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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515614/symmetrical-peripheral-gangrene-in-severe-plasmodium-vivax-malaria
#1
Prabhat Kumar, Ghazal Tansir, Harish Gupta, Juhi Dixit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511492/cardiac-myeloid-sarcoma-review-of-literature
#2
REVIEW
Archana Gautam, Ghazal Kooshk Jalali, Kamal Kant Sahu, Prateek Deo, Sikander Ailawadhi
Granulocytic Sarcomas (GS) also called as Myeloid Sarcomas (MS) or chloromas are the representatives of extramedullary infiltrates of immature myeloid cells including myeloblasts, promyelocytes and myelocytes. Primary cardiac malignancies per se are rare and infiltration of cardiac muscles by secondary malignant cells is also an uncommon finding. Out of these cardiac tumors, contribution of Cardiac Myeloid Sarcoma (CMS) is even more smaller thereby limiting our knowledge about this rare entity. Because of its very lower incidence, an exact guideline for diagnosis and management is still missing and usually haematologists around the world are treating CMS based on their clinical acumen...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508840/comparison-of-beam-hardening-effect-of-physical-and-enhanced-dynamic-wedges-at-bladder-inhomogeneity-using-ebt3-film-dosimeter
#3
Ghazale Geraily, Nooshin Sharafi, Alireza Shirazi, Mahbod Esfehani, Maryam Masoudifar, Blookat Eftekhar Rajab
INTRODUCTION: Using physical wedges (PWs) to modify dose distribution and more homogeneous target coverage is a well-established technique. However, there are many problems with PWs known as beam hardening, which made them problematic. This can be overcome by dynamic wedges which do not filter beam. Comparison of physical properties of physical and enhanced dynamic wedges (EDWs) restricted to homogeneous medium. Hence, the main aim of this study is to compare dosimetric properties of physical and EDWs at bladder inhomogeneous phantom as a most common case implementing wedges...
January 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508357/biofluid-proteomics-and-biomarkers-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Safa Azar, Anwarul Hasan, Richard Younes, Farah Najdi, Lama Baki, Hussein Ghazale, Firas H Kobeissy, Kazem Zibara, Stefania Mondello
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by an external mechanical force, affecting millions of people worldwide. The disease course and prognosis are often unpredictable, and it can be challenging to determine an early diagnosis in case of mild injury as well as to accurately phenotype the injury. There is currently no cure for TBI-drugs having failed repeatedly in clinical trials-but an intense effort has been put to identify effective neuroprotective treatment. The detection of novel biomarkers, to understand more of the disease mechanism, facilitates early diagnosis, predicts disease progression, and develops molecularly targeted therapies that would be of high clinical interest...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508355/neuroproteomics-studies-challenges-and-updates
#5
Naify Ramadan, Hussein Ghazale, Mohammad El-Sayyad, Mohamad El-Haress, Firas H Kobeissy
The Human Genome Project in 2003 has resulted in the complete sequence of ~99% of the human genome paving the road for the Human Proteome Project (HPP) assessing the full characterization of the translated protein map of the 20,300 protein-coding genes. Consequently, the emerging of the proteomics field has successfully been adopted as the method of choice for the proteome characterization. Proteomics is a term that is used to encompass multidisciplinary approaches combining different technologies that aim to study the entire spectrum of protein changes at a specific physiological condition...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496348/role-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-in-type-i-diabetes-mellitus
#6
REVIEW
Hala Ahmadieh, Nisrine Ghazal, Sami T Azar
The burden of diabetes mellitus (DM) in general has been extensively increasing over the past few years. Selective sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors were extensively studied in type 2 DM and found to have sustained urinary glucose loss, improvement of glycemic control, in addition to their proven metabolic effects on weight, blood pressure, and cardiovascular benefits. Type 1 DM (T1D) patients clearly depend on insulin therapy, which till today fails to achieve the optimal glycemic control and metabolic targets that are needed to prevent risk of complications...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475133/comment-on-sundseth-et-al-global-sources-and-pathways-of-mercury-in-the-context-of-human-health-int-j-environ-res-public-health-2017-14-105
#7
S M J Mortazavi, Ghazal Mortazavi, Maryam Paknahad
n/a.
