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depression and health behaviors

Martin Holtmann, Laura Mokros, Inken Kirschbaum-Lesch, Michael Kölch, Paul L Plener, Christian Ruckes, Michael Schulte-Markwort, Tanja Legenbauer
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are among the most prominent health problems in youth. Even with the best available pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, remission rates are low. Without early treatment, depression in youth is associated with a high risk of symptom progression, chronicity, co-morbidity, and suicidal behavior. Thus, adolescent depression is a prime candidate for innovation in treatment. In depressive adults, meta-analytic evidence has proven that bright light therapy (BLT) is a potent low-threshold intervention, promising due to easy application, low side effects, and optimized compliance...
October 19, 2018: Trials
Jaimee L Heffner, Kristin E Mull, Noreen L Watson, Jennifer B McClure, Jonathan B Bricker
BACKGROUND: The extent to which smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) differ from other smokers on cessation-related characteristics and outcomes is unknown and could improve knowledge of treatment needs for this group. These analyses compared smokers with BD versus smokers with other affective disorders (ADs; anxiety and unipolar depression) and smokers with no mental health conditions (MHCs). METHOD: Participants (n = 2570) were a subsample of those enrolled in a smoking cessation trial comparing two web-delivered intervention approaches: acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and cognitive behavioral therapy...
October 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Edith Chen, Tianyi Yu, Gregory E Miller, Gene H Brody
INTRODUCTION: The transition to adulthood can be stressful for minority adolescents, and many may cope through unhealthy behaviors, including substance use and obesity-related behaviors. This study tested substance use and obesity trajectories over time in African American youth, longitudinal associations of trajectories with mental and physical health in adulthood, and whether self-control and sex predict trajectories. METHODS: Two longitudinal studies of 516 and 992 African American adolescents...
October 16, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Margaret M Wrobleski, Elizabeth A Parker, Erin Hager, Kristen M Hurley, Sarah Oberlander, Brian C Merry, Maureen M Black
BACKGROUND: Adolescents' dietary intake often fails to meet national dietary guidelines, especially among low-income African-American youth. The dietary habits established in adolescence are likely to continue into adulthood, and a poor-quality diet increases the risk of developing obesity and chronic disease. Based on principles from ecological and social-cognitive behavior change health theories, perceptions of parental beliefs about healthy eating, perceptions of peer eating behaviors, and parental monitoring of what adolescents eat may positively influence adolescent diet quality...
October 15, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
S Tucker Price, Alexei O DeCastro, Clive D Brock
Sport-related concussions in youth and adolescent athletes most commonly resolve within one week without residual symptoms, with athletes resuming full participation following return to play guidelines. A small percentage of athletes have persistent symptoms that cause significant morbidity, some of whom are ultimately diagnosed with post-concussion syndrome. In these athletes, symptoms in the emotional domain can be more prolonged than other domains, with athletes reporting anxiety and depression months to years following injury...
October 18, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Burcu Yuksel, Pelin Dogan Ak, Aysu Sen, Hande Sariahmetoglu, Sibel Celiker Uslu, Dilek Atakli
Background and purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of early stage of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) on caregiver burden with disease severity, duration, disability and psychiatric symptoms. Methods: 30 IPD patient (15 female, 15 male) - caregiver (18 female, 12 male) pairs participated in the study. Hoehn and Yahr (H-Y) scale was used to provide the assessment of disease progression and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) was used for assessing disability and impairment...
September 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Saliha Baykal, Melih Nuri Karakurt, Mahmut Çakır, Koray Karabekiroğlu
High stress levels and impairment of physical/mental health in parents can delay early and effective intervention in autism. The purpose of this study was to examine relations between the clinical characteristics of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and caregiver burden, and anxiety and depression levels. Seventy cases under monitoring at the Namık Kemal University Medical Faculty Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Polyclinic with a diagnosis of ASD, and their principal caregivers, were included in the study...
October 17, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Vajihe Atashi, Shahnaz Kohan, Zahra Salehi, Kobra Salehi
BACKGROUND: Considering the importance of attachment in child's development and mother's health, various related factors and also lack of necessary information in this regard in our country, the research team decides to conduct this study to evaluate maternal-fetal attachment during pregnancy, its changes and post-partum consequences on mother-infant relationship. This process should be studied during pregnancy and also after delivery so that the effect of related factors and the changes in attachment over time could be determined and comprehensible information about the effective underlying conditions on this issue would be gathered...
October 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
María de la Paz Maino, Susana Morales, Orietta Echávarri, Jorge Barros, Arnol García, Claudia Moya, Tita Szmulewicz, Ronit Fischman, Catalina Núñez, Alemka Tomicic
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical and sociodemographic factors that increase or decrease suicidal risk in a clinical sample of subjects seeking mental health care. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was performed at three health centers in Santiago, Chile. The Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), Depressive Experience Questionnaire (DEQ), Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45.2), Reasons for Living Inventory (RFL), and State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI-2), in addition to a sociodemographic survey, were applied to 544 participants (333 with suicidal behavior and 211 without current suicidal behavior)...
October 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
W Häuser, T Schubert, N Scherbaum, T Tölle
BACKGROUND: One major concern of long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) is the risk of abuse of prescribed opioids. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and predictors of opioid use-related hospitalizations and potential abuse of prescribed opioids by persons with LTOT for CNCP in a sample representative of the German statutory health insurance companies. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study in 2014. Anonymized German health claims database, including 4,028,618 insured individuals of 69 German statutory health insurances...
