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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26537506/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-characteristics-and-performances-of-medical-students-and-graduates-from-the-arab-countries
#1
Ara Tekian, John Boulet
BACKGROUND: While international physician migration has been studied extensively, more focused and regional explorations are not commonplace. In many Arab countries, medical education is conducted in English and students/graduates seek postgraduate opportunities in other countries such as the United States (US). Eligibility for residency training in the US requires certification by the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG). This study investigates ECFMG application trends, examination performance, and US physician practice data to quantify the abilities and examine the career pathways of Arab-trained physicians...
2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23605098/examining-changes-in-certification-licensure-requirements-and-the-international-medical-graduate-examinee-pool
#2
Danette W McKinley, Brian J Hess, John R Boulet, Rebecca S Lipner
Changes in certification requirements and examinee characteristics are likely to influence the validity of the evidence associated with interpretations made based on test data. We examined whether changes in Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification requirements over time were associated with changes in internal medicine (IM) residency program director ratings and certification examination scores. Comparisons were made between physicians who were ECFMG-certified before and after the Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA) requirement...
March 2014: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22626050/medical-education-accreditation-in-mexico-and-the-philippines-impact-on-student-outcomes
#3
Marta van Zanten, Danette McKinley, Irene Durante Montiel, Concepcion V Pijano
CONTEXT: Accreditation of medical education programmes is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide, but beyond the face validity of these quality assurance methods, data linking accreditation to improved student outcomes are limited. Mexico and the Philippines both have voluntary systems of medical education accreditation and large numbers of students who voluntarily take components of the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). We investigated the examination performance of Mexican and Philippine citizens who attended medical schools in their home countries by medical school accreditation status...
June 2012: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21774647/creating-equal-opportunities-the-social-accountability-of-medical-education
#4
Trevor Gibbs, Michelle McLean
As new developments in medical education move inexorably forward, medical schools are being encouraged to revisit their curricula to ensure quality graduates and match their outcomes against defined standards. These standards may eventually be transferred into global accreditation standards, which allow 'safe passage' of graduates from one country to another [Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) 2010. Requiring medical school accreditation for ECFMG certification--moving accreditation forward...
2011: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21436667/participation-in-u-s-graduate-medical-education-by-graduates-of-international-medical-schools
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Paul Jolly, John Boulet, Gwen Garrison, Mona M Signer
PURPOSE: International medical graduates (IMGs) are an important part of U.S. graduate medical education (GME) and medical practice. They make up a significant number of the participants in both the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) and the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). The authors analyze and report statistics describing the multiple pathways used by IMGs in pursuit of a U.S. residency position. METHOD: This is a descriptive study of 10,328 IMGs certified by the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) between July 1, 2005 and June 30, 2006...
May 2011: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21169783/medical-education-in-the-caribbean-a-longitudinal-study-of-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-performance-2000-2009
#6
Marta van Zanten, John R Boulet
PURPOSE: Caribbean-educated physicians play an important role in the United States. The purpose of this study was to investigate medical school development in the Caribbean, concentrating on performance trends of Caribbean-educated physicians over the past decade. METHOD: The study included 26,495 Caribbean-educated students/graduates who took one or more exams leading to Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2009...
February 2011: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19909032/the-clinical-skills-assessment-for-international-medical-graduates-in-the-netherlands
#7
Marye J Sonderen, Eddie Denessen, Olle Th J Ten Cate, Ted A W Splinter, Cornelis T Postma
AIM: A need was felt to improve the quality of admission and licensing procedures for international medical graduates in The Netherlands. METHOD: A clinical skills assessment was designed as part of a new procedure to realize a high-stakes, fair, transparent, and a time-limited path of admission for international medical graduates to the Dutch health care system. Additionally, it should provide a well-founded advice about length and content of additional medical training, should this be indicated by the outcome of the assessment...
November 2009: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19907375/medical-education-in-the-caribbean-variability-in-educational-commission-for-foreign-medical-graduate-certification-rates-and-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-attempts
#8
Marta van Zanten, John R Boulet
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate demographic characteristics and performance outcomes of Caribbean-educated physicians. METHOD: The study included almost 20,000 Caribbean-educated students/graduates who registered for an exam leading to Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification during the study period. We summarized United States Medical Licensing Examination attempts and ECFMG certification rates (1996 to January 21, 2009), by country of medical school...
October 2009: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18820496/medical-education-in-the-caribbean-variability-in-medical-school-programs-and-performance-of-students
#9
Marta van Zanten, John R Boulet
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the structure of medical training programs in the Caribbean and the performance of the students. METHOD: There are 56 medical schools in 16 countries currently recognized and open in the Caribbean. Almost 30,000 students from this region applied for exams leading to Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification between 1993 and 2007. The authors summarized school characteristics and pass rates on United States Medical Licensing Examinations, by country...
October 2008: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18469420/the-contribution-of-international-medical-graduates-to-diversity-in-the-u-s-physician-workforce-graduate-medical-education
#10
John J Norcini, Marta van Zanten, John R Boulet
PURPOSE: To describe the ethnicity/race and gender distribution of the international medical graduates (IMGs) qualified to enter graduate medical education (GME) and those who are actually in GME. METHODS: The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) database and the American Medical Association's Masterfile provided ethnicity/race and gender data for the pool of IMGs qualified to enter GME (ECFMG certificants from 2000-2005) and those in GME in 2005...
