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Road accident investigation

Khawar Hussain, Maria-Angeliki Gkini, Ruth Taylor, Satwinder Shinhmar, Anthony Bewley
A 57-year-old Caucasian female presented to our clinic with her 23-year-old son, who was profoundly autistic. Our patient was convinced that her son had an infestation with fibers and believed that he had developed the condition as a young child. She described the symptoms of the infestation in her son's skin on his behalf, as he was not able to communicate. She identified dietary factors as a causative factor and wanted them removed from his diet. Her son had seborrhoeic dermatitis on examination, with no evidence of an infestation...
October 8, 2018: Dermatologic Therapy
Drew Dawson, Amy C Reynolds, Hans P A Van Dongen, Matthew J W Thomas
Estimates in developed countries of the extent to which fatigue contributes to road accidents range from as low as 5% to as high as 50% of all accidents. Compared with other causes of road accidents (e.g., speeding, drink-driving), the variability in these estimates is exceptionally high and may be indicative of the difficulty in determining the likelihood of fatigue as a cause of road accidents. This review compares differences in the way road accidents are classified as fatigue-related (or not) by expert panels and road safety regulators, highlighting conflicting conceptual approaches, lack of consistency, and the poor psychometric qualities of classification rules used across jurisdictions...
August 29, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Muhamad Nazri Borhan, Ahmad Nazrul Hakimi Ibrahim, Affan Aziz, Muhamad Razuhanfi Mat Yazid
In the context of road safety, risk-taking is undoubtedly one of the main contributory factors in road accidents. The actual forces which influence individuals to take such risks, nevertheless, are still not fully understood. To address this, this study was therefore conducted to investigate the relationship of the demographic, personal, and social factors of motorcyclists, with a specific focus on their risk-taking behavior at signalized intersections in Malaysia. This study adopted the quantitative method using cross-sectional questionnaire surveys and involved 251 respondents...
September 17, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Ron Aaron Malka, Shalhevet Leibovitz-Zur, Eitan Naveh
Applying both occupational safety and ambidexterity theories, we investigate which situation in organizations leads to a lower number of work-related road accidents: a single-priority situation focused on road safety, or a dual-priority situation in which both road safety and customer service are priorities. Occupational safety theory puts forward an 'either-or' approach in which employee safety must be the first priority, above and beyond all others. In contrast, the ambidexterity theory's 'both-and' approach suggests a simultaneous coexistence of priorities...
September 17, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Rabi H Mohtar, Hamid Shafiezadeh, John Blake, Bassel Daher
This research investigates the relation between water, energy, and transportation systems, using the growing hydraulic fracturing activity in the Eagle Ford shale play region of southwest Texas in which the local water systems and road infrastructure were not designed for the frequent transport of water into the production site and of produced gas and oil from the site as are often required for hydraulic fracturing. The research: 1) quantifies the interconnections between water, energy, and transportation systems specific to the Eagle Ford shale region; 2) identifies and quantifies the economic, social, and environmental indicators to evaluate scenarios of oil and gas production; and 3) develops a framework for analysis of the economic, societal, and long term sustainability of the sectors and 4) an assessment tool (WET Tool) that estimates several economic indicators: oil and natural gas production, direct and indirect tax revenues, and average wages for each scenario facilitates the holistic assessment of oil and gas production scenarios and their associated trade-offs between them...
January 1, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Aderibigbe Israel Adekitan, Osemwegie Omoruyi
In fuel dispensing and fuel haulage companies, adequate stock tracking is mandatory for performance and business productivity analysis. Stock monitoring is vital for inventory management; it is a tool that enables adequate planning in terms of importation requirements when stock is low and for general price management. The accuracy of stock inventory depends largely on the accuracy of the calibration data of the various storage tanks and structures deployed along the value chain. Mobile tanks are prone to harsh conditions due to poor road networks in some countries which affect tanker truck alignment and suspension systems, and all these affects tank calibration accuracy...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Burcu Oralhan, Ziya Gökalp Göktolga
Background: This study aimed to determine risk factors that occurrence time of traffic accidents. Traffic accident occurrence time is defined as the time between a driver's getting his/her license and having the first accident, involving death or injury between 2008-2012 and there were investigated. Methods: This study was conducted with the Cox Regression and life tables models included among survival analysis models. Data of all 11.671 traffic accidents in Kayseri in Turkey were analyzed for the 5-yr period...