October 16, 2018: Der Schmerz
Lina Maria Matthies, Markus Wallwiener, Christof Sohn, Corinna Reck, Mitho Müller, Stephanie Wallwiener
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual dysfunction is known to have a huge impact on quality of life and is highly prevalent during the peripartum period. Several influencing variables were found to be associated with impaired sexual function postpartum, among them breastfeeding and partnership quality. However, little is known about the predictive value of these variables. Therefore, this longitudinal cohort study aimed to examine prospectively the influence of the two variables on sexual function 4-month postpartum...
October 16, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
R J Fredericksen, F M Yang, L E Gibbons, T C Edwards, S Brown, E Fitzsimmons, K Alperovitz-Bichell, M Godfrey, A Wang, A Church, C Gutierrez, E Paez, L Dant, S Loo, M Walcott, M J Mugavero, K H Mayer, W C Mathews, D L Patrick, P K Crane, H M Crane
BACKGROUND: Providers are often unaware of poor adherence to prescribed medications for their patients with chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To develop brief, computer-administered patient-reported measures in English and Spanish assessing adherence behaviors and barriers. Design, Participants, and Main Measures: Item pools were constructed from existing measures of medication adherence behaviors and barriers, which informed development of a patient concept elicitation interview guide to identify medication adherence behavior and barrier-related concepts...
October 5, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Esther Jacobs, Miguel Tamayo, Joachim Rosenbauer, Matthias B Schulze, Oliver Kuss, Wolfgang Rathmann
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists on the impact of diabetes risk scores, e.g. on physicians and patient's behavior, perceived risk of persons, shared-decision making and particularly on patient's health. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of a non-invasive type 2 diabetes risk prediction model in the primary health care setting as component of routine health checks on change in physical activity. METHODS: Parallel group cluster randomized controlled trial including 30 primary care physicians (PCPs) and 300 participants in the region of Düsseldorf and surrounding urban and rural municipalities, West Germany...
October 16, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Wenjia Zhu, Samuel Bazzi, Angela R Bazzi
OBJECTIVES: To identify the ways in which HIV seroconversion impacts subsequent health behaviors in the context of evolving HIV treatment technologies. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: We assessed changes in health and HIV risk behaviors following HIV seroconversion both before and after HIV treatment access (i.e., highly active antiretroviral therapy; HAART) in the United States by drawing from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, which collected data from men who have sex with men (n = 4616) in four U...
October 15, 2018: AIDS
Tjitte Verbeek, Loes Quittner, Paul de Cock, Nynke de Groot, Claudi L H Bockting, Huibert Burger
BACKGROUND: Although personality as well as anxiety and depression are recognized as predictors for breastfeeding initiation, evidence of an association of these factors with 6 months' exclusive breastfeeding as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) is sparse. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations of personality and symptoms of anxiety and depression during and after pregnancy with meeting the WHO recommendation of 6 months' exclusive breastfeeding...
October 15, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Foruhar Moayeri, David Dunt, Ya-Seng Arthur Hsueh, Colleen Doyle
PURPOSE: Depression and anxiety are commonly comorbid in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and associated with high health services utilization and deterioration of the quality of life. This study evaluated the cost-utility of telephone-based cognitive behavioural therapy (TB-CBT) (experimental arm) in comparison with a placebo-befriending (control arm) program in COPD participants with mild to severe depression and/or anxiety. METHODS: The Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL-4D) scale was used to conduct the cost-utility analysis...
October 16, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
Reem M Ghandour, Laura J Sherman, Catherine J Vladutiu, Mir M Ali, Sean E Lynch, Rebecca H Bitsko, Stephen J Blumberg
OBJECTIVES: To use the latest data to estimate the prevalence and correlates of currently diagnosed depression, anxiety problems, and behavioral or conduct problems among children, and the receipt of related mental health treatment. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to report nationally representative prevalence estimates of each condition among children aged 3-17 years and receipt of treatment by a mental health professional...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Elvira Lara, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of being active for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on cognition and the acknowledgement that MCI is a critical period for intervening to prevent dementia, little is known about the actual sedentary levels in people with MCI. This study investigates correlates of sedentary behavior (SB) in people with MCI. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed...
October 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Andriy O Glushakov, Olena Y Glushakova, Tetyana Y Korol, Sandra A Acosta, Cesar V Borlongan, Alex B Valadka, Ronald L Hayes, Alexander V Glushakov
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with long-term disabilities and devastating chronic neurological complications including problems with cognition, motor function, sensory processing, as well as behavioral deficits and mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, personality change and social unsuitability. Clinical data suggest that disruption of the thalamo-cortical system including anatomical and metabolic changes in the thalamus following TBI might be responsible for some chronic neurological deficits following brain trauma...
October 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Dara M Steinberg, Barbara J Anderson, Maartje de Wit, Marisa E Hilliard
Developmental shifts during early adolescence relate to type 1 diabetes (T1D) self-management, increased risk of emotional distress, and worsening health status. Less is known about positive experiences related to T1D. This study evaluated associations of positive well-being (PWB) with diabetes burden, self-management, and glycemic control. Youth ( N = 55, age = 12-13 years; X̄ age = 12.75 + 0.56 years, 50.9% male, 38.2% non-Caucasian) reported PWB, depressive symptoms, and diabetes burden. Parents reported on overall T1D adherence...
November 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
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