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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809055/apoptotic-effect-of-astragalin-in-melanoma-skin-cancers-via-activation-of-caspases-and-inhibition-of-sry-related-hmg-box-gene-10
#1
Ok Heui You, Eun Ah Shin, Hyemin Lee, Ju-Ha Kim, Deok Yong Sim, Jung Hyo Kim, Younghwan Kim, Jae-Ho Khil, Nam-In Baek, Sung-Hoon Kim
Though Astragalin (kaempferol-3-glucoside) contained in Paeonia lactiflora and other plants was known to have anti-oxidant, antiinflammatory, and anti-tumor activity, the anti-tumor mechanism of Astragalin has never been reported in melanomas until now. Thus, in the present study, the underlying apoptotic mechanism of Astragalin isolated from Aceriphyllum rossii was elucidated in A375P and SK-MEL-2 melanoma cells. Astragalin exerted cytotoxicity in A375P and SK-MEL-2 cells in a concentration-dependent manner...
August 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807848/hydroalcoholic-extract-from-bark-of-persea-major-meisn-l-e-kopp-lauraceae-exerts-antiulcer-effects-in-rodents-by-the-strengthening-of-the-gastric-protective-factors
#2
Lincon Bordignon Somensi, Thaise Boeing, Benhur Judah Cury, Viviane Miranda Bispo Steimbach, Rivaldo Niero, Lauro Mera de Souza, Luisa Mota da Silva, Sérgio Faloni de Andrade
ETHOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Persea major (Meisn.) L.E. Kopp (Lauraceae) (botanical synonym: Persea pyrifolia (D. Don) Spreng, Persea pyrifolia Nees and Mart., Persea cordata var. major (Meisn.) Mez and Persea willdenovii Kosterm) is a medicinal plant native in the south of Brazil, where is popularly known as Pau de Andrade, Maçaranduba or Abacate-do-Mato. Its barks are commonly used to prepare an infusion which is administered orally or topically to treat ulcers and wounds, respectively...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806392/kaempferol-alleviates-the-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-in-rat-osteoarthritis-chondrocytes-via-suppression-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#3
Zhengling Zhuang, Guangqun Ye, Bin Huang
BACKGROUND This study was designed to examine the anti-inflammatory and anti-osteoarthritis (OA) effects of kaempferol in rat articular chondrocytes stimulated with interleukin-1β. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rat articular chondrocytes cultures were treated with interleukin-1β alone or with kaempferol (25, 50, 100, and 200 μM) and interleukin-1β. The effect of kaempferol on chondrocyte cells viability was measured by MTT assay. The effect on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) level were also assessed using the ELISA and Griess reagent, respectively, for kaempferol activity...
August 14, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805832/encapsulation-of-flavonoids-in-liposomal-delivery-systems-the-case-of-quercetin-kaempferol-and-luteolin
#4
Meigui Huang, Erzheng Su, Fuping Zheng, Chen Tan
The instability of dietary flavonoids is currently a challenge for their incorporation in functional foods. This study investigated the protective effects of liposome encapsulation on a variety of flavonoids and their interaction mechanisms. It was found that the incorporation of flavonoids into the liposomal membrane was strongly dependent on their structure and loading concentration. Liposomes loading quercetin and luteolin exhibited a relatively small size and homogeneous suspension compared to those loading kaempferol...
