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Takahiro Ninomiya, Emiko Noguchi, Takenori Haruna, Masayo Hasegawa, Takuto Yoshida, Yukiko Yamashita, Mitsuhiro Okano, Naohiro Yoshida, Shinichi Haruna, Yasunori Sakuma, Shoichiro Ohta, Junya Ono, Kenji Izuhara, Masafumi Okada, Masanori Kidoguchi, Takahiro Tokunaga, Masayuki Okamoto, Masafumi Kanno, Masafumi Sakashita, Tetsuji Takabayashi, Norihiko Narita, Shigeharu Fujieda
We previously reported that chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) was subdivided into four chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) subtypes using the JESREC scoring system. We sought to identify the gene expression profile and biomarkers related with CRSwNP by RNA-sequence. RNA-sequencing was performed to identify differentially expressed genes between nasal polyps (NPs) and inferior turbinate mucosa from 6 patients with CRSwNP, and subsequently, quantitative real-time PCR was performed to verify the results...
July 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Pascal O Zinn, Sanjay K Singh, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Islam Hassan, Ginu Thomas, Markus M Luedi, Ahmed Elakkad, Nabil Elshafeey, Tagwa Idris, Jennifer Mosley, Joy Gumin, Gregory N Fuller, John Frederick deGroot, Veerabhadran Baladandayuthapani, Erik P Sulman, Ashok J Kumar, Raymond Sawaya, Frederick F Lang, David Piwnica-Worms, Rivka R Colen
PURPOSE: Radiomics is the extraction of multidimensional imaging-features which when correlated with genomics is termed radiogenomics. However, radiogenomic biological validation is not sufficiently described in the literature. We seek to establish causality between differential gene expression status and MRI-extracted radiomic-features in glioblastoma. METHODS: Radiogenomic predictions and validation were done using the Cancer Genome Atlas and Repository of Molecular Brain Neoplasia Data glioblastoma patients (N=93) and orthotopic xenografts (OX)(N=40)...
July 27, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Laura González-González, Javier Alonso
Tumor microenvironment is considered nowadays as one of the main players in cancer development and progression. Tumor microenvironment is highly complex and consists of non-tumor cells (i.e., cancer-associated fibroblast, endothelial cells, or infiltrating leukocytes) and a large list of extracellular matrix proteins and soluble factors. The way that microenvironment components interact among them and with the tumor cells is very complex and only partially understood. However, it is now clear that these interactions govern and modulate many of the cancer hallmarks such as cell proliferation, the resistance to death, the differentiation state of tumor cells, their ability to migrate and metastasize, and the immune response against tumor cells...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Dong Dong, Lufang Zhang, Li Jia, Wei Ji, Zhiyong Wang, Li Ren, Ruifang Niu, Yunli Zhou
BACKGROUND: Periostin (POSTN) plays an important role in numerous cancers, especially in gastrointestinal malignancy. The objective of this study was to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic role of serum POSTN in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Serum periostin, together with CEA, CA19.9, CA72.4, and CA242 levels were measured in samples from 108 patients with CRC and 56 healthy controls, and their correlation with clinical characteristics was further analyzed...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
Dong Dong, Li Jia, Lufang Zhang, Na Ma, Aimin Zhang, Yunli Zhou, Li Ren
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly malignant tumor with few biomarkers to guide treatment options. Carbohydrate antigen 19.9 (CA19.9), the most frequently used biomarker for PDAC, is not sensitive and specific enough for the detection of the disease. This study aimed to evaluate serum periostin (POSTN) and CA242 as potential diagnostic biomarkers complementing CA19.9 in detecting pancreatic cancer. Blood samples were from 362 participants, including 213 patients with different stages of PDAC, 75 patients with benign pancreatic disease, and 74 healthy individuals...
June 26, 2018: Cancer Science
Yu-Ching Wei, Sheau-Fang Yang, Shih-Lun Chang, Tzu-Ju Chen, Sung-Wei Lee, Hung-Sung Chen, Li-Ching Lin, Chien-Feng Li
Purpose: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a heterogeneous disease. We searched for genes that function in cell adhesion in GSE12452, a published transcriptomic database. We found that POSTN, which encodes periostin (POSTN), was significantly upregulated in NPC tumorigenesis. Herein, we sought to analyze the expression of POSTN and its prognostic significances in patients with NPC. Materials and methods: In this single-institution retrospective study, we determined and analyzed POSTN expression by immunohistochemistry and H-score method, respectively, in 124 patients with NPC...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Fumiko Nakazeki, Masataka Nishiga, Takahiro Horie, Hitoo Nishi, Yasuhiro Nakashima, Osamu Baba, Yasuhide Kuwabara, Tomohiro Nishino, Tetsushi Nakao, Yuya Ide, Satoshi Koyama, Masahiro Kimura, Shuhei Tsuji, Naoya Sowa, Shigeo Yoshida, Simon J Conway, Motoko Yanagita, Takeshi Kimura, Koh Ono
Recent evidence suggests that the accumulation of macrophages as a result of obesity-induced adipose tissue hypoxia is crucial for the regulation of tissue fibrosis, but the molecular mechanisms underlying adipose tissue fibrosis are still unknown. In this study, we revealed that periostin (Postn) is produced at extraordinary levels by adipose tissue after feeding with a high-fat diet (HFD). Postn was secreted at least from macrophages in visceral adipose tissue during the development of obesity, possibly due to hypoxia...
