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Pharmacy research

Andrea Niederhauser, Chantal Zimmermann, Liat Fishman, David L B Schwappach
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the involvement of pharmacy technicians in medication reconciliation has increasingly been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the implications on professional roles and collaboration when a best possible medication history (BPMH) at admission is obtained by pharmacy technicians. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semistructured interviews. Data were analysed using a qualitative content analysis approach. SETTING: Internal medicine units in two mid-sized Swiss hospitals...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Andrew Mawdsley, Sarah Willis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lack of consensus regarding the benefits of an integrated curriculum, and ambiguity concerning what is being integrated within a pharmacy curriculum exists, but how an integrated curriculum is viewed, epistemologically, and subsequently incorporated into teaching practice has not been investigated. This study explores how educators conceptualize, experience and enact curricula integration both pedagogically and organizationally. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In-depth qualitative interviews with faculty members purposively sampled for maximum variation in disciplinary background and teaching experience were undertaken at a single site...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Elizabeth Landrum Michalets, Charlene Williams, Irene Park
INTRODUCTION: Skills gained from research experience allow student pharmacists to evolve as practitioners, innovators and perpetual learners in an increasingly complex healthcare environment. Data published regarding pharmacy resident research are focused on external dissemination rates and research programs. Little is published regarding student research. METHODS: This descriptive study was a five-year before and after comparison between the existing co-curricular model and a new longitudinal, 12-month research advanced pharmacy practice experience (L-APPE) model for student pharmacist research...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Katrina Mulherin, Sheila Walter, Craig D Cox
INTRODUCTION: Priority #3 of the Canadian Experiential Education Project for Pharmacy provided evidence-based guidance for the design and implementation of a national approach to preceptor development. In this first article (of three), findings from the project and recommendations to achieve a high-quality preceptor development program (PDP) are presented. METHODS: A multi-method approach including detailed semi-structured interviews, classic literature review, and advisory committee feedback was employed...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Andrea V Fuentes, Moises D Pineda, Kalyan C Nagulapalli Venkata
Pharmacists have access to a plethora of information related to drugs. Online compendia concerning top 200 prescribed drugs are readily-accessible, comparatively-easy to search. While these resources provide some information about the commonly prescribed drugs, they lack in furnishing in-depth knowledge to pharmacy students, pharmacists and other healthcare professionals. The aim of this paper is to present the relevant details of top 200 most prescribed drugs in the United States. The names and therapeutic classes of top 200 prescribed drugs were compiled from online resources...
May 14, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Ata Mahmoodpoor, Arman Kalami, Kamran Shadvar, Taher Entezari-Maleki, Hadi Hamishehkar
Objective: Current literature indicates that the presence of clinical pharmacists in hospitals results in improved patient care, rational drug therapy, and treatment costs. This study assessed the clinical pharmacy services in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary hospital at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Methods: During a 9-month cross-sectional study (2014-2015), the clinical pharmacy interventions in 27 sessions and educational activities for patients and health-care professionals were randomly assessed based on the Australian guideline and standard of practice for clinical pharmacy...
January 2018: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Evan K Perrault, Jenny L Beal
OBJECTIVES: To determine a) the impact of pharmacy setting (chain vs. independent) and b) pharmacists' communication styles on patients' pharmacist selection preferences and their perceptions of pharmacists. DESIGN: A 2 (pharmacy setting) × 4 (communication style of pharmacist) mixed-design experiment using online vignettes, where pharmacy setting (chain vs. independent) was the between-subjects factor and the communication style of the pharmacists (paternalistic, informative, interpretive, or deliberative) was the within-subjects factor...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Catherine D Noonan, Sarah Scow, Brittany A Sheagley, Jennifer Bunn
Interprofessional education and international service learning (ISL) experiences are increasing in healthcare education and have the potential to broaden healthcare providers' strategies to manage patients' pain. After the addition of a physical therapy (PT) cohort to an existing interprofessional ISL, survey data was collected for program evaluation. Responses indicated altered ideation regarding the role of PT in pain management, and this theme was investigated further. Following two one-week interprofessional ISL experiences in Honduras in 2015 (Y1) and 2016 (Y2), participating students and preceptors in pharmacy, physician assistant and osteopathic medicine and Y1 PT preceptors were surveyed regarding their impressions of the PT cohort and the PT profession in general...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Kimberly A Redic, Amy Skyles, John Zaccardelli
Purpose: Pharmacist involvement in medication reconciliation has been shown to have a positive impact on patient care in a number of settings [1-6], but there have been no evaluations of the effect of this pharmacist role on patient care during the conduct of clinical trials. Pharmacist involvement in the medication reconciliation process for clinical trials may provide improved protocol compliance. Methods: This was a retrospective pilot study conducted in a dedicated research unit that assessed completeness of the medication reconciliation process by clinical trial teams for patients participating in a clinical trial involving investigational medication(s)...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Robin Lee, Karen Dahri, Tim T Y Lau, Stephen Shalansky
Background: Few studies have attempted to determine the proportion of Canadian hospital pharmacists involved in clinical research, despite a general consensus that research should be an essential component of a pharmacist's professional role. Objectives: The primary objective was to characterize the involvement in clinical pharmacy research of hospital pharmacists in the 4 health authorities of the Lower Mainland of British Columbia (collectively known as the Lower Mainland Pharmacy Services)...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
Freya Waddington, Mark Naunton, Greg Kyle, Gabrielle O'Kane, Gabrielle Cooper, Jackson Thomas
Global usage and expenditure on complementary medicines is increasing. Over 50% of consumers purchase these products from pharmacies and expect pharmacists to provide them with appropriate information regarding efficacy and safety of these products. Internationally, pharmacists have identified their lack of detailed knowledge of the efficacy and safety of these products as a barrier to recommending these products. Currently, little is known about the actual knowledge Australian pharmacists have of these products...
