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Aristide Merola, Alberto Romagnolo, Laura Rizzi, Mario Giorgio Rizzone, Maurizio Zibetti, Michele Lanotte, George Mandybur, Andrew P Duker, Alberto J Espay, Leonardo Lopiano
To determine the clinical and demographic correlates of persistent, remitting, and new-onset impulse control behaviors (ICBs) before and after subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We compared the pre- and post-surgical prevalence of ICBs, classified as impulse control disorders (ICD), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS), and punding in 150 consecutive PD STN-DBS-treated patients and determined the association with motor, cognitive, neuropsychological, and neuropsychiatric endpoints...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neurology
F Declercq, R Meganck, K Audenaert
Although evidence with respect to its prevalence is mixed, it is clear that fathers perpetrate a serious proportion of filicide. There also seems to be a consensus that paternal filicide has attracted less research attention than its maternal counterpart and is therefore less well understood. National registries are a very rich source of data, but they generally provide limited information about the perpetrator as psychiatric, psychological and behavioral data are often lacking. This paper presents a fully documented case of a paternal filicide...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Psychology
Esther Via, Carles Orfila, Carla Pedreño, Antoni Rovira, José M Menchón, Narcís Cardoner, Diego J Palao, Carles Soriano-Mas, Jordi E Obiols
AIM: Schizoid (ScPD) and Schizotypal (SPD) personality disorders are rare and severe disorders. They are associated with high liability to schizophrenia and present an attenuated form of its negative symptoms, which are considered a putative endophenotype for schizophrenia. The trans-diagnostic study of negative symptoms in non-psychotic populations such as ScPD/SPD might provide useful markers of a negative-symptom domain; however, little is known about their neurobiological substrates...
August 14, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Elena Fernández Del Río, Ana López-Durán, Úrsula Martínez, Elisardo Becoña
BACKGROUND: There is consistent evidence about the relationship between smoking and mental health. This study compares the relationship between tobacco use and personality disorders (PDs) in Spanish adults from general and clinical population, taking into account nicotine dependence (ND), and the presence of any mental disorder. METHOD: The sample was made up of 1,079 smokers (519 from general population, 560 from clinical population). PDs were assessed by means of the International Personality Disorder Examination Questionnaire, Module DSM-IV...
August 2016: Psicothema
Robert Waska
Working to establish analytic contact (Waska, 2007) with a patient involves the verbal act of interpretation. But, how one interprets and what we try to hold in words is not the same with each patient. Each patient requires, invites, provokes and responds to a unique mixture of interpretive elements or approaches. The projective identification process that is so often the bedrock of the transference, and therefore the catalyst of the counter-transference, forms the psychological climate between patient and analyst...
June 28, 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi, Mario Miniati, Antonella Benvenuti, Gabriele Massimetti, Liliana Dell'Osso
BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence exists about the relationship between psychotic symptoms and suicidality in mood disorders. We aimed to investigate the lifetime suicidality and its relationship with dimensions of the psychotic spectrum over the lifespan among subjects with bipolar I (BD I) or major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: 147 Consecutive out- and inpatients with BD I or MDD presenting for treatment at 11 Italian Departments of Psychiatry were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, the Structured Clinical Interview for the Psychotic Spectrum (SCI-PSY, lifetime version) and the Mood Spectrum Self-Report (MOODS-SR, lifetime version)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
Shae E Quirk, Michael Berk, Julie A Pasco, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Andrew M Chanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Lisa M Burke, Henry J Jackson, Carol Hulbert, Craig A Olsson, Paul Moran, Amanda L Stuart, Lana J Williams
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the prevalence and age distribution of personality disorders and their comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders in an age-stratified sample of Australian women aged ⩾25 years. METHODS: Individual personality disorders (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, antisocial, avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive), lifetime mood, anxiety, eating and substance misuse disorders were diagnosed utilising validated semi-structured clinical interviews (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Non-patient Edition and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders)...
May 30, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Sandra Strunz, Constanze Schermuck, Sarah Ballerstein, Christoph J Ahlers, Isabel Dziobek, Stefan Roepke
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience difficulties in maintaining romantic relationships. In this study high-functioning adults with ASD were examined concerning their romantic relationship interest and experience. METHOD: Participants, 31 recruited via an outpatient clinic and 198 via an online survey, were asked to answer a number of self-report questionnaires. The total sample comprised 229 high-functioning adults with ASD (40% males, average age: 35 years)...
May 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Thomas E Gift, Frederick W Reimherr, Barrie K Marchant, Tammy A Steans, Paul H Wender
Personality disorders (PDs) are commonly found in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with increased ADHD symptoms and psychosocial impairment. To assess the impact of PDs or personality traits on retention rates in ADHD trials and whether treating ADHD affects the expression of PD, data were analyzed from 2 methylphenidate trials. Assessment of PDs and personality traits included using the Wisconsin Personality Disorders Inventory IV and the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Personality Disorders...
May 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Wing Chung Chang, Vivian Wing Yan Kwong, Gloria Hoi Kei Chan, Olivia Tsz Ting Jim, Emily Sin Kei Lau, Christy Lai Ming Hui, Sherry Kit Wa Chan, Edwin Ho Ming Lee, Eric Yu Hai Chen
BACKGROUND: Functional remission (FR) is an intermediate and necessary step toward recovery, but is understudied in first-episode psychosis (FEP). We aimed to examine the rate and predictors of FR in FEP patients in the context of a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) comparing a 1-year extension of early intervention (Extended EI, 3-year EI) with step-down psychiatric care (SC, 2-year EI). METHODS: One hundred sixty Chinese patients were recruited from a specialized EI program for FEP in Hong Kong after they have completed this 2-year EI service, randomly allocated to Extended EI or SC, and followed up for 12 months...