June 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jiehong Zeng, Zhengkai Liu, Shuwen Sun, Jianhong Xie, Li Cao, Pin Lv, Shengdan Nie, Bao Zhang, Bowen Xie, Siyuan Peng, Bo Jiang
Periostin (POSTN) secreted by intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma stem cells (ICSCs) serves important roles in promoting tumor progression. The present study aimed to investigate POSTN-recruited tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). A total of 50 cases were used to investigate the distribution of ICSCs and TAMs in ICC. HCCC-9810 cells were sorted by cluster of differentiation (CD)44, the expression of POSTN of CD44+ (cancer stem cells) and CD44- cells (non-cancer stem cells), and medium were evaluated by western blot analysis...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Lady Serrano Mujica, Alessandra Bridi, Ricardo Della Méa, Vitor Braga Rissi, Naiara Guarda, Rafael Noal Moresco, Melissa Orlandin Premaor, Alfredo Quites Antoniazzi, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves, Fabio Vasconcellos Comim
Background: Several studies have described an enhanced inflammatory status and oxidative stress balance disruption in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, there is scarce information about redox markers in the blood of androgenized animal models. Here, we evaluated the serum/plasma oxidative stress marker and metabolic parameter characteristics of prenatal (PreN) and postnatal (PostN) androgenized rat models of PCOS. Materials and methods: For PreN androgenization (n=8), 2...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
Guan-Zhong Qiu, Xiao-Yuan Mao, Yue Ma, Xing-Chun Gao, Zhen Wang, Ming-Zhu Jin, Wei Sun, Yong-Xiang Zou, Jing Lin, Hua-Lin Fu, Wei-Lin Jin
Ubiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22) is a member of the "death-from-cancer" signature, which plays a key role in cancer progression. Previous evidence has shown that USP22 is overexpressed and correlates with poor prognosis in glioma. The effect and mechanism of USP22 in glioma malignancy, especially cancer stemness, remain elusive. Herein, we find USP22 is more enriched in stem-like tumorspheres than differentiated glioma cells. USP22 knockdown inhibits cancer stemness in glioma cell lines. With a cell-penetrating TAT-tag protein, B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI1), a robust glioma stem-cell marker, is found to mediate the effect of USP22 on glioma stemness...
July 2018: Cancer Science
M Fairuz B Jamaluddin, Pravin Nahar, Pradeep S Tanwar
Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) are the most common benign tumors that are associated with increased production of extracellular matrix (ECM). Excessive ECM deposition plays a major role in the enlargement and stiffness of these tumors and contributes to clinical symptoms, such as abnormal bleeding and abdominal pain. However, no study so far has explored the global composition of the ECM of fibroids and normal myometrium. In this study, we performed a systematic ECM enrichment procedure and comparative proteomic analyses to profile the ECM composition of genetically annotated different-sized fibroids (small, medium, and large) and adjacent normal myometrium (ANM)...
July 1, 2018: Endocrinology
Robert Brommage, Claes Ohlsson
Increasing attention is being focused on the important contributions of cortical bone to bone strength, fractures and osteoporosis therapies. Recent progress in human genome wide association studies in combination with high-throughput mouse gene knockout phenotyping efforts of multiple genes and advanced conditional gene inactivation in mouse models have successfully identified genes with crucial roles in cortical bone homeostasis. Particular attention in this review is given to genes, such as WNT16, POSTN and SFRP4, that differentially affect cortical and trabecular bone architecture...
June 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Andrei M Mikheev, Svetlana A Mikheeva, Liza J Severs, Cory C Funk, Lei Huang, José L McFaline-Figueroa, Jeanette Schwensen, Cole Trapnell, Nathan D Price, Stephen Wong, Robert C Rostomily
TWIST1 (TW) is a bHLH transcription factor (TF) and master regulator of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In vitro, TW promotes mesenchymal change, invasion, and self-renewal in glioblastoma (GBM) cells. However, the potential therapeutic relevance of TW has not been established through loss-of-function studies in human GBM cell xenograft models. The effects of TW loss of function (gene editing and knockdown) on inhibition of tumorigenicity of U87MG and GBM4 glioma stem cells were tested in orthotopic xenograft models and conditional knockdown in established flank xenograft tumors...
