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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904536/relationship-between-differentiation-of-self-and-attitude-towards-physician-nurse-relationship-in-hospitals-isfahan-iran
#1
SeyedMeysam Jafary, Mousa Alavi, Alireza Irajpour, Tayebeh Mehrabi
BACKGROUND: Attitude towards physician-nurse relationship is fundamental to achieve health care quality. Such attitude maybe determined by some personality traits such as differentiation of self. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between differentiation of self and attitude to professional physician-nurse relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done in three hospitals in Isfahan in 2015. The study included all nurses and physicians...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891270/genetic-diversity-and-pathogenicity-of-fusarium-species-associated-with-fruit-rot-disease-in-banana-across-peninsular-malaysia
#2
Nur Baiti Abd Murad, Nik Mohd Izham Nik Mohamed, Shamarina Shohaimi, Nur Ain Izzati Mohd Zainudin
AIMS: The aims of this study are to identify the Fusarium isolates based on translation elongation factor (tef) 1α sequence, to determine the genetic diversity among isolates and species using selected microsatellite markers, and to examine the pathogenicity of Fusarium isolates causing fruit rot disease of banana. METHODS AND RESULTS: One-hundred thirteen microfungi isolates were obtained from fruit rot infected banana in Peninsular Malaysia. However, this study was focused on the dominant number of the discovered microfungi that belongs to the genus Fusarium...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887590/transcriptome-and-phytohormone-analysis-reveals-a-comprehensive-phytohormone-and-pathogen-defence-response-in-pear-self-cross-pollination
#3
Dongqing Shi, Chao Tang, Runze Wang, Chao Gu, Xiao Wu, Shi Hu, Jin Jiao, Shaoling Zhang
Candidate genes were identified and the role of phytohormones such as JA-Me and ABA in the synthesis of S-RNase was emphasized in pear self-incompatibility. Self-incompatibility (SI) occurs widely in flowering plants as an intraspecific reproductive barrier. This phenomenon promotes variation within species, but for some species such as Pyrus, SI is a nuisance rather than a benefit in agricultural production. Although many studies have been conducted on SI in pears, its mechanism remains unclear. In this study, high-throughput Illumina RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to identify SI-related genes in pear styles...
September 8, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869620/the-influence-of-the-cumulated-deformation-energy-in-the-measurement-by-the-dsi-method-on-the-selected-mechanical-properties-of-bone-tissues
#4
Anna M Makuch, Konstanty R Skalski, Marek Pawlikowski
PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to determine the influence of DSI test conditions, i.e., loading/unloading rates, hold time, and the value of the maximum loading force on selected mechanical properties of trabecular bone tissue. METHODS: The test samples were resected from a femoral head of a patient qualified for a hip replacement surgery. During the DSI tests hardness (HV, HM, HIT) and elastic modulus (EIT) of trabecular bone tissue were measured using the Micro Hardness Tester (MHT, CSEM)...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805100/older-adults-with-a-combination-of-vision-and-hearing-impairment-experience-higher-rates-of-cognitive-impairment-functional-dependence-and-worse-outcomes-across-a-set-of-quality-indicators
#5
Jacob G S Davidson, Dawn M Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: Hearing and vision impairment were examined across several health-related outcomes and across a set of quality indicators (QIs) in home care clients with both vision and hearing loss (or dual sensory impairment [DSI]). METHOD: Data collected using the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) were analyzed in a sample of older home care clients. The QIs represent the proportion of clients experiencing negative outcomes (e.g., falls, social isolation)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800355/work-related-stress-and-role-of-personality-in-a-sample-of-italian-bus-drivers
#6
Margherita Bergomi, Alberto Modenese, Enrica Ferretti, Angela Ferrari, Giuseppe Licitra, Roberto Vivoli, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Gabriella Aggazzotti
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that professional drivers are at risk of developing work-related stress. Stress may be responsible for a variety of adverse effects and may also be associated with an increased number of accidents. OBJECTIVE: Perform an integrated, objective and subjective evaluation of work-related stress in bus drivers, that also considered the role of personality traits. METHODS: Salivary α-amylase and cortisol were measured in 42 bus drivers...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793327/qtl-mapping-for-nine-drought-responsive-agronomic-traits-in-bread-wheat-under-irrigated-and-rain-fed-environments
#7
Vijay Gahlaut, Vandana Jaiswal, Bhudeva S Tyagi, Gyanendra Singh, Sindhu Sareen, Harindra S Balyan, Pushpendra Kumar Gupta
In bread wheat, QTL interval mapping was conducted for nine important drought responsive agronomic traits. For this purpose, a doubled haploid (DH) mapping population derived from Kukri/Excalibur was grown over three years at four separate locations in India, both under irrigated and rain-fed environments. Single locus analysis using composite interval mapping (CIM) allowed detection of 98 QTL, which included 66 QTL for nine individual agronomic traits and 32 QTL, which affected drought sensitivity index (DSI) for the same nine traits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791468/functional-outcomes-of-endoscopic-arytenoid-abduction-lateropexy-for-unilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-with-dyspnea
#8
Vera Matievics, Adam Bach, Balazs Sztano, Zsofia Bere, Zoltan Tobias, Paul F Castellanos, Andreas H Mueller, Laszló Rovo
In unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP), hoarseness is usually the leading symptom; however, the diminished airway might lead to breathing problems as well, especially with exertion. The application of the classic resection glottis enlarging or medialization procedures might shift the breathing and/or the voice to a worse condition. The non-destructive endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL) might be a solution for this problem. The aim of our study was to analyze the phonatory and respiratory outcomes of this treatment concept...
