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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010370/rapid-timing-of-musical-aesthetic-judgments
#1
Amy M Belfi, Anna Kasdan, Jess Rowland, Edward A Vessel, G Gabrielle Starr, David Poeppel
In recent years, psychological models of perception have undergone reevaluation due to a broadening of focus toward understanding not only how observers perceive stimuli but also how they subjectively evaluate stimuli. Here, we investigated the time course of such aesthetic evaluations using a gating paradigm. In a series of experiments, participants heard excerpts of classical, jazz, and electronica music. Excerpts were of different durations (250 ms, 500 ms, 750 ms, 1,000 ms, 2,000 ms, 10,000 ms) or note values (eighth note, quarter note, half note, dotted-half note, whole note, and entire 10,000 ms excerpt)...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005061/species-in-ecosystems-and-all-that-jazz
#2
Oswald J Schmitz
Ecosystem ecologists explore how different kinds of species fit together to drive ecosystem processes such as nutrient cycling and productivity. This research is motivated by theories that assume that the suite of traits that characterize a species' form determines its function, that these traits have become fixed over evolutionary time, and that ensuing ecosystem process are not resilient to environmental change. Here, I explore new research that re-evaluates this theory. Recent results suggest that functional traits are malleable, enabling species to rapidly respond and adapt to each other as environmental conditions change with predictable effects on ecosystem processes...
July 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952176/the-effect-of-jazz-dance-on-physical-and-mental-health-of-students-with-different-physical-fitness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ziheng Wang, Guanghui An, Wanting Zhang, Guang Yang
BACKGROUND: The physical and mental health of college students tends to continuously decline worldwide. Thus, improving their health is necessary. Jazz dance may be one of the effective exercises to improve one's health. However, the effect of jazz dance exercise on different physical fitness level and whether the intensity of jazz dance exercises can improve physical and mental health simultaneously and efficiently need to be investigated. In this study, we systematically assessed the effect of jazz dance on physical and mental health of college students by a rigorous randomized, parallel-controlled design...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735764/autoregulation-of-the-s-mutans-slor-metalloregulator-is-constitutive-and-driven-by-an-independent-promoter
#4
Patrick Monette, Richard Brach, Annie Cowan, Roger Winters, Jazz Weisman, Foster Seybert, Kelsey Goguen, James Chen, Arthur Glasfeld, Grace Spatafora
Streptococcus mutans , one of ∼600 bacterial species in the human oral cavity, is among the most acidogenic constituents of the plaque biofilm. Considered to be the primary causative agent of dental caries, S. mutans harbors a 25kDa SloR metalloregulatory protein which controls metal ion transport across the bacterial cell membrane to maintain essential metal ion homeostasis. The expression of SloR derives, in part, from transcriptional readthrough of the sloABC operon which encodes a Mn2+ /Fe2+ ABC transport system...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691698/food-approach-conditioning-and-discrimination-learning-using-sound-cues-in-benthic-sharks
#5
Catarina Vila Pouca, Culum Brown
The marine environment is filled with biotic and abiotic sounds. Some of these sounds predict important events that influence fitness while others are unimportant. Individuals can learn specific sound cues and 'soundscapes' and use them for vital activities such as foraging, predator avoidance, communication and orientation. Most research with sounds in elasmobranchs has focused on hearing thresholds and attractiveness to sound sources, but very little is known about their abilities to learn about sounds, especially in benthic species...
July 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688097/-doctor-jazz-lessons-that-medical-professionals-can-learn-from-jazz-musicians
#6
Allard E van Ark, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer
BACKGROUND: The worlds of a physician and a jazz musician seem entirely different. Various studies, however, relating the concepts behind jazz music to medical practice and education, have been published. The aim of this essayistic review is to summarize previously described concepts behind jazz music and its required artistic skills that could be translated to medicine, encouraging doctors, medical students and medical educators to see their professional environment from a different perspective...
