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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231691/evaluation-of-diagnostic-performance-of-screening-thyroid-ultrasonography-us-and-imaging-findings-of-screening-detected-thyroid-cancer
#1
Jeongin Yoo, Hye Shin Ahn, Soo Jin Kim, Sung Hee Park, Mirinae Seo, Semin Chong
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance and cost of screening thyroid ultrasonography (US) in an asymptomatic population and determine the US features of screening-detected thyroid cancer. Materials and Methods: This study included 1845 asymptomatic participants who underwent screening thyroid US between March and August 2012 at the screening center in our hospital. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of screening thyroid US for thyroid cancer and the average cost of diagnosis for each patient...
February 24, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231679/-use-the-markov-decision-tree-model-to-optimize-vaccination-strategies-of-hepatitis-e-among-women-aged-15-to-49
#2
Z M Chen, S B Ji, X L Shi, Y Y Zhao, X F Zhang, H Jin
Objective: To evaluate the cost-utility of different hepatitis E vaccination strategies in women aged 15 to 49. Methods: The Markov-decision tree model was constructed to evaluate the cost-utility of three hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies. Parameters of the models were estimated on the basis of published studies and experience of experts. Both methods on sensitivity and threshold analysis were used to evaluate the uncertainties of the model. Results: Compared with non-vaccination group, strategy on post-screening vaccination with rate as 100%, could save 0...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231637/preen-oil-and-bird-fitness-a-critical-review-of-the-evidence
#3
Gregorio Moreno-Rueda
The uropygial gland is a holocrine complex exclusive to birds that produces an oleaginous secretion (preen oil) whose function is still debated. Herein, I examine critically the evidence for the many hypotheses of potential functions of this gland. The main conclusion is that our understanding of this gland is still in its infancy. Even for functions that are considered valid by most researchers, real evidence is scarce. Although it seems clear that preen oil contributes to plumage maintenance, we do not know whether this is due to a role in reducing mechanical abrasion or in reducing feather degradation by keratinophilic organisms...
February 23, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231618/the-patients-perspective-of-inr-self-testing-remote-communication-of-test-results-and-confidence-to-move-to-self-management
#4
Anne Grogan, Michael Coughlan, Geraldine Prizeman, Niamh o'Connell, Nora O'Mahony, Katherine Quinn, Gabrielle McKee
AIM: The aim of this study was to elicit the perceptions of patients, who self-tested their INR and communicated their results via a text or phone messaging system, to determine their satisfaction with the education and support that they received and to establish their confidence to move to self-management. BACKGROUND: Self-testing of INR has been shown to be reliable and is fast becoming common practice. As innovations are introduced to point of care testing, more research is needed to elicit patients' perceptions of the self-testing process...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231590/endotypes-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-biomarkers-based-on-a-mechanistic-insight-for-targeted-treatment
#5
Martin Wagenmann, Kathrin Scheckenbach, Adam M Chaker
Chronic rhinosinusitis is an umbrella term for several phenotypes and mechanistically distinct inflammatory diseases of the nose and the paranasal sinuses affecting around 11% of the population in Europe and the USA. Approximately 20% of the patients present with uncontrolled disease despite adequate treatment, and revision surgery is common. While a clinical characterization alone does not improve treatment results, novel but expensive biologics have increasingly become available, but they require a better understanding of the mechanism...
February 24, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231512/the-impact-of-third-generation-genomic-technologies-on-plant-genome-assembly
#6
REVIEW
Wen-Biao Jiao, Korbinian Schneeberger
Since the introduction of next generation sequencing, plant genome assembly projects do not need to rely on dedicated research facilities or community-wide consortia anymore, even individual research groups can sequence and assemble the genomes they are interested in. However, such assemblies are typically not based on the entire breadth of genomic technologies including genetic and physical maps and their contiguities tend to be low compared to the full-length gold standard reference sequences. Recently emerging third generation genomic technologies like long-read sequencing or optical mapping promise to bridge this quality gap and enable simple and cost-effective solutions for chromosomal-level assemblies...