August 8, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714767/comparison-of-methods-of-calculating-dynamic-strength-index
#9
Paul Comfort, Christopher Thomas, Thomas Dos'Santos, Paul A Jones, Timothy J Suchomel, John J McMahon
PURPOSE: To determine the reliability and variability of dynamic strength index (DSI) calculated from squat jump (SJ) (DSI-SJ) versus countermovement jump (CMJ) (DSI-CMJ) peak force (PF) and to compare DSI values between methods. METHODS: Male youth soccer and rugby league players (n = 27; age = 17.2 ± 0.7 years; height = 173.9 ± 5.7 cm; body mass = 71.1 ± 7.2 kg) performed 3 trials of the SJ, CMJ and isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP), on two separate days. DSI was calculated by dividing the PF during each jump by the IMTP PF...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697606/dysphonia-in-adults-with-developmental-stuttering-a-descriptive-study
#10
Anél Botha, Elizbé Ras, Shabnam Abdoola, Jeannie Van der Linde
BACKGROUND: Persons with stuttering (PWS) often present with other co-occurring conditions. The World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) proposes that it is important to understand the full burden of a health condition. A few studies have explored voice problems among PWS, and the characteristics of voices of PWS are relatively unknown. The importance of conducting future research has been emphasised. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the vocal characteristics of PWS...
June 26, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662061/ultra-high-field-upper-extremity-peripheral-nerve-and-non-contrast-enhanced-vascular-imaging
#11
Shailesh B Raval, Cynthia A Britton, Tiejun Zhao, Narayanan Krishnamurthy, Tales Santini, Vijay S Gorantla, Tamer S Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy of Ultra-high field [UHF] 7 Tesla [T] MRI as compared to 3T MRI in non-contrast enhanced [nCE] imaging of structural anatomy in the elbow, forearm, and hand [upper extremity]. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A wide range of sequences including T1 weighted [T1] volumetric interpolate breath-hold exam [VIBE], T2 weighted [T2] double-echo steady state [DESS], susceptibility weighted imaging [SWI], time-of-flight [TOF], diffusion tensor imaging [DTI], and diffusion spectrum imaging [DSI] were optimized and incorporated with a radiofrequency [RF] coil system composed of a transverse electromagnetic [TEM] transmit coil combined with an 8-channel receive-only array for 7T upper extremity [UE] imaging...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655112/real-time-monitoring-of-the-degradation-of-cu-ii-edta-in-h2o2-uv-using-illumination-assisted-droplet-spray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#12
Hong Zhang, Na Li, Yingying Wang, Dandan Zhao, Jing He, Hong You, Jie Jiang
Illumination-assisted droplet spray ionization (IA-DSI) mass spectrometry was developed for in situ analysis and real-time monitoring of photolysis reactions. In IA-DSI, a photolysis reaction occurs on a corner of a cover slip positioned in front of a mass spectrometer, and the generated reaction intermediates are ionized via the corner and are directed to the inlet and analyzed by a mass spectrometer. IA-DSI is contaminant-free, low-cost and simple, and was demonstrated for in situ analysis and real-time monitoring of the degradation of Cu(II)-EDTA in H2O2/UV...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652965/a-protocol-for-manual-segmentation-of-medial-temporal-lobe-subregions-in-7%C3%A2-tesla-mri
#13
D Berron, P Vieweg, A Hochkeppler, J B Pluta, S-L Ding, A Maass, A Luther, L Xie, S R Das, D A Wolk, T Wolbers, P A Yushkevich, E Düzel, L E M Wisse
Recent advances in MRI and increasing knowledge on the characterization and anatomical variability of medial temporal lobe (MTL) anatomy have paved the way for more specific subdivisions of the MTL in humans. In addition, recent studies suggest that early changes in many neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric diseases are better detected in smaller subregions of the MTL rather than with whole structure analyses. Here, we developed a new protocol using 7 Tesla (T) MRI incorporating novel anatomical findings for the manual segmentation of entorhinal cortex (ErC), perirhinal cortex (PrC; divided into area 35 and 36), parahippocampal cortex (PhC), and hippocampus; which includes the subfields subiculum (Sub), CA1, CA2, as well as CA3 and dentate gyrus (DG) which are separated by the endfolial pathway covering most of the long axis of the hippocampus...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604372/adaptive-region-growing-with-maximum-curvature-strategy-for-tumor-segmentation-in-18-f-fdg-pet
#14
Shan Tan, Laquan Li, Wookjin Choi, Min Kyu Kang, Warren D D'Souza, Wei Lu
Accurate tumor segmentation in PET is crucial in many oncology applications. We developed an adaptive region-growing (ARG) algorithm with a maximum curvature strategy (ARG_MC) for tumor segmentation in PET. The ARG_MC repeatedly applied a confidence connected region-growing algorithm with increasing relaxing factor f. The optimal relaxing factor (ORF) was then determined at the transition point on the f-volume curve, where the volume just grew from the tumor into the surrounding normal tissues. The ARG_MC along with five widely used algorithms were tested on a phantom with 6 spheres at different signal to background ratios and on two clinic datasets including 20 patients with esophageal cancer and 11 patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)...