August 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Juhani Kalsi, Timo Tervo, Adel Bachour, Markku Partinen
OBJECTIVE: To study different factors that are associated with fatal sleepiness-related motor vehicle accidents (FSMVA) and in other types of fatal motor vehicle accidents (FMVA) in Finland. METHODS: All FMVA that were caused by falling asleep at the wheel (FSMVA) during the years 2005-2014 were investigated using OTI (Finnish Crash Data Institute) data. The control group consisted of 136 drivers who died in other types of FMVA in 2013. A total of 258 accidents were investigated...
July 4, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Peter Jd Andrews, H Louise Sinclair, Aryelly Rodríguez, Bridget Harris, Jonathan Rhodes, Hannah Watson, Gordon Murray
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death in young adults worldwide. It results in around 1 million hospital admissions annually in the European Union (EU), causes a majority of the 50,000 deaths from road traffic accidents and leaves a further ≈10,000 people severely disabled. OBJECTIVE: The Eurotherm3235 Trial was a pragmatic trial examining the effectiveness of hypothermia (32-35 °C) to reduce raised intracranial pressure (ICP) following severe TBI and reduce morbidity and mortality 6 months after TBI...
August 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Rasoul Shavaleh, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Nader Mahdavi, Mashyaneh Haddadi, Mahmoud Reza Mohaghegh, Zahra Hamedi
Background: In Iran, Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) is the second-leading cause of deaths, and the first leading cause of disabilityadjusted life year, and has one of the highest rates of death (32.1 per 100 000 population) all over the world. This study's aim was to investigate the epidemiological pattern and underlying components of hospitalized RTIs in 31 provinces of Iran in 2011. Methods: This study conducted on all hospitalized RTIs during one-year period (March 21, 2011 to March 21, 2012). Data extracted from a hospital-based traffic injury registration system...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maurizio Fontana, Marco Cavallo, Graziano Bettelli, Roberto Rotini
BACKGROUND: Acute Essex-Lopresti injury is a rare and disabling condition of longitudinal instability of the forearm. When early diagnosed, patients report better outcomes with higher functional recovery. Aim of this study is to focus on the different lesion patterns causing forearm instability, reviewing literature and the cases treated by the Authors and to propose a new terminology for their identification. METHODS: Five patients affected by acute Essex-Lopresti injury have been enrolled for this study...
August 29, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Joji Inamasu, Msasato Nakaya, Dai Kujirai, Keita Mayanagi, Masashi Nakatsukasa
BACKGROUND: While seatbelt is an important device protecting drivers from traumatic brain injury (TBI), it has rarely been reported how often and in what circumstances restrained drivers sustain TBI after road traffic accident (RTA). Whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) for blunt trauma patients may provide a unique opportunity to investigate the frequency and characteristics of TBI sustained by restrained drivers. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective observational study was conducted using prospectively acquired data...
October 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Xuecai Xu, Željko Šarić, Feng Zhu, Dario Babić
This study intended to investigate the interactions between accident severity levels and traffic signs in state roads located in Croatia, and explore the correlation within accident severity levels and heterogeneity attributed to unobserved factors. The data from 410 state roads between 2012 and 2016 were collected from Traffic Accident Database System maintained by the Republic of Croatia Ministry of the Interior. To address the correlation and heterogeneity, a seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) model in unbalanced panel data approach was proposed, in which the seemingly unrelated model addressed the correlation of residuals, while the panel data model accommodated the heterogeneity due to unobserved factors...