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473855/simultaneous-determination-of-preservatives-in-dairy-products-by-hplc-and-chemometric-analysis
#8
Fatemeh Zamani Mazdeh, Sima Sasanfar, Anita Chalipour, Elham Pirhadi, Ghazal Yahyapour, Armin Mohammadi, Akram Rostami, Mohsen Amini, Mannan Hajimahmoodi
Cheese and yogurt are two kinds of nutritious dairy products that are used worldwide. The major preservatives in dairy products are sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, and natamycin. The maximum permitted levels for these additives in cheese and yogurt are established according to Iranian national standards. In this study, we developed a method to detect these preservatives in dairy products by reversed phase chromatography with UV detection in 220 nm, simultaneously. This method was performed on C18 column with ammonium acetate buffer (pH = 5) and acetonitrile (73 : 27 v/v) as mobile phase...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467317/deep-learning-based-artificial-vision-for-grasp-classification-in-myoelectric-hands
#9
Ghazal Ghazaei, Ali Alameer, Patrick Degenaar, Graham Morgan, Kianoush Nazarpour
OBJECTIVE: Computer vision-based assistive technology solutions can revolutionise the quality of care for people with sensorimotor disorders. The goal of this work was to enable trans-radial amputees to use a simple, yet efficient, computer vision system to grasp and move common household objects with a two-channel myoelectric prosthetic hand. APPROACH: We developed a deep learning-based artificial vision system to augment the grasp functionality of a commercial prosthesis...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445267/different-clinical-presentations-of-choledochal-cyst-among-infants-and-older-children-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#10
Davoud Badebarin, Saeid Aslanabadi, Amir Teimouri-Dereshki, Masoud Jamshidi, Tuba Tarverdizadeh, Kaveh Shad, Kamyar Ghabili, Ghazal Khajir
Choledochal cyst is a rare and often benign congenital cystic dilation throughout the biliary tree. Due to the benign nature of choledochal cyst among early-diagnosed patients, the clinical assumption and diagnosis seem to be of utmost significance. Therefore, we sought to assess different clinical manifestations of choledochal cyst and relevant laboratory findings in infants and older children.Retrospectively, medical records of all patients with the diagnosis of choledochal cyst between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439610/phase-down-of-amalgam-awareness-of-minamata-convention-among-jordanian-dentists
#11
Smj Mortazavi, Ghazal Mortazavi, Maryam Paknahad
[No Abstract Available].
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390463/association-between-early-childhood-caries-and-colonization-with-streptococcus-mutans-genotypes-from-mothers
#12
Noel K Childers, Stephanie S Momeni, Jennifer Whiddon, Kyounga Cheon, Gary R Cutter, Howard W Wiener, Tariq S Ghazal, John D Ruby, Stephen A Moser
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Streptococcus mutans genotypes (GT) between mother and child (M-C) in a high caries risk cohort to explore the association with early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Sixty-nine infants (each approximately one year old) had periodic oral examinations (dmfs) and microbial samples collected from dental plaque, saliva, and other oral surfaces. Their mothers had an examination and plaque collected. S mutans isolates were genotyped using repetitive extragenic palindromic-PCR (rep-PCR)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379016/switchable-metal-insulator-phase-transition-metamaterials
#13
Ghazal Hajisalem, Mohammadreza S Nezami, Reuven Gordon
We investigate the switching of a gap plasmon tunnel junction between conducting and insulating states. Hysteresis is observed in the second and the third harmonic generation power dependence, which arises by thermally induced disorder ("melting") of a two-carbon self-assembled monolayer between an ultraflat gold surface and metal nanoparticles. The hysteresis is observed for a variety of nanoparticle sizes, but not for larger tunnel junctions where there is no appreciable tunneling. By combining quantum corrected finite-difference time-domain simulations with nonlinear scattering theory, we calculate the changes in the harmonic generation between the tunneling and the insulating states, and good agreement is found with the experiments...
