keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cognitive disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453606/determinants-of-change-in-objectively-assessed-sleep-duration-among-older-men
#1
Stephen F Smagula, Stephanie Harrison, Jane A Cauley, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Peggy M Cawthon, Steve Cummings, Katie L Stone
We examined potential risk factors for changes in objectively assessed sleep duration within a large sample of community-dwelling older men. Participants (n = 1,055; mean baseline age = 74.6 (standard deviation (SD), 4.7) years) had repeated ActiGraph assessments (ActiGraph LLC, Pensacola, Florida) taken at the baseline (2003-2005) and follow-up (2009-2012) waves of the Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men Study (an ancillary study to the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study conducted in 6 US communities)...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453603/the-effect-of-insomnia-on-neuropsychological-functioning-in-patients-with-comorbid-symptoms-of-pain-fatigue-and-mood-disorders
#2
Julie Aasvik, Tore C Stiles, Astrid Woodhouse, Petter Borchgrevink, Nils Inge Landrø
Objectives: To examine if elevated symptoms of insomnia affects neuropsychological functioning in patients with concurrent symptoms of pain, fatigue, and mood disorders. Methods and results: A total of seventy-six subjects participated in this (cross-sectional) study. Based on the cut-off score guidelines from The Insomnia Severity Index subjects were assigned to either a clinical insomnia group (N = 35) or a comparison group (N = 41). Factors such as age, general cognitive functioning, and symptoms of pain, fatigue, depression, and anxiety did not differ between the groups...
April 27, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453543/altered-resting-state-intra-and-inter-network-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-persistent-somatoform-pain-disorder
#3
Zhiyong Zhao, Tianming Huang, Chaozheng Tang, Kaiji Ni, Xiandi Pan, Chao Yan, Xiaoduo Fan, Dongrong Xu, Yanli Luo
Patients with persistent somatoform pain disorder (PSPD) usually experience various functional impairments in pain, emotion, and cognition, which cannot be fully explained by a physiological process or a physical disorder. However, it is still not clear for the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of PSPD. The present study aimed to explore the intra- and inter-network functional connectivity (FC) differences between PSPD patients and healthy controls (HCs). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed in 13 PSPD patients and 23 age- and gender-matched HCs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453486/cognitive-deficits-after-cerebral-ischemia-and-underlying-dysfunctional-plasticity-potential-targets-for-recovery-of-cognition
#4
Holly M Stradecki-Cohan, Charles H Cohan, Ami P Raval, Kunjan R Dave, Diego Reginensi, Rolando A Gittens, Mehdi Youbi, Miguel A Perez-Pinzon
Cerebral ischemia affects millions of people worldwide and survivors suffer from long-term functional and cognitive deficits. While stroke and cardiac arrest are typically considered when discussing ischemic brain injuries, there is much evidence that smaller ischemic insults underlie neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease. The "regenerative" capacity of the brain relies on several aspects of plasticity that are crucial for normal functioning; less affected brain areas may take over function previously performed by irreversibly damaged tissue...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453473/prodromal-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-and-prodromal-alzheimer-s-disease-a-comparison-of-the-cognitive-and-clinical-profiles
#5
Dilman Sadiq, Tim Whitfield, Lean Lee, Tim Stevens, Sergi Costafreda, Zuzana Walker
BACKGROUND: Dementia must be diagnosed accurately and early in the disease course to allow pathology-specific treatments to be effective. Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is often misdiagnosed as Alzheimer's disease (AD), especially at the prodromal stage. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical and neuropsychological profiles of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients who, at follow-up, progressed to AD (retrospectively AD-MCI) or DLB (retrospectively DLB-MCI) or remained MCI...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453472/the-2002-nimh-provisional-diagnostic-criteria-for-depression-of-alzheimer-s-disease-pdc-dad-gauging-their-validity-over-a-decade-later
#6
Amir A Sepehry, Philip E Lee, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung, B Lynn Beattie, Howard H Feldman, Claudia Jacova
Presented herein is evidence for criterion, content, and convergent/discriminant validity of the NIMH-Provisional Diagnostic Criteria for depression of Alzheimer's Disease (PDC-dAD) that were formulated to address depression in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Using meta-analytic and systematic review methods, we examined criterion validity evidence in epidemiological and clinical studies comparing the PDC-dAD to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition (DSM-IV), and International Classification of Disease (ICD 9) depression diagnostic criteria...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453445/the-effectiveness-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-exercise-approach-cbea-compared-to-usual-care-in-patients-with-a-whiplash-associated-disorder-a-quasi-experimental-clinical-trial
#7
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Davide Perucchini, Joshua A Cleland, Cristina Barbieri, Fernanda de Lima E Sá Resende, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) is a biopsychosocial problem, education may be an essential part in the treatment and the prevention of chronic WAD. However, it is still unclear which type of educative intervention has already been used in WAD patients and how effective such interventions are. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral exercises approach (CBEA) for self-training of the neck relative to usual care in individuals with WAD in acute phase...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453310/vasomotor-symptoms-in-menopause-a-biomarker-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-other-chronic-diseases
#8
N Biglia, A Cagnacci, M Gambacciani, S Lello, S Maffei, R E Nappi
Menopausal disorders may include shorter-term symptoms, such as hot flushes and night sweats (vasomotor symptoms, VMS) and longer-term chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), osteoporosis, and cognitive impairment. Initially, no clear link between the shorter-term symptoms and longer-term chronic conditions was evident and these disorders seemed to occur independently from each other. However, there is a growing body of evidence demonstrating that VMS may be a biomarker for chronic disease...
