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Zebrafish transplantation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170201/concise-review-hematopoietic-stem-cell-origins-lessons-from-embryogenesis-for-improving-regenerative-medicine
#1
Adriana De La Garza, Arpan Sinha, Teresa V Bowman
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) have extensive regenerative capacity to replace all blood cell types, an ability that is harnessed in the clinic for bone marrow transplantation. Finding appropriate donors remains a major limitation to more extensive usage of HSC-based therapies. Derivation of patient-specific HSCs from pluripotent stem cells offers great promise to remedy this problem if scientists could crack the code on how to make robust, transplantable HSCs in a dish. Studies delving into the native origins of HSC production during embryonic development should supply the necessary playbook...
January 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141764/crispr-applications-in-ophthalmologic-genome-surgery
#2
Thiago Cabral, James E DiCarlo, Sally Justus, Jesse D Sengillo, Yu Xu, Stephen H Tsang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review seeks to summarize and discuss the application of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated systems (Cas) for genome editing, also called genome surgery, in the field of ophthalmology. RECENT FINDINGS: Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account the variability of an individual's genetic sequence. Various groups have used CRISPR-Cas genome editing to make significant progress in mammalian preclinical models of eye disease, the basic science of eye development in zebrafish, the in vivo modification of ocular tissue, and the correction of stem cells with therapeutic applications...
January 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129861/transplantation-in-zebrafish
#3
J M Gansner, M Dang, M Ammerman, L I Zon
Tissue or cell transplantation is an invaluable technique with a multitude of applications including studying the developmental potential of certain cell populations, dissecting cell-environment interactions, and identifying stem cells. One key technical requirement for performing transplantation assays is the capability of distinguishing the transplanted donor cells from the endogenous host cells and tracing the donor cells over time. The zebrafish has emerged as an excellent model organism for performing transplantation assays, thanks in part to the transparency of embryos and even adults when pigment mutants are employed...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129857/discovering-novel-oncogenic-pathways-and-new-therapies-using-zebrafish-models-of-sarcoma
#4
M N Hayes, D M Langenau
Sarcoma is a type of cancer affecting connective, supportive, or soft tissue of mesenchymal origin. Despite rare incidence in adults (<1%), over 15% of pediatric cancers are sarcoma. Sadly, both adults and children with relapsed or metastatic disease have devastatingly high rates of mortality. Current treatment options for sarcoma include surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy; however, significant limitations exist with respect to the efficacy of these strategies. Strong impetus has been placed on the development of novel therapies and preclinical models for uncovering mechanisms involved in the development, progression, and therapy resistance of sarcoma...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129855/a-zebrafish-xenograft-model-for-studying-human-cancer-stem-cells-in-distant-metastasis-and-therapy-response
#5
L Chen, A Groenewoud, C Tulotta, E Zoni, M Kruithof-de Julio, G van der Horst, G van der Pluijm, B Ewa Snaar-Jagalska
Lethal and incurable bone metastasis is one of the main causes of death in multiple types of cancer. A small subpopulation of cancer stem/progenitor-like cells (CSCs), also known as tumor-initiating cells from heterogenetic cancer is considered to mediate bone metastasis. Although over the past decades numerous studies have been performed in different types of cancer, it is still difficult to track small numbers of CSCs during the onset of metastasis. With use of noninvasive high-resolution imaging, transparent zebrafish embryos can be employed to dynamically visualize cancer progression and reciprocal interaction with stroma in a living organism...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129842/studying-the-adaptive-immune-system-in-zebrafish-by-transplantation-of-hematopoietic-precursor-cells
#6
N Iwanami, I Hess, M Schorpp, T Boehm
Traditionally, transplantation has been a major experimental procedure to study the development and function of hematopoietic and immune systems. Here, we describe the use of a zebrafish strain lacking definitive hematopoiesis (cmyb(I181N)) for interspecific analysis of hematopoietic and immune cell development. Without conditioning prior to transplantation, allogeneic and xenogeneic hematopoietic progenitor cells stably engraft in adult zebrafish homozygous for the cmyb mutation. This unique animal model can be used to genetically and functionally disentangle universal and species-specific contributions of the microenvironment to hematopoietic progenitor cell maintenance and development...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041876/a-functional-bioluminescent-zebrafish-screen-for-enhancing-hematopoietic-cell-homing
#7
Yuliana Astuti, Ashley C Kramer, Amanda L Blake, Bruce R Blazar, Jakub Tolar, Mandy E Taisto, Troy C Lund
To discover small molecules that modulate hematopoietic cell homing after adoptive transfer, we created a transgenic zebrafish expressing firefly luciferase downstream of the ubiquitin promoter (ubi:luc) to serve as a hematopoietic donor. Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) was used to detect and follow ubi:luc hematopoietic cells that homed to the marrow as early as 1 day post-transplant. BLI was able to detect the biological effect of prostaglandin E2 on early homing/engraftment of donor hematopoietic cells. This system was utilized in a functional screen of small molecules to enhance homing/engraftment...
