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Denisa Salihović, Dževdet Smajlović, Milija Mijajlović, Emina Zoletić, Omer Ć Ibrahimagić
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine impairments of certain cognitive functions in certain vascular cognitive syndromes and to identify predictors of dementia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-year prospective study included 275 patients, who were hospitalized at the Department of Neurology Tuzla and therefore fulfilled certain criteria. Patients were divided into following subgroups of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI): dementia of strategic infarct (DSI), cortical dementia (CD), sub cortical dementia (SCD), hemorrhagic dementia (HD), and patients without dementia...
May 19, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Laura S Peirone, Gustavo A Pereyra Irujo, Alejandro Bolton, Ignacio Erreguerena, Luis A N Aguirrezábal
Conventional field phenotyping for drought tolerance, the most important factor limiting yield at a global scale, is labor-intensive and time-consuming. Automated greenhouse platforms can increase the precision and throughput of plant phenotyping and contribute to a faster release of drought tolerant varieties. The aim of this work was to establish a framework of analysis to identify early traits which could be efficiently measured in a greenhouse automated phenotyping platform, for predicting the drought tolerance of field grown soybean genotypes...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
P P Li, B Li, Y T Wang, S H Liu, Y N Zhang, R Zhang, P Bai, X G Li, L Y Wu
Objective: To analyze the prognosis of Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cancer without high risk factors treated with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and radical hysterectomy. Methods: This retrospective study included patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage Ⅰ b2 and Ⅱ a2 cervical squamous cancer without high risk factors who underwent platinum-based NACT followed by radical surgery from January 2008 to January 2015. The responses of NACT were observed and compared in their effect on postoperative pathologic risk factors...
April 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Ramkrishna Kandel, Charles Y Chen, Craig R Grau, Ann E Dorrance, Jean Q Liu, Yang Wang, Dechun Wang
Soybean ( Glycine max L. Merr.) white mold (SWM), caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib) de Barry), is a devastating fungal disease in the Upper Midwest of the United States and southern Canada. Various methods exist to evaluate for SWM resistance and many quantitative trait loci (QTL) with minor effect governing SWM resistance have been identified in prior studies. This study aimed to predict field resistance to SWM using low-cost and efficient greenhouse inoculation methods and to confirm the QTL reported in previous studies...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Maurizio Bossola, Enrico Di Stasio, Emanuele Marzetti, Katja De Lorenzis, Gilda Pepe, Carlo Vulpio
PURPOSE: The symptom burden of fatigued hemodialysis patients is poorly known. We aimed to investigate possible differences in the prevalence and severity of symptoms between fatigued and not fatigued patients on chronic hemodialysis. METHODS: All prevalent patients on chronic hemodialysis referring to the Hemodialysis Service between January 2016 and June 2017 were considered eligible. The Dialysis Symptom Index (DSI) questionnaire was performed during the dialysis treatment...
May 4, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
G Krishnan, V Paul, T K Biswas, V S Chouhan, P J Das, V Sejian
The gradual increase of ambient temperature (TA) at high altitude can cause heat stress as an effect of climate change and may shift the traditional habitat of yak to further higher altitude. Therefore, an attempt has been made in this study to evaluate the thermo-adaptability of yaks to different seasons at high altitude. The adaptive capabilities of yaks were assessed based on different heat tolerance tests in relation to changes in rectal temperature (RT; °F), respiration rate (RR; breaths/min), pulse rate (PR; beats/min), and plasma heat shock protein (HSP) profile...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
Nicole Chemaly, Astrid Nehlig, Catherine Chiron, Rima Nabbout
BACKGROUND: Early onset epileptic encephalopathies are rare paediatric diseases, with seizures resistant to drugs and impacting development of cognitive and motor functions. Many of them show monogenic aetiology and engineered animal models are crucial to understand the underlying mechanisms and propose treatment trials. These models have mostly been explored in vitro or in vivo under anaesthesia. This may affect the occurrence of epileptic activities and their clinical expression. These study conditions perturb social skills and are limited in time...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Lewis E Zionts, Edward Ebramzadeh, Rebecca D Morgan, Sophia N Sangiorgio
