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depression and health behaviors

Jordyn T Wallenborn, Anny-Claude Joseph, Whitney C Graves, Saba W Masho
Background: In the United States, major depressive disorder affects one in five women aged 20-40 years. During these childbearing years, depression can negatively impact maternal behaviors that are crucial for infant growth and development. This study examined the relationship between prepregnancy depression and breastfeeding duration by maternal age. Methods: Data from Phase 7 (2012-2013) of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (N=62,483) were analyzed...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Aspasia Tzeletopoulou, Victoria Alikari, Sofia Zyga, Maria Tsironi, Maria Lavdaniti, Paraskevi Theofilou
Aim: This study aims to examine the possible relation between depression and burnout as predictors to aggressive behaviors among mental healthcare professionals. Methods: For the purposes of this study 72 mental health care professionals were recruited and were evaluated in three questionnaires which were provided to them online. Firstly regarding depression, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was administered, secondly, concerning burnout, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was applied and finally, regarding aggression, the Aggression Questionnaire (GAQ) was employed...
October 2018: Medical Archives
Ilona Luoma, Marie Korhonen, Kaija Puura, Raili K Salmelin
Loneliness has potentially adverse effects on health and is often connected with depression, while maternal depression has been shown to have a harmful effect on many indicators of children's socioemotional outcomes. The prevalence of loneliness among first-time mothers and its associations with depressive symptoms, background factors, and child outcomes in middle childhood and adolescence were investigated in this longitudinal study. A sample of 122 mother-child dyads was collected from maternal health clinics in Tampere, Finland...
December 5, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Victoria Bell, Jorge Ferrão, Lígia Pimentel, Manuela Pintado, Tito Fernandes
Changes in present-day society such as diets with more sugar, salt, and saturated fat, bad habits and unhealthy lifestyles contribute to the likelihood of the involvement of the microbiota in inflammatory diseases, which contribute to global epidemics of obesity, depression, and mental health concerns. The microbiota is presently one of the hottest areas of scientific and medical research, and exerts a marked influence on the host during homeostasis and disease. Fermented foods and beverages are generally defined as products made by microbial organisms and enzymatic conversions of major and minor food components...
December 3, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Richa Gawande, My Ngoc To, Elizabeth Pine, Todd Griswold, Timothy B Creedon, Alexandra Brunel, Angela Lozada, Eric B Loucks, Zev Schuman-Olivier
BACKGROUND: Self-management of health is important for improving health outcomes among primary care patients with chronic disease. Anxiety and depressive disorders are common and interfere with self-regulation, which is required for disease self-management. An insurance-reimbursable mindfulness intervention integrated within primary care may be effective for enhancing chronic disease self-management behaviors among primary care patients with anxiety, depression, trauma, and stress-related and adjustment disorders compared with the increasingly standard practice of referring patients to outside mindfulness resources...
December 3, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Severin Hennemann, Sylvia Farnsteiner, Lasse Sander
Background: Mental disorders are characterized by a high likelihood of recurrence. Thus, aftercare and follow-up interventions aim to maintain treatment gains and to prevent relapse. Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) may represent promising instruments in tertiary prevention. This systematic review summarizes and evaluates the research on the efficacy of IMIs as aftercare or follow-up interventions for adults with mental health issues. Methods: A systematic database search (PsycInfo, MEDLINE, CENTRAL) was conducted and studies selected according to predefined eligibility criteria (RCTs, adult population, clinical symptoms/disorder, assessed with validated instruments, clinical-psychological intervention rationale, aftercare/follow-up intervention, web-/mobile-based, minimum follow-up measurement of three months, inclusion of a control group)...
