Read by QxMD icon Read

Hypoxic ischemic injury

Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Chiara Stranieri, Anna Maria Rigoni, Sergio De Marchi, Denise Peserico, Chiara Mozzini, Luciano Cominacini, Ulisse Garbin
AIM: Ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) that damage cells and favour cytotoxicity and apoptosis in peripheral artery disease (PAD) patients. Since brief episodes of I-R (ischemic conditioning) protect cells against ischemic harms, we evaluated whether a short-course of supervised treadmill training, characterized by repeated episodes of I-R, makes peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from PAD patients with intermittent claudication more resistant to I-R injuries by reducing oxidative stress and by inducing an adaptative response of unfolded protein response (UPR) and nuclear factor-E2-related factor (Nrf2) pathway expression...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Juan Zhang, Lorelei Donovan Tucker, DongYan, Yujiao Lu, Luodan Yang, Chongyun Wu, Yong Li, Quanguang Zhang
Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) encephalopathy is a leading cause of dire mortality and morbidity in neonates. Unfortunately, no effective therapies have been developed as of yet. Oxidative stress plays a critical role in pathogenesis and progression of neonatal HI. Previously, as a Nrf2 activator, tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) has been demonstrated to exert neuroprotection on brain trauma and ischemic stroke models, as well as oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity in neurons. It is, however, still unknown whether TBHQ administration can protect against oxidative stress in neonatal HI brain injury...
March 9, 2018: Neurochemistry International
Xu Chen, Xuan Li, Wenyan Zhang, Jie He, Bo Xu, Bin Lei, Zhenhua Wang, Courtney Cates, Thomas Rousselle, Ji Li
BACKGROUND: AMP-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) is a stress-activated kinase that protects against cardiomyocyte injury during ischemia and reperfusion. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), a mitogen activated protein kinase, is activated by ischemia and reperfusion. NF-κB is an important transcription factor involved in ischemia and reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: The intrinsic activation of AMPK attenuates the inflammation which occurred during ischemia/reperfusion through the modulation of the JNK mediated NF-κB signaling pathway...
March 8, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Heather Campbell, Rathinaswamy B Govindan, Srinivas Kota, Tareq Al-Shargabi, Marina Metzler, Nickie Andescavage, Taeun Chang, Gilbert Vezina, Adre du Plessis, An N Massaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and evidence of autonomic dysfunction have aberrant physiological responses to care events that could contribute to evolving brain injury. STUDY DESIGN: Continuous tracings of heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), cerebral near infrared spectroscopy, and video electroencephalogram data were recorded from newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy who were treated with hypothermia...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Sandra E Juul, Bryan A Comstock, Patrick J Heagerty, Dennis E Mayock, Amy M Goodman, Stephanie Hauge, Fernando Gonzalez, Yvonne W Wu
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) remains an important cause of neonatal death and frequently leads to significant long-term disability in survivors. Therapeutic hypothermia, while beneficial, still leaves many treated infants with lifelong disabilities. Adjunctive therapies are needed, and erythropoietin (Epo) has the potential to provide additional neuroprotection. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review the current incidence, mechanism of injury, and sequelae of HIE, and to describe a new phase III randomized, placebo-controlled trial of Epo neuroprotection in term and near-term infants with moderate to severe HIE treated with therapeutic hypothermia...
March 7, 2018: Neonatology
Lilly L Chang, James L Wynn, Marisa J Pacella, Candace C Rossignol, Felix Banadera, Neil Alviedo, Alfonso Vargas, Jeffrey Bennett, Melissa Huene, Nicole Copenhaver, Livia Sura, Kimberly Barnette, Jayne Solomon, Nikolay A Bliznyuk, Josef Neu, Michael D Weiss
BACKGROUND: Withholding enteral feedings during hypothermia lacks supporting evidence. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine if minimal enteral nutrition (MEN) during hypothermia in patients with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy was associated with a reduced duration of parenteral nutrition, time to full oral feeds, and length of stay, but would not be associated with increased systemic inflammation or feeding complications. METHODS: We performed a pilot, retrospective, matched case-control study within the Florida Neonatal Neurologic Network from December 2012 to May 2016 of patients who received MEN during hypothermia (n = 17) versus those who were not fed (n = 17)...
