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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342272/daily-decision-making-about-food-during-pregnancy-a-new-zealand-study
#1
Susan Pullon, Angela Ballantyne, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristin Wickens, Julian Crane
Pregnancy has always been a life-changing event for women and their families, but societal concern about pregnancy and motherhood has become intense in the digital age. The role of health promotion agencies and others supplying health-related resources about lifestyle behaviours is both important and in need of scrutiny. Ever increasing advice for pregnant women, their families and health professionals, abounds. This study of decision making during pregnancy investigated how women made everyday decisions during pregnancy about food and drink, as well as dietary supplements and medications, alcohol and recreational drugs...
January 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342024/clinical-profile-of-patients-with-heart-failure-can-predict-rehospitalization-and-quality-of-life
#2
Michele Di Mauro, Renata Petroni, Daniela Clemente, Massimiliano Foschi, Fabrizio Tancredi, Virginia Camponetti, Sabina Gallina, Antonio M Calafiore, Maria Penco, Silvio Romano
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify clinical, humoral and echocardiographic variables predicting rehospitalization and poor quality of life (QOL) in patients with reduced or mid-range ejection fraction heart failure. METHODS: From 2009 to 2012, 310 patients were admitted having signs and symptoms of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. All the patients were followed by phone, calling the patients or the referring general practitioner...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341967/new-modalities-for-the-administration-of-inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-intensive-care-units-after-cardiac-surgery-or-for-neonatal-indications-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Philippe Gaudard, Claudio Barbanti, Bertrand Rozec, Philippe Mauriat, Mimoun M'rini, Gilles Cambonie, Jean Michel Liet, Claude Girard, Pierre Louis Leger, Ziad Assaf, Pierre Damas, Gauthier Loron, Laurent Lecourt, Julien Amour, Philippe Pouard
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has a well-known efficacy in pulmonary hypertension (PH), with wide use for 20 years in many countries. The objective of this study was to describe the current use of NO in real life and the gap with the guidelines. METHODS: This is a multicenter, prospective, observational study on inhaled NO administered through an integrated delivery and monitoring device and indicated for PH according to the market authorizations. The characteristics of NO therapy and ventilation modes were observed...
January 16, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341501/tadalafil-improves-symptoms-erectile-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-suggestive-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-kyu-pro-study
#4
Ryosuke Takahashi, Minoru Miyazato, Hisae Nishii, Yasuhiro Sumino, Kazuo Takayama, Masako Onzuka, Takuma Oshiro, Seiichi Saito, Naohiro Fujimoto, Hiromitsu Mimata, Masatoshi Eto
OBJECTIVES: Effect of tadalafil on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), erectile function and quality of life (QoL) were prospectively evaluated in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) at multicenter. METHODS: Eligible men were ≥40 years who had no treatment with alpha-blocker for BPH, with total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥8, IPSS-QOL ≥2 and prostate volume ≥20 mL. Data were collected on age, body mass index (BMI), and prostate specific antigen (PSA)...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341071/anticholinergic-medication-for-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#5
REVIEW
Hanna Bergman, Karla Soares-Weiser
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic (neuroleptic) medication is used extensively to treat people with serious mental illnesses. However, it is associated with a wide range of adverse effects, including movement disorders. Because of this, many people treated with antipsychotic medication also receive anticholinergic drugs in order to reduce some of the associated movement side-effects. However, there is also a suggestion from animal experiments that the chronic administration of anticholinergics could cause tardive dyskinesia...
January 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340807/long-term-outcome-of-infliximab-optimization-for-overcoming-immunogenicity-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Konstantinos Papamichael, Ravy K Vajravelu, Mark T Osterman, Adam S Cheifetz
BACKGROUND: Preliminary data suggest that treatment optimization can reverse immunogenicity and regain response in patients with IBD and secondary loss of response (SLR) to anti-TNF therapy due to antidrug antibodies. However, data regarding the long-term outcome of these patients are scarce. AIMS: We aimed to investigate drug retention in IBD patients of whom infliximab was optimized to overcome immunogenicity and variables associated with drug retention. METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicenter study of consecutive IBD patients with antibodies to infliximab (ATI), based on either proactive or reactive therapeutic drug monitoring, who underwent infliximab optimization (increasing dose, shortening interval, adding an immunomodulator, or combination) to overcome immunogenicity from September 2012 to July 2015; they were followed through December 2015...
