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Pharmacy research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342432/pharmacists-scope-of-practice-in-travel-health-a-review-of-state-laws-and-regulations
#1
Keri Hurley-Kim, Rebecca Snead, Karl M Hess
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to assess pharmacists' authority to provide travel health services in each state and Washington, DC. Secondary objectives were to determine the need for collaborative practice agreements (CPAs), protocols, or prescriptions for this type of pharmacy practice and to identify jurisdictions where pharmacists are able to practice as travel health providers independent of CPAs or individual physician protocols. METHODS: An online survey was developed to assess pharmacists' authority to administer travel immunizations, furnish travel-related medications, and order travel-related laboratory tests...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337865/pharmacokinetics-and-drug-metabolism-in-canada-the-current-landscape-a-summary-of-this-indispensable-special-issue
#2
EDITORIAL
Neal M Davies, Kishor M Wasan
Canadian Pharmaceutical Scientists have a rich history of groundbreaking research in pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism undertaken primarily throughout its Pharmacy Faculties and within the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology industry.[...].
January 16, 2018: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337604/the-current-status-of-outcomes-based-contracting-for-manufacturers-and-payers-an-amcp-membership-survey
#3
Amy Duhig, Soumi Saha, Stacie Smith, Stew Kaufman, Janet Hughes
BACKGROUND: As the United States health care system shifts from traditional volume-based payments to value-based payments, outcomes-based contracts (OBCs) are gaining popularity among payers and manufacturers as a mechanism for the shift toward value. Under this model, stakeholders hope to align drug payment and value to real-world performance metrics (e.g., biomarkers and health care resource utilization). OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences, perceptions, and needs of payers and manufacturers related to OBCs...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335329/relocating-patients-from-a-specialist-homeless-healthcare-centre-to-general-practices-a-multi-perspective-study
#4
Kathrine Gibson Smith, Vibhu Paudyal, Katie MacLure, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Carol Buchanan, Liz Wilson, Joan MacLeod, Ann Smith, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: The relocation of formerly homeless patients eligible to transfer from a specialist homeless healthcare centre (SHHC) to mainstream general practices is key to patient integration in the local community. Failure to transition patients conferring eligibility for relocation may also negatively impact on SHHC service delivery. AIM: To explore barriers and facilitators of relocation from the perspectives of formerly homeless patients and healthcare staff involved in their care...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331530/a-qualitative-synthesis-of-pharmacist-other-health-professional-and-lay-perspectives-on-the-role-of-community-pharmacy-in-facilitating-care-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#5
N J Hall, G Donovan, S Wilkes
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in an enhanced role for community pharmacy (CP) in facilitating care for people with long-term conditions (LTCs). It is important to understand the perspectives of stakeholders in order to identify key issues that may impact on future development of the role and related services. OBJECTIVES: Explore pharmacist, other health professional and lay perspectives on the role of CP in facilitating care for people with LTCs. METHODS: Synthesis of qualitative research from UK based studies published between 2007 and January 2017 using a meta-ethnographic interpretative approach...
January 4, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325708/promising-roles-for-pharmacists-in-addressing-the-u-s-opioid-crisis
#6
Wilson M Compton, Christopher M Jones, Jack B Stein, Eric M Wargo
Overdoses of prescription or illicit opioids claimed the lives of 116 Americans each day in 2016, and the crisis continues to escalate. As healthcare systems evolve to address the crisis, the potential of pharmacists to make a positive difference is significant. In addition to utilizing available prescription drug monitoring programs to help prevent diversion of opioids, practicing pharmacists can be alert for signs of opioid misuse by patients (e.g., multiple prescriptions from different physicians) as well as inappropriate prescribing or hazardous drug combinations that physicians may not be aware of (e...
December 31, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324958/enhancing-the-process-of-teaching-and-learning-homecare
#7
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Jaqueline Dias do Nascimento, Ingrid Meireles Gomes, Débora Cristina Paes Zatoni
OBJECTIVE: to identify possibilities for improvement in the process of teaching and learning homecare in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy courses. METHOD: qualitative research using the Grounded Theory approach. Sixty-three semi-structured interviews were conducted with students, teachers and graduates of the six mentioned courses at a public university in the south of Brazil. Data analysis was performed through open, axial and selective coding...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322555/evaluating-factors-impacting-medication-adherence-among-rural-urban-and-suburban-populations
#8
Cody Arbuckle, Daniel Tomaszewski, Benjamin D Aronson, Lawrence Brown, Jon Schommer, Donald Morisky, Erik Linstead
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in prescription medication adherence rates, as well as influencing factors, in rural and urban adults. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists' Role. A total of 26,173 participants completed the survey and provided usable data. Participants using between 1 and 30 prescription medications and living more than 0 miles and up to 200 miles from their nearest pharmacy were selected for the study, resulting in a total of 15,933 participants...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320600/providing-physicians-with-feedback-on-medication-adherence-for-people-with-chronic-diseases-taking-long-term-medication
#9
REVIEW
Vincent Zaugg, Virginie Korb-Savoldelli, Pierre Durieux, Brigitte Sabatier
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence decreases treatment efficacy and worsens clinical outcomes, but average rates of adherence to long-term pharmacological treatments for chronic illnesses are only about 50%. Interventions for improving medication adherence largely focus on patients rather than on physicians; however, the strategies shown to be effective are complex and difficult to implement in clinical practice. There is a need for new care models addressing the problem of medication adherence, integrating this problem into the patient care process...
