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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30533171/role-of-mitochondria-in-the-oxidative-stress-induced-by-electromagnetic-fields-focus-on-reproductive-systems
#1
REVIEW
Silvano Junior Santini, Valeria Cordone, Stefano Falone, Mahmut Mijit, Carla Tatone, Fernanda Amicarelli, Giovanna Di Emidio
Modern technologies relying on wireless communication systems have brought increasing levels of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure. This increased research interest in the effects of these radiations on human health. There is compelling evidence that EMFs affect cell physiology by altering redox-related processes. Considering the importance of redox milieu in the biological competence of oocyte and sperm, we reviewed the existing literature regarding the effects of EMFs on reproductive systems. Given the role of mitochondria as the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), we focused on the hypothesis of a mitochondrial basis of EMF-induced reproductive toxicity...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530090/exposure-and-health-risks-perception-of-extremely-low-frequency-and-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-fields-and-the-effect-of-providing-information
#2
Mara Gallastegi, Ana Jiménez-Zabala, Amaia Molinuevo, Juan J Aurrekoetxea, Loreto Santa-Marina, Laura Vozmediano, Jesús Ibarluzea
Given that regardless of actual exposure levels, high-risk perceptions of electromagnetic fields of non-ionizing radiation (EMF-NIR) may cause health effects, it is important to understand the mechanisms behind perceptions in the general population. The aims of this study were to assess perceptions of both exposure and health-risk among mothers of the INMA (Environment and childhood)-Gipuzkoa child cohort; to explore possible determinants that explain such perceptions; and to evaluate whether providing information on exposure levels has any effect on perceptions...
November 28, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530085/health-effects-of-wind-turbines-on-humans-in-residential-settings-results-of-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Alice Freiberg, Christiane Schefter, Maria Girbig, Vanise C Murta, Andreas Seidler
INTRODUCTION: As the global number of wind turbines has increased steadily in recent years, as has the number of studies about putative health effects in residential settings, it is the review purpose to give an overview of the characteristics and methodologies of the scientific literature around the topic in order to identify research gaps and to derive implications for research and practice. Additionally, study findings from higher-quality observational studies as well as results that seem to be of interest for the scientific and political debate are presented...
November 25, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30523884/sensitivity-analysis-of-neurodynamic-and-electromagnetic-simulation-parameters-for-robust-prediction-of-peripheral-nerve-stimulation
#4
Valerie Klein, Mathias Davids, Lawrence L Wald, Lothar R Schad, Bastien Guerin
<b>Purpose:</b> Peripheral Nerve Stimulation (PNS) has become an important limitation for fast MR imaging using the latest gradient hardware. We have recently developed a simulation framework to predict PNS thresholds and stimulation locations in the body for arbitrary coil geometries to inform the gradient coil optimization process. Our approach couples electromagnetic field simulations in realistic body models to a neurodynamic model of peripheral nerve fibers. In this work, we systematically analyze the impact of key parameters on the predicted PNS thresholds to assess the robustness of the simulation results...
November 22, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30481957/possible-effects-of-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-on-central-nerve-system
#5
REVIEW
Ju Hwan Kim, Jin-Koo Lee, Hyung-Gun Kim, Kyu-Bong Kim, Hak Rim Kim
Technological advances of mankind, through the development of electrical and communication technologies, have resulted in the exposure to artificial electromagnetic fields (EMF). Technological growth is expected to continue; as such, the amount of EMF exposure will continue to increase steadily. In particular, the use-time of smart phones, that have become a necessity for modern people, is steadily increasing. Social concerns and interest in the impact on the cranial nervous system are increased when considering the area where the mobile phone is used...
November 27, 2018: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30426554/disentangling-the-effects-of-high-permittivity-materials-on-signal-optimization-and-sample-noise-reduction-via-ideal-current-patterns
#6
Manushka V Vaidya, Daniel K Sodickson, Christopher M Collins, Riccardo Lattanzi
PURPOSE: To investigate how high-permittivity materials (HPMs) can improve SNR when placed between MR detectors and the imaged body. METHODS: We used a simulation framework based on dyadic Green's functions to calculate the electromagnetic field inside a uniform dielectric sphere at 7 Tesla, with and without a surrounding layer of HPM. SNR-optimizing (ideal) current patterns were expressed as the sum of signal-optimizing (signal-only) current patterns and dark mode current patterns that minimize sample noise while contributing nothing to signal...
November 13, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30424192/development-of-multiple-capsule-robots-in-pipe
#7
Shuxiang Guo, Qiuxia Yang, Luchang Bai, Yan Zhao
Swallowable capsule robots which travel in body cavities to implement drug delivery, minimally invasive surgery, and diagnosis have provided great potential for medical applications. However, the space constraints of the internal environment and the size limitations of the robots are great challenges to practical application. To address the fundamental challenges of narrow body cavities, a different-frequency driven approach for multiple capsule robots with screw structure manipulated by external electromagnetic field is proposed in this paper...
