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Methylation enrichment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455435/dna-methylation-regulated-micrornas-in-hpv-16-induced-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-hnscc
#1
M K Sannigrahi, Rajni Sharma, Varinder Singh, Naresh K Panda, Vidya Rattan, Madhu Khullar
INTRODUCTION: Epigenetic modifications have been reported to play an important role in regulating gene expression and these modifications become critical when they have a role in controlling another important layer of epigenetic regulation namely microRNAs. In the present study, we have identified the microRNAs that may be regulated by promoter DNA methylation and histone acetylation in Human papilloma virus-positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. METHODOLOGY: HPV-negative cell line (UPCI:SCC-116) and HPV-16 +ve cell line (UPCI:SCC-090) were treated with methylation inhibitor (5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, AZA) and acetylation inhibitor (Trichostatin-A, TSA), followed by micro-array analysis...
February 17, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452350/extra-virgin-olive-oil-contains-a-metabolo-epigenetic-inhibitor-of-cancer-stem-cells
#2
Bruna Corominas-Faja, Elisabet Cuyàs, Jesús Lozano-Sánchez, Sílvia Cufí, Sara Verdura, Salvador Fernández-Arroyo, Isabel Borrás-Linares, Begoña Martin-Castillo, Ángel G Martin, Ruth Lupu, Alfons Nonell-Canals, Melchor Sanchez-Martinez, Vicente Micol, Jorge Joven, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Javier A Menendez
Targeting tumor-initiating, drug-resistant populations of cancer stem cells (CSC) with phytochemicals is a novel paradigm for cancer prevention and treatment. We herein employed a phenotypic drug discovery approach coupled to mechanism-of-action profiling and target deconvolution to identify phenolic components of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) capable of suppressing the functional traits of CSC in breast cancer (BC). In vitro screening revealed that the secoiridoid decarboxymethyl oleuropein aglycone (DOA) could selectively target sub-populations of epithelial-like, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)-positive and mesenchymal-like, CD44+CD24-/low CSC...
February 14, 2018: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449542/long-non-coding-rnas-in-ischemic-stroke
#3
REVIEW
Mei-Hua Bao, Vivian Szeto, Burton B Yang, Shu-Zhen Zhu, Hong-Shuo Sun, Zhong-Ping Feng
Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability worldwide. Uncovering the cellular and molecular pathophysiological processes in stroke have been a top priority. Long non-coding (lnc) RNAs play critical roles in different kinds of diseases. In recent years, a bulk of aberrantly expressed lncRNAs have been screened out in ischemic stroke patients or ischemia insulted animals using new technologies such as RNA-seq, deep sequencing, and microarrays. Nine specific lncRNAs, antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL), metastasis-associate lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), N1LR, maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3), H19, CaMK2D-associated transcript 1 (C2dat1), Fos downstream transcript (FosDT), small nucleolar RNA host gene 14 (SNHG14), and taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1), were found increased in cerebral ischemic animals and/or oxygen-glucose deprived (OGD) cells...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447401/ramwas-fast-methylome-wide-association-study-pipeline-for-enrichment-platforms
#4
Andrey A Shabalin, Mohammad W Hattab, Shaunna L Clark, Robin F Chan, Gaurav Kumar, Karolina A Aberg, Edwin J C G van den Oord, Inanc Birol
Motivation: Enrichment-based technologies can provide measurements of DNA methylation at tens of millions of CpGs for thousands of samples. Existing tools for methylome-wide association studies cannot analyze data sets of this size and lack important features like principal component analysis, combined analysis with SNP data, and outcome predictions that are based on all informative methylation sites. Results: We present a Bioconductor R package called RaMWAS with a full set of tools for large-scale methylome-wide association studies...