March 6, 2018: Neonatology
Lina Chalak, Samantha Latremouille, Imran Mir, Pablo J Sánchez, Guilherme Sant'Anna
A review of the conundrum called mild hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is provided. During the past decades, the definition of HIE has evolved to accommodate the short window of time required for the initiation of therapeutic hypothermia. Also, neurological evaluations have changed with the use of simpler staging systems that can be applied within the first 6 h of life. In this review, we discuss the challenges in the identification of newborns with "mild HIE" within 6 h after birth, the limitations in the existing early biomarkers of brain injury, and the current knowledge gaps in the long term neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants diagnosed with mild HIE...
March 2, 2018: Early Human Development
Qingyi Ma, Lubo Zhang
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is the most common cause of brain injury in neonates, which leads to high neonatal mortality and severe neurological morbidity in later life (Vannucci, 2000; Volpe, 2001). Yet the molecular mechanisms of neuronal death and brain damage induced by neonatal HI remain largely elusive. Herein, using both in vivo and in vitro models, we determine an endogenous neuroprotectant role of c-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) in preserving neuronal survival after HI brain injury in mouse pups...
March 5, 2018: Experimental Neurology
Ying Xie, Daofang Jiang, Jing Xiao, Chensheng Fu, Zhenxing Zhang, Zhibin Ye, Xiaoli Zhang
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has a strong renoprotective effect during renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury that is thought to relate to autophagy. However, the role of autophagy during IPC-afforded renoprotection and the precise mechanisms involved are unknown. In this study, an in vitro hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model was established in which oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) was applied to renal cells for 15 h followed by reoxygenation under normal conditions for 30 min, 2 h or 6 h; transient OGD and subsequent reoxygenation were implemented before prolonged H/R injury to achieve hypoxic preconditioning (HPC)...
March 1, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
An N Massaro, Yvonne W Wu, Theo K Bammler, Bryan Comstock, Amit Mathur, Robert C McKinstry, Taeun Chang, Dennis E Mayock, Sarah B Mulkey, Krisa Van Meurs, Sandra Juul
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate plasma brain specific proteins and cytokines as biomarkers of brain injury in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and, secondarily, to assess the effect of erythropoietin (Epo) treatment on the relationship between biomarkers and outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A study of candidate brain injury biomarkers was conducted in the context of a phase II multicenter randomized trial evaluating Epo for neuroprotection in HIE. Plasma was collected at baseline (<24 hours) and on day 5...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Molly Potter, Ted Rosenkrantz, R Holly Fitch
The current study investigated behavioral and post mortem neuroanatomical outcomes in Wistar rats with a neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury induced on postnatal day 6 (P6; Rice-Vannucci HI method; Rice et al., 1981). This preparation models brain injury seen in premature infants (gestational age (GA) 32-35 weeks) based on shared neurodevelopmental markers at time of insult, coupled with similar neuropathologic sequelae (Rice et al., 1981; Workman et al., 2013). Clinically, HI insult during this window is associated with poor outcomes that include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), motor coordination deficits, spatial memory deficits, and language/learning disabilities...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Kiran S More, Pankaj Sakhuja, Regan E Giesinger, Joseph Y Ting, Matthew Keyzers, Jesal N Sheth, Anie Lapointe, Amish Jain, Aideen M Moore, Steven P Miller, Patrick J McNamara
OBJECTIVE:  This article compares hemodynamic characteristics of neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) receiving therapeutic hypothermia (TH) with normal versus abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS:  Serial echocardiography (echo) was performed within 24 hours, after 48 to 72 hours of cooling, within 24 hours of normothermia, and after starting feeds. Pulmonary hemodynamics, cardiac output, and ventricular function were evaluated...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Hans Jørgen Timm Guthe, Torbjørn Nedrebø, Jan Kristian Damås, Helge Wiig, Ansgar Berg
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia is neuroprotective in asphyxiated neonates by counteracting mechanisms contributing to brain injury. Although an initial increased permeability is part of an inflammatory reaction and thereby a natural healing process, an excessive endothelial permeability with edema formation may result in impaired hemodynamics. Reduced permeability may, however, benefit healing. Although plasma and interstitial colloid osmotic pressure are accessible and essential parameters for understanding fluid imbalance, the mechanisms of fluid exchange remain poorly understood...
