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Kaouther Majouli, Assia Hamdi, Kamel Msaada, Abderraouf Kenani
This study was carried out with the objective to investigate the antibacterial activity of Hertia cheirifolia L. extracts against Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains including Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538), Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633), Bacillus licheniformis, Esherichia coli (ATCC 8739), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 9027), Salmonella enterica (CIP 8039) and Salmonella typhimirium. The results of this antibacterial screening showed that the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extracts had the best activity against the tested microorganisms...
October 18, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Zijian Wu, Xuemin Zheng, Min Gong, Ying Li
Foot ulceration is a major cause of morbidity in patients with diabetes, and abnormal peripheral neuropathy often results in hospitalization. Up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases and down-regulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 are noted to be distinctive biological functions of diabetic dermal fibroblasts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological effects of modified retinoids on diabetic fibroblasts. Myricetin, a natural compound, balances the TIMP1/MMP ratio and oxidative stress in diabetic fibroblasts...
September 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Xiang-Jun Tang, Kuan-Ming Huang, Hui Gui, Jun-Jie Wang, Jun-Ti Lu, Long-Jun Dai, Li Zhang, Gang Wang
As one of the natural herbal flavonoids, myricetin has attracted much research interest, mainly owing to its remarkable anticancer properties and negligible side effects. It holds great potential to be developed as an ideal anticancer drug through improving its bioavailability. This study was performed to investigate the effects of Pluronic-based micelle encapsulation on myricetin-induced cytotoxicity and the mechanisms underlying its anticancer properties in human glioblastoma cells. Cell viability was assessed using a methylthiazol tetrazolium assay and a real-time cell analyzer...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Shuxun Liu, Shaoyang Wang, Guanshen Yuan, Xiaoyu Ouyang, Yaran Liu, Baoqing Zhu, Bolin Zhang
This study investigated the evolution of phenolic compounds of bog bilberry syrup wine during a bottle-aging process, and further estimated the oak chip treatment on the wine color alteration. The wine was macerated with oak chips (2 or 5 g/L under light or medium toasting level) for 20 d and then bottle-aged for 6 mo. Results showed that the oak chip treatment significantly increased the content of phenolic compounds and enhanced the copigmented anthocyanin level before aging. It also resulted in an increase on a(*) and C(*) but a decrease on L(*) , b(*) , and H(*) of the wine...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Qianying Zhang, Zhike Li, Shuangchan Wu, Xiaofei Li, Ying Sang, Jian Li, Yunhui Niu, Hong Ding
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease occurring in the central nervous system. In the present study, we evaluated the function of myricetin on the alleviation of behavioral dysfunction and myelin protection in the cuprizone-induced demyelination model. Mice were daily fed with fodder including 0.2% cuprizone and were administrated myricetin (100 mg kg(-1)) by gavage administration for 5 weeks. The treatment of myricetin ameliorated hyper-locomotion and behavior impairment induced by cuprizone toxicity...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Jeevan K Prasain, Rajani Rajbhandari, Adam B Keeton, Gary A Piazza, Stephen Barnes
In the present study, anti-proliferative activities of cranberry derived flavonoids and some of their in vivo metabolites were evaluated using a panel of human bladder tumor cell lines (RT4, SCABER, and SW-780) and non-tumorigenic immortalized human uroepithelial cells (SV-HUC). Among the compounds tested, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, isorhamnetin (3'-O-methylquercetin), myricetin and quercetin showed strong concentration-dependent cell growth inhibitory activities in bladder cancer cells with IC50 values in a range of 8-92 μM...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