February 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231406/fungal-adaptation-to-contemporary-fungicide-applications-the-case-of-botrytis-cinerea-populations-from-champagne-vineyards-france
#7
A-S Walker, V Ravigne, A Rieux, S Ali, F Carpentier, E Fournier
In addition to being one of the most acute problems impeding chemical control of fungal diseases, the evolution of fungicide resistance is an emblematic case of local adaptation to spatially heterogeneous and temporally variable selection pressures. Here we dissected the adaptation of Botrytis cinerea (the causal agent of grey mould) populations on grapes to several fungicides. We carried out a two-year survey (four collection dates) on three treated/untreated pairs of plots from vineyards in Champagne (France), and monitored the frequency of four resistant phenotypes that are unambiguously associated to four distinct genotypes...
February 23, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231369/estimation-of-partitioning-of-airflow-in-septal-surgery-a-prospective-study-with-reference-to-the-nose-scale
#8
Indranil Sen, Mainak Dutta, Dibakar Haldar, Ramanuj Sinha
Improper patient selection for septal surgery often has been found to result in therapeutic failure, and there needs to be an objective assessment of nasal obstruction before the surgery and for postoperative follow-up that can be applied in the routine otolaryngology practice. The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of a cost-effective device for objective measurement of the nasal airway partitioning in selecting patients for septal surgery and for postoperative outcome evaluation. A hospital-based, prospective, observational study was carried out in a tertiary-care teaching institution involving 74 patients waiting for septal surgery...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231356/using-ethical-frameworks-in-times-of-transition-and-uncertainty
#9
Eileen M Sullivan-Marx
Health care policy is never easy and always fraught with concerns about quality, access, and cost. Currently, uncertainty abounds regarding new federal and state policies on the horizon for older adult care and quality. Empirics undergird most policy-making decisions regarding risk/benefit, cost, and knowing the best action to put in place for the best results. However, in times of great change in policy direction and political viewpoints, empirical knowledge must be combined with ethical knowledge for planning and implementation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231316/a-balanced-solution-to-the-cumulative-threat-of-industrialized-wind-farm-development-on-cinereous-vultures-aegypius-monachus-in-south-eastern-europe
#10
Dimitris P Vasilakis, D Philip Whitfield, Vassiliki Kati
Wind farm development can combat climate change but may also threaten bird populations' persistence through collision with wind turbine blades if such development is improperly planned strategically and cumulatively. Such improper planning may often occur. Numerous wind farms are planned in a region hosting the only cinereous vulture population in south-eastern Europe. We combined range use modelling and a Collision Risk Model (CRM) to predict the cumulative collision mortality for cinereous vulture under all operating and proposed wind farms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231313/a-stochastic-hybrid-systems-based-framework-for-modeling-dependent-failure-processes
#11
Mengfei Fan, Zhiguo Zeng, Enrico Zio, Rui Kang, Ying Chen
In this paper, we develop a framework to model and analyze systems that are subject to dependent, competing degradation processes and random shocks. The degradation processes are described by stochastic differential equations, whereas transitions between the system discrete states are triggered by random shocks. The modeling is, then, based on Stochastic Hybrid Systems (SHS), whose state space is comprised of a continuous state determined by stochastic differential equations and a discrete state driven by stochastic transitions and reset maps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231261/a-natural-user-interface-to-integrate-citizen-science-and-physical-exercise
#12
Eduardo Palermo, Jeffrey Laut, Oded Nov, Paolo Cappa, Maurizio Porfiri
Citizen science enables volunteers to contribute to scientific projects, where massive data collection and analysis are often required. Volunteers participate in citizen science activities online from their homes or in the field and are motivated by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Here, we investigated the possibility of integrating citizen science tasks within physical exercises envisaged as part of a potential rehabilitation therapy session. The citizen science activity entailed environmental mapping of a polluted body of water using a miniature instrumented boat, which was remotely controlled by the participants through their physical gesture tracked by a low-cost markerless motion capture system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#13
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231177/the-goal-of-adequate-nutrition-can-it-be-made-affordable-sustainable-and-universal
#14
REVIEW
Ian McFarlane
Until about 1900, large proportions of the world population endured hunger and poverty. The 20th century saw world population increase from 1.6 to 6.1 billion, accompanied and to some extent made possible by rapid improvements in health standards and food supply, with associated advances in agricultural and nutrition sciences. In this paper, I use the application of linear programming (LP) in preparation of rations for farm animals to illustrate a method of calculating the lowest cost of a human diet selected from locally available food items, constrained to provide recommended levels of food energy and nutrients; then, to find a realistic minimum cost, I apply the further constraint that the main sources of food energy in the costed diet are weighted in proportion to the actual reported consumption of food items in that area...