December 2018: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
Maurizio Bussotti, Marinella Sommaruga
Background: Anxiety and depression are frequent disorders in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but despite this only less than one-fourth of them is treated. Our aim was to review the studies regarding the prevalence and the impact of anxiety and depression and to propose management challenges. Methods: A literature review regarding 1) anxiety and depression studies in PAH patients and caregivers, 2) psychological interventions, 3) slow breathing approach, and 4) pharmacological approach was performed, based on evidence of effectiveness through a search of the most well-known databases (Cochrane Library, Medline, PsychINFO [2004-2018])...
2018: Vascular Health and Risk Management
Honghui Yu, Xueyan Jiang, Wei Bao, Guifeng Xu, Rong Yang, Min Shen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) among pregnant women constitutes a global public health problem and a potential risk factor for adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. The present study aimed to examine the associations among IPV during pregnancy, prenatal depression, and adverse birth outcomes in Wuhan, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from April 2013 to March 2014 in Wuhan, China. Sociodemographic characteristics, IPV during pregnancy, and depressive symptoms during pregnancy were assessed in the third trimester of pregnancy...
December 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ali Boolani, David Schelly, Jeri Reid, Christopher Towler, Matthew L Smith, Alisha Ohl
AIMS: Graduate education in the healthcare professions can be stressful and mentally taxing. The objective of this study was to identify differences in health and health-related behaviors among graduate allied health students based on sex and curriculum stage (i.e., didactic or clinical education). METHODS: Participants (n=77) were assessed for body fat, BMI, resting metabolic rate (RMR), and peripheral arterial-venous O2 (AVO2), as well as a series of cognitive tasks and self-reported health and health-related behaviors...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Charles R Jonassaint, Chaeryon Kang, Kemar V Prussien, Janet Yarboi, Maureen S Sanger, J Deanna Wilson, Laura De Castro, Nirmish Shah, Urmimala Sarkar
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a severe hemoglobinopathy characterized by acute and chronic pain. Sufferers of the disease, most of whom are underrepresented minorities, are at increased risk for mental health disorders. The purpose of this study is to test the acceptability and implementation of a computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) intervention, Beating the Blues, to improve depression, anxiety, and pain in patients with SCD. Adults with SCD and significant symptoms of depression (Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9] score ≥ 10) or anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale [GAD-7] score ≥ 10) were eligible to participate and be randomized to either receive eight sessions of cCBT with care coach support or treatment as usual...
December 3, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Lu Luo, Congqin Li, Yu Deng, Yuyang Wang, Pingping Meng, Qiang Wang
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves functional and mental health in the patients with stroke. To investigate the potential mechanisms of HIIT on poststroke depression (PSD). METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, Sham, PSD, moderate intensity continuous training (MICT), and HIIT groups. After PSD model was successful made, the maximum speed (Smax) and the blood lactate threshold corresponding speed (SLT ) were measured...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Betsy Kennard, Taryn Mayes, Jessica King, Alexandra Moorehead, Kristin Wolfe, Jennifer Hughes, Brooke Castillo, Mikah Smith, Jacquelyn Matney, Brandon Oscarson, Sunita Stewart, Paul Nakonezny, Aleksandra Foxwell, Graham Emslie
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescents worldwide. There is an absence of effective and low cost treatment strategies for this growing public health problem. Current practice consists of brief hospitalization of acutely suicidal youth, but many get inadequate follow-up treatment. There are few alternatives to individual outpatient services offered at too low an intensity for an acutely distressed population. This paper describes the development, feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary clinical outcomes of an intensive outpatient program (IOP) for suicidal adolescents over a two-year period...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Sara Thomée
The purpose of this study was to carry out a review of observational studies that consider links between mobile phone use and mental health from a psychological or behavioral perspective. Systematic literature searches in PubMed and PsycINFO for articles published until 2017 were done. Exclusion criteria included: papers that considered radiofrequency fields, attention, safety, relational consequences, sexual behavior, cyberbullying, and reviews, qualitative, and case or experimental studies. A total of 4738 papers were screened by title and abstract, 404 were retrieved in full text, and 290 were included...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Janni Strøm, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Lene Bastrup Jørgensen, Niels Trolle Andersen, Malene Laursen
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of patients undergoing spine surgery have symptoms of anxiety and depression that correlate with pain, disability, and lower health-related quality of life. The use of web-based informative strategies before surgery and principles from cognitive behavioral therapy, have been applied in other patient groups, facilitating mobility and encouraging beneficial coping behavior. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of a web-based Spine Platform featuring Interaction and Information by Animation (w-SPIINA) on symptoms of anxiety and depression, pain, disability, and health-related quality of life...
