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Ptsd and trauma treatment for non-veterans

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921143/individual-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-using-mantram-repetition-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Jill E Bormann, Steven R Thorp, Eric Smith, Mark Glickman, Danielle Beck, Dorothy Plumb, Shibei Zhao, Princess E Ackland, Carie S Rodgers, Pia Heppner, Lawrence R Herz, A Rani Elwy
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies suggest that group "mantram" (sacred word) repetition therapy, a non-trauma-focused complementary therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), may be an effective treatment for veterans. The authors compared individually delivered mantram repetition therapy and another non-trauma-focused treatment for PTSD. METHOD: The study was a two-site, open-allocation, blinded-assessment randomized trial involving 173 veterans diagnosed with military-related PTSD from two Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics (January 2012 to March 2014)...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864715/negative-posttraumatic-cognitions-among-military-sexual-trauma-survivors
#2
Kathryn K Carroll, Ashton M Lofgreen, Darian C Weaver, Philip Held, Brian J Klassen, Dale L Smith, Niranjan S Karnik, Mark H Pollack, Alyson K Zalta
BACKGROUND: Unique aspects of military sexual trauma (MST) may result in specific maladaptive cognitions among survivors. Understanding which posttraumatic cognitions are particularly strong among MST survivors could help clinicians target and improve treatment for these individuals. This study explored the impact of experiencing MST on posttraumatic cognitions among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Veterans enrolled in an Intensive Outpatient Program for PTSD (N = 226) were assessed for MST, PTSD severity, depression severity, and posttraumatic cognitions as part of a standard clinical intake...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807318/the-physical-and-mental-health-burden-of-obesity-in-u-s-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#3
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
In this study, we provide an updated estimate of the prevalence of obesity in U.S. military veterans, and evaluate a broad range of sociodemographic, military, physical and mental health, and lifestyle characteristics associated with obesity in this population. Data were analyzed from a nationally representative sample of 3122 U.S. veterans who participated in the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS). Associations between obesity status, and physical and mental health, and lifestyle variables were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression and linear regression analyses...
August 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755256/alliance-across-group-treatment-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-the-role-of-interpersonal-trauma-and-treatment-type
#4
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Scott D Litwack, Karen A Ryabchenko, Barbara L Niles, J Gayle Beck, William Unger, Denise M Sloan
Objective: Examine initial levels and pattern of change of alliance in group treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for veterans. Method: One hundred and seventy-eight male veterans with PTSD were recruited for this study. Participants were randomly assigned to either group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) or to group present-centered therapy (GPCT). Alliance with fellow group members was assessed every other session throughout the group (total of seven assessments)...
March 2018: Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601292/treatment-experiences-among-lgbt-veterans-with-discrimination-based-trauma-exposure-a-pilot-study
#5
Jillian C Shipherd, Mollie A Ruben, Nicholas A Livingston, Andrew Curreri, Avy A Skolnik
Past research suggests that rates of trauma exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are elevated among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) veterans compared to heterosexual and cisgender veterans. Given higher rates of trauma exposure and PTSD, and the culture associated with the Department of Defense's history of policies excluding LGBT people, it is important to understand if LGBT veterans are seeking PTSD treatment following discrimination-based traumatic events, where they seek care, and if they are satisfied with treatment...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334642/examining-the-latent-structure-mechanisms-for-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Margo C Hurlocker, Desirae N Vidaurri, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Kelly Maieritsch, C Laurel Franklin
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric illness that can be difficult to diagnose, due in part to its comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD). Given that researchers have found no difference in prevalence rates of PTSD and MDD after accounting for overlapping symptoms, the latent structures of PTSD and MDD may account for the high comorbidity. In particular, the PTSD Negative Alterations in Cognition and Mood (NACM) and Hyperarousal factors have been characterized as non-specific to PTSD...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488917/contrasting-gender-and-combat-versus-military-sexual-traumas-psychiatric-symptom-severity-and-morbidities-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#7
Minden B Sexton, Greer A Raggio, Lauren B McSweeney, Caitlin C Authier, Sheila A M Rauch
BACKGROUND: Military sexual trauma (MST) and military combat trauma (MCT) are significant risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, no studies have directly contrasted the clinical profiles of Veterans between military-related traumas. Moreover, a notable gender difference in the likelihood of trauma exposure limits our ability to disentangle gender and trauma type. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To address these gaps, we aimed at (1) contrasting psychiatric complaints in Veterans with MST versus MCT exposure and (2) investigating gender differences in Veterans with MST histories...