May 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Funing Chen, Briana R Flaherty, Charli E Cohen, David S Peterson, Yiping Zhao
Surface enhanced Raman spectra (SERS) of normal red blood cells (RBCs) and Plasmodium falciparum infected RBCs (iRBCs) at different post invasion time were obtained based on silver nanorod array substrates. Distinct spectral differences were observed due to the cell membrane modification of RBCs during malaria infection. The SERS spectra of ring stage iRBCs had a characteristic Raman peak at Δv=1599cm(-1) as compared to those of normal RBCs, while the trophozoite and schizoid stages had identical SERS spectra with a characteristic peak at Δv=723cm(-1), which is significantly different from ring stage iRBCs, consistent with ongoing modification of the iRBC membrane...
August 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Joseph E Beeney, Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Michael N Hallquist, Sophie A Lazarus, Julie R S Beeney, Lori N Scott, Paul A Pilkonis
Though researchers have attended to disorganized attachment in infants and children, they have infrequently focused on the character of disorganized attachment in adults. In this study, we aimed to identify clusters of participants based on attachment levels and styles, seeking to better delineate severity and stylistic differences in disorganized attachment than has been previously articulated. We used a new assessment approach focused on a hierarchy of attachment organization, including secure, insecure (dismissive and preoccupied), rigid-controlling (hostile control and compulsive caregiving), and disorganized (contradictory, impoverished, and unresolved) levels of attachment...
March 17, 2016: Personality Disorders
I Muñoz, M S Hernández, S Santos, C Jurado, L Ruiz, E Toribio, E M Sotelo, A L Guerrero, V Molina, F Uribe, M L Cuadrado
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) has been associated with certain personality traits and lifestyle features, but there are few studies assessing personality profiles in CH. We aimed to analyze personality traits in patients with CH, and to compare them with those found in migraine. METHODS: We included all consecutive patients with CH attending 5 outpatient offices between January and December 2013. Personality traits were evaluated using the Salamanca screening test, a validated inventory assessing 11 personality traits grouped in 3 clusters...
2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
D Mété, C Dafreville, V Paitel, P Wind
INTRODUCTION: Aripiprazole, an atypical or second-generation antipsychotic, is usually well tolerated. It is an approved treatment for schizophrenia and mania in bipolar disorder type 1. Unlike the other antipsychotics, it has high affinity agonist properties for dopamine D2 and D3 receptors. It has also 5-HT1A partial agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist properties. Aripiprazole is a first or second line treatment frequently used because it has reduced side effects such as weight gain, sleepiness, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperprolactinemia and extrapyramidal symptoms...
June 2016: L'Encéphale
Frederick Feirstein
Sylvia Plath's rage at her abandoning husband and at her late beloved father was partly a displacement of anger toward her loving but smothering mother. Her schizoid pathology resulting from the symbiosis (along with her bipolarity) helped prompt her suicide. At the same time her rage at the men represented a struggle to prevent it. The focus of this paper is to explore in the context of her life how the style as well as the content of her last book, Ariel, made for one long suicide note-albeit a beautifully written work of art...
February 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
S Laconi, A Andréoletti, E Chauchard, R F Rodgers, H Chabrol
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction or problematic Internet use is a recent and increasingly recognized disorder which has been consistently associated with many psychiatric disorders, adding to the documented negative consequences of problematic Internet use. However, very few studies have examined the relationship between problematic Internet use and personality traits and none in a French sample. Moreover, those which have evaluated this relationship have mainly been conducted on small samples...
June 2016: L'Encéphale
Rebecca E Watsky, Katharine Ludovici Pollard, Deanna Greenstein, Lorie Shora, Diane Dillard-Broadnax, Peter Gochman, Liv S Clasen, Rebecca A Berman, Judith L Rapoport, Nitin Gogtay, Anna E Ordóñez
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between regional cortical gray matter thinning and symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum personality disorders (PDs) in siblings of patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia (COS). METHOD: A total of 66 siblings of patients with COS were assessed for symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum PDs (avoidant, paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal). Structural magnetic resonance images were obtained at approximately 2-year intervals from the siblings and from 62 healthy volunteers matched for age, sex, ethnicity, and handedness...
February 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Cristina Crego, Chelsea E Sleep, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) was a five-domain, 25-dimensional trait model that would have constituted a significant part of the diagnostic criteria for each personality disorder. A primary concern with respect to the proposal was that clinicians might find such an approach to be unacceptable. This study provides results from three independent data collections that compared clinicians' clinical utility ratings for each iteration of the DSM-5 dimensional trait assignments, along with an alternative list of traits derived from the Five Factor Form (FFF)...
January 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Kate Walsh, Deborah Hasin, Katherine M Keyes, Karestan C Koenen
UNLABELLED: Gender-based violence (GBV) is prevalent and associated with deleterious outcomes including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and substance use disorders. Despite substantial comorbidity between these conditions and personality disorders (PDs), few, if any, studies have examined associations between lifetime exposure to GBV and risk for a range of PDs in nationally representative U.S. SAMPLES: The current study addressed this gap in the literature by examining adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and population attributable fractions (PAFs) of 10 PDs by lifetime GBV exposure...
April 2016: Personality Disorders
Bartosz Treger, Feliks Matusiak, Maciej Pilecki, Monika Rogoż
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between various areas of self-image and defence mechanisms in adolescents. The study included a division into groups according to whether or not they were receiving psychiatric treatment. METHODS: Data were obtained from two groups: a clinical group (30 persons), consisting of adolescent patients of the Adolescent Inpatient Ward of the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic and a control group (40 persons), adolescents attending upper secondary school...
2015: Psychiatria Polska
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