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Road accident investigation

Guodong Liu, Siyu Chen, Ziqian Zeng, Huijie Cui, Yanfei Fang, Dongqing Gu, Zhiyong Yin, Zhengguo Wang
BACKGROUND: In the past decades, extremely serious road accidents with a death toll over ten in each have become a severe public health problem in China. This study investigates risk factors contributing to extremely serious road accidents, which will be crucial for accident prevention. METHODS: Collecting data from The Road Accident Statistical Annual Report openly issued by China's Traffic Management Bureau of the Public Security Ministry for the time period 2004-2015, we used the monthly case number of extreme serious road accidents as the dependent variable...
2018: PloS One
José Ramón Consuelo-Estrada, Laura Soraya Gaona-Valle, Otniel Portillo-Rodríguez
Introducción: En el Estado de México no existen investigaciones que proporcionen información para toma de decisiones y administración de recursos relacionados con la atención de las lesiones por causa externa (LCE). Objetivo: Describir las LCE en un servicio de urgencias durante un periodo de cinco años. Método: Se diseñó un estudio retrospectivo con pacientes que ingresaron al servicio de urgencias (2010-2015) por diagnóstico de LCE...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
Yahya Almarhabi, Abdulrahman I Mufti, Adel D Almaymuni, Talib Abdurahman, Ghamri Abdulaziz, Ahmed A Alghamdi, Abdel Moniem Mukhtar
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, trauma is a major health problem and road traffic accidents (RTAs) are the primary killer of young men in Saudi Arabia. The aim of our study was to estimate the extent of driving under the influence of an abused substance in Saudi Arabia and to explore the associated factors. METHODS: This is a cross sectional survey conducted between May and September 2016 at Al-Amal hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, a referral center for addiction. We included all patients who were admitted for additional education and rehabilitation and had no psychotic symptoms...
July 24, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Bo-Hua Li, Shan-Xi Wang, Jun Li, Fu-Guo Huang, Zhou Xiang, Yue Fang, Gang Zhong, Min Yi, Xiao-Dan Zhao, Lei Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the early and mid-term results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with transarticular external fixation (TEF) but no deltoid ligament repair (DLR) in the treatment of supination-external rotation type IV equivalent (SER IV E) ankle fractures (AO/OTA classification 44-B 3.1) and provide evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: This study cohort consisted of 22 patients with SER IV E ankle fractures that underwent ORIF with TEF but no DLR between December 2011 and December 2014...
June 2, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Seyed Ali Mosaddad, Rasoul Gheisari, Maryam Erfani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Road traffic accidents are considered a major cause of oral and maxillofacial traumas. Given that many traumatic injuries and deaths involve motorcyclists, the aim of this study was to investigate this vulnerable group in terms of oral and maxillofacial injuries following accidents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 patients with oral and maxillofacial injuries at Shahid Rajaee Hospital in Shiraz, Iran, from April to September 2017...
July 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Soram Lim, Seokho Chi, Joon Deuk Lee, Hoon-Jin Lee, Hyunjung Choi
The Korean construction industry has experienced poor labor productivity and high accident rates. Previous studies have reported that workers' mental health can cause negative impacts on work performance; thus, enhancing workers' psychological conditions would help achieve more productive and safer workplaces. This research aimed to understand the level of psychological conditions of construction field-workers using four categories: (1) stress (occupational stress and stress-coping style), (2) personal temperament, (3) emotional disturbance (depression and trait anxiety), and (4) drinking habits...
July 10, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Cuiping Ren, Qunqi Wu, Chunguo Zhang, Shengzhong Zhang
The deaths of accident occurring in land hazardous material transport (rail and road) is a scale standard for judging accident severity in safety programmes. The f - N curve is a common practice to express the results from past scattered accident data through curve fitting method, which only estimate the overall trend. For this reason, this paper proposed a simple methodology by combination of normal distribution and f - N curve. To verify the method, the following three sets of statistical data were selected and analysed in this study: 1932 accidents in over 95 countries (1931⁻2004) and 322 accidents in China (2000⁻2008) available in the literature, and 2046 accidents investigated in China (2013⁻2017)...