May 25, 2018: Micromachines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418958/novel-mechanistic-model-and-computational-approximation-for-electromagnetic-safety-evaluations-of-electrically-short-implants
#8
Ilaria Liorni, Esra Neufeld, Sven Kühn, Manuel Murbach, Earl Zastrow, Wolfgang Kainz, Niels Kuster
This paper addresses unresolved issues related to the safety of persons with conductive medical implants exposed to electromagnetic (EM) fields. When exposed to EM fields compatible with the reference limits-in particular  <100 MHz-implants may enhance local fields and energy absorption to values much higher than the basic restrictions that are considered safe. A mechanistic model based on transfer functions has been postulated for elongated active implants at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) frequencies and used as a basis for standards dealing with MRI implant safety...
November 12, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412473/a-multi-scale-computational-approach-based-on-tms-experiments-for-the-assessment-of-electro-stimulation-thresholds-of-the-brain-at-intermediate-frequencies
#9
Marco Soldati, Marko Mikkonen, Ilkka Laakso, Takenobu Murakami, Yoshikazu Ugawa, Akimasa Hirata
In recent years, human exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) at intermediate frequencies (300 Hz-10 MHz) has risen, mainly due to the growth of technologies using these fields. The current safety guidelines/standards defined by international bodies (e.g. ICNIRP and IEEE) established basic restrictions for limiting EMF exposure. These limits at intermediate frequencies are derived from threshold values of the internal electric field that may produce transient effects, such as the stimulation of the nervous system...
November 9, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366401/electromagnetic-analysis-characterization-and-discussion-of-inductive-transmission-parameters-for-titanium-based-housing-materials-in-active-medical-implantable-devices
#10
Waldemar Gruenwald, Mayukh Bhattacharrya, Dirk Jansen, Leonhard Reindl
The growing demand for active medical implantable devices requires data and or power links between the implant and the outside world. Every implant has to be encapsulated from the body by a specific housing and one of the most common materials used is titanium or titanium alloy. Titanium thas the necessary properties in terms of mechanical and chemical stability and biocompatibility. However, its electrical conductivity presents a challenge for the electromagnetic transmission of data and power. The proposed paper presents a fast and practical method to determine the necessary transmission parameters for titanium encapsulated implants...
October 25, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320037/does-exposure-to-static-magnetic-fields-generated-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-scanners-raise-safety-problems-for-personnel
#11
A Ghadimi-Moghadam, S M J Mortazavi, A Hosseini-Moghadam, M Haghani, S Taeb, M A Hosseini, N Rastegariyan, F Arian, L Sanipour, S Aghajari, S A R Mortazavi, A Soofi, M R Dizavandi
MRI workers are occupationally exposed to static and time-varying gradient magnetic fields. While the 24-hour time-averaged exposure to static magnetic fields is about a few mT, the maximum static field strength can be as high as 500 mT during patient setup. Over the past several years, our laboratory has performed extensive experiments on the health effects of exposure of animal models and humans to different sources of electromagnetic fields such as cellular phones, mobile base stations, mobile phone jammers, laptop computers, radars, dentistry cavitrons and MRI...
September 2018: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314345/multi-objective-optimization-of-a-wireless-body-area-network-for-varying-body-positions
#12
Łukasz Januszkiewicz, Paolo Di Barba, Sławomir Hausman
The purpose of this research was to improve the performance of a wireless body area sensor network, operating on a person in the seated and standing positions. Optimization-focused on both the on-body transmission channel and off-body link performance. The system consists of three nodes. One node (on the user's head) is fixed, while the positions of the other two (one on the user's trunk and the other on one leg) with respect to the body (local coordinates) are design variables. The objective function used in the design process is characterized by two components: the first controls the wireless channel for on-body data transmission between the three sensor nodes, while the second controls the off-body transmission between the nodes and a remote transceiver...
October 11, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306471/surgical-navigation-in-orthopedics-workflow-and-system-review
#13
Chidozie H Ewurum, Yingying Guo, Seang Pagnha, Zhao Feng, Xiongbiao Luo
Orthopedic surgery is a widely performed clinical procedure that deals with problems in relation to the bones, joints, and ligaments of the human body, such as musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders. Surgical navigation is generally recognized as the next generation technology of orthopedic surgery. The development of orthopedic navigation systems aims to analyze pre-, intra- and/or postoperative data in multiple modalities and provide an augmented reality 3-D visualization environment to improve clinical outcomes of surgical orthopedic procedures...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306381/applications-of-wireless-power-transfer-in-medicine-state-of-the-art-reviews
#14
REVIEW
Julian Moore, Sharon Castellanos, Sheng Xu, Bradford Wood, Hongliang Ren, Zion Tsz Ho Tse
Magnetic resonance within the field of wireless power transfer has seen an increase in popularity over the past decades. This rise can be attributed to the technological advances of electronics and the increased efficiency of popular battery technologies. The same principles of electromagnetic theory can be applied to the medical field. Several medical devices intended for use inside the body use batteries and electrical circuits that could be powered wirelessly. Other medical devices limit the mobility or make patients uncomfortable while in use...