September 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728871/expressive-flexibility-in-combat-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression
#8
Rebecca Rodin, George A Bonanno, Nadia Rahman, Nicole A Kouri, Richard A Bryant, Charles R Marmar, Adam D Brown
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that the ability to flexibly express and suppress emotions ("expressive flexibility") supports successful adaptation to trauma and loss. However, studies have yet to examine whether individuals that meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or depression exhibit alterations in expressive flexibility. The present study aims to test whether lower levels of expressive flexibility are associated with PTSD and depression in combat-exposed veterans...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703434/a-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-based-exposure-therapy-in-oef-oif-combat-veterans-with-ptsd-altered-medial-frontal-cortex-and-amygdala-responses-in-social-emotional-processing
#9
Anthony P King, Stefanie R Block, Rebecca K Sripada, Sheila A M Rauch, Katherine E Porter, Todd K Favorite, Nicholas Giardino, Israel Liberzon
Combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among returning veterans, and is a serious and debilitating disorder. While highly effective treatments involving trauma exposure exist, difficulties with engagement and early drop may lead to sub-optimal outcomes. Mindfulness training may provide a method for increasing emotional regulation skills that may improve engagement in trauma-focused therapy. Here, we examine potential neural correlates of mindfulness training and in vivo exposure (non-trauma focused) using a novel group therapy [mindfulness-based exposure therapy (MBET)] in Afghanistan (OEF) or Iraq (OIF) combat veterans with PTSD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187513/a-pilot-study-of-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-ptsd-in-women-veterans
#10
Janice L Krupnick, Elizabeth Melnikoff, Matthew Reinhard
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aimed to determine whether interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) would be effective with a sample of women veterans who experienced military-related PTSD. METHOD: Women veterans presenting for mental health services through the Trauma Services Program at the Washington, DC, Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) were referred to the study by Veterans Affairs (VA) clinicians if they experienced trauma during their military service and scored > 35 on the PTSD Checklist-Military Version...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26718130/integrated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-versus-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-adults-with-depression-substance-use-disorder-and-trauma
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Moira Haller, Sonya B Norman, Kevin Cummins, Ryan S Trim, Xiaomin Xu, Ruifeng Cui, Carolyn B Allard, Sandra A Brown, Susan R Tate
The comorbidity of substance use disorder (SUD), depression, and PTSD is common among veterans. Prior research has shown that among veterans with SUD and depression, those with PTSD did not maintain cognitive-behavioral treatment gains as well as those without PTSD. Thus, the current study was designed to evaluate whether adding trauma-focused treatment following an initial group-based integrated cognitive behavioral treatment (ICBT) for SUD and depression improved treatment outcomes. Participants were 123 veterans (89% male) recruited from the VA San Diego Healthcare System...
March 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26610167/a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-of-dialogical-exposure-therapy-versus-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-adult-outpatients-suffering-from-ptsd-after-type-i-trauma-in-adulthood
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Willi Butollo, Regina Karl, Julia König, Rita Rosner
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), there is little research on treatments with non-cognitive-behavioural backgrounds, such as gestalt therapy. We tested an integrative gestalt-derived intervention, dialogical exposure therapy (DET), against an established cognitive-behavioural treatment (cognitive processing therapy, CPT) for possible differential effects in terms of symptomatic outcome and drop-out rates. METHODS: We randomized 141 treatment-seeking individuals with a diagnosis of PTSD to receive either DET or CPT...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26524282/the-influence-of-military-sexual-trauma-on-returning-oef-oif-male-veterans
#13
Sasha A Mondragon, David Wang, Lonique Pritchett, David P Graham, M Leili Plasencia, Ellen J Teng
Military sexual trauma (MST) encompasses experiences of sexual harassment and/or assault that occur during active duty military service. MST is associated with postdeployment mental health, interpersonal, and physical difficulties and appears to be more influential in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than other active duty experiences, including combat, among women veterans. Although some literature suggests that men who experience MST also evidence significant postdeployment difficulties, research in this area is lacking...