July 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Orapin Laosee, Cheerawit Rattanapan, Ratana Somrongthong
BACKGROUND: The size of elderly populations is growing in most areas of the world. The Thai Eleventh National Economic and Social Development Plan revealed an increase in the elderly, while numbers of younger, working-age adults decreased. Thailand has become an aging society since 2015, which is significant in that senior adults have a higher risk of involvement in motor vehicle accidents and are more susceptible to injuries and fatalities. This study investigated the role of physical and cognitive function with regard to road traffic injury in senior drivers...
June 30, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Konstantin Wechsler, Uwe Drescher, Christin Janouch, Mathias Haeger, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Otmar Bock
Human multitasking is typically studied by repeatedly presenting two tasks, either sequentially (task switch paradigms) or overlapping in time (dual-task paradigms). This is different from everyday life, which typically presents an ever-changing sequence of many different tasks. Realistic multitasking therefore requires an ongoing orchestration of task switching and dual-tasking. Here we investigate whether the age-related decay of multitasking, which has been documented with pure task-switch and pure dual-task paradigms, can also be quantified with a more realistic car driving paradigm...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Željko Šarić, Xuecai Xu, Li Duan, Darko Babić
OBJECTIVE: This study intended to investigate the interactions between accident rate and traffic signs in state roads located in Croatia, and accommodate the heterogeneity attributed to unobserved factors. The data from 130 state roads between 2012 and 2016 were collected from Traffic Accident Database System maintained by the Republic of Croatia Ministry of the Interior. METHODS: To address the heterogeneity, a panel quantile regression model was proposed, in which quantile regression model offers a more complete view and a highly comprehensive analysis of the relationship between accident rate and traffic signs, while the panel data model accommodates the heterogeneity attributed to unobserved factors...
June 20, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Jindong Ding Petersen, Volkert Dirk Siersma, René Depont Christensen, Maria Munch Storsveen, Connie Thurøe Nielsen, Mikkel Vass, Frans Boch Waldorff
AIM: We used register-based data to estimate the effect of all-type dementia on road traffic accidents (RTAs) risk, combined with comorbidities or sedative medicines, among non-institutionalized older people in Denmark. METHODS: The source population was all residents in Denmark aged 65 years and older, alive as of January 1, 2008 ( n = 853,228). Cases were those who had any type of RTA in 2009-2014. Each case was matched for age, sex and geographic location to 4-6 controls...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Natalia Chmura, Aleksandra Borowska-Solonynko, Małgorzata Brzozowska, Sylwia Tarka, Ludomir Niewiadomski
Suicide behind the steering wheel of a car is a relatively rare discovery, particularly if the cause of death is hanging. Therefore, such events give rise to suspicions that third parties were involved. This paper presents a case of hanging on the threshold of a car door, although what was taken into consideration during the investigation was suicide, death as a result of a road accident, accidental hanging on the seat belt, and even homicide. The cause of death was determined thanks to a very thorough autopsy which also involved the dissection of extremities and was complemented by additional examinations including toxicological tests...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Noor Almaadeed, Muhammad Asim, Somaya Al-Maadeed, Ahmed Bouridane, Azeddine Beghdadi
This work investigates the problem of detecting hazardous events on roads by designing an audio surveillance system that automatically detects perilous situations such as car crashes and tire skidding. In recent years, research has shown several visual surveillance systems that have been proposed for road monitoring to detect accidents with an aim to improve safety procedures in emergency cases. However, the visual information alone cannot detect certain events such as car crashes and tire skidding, especially under adverse and visually cluttered weather conditions such as snowfall, rain, and fog...