January 10, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959755/multisystem-anomalies-in-severe-combined-immunodeficiency-with-mutant-bcl11b
#8
Divya Punwani, Yong Zhang, Jason Yu, Morton J Cowan, Sadhna Rana, Antonia Kwan, Aashish N Adhikari, Carlos O Lizama, Bryce A Mendelsohn, Shawn P Fahl, Ajithavalli Chellappan, Rajgopal Srinivasan, Steven E Brenner, David L Wiest, Jennifer M Puck
Background Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is characterized by arrested T-lymphocyte production and by B-lymphocyte dysfunction, which result in life-threatening infections. Early diagnosis of SCID through population-based screening of newborns can aid clinical management and help improve outcomes; it also permits the identification of previously unknown factors that are essential for lymphocyte development in humans. Methods SCID was detected in a newborn before the onset of infections by means of screening of T-cell-receptor excision circles, a biomarker for thymic output...
1, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870830/clonal-fate-mapping-quantifies-the-number-of%C3%A2-haematopoietic-stem-cells-that-arise-during%C3%A2-development
#9
Jonathan Henninger, Buyung Santoso, Stefan Hans, Ellen Durand, Jessica Moore, Christian Mosimann, Michael Brand, David Traver, Leonard Zon
Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) arise in the developing aorta during embryogenesis. The number of HSC clones born has been estimated through transplantation, but experimental approaches to assess the absolute number of forming HSCs in a native setting have remained challenging. Here, we applied single-cell and clonal analysis of HSCs in zebrafish to quantify developing HSCs. Targeting creER(T2) in developing cd41:eGFP(+) HSCs enabled long-term assessment of their blood contribution. We also applied the Brainbow-based multicolour Zebrabow system with drl:creER(T2) that is active in early haematopoiesis to induce heritable colour barcoding unique to each HSC and its progeny...
January 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811851/establishment-of-a-congenital-amegakaryocytic-thrombocytopenia-model-and-a-thrombocyte-specific-reporter-line-in-zebrafish
#10
Q Lin, Y Zhang, R Zhou, Y Zheng, L Zhao, M Huang, X Zhang, A Y H Leung, W Zhang, Y Zhang
Mutations in the human myeloproliferative leukemia protein gene (MPL) are known to cause congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (CAMT). The prognosis of this heritable disorder is poor and bone marrow transplantation is the only effective treatment. Here, by using transcription activator-like effect or nucleases (TALEN) technology, we created a zebrafish mpl mutant to model human CAMT. Disruption of zebrafish mpl leaded to a severe reduction in thrombocytes and a high bleeding tendency, as well as deficiencies in adult HSPCs...
November 4, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810924/single-cell-imaging-of-normal-and-malignant-cell-engraftment-into-optically-clear-prkdc-null-scid-zebrafish
#11
John C Moore, Qin Tang, Nora Torres Yordán, Finola E Moore, Elaine G Garcia, Riadh Lobbardi, Ashwin Ramakrishnan, Dieuwke L Marvin, Anthony Anselmo, Ruslan I Sadreyev, David M Langenau
Cell transplantation into immunodeficient mice has revolutionized our understanding of regeneration, stem cell self-renewal, and cancer; yet models for direct imaging of engrafted cells has been limited. Here, we characterize zebrafish with mutations in recombination activating gene 2 (rag2), DNA-dependent protein kinase (prkdc), and janus kinase 3 (jak3). Histology, RNA sequencing, and single-cell transcriptional profiling of blood showed that rag2 hypomorphic mutant zebrafish lack T cells, whereas prkdc deficiency results in loss of mature T and B cells and jak3 in T and putative Natural Killer cells...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779463/a-zebrafish-live-imaging-model-reveals-differential-responses-of-microglia-toward-glioblastoma-cells-in-vivo
#12
Lloyd Hamilton, Katy R Astell, Gergana Velikova, Dirk Sieger
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common and deadliest form of brain cancer. Glioblastomas are infiltrated by a high number of microglia, which promote tumor growth and surrounding tissue invasion. However, it is unclear how microglia and glioma cells physically interact and if there are differences, depending on glioma cell type. Hence, we have developed a novel live imaging assay to study microglia-glioma interactions in vivo in the zebrafish brain. We transplanted well-established human glioblastoma cell lines, U87 and U251, into transgenic zebrafish lines with labelled macrophages/microglia...
December 2016: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694306/mycophenolic-acid-induced-developmental-defects-in-zebrafish-embryos
#13
Ling-Ling Jiang, Mei-Hui Liu, Jian-Ying Li, Zhi-Heng He, Huan Li, Ning Shen, Ping Wei, Ming-Fang He
With the increasing use of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in solid organ transplantation, some clinical studies indicate that it is also a human teratogen. However, it is unknown by which mechanism MPA acts as a teratogen. Mycophenolic acid was a selective blocker of de novo purine synthesis, and its immunosuppressive effect is mediated by the inhibition of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, which could be a target for MPA-induced toxicity as well. The aim of our study was to examine the direct influence of MPA exposure on zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos...