January 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340679/effect-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-vs-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-on-weight-loss-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-the-sm-boss-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Ralph Peterli, Bettina Karin Wölnerhanssen, Thomas Peters, Diana Vetter, Dino Kröll, Yves Borbély, Bernd Schultes, Christoph Beglinger, Jürgen Drewe, Marc Schiesser, Philipp Nett, Marco Bueter
Importance: Sleeve gastrectomy is increasingly used in the treatment of morbid obesity, but its long-term outcome vs the standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure is unknown. Objective: To determine whether there are differences between sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in terms of weight loss, changes in comorbidities, increase in quality of life, and adverse events. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Swiss Multicenter Bypass or Sleeve Study (SM-BOSS), a 2-group randomized trial, was conducted from January 2007 until November 2011 (last follow-up in March 2017)...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340676/effect-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-vs-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-on-weight-loss-at-5-years-among-patients-with-morbid-obesity-the-sleevepass-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Paulina Salminen, Mika Helmiö, Jari Ovaska, Anne Juuti, Marja Leivonen, Pipsa Peromaa-Haavisto, Saija Hurme, Minna Soinio, Pirjo Nuutila, Mikael Victorzon
Importance: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for treatment of morbid obesity has increased substantially despite the lack of long-term results compared with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Objective: To determine whether laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass are equivalent for weight loss at 5 years in patients with morbid obesity. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Sleeve vs Bypass (SLEEVEPASS) multicenter, multisurgeon, open-label, randomized clinical equivalence trial was conducted from March 2008 until June 2010 in Finland...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340121/complications-of-transfusion-dependent-%C3%AE-thalassemia-patients-in-sistan-and-baluchistan-south-east-of-iran
#9
Maryam Yaghobi, Ebrahim Miri-Moghaddam, Naderi Majid, Ali Bazi, Ali Navidian, Asiyeh Kalkali
Background: Thalassemia syndromes are among prevalent hereditary disorders imposing high expenses on health-care system worldwide and in Iran. Organ failure represents a life-threatening challenge in transfusion- dependent β-thalassemia (TDT) patients. The purpose of the present study was to determine the frequency of organ dysfunctions among TDT patients in Sistan and Baluchistan province in South-East of Iran. Materials and Methods: Laboratory and clinical data were extracted from medical records as well as by interviews...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339473/identification-of-thioredoxin-interacting-protein-txnip-as-a-downstream-target-for-igf1-action
#10
Karthik Nagaraj, Lena Lapkina-Gendler, Rive Sarfstein, David Gurwitz, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor, Zvi Laron, Shoshana Yakar, Haim Werner
Laron syndrome (LS), or primary growth hormone (GH) insensitivity, is the best-characterized entity among the congenital insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) deficiencies. Life-long exposure to minute endogenous IGF1 levels is linked to low stature as well as a number of endocrine and metabolic abnormalities. While elevated IGF1 is correlated with increased cancer incidence, epidemiological studies revealed that patients with LS do not develop tumors. The mechanisms associated with cancer protection in LS are yet to be discovered...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338934/systematic-review-of-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-peripheral-neurostimulation-of-the-sphenopalatine-ganglion-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-chronic-cluster-headache
#11
L M Sánchez-Gómez, M Polo-deSantos, A Pinel-González, C Oreja-Guevara, S Luengo-Matos
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of peripheral neurostimulation of the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) in the treatment of refractory chronic cluster headache. DEVELOPMENT: Various medical databases were used to perform a systematic review of the scientific literature. The search for articles continued until 31 October 2016, and included clinical trials, systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses, health technology assessment reports, and clinical practice guidelines that included measurements of efficiency/effectiveness or adverse effects associated with the treatment...
January 12, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338845/protocolized-warfarin-reversal-with-4-factor-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-versus-3-factor-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-with-recombinant-factor-viia
#12
Cassie A Barton, Marissa Hom, Nathan B Johnson, Jon Case, Ran Ran, Martin Schreiber
INTRODUCTION: Life-threatening bleeding can complicate warfarin therapy. Rapid anticoagulant reversal via replacement of vitamin-K dependent clotting factors is essential for hemostasis. We compare two methods of rapid factor replacement for warfarin reversal. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of warfarin-treated patients experiencing life-threatening bleeding who received a reversal protocol comprised of 4F PCC or 3F PCC and rFVIIa was performed. Demographic, clinical and anticoagulant reversal information, and all adverse events attributed to warfarin reversal were recorded...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338800/a-preliminary-investigation-of-pathways-to-inflated-responsibility-beliefs-in-children-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Lindsey M Collins, Meredith E Coles
BACKGROUND: Cognitive theorists posit that inflated responsibility beliefs contribute to the development of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Salkovskis et al. (1999) proposed that experiencing heightened responsibility, overprotective parents and rigid rules, and thinking one influenced or caused a negative life event act as 'pathways' to the development of inflated responsibility beliefs, thereby increasing risk for OCD. Studies in adults with OCD and non-clinical adolescents support the link between these experiences and responsibility beliefs (Coles et al...
