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Olinto Santos Cardoso, Meire Coelho Ferreira, Edilausson Moreno Carvalho, Paulo Vitor Campos Ferreira, José Bauer, Ceci Nunes Carvalho
Introduction: The use of bioactive glasses to re-establish or increase mechanical properties of the root dentin may be an interesting alternative. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of root repair materials and bioactive glasses on the microhardness of human root dentin. Methods and Materials: Sixty-four sectioned palatal roots of human molars were prepared and two slices were obtained of the middle third of each root (one corresponding to the control group, without treatment, and the other to the experimental group)...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
Basam A E Ben-Arfa, Isabel M Miranda Salvado, José M F Ferreira, Robert C Pullar
Novel quaternary (67Si-24Ca-10Na-8P) glass powders were successfully synthesised by sol-gel followed by two alternative drying schedules, conventional drying (CD) and an innovative fast drying (FD) process (200 times quicker). The glasses were thermally stabilised at 550 °C, and then characterised by different complementary techniques. The samples showed very similar silica network structures, with the FD one having slightly lower degree of polymerisation than the CD sample. This less polymerised, more open, network structure exhibited an improved bioactivity in simulated body fluid (SBF), probably also due to the apparent presence of poorly crystalline HAp in the stabilised glass powder...
October 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Amirhossein Moghanian, Sadegh Firoozi, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Arman Sedghi
Lithium and strontium up to 10 mol% have been substituted for calcium in 58S bioactive glasses in order to enhance specific biological properties such as proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of cells as well as antibacterial activity. In-vitro formation of hydroxyapatite was studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Substitution of either Li or Sr for Ca in the composition had a retarding effect on the bioactivity while Li decreased and Sr increased the rate of ion release in the simulated body fluid solution...
October 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Zhaoyu Ba, Zhaoxiong Chen, Yufeng Huang, Du Feng, Qinghui Zhao, Jianguang Zhu, Desheng Wu
Introduction: It is predicted that with increased life expectancy in the whole world, there will be a greater demand for synthetic biomedical materials to repair or regenerate lost, injured or diseased tissues. Natural polymers, as biomedical materials, have been widely applied in the field of regenerative medicine. Materials and methods: By incorporation of nanoporous diopside bioglass (nDPB) into glia-din (GL) matrix, macro-nanoporous scaffolds of nDPB/GL composites (DGC) were fabricated by method of solution compressing and particles leaching...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Swati Midha, Sumit Kumar, Aarushi Sharma, Kulwinder Kaur, Xiaomeng Shi, Parichart Naruphontjirakul, Julian R Jones, Sourabh Ghosh
A major challenge in Bone tissue engineering is to develop patient-specific, defect-site specific grafts capable of triggering specific cell signaling pathways. We could programmably fabricate the 3D printed bone constructs via direct ink writing of silk-gelatin-bioactive glass (SF-G-BG) hybrids using two different compositions of melt-derived bioactive glasses (with and without strontium) and compared against commercial 45S5 Bioglass®. Physico-chemical characterization revealed that released ions from bioactive glasses inhibited the conformational change of Bombyx mori silk fibroin protein (from random coil to β-sheet conformation), affecting printability of the SF-G-BG ink...
July 11, 2018: Biomedical Materials
Seyed Mohammad Ahmadi, Aliasghar Behnamghader, Azadeh Asefnejaad
BACKGROUND: Bioactive glasses with different compositions have been extensively used as bone tissue engineering. Preparation, development and characterization of alginate pastes containing bioglass for bone repair applications were the purpose of this study. OBJECTIVE: The injectable bone pastes were produced from sol-gel derived bioactive glass nanoparticles with various CaO/P2O5 ratios of 19, 9.5 and 4.75 and sodium alginate solutions with different concentrations of 1, 2 and 4 wt...