April 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599738/peer-learning-in-instrumental-practicing
#7
Siw G Nielsen, Guro G Johansen, Harald Jørgensen
In higher music education (HME), the notion of "private teaching, private learning" has a long tradition, where the learning part rests on the student's individual practicing between instrumental lessons. However, recent research suggests that collaborative learning among peers is beneficial in several aspects, such as sense of belonging, motivation and self-efficacy. This is consistent with the concept of vicarious learning. In this study, we conducted a survey among bachelor music students in church music, performance or music education programs enrolled in a music academy ( N = 96), where parts of the questionnaire addressed peer learning and peer's influence on the students's instrumental practicing, and the degree of satisfaction with their practicing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515867/shared-periodic-performer-movements-coordinate-interactions-in-duo-improvisations
#8
Tuomas Eerola, Kelly Jakubowski, Nikki Moran, Peter E Keller, Martin Clayton
Human interaction involves the exchange of temporally coordinated, multimodal cues. Our work focused on interaction in the visual domain, using music performance as a case for analysis due to its temporally diverse and hierarchical structures. We made use of two improvising duo datasets-(i) performances of a jazz standard with a regular pulse and (ii) non-pulsed, free improvizations-to investigate whether human judgements of moments of interaction between co-performers are influenced by body movement coordination at multiple timescales...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479917/neurosyphilis-in-anglo-american-composers-and-jazz-musicians
#9
REVIEW
Darko Breitenfeld, Davor Kust, Tomislav Breitenfeld, Marin Prpić, Marko Lucijanić, Davor Zibar, Vedran Hostić, Maja Franceschi, Ante Bolanča
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted, systemic disease caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum. The most common mechanism of transmission is sexual intercourse. Although there are several hypotheses, the exact origin of the disease remains unknown. Newly published evidence suggests that the hypothesis supporting the theory of the American origin of the disease is the valid one. Among 1500 analyzed pathographies of composers and musicians, data on ten Anglo-American composers and jazz musicians having suffered from neurosyphilis (tertiary stage of the disease) were extracted for this report...
September 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#10
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408646/utrophin-up-regulation-by-artificial-transcription-factors-induces-muscle-rescue-and-impacts-the-neuromuscular-junction-in-mdx-mice
#11
Cinzia Pisani, Georgios Strimpakos, Francesca Gabanella, Maria Grazia Di Certo, Annalisa Onori, Cinzia Severini, Siro Luvisetto, Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Irene Carrozzo, Antonio Esposito, Tamara Canu, Elisabetta Mattei, Nicoletta Corbi, Claudio Passananti
Up-regulation of the dystrophin-related gene utrophin represents a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). In order to re-program the utrophin expression level in muscle, we engineered artificial zinc finger transcription factors (ZF-ATFs) that target the utrophin 'A' promoter. We have previously shown that the ZF-ATF "Jazz", either by transgenic manipulation or by systemic adeno-associated viral delivery, induces significant rescue of muscle function in dystrophic "mdx" mice...
April 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364920/correlated-microtiming-deviations-in-jazz-and-rock-music
#12
Mathias Sogorski, Theo Geisel, Viola Priesemann
Musical rhythms performed by humans typically show temporal fluctuations. While they have been characterized in simple rhythmic tasks, it is an open question what is the nature of temporal fluctuations, when several musicians perform music jointly in all its natural complexity. To study such fluctuations in over 100 original jazz and rock/pop recordings played with and without metronome we developed a semi-automated workflow allowing the extraction of cymbal beat onsets with millisecond precision. Analyzing the inter-beat interval (IBI) time series revealed evidence for two long-range correlated processes characterized by power laws in the IBI power spectral densities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318615/playing-off-the-beat-applying-the-jazz-paradigm-to-psychotherapy
#13
David Read Johnson
A jazz paradigm is applied to traditional psychotherapy practice, illuminating the links between psychotherapy and the Romantic aesthetic tradition, primarily in the centrality of concepts such as attunement. Modernist disruptions of realism during the early 20th century, such as jazz, elaborated dissonant and improvisational artistic impulses that brought new vitality to their art forms. The psychotherapeutic relationship also has potential avenues for multilevel and discrepant communication that open possibilities of freedom...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286267/landmark-lecture-on-cardiology-the-quest-for-the-ultimate-team-in-health-care-what-we-can-learn-from-musicians-about-leadership-innovation-and-teambuilding
#14
Daniel J Penny
The importance of teamwork is being increasingly recognised in healthcare. Nonetheless, it is equally recognised that teamwork is difficult. In this article, I explore whether we can learn lessons from musicians, orchestras, and conductors as we build our teams. The evolution of the role of the conductor provides useful lessons on leadership and the evolving role of the members of the orchestra on how team members can contribute to a shared outcome. The uncertainty of jazz provides useful lessons for innovation in an increasingly turbulent healthcare environment...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277649/musical-genre-dependent-behavioural-and-eeg-signatures-of-action-planning-a-comparison-between-classical-and-jazz-pianists
#15
R Bianco, G Novembre, P E Keller, A Villringer, D Sammler
It is well established that musical training induces sensorimotor plasticity. However, there are remarkable differences in how musicians train for proficient stage performance. The present EEG study outlines for the first time clear-cut neurobiological differences between classical and jazz musicians at high and low levels of action planning, revealing genre-specific cognitive strategies adopted in production. Pianists imitated chord progressions without sound that were manipulated in terms of harmony and context length to assess high-level planning of sequence-structure, and in terms of the manner of playing to assess low-level parameter specification of single acts...