January 17, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338753/examining-within-and-across-day-relationships-between-transient-and-chronic-stress-and-parent-food-related-parenting-practices-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population-stress-types-and-food-related-parenting-practices
#14
Jerica M Berge, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Angela Fertig, Scott Crow, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Michael Miner
BACKGROUND: Although prior research suggests that stress may play a role in parent's use of food-related parenting practices, it is unclear whether certain types of stress (e.g., transient, chronic) result in different food-related parenting practices. Identifying whether and how transient (i.e., momentary; parent/child conflict) and chronic (i.e., long-term; unemployment >6 months) sources of stress are related to parent food-related parenting practices is important with regard to childhood obesity...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338688/transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-provides-more-favorable-clinical-outcomes-compared-with-conservative-medical-treatment-in-patients-with-urinary-retention-caused-by-benign-prostatic-obstruction
#15
Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chen-Pang Hou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Horng-Heng Juang, Phei-Lang Chang, Pei-Shan Yang, Chien-Lun Chen, Ke-Hung Tsui
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the long-term surgical outcomes of patients with urinary retention (UR) caused by a benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and compare their outcomes with those of patients who received medication without surgical intervention. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed claims data collected during the period of 1997-2012 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338677/vitamin-b-6-and-depressive-symptomatology-over-time-in-older-latino-adults
#16
Sandra P Arévalo, Tammy M Scott, Luis M Falcón, Katherine L Tucker
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin B-6 status has been linked to depressive symptomatology. We examined the longitudinal association of vitamin B-6 status with depressive symptomatology across 3-time points over ∼5-7 years in a cohort of older Hispanic adults. METHODS: We used two-level hierarchical linear regression models for continuous outcomes. Vitamin B-6 status was associated with depressive symptomatology across these time points. RESULTS: Plasma pyridoxyl-5-phosphate (PLP) concentration, a time-varying predictor, was significantly associated with depressive symptomatology...
January 16, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338659/enfranchising-grief-following-suicide-a-case-study-of-an-israeli-social-organization
#17
Zohar Gazit
Researchers have yet to explore suicide survivors' activities in social organizations, which was the present purpose. I studied an Israeli organization, Path to Life, by interviewing 16 members, attending 11 events, and examining media, online, and print information. Although mainly comprised of activists whose loss occurred in civilian circumstances, frame analysis revealed that the organization emphasizes connections between suicide and esteemed military-related death. By relying on a legitimate model of dealing with death, the activists provided meaning to suicide and promoted a socio-cultural change through drawing attention to a silenced death, upgrading the suicide victims' status, and enfranchising survivors' grief...
January 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338437/elderly-population-have-a-decreased-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-incidence-rate-than-middle-aged-population-a-descriptive-analysis-of-8-144-cases-in-mainland-china
#18
Yì Xiáng J Wáng, Lihong Zhang, Lin Zhao, Jian He, Xian-Jun Zeng, Heng Liu, Yun-Jun Yang, Shang-Wei Ding, Zhong-Fei Xu, Yong-Ming He, Lin Yang, Lan Sun, Ke-Jie Mu, Bai-Song Wang, Xiao-Hong Xu, Zhong-You Ji, Jian-Hua Liu, Jin-Zhou Fang, Rui Hou, Feng Fan, Guang-Ming Peng, Yue-Qi Zhu, Sheng-Hong Ju, Wai S Poon
PURPOSE: Rupture of an intracranial aneurysm is a life-threatening acute cerebrovascular event. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) incidence rate is higher or lower in elderly population than in middle aged population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aneurysmal SAH cases were collected retrospectively from the archives of 21 hospitals in Mainland China. All the cases were collected from September 2016 and backward consecutively for a period of time up to 8 years...
January 17, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338344/reappraisal-inventiveness-impact-of-appropriate-brain-activation-during-efforts-to-generate-alternative-appraisals-on-the-perception-of-chronic-stress-in-women
#19
Corinna M Perchtold, Andreas Fink, Christian Rominger, Hannelore Weber, Vera Loureiro de Assunção, Günter Schulter, Elisabeth M Weiss, Ilona Papousek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research indicated that more left-lateralized prefrontal activation during cognitive reappraisal efforts was linked to a greater capacity for generating reappraisals, which is a prerequisite for the effective implementation of cognitive reappraisal in everyday life. The present study examined whether the supposedly appropriate brain activation is relevant in terms of more distal outcomes, i.e., chronic stress perception. DESIGN AND METHODS: Prefrontal EEG alpha asymmetry was recorded while female participants were generating reappraisals for stressful events and was correlated with their self-reported chronic stress levels in everyday life (n = 80)...
January 16, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337384/dual-hormone-artificial-pancreas-benefits-and-limitations-compared-with-single-hormone-systems
#20
Tricia M Peters, Ahmad Haidar
Technological advances have made the artificial pancreas a reality. This has the potential to improve the lives of individuals with Type 1 diabetes by reducing the risk of hypoglycaemia, achieving better overall glucose control, and enhancing quality of life. Both single-hormone (insulin-only) and dual-hormone (insulin and glucagon) systems have been developed; however, a focused review of the relative benefits of each artificial pancreas system is needed. We reviewed studies that directly compared single- and dual-hormone systems to evaluate the efficacy of each system for preventing hypoglycaemia and maintaining glycaemic control, as well as their utility in specific situations including during exercise, overnight and during the prandial period...
January 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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