July 3, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
F Azizi, H R Jalil, Z Nasiri, J Moshtaghian, F Esmaeili, A Doostmohammadi, L Shabani, E Ebrahimie
Tissue engineering, as a novel transplantation therapy, aims to create biomaterial scaffolds resembling the extracellular matrix in order to regenerate the damaged tissues. Adding bioactive factors to the scaffold would improve cell-tissue interactions. In this study, the effect of chitosan poly vinyl alcohol nanofibers containing carbon nanotube scaffold with or without active bioglass (BG+ /BG- ), in combination with neonatal rat brain extract (NRBE) on cell viability, proliferation and neural differentiation of P19 embryonic carcinoma (EC) stem cells was investigated...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Yanling Zhou, Long Gao, Jinliang Peng, Min Xing, Yan Han, Xiaoya Wang, Yuhong Xu, Jiang Chang
In this study, a novel Bioglass/albumin composite hydrogel with controllable injectability, good adhesiveness, and bioactivity, is developed by utilizing dual-functional bioactive ions released from Bioglass, which on one side controls the gelling time by creating an alkaline environment to regulate the cross-linking reaction between human serum albumin and succinimidyl succinate modified poly(ethylene glycol), and on the other side stimulates wound healing. The composite hydrogel exhibits adhesive property that is superior to clinically used fibrin and cyanoacrylate glues...
May 29, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
D Durgalakshmi, R Ajay Rakkesh, M Kesavan, S Ganapathy, T G Ajithkumar, S Karthikeyan, S Balakumar
In the present work, a crystallization-induced strontium-bioactive material, with a composition similar to Bioglass 45S5 system, was obtained using a sol-gel-assisted microwave method with nanorod morphologies of 30-80 nm in size. The effect of crystallization induced in the glass network, and its influence on the bioactivity and mechanical properties of bone and dentin regeneration, were the main novel findings of this work. Rietveld analysis of X-ray diffraction spectra showed the best fit with sodium (combeite, Na2Ca2Si3O9) and calcium (clinophosinaite, Ca2Na6O14P2Si2; calcium strontium silicate, Ca1...
June 25, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Maryam Khoroushi, Mohammad Reza Foroughi, Saeed Karbasi, Batool Hashemibeni, Abbas Ali Khademi
Scaffolds and their characteristics play a central role in tissue engineering. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB)/Chitosan/nano-bioglass (nBG) nanofiber scaffold made using the electrospinning method, on the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells obtained from human exfoliated deciduous teeth into odontoblast-like cells. In this experimental study, the pulps of the molten deciduous teeth were isolated, thereafter, the stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) were extracted and then the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to determine the cell viability percentage...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Samira Nokhasteh, Alireza Sadeghi-Avalshahr, Amir Mahdi Molavi, Mohammad Khorsand-Ghayeni, Hojjat Naderi-Meshkin
Bioactive glasses have shown some interesting biological properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradation, and angiogenesis in skin tissue engineering. In the current research, the effects of MgO- or CoO-doped 64S bioactive glass with a composition of 64 SiO2 -26 CaO-5 P2 O5 -5 MgO or CoO (mol%) were studied in relation with biological properties of electrospun [poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/collagen]. PLGA/collagen samples were rinsed in suspension of bioactive glass nanoparticles in distilled water with a concentration of 0...
May 11, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Paulo N Lisboa-Filho, Pedro Henrique S Gomes-Ferreira, Fábio R S Batista, Gustavo A C Momesso, Leonardo P Faverani, Roberta Okamoto
OBJECTIVE: This study proposes to evaluate, by means of microtomographic analysis, the topical potential of raloxifene combined with BioGran® through the sonochemical method in the repair of critical bone defects in the calvaria of rats. The hypothesis was that the homogenization of Raloxifene to Biogran at the 20% concentration would improve the bone repair at the grafted site. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 5-mm calvaria bone defect was induced in three groups: CTR (100% BioGran®); RAL10 (90% BioGran® and 10% raloxifene), and RAL20 (80% BioGran® and 20% raloxifene)...
December 2018: Connective Tissue Research
Mike Barbeck, Tiziano Serra, Patrick Booms, Sanja Stojanovic, Stevo Najman, Elisabeth Engel, Robert Sader, Charles James Kirkpatrick, Melba Navarro, Shahram Ghanaati
The aim of the present study was the in vitro and in vivo analysis of a bi-layered 3D-printed scaffold combining a PLA layer and a biphasic PLA/bioglass G5 layer for regeneration of osteochondral defects in vivo Focus of the in vitro analysis was on the (molecular) weight loss and the morphological and mechanical variations after immersion in SBF. The in vivo study focused on analysis of the tissue reactions and differences in the implant bed vascularization using an established subcutaneous implantation model in CD-1 mice and established histological and histomorphometrical methods...