November 2016: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601584/t-cell-immune-deficiency-in-zap70-mutant-zebrafish
#14
John C Moore, Timothy S Mulligan, Nora Torres Yordán, Daniel Castranova, Van N Pham, Qin Tang, Riadh Lobbardi, Anthony Anselmo, Robert S Liwski, Jason N Berman, Ruslan I Sadreyev, Brant M Weinstein, David M Langenau
The zeta-chain (TCR) associated protein kinase 70kDa (ZAP70) is required for T-cell activation. ZAP70 deficiencies in humans and null mutations in mice lead to severe combined immunodeficiency. Here, we describe a zap70 loss-of-function mutation in zebrafish (zap70(y442)) that was created using TALENs. In contrast to what has been reported in morphant zebrafish, zap70(y442) homozygous mutant zebrafish displayed normal development of blood and lymphatic vasculature. Hematopoietic cell development was also largely unaffected in mutant larvae...
September 6, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571019/arl13b-interacts-with-vangl2-to-regulate-cilia-and-photoreceptor-outer-segment-length-in-zebrafish
#15
Ping Song, Lynn Dudinsky, Joseph Fogerty, Robert Gaivin, Brian D Perkins
PURPOSE: Mutations in the gene ARL13B cause the classical form of Joubert syndrome, an autosomal recessive ciliopathy with variable degrees of retinal degeneration. As second-site modifier alleles can contribute to retinal pathology in ciliopathies, animal models provide a unique platform to test how genetic interactions modulate specific phenotypes. In this study, we analyzed the zebrafish arl13b mutant for retinal degeneration and for epistatic relationships with the planar cell polarity protein (PCP) component vangl2...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554369/a-zebrafish-mosaic-assay-to-study-mammalian-stem-cells-in-real-time-in-vivo
#16
Chun Xiao, Meilin Qian, Chaoran Yin, Yonggang Zhang, Huozhen Hu, Shaohua Yao
The differentiation potentials of stem cells have been evaluated by various in vivo and in vitro assays. However, these assays have different limitations hindering efficient study of mammalian stem cells. Here we describe a rapid and powerful mosaic assay to study the differentiation potentials of stem cells in real time in vivo by using zebrafish embryo. We transplanted mouse neural stem cells into zebrafish embryos at different developmental stages and found that they mainly formed neural tissues while occasionally trans-differentiated into mesoderm- and endoderm-derived tissues...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526058/loss-of-a-candidate-biliary-atresia-susceptibility-gene-add3a-causes-biliary-developmental-defects-in-zebrafish
#17
Vivian Tang, Zenobia C Cofer, Shuang Cui, Valerie Sapp, Kathleen M Loomes, Randolph P Matthews
OBJECTIVES: Biliary atresia (BA) is a progressive fibroinflammatory cholangiopathy affecting the bile ducts of neonates. Although BA is the leading indication for pediatric liver transplantation, the etiology remains elusive. Adducin 3 (ADD3) and X-prolyl aminopeptidase 1 (XPNPEP1) are 2 genes previously identified in genome-wide association studies as potential BA susceptibility genes. Using zebrafish, we investigated the importance of ADD3 and XPNPEP1 in functional studies. METHODS: To determine whether loss of either gene leads to biliary defects, we performed morpholino antisense oligonucleotide (MO) knockdown studies targeting add3a and xpnpep1 in zebrafish...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484862/concise-review-hematopoietic-stem-cell-origins-lessons-from-embryogenesis-for-improving-regenerative-medicine
#18
Adriana De La Garza, Arpan Sinha, Teresa V Bowman
: : Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) have extensive regenerative capacity to replace all blood cell types, an ability that is harnessed in the clinic for bone marrow transplantation. Finding appropriate donors remains a major limitation to more extensive usage of HSC-based therapies. Derivation of patient-specific HSCs from pluripotent stem cells offers great promise to remedy this problem if scientists could crack the code on how to make robust, transplantable HSCs in a dish. Studies delving into the native origins of HSC production during embryonic development should supply the necessary playbook...
August 2, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477767/the-endoderm-indirectly-influences-morphogenetic-movements-of-the-zebrafish-head-kidney-through-the-posterior-cardinal-vein-and-vegfc
#19
Chih-Wei Chou, Hsiao-Chu Hsu, May-Su You, Jamie Lin, Yi-Wen Liu
Integration of blood vessels and organ primordia determines organ shape and function. The head kidney in the zebrafish interacts with the dorsal aorta (DA) and the posterior cardinal vein (PCV) to achieve glomerular filtration and definitive hematopoiesis, respectively. How the head kidney co-develops with both the axial artery and vein remains unclear. We found that in endodermless sox32-deficient embryos, the head kidney associated with the PCV but not the DA. Disrupted convergent migration of the PCV and the head kidney in sox32-deficient embryos was rescued in a highly coordinated fashion through the restoration of endodermal cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443941/new-frontiers-for-zebrafish-management
#20
C Lawrence
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a preeminent model organism with a wide and expanding utility for numerous scientific disciplines. The same features that once endeared this small freshwater minnow to developmental biologists combined with its relatively high genetic similarity to mammals and the advent of new, more efficient methods for genome editing are now helping to spur expanded growth in its usage in various fields, including toxicology, drug discovery, transplant biology, disease modeling, and even aquaculture...
2016: Methods in Cell Biology
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