February 23, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Jason A Justice, Russell M Sanchez
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) refers to acute brain injury that results from perinatal asphyxia. HIE is a major cause of neonatal seizures, and outcomes can range from apparent recovery to severe cognitive impairment, cerebral palsy, and epilepsy. Acute partial seizures frequently aid in indicating the severity and localization of brain injury. However, evidence also suggests that the occurrence of seizures further increases the likelihood of epilepsy in later life regardless of the severity of the initial injury...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Malte Kölling, Celina Genschel, Tamas Kaucsar, Anika Hübner, Song Rong, Roland Schmitt, Inga Sörensen-Zender, George Haddad, Andreas Kistler, Harald Seeger, Jan T Kielstein, Danilo Fliser, Hermann Haller, Rudolf Wüthrich, Martin Zörnig, Thomas Thum, Johan Lorenzen
Renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). Non-coding RNAs are crucially involved in its pathophysiology. We identified hypoxia-induced long non-coding RNA Malat1 (Metastasis Associated Lung Adenocarcinoma Transcript 1) to be upregulated in renal I/R injury. We here elucidated the functional role of Malat1 in vitro and its potential contribution to kidney injury in vivo. Malat1 was upregulated in kidney biopsies and plasma of patients with AKI, in murine hypoxic kidney tissue as well as in cultured and ex vivo sorted hypoxic endothelial cells and tubular epithelial cells...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Isabel Benavente-Fernandez, Juan J Ramos-Rodriguez, Carmen Infante-Garcia, Gema Jimenez-Gomez, Alfonso Lechuga-Sancho, Simon Lubian-Lopez, Monica Garcia-Alloza
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a severe neonatal complication responsible for ∼23% of all neonatal deaths. Also, 30-70% of these patients will suffer lifetime disabilities, including learning impairment, epilepsy or cerebral palsy. However, biomarkers for HIE screening, or monitoring disease progression are limited. Herein, we sought to evaluate the clinical usefulness of plasma-type gelsolin (pGSN) and amyloid-beta (Aβ) 40 and 42 as prognostic biomarkers for HIE. pGSN has been previously suggested as a feasible marker in other brain injuries and amyloid-beta 40 and 42 are classically assessed in neurodegenerative diseases...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Lyndsey E Stessman, Eric S Peeples
Emerging evidence has demonstrated that vitamin D plays an important role in many adult neurologic disorders, but is also critical in neuronal development and pruning in the neonatal and pediatric populations. Neonates are at a particularly high risk of vitamin D deficiency, in part due to the high prevalence of maternal deficiency during pregnancy. Several preclinical studies have demonstrated that infants born to vitamin D-deficient mothers are at a high risk of developing neonatal brain injury, and recent clinical studies have shown that neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) tend to be vitamin D-deficient...
February 21, 2018: Neonatology
Byong Sop Lee, Dong-Cheol Woo, Chul-Woong Woo, Ki-Soo Kim
β-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB) is a representative ketone body that may play a role in the mitigation of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy by altering energy metabolism. This study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective efficacy of exogenous BHB administration in a suckling rat model after hypoxia-ischemia (HI). Thirteen-day-old (P13) rat pups were subjected to 120 min of hypoxia according to the Rice-Vannucci model. BHB (5.0 mmol/kg, HI-BHB) or vehicle (0.9% saline, HI-Veh) was administered 0, 2, 4, and 6 h after HI induction...
February 21, 2018: Developmental Neuroscience
Emad E Ghobrial, Salma Z Elhouchi, Sarah S Eltatawy, Lilian O Beshara
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the newborn is a common problem in the neonatal intensive care unit with many underlying factors such as asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and urogenital anomalies. The aim of this study is to highlight possible risk factors and profile of neonates developing AKI in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Cairo University Pediatric Hospital. The study was carried out on 90 neonates (30 patients and 60 controls), among neonates admitted to NICU. The study was done over two months, from January 2015 to March 2015...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
B Resitoglu, Y Celik, M Komur, A Polat, S Erdogan, A E Arslankoylu, H Beydagi
OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed to determine the effect of ozone therapy in neonatal rats with experimentally induced hypoxic ischemic brain injury (HIBI). METHODS: The study included 7-d-old male Wistar rats that were randomized to the sham, control, ozone 1, and ozone 2 groups. All rats except those in the sham group were kept in a hypoxia chamber, and then the rats in the control group were given 0.5 mL of saline. Those in the ozone 1 group were given ozone 1 mg kg-1 intraperitoneally, and those in the ozone 2 group were given ozone 2 mg kg-1 intraperitoneally...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"