December 2017: Bioactive Materials
Azadeh Motealleh, Siamak Eqtesadi, Antonia Pajares, Pedro Miranda
The effect of different polymeric coatings, including natural and synthetic compositions, on the mechanical performance of 45S5 bioglass robocast scaffolds is systematically analyzed in this work. Fully amorphous 45S5 bioglass robocast scaffolds sintered at 550 °C were impregnated with natural (gelatin, alginate, and chitosan) and synthetic (polycaprolactone, PCL and poly-lactic acid, PLA) polymers through a dip-coating process. Mechanical enhancement provided by these coatings in terms of both compressive strength and strain energy density was evaluated...
August 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Zaida Ortega, María Elena Alemán, Ricardo Donate
The use of fibers into scaffolds is a way to mimic natural tissues, in which fibrils are embedded in a matrix. The use of fibers can improve the mechanical properties of the scaffolds and may act as structural support for cell growth. Also, as the morphology of fibrous scaffolds is similar to the natural extracellular matrix, cells cultured on these scaffolds tend to maintain their phenotypic shape. Different materials and techniques can be used to produce micrfibers- and nanofibers for scaffolds manufacturing; cells, in general, adhere and proliferate very well on PCL, chitosan, silk fibroin, and other nanofibers...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Beijing Xue, Wenhao Wang, Litong Guo, Xuanru Ren, Xueyu Tao, Yinghuai Qiang
The titanium opaque porcelain was synthesized through sol-gel using borate-silicate system. The porcelain was characterized by DSC-TG, X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms and scanning electron microscope tests. The results of DSC showed that the nitrates could be decomposed completely when the bioglass xerogel precursor was heat-treated at 760 ℃. The XRD results showed that the Na2 Ca3 Si6 O16 was the major phase of the opaque porcelain. The synthesized opaque porcelain powders had an average particle size of about 5-25 µm with nanopores of around 50-70 nm on the surface...
July 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
A Sleibi, A R Tappuni, Graham R Davis, P Anderson, A Baysan
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of fluoride varnishes either casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) or bioglass particles on the severity index of root caries. METHODS: Visual-tactile assessments including lesion hardness was carried out to categorise the severity index of 80 extracted teeth with primary root caries. These teeth were randomly divided into four groups; CPP-ACP and fluoride, bioglass and fluoride, fluoride only, and no treatment...
June 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Lifeng Chen, Xianyan Yang, Rui Ma, Linghua Zhu
<b>Objective:</b> To evaluate the application of mechanically reinforced 45S5 Bioglass<sup>®</sup>-derived glass ceramic porous scaffolds for repair of bone defect in rabbits. <b>Methods:</b> The BG-ZnB powders were added into the 45S5 Bioglass<sup>®</sup> powder/paraffin microsphere mixtures and were sintered at 900℃ to obtain porous scaffolds with highly bioactive BG-ZnB of 0%, 2% or 4% of mass fraction (denoted as 45S5/ZnB0, 45S5/ZnB2, 45S5/ZnB4). Phase composition, porosity and compression properties of three kinds of as-sintered scaffolds were characterized by X-ray analysis, mercury porosimetry, and mechanical test...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
Chunrong Yang, Huazhong Wu, Shou Chen, Guangyu Kang
The development of scaffolds featuring spatiotemporal controlled release of drugs is highly desirable. The goal of this study is to construct an inhomogeneous scaffold with gradient pore structure from top layer to bottom layer. The scaffolds were prepared using bioglass (BG), phosphatidylserine (PS) and steroidal saponins (SS) loaded collagen (COL) microparticles as the main components. The resulting scaffold constructs were characterized in terms of their morphology, drug release kinetics and mechanisms, as well as macroscopic form stability and mechanical properties...
June 27, 2018: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Jae-Hyun Jung, Dong-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hyeon Yoo, Seog-Young Yoon, Yeon Kim, Moon-Kyoung Bae, Jin Chung, Ching-Chang Ko, Yong Hoon Kwon, Yong-Il Kim
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize a silver-doped bioactive glass/mesoporous silica nanoparticle (Ag-BGN@MSN), as well as to investigate its effects on dentinal tubule occlusion, microtensile bond strength (MTBS), and antibacterial activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ag-BGN@MSN was synthesized using a modified "quick alkali-mediated sol-gel" method. Demineralized tooth disc models were made and divided into four groups; the following treatments were then applied: group 1-no treatment, group 2-bioglass, group 3-MSN, group 4-Ag-BGN@MSN...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
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