February 12, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445184/parental-micronutrient-deficiency-distorts-liver-dna-methylation-and-expression-of-lipid-genes-associated-with-a-fatty-liver-like-phenotype-in-offspring
#5
Kaja H Skjærven, Lars Martin Jakt, Jorge M O Fernandes, John Arne Dahl, Anne-Catrin Adam, Johanna Klughammer, Christoph Bock, Marit Espe
Micronutrient status of parents can affect long term health of their progeny. Around 2 billion humans are affected by chronic micronutrient deficiency. In this study we use zebrafish as a model system to examine morphological, molecular and epigenetic changes in mature offspring of parents that experienced a one-carbon (1-C) micronutrient deficiency. Zebrafish were fed a diet sufficient, or marginally deficient in 1-C nutrients (folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, methionine, choline), and then mated. Offspring livers underwent histological examination, RNA sequencing and genome-wide DNA methylation analysis...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442662/photocatalytic-performance-of-3d-ni-graphene-zno-composites-fabricated-by-hydrothermal-processing
#6
Haifen Xie, Yanming Gu, Haichuan Mu
ZnO nanorods are fabricated by the hydrothermal processing on the 3 dimensional (3D) Ni/Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) grown multilayer graphene and 3D Ni foams, respectively, and their photocatalytic performance are investigated. It is found that the composites with the graphene sandwiched between the 3D Ni and ZnO nanorods with 4 hours hydrothermal growth exhibits superior photocatalytic performance toward methyl orange (MO) under simulated sunlight, whose apparent degradation rate constant is about 1.3 times larger compared to that without graphene incorporated...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440175/pan-cancer-molecular-classes-transcending-tumor-lineage-across-32-cancer-types-multiple-data-platforms-and-over-10-000-cases
#7
Chad J Creighton, Fengju Chen, Yiqun Zhang, Don L Gibbons, Benjamin Deneen, David Kwiatkowski, Michael Ittmann
PURPOSE: The Cancer Genome Atlas data resources represent an opportunity to explore commonalities across cancer types involving multiple molecular levels, but tumor lineage and histology can represent a barrier in moving beyond differences related to cancer type. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: On the basis of gene expression data, we classified 10224 cancers, representing 32 major types, into ten molecular-based "classes."  Molecular patterns representing tissue or histologic dominant effects were first removed computationally, with the resulting classes representing emergent themes across tumor lineages...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435005/identification-and-analysis-of-key-genes-in-osteosarcoma-using-bioinformatics
#8
Chunyu Diao, Yong Xi, Tao Xiao
Osteosarcoma (OS) is an invasive malignant neoplasm of the bones. The present study identified and analyzed key genes associated with OS. Expression profiling of the dataset GSE49003, which included 6 metastatic and 6 non-metastatic OS cell lines and was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus, was performed. Following data preprocessing, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were selected using the limma package in R. Subsequently, bidirectional hierarchical clustering using the pheatmap package in R and an unpaired Students' t-test was performed for the DEGs...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434467/genomic-analysis-using-regularized-regression-in-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer
#9
Yanina Natanzon, Madalene Earp, Julie M Cunningham, Kimberly R Kalli, Chen Wang, Sebastian M Armasu, Melissa C Larson, David Dl Bowtell, Dale W Garsed, Brooke L Fridley, Stacey J Winham, Ellen L Goode
High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is a complex disease in which initiation and progression have been associated with copy number alterations, epigenetic processes, and, to a lesser extent, germline variation. We hypothesized that, when summarized at the gene level, tumor methylation and germline genetic variation, alone or in combination, influence tumor gene expression in HGSOC. We used Elastic Net (ENET) penalized regression method to evaluate these associations and adjust for somatic copy number in 3 independent data sets comprising tumors from more than 470 patients...
2018: Cancer Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433027/hydrolysis-adsorption-and-biodegradation-of-bensulfuron-methyl-under-methanogenic-conditions
#10
Fan-Ping Zhu, Jian-Lu Duan, Xian-Zheng Yuan, Xiao-Shuang Shi, Zhen-Lian Han, Shu-Guang Wang
Bensulfuron methyl (BSM), one of the most widely used herbicides in paddy soils, is frequently detected in natural and artificial aquatic systems. However, BSM transformation under methanogenic conditions has not been given sufficient attention. In this study, BSM elimination and transformation by anaerobic enrichment cultures were investigated. The results showed that BSM can be mineralized to methane through hydrolysis, adsorption, and biodegradation under a methanogenic environment. The adsorption led to protein static quenching in the extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) of the enrichment cultures...
