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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482137/intensive-care-implications-of-epidemic-thunderstorm-asthma
#1
Jai N Darvall, Matthew Durie, David Pilcher, Geoffrey Wigmore, Craig French, Dharshi Karalapillai, Forbes McGain, Edward Newbigin, Timothy Byrne, Vineet Sarode, Ben Gelbart, Andrew Casamento, John Dyett, Ashley Crosswell, Joseph Vetro, Joseph McCaffrey, Gopal Taori, Ashwin Subramaniam, Christopher MacIsaac, Anthony Cross, David Ku, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the environmental precipitants, treatment and outcome of critically ill patients affected by the largest and most lethal reported epidemic of thunderstorm asthma. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective multicentre observational study. Meteorological, airborne particulate and pollen data, and a case series of 35 patients admitted to 15 intensive care units (ICUs) due to the thunderstorm asthma event of 21-22 November 2016, in Victoria, Australia, were analysed and compared with 1062 total ICU-admitted Australian patients with asthma in 2016...
December 2018: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231046/best-practices-for-standardized-performance-testing-of-infrared-thermographs-intended-for-fever-screening
#2
Pejman Ghassemi, T Joshua Pfefer, Jon P Casamento, Rob Simpson, Quanzeng Wang
Infrared (IR) modalities represent the only currently viable mass fever screening approaches for outbreaks of infectious disease pandemics such as Ebola virus disease and severe acute respiratory syndrome. Non-contact IR thermometers (NCITs) and IR thermographs (IRTs) have been used for fever screening in public areas such as airports. While NCITs remain a more popular choice than IRTs, there has been increasing evidences in the literature that IRTs can provide great accuracy in estimating body temperature if qualified systems are used and appropriate procedures are consistently applied...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880157/the-melbourne-epidemic-thunderstorm-asthma-event-2016-an-investigation-of-environmental-triggers-effect-on-health-services-and-patient-risk-factors
#3
Francis Thien, Paul J Beggs, Danny Csutoros, Jai Darvall, Mark Hew, Janet M Davies, Philip G Bardin, Tony Bannister, Sara Barnes, Rinaldo Bellomo, Timothy Byrne, Andrew Casamento, Matthew Conron, Anthony Cross, Ashley Crosswell, Jo A Douglass, Matthew Durie, John Dyett, Elizabeth Ebert, Bircan Erbas, Craig French, Ben Gelbart, Andrew Gillman, Nur-Shirin Harun, Alfredo Huete, Louis Irving, Dharshi Karalapillai, David Ku, Philippe Lachapelle, David Langton, Joy Lee, Clare Looker, Christopher MacIsaac, Joseph McCaffrey, Christine F McDonald, Forbes McGain, Edward Newbigin, Robyn O'Hehir, David Pilcher, Shivonne Prasad, Kanishka Rangamuwa, Laurence Ruane, Vineet Sarode, Jeremy D Silver, Anne Marie Southcott, Ashwin Subramaniam, Cenk Suphioglu, Nugroho Harry Susanto, Michael F Sutherland, Gopal Taori, Philip Taylor, Paul Torre, Joseph Vetro, Geoffrey Wigmore, Alan C Young, Charles Guest
BACKGROUND: A multidisciplinary collaboration investigated the world's largest, most catastrophic epidemic thunderstorm asthma event that took place in Melbourne, Australia, on Nov 21, 2016, to inform mechanisms and preventive strategies. METHODS: Meteorological and airborne pollen data, satellite-derived vegetation index, ambulance callouts, emergency department presentations, and data on hospital admissions for Nov 21, 2016, as well as leading up to and following the event were collected between Nov 21, 2016, and March 31, 2017, and analysed...
June 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863367/insights-on-the-synthesis-crystal-and-electronic-structures-and-optical-and-thermoelectric-properties-of-sr-1-x-sb-x-hfse-3-orthorhombic-perovskite
#4
Nicholas A Moroz, Christopher Bauer, Logan Williams, Alan Olvera, Joseph Casamento, Alexander A Page, Trevor P Bailey, Ashley Weiland, Stanislav S Stoyko, Emmanouil Kioupakis, Ctirad Uher, Jennifer A Aitken, Pierre F P Poudeu
Single-phase polycrystalline powders of Sr1- x Sb x HfSe3 ( x = 0, 0.005, 0.01), a new member of the chalcogenide perovskites, were synthesized using a combination of high temperature solid-state reaction and mechanical alloying approaches. Structural analysis using single-crystal as well as powder X-ray diffraction revealed that the synthesized materials are isostructural with SrZrSe3 , crystallizing in the orthorhombic space group Pnma (#62) with lattice parameters a = 8.901(2) Å; b = 3.943(1) Å; c = 14...