BACKGROUND: Developed at the University of Iowa in 1950, the Ponseti method to manage idiopathic clubfoot deformity was slow to gain wide acceptance until the mid-1990s. There is a paucity of intermediate and long-term outcome studies involving this technique, with nearly all such studies coming from a single institution. The purpose of this study is to report the contemporary outcome of patients with clubfoot deformity whose feet were managed with the Ponseti method and who were followed to ≥5 years old, to provide outcome expectations for parents and for clinicians managing patients with idiopathic clubfoot...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Tianyang Li, Siyue Li, Richard T Bush, Chuan Liang
Silicon and carbon geochemical linkages were usually regulated by chemical weathering and organism activity, but had not been investigated under the drought condition, and the magnitude and extent of drought effects remain poorly understood. We collected a comprehensive data set from a total of 13 sampling sites covering the main water body of the largest freshwater lake system in Australia, the Lower Lakes. Changes to water quality during drought (April 2008-September 2010) and post-drought (October 2010-October 2013) were compared to reveal the effects of drought on dissolved silica (DSi) and bicarbonate (HCO3 - ) and other environmental factors, including sodium (Na+ ), pH, electrical conductivity (EC), chlorophyll a (Chl-a), total dissolved solids (TDS), dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and water levels...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Piero Custodio-Sánchez, Félix Damas-De Los Santos, Marco A Peña-Duque, Daniel Coutiño-Castelán, Eduardo Arias-Sánchez, Arturo Abundes-Velasco, Oscar Castro-Alvarado, Franklyn A Colon-Arias, Carlos Alvarenga-Fajardo, César Hernández-Fonseca, Erika Rodríguez-Barriga, Adolfo Hernández-Padilla
BACKGROUND: Reclassification of a large thrombus burden is an independent predictor of major adverse cardiac events and no-reflow in patients with ST- segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Patients with a greater residual thrombus burden have worse microvascular dysfunction and greater myocardial damage. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 833 STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The final residual thrombus burden was reclassified after the lesion was wired, and a thrombus aspiration or balloon dilatation was performed to restore and stabilise a thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 2-3 flow...
April 26, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
Jean Marçais, Alexandre Gauvain, Thierry Labasque, Benjamin W Abbott, Gilles Pinay, Luc Aquilina, François Chabaux, Daniel Viville, Jean-Raynald de Dreuzy
Estimating intermediate water residence times (a few years to a century) in shallow aquifers is critical to quantifying groundwater vulnerability to nutrient loading and estimating realistic recovery timelines. While intermediate groundwater residence times are currently determined with atmospheric tracers such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), these analyses are costly and would benefit from other tracer approaches to compensate for the decreasing resolution of CFC methods in the 5-20 years range. In this context, we developed a framework to assess the capacity of dissolved silica (DSi) to inform residence times in shallow aquifers...
April 26, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Jin Hui Zhu, Yan Dong, Jing Xiu Xiao, Yi Zheng, Li Tang
The main objective of this field experiment was to study the effects of wheat and faba bean intercropping on occurrence of wheat powdery mildew, nitrogen content, accumulation and allocation of wheat plant at 4 nitrogen levels of N0 (0 kg·hm-2 ), N1 (112.5 kg·hm-2 ), N2 (225 kg·hm-2 ), N3 (337.5 kg·hm-2 ), and to explore the relationship between N content, accumulation, allocation and the occurrence of wheat powdery mildew. The results showed that both monocropped and intercropped wheat yields increased with nitrogen application, with the highest yields of monocropped and intercropped wheat being 4146 kg·hm-2 and 4679 kg·hm-2 at N2 le-vel, respectively...
December 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Philipp P Caffier, Andreas Möller, Eleanor Forbes, Constanze Müller, Marie-Louise Freymann, Tadeus Nawka
Voice range profile (VRP) and evaluation using the dysphonia severity index (DSI) represent essentials of instrument-based objective voice diagnostics and are implemented in different standardized registration programs. The respective measurement results, however, show differences. The aim of the study was to prove these differences statistically and to develop a new parameter, the Vocal Extent Measure (VEM), which is not influenced by the measurement program. VRPs of 97 subjects were recorded by two examiners using the established registration programs DiVAS (XION medical) and LingWAVES (WEVOSYS) simultaneously...