June 6, 2018: Sensors
Anna Carfora, Carlo Pietro Campobasso, Paola Cassandro, Raffaella Petrella, Renata Borriello
A recent update of the Italian Road Traffic Law (RTL 41/2016), established severe penal sanctions when drivers, driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) or drugs (DUID), are involved in road accident that results in death or injuries. A study was carried out to assess the trends of consumption of alcohol, illicit drugs or pharmaceutical among injured drivers suspected for DUI or DUID from 2009 to 2016 in the region of Campania (Italy). Confirmation toxicological analyses were performed on 780 blood samples and 1017 urine samples collected from 1797 injured drivers...
July 2018: Forensic Science International
Davide Ferrari, Monica Manca, Simone Premaschi, Giuseppe Banfi, Massimo Locatelli
Driving under the influence of illicit drugs (DUID) represents a significant menace to public safety and is therefore sanctioned with severe fines and penalties such as driving disqualification or even arrest in case the accident has caused serious injury or death. In Italy, DUID is regulated by the article 187 of the National Street Code, however, the list of the substances to be searched and their threshold concentrations are left to the 20 Italian regional authorities. A further lack of legislative standardization concerns the type of detection methods and moreover the time gap between the car accident and blood sampling...
July 2018: Forensic Science International
X Shi, Y D Wong, M Z F Li, C Chai
Accident events are generally unexpected and occur rarely. Pre-accident risk assessment by surrogate indicators is an effective way to identify risk levels and thus boost accident prediction. Herein, the concept of Key Risk Indicator (KRI) is proposed, which assesses risk exposures using hybrid indicators. Seven metrics are shortlisted as the basic indicators in KRI, with evaluation in terms of risk behaviour, risk avoidance, and risk margin. A typical real-world chain-collision accident and its antecedent (pre-crash) road traffic movements are retrieved from surveillance video footage, and a grid remapping method is proposed for data extraction and coordinates transformation...
August 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Shay Tenenbaum, Jason T Bariteau, Ofir Chechik, Adi Givon, Kobi Peleg, Ran Thein
Lower extremity fractures (LEFs) caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs) can result in significant morbidity and account for a substantial part of nonfatal injuries requiring hospitalization. This study investigated the epidemiology of RTA-associated LEFs in the pediatric population. Based on the National Trauma Registry, data of 28,924 RTA hospitalized pediatric patients were reviewed. Data were analyzed according to LEF mechanism of injury, age distribution, fracture types, associated injuries, surgical treatment, and their interrelations...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Amilcare Francesco Santamaria, Mauro Tropea, Peppino Fazio, Floriano De Rango
Nowadays, the research on vehicular computing enhanced a very huge amount of services and protocols, aimed to vehicles security and comfort. The investigation of the IEEE802.11p, Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) and Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) standards gave to the scientific world the chance to integrate new services, protocols, algorithms and devices inside vehicles. This opportunity attracted the attention of private/public organizations, which spent lot of resources and money to promote vehicular technologies...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
Cyril Muehlethaler, Yin Pak Cheng, Syed K Islam, John R Lombardi
Although ubiquitous on accident scenes, the polymers from headlight optics are often neglected in hit-and-run cases, and their evidential value restrained to direct comparison once a corresponding vehicle is found. Multilayered automotive paint fragments are preferred for their access to corresponding databases (PDQ, EUCAP) to infer models and brands of cars. The potential of polymers headlights for providing forensic intelligence has never been exploited, principally due to the lack of diversity, of appropriate databases, and of case examples...
June 2018: Forensic Science International
Soraia M Antunes, Cristina Cordeiro, Helena M Teixeira
Tractors have been described as one of the deadliest farming implements concerning agricultural activity. In Portugal, the scientific investigations about this problem are practically non-existent, with only statistical studies performed by entities related to road traffic safety, not in accordance to the study now performed, pinpointing the possibility of an underreporting of these accidents. This work aims to characterize the fatal tractor accidents in Portugal, autopsied at the Forensic Pathology Department of the Centre Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Portugal, analysing several variables: gender, age, occupation, survival time, the victim position in the tractor, cause of death, toxicological and histological exams, year/month/day of the week, type of agricultural machine, existence of rollover protective structures (ROPS), type of accident, ground conditions, circumstantial information and geographic distribution of the accidents...
June 2018: Forensic Science International
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