July 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603997/inhibition-of-human-ugt1a1-mediated-bilirubin-glucuronidation-by-polyphenolic-acids-impact-safety-of-popular-salvianolic-acid-a-b-containing-drugs-and-herbal-products
#15
Guo Ma, Ying Zhang, Wenyan Chen, Zhifang Tang, Xiaoming Xin, Ping Yang, Xiaoqin Liu, Weimin Cai, Ming Hu
Bilirubin-related adverse reactions (ADR, e.g., jaundice and hyperbilirubinemia) induced by herbs rich in certain polyphenolic acids are widely reported. However, the causes and the mechanisms underlying these ADR are not well understood. The purpose of this article is to determine the mechanism by which certain polyphenolic acids inhibit UGT1A1-mediated bilirubin glucuronidation, leading to jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia. We investigated in vitro inhibitory effects on bilirubin glucuronidation of salvianolic acid A (SAA), salvianolic acid B (SAB), danshensu (DSS), protocatechuic aldehyde (PA), and rosmarinic acid (RA), as well as two Salvia miltiorrhiza injections (DSI and CDI) rich in polyphenolic acids...
June 22, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594880/application-of-the-3d-slicer-chest-imaging-platform-segmentation-algorithm-for-large-lung-nodule-delineation
#16
Stephen S F Yip, Chintan Parmar, Daniel Blezek, Raul San Jose Estepar, Steve Pieper, John Kim, Hugo J W L Aerts
PURPOSE: Accurate segmentation of lung nodules is crucial in the development of imaging biomarkers for predicting malignancy of the nodules. Manual segmentation is time consuming and affected by inter-observer variability. We evaluated the robustness and accuracy of a publically available semiautomatic segmentation algorithm that is implemented in the 3D Slicer Chest Imaging Platform (CIP) and compared it with the performance of manual segmentation. METHODS: CT images of 354 manually segmented nodules were downloaded from the LIDC database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589958/astronomical-pacing-of-the-global-silica-cycle-recorded-in-mesozoic-bedded-cherts
#17
Masayuki Ikeda, Ryuji Tada, Kazumi Ozaki
The global silica cycle is an important component of the long-term climate system, yet its controlling factors are largely uncertain due to poorly constrained proxy records. Here we present a ∼70 Myr-long record of early Mesozoic biogenic silica (BSi) flux from radiolarian chert in Japan. Average low-mid-latitude BSi burial flux in the superocean Panthalassa is ∼90% of that of the modern global ocean and relative amplitude varied by ∼20-50% over the 100 kyr to 30 Myr orbital cycles during the early Mesozoic...
June 7, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573598/ecological-dissimilarity-among-land-use-land-cover-types-improves-a-heterogeneity-index-for-predicting-biodiversity-in-agricultural-landscapes
#18
Akira Yoshioka, Keita Fukasawa, Yoshio Mishima, Keiko Sasaki, Taku Kadoya
Land-use/land-cover heterogeneity is among the most important factors influencing biodiversity in agricultural landscapes and is the key to the conservation of multi-habitat dwellers that use both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Heterogeneity indices based on land-use/land-cover maps typically do not integrate ecological dissimilarity between land-use/land-cover types. Here, we applied the concept of functional diversity to an existing land-use/land-cover diversity index (Satoyama index) to incorporate ecological dissimilarity and proposed a new index called the dissimilarity-based Satoyama index (DSI)...
June 1, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557301/factors-influencing-the-quality-of-life-of-hemodialysis-patients-according-to-symptom-cluster
#19
Hye Yeung Shim, Mi-Kyoung Cho
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To identify the characteristics in each symptom cluster and factors influencing the quality of life of hemodialysis patients in Korea according to cluster. BACKGROUND: Despite developments in renal replacement therapy, hemodialysis still restricts the activities of daily living due to pain and impairs physical functioning induced by the disease and its complications. DESIGN: Descriptive survey. 230 dialysis patients aged >18 years...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551986/fate-and-effect-of-dissolved-silicon-within-wastewater-treatment-effluent
#20
Timothy J Maguire, Robinson W Fulweiler
In large rivers, the ratios of silicon (Si)/nitrogen (N)/phosphorus (P) have changed dramatically as anthropogenic additions of N or P are not matched by Si. Wastewater effluent is a recognized source of N and P to coastal environments. Few previous studies, however, have examined the Si load of a large wastewater plant's effluent or the molar ratios of Si/N and Si/P in effluent. We examine the annual flux of dissolved silicon (DSi) carried by effluent from the second largest treatment plant by flow in the United States (Deer Island Treatment Plant, DITP, Boston, MA)...
June 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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