2018: BioMed Research International
Karuna Rao, Namrata Priya, A L Ramanathan
Spatiotemporal variations of dissolved nutrients were studied along Gautami-Godavari mangrove ecosystem to delineate their sources and fate. Average values of nitrate (NO3 - ), dissolved silica (DSi) and phosphate (PO4 3- ) is 2.09 mg/l, 12.7 mg/l and 0.16 mg/l in wet season and 0.47 mg/l, 6.96 mg/l and 0.29 mg/l in dry season respectively. In wet season river discharge has significant influence on NO3 - and DSi. In dry season, NO3 - and PO4 3- are controlled by groundwater discharge, benthic exchange and various in situ processes owing to sediment redox condition...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Camille Ponté, Marion Lepelley, Quentin Boucherie, Michel Mallaret, Maryse Lapeyre Mestre, Vincent Pradel, Joëlle Micallef
BACKGROUND: The abuse of prescription opioids and its subsequent consequences is an important public concern particularly in the USA. The literature on opioid analgesic abuse is scarce. OBJECTIVE: We assess the extent and risk of opioid analgesics abuse relative to benzodiazepines (BZD) using the doctor shopping method, taken into account the pharmacological characteristics (dosage, route of administration, extended or immediate release). METHODS: We used SNIIRAM database covering 11...
April 4, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Laurette Guyonvarch, Thierry Hermitte, Frederic Duvivier, Clement Val, Anne Guillaume
OBJECTIVE: In order to analyze specific events while driving (such as a safety critical event [SCE] or secondary task), we were interested in studying whether driving behavior was unusual around the event. An indicator characterizing driving style (driving style indicator [DSI]) was estimated for each driver by using naturalistic data. The analysis of the gap in driving style could be calculated for a specific trip or even a time window and could help characterize events: a more risky situation when DSI was above average, increase in safety margins when under average...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Ben Barsties V Latoszek
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a five-week Novafon local vibration voice therapy (NLVVT) program for dysphonia treatment. METHODS: Eleven dysphonic subjects participated in this specific program. RESULTS: Treatment effects were assessed during (i.e. weekly) and after NLVVT. Large and significant treatment effects were revealed in acoustics (i.e. spectrography), and multiparametric indices (i.e. Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI), and Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI)) during and after NLVVT (all p values < ...
March 27, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Jaana Koistinen, Mervi Sjöblom, Kristian Spilling
Most algae do not use silicon in any form with one notable exception, diatoms. Silicon is a major constituent of diatoms. Diatoms are characterized by high growth rates and are often one of the key groups in forming algal blooms in natural waters, and as such it is an interesting group for cultivation. In this chapter we present methods for determining dissolved silica (DSi) and biogenic silica (BSi), oxide forms of silicon, based on colorimetric methods. BSi is determined after filtration and alkaline digestion...
March 27, 2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Yunchao Wu, Jingping Zhang, Songlin Liu, Zhijian Jiang, Xiaoping Huang
Based on one and a half years of observations (September 2015 to March 2017) in Daya Bay, we analysed the nutrient concentrations in aerosols and calculated dry deposition fluxes of nutrients. DON was the dominant species of TDN in aerosol particles, accounting for 63.3%. The mean values of DIP, DOP and DSi were 0.78, 0.61 and 2.6 nmol·m-3 , respectively. The mean fluxes of nutrients (TDN, TDP and DSi) from dry deposition during the field observation were 2150, 7.4 and 28.2 μmol·m-2 ·month-1 , respectively...
March 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Sajitha Biju, Sigfredo Fuentes, Dorin Gupta
Lentil (Lens culinaris, Medik.) is an important legume crop, which often experience drought stress especially at the flowering and grain filling phenological stages. The availability of efficient and robust screening tools based on relevant non-destructive quantifiable traits would facilitate research on crop improvement for drought tolerance. The objective of this study was to evaluate the drought tolerance of 37 lentil genotypes using infrared thermal imaging (IRTI), drought tolerance parameters and multivariate data analysis...
March 8, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
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