April 6, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300380/dosimetric-characteristics-of-linatech-dmlc-h-multi-leaf-collimator-monte-carlo-simulation-and-experimental-study
#14
Mikaeil Molazadeh, Ahad Zeinali, Mostafa Robatjazi, Alireza Shirazi, Ghazale Geraily
This study evaluated the basic dosimetric characteristics of a Dynamic Multi Leaf Collimator (DMLC) using a diode detector and film measurements for Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy Quality Assurance (IMRT QA). The EGSnrc Monte Carlo (MC) simulation system was used for the determination of MLC characteristics. Radiation transmission and abutting leaf leakage relevant to the LinaTech DMLC H were measured using an EDGE detector and EBT3 film. In this study, the BEAMnrc simulation code was used for modeling...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293047/personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-disorders-factors-as-predictors-of-road-traffic-accidents-based-on-logistic-regression
#15
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Souri, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Ghazal Sepahbodi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of variables such as personality traits, driving behavior and mental illness on road traffic accidents among the drivers with accidents and those without road crash. METHODS: In this cohort study, 800 bus and truck drivers were recruited. Participants were selected among drivers who referred to Imam Sajjad Hospital (Tehran, Iran) during 2013-2015. The Manchester driving behavior questionnaire (MDBQ), big five personality test (NEO personality inventory) and semi-structured interview (schizophrenia and affective disorders scale) were used...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286613/treatment-outcomes-and-clinicopathologic-characteristics-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-a-report-from-cancer-institute-of-iran
#16
Mehrzad Mirzania, Seyed Reza Safaee, Farhad Shahi, Issa Jahanzad, Ghazal Zahedi, Reza Mehdizadeh
Background: Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) have a more aggressive course and are associated with poorer prognosis in comparison with other subtypes of breast cancer. One of the most common subtypes of TNBC is basal-like. The aim of this study was to investigate clinicopathological characteristics and clinical course of TNBC in Iranian women and compare them with other studies. Subjects and Methods: Between March 2009 and February 2011, patients with breast cancer in Cancer Institute of Iran were selected and then followed-up for 2 years...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277023/oral-health-and-access-to-dental-care-a-comparison-of-elderly-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-germany
#17
Ghazal Aarabi, Daniel R Reissmann, Udo Seedorf, Heiko Becher, Guido Heydecke, Christopher Kofahl
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health, access barriers to dental care, oral health behavior and oral hygiene behavior of elderly German residents with and without immigration background. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional explorative study, a convenience sample (N = 112, age ≥ 60 years, 54% immigrants) was recruited in four dental practices in Hamburg, Germany. Oral health was assessed with Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth (DMFT), Papillary Bleeding Index (PBI), and Approximal Plaque Index (API)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277018/gender-and-national-origin-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-among-u-s-immigrants-from-mexico-china-and-india
#18
Jen'nan Ghazal Read, Paige Borelli Smith
OBJECTIVES: To examine gender and national origin differences in the healthcare utilization of immigrants from the three largest populations in the U.S. today (Mexico, China, and India) and to determine if barriers to utilization operate similarly across groups. METHODS: The analysis uses nationally-representative data from the 2003 New Immigrant Survey (NIS) to compare utilization behaviors among legal permanent residents from Mexico, China, and India (n = 2244)...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257913/gallstone-related-abdominal-cystic-mass-presenting-6-years-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#19
Rama Faour, Dana Sultan, Rand Houry, Mhamad Faour, Ahmad Ghazal
INTRODUCTION: Although gallbladder perforation and gallstones spillage are common complications during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), clinically significant complications resulting from stones left in the peritoneum are extremely uncommon. We report a rare case of spilled gallstones complication with a late and uncharacteristic presentation. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 44-year-old Caucasian female presented with a complaint of a mass in the right upper quadrant associated with a cramping pain for the last 6 months...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232830/evolutionary-origin-of-the-interferon-immune-metabolic-axis-%C3%A2-the-sterol-vitamin-d-link
#20
Harry Newmark, Widad Dantoft, Peter Ghazal
In vertebrate animals, the sterol metabolic network is emerging as a central player in immunity and inflammation. Upon infection, flux in the network is acutely moderated by the interferon (IFN) response through direct molecular and bi-directional communications. How sterol metabolism became linked to IFN control and for what purpose is not obvious. Here, we deliberate on the origins of these connections based on a systematic review of the literature. A narrative synthesis of publications that met eligibility criteria allowed us to trace an evolutionary path and functional connections between cholesterol metabolism and immunity...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
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