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depression and health behaviors

Andrea Lukács, Péter Sasvári, Emőke Kiss-Tóth
Objective This quantitative correlational design study aimed to examine the variation in adolescent health and lifestyle characteristics across self-reported physical activity (PA) and physical fitness (PF) levels. Methods Data were collected from 422 students (50.2% males) (16.33 SD = 1.66 y/o) attending a high school. An online questionnaire was used to gather data on the following characteristics: self-reported well-being, overall life satisfaction, depression (including self-harm and suicidal ideation), perceived health status, eating disorders, sleepiness, substance use (alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use), body mass index, PA participation and PF levels...
August 14, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Kenneth H Mayer
Since the turn of the current century, syphilis incidence and prevalence have been increasing more rapidly among men who have sex with men (MSM) than any other US subpopulation, exceeding their previously high rates in the 1970s and 1980s, before the AIDS epidemic. The reasons for these trends are multifactorial and complex, involving individual behavioral, sociocultural, structural, and biological factors, which will be reviewed in this article. Men who have sex with men tend to have more sexual partners than heterosexuals, and engage in practices (e...
September 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Elisa Torselli, Marcella Ottonello, Emilio Franceschina, Emanuele Palagi, Giorgio Bertolotti, Elena Fiabane
Purpose: The aims of this pilot study were to examine cognitive factors (brooding and craving) together with positive/negative metacognitive beliefs about alcohol during a residential program for alcohol addiction and to explore relationships with psychological variables at discharge, with the scope of identifying predictive factors of psychological outcome and patients at greatest risk of relapse. Methods: Thirty patients underwent a brief semistructured interview on admission to a 28-day rehabilitation program for alcohol addiction, and completed at admission and discharge the following five self-report questionnaires: 1) brooding (Brooding subscale of Ruminative Response Scale [B-RRS]), 2) craving (Penn Alcohol Craving Scale [PACS]), 3) positive beliefs about alcohol use (Positive Alcohol Metacognitions Scale [PAMS]), 4) negative beliefs about alcohol use (Negative Alcohol Metacognitions Scale [NAMS]), and 5) the psychophysical state of health (Cognitive Behavioral Assessment - Outcome Evaluation [CBA-OE])...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Nicholas Bott, Shefali Kumar, Caitlyn Krebs, Jordan M Glenn, Erica N Madero, Jessie L Juusola
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence supports the use of lifestyle interventions for preventing or delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease and other forms of dementia in at-risk individuals. The development of internet-delivered programs would increase the scalability and reach of these interventions, but requires validation to ensure similar effectiveness to brick-and-mortar options. OBJECTIVE: We describe the study design, recruitment process, and baseline participant characteristics of the sample in the Virtual Cognitive Health (VC Health) study...
August 13, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
Depressive symptoms and a history of mental disorders are associated with increased risk for dementia. Less is known about whether other aspects of psychological distress and negative self-beliefs also increase risk. The purpose of this research is to examine 1) whether eight aspects of psychological distress and self-beliefs (anxiety, negative affect, hostility, anger-in, anger-out, hopelessness, pessimism, perceived constraints) are associated with risk of incident dementia and cognitive impairment not dementia (CIND), 2) whether the associations are independent of depressive symptoms and history of a mental health diagnosis, and 3) whether the associations are also independent of behavioral, clinical, and genetic risk factors...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Binay Kayan Ocakoglu, Neslihan Edeer Karaca, Fevzi Tuna Ocakoğlu, Serpil Erermis
BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are such a chronic disorder may increase the prevalence of psychopathologies. There is sparse of studies which investigate the psychopathology and disease-related factors' effect on psychopathology in this population. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess and compare children with PIDs, who receive intravenous immunoglobulin treatment, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) and healthy controls with respect to their mental health status...
August 13, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Subin Park, Minji Lee, Se Jin Park, Min Geu Lee
This study was aimed to investigate the health risk behaviors and psychological problems among North Korean, other multicultural, and South Korean family adolescents. The data were collected from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior web-based survey (2011-2016) data set. A total of 17,195 adolescents (mean age 14.65 ± 0.01 years) were analyzed to compare health risk behaviors and psychological problems among the three groups. Concerning risk behaviors, multicultural family adolescents showed a higher rate of alcohol use, smoking, drug use and sexual relations compared to South Korean family adolescents...
July 30, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Eun-Ji Seo, Jeong-Ah Ahn, Laura L Hayman, Chun-Ja Kim
PURPOSE: This study examined whether depressive symptoms and health-promoting lifestyle behaviors mediate the association between perceived stress and quality of life (QoL) in university students. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey, Korean university students (N = 187, M age = 23.97 years; 54.0% female) completed structured questionnaires with psychometric adequacy. A parallel multiple mediation model was used to test the mediating effect of depressive symptoms and health-promoting lifestyle behaviors on the relationship between perceived stress and QoL...
August 10, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Samantha Fuld
Research findings suggest that behavioral interventions are effective in improving educational outcomes and fostering skill development in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, high rates of comorbidity between ASD and other psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety, indicate that standard behavioral approaches are not adequately addressing issues related to mental health in this population. Research emerging since the publication of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) is advancing our understanding of the nature of childhood stress and trauma in people with ASD and its subsequent impact on mental health and wellbeing...