August 11, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Guodong Liu, Siyu Chen, Ziqian Zeng, Huijie Cui, Yanfei Fang, Dongqing Gu, Zhiyong Yin, Zhengguo Wang
BACKGROUND: In the past decades, extremely serious road accidents with a death toll over ten in each have become a severe public health problem in China. This study investigates risk factors contributing to extremely serious road accidents, which will be crucial for accident prevention. METHODS: Collecting data from The Road Accident Statistical Annual Report openly issued by China's Traffic Management Bureau of the Public Security Ministry for the time period 2004-2015, we used the monthly case number of extreme serious road accidents as the dependent variable...
2018: PloS One
José Ramón Consuelo-Estrada, Laura Soraya Gaona-Valle, Otniel Portillo-Rodríguez
Introducción: En el Estado de México no existen investigaciones que proporcionen información para toma de decisiones y administración de recursos relacionados con la atención de las lesiones por causa externa (LCE). Objetivo: Describir las LCE en un servicio de urgencias durante un periodo de cinco años. Método: Se diseñó un estudio retrospectivo con pacientes que ingresaron al servicio de urgencias (2010-2015) por diagnóstico de LCE...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
Yahya Almarhabi, Abdulrahman I Mufti, Adel D Almaymuni, Talib Abdurahman, Ghamri Abdulaziz, Ahmed A Alghamdi, Abdel Moniem Mukhtar
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, trauma is a major health problem and road traffic accidents (RTAs) are the primary killer of young men in Saudi Arabia. The aim of our study was to estimate the extent of driving under the influence of an abused substance in Saudi Arabia and to explore the associated factors. METHODS: This is a cross sectional survey conducted between May and September 2016 at Al-Amal hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, a referral center for addiction. We included all patients who were admitted for additional education and rehabilitation and had no psychotic symptoms...
July 24, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Bo-Hua Li, Shan-Xi Wang, Jun Li, Fu-Guo Huang, Zhou Xiang, Yue Fang, Gang Zhong, Min Yi, Xiao-Dan Zhao, Lei Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the early and mid-term results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with transarticular external fixation (TEF) but no deltoid ligament repair (DLR) in the treatment of supination-external rotation type IV equivalent (SER IV E) ankle fractures (AO/OTA classification 44-B 3.1) and provide evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: This study cohort consisted of 22 patients with SER IV E ankle fractures that underwent ORIF with TEF but no DLR between December 2011 and December 2014...
August 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Seyed Ali Mosaddad, Rasoul Gheisari, Maryam Erfani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Road traffic accidents are considered a major cause of oral and maxillofacial trauma. Given that many traumatic injuries and deaths involve motorcyclists, the aim of this study was to investigate this vulnerable group in terms of oral and maxillofacial injuries following accidents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 patients with oral and maxillofacial injuries at Shahid Rajaee Hospital in Shiraz, Iran, from April to September 2017...
July 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Soram Lim, Seokho Chi, Joon Deuk Lee, Hoon-Jin Lee, Hyunjung Choi
The Korean construction industry has experienced poor labor productivity and high accident rates. Previous studies have reported that workers' mental health can cause negative impacts on work performance; thus, enhancing workers' psychological conditions would help achieve more productive and safer workplaces. This research aimed to understand the level of psychological conditions of construction field-workers using four categories: (1) stress (occupational stress and stress-coping style), (2) personal temperament, (3) emotional disturbance (depression and trait anxiety), and (4) drinking habits...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Cuiping Ren, Qunqi Wu, Chunguo Zhang, Shengzhong Zhang
The deaths of accident occurring in land hazardous material transport (rail and road) is a scale standard for judging accident severity in safety programmes. The f - N curve is a common practice to express the results from past scattered accident data through curve fitting method, which only estimate the overall trend. For this reason, this paper proposed a simple methodology by combination of normal distribution and f - N curve. To verify the method, the following three sets of statistical data were selected and analysed in this study: 1932 accidents in over 95 countries (1931⁻2004) and 322 accidents in China (2000⁻2008) available in the literature, and 2046 accidents investigated in China (2013⁻2017)...
July 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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