August 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804614/protective-effect-of-bioactive-compounds-from-echinophora-cinerea-against-cisplatin-induced-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-the-pc12-cell-line
#5
Yald Shokoohinia, Shekoufeh Khajouei, Farahnaz Ahmadi, Nastaran Ghiasvand, Leila Hosseinzadeh
OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to evaluate the protective effect of the compounds isolated from Echinophora cinerea (E. cinerea) against oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by cisplatin (CIS) in PC12 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six compounds were isolated as quercetrin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (QUE), osthol (OST), verbenone-5-O-β-D-glycopyranoside (VER), Isoimperatorin (ISO), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (KAM), and echinophorin B (ECH). For this study, we used MTT reduction assay for detection of protective effects of isolated compounds on CIS-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797651/biological-effects-and-chemical-characterization-of-iris-schachtii-markgr-extracts-a-new-source-of-bioactive-constituents
#6
Andrei Mocan, Gokhan Zengin, Adriano Mollica, Ahmet Uysal, Erdogan Gunes, Gianina Crișan, Abdurrahman Aktumsek
This study gathers information about the effects of different extracts (methanol and water) from rhizomes and aerial parts of Iris schachtii on selected enzymes (cholinesterases, alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase, tyrosinase and lipase) as well as on their antioxidant capacities and antimutagenic properties in relation with their phenolic composition. The chemical composition was assessed by determining total phenolic and flavonoid content as well as individual phenolic compounds by HPLC-DAD. Moreover, antioxidant abilities of the investigated extracts were tested by using different assays including free radical scavenging (DPPH and ABTS), reducing power (CUPRAC and FRAP), phosphomolybdenum and metal chelating, overall rhizomes being indicated as a superior source of antioxidant compounds...
August 7, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771187/herbal-supplement-in-a-buffer-for-dry-eye-syndrome-treatment
#7
Hung-Chang Chen, Zhi-Yu Chen, Tsung-Jen Wang, Victor J Drew, Ching-Li Tseng, Hsu-Wei Fang, Feng-Huei Lin
Dry eye syndrome (DES) is one of the most common types of ocular diseases. There is a major need to treat DES in a simple yet efficient way. Artificial tears (AT) are the most commonly used agents for treating DES, but are not very effective. Herbal extractions of ferulic acid (FA), an anti-oxidant agent, and kaempferol (KM), an anti-inflammatory reagent, were added to buffer solution (BS) to replace ATs for DES treatment. The cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory effects were examined in vitro by co-culture with human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) to obtain the optimal concentration of KM and FA for treating HCECs...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766970/effect-of-polyphenols-from-vicia-faba-l-on-lipase-activity-and-melanogenesis
#8
Ahmed E Allam, Alaa M Nafady, Toshinori Nakagawa, Naomichi Takemoto, Kuniyoshi Shimizu
Two new flavonoid glycosides, kaempferol 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1→6) (3''-acetyl)-β-D-galactopyranoside 1 and kaempferol 3-O-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-5-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside 2, along with six known ones 3-8 were isolated from the flowers of Vicia faba L. (Fabaceae). Methanol extract and the isolated compounds were tested against lipase and melanogenesis inhibition activities and resulted in that compound 2 showed 53 and 77% lipase inhibition activity in concentrations of 400 and 800 μg/mL, respectively...
August 2, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766621/detailed-phytochemical-characterization-and-bioactive-properties-of-myrtus-nivelii-batt-trab
#9
Wahiba Rached, Malika Bennaceur, Lillian Barros, Ricardo C Calhelha, Sandrina Heleno, Maria José Alves, Ana Maria Carvalho, Abderrazak Marouf, Isabel C F R Ferreira
The endemic Algerian myrtle, Myrtus nivelii Batt & Trab., was evaluated for its bioactive properties, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic and antibacterial activities, and correlated with the individual phenolic compounds identified in its crude aqueous extract and subsequent organic fractions (ethyl acetate and butanol). Flavonols, such as myricetin, kaempferol and quercetin glycoside derivatives, were the major phenolic compounds found, along with the presence of ellagitannins. The ethyl acetate fraction contained the highest amount of phenolic compounds, followed by the butanol fraction and, finally, the crude aqueous extract...