June 2018: Molecular Oncology
Yusuke Shimoyama, Keiichi Tamai, Rie Shibuya, Mao Nakamura, Mai Mochizuki, Kazunori Yamaguchi, Yoichi Kakuta, Yoshitaka Kinouchi, Ikuro Sato, Akira Kudo, Tooru Shimosegawa, Kennichi Satoh
Inflammatory bowel diseases, which are multifactorial autoimmune colitis diseases, are occurring with increasing prevalence. One of the most serious complications of these diseases is colorectal cancer. Here we investigated the role of periostin (Postn), a matricellular protein that interacts with various integrin molecules on the cell surface, in colitis-induced colorectal cancer. Immunohistochemistry of mouse and human colorectal cancer samples revealed that Postn was expressed in the stroma and was upregulated in close proximity to the cancer cells...
April 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Domenico Rosace, Cristina Gomez-Casado, Paloma Fernandez, Marina Pérez Gordo, María Del Carmen Dominguez, Angel Vega, María Teresa Belver, Tania Ramos, Francisco Vega, Guadalupe Marco, Manuel de Pedro, Leticia Sanchez, María de Las Mercedes Arnas, Marcela Santaolalla, Miguel Ángel Saez, Sara Benedé, Montserrat Fernandez-Rivas, Carlos Blanco, Maria Isabel Alvarado, María M Escribese, Domingo Barber
BACKGROUND: In areas of high exposure to grass pollen, allergic patients are frequently sensitized to profilin, and some experience severe profilin-mediated food-induced reactions. This specific population of patients is ideal to study the relationship between respiratory and food allergies. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the role of oral mucosal epithelial barrier integrity in profilin-mediated allergic reactions. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with profilin allergy stratified into mild or severe according to their clinical history and response to a profilin challenge test and 6 nonallergic subjects were recruited...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yukinori Kato, Tetsuji Takabayashi, Masafumi Sakashita, Yoshimasa Imoto, Takahiro Tokunaga, Takahiro Ninomiya, Taiyo Morikawa, Kanako Yoshida, Emiko Noguchi, Shigeharu Fujieda
This study found Cystatin SN (CST1), a type 2 cystatin subfamily member, to be highly expressed in nasal polyps from patients with intractable chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), using a whole transcript analysis with next-generation sequencing. Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) involves nasal polyps that are refractory and recurrent immediately after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). We hypothesized that CST1 may contribute to the pathogenesis of ECRS. The expression of CST1 in nasal polyps from patients with ECRS was examined by mRNA expression levels, using real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry...
April 26, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Kan Zhang, Yuxia Liang, Yuchen Feng, Wenliang Wu, Huilan Zhang, Jianguo He, Qinghua Hu, Jian-Ping Zhao, Yongjian Xu, Zheng Liu, Guohua Zhen
Airway eosinophilic inflammation is a key feature of type 2-high asthma. The role of epithelial miRNA in airway eosinophilic inflammation remains unclear. We examined the expression of miR-221-3p in bronchial brushings, induced sputum and plasma from 77 symptomatic, recently diagnosed steroid-naïve subjects with asthma and 36 healthy controls by quantitative PCR, and analyzed the correlation between miR-221-3p expression and airway eosinophilia. We found that epithelial, sputum and plasma miR-221-3p expression was significantly decreased in subjects with asthma...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Meng Tang, Bingji Liu, Xiaocui Bu, Peng Zhao
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) contribute to tumor progression, but it is not clear how they are recruited to tumor sites. Here we showed that periostin (POSTN) was present at high levels in ovarian cancer ascetic fluids and was correlated with CD163+ TAMs. The high POSTN level and macrophage infiltration were inversely associated with relapse-free survival for ovarian cancer patients. In vitro studies showed that coculture with macrophages significantly increased POSTN production in ovarian cancer cells...
May 2018: Cancer Science
Ioanna Keklikoglou, Ece Kadioglu, Stefan Bissinger, Benoît Langlois, Axel Bellotti, Gertraud Orend, Carola H Ries, Michele De Palma
Resistance to antiangiogenic drugs limits their applicability in cancer therapy. Here, we show that revascularization and progression of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) under extended vascular-endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) blockade are dependent on periostin (POSTN), a matricellular protein expressed by stromal cells. Genetic deletion of Postn in RIP1-Tag2 mice blunted tumor rebounds of M2-like macrophages and αSMA+ stromal cells in response to prolonged VEGFA inhibition and suppressed PNET revascularization and progression on therapy...
March 6, 2018: Cell Reports
Nathan Cho, Shadi E Razipour, Megan L McCain
Cardiac fibroblasts and their activated derivatives, myofibroblasts, play a critical role in wound healing after myocardial injury and often contribute to long-term pathological outcomes, such as excessive fibrosis. Thus, defining the microenvironmental factors that regulate the phenotype of cardiac fibroblasts and myofibroblasts could lead to new therapeutic strategies. Both chemical and biomechanical cues have previously been shown to induce myofibroblast differentiation in many organs and species. For example, transforming growth factor beta 1, a cytokine secreted by neutrophils, and rigid extracellular matrix environments have both been shown to promote differentiation...
April 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
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