April 1, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256768/roller-skating-flying-on-wheels
#16
Barbara Thompson
The new roller skates, jazzed up with urethane wheels, are flipping the disco 'rexers' and weekend thrill seekers into the emergency room-but it's too much fun to stop.
September 1979: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238387/the-tight-interlocked-rhythm-section-production-and-perception-of-synchronisation-in-jazz-trio-performance
#17
Alex Hofmann, Brian C Wesolowski, Werner Goebl
This study investigates the production and perception of timing, synchronisation and dynamics in jazz trio performances. In a production experiment, six trio combinations of one saxophonist, two bassists, and three drummers were recorded while they performed three popular jazz songs. Onset timing and dynamics of each performer were extracted and analysed. Results showed that the tempo was significantly influenced by the timing of the drummers and all performers showed higher temporal precision on the backbeats...
2017: Journal of New Music Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197304/determining-the-end-of-a-musical-turn-effects-of-tonal-cues
#18
Lauren V Hadley, Patrick Sturt, Nikki Moran, Martin J Pickering
Successful duetting requires that musicians coordinate their performance with their partners. In the case of turn-taking in improvised performance they need to be able to predict their partner's turn-end in order to accurately time their own entries. Here we investigate the cues used for accurate turn-end prediction in musical improvisations, focusing on the role of tonal structure. In a response-time task, participants more accurately determined the endings of (tonal) jazz than (non-tonal) free improvisation turns...
January 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112056/effects-of-a-resistance-training-intervention-on-strength-power-and-performance-in-adolescent-dancers
#19
Rebecca A Dowse, Mike R McGuigan, Craig Harrison
Dowse, RA, McGuigan, MR, and Harrison, C. Effects of a resistance training intervention on strength, power, and performance in adolescent dancers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine whether a 9-week resistance training program could have a significant effect on maximum lower-body strength and power, dynamic balance, and dance performance in adolescent dancers. Twelve competitive adolescent female dancers trained in jazz, ballet, and contemporary were recruited from local dance schools and assigned to a resistance training group (dance experience 9...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103407/musical-interests-and-talent-twin-jazz-musicians-and-twin-studies-twin-research-loss-of-a-preterm-multiple-conjoined-twin-conception-depression-in-fathers-of-twins-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-twin-news-high-achieving-twins-twin-children-of-a-tennis-star
#20
Nancy L Segal
Findings from twin studies of musical interests and talent are reviewed as a backdrop to the lives and careers of twin jazz musicians, Peter and Will Anderson. The Anderson twins exemplify many aspects of twin research, namely their matched musical abilities, shared musical interests, and common career. This overview is followed by reviews of studies and case reports of bereavement in families who have lost a preterm multiple birth infant, the conception of conjoined twins following in vitro fertilization (IVF), depression in fathers of twins, and twin-to-twin transfusion incidence in monochorionic-diamniotic IVF twin pairs...
December 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
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