August 2, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755356/extraction-and-estimation-of-secondary-metabolites-from-date-palm-cell-suspension-cultures
#10
Poornananda M Naik, Jameel M Al-Khayri
The health benefits of dates arise from their content of phytochemicals, known for having pharmacological properties, including flavonoids, carotenoids, phenolic acids, sterols, procyanidins, and anthocyanins. In vitro cell culture technology has become an attractive means for the production of biomass and bioactive compounds. This chapter describes step-by-step procedures for the induction and proliferation of callus from date palm offshoots on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with plant growth regulators...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754304/a-natural-ccr2-antagonist-relieves-tumor-associated-macrophage-mediated-immunosuppression-to-produce-a-therapeutic-effect-for-liver-cancer
#11
Wenbo Yao, Qian Ba, Xiaoguang Li, Huiliang Li, Shoude Zhang, Ya Yuan, Feng Wang, Xiaohua Duan, Jingquan Li, Weidong Zhang, Hui Wang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor in the digestive tract with limited therapeutic choices. Although sorafenib, an orally administered multikinase inhibitor, has produced survival benefits for patients with advanced HCC, favorable clinical outcomes are limited due to individual differences and resistance. The application of immunotherapy, a promising approach for HCC is urgently needed. Macrophage infiltration, mediated by the CCL2/CCR2 axis, is a potential immunotherapeutic target. Here, we report that a natural product from Abies georgei, named 747 and related in structure to kaempferol, exhibits sensitivity and selectivity as a CCR2 antagonist...
August 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752969/-investigation-the-inhibitory-effects-of-kaempferol-on-rat-renalmesangial-cells-proliferation-under-high-glucose-condition
#12
Ni Chen, Peng-Ding Han, Wen Chen, Yan Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of kaempferol on rat renal mesangial cells under high glucose condition and explore its mechanism. METHODS: The HBZY-1 cells were divided into normal glucose group (5.5 mmol/L), high glucose group (25 mmol/L), 10 μmol/L kaempferol+high glucose group, and 30 μmol/L kaempferol+high glucose group. Cell proliferative ability was measured by MTT; cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry; mRNA and protein levels were determined by Real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively...
July 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750545/contribution-of-individual-flavonoids-in-lysimachia-species-to-the-antioxidant-capacity-based-on-hplc-dpph-assay
#13
Anita Toth, Eszter Riethmuller, Krisztina Vegh, Agnes Alberti, Szabolcs Beni, Agnes Kery
Quantitative phytochemical characterisation of the chief flavonoid aglycones in the hydrolysed Lysimachia extracts revealed the dominance of kaempferol, quercetin and myricetin in L. vulgaris, L. nummularia, L. punctata, L. christinae, L. ciliata and L. clethroides, respectively. Due to the significant radical scavenging capacity of the samples, the contribution of the individual aglycones to the total antioxidant activity became of interest. Therefore, a HPLC method coupled to pre-column DPPH scavenging assay was developed...
July 27, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749448/pharmacokinetic-study-of-biotransformation-products-from-an-anxiolytic-fraction-of-tilia-americana
#14
Virgilio Alfonso Juárez Ramírez, María Isabel Jiménez-Beltrán, Alejandro Zamilpa, Maribel Herrera-Ruiz, Rodolfo Abarca-Vargas, Galia Lombardo-Earl, Jaime Tortoriello, Enrique Jiménez-Ferrer
An anxiolytic fraction of Tilia americana standardized in tiliroside, rutin, quercitrin, quercetin glucoside, and kaempferol was obtained. After oral administration of the fraction, the above-mentioned flavonoids were not detected in plasma over 24 h. However, meta and para hydroxyphenylacetic acid and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (m-HPAA, p-HPAA and DOPAC) were monitored. These are the biotransformation compounds of the aglycones of kaempferol and quercetin; these aglycones are products of the other flavonoids present in the anxiolytic fraction...
July 27, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747554/kaempferol-induces-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-death-via-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-chop-autophagy-signaling-pathway
#15
Haiqing Guo, Wei Lin, Xiangying Zhang, Xiaohui Zhang, Zhongjie Hu, Liying Li, Zhongping Duan, Jing Zhang, Feng Ren
Kaempferol is a flavonoid compound that has gained widespread attention due to its antitumor functions. However, the underlying mechanisms are still not clear. The present study investigated the effect of kaempferol on hepatocellular carcinoma and its underlying mechanisms. Kaempferol induced autophagy in a concentration- and time-dependent manner in HepG2 or Huh7 cells, which was evidenced by the significant increase of autophagy-related genes. Inhibition of autophagy pathway, through 3-methyladenine or Atg7 siRNA, strongly diminished kaempferol-induced apoptosis...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746889/molecular-recognition-between-potential-natural-inhibitors-of-the-keap1-nrf2-complex
#16
Martiniano Bello, José Antonio Morales-González
Disrupting the Keap1-Nrf2 pathway enhances Nrf2 activity, which has been identified as an important approach for the prevention of different chronic diseases in which oxidative stress and inflammation are present, such as cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Based on the high potential to modulate antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties that the discovery of Keap1-Nrf2 protein-protein interaction inhibitors would represent, the utilization of some natural compounds has emerged as a promising strategy to identify new drugs...