April 28, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449364/the-association-between-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-ptsd-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-negative-beliefs-about-the-self
#9
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Janie J Jun, Denise M Sloan
Peritraumatic dissociation, a term used to describe a complex array of reactions to trauma, including depersonalization, derealization, and emotional numbness, has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a number of studies. Cognitive theory suggests that interpretations of traumatic events and reactions underlie the persistence of PTSD. The present study examined the associations among peritraumatic dissociation, posttraumatic cognitions, and PTSD symptoms in a group of trauma-exposed adults (N = 169)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448820/is-there-a-link-between-biological-parents-insight-into-their-offspring-s-schizophrenia-and-their-cognitive-functioning-expressed-emotion-and-knowledge-about-disorder
#10
Alexandra Macgregor, Joanna Norton, Stéphane Raffard, Delphine Capdevielle
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that parents' awareness of their offspring's schizophrenia could influence their offspring's insight. Low patient insight is linked to impairment of specific cognitive abilities, and biological parents of schizophrenia patients have impaired capacities in these same domains. However, little is known about what specific socio-demographic, affective or cognitive factors may influence biological parents' awareness of their offspring's disease. METHOD: Data were drawn from 41 patient-parent dyads...
April 13, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448366/project-tendr
#11
Laura Anderko
: Chemicals are ubiquitous in the food we eat, the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the products we use at work and in our personal lives. Toxic chemicals increase the risk of cognitive, behavioral, and neurodevelopmental disorders throughout the life span. The Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 was intended to allow for the collection of data on and regulation of these chemicals but has been criticized for its significant limitations in protecting the public's health. In recognition of the scientific evidence demonstrating the connection between toxic environmental chemicals and neurodevelopmental disorders, Project TENDR (Targeting Environmental Neuro-Developmental Risks)-a collaborative initiative of scientists, health professionals, and children's health advocates-produced a call to action last July with the aim of reducing exposure to chemicals and pollutants that contribute to the development of these disorders...
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448225/online-positive-thinking-training-intervention-for-caregivers-of-individuals-with-asd-necessity-acceptability-and-feasibility
#12
Abir K Bekhet
BACKGROUND: More than 3.5 million people in the United States are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Caring for children with ASD can be stressful and can be detrimental to the well-being of the caregivers (CGs). However, the adverse effects of caregiving on the well-being of CGs may be avoided with appropriate interventions. CGs of persons with ASD might benefit from a positive thinking training (PTT) intervention to help them cope with the stress of caregiving. However, the necessity, acceptability and feasibility for PTT in ASD CGs have not been studied...
May 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448209/solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-chilean-primary-care-patients-exploring-a-linguistic-adaptation
#13
Karla González Suitt, Cynthia Franklin, Rayen Cornejo, Yessenia Castro, Sara Smock Jordan
Solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) is a resource-based, future-oriented therapeutic approach that focuses on finding exceptions to problems and identifying coping strategies to build solutions. SFBT has been efficacious with individuals with alcohol use disorders. Chile experiences high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related health consequences. Despite the international dissemination of SFBT, this is the first study to attempt a linguistic adaptation of SFBT in a Latin American country. We conducted 9 cognitive interviews to examine 13 translated main SFBT tools and 3 focus groups to gather information on cultural aspects of alcohol use in primary care...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448176/child-and-adolescent-adherence-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-predictors-and-associations-with-outcomes
#14
Phyllis Lee, Asima Zehgeer, Golda S Ginsburg, James McCracken, Courtney Keeton, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher, Dara Sakolsky, John Walkup, Tara Peris, Anne Marie Albano, Scott Compton
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders is effective, but nonadherence with treatment may reduce the benefits of CBT. This study examined (a) four baseline domains (i.e., demographic, youth clinical characteristics, therapy related, family/parent factors) as predictors of youth adherence with treatment and (b) the associations between youth adherence and treatment outcomes. Data were from 279 youth (7-17 years of age, 51.6% female; 79.6% White, 9% African American), with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447569/a-new-treatment-strategy-for-parkinson-s-disease-through-the-gut-brain-axis-the-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-pathway
#15
Dong Seok Kim, Ho-Il Choi, Yun Wang, Yu Luo, Barry J Hoffer, Nigel H Greig
Molecular communications in the gut-brain axis, between the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract, arecritical for maintaining healthy brain function particularly in aging. Epidemiological analyses indicate type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's diseases (PD) for which aging shows a major correlative association. Common pathophysiological features exist between T2DM, AD and PD, including oxidative stress, inflammation, insulin resistance, abnormal protein processing and cognitive decline, and suggest that effective drugs for T2DM that positively impact the gut-brain axis could provide an effective treatment option for neurodegenerative diseases...