June 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223064/patient-characteristics-incidence-technique-outcomes-and-early-prediction-of-tracheostomy-in-the-state-of-victoria-australia
#5
Andrew Casamento, Michael Bailey, Ray Robbins, David Pilcher, Stephen Warrillow, Angaj Ghosh, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy is a relatively common procedure in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. AIMS: To study the patient characteristics, incidence, technique, outcomes and prediction of tracheostomy in the State of Victoria, Australia. METHODS: We used data from the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database (ANZICS APD) and the Victorian Admitted Episode Dataset (VAED) to identify and match patients who had received a tracheostomy from 2004 to 2014...
April 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090393/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-web-based-registry-for-multiple-orphan-lung-diseases-the-australasian-registry-network-for-orphan-lung-disease-arnold-experience
#6
K Casamento, A Laverty, M Wilsher, J Twiss, E Gabbay, I Glaspole, A Jaffe
BACKGROUND: We investigated the feasibility of using an online registry to provide prevalence data for multiple orphan lung diseases in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: A web-based registry, The Australasian Registry Network of Orphan Lung Diseases (ARNOLD) was developed based on the existing British Paediatric Orphan Lung Disease Registry. All adult and paediatric respiratory physicians who were members of the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand in Australia and New Zealand were sent regular emails between July 2009 and June 2014 requesting information on patients they had seen with any of 30 rare lung diseases...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25380105/cost-consequence-analysis-of-antibiotic-impregnated-shunts-and-external-ventricular-drains-in-hydrocephalus
#7
REVIEW
Natalie C Edwards, Luella Engelhart, Eva M H Casamento, Matthew J McGirt
OBJECT: Despite multiple preventive strategies for reducing infection, up to 15% of patients with shunt catheters and 27% of patients with external ventricular drains (EVDs) may develop an infection. There are few data on the cost-effectiveness of measures to prevent hydrocephalus catheter infection from the hospital perspective. The objective of this study was to perform a cost-consequence analysis to assess the potential clinical and economic value of antibiotic-impregnated catheter (AIC) shunts and EVDs compared with non-AIC shunts and EVDs in the treatment of hydrocephalus from a hospital perspective...
January 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23804244/hfq-binding-changes-the-structure-of-escherichia-coli-small-noncoding-rnas-oxys-and-rpra-which-are-involved-in-the-riboregulation-of-rpos
#8
Charlotte A Henderson, Helen A Vincent, Alessandra Casamento, Carlanne M Stone, Jack O Phillips, Peter D Cary, Frank Sobott, Darren M Gowers, James E Taylor, Anastasia J Callaghan
OxyS and RprA are two small noncoding RNAs (sRNAs) that modulate the expression of rpoS, encoding an alternative sigma factor that activates transcription of multiple Escherichia coli stress-response genes. While RprA activates rpoS for translation, OxyS down-regulates the transcript. Crucially, the RNA binding protein Hfq is required for both sRNAs to function, although the specific role played by Hfq remains unclear. We have investigated RprA and OxyS interactions with Hfq using biochemical and biophysical approaches...
August 2013: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23659391/the-association-between-sedation-practices-and-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-intensive-care
#9
Am Jarman, Gj Duke, Mc Reade, A Casamento
Choice of sedation agent may influence duration of mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU). We conducted a retrospective observational analysis of 2102 consecutive mechanically ventilated ICU patients over an eight-year period at a Melbourne metropolitan hospital with a ten-bed general ICU to determine if propofol was associated with shorter duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) than midazolam. Data were extracted from the hospital administrative database, pharmacy supply order records and ICU database, to calculate rates of MV and tracheostomy, length-of-stay, propofol and midazolam infusion doses, illness severity and casemix and use of 'sedation scores' and 'sedation break' respectively...
May 2013: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20448818/electromagnetic-compatibility-testing-of-implantable-neurostimulators-exposed-to-metal-detectors
#10
Seth J Seidman, Wolfgang Kainz, Jon Casamento, Donald Witters
This paper presents results of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) testing of three implantable neurostimulators exposed to the magnetic fields emitted from several walk-through and hand-held metal detectors. The motivation behind this testing comes from numerous adverse event reports involving active implantable medical devices (AIMDs) and security systems that have been received by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). EMC testing was performed using three neurostimulators exposed to the emissions from 12 walk-through metal detectors (WTMDs) and 32 hand-held metal detectors (HHMDs)...
March 9, 2010: Open Biomedical Engineering Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18304014/improving-the-documentation-of-medical-emergency-team-reviews
#11
Andrew J Casamento, Catherine Dunlop, Daryl A Jones, Graeme Duke
OBJECTIVES: To improve the documentation of events surrounding medical emergency team (MET) calls and to audit the incidence of MET calls and subsequent patient outcomes. METHODS: Prospective audit and patient chart review before and after three simultaneous interventions: medical team education, addition of intensive care personnel to the MET and introduction of a dedicated medical documentation pro forma. Data collected included patient demographics (including outcomes), features of each MET call (criteria, timing and treatment) and the completeness of medical documentation using nine predetermined criteria...
March 2008: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8909703/applying-standardized-electromagnetic-compatibility-testing-methods-for-evaluating-radiofrequency-interference-with-ventilators
#12
J P Casamento, P S Ruggera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1996: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
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