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Road accident investigation

Chiara Lorini, Jacopo Bianchi, Gino Sartor, Maria Grazia Santini, Anna Mersi, Saverio Caini, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
INTRODUCTION: About 1.25 million people worldwide die every year because of road accidents. Risk is higher when drivers use mobile phones, whereas seat belts help to prevent crash-related injury. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, associated factors, and temporal trend of the use of seat belts and mobile phones among drivers and passengers in Florence, Italy (2005-2015). METHODS: Use of seat belts and mobile phones use was monitored via direct observation in four areas in the province of Florence...
2018: PloS One
M S Islam, M T Hossain, M N Uddin, M R Chowdhury, M S Hasan
We conducted a study to evaluate the reliability of the medial hemi-soleus muscle flap for wound coverage of infected open fracture of distal third of tibia. Wound coverage of exposed lower third tibia and ankle region remains a difficult task. Muscle flaps are preferred for infected wounds especially where there are exposed bone, joint and/or tendons. Soleus muscle is a good option for local reconstruction. Soleus being the prime ankle plantar flexor and stabilizer of the ankle in ambulation cannot be sacrificed without significant morbidity...
October 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Mirjam Hug, Stefan Lakämper, Kristina Keller, Regula Wick
Daytime Sleepiness in Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome: A Risk Factor for Traffic Accidents? Abstract. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a symptom complex of predominantly leg-focused paraesthesias and the associated increased urge to move. Since evening exacerbations are typical, many patients suffer from sleep disorders, which can lead to increased daytime fatigue in the long term. The present retrospective data analysis investigated a potentially relevant relationship between RLS and an increased incidence of traffic accidents due to daytime sleepiness in Swiss road traffic...
November 2018: Praxis
Bo Ram Yang, Kyoung-Eun Kwon, Ye-Jee Kim, Nam-Kyong Choi, Mi-Sook Kim, Sun-Young Jung, Ju-Young Shin, Yong Min Ahn, Byung-Joo Park, Joongyub Lee
PURPOSE: Antidepressants are some of the most commonly used psychiatric medications, but little information is available about the effects of antidepressant treatment on the risk of traffic accidents across classes of antidepressants or associated with each substance individually. To investigate the relationship between exposure to antidepressants and risk of fatality in road traffic accidents. METHODS: We used a Korean national road traffic authority database linked with a national health insurance database between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014 and applied a case-crossover design...
November 24, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
A Mancini, A Duramé, S Barbois, J Abba, F-X Ageron, C Arvieux
INTRODUCTION: Diaphragmatic rupture following blunt trauma occurs rarely. Classically described after high-velocity accidents, ruptures are often associated with multiple organ injuries. The diagnosis is sometimes difficult. The goal of this study was to analyze and to discuss the modalities of early radiologic diagnosis and management of these injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included patients seen between 2009 and 2017 within the Northern Alpine Emergency Network [REseau Nord Alpin des Urgences (RENAU)]...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Hee Young Lee, Jeong Il Lee, Oh Hyun Kim, Kang Hyun Lee, Hyeong Tae Kim, Hyun Youk
PURPOSE: It was considered the challenges of the actual response and the potential for improvement, including the activities of the disaster response system, national emergency medical center, and the regional base hospital for the treatment of multiple traffic accident victims. The purpose of this study was to analyze the accident management system through real investigating the multiple collision over 10 vehicles with mass casualty events as a disaster situation. METHODS: This study was retrospective study to analyze the disaster event with multiple collision traffic accident on the expressway in Korea...
November 20, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Fanny Malin, Ilkka Norros, Satu Innamaa
This study was designed to investigate the relative accident risk of different road weather conditions and combinations of conditions. The study applied a recently developed method which is based on the notion of Palm probability, originating in the theory of random point processes, which in this case corresponds to picking a random vehicle from the traffic. The method consists of calculating the Palm distribution of different conditions and comparing it with the distribution of the same conditions as seen by the accidents...