November 27, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Adina C Rusu, Hannah Gajsar, Michael-Christian Schlüter, Yara-Inken Bremer
OBJECTIVES: Information processing biases such as attentional biases, interpretation biases and memory biases are supposed to play a role in the exacerbation and maintenance of chronic pain. Current research in the area of cognitive biases shows that all these biases seem to have an influence on attention to, interpretation of and recall of pain and can lead to maladaptive strategies and the exacerbation of pain. METHODS: We conducted a narrative literature review, considering evidence extracted from various databases including PubMed, MEDLINE, Science Direct and ProQuest...
November 28, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Doyanne A Darnell, Lea E Parker, Amy W Wagner, Christopher W Dunn, David C Atkins, Shannon Dorsey, Douglas F Zatzick
Despite high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among traumatically injured patients, engagement in session-based psychotherapy early after trauma is limited due to various service utilization and readiness barriers. Task-shifting brief mental health interventions to routine trauma center providers is an understudied but potentially critical part of the continuum of care. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of training trauma nurses to engage patients in patient-centered activity scheduling based on a Behavioral Activation paradigm, which is designed to counteract dysfunctional avoidance/withdrawal behavior common among patients after injury...
November 30, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Danica C Slavish, Nichole M Scaglione, Brittney A Hultgren, Robert Turrisi
College women experience more consequences (e.g., blacking out, unprotected/unwanted sex) on days when they engage in their heaviest drinking. To inform prevention efforts, research is needed to understand decision-making processes that influence women's drinking behaviors at the event level. The present study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods to examine: (1) associations between positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) and decision-making processes on days leading up to, during, and following heavy drinking events; and (2) mental health symptoms as moderators of these associations...
November 29, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Mark A Prince, Bradley T Conner
Cannabis use is associated with unwanted health outcomes, including anxiety, depression, poor sleep hygiene, and disrupted cognitive functioning. However, research to date has not been able to disentangle the complexities of these relations, leaving behavioral health service providers lacking clear direction for treatment. A limiting factor may be the common practices for cannabis use assessment. Cannabis use is typically assessed by frequency, even though to estimate the amount of psychoactive compounds ingested potency, quantity, and route of administration should also be assessed...
November 17, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
S Nazzari, P Fearon, F Rice, N Dottori, F Ciceri, M Molteni, A Frigerio
Accumulating evidence suggests that antenatal maternal stress is associated with altered behavioral and physiological outcomes in the offspring, however, whether this association is causal and the underlying biological mechanisms remain largely unknown. While the most studied mediator of maternal stress influences on the fetus has generally been cortisol, alternative novel markers of stress or inflammation warrant further consideration. The current investigation explored the influence of variations in self-reported symptoms of distress, stress hormones and inflammatory markers on infant birth outcomes and early stress regulation...
November 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Robert J Cramer, Susan Rasmussen, Wesley B Webber, Victoria L Sime, Caitlin Haile, Claire McFadden, Moira C McManus
BACKGROUND: Suicide prevention literature currently suffers from inconsistent measurement and incomplete theoretical development. AIMS: Using a recommended suicide measurement approach for epidemiological studies (i.e. the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R)), the present investigation assessed United Kingdom young adult suicide prevalence rates. This study also investigated the utility of a Preferences in Information Processing (PIP) model of suicide in identifying those at increased odds for elevated suicide risk, as well as lifetime ideation and attempt...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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