Yifei Wang, Ajay P Singh, Heather N Nelson, Amanda J Kaiser, Nicolette C Reker, Tisha L Hooks, Ted Wilson, Nicholi Vorsa
Cranberry is reported to have health benefits including prevention of urinary tract infections and other chronic diseases, due to the high content of polyphenols including flavonols and flavan-3-ols. The aim of this study was to determine the clearance of flavonol glycosides and flavan-3-ols and/or their metabolites in human urine. Ten healthy women volunteers ingested 240 ml cranberry juice containing flavonol glycosides. Urine samples were collected at 0, 90, 225 and 360 minutes post-ingestion. While flavan-3-ols were not detected, five flavonol glycosides common in cranberry were identified...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Ignacio Jofré, Cesar Pezoa, Magdalena Cuevas, Erick Scheuermann, Irlan Almeida Freires, Pedro Luiz Rosalen, Severino Matias de Alencar, Fernando Romero
Hypertension is a systemic condition with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide, which poses an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we demonstrated the antioxidant and vasodilator activity of Ugni molinae Turcz. (Murtilla) fruit, a berry native to Chile and proposed models to explain its modulatory mechanism in hypotensive response. Murtilla fruits were cultivated in a germplasm bank and submitted to chemical and biological analyses. The phenolic compounds gallic acid, Catechin, Quercetin-3-β-D-glucoside, Myricetin, Quercetin, and Kaempferol were identified...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Alexander Aliper, Aleksey V Belikov, Andrew Garazha, Leslie Jellen, Artem Artemov, Maria Suntsova, Alena Ivanova, Larisa Venkova, Nicolas Borisov, Anton Buzdin, Polina Mamoshina, Evgeny Putin, Andrew G Swick, Alexey Moskalev, Alex Zhavoronkov
Populations in developed nations throughout the world are rapidly aging, and the search for geroprotectors, or anti-aging interventions, has never been more important. Yet while hundreds of geroprotectors have extended lifespan in animal models, none have yet been approved for widespread use in humans. GeroScope is a computational tool that can aid prediction of novel geroprotectors from existing human gene expression data. GeroScope maps expression differences between samples from young and old subjects to aging-related signaling pathways, then profiles pathway activation strength (PAS) for each condition...
September 24, 2016: Aging
Gang Wang, Jun-Jie Wang, Li Du, Li Fei, Shing-Shun Tony To
This proposal seeks to study the potential therapeutic modality of chemoprevention and anticancer effects and mechanisms of the flavonoids from Cotinus coggygria Scop. on glioblastoma cancer. In the current study, the total flavonoids (TFs) isolated from Cotinus coggygria Scop. var. cinerea Engl. (Cotinus coggygria Scop.) and the major flavonoids of Cotinus coggygria Scop. (CCFs) were identified, and the inhibitory kinetics of TF and CCF on glioblastoma cell lines were calculated. We also investigated whether TF or CCF regulated the apoptotic mechanism in cellular models of glio-blastoma cells...
September 27, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Thuy Lan Nguyen, Anders Rusten, Mona Skogsrud Bugge, Karl Egil Malterud, Drissa Diallo, Berit Smestad Paulsen, Helle Wangensteen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Syzygium guineense has been traditionally used in Mali in West Africa for the treatment of different diseases such as stomach problems, wounds, inflammations and various female disorders. AIMS OF THE STUDY: (1) To perform an ethnopharmacological survey on the traditional use of S. guineense among Malian healers. (2) To isolate and identify chemical constituents from S. guineense leaves and to study their radical scavenging and enzyme inhibitory effects...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Danijela Vojta, Eva Marie Karlsen, Jens Spanget-Larsen
Myricetin (3,3',4',5,5',7'-hexahydroxyflavone) was investigated by linear dichroism spectroscopy on molecular samples partially aligned in stretched poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). At least five electronic transitions in the range 40,000-20,000cm(-1) were characterized with respect to their wavenumbers, relative intensities, and transition moment directions. The observed bands were assigned to electronic transitions predicted with TD-B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p).