May 8, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jun Yao, Pingfan Li, Lin Li, Mei Yang
According to recent research, nanotechnology based on quantum dots (QDs) has been widely applied in the field of bioimaging, drug delivery, and drug analysis. Therefore, it has become one of the major forces driving basic and applied research. The application of nanotechnology in bioimaging has been of concern. Through in vitro labeling, it was found that luminescent QDs possess many properties such as narrow emission, broad UV excitation, bright fluorescence, and high photostability. The QDs also show great potential in whole-body imaging...
May 4, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Lauren Hundley, Shelley Spradley, Scott Donelenko
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of tapering of chronic high dose opioid therapy in veterans prompted by the implementation of the Opioid Safety Initiative in 2013. DESIGN: IRB and VA Office of Research and Development-approved retrospective, observational chart review. SETTING: North Florida/South Georgia Veterans Health System Patients: Veterans on high dose opioid therapy (≥300 mg of morphine equivalents per day) for chronic non-cancer pain as of 1/1/2012 with an opioid agreement discontinuation note documented in the medical record were included...
March 2018: Journal of Opioid Management
Meagen Rosenthal, Lori M Ward, Jason Teng, Seena Haines
OBJECTIVES: To complete a scoping review of studies of community pharmacy-delivered weight and obesity management services from January 2010 to March 2017. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to obtain an overview of research related to the study objective. The PubMed, EBSCO and CINAHL databases were searched from January 2010 to March 2017 for articles examining obesity/weight management in community pharmacies. Included studies had to contain an obesity/weight management programme delivered primarily by community pharmacies...
May 6, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Rodrigo Fonseca Lima, Maria Inês De Toledo, Paulo Henrique Dourado Silva, Janeth De Oliveira Silva Naves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pharmaceutical services in public hospital pharmacies of  the Federal District Health Department - Brazil (Secretaria de Saúde do Distrito  Federal, SES-DF). METHOD: A cross-sectional evaluative study involving the 15 public hospitals under the SES-DF management. Hospitals were characterized and classified into four hierarchical strata. The pharmaceutical services related  to programming (quantity of medication to order), acquisition, storage,  distribution, management, selection, information, pharmacotechnical  component, pharmacotherapy follow-up, teaching and research were evaluated  using validated indicators...
May 1, 2018: Farmacia Hospitalaria
Luke E Grzeskowiak, Lisa H Amir, Lisa G Smithers
PURPOSE: To examine differences in longer-term breastfeeding outcomes among mothers of preterm infants according to domperidone exposure status, as well as examine the potential for effect modification according to maternal weight. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 198 mothers of very preterm infants (born ≤ 30 weeks' gestation) who initiated breastfeeding and whose infants survived until hospital discharge. Data on domperidone use were obtained from hospital pharmacy records, with the primary outcome defined as continuation of breastfeeding at infant discharge from the Neonatal Unit...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Mahmoud S Alhaddad
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists are the part of the health care team who can counsel patients on the most appropriate use of medications. This study aims to measure patients' experience with services provided by community pharmacists and their perceptions toward providing medication therapy management (MTM) services by community pharmacists in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia. In addition, this study aims to measure patients' willingness to pay (WTP) for participating in the MTM program led by community pharmacists...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
Tadashi Shimizu, Masahiro Ueda, Mikoto Toyoyama, Shiho Ohmori, Nobumasa Takagaki
 Practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM) is likely to gain importance for clinical pharmacists in the relatively near future in Japan. An educational program including research and the critical appraisal of literature was required for pharmacy students as of 2015. We organized a six-month practical EBM course for pharmacy students at Hyogo University of Health Sciences. To evaluate its effectiveness, students took a 10-question test after completing the course. The mean score of six students was 8.33±1...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Satoru Esumi, Yoichi Kawasaki, Hiromi Ida, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo
 Pharmacists are required to contribute to evidence-based medicine (EBM) by providing drug information, which can be collected from various sources such as books, websites, and original articles. In particular, information from original articles is needed in some situations. For example, original articles by international researchers are used to aid the management of novel in-hospital preparations on which little knowledge is available. We introduced an information evaluation program, the Okayama University Hospital EBM Model, into the clinical training of 5th-year pharmacy students...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Junichi Sasaki, Kyoko Kitazawa, Takeo Nakayama
 This research aimed to clarify the present status and challenges of evidence-based medicine (EBM) education in schools of pharmacy. We sent a questionnaire to 268 faculty members in August 2015, and a total of 192 were completed. The educational contents by respondents differed considerably. Only about 30% of respondents self-assessed the current EBM courses they taught as "fulfilling". Challenges such as "time deficits", "lack of exercise lessons and practical training", "limited awareness and skills of teachers", "lack of appropriate educational tools", and "insufficient academic ability of students" were mentioned...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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