October 29, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Cian Ryan, Finbarr Murphy, Martin Mullins
The transition to semiautonomous driving is set to considerably reduce road accident rates as human error is progressively removed from the driving task. Concurrently, autonomous capabilities will transform the transportation risk landscape and significantly disrupt the insurance industry. Semiautonomous vehicle (SAV) risks will begin to alternate between human error and technological susceptibilities. The evolving risk landscape will force a departure from traditional risk assessment approaches that rely on historical data to quantify insurable risks...
October 25, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Weihua Zhang, Chang Zhou, Wenjuan Huang, Hu Tao, Kun Wang, Zhongxiang Feng, Zhe Hu
The violation activity of non-motorized vehicles riding in motorized vehicle lanes interferes roadway traffic serious, as it can not only seriously depreciate the efficiency of motorized vehicle traffic, but also raise possibility of triggering traffic accidents. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate intrinsic features of unlawful non-motorized vehicles' violation behaviors of riding on motorized vehicle lanes. The binary logistic regression model was proposed to find inherent reasons of triggering such misbehaviors...
October 18, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Guilherme Gozzoli Podolsky-Gondim, Luciano Lopes Furlanetti, Dinark Conceição Viana, Matheus Fernando Manzolli Ballestero, Ricardo Santos de Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Head injury is a significant economic, social, and medical problem in developing countries and remains one of the leading causes of pediatric morbidity and mortality. The association of traumatic brain injury and coagulopathy in children is linked with an increase in mortality and poor functional outcomes. However, its impact on long-term outcome has not been discussed in the literature so far. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of coagulopathy diagnosed by routine laboratory tests on neurological outcome following traumatic brain injury in children...
December 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Khawar Hussain, Maria-Angeliki Gkini, Ruth Taylor, Satwinder Shinhmar, Anthony Bewley
A 57-year-old Caucasian female presented to our clinic with her 23-year-old son, who was profoundly autistic. Our patient was convinced that her son had an infestation with fibers and believed that he had developed the condition as a young child. She described the symptoms of the infestation in her son's skin on his behalf, as he was not able to communicate. She identified dietary factors as a causative factor and wanted them removed from his diet. Her son had seborrhoeic dermatitis on examination, with no evidence of an infestation...
October 8, 2018: Dermatologic Therapy
Drew Dawson, Amy C Reynolds, Hans P A Van Dongen, Matthew J W Thomas
Estimates in developed countries of the extent to which fatigue contributes to road accidents range from as low as 5% to as high as 50% of all accidents. Compared with other causes of road accidents (e.g., speeding, drink-driving), the variability in these estimates is exceptionally high and may be indicative of the difficulty in determining the likelihood of fatigue as a cause of road accidents. This review compares differences in the way road accidents are classified as fatigue-related (or not) by expert panels and road safety regulators, highlighting conflicting conceptual approaches, lack of consistency, and the poor psychometric qualities of classification rules used across jurisdictions...
August 29, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Muhamad Nazri Borhan, Ahmad Nazrul Hakimi Ibrahim, Affan Aziz, Muhamad Razuhanfi Mat Yazid
In the context of road safety, risk-taking is undoubtedly one of the main contributory factors in road accidents. The actual forces which influence individuals to take such risks, nevertheless, are still not fully understood. To address this, this study was therefore conducted to investigate the relationship of the demographic, personal, and social factors of motorcyclists, with a specific focus on their risk-taking behavior at signalized intersections in Malaysia. This study adopted the quantitative method using cross-sectional questionnaire surveys and involved 251 respondents...
September 17, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Ron Aaron Malka, Shalhevet Leibovitz-Zur, Eitan Naveh
Applying both occupational safety and ambidexterity theories, we investigate which situation in organizations leads to a lower number of work-related road accidents: a single-priority situation focused on road safety, or a dual-priority situation in which both road safety and customer service are priorities. Occupational safety theory puts forward an 'either-or' approach in which employee safety must be the first priority, above and beyond all others. In contrast, the ambidexterity theory's 'both-and' approach suggests a simultaneous coexistence of priorities...