October 10, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305830/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-protective-patches-on-acupoints-to-preserve-the-bioenergetic-status-against-magnetic-fields
#15
Claudio Molinari, Ian Stoppa, Nicola Limardo, Francesca Uberti
The potentially harmful nature of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and static magnetic fields (SMF) has become a major problem in recent years. All these elements could be combined to produce cellular responses. For example, the orientation of molecules of water or other complex molecules, growth and cell viability, cell morphology, and intracellular metabolic pathways have demonstrated binding to magnetic fields. The effect of EMF and SMF on humans is a topic of great importance, especially because modern technology has introduced artificial magnetic fields such as those generated by power lines, mobile communications, and medical imaging equipment...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30290199/effects-of-exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-on-spatial-and-passive-avoidance-learning-and-memory-anxiety-like-behavior-and-oxidative-stress-in-male-rats
#16
Seyed Asaad Karimi, Iraj Salehi, Teimor Shykhi, Samad Zare, Alireza Komaki
There are many controversies about the safety of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) on body health and cognitive performance. In the present study, we explored the effects of ELF-EMF on oxidative stress and behaviors of rats. Seventy-two adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into following groups, control, sham exposure group and the ELF-EMF exposure groups (1 μT, 100 μT, 500 μT, and 2000 μT). After 60 days exposure (2 h/day), elevated plus maze (EPM), Morris water maze (MWM) and Passive avoidance learning (PAL) tasks were used to evaluate the anxiety-like behavior, spatial and passive learning and memory, respectively...
October 2, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279424/electromagnetic-fields-due-to-the-wake-of-a-moving-slender-body-in-a-finite-depth-ocean-with-density-stratification
#17
Zhi-Hua Xu, Chang-Ping Du, Ming-Yao Xia
Weak electric currents are induced in moving seawater by cutting the geomagnetic fields. These electric currents can produce measurable electromagnetic fields that may be used for some purposes such as monitoring of ocean internal waves. This article is aimed at presenting the procedure to calculate the electromagnetic fields owing to the wake raised by an undersea moving slender body. A pair of Havelock point sources are introduced to model the moving body, which generate the similar wake at places far from the body...
October 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243973/rf-induced-heating-in-tissue-near-bilateral-dbs-implants-during-mri-at-1-5-t-and-3t-the-role-of-surgical-lead-management
#18
Laleh Golestanirad, John Kirsch, Giorgio Bonmassar, Sean Downs, Behzad Elahi, Alastair Martin, Maria-Ida Iacono, Leonardo M Angelone, Boris Keil, Lawrence L Wald, Julie Pilitsis
Access to MRI is limited for patients with deep brain stimulation (DBS) implants due to safety hazards, including radiofrequency (RF) heating of tissue surrounding the leads. Computational models provide an exquisite tool to explore the multi-variate problem of RF heating and help better understand the interaction of electromagnetic fields and biological tissues. This paper presents a computational approach to assess RF-induced heating, in terms of specific absorption rate (SAR) in the tissue, around the tip of bilateral DBS leads during MRI at 64MHz/1...
January 1, 2019: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230021/semi-automated-generation-of-individual-computational-models-of-the-human-head-and-torso-from-mr-images
#19
Benjamin Kalloch, Jens Bode, Mikhail Kozlov, André Pampel, Mario Hlawitschka, Bernhard Sehm, Arno Villringer, Harald E Möller, Pierre-Louis Bazin
PURPOSE: Simulating the interaction of the human body with electromagnetic fields is an active field of research. Individualized models are increasingly being used, as anatomical differences affect the simulation results. We introduce a processing pipeline for creating individual surface-based models of the human head and torso for application in simulation software based on unstructured grids. The pipeline is designed for easy applicability and is publicly released on figshare. METHODS: The pipeline covers image acquisition, segmentation, generation of segmentation masks, and surface mesh generation of the single, external boundary of each structure of interest...
September 19, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228775/electromagnetic-simulation-for-diagnosing-damage-to-femoral-neck-vasculature-a-feasibility-study
#20
James Rizkalla, Matthew Jeffers, Paul Salama, Maher Rizkalla
Background: Femoral neck fractures are common injuries managed by orthopedic surgeons across the world. From pediatrics to geriatrics, disruption of the blood supply to the femoral neck is a well-recognized source of morbidity and mortality, oftentimes resulting in avascular necrosis of the femoral head. This devastating complication occurs in 10-45% of femoral neck fractures. Therefore, it is vital for orthopedic surgeons provide efficient treatment of this injury, in order to optimize the patient's potential outcome and prevent long-term sequelae...
December 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
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