2018: Clinical Social Work Journal
Florence J Dallo, Deepak Prabhakar, Julie Ruterbusch, Kendra Schwartz, Edward L Peterson, Bin Liu, Brian K Ahmedani
BACKGROUND: The authors compared proportions and associations of depression screening, major depression, and follow-up care of Arab Americans compared to non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, Asians, and Hispanics. METHODS: Administrative data was electronically abstracted from a large health system in metropolitan Detroit among 97,918 adult patients in 2014 and 2015. A valid and reliable surname list was used to identify Arab Americans. Using chi-squares, we examined the relationship between race/ethnicity and depression screening, major depression, and follow-up care...
August 12, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Sammi R Chekroud, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Amanda B Zheutlin, Martin Paulus, Harlan M Krumholz, John H Krystal, Adam M Chekroud
BACKGROUND: Exercise is known to be associated with reduced risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and diabetes, but its association with mental health remains unclear. We aimed to examine the association between exercise and mental health burden in a large sample, and to better understand the influence of exercise type, frequency, duration, and intensity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed data from 1 237 194 people aged 18 years or older in the USA from the 2011, 2013, and 2015 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System survey...
August 8, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Flavio Rose Epstein, Chi-Mei Liu, Janet Marie Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common after heart transplant, and in a regional heart transplant center servicing northern California, willingness to participate in treatment can be a major barrier. INTRODUCTION: Our primary aim is to design a remote cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention. This study is the first step in the process. Through a survey to the cohort of heart transplant recipients (N = 230), managed within the Kaiser Permanente Northern California's Heart Transplant Service, we aimed to assess symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety, patient willingness to participate in a CBT intervention, and preference between video and telephone...
August 10, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Jon E Grant, Sarah A Redden, Katherine Lust, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: This study sought to examine the occurrence of the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (amphetamines and methylphenidate) in a university sample and their associated physical and mental health correlates, including potential relationships with risky sexual practices. METHODS: A 156-item anonymous online survey was distributed via e-mail to a sample of 9449 university students. Current use of alcohol and drugs, psychological and physical status, and academic performance were assessed, along with questionnaire-based measures of impulsivity and compulsivity...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Ling Wang, Kenneth Rosenman
INTRODUCTION: We used data from the Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MIBRFSS) to estimate the prevalence of adverse health outcomes by industry and occupation and to examine the association of adverse health outcomes with industry and occupation while controlling for demographics and personal lifestyle behaviors. METHODS: We calculated the prevalence of adverse health outcomes by industry by using data from the 2013-2015 MIBRFSS. Adjusted prevalence of adverse health outcomes was calculated by industry and occupation by using logistic regression for survey design, adjusting for demographics and health behaviors, and was compared with the overall prevalence in all industries and occupations...
August 9, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
M Graça Pereira, Susana Pedras, Gabriela Ferreira
AimThis study examined the differences and the predictive role of clinical variables, illness representations, anxiety, and depression symptoms, on self-reported foot care adherence, in patients recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and assessed no longer than a year after the diagnosis (T1) and four months later (T2). BACKGROUND: The high rate of diabetes worldwide is one of the major public health challenges. Foot care is the behavior least performed by patients although regular foot care could prevent complications such as diabetic foot and amputation...
August 10, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Melak Menberu, Tesfa Mekonen, Telake Azale, Getinet Ayano, Solomon Yimer, Asmamaw Getnet, Amsalu Belete, Sitotaw Kerie, Wubalem Fekadu
Background: Depression is one of the most disabling and chronic mental illnesses. Despite its high burden, many people suffering from depression did not perceive that they had a treatable illness and consequently most of them did not seek professional help. The aim of this study was to assess the level of professional help-seeking behavior and associated factors among individuals with depression. Methods and materials: The community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among residents of Dessie, Northeast Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Chittaranjan Andrade
A recent study found that maternal antenatal depressive symptoms were associated with adverse infant general health outcomes and that gestational age, birth weight, and breastfeeding did not mediate the observed relationship. The authors suggested that antenatal depression can have a harmful effect on infant health through disturbed fetal programming driven by maternal symptoms and behaviors that influence the maternal and hence the fetal internal environment. The authors implied that interventions to diagnose and treat maternal depression can have a protective effect against disturbances in infant health...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Avita Rose Johnson, Meera George, B Ramakrishna Goud, T Sulekha
Introduction: Antepartum anxiety and depression are two of the most common risk factors for the development of postpartum depression. Women are at a higher risk of developing depression and suffering from mental disorders during pregnancy and the postnatal period. Psychopathological symptoms during pregnancy have physiological consequences for the fetus, such as impaired blood flow leading to low birth weight, as well as cognitive delay and behavioral problems. Objectives: To screen antenatal women for common mental health disorders and to determine the factors associated with mental health disorders during pregnancy...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Elizabeth E Devore, Shun-Chiao Chang, Olivia I Okereke, Douglas G McMahon, Eva S Schernhammer
Experimental studies indicate that perinatal light exposure has enduring effects on affective behaviors in rodents; however, insufficient research has explored this hypothesis in humans. We examined photoperiod (i.e., day length) metrics during maternal pregnancy in relation to lifetime depression in the longitudinal Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHS II. 160,723 participants reported birth date and birth state (used to derive daily photoperiod based on published mathematical equations), and clinician-diagnosed depression and antidepressant use throughout adulthood...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Jiana Wang, Shu Hu, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: The classroom environment plays a potentially important role in shaping the emotions and behavior of adolescents. However, few studies have focused on this factor. The aim of this study was to explore the association between the classroom environment and emotional and behavioral problems among Chinese adolescents while also considering personality-and family-related factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in November and December, 2009...
2018: PloS One
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