May 2008: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17967142/using-standardized-patients-to-assess-the-interpersonal-skills-of-physicians-six-years-experience-with-a-high-stakes-certification-examination
#11
Marta van Zanten, John R Boulet, Danette McKinley
Communication and interpersonal skills are essential elements of a physician's clinical expertise. Since 1998, the interpersonal competencies of over 37,000 internationally-trained physicians have been assessed as part of the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA). Standardized patients (SPs) provided ratings of interpersonal skills along 4 dimensions: skills in interviewing and collecting information; skills in counseling and delivering information; rapport; and personal manner...
2007: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17086051/celebrating-50-years-of-experience-an-ecfmg-perspective
#12
James A Hallock, John B Kostis
As indicated in its mission statement, the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG), established in 1956, "promotes quality health care for the public by certifying IMGs for entry into U.S. graduate medical education, and by participating in the evaluation and certification of other physicians and health care professionals. In conjunction with its Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, and other partners, it actively seeks opportunities to promote international medical education through programmatic and research activities...
December 2006: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17086045/international-medical-graduates-in-the-united-states-a-view-from-an-ecfmg-certificant
#13
Elias A Zerhouni
The author was instilled with a passion for mathematics and physics by his father, who taught those subjects in a small Algerian town. Another indelible influence came during a high school mathematics class when his teacher gave the class a problem to solve. Little did the students know that it was Fermat's Last Theorem, which stumped them, and before that, every mathematician since 1630. This experience taught the author that failing to get the final answer was part of learning. He became enchanted with imaging techniques and after earning his medical degree in Algeria, came to study at Johns Hopkins...
December 2006: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17086043/from-defending-the-walls-to-improving-global-medical-education-fifty-years-of-collaboration-between-the-ecfmg-and-the-nbme
#14
Donald E Melnick
The author outlines the intertwining roles of the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG), which is celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2006, and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) in meeting needs for assessment of international medical graduates. Both organizations had early histories focused on a protective role: ensuring that only the most qualified foreign-trained doctors could train or practice in the United States. The two organizations have interacted throughout the ECFMG's 50-year history to improve the assessment of internationally trained doctors...
December 2006: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17086042/impact-of-international-medical-graduates-on-u-s-and-global-health-care-summary-of-the-ecfmg-50th-anniversary-invitational-conference
#15
Barbara Gastel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2006: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17086040/the-role-and-contributions-of-imgs-a-u-s-perspective
#16
Jordan J Cohen
At 25% of the nation's physician workforce, international medical graduates (IMGs) contribute significantly to the U.S. health care system. Beyond their sheer numbers, however, IMGs have played critically important roles, both in aggregate and as individuals. By choosing to pursue specialties less attractive to U.S. medical graduates, IMGs have filled important gaps that otherwise would have seriously compromised the effectiveness of the U.S. health care system. Moreover, individual IMGs have made notable contributions to the improvement of clinical practice, to biomedical and health services research, and to medical education...
December 2006: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17041813/does-composition-medium-affect-the-psychometric-properties-of-scores-on-an-exercise-designed-to-assess-written-medical-communication-skills
#17
John R Boulet, Danette W McKinley, Thomas Rebbecchi, Gerald P Whelan
The ECFMG Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA) was developed to evaluate whether graduates of international medical schools are ready to enter graduate training programs in the United States. The performance-based patient note exercise is specifically used to assess an examinee's ability to summarize, synthesize and interpret the data collected in a patient interview. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether choice of composition method (typing or writing) affected the psychometric properties of the scores...
May 2007: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17001120/a-comparison-of-the-characteristics-and-examination-performances-of-u-s-and-non-u-s-citizen-international-medical-graduates-who-sought-educational-commission-for-foreign-medical-graduates-certification-1995-2004
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
John R Boulet, David B Swanson, Richard A Cooper, John J Norcini, Danette W McKinley
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates (IMGs) make up a substantial part of the U.S. physician workforce. Unfortunately, little is known about the demographic and performance characteristics of these doctors, especially over time. METHOD: Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) applicants from 1995-2004 were studied. The characteristics and examination performances of U.S. citizen and non-U.S. citizen IMGs were contrasted. RESULTS: ECFMG applications from U...
October 2006: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17001119/educational-commission-for-foreign-medical-graduates-certification-and-specialty-board-certification-among-graduates-of-the-caribbean-medical-schools
#19
John J Norcini, Danette W McKinley, John R Boulet, M Brownell Anderson
BACKGROUND: To determine the variability among Caribbean medical schools in the performance of their students against markers of quality. METHOD: The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) database and the American Medical Association (AMA) Masterfile were linked. Analyses were restricted to ECFMG applicants, from 1980 to 2000, who attended the 12 Caribbean medical schools that produced 200 or more U.S. International Medical School Graduates (USIMGs)...
October 2006: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16522588/the-international-medical-graduate-pipeline-recent-trends-in-certification-and-residency-training
#20
John R Boulet, John J Norcini, Gerald P Whelan, James A Hallock, Stephen S Seeling
International medical graduates (IMGs) represent a large proportion of the population entering graduate medical education (GME) programs. Many of these internationally trained physicians go on to practice medicine in the United States. To be eligible for GME, IMGs must be certified by the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG). The number of certificates issued by the ECFMG has varied over time and historically has exceeded the number of available training positions. More detailed longitudinal analyses are required to better understand the interwoven issues of physician supply, consumers' needs, and the role of IMGs in the U...
March 2006: Health Affairs
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