July 23, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738692/flavonoid-profile-antioxidant-and-antiglycation-properties-of-retama-sphaerocarpa-fruits-extracts
#17
S Boussahel, F Cacciola, S Dahamna, L Mondello, A Saija, F Cimino, A Speciale, M Cristani
Retama sphaerocarpa occurs in the Mediterranean area of North-east Africa and in the Iberian Peninsula, and grows on a variety of soil types and climatic conditions. Used in Algerian folk medicine, it is a valuable species for revegetation and soil restoration. The aim of this study is to evaluate flavonoid composition and antioxidant and antiglycation properties of methanolic and aqueous extracts from R. sphaerocarpa fruits. HPLC-PDA/ESI-MS was used to identify/quantify flavonoid content. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by Folin-Ciocalteu, ORAC, FRAP, TEAC, and DPPH assays, and antiglycation capability by glucose/fructose-BSA assay...
July 24, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738536/effect-of-apigenin-kaempferol-and-resveratrol-on-the-gene-expression-and-protein-secretion-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-10-il-10-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#18
Marta Palacz-Wrobel, Paulina Borkowska, Monika Paul-Samojedny, Malgorzata Kowalczyk, Anna Fila-Danilow, Renata Suchanek-Raif, Jan Kowalski
Polyphenols such as apigenin, kaempferol or resveratrol are typically found in plants, including fruits, vegetables, herbs and spices, which have a wide range of biological functions such as antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, vasodilative, anticoagulative and proapoptotic. Discovering such multifunctional compounds in widely consumed plant-based products - ones that both inhibit the release of TNF-α from tissue macrophages and at the same time enhance the secretion of IL-10 - would be an important signpost in the quest for effective pharmacological treatment of numerous diseases that have an inflammatory etiology...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721659/antimicrobial-activity-of-selected-polyphenols-and-capsaicinoids-identified-in-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-and-their-possible-mode-of-interaction
#19
Meriem Mokhtar, Giovanna Ginestra, Fatma Youcefi, Angela Filocamo, Carlo Bisignano, Ali Riazi
Antimicrobial activity of pepper polyphenols and capsaicinoids (Coumarin, caffeic acid, narangin, kaempferol, rutin, quercetin, capsaicin, and dihydrocapsaicin) against 13 pathogen bacteria and three beneficial strains was studied using the disk diffusion and microdilution methods. In general, phenolic compounds had the most important activity with the highest inhibition zones obtained with caffeic acid (3.5-20.5 mm), quercetin (4.75-3.5 mm), and kaempferol (7-14 mm). In the determination of the minimal inhibitory concentrations, the effects of both quercetin and kaempferol were more important than caffeic acid...
July 18, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721446/rhamnolipids-enhance-in-vivo-oral-bioavailability-of-poorly-absorbed-molecules
#20
El-Sayed Khafagy, Mona F El-Azab, Mohamed E H ElSayed
PURPOSE: This report describes the effect of rhamnolipids (RLs) on the tight junctions (TJ) of the intestinal epithelium using the rat in-situ closed loop model. METHODS: We investigated the transport of 5 (6)-carboxyfluorescein (CF) and fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled dextrans with average molecular weights of 4.4 and 10 kDa (FD-4 and FD-10) when co-administered with different concentrations of RLs. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage assay and histopathological examination of treated intestinal loops were used to assess potential toxicity of RLs...
July 18, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
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