February 5, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432895/a-cross-omics-approach-to-investigate-temporal-gene-expression-regulation-by-5-hydroxymethylcytosine-via-tbh-derived-oxidative-stress-showed-involvement-of-different-regulatory-kinases
#11
Jacob J Briedé, Lize Deferme, Jarno E J Wolters, Sandra M H Claessen, Twan van den Beucken, J Richard Wagner, Simone G van Breda, Jos C S Kleinjans
Regulation of DNA methylation plays a crucial role in biological processes and carcinogenesis. The formation of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) by oxidation of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) has been proposed as an intermediate of active demethylation. However, whether and how active demethylation is regulated by oxidative stress-related processes is not well understood. Here we investigated whether free oxygen radicals are capable of directly forming 5hmC and how this enhanced whole genome gene expression. We applied LC-MS/MS technology for the analysis of 5mC, 5hmC, 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and 5-hydroxymethyluracyl (5hmU) in HepG2 cells exposed to hydroxyl- and methyl radicals, formed by tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH) at multiple time points...
February 9, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429329/tandem-histone-binding-domains-enhance-the-activity-of-a-synthetic-chromatin-effector
#12
Stefan J Tekel, Daniel A Vargas, Lusheng Song, Joshua LaBear, Michael R Caplan, Karmella A Haynes
Fusion proteins that specifically interact with biochemical marks on chromosomes represent a new class of synthetic transcriptional regulators that decode cell state information rather than DNA sequences. In multicellular organisms, information relevant to cell state, tissue identity, and oncogenesis is often encoded as biochemical modifications of histones, which are bound to DNA in eukaryotic nuclei and regulate gene expression states. We have previously reported the development and validation of the "Polycomb-based transcription factor" (PcTF), a fusion protein that recognizes histone modifications through a protein-protein interaction between its polycomb chromodomain (PCD) motif and trimethylated lysine 27 of histone H3 (H3K27me3) at genomic sites...
February 12, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428975/5-hydroxymethylcytosine-preferentially-targets-genes-upregulated-in-isocitrate-dehydrogenase-1-mutant-high-grade-glioma
#13
Wioletta K Glowacka, Harshika Jain, Makiko Okura, Abulizi Maimaitiming, Yasin Mamatjan, Romina Nejad, Hamza Farooq, Michael D Taylor, Kenneth Aldape, Paul Kongkham
Gliomas demonstrate epigenetic dysregulation exemplified by the Glioma CpG Island Methylator Phenotype (G-CIMP) seen in IDH1 mutant tumors. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is implicated in glioma pathogenesis; however, its role in IDH1 mutant gliomas is incompletely understood. To characterize 5hmC in IDH1 mutant gliomas further, we examine 5hmC in a cohort of IDH1 mutant and wild-type high-grade gliomas (HGG) using a quantitative locus-specific approach. Regions demonstrating high 5hmC abundance and differentially hydroxymethylated regions (DHMR) enrich for enhancers implicated in glioma pathogenesis...
February 10, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423788/evaluation-of-extraction-methods-for-methylated-cell-free-fetal-dna-from-maternal-plasma
#14
Ji Hyae Lim, Bom Yi Lee, Jin Woo Kim, You Jung Han, Jin Hoon Chung, Min Hyoung Kim, Dong Wook Kwak, So Yeon Park, Hee Back Choi, Hyun Mee Ryu
PURPOSE: Recently, fetal placenta-specific epigenetic regions (FSERs) have been identified for quantification of cell-free fetal DNA (cff-DNA) for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiencies of a column-based kit and magnetic bead-based kit for quantification of methylated FSERs from maternal plasma. METHODS: Maternal plasma was extracted from normal pregnant women within the gestational age of 10~13 weeks (n = 24)...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423022/comprehensive-analysis-of-gene-expression-and-dna-methylation-datasets-identify-valuable-biomarkers-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-progression
#15
Gang Fang, Qing Huai Zhang, Qianqian Tang, Zuling Jiang, Shasha Xing, Jianying Li, Yuzhou Pang
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a common systemic autoimmune disease which lays chronic and persistent pain on patients. The purpose of our study is to identify novel RA-related genes and biological processes/pathways. All the datasets of this study, including gene expression and DNA methylation datasets of RA and OA samples, were obtained from the free available database, i.e. Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). We firstly identified the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between RA and OA samples through the limma package of R programming software followed by the functional enrichment analysis in the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) for the exploring of potential involved biological processes/pathways of DEGs...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422066/genome-wide-analyses-reveal-a-role-of-polycomb-in-promoting-hypomethylation-of-dna-methylation-valleys
#16
Yuanyuan Li, Hui Zheng, Qiujun Wang, Chen Zhou, Lei Wei, Xuehui Liu, Wenhao Zhang, Yu Zhang, Zhenhai Du, Xiaowo Wang, Wei Xie
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that the majority of developmental genes are devoid of DNA methylation at promoters even when they are repressed. Such hypomethylated regions at developmental genes are unusually large and extend well beyond proximal promoters, forming DNA methylation valleys (DMVs) or DNA methylation canyons. However, it remains elusive how most developmental genes can evade DNA methylation regardless of their transcriptional states. RESULTS: We show that DMVs are hypomethylated in development and are highly conserved across vertebrates...