January 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317925/supporting-shared-decision-making-and-people-s-understanding-of-medicines-an-exploration-of-the-acceptability-and-comprehensibility-of-patient-information
#10
Katie Gibson Smith, Jill L Booth, Derek Stewart, Sharon Pfleger, Laura Mciver, Kathrine Maclure
Background: Patient information may assist in promoting shared decision-making, however it is imperative that the information presented is comprehensible and acceptable to the target audience. Objective: This study sought to explore the acceptability and comprehensibility of the ' Medicines in Scotland: What's the right treatment for you?' factsheet to the general public. Methods: Qualitative semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with members of the public...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317920/indonesian-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students-attitudes-towards-collaboration-with-physicians
#11
Adji P Setiadi, Yosi Wibowo, Sylvi Irawati, Eko Setiawan, Bobby Presley, Sajni Gudka, Ari S Wardhani
Background: Recent implementation of national health coverage and the increasing health burden in Indonesia require health professionals, including pharmacists, to work more collaboratively to improve access and quality of health care. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about Indonesian pharmacists' attitude towards collaboration. Objective: To assess and compare the attitude of Indonesian pharmacy students and pharmacists towards collaboration with physicians...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316609/development-of-a-communication-strategy-to-increase-interprofessional-collaboration-in-the-outpatient-setting
#12
Chelsea Phillips Renfro, Stefanie Ferreri, Tiffany Graham Barber, Stephanie Foley
Managing patient health is a complex task, requiring the support of an interprofessional healthcare team. Collaboration between neighboring community pharmacies and primary care practices can be an alternate solution for team-based patient care. The purpose of this project was to design and implement a communication strategy for patients with diabetes and hypertension between a community pharmacy and physician practice. An interprofessional team for the practice settings was formed to develop a strategy for collaboration...
January 6, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315940/bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-in-pharmacy-education-2000-2016
#13
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Ansam F Sawalha
OBJECTIVES: Improving pharmacy education requires continuous research to optimize education and consequently pharmacy practice. The goal of this study is to assess national and international contributions to pharmacy education research and present results in comparative bibliometric format. METHODS: Search strategy based on journal name and specific keywords pertaining to pharmacy education were used to retrieve the worldwide literature in pharmacy education using Scopus database during the period from 2000 to 2016...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311532/the-formation-of-the-military-medical-system-of-the-korean-people-s-army-and-the-military-medical-officer
#14
Seonho Kim
The military medical system of the Korean People's Army (KPA) first appeared in August 1946 when a central military hospita was established at the headquarters. Inside the KPA, the military medical and veteran services were first established in February 1948. The military medical officers of the KPA were those who were initially engaged in North Korea's health care sector. Most of the early military medical officers were those who had been trained in the Japanese medical system before liberation and were surgeons...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309268/assessment-of-pharmacy-department-patient-safety-culture-with-the-use-of-validated-work-environment-survey-indices
#15
Julia E Rawlings, Sheryl J Herner, Thomas Delate, Kelsey E Palmer, Kelly A Swartzendruber
CONTEXT: Patient safety culture (PSC) improvement is a strategy that can foster patient well-being. Measuring PSC without using a validated instrument has been proposed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the strengths of correlations between the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's validated Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture (CPSPSC) composites and nonvalidated People Pulse (PP) work environment indices. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, anonymous, voluntary survey...
2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304725/patient-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-a-medication-review-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-thematic-analysis
#16
Mirella Carolin Uhl, Christiane Muth, Ferdinand Michael Gerlach, Goentje-Gesine Schoch, Beate Sigrid Müller
BACKGROUND: Although polypharmacy can cause adverse health outcomes, patients often know little about their medication. A regularly conducted medication review (MR) can help provide an overview of a patient's medication, and benefit patients by enhancing their knowledge of their drugs. As little is known about patient attitudes towards MRs in primary care, the objective of this study was to gain insight into patient-perceived barriers and facilitators to the implementation of an MR. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study with a convenience sample of 31 patients (age ≥ 60 years, ≥3 chronic diseases, taking ≥5 drugs/d); in Hesse, Germany, in February 2016...
January 5, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302093/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-on-academic-pharmacy-where-is-our-influence-research-brief
#17
Stefanie Ferreri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302091/engaging-pharmacy-students-in-research-through-near-peer-training
#18
Benjamin J Lee, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Marc H Scheetz, Milena M McLaughlin
Objective. To describe the implementation of a near-peer training model within a student research program. Methods. A near-peer training model was implemented in a pharmacy student research program to promote development of effective teaching skills and research competencies. Under the supervision of a research mentor, senior learners precepted junior learners in various aspects of translational research. A three-step teaching process was employed throughout the experience in which junior learners performed an assigned task, senior learners provided guidance and mentorship, and research mentors provided feedback for improvement...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301559/hospital-pharmacy-workforce-in-brazil
#19
Thiago R Santos, Jonathan Penm, André O Baldoni, Lorena Rocha Ayres, Rebekah Moles, Cristina Sanches
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the distribution of the hospital pharmacy workforce in Brazil. METHODS: Data were acquired, during 2016, through the Brazilian National Database of Healthcare Facilities (CNES). The following variables were extracted: hospital name, registry number, telephone, e-mail, state, type of institution, subtype, management nature, ownership, presence of research/teaching activities, complexity level, number of hospital beds, presence of pharmacists, number of pharmacists, pharmacist specialization...
January 4, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301226/impact-of-pharmacist-conducted-comprehensive-medication-reviews-for-older-adult-patients-to-reduce-medication-related-problems
#20
Whitney J Kiel, Shaun W Phillips
Older adults are demanding increased healthcare attention with regards to prescription use due in large part to highly complex medication regimens. As patients age, medications often have a more pronounced effect on older adults, negatively impacting patient safety and increasing healthcare costs. Comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) optimize medications for elderly patients and help to avoid inappropriate medication use. Previous literature has shown that such CMRs can successfully identify and reduce the number of medication-related problems and improve acute healthcare utilization...
December 31, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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