April 26, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447399/genome-wide-association-study-of-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorder-hand-a-charter-group-study
#16
Peilin Jia, Zhongming Zhao, Todd Hulgan, William S Bush, David C Samuels, Cinnamon S Bloss, Robert K Heaton, Ronald J Ellis, Nicholas Schork, Christina M Marra, Ann C Collier, David B Clifford, Benjamin B Gelman, Ned Sacktor, Susan Morgello, David M Simpson, J Allen McCutchan, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Donald R Franklin, Debralee Rosario, Scott L Letendre, Igor Grant, Asha R Kallianpur
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) often complicates HIV infection despite combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) and may be influenced by host genomics. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of HAND in 1,050 CNS HIV Anti-Retroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) Study participants. All participants underwent standardized, comprehensive neurocognitive, and neuromedical assessments to determine if they had cognitive impairment as assessed by the Global Deficit Score (GDS), and individuals with comorbidities that could confound diagnosis of HAND were excluded...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447268/atypical-age-dependency-of-executive-function-and-white-matter-microstructure-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Kenia Martínez, Jessica Merchán-Naranjo, Laura Pina-Camacho, Yasser Alemán-Gómez, Leticia Boada, David Fraguas, Carmen Moreno, Celso Arango, Joost Janssen, Mara Parellada
Executive function (EF) performance is associated with measurements of white matter microstructure (WMS) in typical individuals. Impaired EF is a hallmark symptom of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) but it is unclear how impaired EF relates to variability in WMS. Twenty-one male youth (8-18 years) with ASD and without intellectual disability and twenty-one typical male participants (TP) matched for age, intelligence quotient, handedness, race and parental socioeconomic status were recruited. Five EF domains were assessed and several DTI-based measurements of WMS [fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD) and radial diffusivity (RD)] were estimated for eighteen white matter tracts...
April 26, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447214/eeg-abnormalities-and-long-term-seizure-outcome-in-high-functioning-autism
#18
Özdem Ertürk Çetin, Barış Korkmaz, Gülce Alev, Veysi Demirbilek
Electroencephalographic abnormalities may occur in autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) even in the absence of clinical seizures. These abnormalities may vary from nonspecific changes to epileptiform abnormalities and are more common compared to the overall population. The level of intelligence is a significant risk factor for epilepsy in ASD. However, the relation between the functionality of the individuals with autism and the electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities, and the clinical significance of these abnormalities still remain relatively unclear...
April 26, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446421/testing-a-computerized-cognitive-training-protocol-in-adults-aging-with-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-randomized-controlled-trial-rationale-and-protocol
#19
David Vance, Pariya Fazeli, John Shacka, William Nicholson, Peggy McKie, James Raper, Andres Azuero, Virginia Wadley, Karlene Ball
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders occur in nearly 50% of adults with HIV. Such disorders can interfere with everyday functioning such as driving and medication adherence. Therefore, cognitive interventions are needed to address such neurocognitive disorders as well as improve everyday functioning, especially as people age with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This article reports and discusses the overall rationale and development of speed of processing training, a computerized Internet cognitive training program, to improve this specific neurocognitive ability as well as everyday functioning and quality of life in adults aging with HIV...
April 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446254/functional-neuroimaging-of-sex-differences-in-autobiographical-memory-recall-in-depression
#20
K D Young, J Bodurka, W C Drevets
BACKGROUND: Females are more likely than males to develop major depressive disorder (MDD). The current study used fMRI to compare the neural correlates of autobiographical memory (AM) recall between males and females diagnosed with MDD. AM overgenerality is a persistent cognitive deficit in MDD, the magnitude of which is correlated with depressive severity only in females. Delineating the neurobiological correlates of this deficit may elucidate the nature of sex-differences in the diathesis for developing MDD...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Medicine
keyword
keyword
17170
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"