February 8, 2018: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416570/endurance-training-remodels-sperm-borne-small-rna-expression-and-methylation-at-neurological-gene-hotspots
#17
Lars R Ingerslev, Ida Donkin, Odile Fabre, Soetkin Versteyhe, Mie Mechta, Pattarawan Pattamaprapanont, Brynjulf Mortensen, Nikolaj Thure Krarup, Romain Barrès
Remodeling of the sperm epigenome by lifestyle factors before conception could account for altered metabolism in the next generation offspring. Here, we hypothesized that endurance training changes the epigenome of human spermatozoa. Using small RNA (sRNA) sequencing and reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS), we, respectively, investigated sRNA expression and DNA methylation in pure fractions of motile spermatozoa collected from young healthy individuals before, after 6 weeks of endurance training and after 3 months without exercise...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414012/isolation-identification-and-characterization-of-two-novel-process-related-impurities-in-olanzapine
#18
Tao Zhuang, Wen Zhang, Longji Cao, Kai He, Yu Wang, Jing Li, Liang Chen, Bifeng Liu, Guisen Zhang
Olanzapine is a marketed antipsychotic agent for treatment of both positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. The chemical synthesis of olanzapine drug substance involved the reaction of thienobenzodiazepine hydrochloride with N-methylpiperazine. During the manufacture of olanzapine, two unknown impurities were present in pilot batches in the range of 0.08-0.22% based upon HPLC analysis. These unknown impurities were enriched from the mother liquor of reaction by preparative HPLC, and characterized by UV, FT-IR, LC-MS/TOF, 1D-NMR (1H, 13C, DEPT), 2D-NMR (1H-1H COSY, HSQC, HMBC, ROESY) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412141/integration-of-human-pancreatic-islet-genomic-data-refines-regulatory-mechanisms-at-type-2-diabetes-susceptibility-loci
#19
Matthias Thurner, Martijn van de Bunt, Jason M Torres, Anubha Mahajan, Vibe Nylander, Amanda J Bennett, Kyle J Gaulton, Amy Barrett, Carla Burrows, Christopher G Bell, Robert Lowe, Stephan Beck, Vardhman K Rakyan, Anna L Gloyn, Mark I McCarthy
Human genetic studies have emphasised the dominant contribution of pancreatic islet dysfunction to development of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). However, limited annotation of the islet epigenome has constrained efforts to define the molecular mechanisms mediating the, largely regulatory, signals revealed by Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS). We characterised patterns of chromatin accessibility (ATAC-seq, n=17) and DNA methylation (whole-genome bisulphite sequencing, n=10) in human islets, generating high-resolution chromatin state maps through integration with established ChIP-seq marks...
February 7, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409498/dna-methylome-profiling-at-single-base-resolution-through-bisulfite-sequencing-of-5mc-immunoprecipitated-dna
#20
Zhen Jia, Yueyi Shi, Lei Zhang, Yipeng Ren, Tong Wang, Lejun Xing, Baorong Zhang, Guolan Gao, Rongfa Bu
BACKGROUND: Detection of DNA methylome at single-base resolution is a significant challenge but promises to shed considerable light on human disease etiology. Current technologies could not detect DNA methylation genome-wide at single-base resolution with small amount of sequencing data and could not avoid detecting the methylation of repetitive elements which are considered as "junk DNA". METHODS: In this study, we have developed a novel DNA methylome profiling technology named MB-seq with its ability to identify genome-wide 5mC and quantify DNA methylation levels by introduced an assistant adapter AluI-linker This linker can be ligated to sonicated DNA and then be digested after the bisulfite treatment and amplification, which has no effect of MeDIP enrichment...
February 6, 2018: BMC Biotechnology
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