November 2015: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26524280/functional-correlates-of-military-sexual-assault-in-male-veterans
#14
Amie R Schry, Rachel Hibberd, H Ryan Wagner, Jessica A Turchik, Nathan A Kimbrel, Madrianne Wong, Eric E Elbogen, Jennifer L Strauss, Mira Brancu
Despite research findings that similar numbers of male and female veterans are affected by military sexual trauma (MST), there has been considerably less research on the effects of MST specific to male veterans. The aim of the present study was to provide preliminary data describing functional correlates of military sexual assault (MSA) among male Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans to identify potential health care needs for this population. We evaluated the following functional correlates: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression symptoms, alcohol use, drug use, suicidality, social support, violent behavior in the past 30 days, incarceration, disability eligibility status, and use of outpatient mental health treatment...
November 2015: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26241600/psychotherapy-for-military-related-ptsd-a-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#15
REVIEW
Maria M Steenkamp, Brett T Litz, Charles W Hoge, Charles R Marmar
IMPORTANCE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling psychiatric disorder common among military personnel and veterans. First-line psychotherapies most often recommended for PTSD consist mainly of "trauma-focused" psychotherapies that involve focusing on details of the trauma or associated cognitive and emotional effects. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of psychotherapies for PTSD in military and veteran populations. EVIDENCE REVIEW: PubMed, PsycINFO, and PILOTS were searched for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of individual and group psychotherapies for PTSD in military personnel and veterans, published from January 1980 to March 1, 2015...
August 4, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26164548/the-efficacy-of-recommended-treatments-for-veterans-with-ptsd-a-metaregression-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Joris F G Haagen, Geert E Smid, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Rolf J Kleber
Soldiers and veterans diagnosed with PTSD benefit less from psychotherapy than non-military populations. The current meta-analysis identified treatment predictors for traumatised soldiers and veterans, using data from studies examining guideline recommended interventions, namely: EMDR, exposure, cognitive, cognitive restructuring, cognitive processing, trauma-focused cognitive behavioural, and stress management therapies. A systematic search identified 57 eligible studies reporting on 69 treated samples. Exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy were more effective than EMDR and stress management therapy...
August 2015: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25971312/research-on-ptsd-prevalence-in-oef-oif-veterans-expanding-investigation-of-demographic-variables
#17
Lynnette A Averill, C J Eubanks Fleming, Pamela L Holens, Sadie E Larsen
BACKGROUND: A series of recent articles has reported on well-designed studies examining base rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) screenings within the Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan conflict)/Operation Iraqi Freedom (Iraq conflict) (OEF/OIF) military population. Although these studies have a number of strengths, this line of research points out several key areas in need of further examination. OBJECTIVE: Many OEF/OIF Veterans do not use available Veterans Affairs (VA) services, especially mental health care...
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25936409/smaller-hippocampal-volume-as-a-vulnerability-factor-for-the-persistence-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#18
S J H van Rooij, M Kennis, R Sjouwerman, M P van den Heuvel, R S Kahn, E Geuze
BACKGROUND: Smaller hippocampal volume has often been observed in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, there is no consensus whether this is a result of stress/trauma exposure, or constitutes a vulnerability factor for the development of PTSD. Second, it is unclear whether hippocampal volume normalizes with successful treatment of PTSD, or whether a smaller hippocampus is a risk factor for the persistence of PTSD. METHOD: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and clinical interviews were collected from 47 war veterans with PTSD, 25 healthy war veterans (combat controls) and 25 healthy non-military controls...
October 2015: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25892847/the-relationship-between-post-deployment-factors-and-ptsd-severity-in-recent-combat-veterans
#19
Kyle Possemato, Shannon McKenzie, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Joah Williams, Paige Ouimette
Combat traumas precipitate PTSD, however non-traumatic deployment and post-deployment factors may also contribute to PTSD severity. The Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory was used to investigate pre, peri and post-deployment factors associated with current PTSD severity in 150 recent combat veterans with PTSD and hazardous alcohol use. Hierarchal linear regression analyzed what factors independently predicted PTSD severity when controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and combat specific variables...
January 1, 2014: Military Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25397819/reductions-in-cortisol-associated-with-primary-care-brief-mindfulness-program-for-veterans-with-ptsd
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dessa Bergen-Cico, Kyle Possemato, Wilfred Pigeon
BACKGROUND: Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have significant medical morbidity, which may be mediated by hypothalamic pituitary axis (HPA) dysfunction and reflected in cortisol output. Many veterans with PTSD are hesitant to engage in trauma-focused exposure treatments; therefore briefer, non-exposure-based treatments are needed; one such promising approach is an abbreviated Primary Care brief Mindfulness Program (PCbMP). OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between dose-response to participation in a veterans PCbMP program and diurnal cortisol...
December 2014: Medical Care
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