November 30, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231148/potential-use-of-gamma-irradiated-ethnic-ready-to-eat-foods-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-landslide-victims
#15
REVIEW
Zubaidah Irawati Koenari, Carmen M Siagian, Bona Simanungkalit, Asti Nilatany, Indra Mustika Pratama, Deudeu Lasmawati, Cecep M Nurcahya
The safety and high quality of ethnic ready-to-eat foods as a source of nourishment and food supplies chain to the remote areas become particularly important. Consuming healthy and balanced nutritional foods means eating better quality foods in proper quantities. Such foods can be developed through a preservation technique by using ionizing radiation. Although implementation of the technology for certain foodstuffs has been implemented in some countries, application of the process to a complete set of meals for selected target groups is still very limited...
July 26, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231112/a-comparison-of-carbon-footprint-and-production-cost-of-different-pasta-products-based-on-whole-egg-and-pea-flour
#16
Antonia Nette, Patricia Wolf, Oliver Schlüter, Andreas Meyer-Aurich
Feed and food production are inter alia reasons for high greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions could be reduced by the replacement of animal components with plant components in processed food products, such as pasta. The main components currently used for pasta are semolina, and water, as well as additional egg. The hypothesis of this paper is that the substitution of whole egg with plant-based ingredients, for example from peas, in such a product might lead to reduced greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and thus a reduced carbon footprint at economically reasonable costs...
March 4, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231068/recent-advances-on-iron-oxide-magnetic-nanoparticles-as-sorbents-of-organic-pollutants-in-water-and-wastewater-treatment
#17
Angela M Gutierrez, Thomas D Dziubla, J Zach Hilt
The constant growth in population worldwide over the past decades continues to put forward the need to provide access to safe, clean water to meet human needs. There is a need for cost-effective technologies for water and wastewater treatment that can meet the global demands and the rigorous water quality standards and at the same maximizing pollutant efficiency removal. Current remediation technologies have failed in keeping up with these factors without becoming cost-prohibitive. Most recently, nanotechnology has been sought as the best alternative to increase access to water supplies by remediating those already contaminated and offering ways to access unconventional sources...
February 23, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231066/valuing-environmental-health-for-informed-policy-making
#18
Vojtěch Máca, Jan Melichar, Milan Ščasný, Markéta Braun Kohlová
BACKGROUND: Monetized environmental health impact assessments help to better evaluate the environmental burden of a wide range of economic activities. Apart from the limitations and uncertainties in physical and biological science used in such assessments, assumptions taken from economic valuation may also substantially influence subsequent policy-making considerations. AIM: This study attempts to demonstrate the impact of normative policy assumptions on quantified external costs using a case study of recently discussed variants of future coal mining and use of extracted coal in electricity and heat generation in the Czech Republic...
February 23, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231042/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-four-simulated-colorectal-cancer-screening-interventions-north-carolina
#19
Kristen Hassmiller Lich, David A Cornejo, Maria E Mayorga, Michael Pignone, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne-Marie Meyer, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Todd A Durham, Steven A Chall, Trisha M Crutchfield, Stephanie B Wheeler
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are suboptimal, particularly among the uninsured and the under-insured and among rural and African American populations. Little guidance is available for state-level decision makers to use to prioritize investment in evidence-based interventions to improve their population's health. The objective of this study was to demonstrate use of a simulation model that incorporates synthetic census data and claims-based statistical models to project screening behavior in North Carolina...
February 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230995/synthesis-of-high-quality-biodiesel-using-feedstock-and-catalyst-derived-from-fish-wastes
#20
Devarapaga Madhu, Rajan Arora, Shalini Sahani, Veena Singh, Yogesh Chandra Sharma
A low cost and high purity calcium oxide (CaO) was prepared from waste crab shells which were extracted from the dead crabs, used as efficient solid base catalyst in the synthesis of biodiesel. Raw fish oil was extracted from the waste parts of fish through mechanical expeller followed by solvent extraction. Physical as well as chemical properties of raw fish oil were studied and FFA's composition was analysed with GC-MS. Stable and high purity calcium oxide (CaO) was obtained when the material was calcined at 800 °C for 4 h...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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