September 13, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Mariola Belda, Desiré Sanchez, Elena Bover, Beatriz Prieto, Carolina Padrón, Dolores Cejalvo, Jose Miguel Lloris
Several studies have demonstrated the antioxidant capacity of seaweeds, which can be used for the development of biopharmaceuticals with extensive medical application. Antioxidant therapies appear to attenuate the organic deterioration originated by an excessive oxidative stress, which could prevent the harmful effects of various injuries such as ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) among others. Marine brown seaweeds play a significant role, as they are the only organisms on earth producing phlorotannins, which are polyphenols that exhibit important biological activity...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Abdelaaty A Shahat, Mansour S Alsaid, Syed Rafatullah, Mohammed O Al-Sohaibani, Mohammad K Parvez, Mohammed S Al-Dosari, Vassiliki Exarchou, Luc Pieters
BACKGROUND: Consumption of plant-derived nutraceuticals and crude drugs in traditional medicine is widely believed to confer beneficial effects in thwarting the progression of cardiovascular diseases. Rhus tripartita (family Anacardiaceae) has been traditionally used to treat a wide range of ailments. METHODS: In the present study we investigated the protective effects of an alcoholic extract of the stem part of Rhus tripartita male genotype (RTSM) on experimentally induced myocardial injury in rats...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Wasaporn Chanput, Narumol Krueyos, Pitiporn Ritthiruangdej
The complexity of in vitro anti-inflammatory assays, the cost and time consumed, and the necessary skills can be a hurdle to apply to promising compounds in a high throughput setting. In this study, several antioxidative assays i.e. DPPH, ABTS, ORAC and xanthine oxidase (XO) were used to examine the antioxidative activity of three sub groups of flavonoids: (i) flavonol: quercetin, myricetin, (ii) flavanone: eriodictyol, naringenin (iii) flavone: luteolin, apigenin. A range of flavonoid concentrations was tested for their antioxidative activities and were found to be dose-dependent...
September 3, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Shuxia Yan, Xianan Zhang, Xin Wen, Qiang Lv, Changjie Xu, Chongde Sun, Xian Li
Chinese bayberry (Morella rubra Sieb. et Zucc.) fruit have a diverse flavonoid composition responsible for the various medicinal activities, including anti-diabetes. In the present study, efficient simultaneous purification of four flavonoid glycosides, i.e., cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (1), myricetin-3-O-rhamnoside (2), quercetin-3-O-galactoside (3), quercetin-3-O-rhamnoside (4), from Chinese bayberry pulp was established by the combination of solid phase extract (SPE) by C18 Sep-Pak(®) cartridge column chromatography and semi-preparative HPLC (Prep-HPLC), which was followed by HPLC and LC-MS identification...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Li Zeng, Guowen Zhang, Suyun Lin, Deming Gong
Inhibition of α-glucosidase activity may suppress postprandial hyperglycemia. The inhibition kinetic analysis showed that apigenin reversibly inhibited α-glucosidase activity with an IC50 value of (10.5 ± 0.05) × 10(-6) mol L(-1), and the inhibition was in a noncompetitive manner through a monophasic kinetic process. The fluorescence quenching and conformational changes determined by fluorescence and circular dichroism were due to the formation of an α-glucosidase-apigenin complex, and the binding was mainly driven by hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonding...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Mario Caruana, Ruben Cauchi, Neville Vassallo
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are the most common age-related neurodegenerative disorders and hence pose remarkable socio-economical burdens to both families and state. Although AD and PD have different clinical and neuropathological features, they share common molecular mechanisms that appear to be triggered by multi-factorial events, such as protein aggregation, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress (OS), and neuroinflammation, ultimately leading to neuronal cell death. Currently, there are no established and validated disease-modifying strategies for either AD or PD...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
Shahira M Ezzat, Maha M Salama, Sayed H Seif El-Din, Samira Saleh, Naglaa M El-Lakkany, Olfat A Hammam, Maha B Salem, Sanaa S Botros
CONTEXT: Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) is a common traditional tea that has many biological activities. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the hepatoprotective effect and study the metabolic profile of the anthocyanin-rich extract of H. sabdariffa calyces (HSARE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hepatoprotective activity of HSARE was assessed (100 mg/kg/d for 4 weeks) by examining the hepatic, inflammatory, oxidative stress markers and performing a histopathological examination in rats with thioacetamide (TAA)-induced hepatotoxicity...
August 26, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Hongbing Zhang, Guoyong Xie, Mei Tian, Qian Pu, Minjian Qin
The fermented leaf of Ampelopsis grossedentata has been used as a beverage and folk medicine called "vine tea" in the southern region of China. In this paper, the optimum extraction conditions for the maximum recovery amounts of total flavonoids (TF), dihydromyricetin (DMY), myricitrin (MYG) and myricetin (MY) from natural Ampelopsis grossedentata leaves subjected to ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) were determined and optimized by using response surface methodology. The method was employed by the Box-Behnken design (BBD) and Derringer's desirability function using methanol concentration, extraction time, liquid/solid ratio as factors and the contents of TF, DMY, MYG and MY as responses...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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