September 17, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Rabi H Mohtar, Hamid Shafiezadeh, John Blake, Bassel Daher
This research investigates the relation between water, energy, and transportation systems, using the growing hydraulic fracturing activity in the Eagle Ford shale play region of southwest Texas in which the local water systems and road infrastructure were not designed for the frequent transport of water into the production site and of produced gas and oil from the site as are often required for hydraulic fracturing. The research: 1) quantifies the interconnections between water, energy, and transportation systems specific to the Eagle Ford shale region; 2) identifies and quantifies the economic, social, and environmental indicators to evaluate scenarios of oil and gas production; and 3) develops a framework for analysis of the economic, societal, and long term sustainability of the sectors and 4) an assessment tool (WET Tool) that estimates several economic indicators: oil and natural gas production, direct and indirect tax revenues, and average wages for each scenario facilitates the holistic assessment of oil and gas production scenarios and their associated trade-offs between them...
January 1, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Aderibigbe Israel Adekitan, Osemwegie Omoruyi
In fuel dispensing and fuel haulage companies, adequate stock tracking is mandatory for performance and business productivity analysis. Stock monitoring is vital for inventory management; it is a tool that enables adequate planning in terms of importation requirements when stock is low and for general price management. The accuracy of stock inventory depends largely on the accuracy of the calibration data of the various storage tanks and structures deployed along the value chain. Mobile tanks are prone to harsh conditions due to poor road networks in some countries which affect tanker truck alignment and suspension systems, and all these affects tank calibration accuracy...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Burcu Oralhan, Ziya Gökalp Göktolga
Background: This study aimed to determine risk factors that occurrence time of traffic accidents. Traffic accident occurrence time is defined as the time between a driver's getting his/her license and having the first accident, involving death or injury between 2008-2012 and there were investigated. Methods: This study was conducted with the Cox Regression and life tables models included among survival analysis models. Data of all 11.671 traffic accidents in Kayseri in Turkey were analyzed for the 5-yr period...
August 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Juhani Kalsi, Timo Tervo, Adel Bachour, Markku Partinen
OBJECTIVE: To study different factors that are associated with fatal sleepiness-related motor vehicle accidents (FSMVA) and in other types of fatal motor vehicle accidents (FMVA) in Finland. METHODS: All FMVA that were caused by falling asleep at the wheel (FSMVA) during the years 2005-2014 were investigated using OTI (Finnish Crash Data Institute) data. The control group consisted of 136 drivers who died in other types of FMVA in 2013. A total of 258 accidents were investigated...
July 4, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Peter Jd Andrews, H Louise Sinclair, Aryelly Rodríguez, Bridget Harris, Jonathan Rhodes, Hannah Watson, Gordon Murray
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death in young adults worldwide. It results in around 1 million hospital admissions annually in the European Union (EU), causes a majority of the 50,000 deaths from road traffic accidents and leaves a further ≈10,000 people severely disabled. OBJECTIVE: The Eurotherm3235 Trial was a pragmatic trial examining the effectiveness of hypothermia (32-35 °C) to reduce raised intracranial pressure (ICP) following severe TBI and reduce morbidity and mortality 6 months after TBI...
August 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Rasoul Shavaleh, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Nader Mahdavi, Mashyaneh Haddadi, Mahmoud Reza Mohaghegh, Zahra Hamedi
Background: In Iran, Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) is the second-leading cause of deaths, and the first leading cause of disabilityadjusted life year, and has one of the highest rates of death (32.1 per 100 000 population) all over the world. This study's aim was to investigate the epidemiological pattern and underlying components of hospitalized RTIs in 31 provinces of Iran in 2011. Methods: This study conducted on all hospitalized RTIs during one-year period (March 21, 2011 to March 21, 2012). Data extracted from a hospital-based traffic injury registration system...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
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