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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#1
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487117/teaching-medical-students-to-express-empathy-by-exploring-patient-emotions-and-experiences-in-standardized-medical-encounters
#2
Roger Ruiz-Moral, Luis Pérula de Torres, Diana Monge, Cristina García Leonardo, Fernando Caballero
OBJECTIVES: To increase medical students' ability to detect contextual and emotional cues and to respond empathetically to patients. METHODS: a training course in communication skills and patient-centered care with different teaching activities (didactic, reflective and interactive: workshops and encounters with simulated patients) was delivered to third-year medical students just before their clerkships. The program was evaluated by an external observer (OE) and simulated patients (SP) in 2 or 3 videotaped encounters...
April 29, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468745/erosion-of-digital-professionalism-during-medical-students-core-clinical-clerkships
#3
Arash Mostaghimi, Aleksandra E Olszewski, Sigall K Bell, David H Roberts, Bradley H Crotty
BACKGROUND: The increased use of social media, cloud computing, and mobile devices has led to the emergence of guidelines and novel teaching efforts to guide students toward the appropriate use of technology. Despite this, violations of professional conduct are common. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore professional behaviors specific to appropriate use of technology by looking at changes in third-year medical students' attitudes and behaviors at the beginning and conclusion of their clinical clerkships...
May 3, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464267/rural-medicine-realities-the-impact-of-immersion-on-urban-based-medical-students
#4
Allison M Crump, Karie Jeter, Samantha Mullins, Amber Shadoan, Craig Ziegler, William J Crump
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine what effect a rural-based 8-week surgical clerkship during the third year of medical school in a rural setting has on students' opinions about rural living and practice. METHODS: Thirty-three third-year medical students completed a rural health opinion survey at the beginning and end of their 8-week rural rotation and a survey measuring their interest in rural practice after the rotation. The setting was a rural hospital with an average acute care census of 100 that is a regional referral center for 5 rural counties...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436156/faculty-development-effects-on-clerkship-grades
#5
Benjamin Griffeth, Michael Wiederman
BACKGROUND: Faculty member assessment of clerkship students' clinical performance has been noted as a consistently problematic issue within most medical student clerkships, and thus a worthy target of faculty development. One of the primary challenges in such faculty development is creating a change that improves the clinical assessment of students in a meaningful way. METHOD: In the current study we evaluated the effects of a pair of brief interventions designed to facilitate greater use of the 'Not observed' option in faculty member assessments of clerkship students (as opposed to use of 'Meets expectations' for skills actually not observed by the rater) within a psychiatry rotation for third-year medical students in the USA...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414407/medical-student-teaching-and-recruiting-50-years-of-balancing-two-educational-aims
#6
Benjamin N Schneider, Alexander Chessman, William Toffler, Lara Handler, Beat Steiner, Frances Emily Biagioli
Family medicine (FM) undergraduate medical educators have had two distinct missions, to increase the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of all students while also striving to attract students to the field of family medicine. A five decade literature search was conducted gathering FM curricular innovations and the parallel trends in FM medical student interest. Student interest in FM had a rapid first-decade rise to 14%, a second 1990's surge, followed by a drop to the current plateau of 8-9%. This falls far short of the 30-50% generalist benchmark needed to fill the country's health care needs...
April 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408309/evaluation-of-feedback-systems-for-the-third-year-surgical-clerkship
#7
E G Carey, C Wu, E S Hur, S J Hasday, N P Rosculet, M T Kemp, S Weir, S Ryszawa, G Sandhu, D T Hughes, Rishindra M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To compare faculty-to-student feedback rates from 2 different data sets: direct observation cards (direct evidence) and end-of-clerkship questionnaires (ECQs, secondary student reporting). We as authors hypothesized that direct evidence from observation cards would yield higher rates of feedback, compared with student-reported ECQs. DESIGN: Data were gathered from 2 consecutive medical classes of the third-year surgical clerkship. Data were analyzed retrospectively...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404722/evaluation-of-perceived-and-actual-competency-in-a-family-medicine-objective-structured-clinical-examination
#8
Lisa Graves, Leonora Lalla, Meredith Young
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between objective assessment of performance and self-rated competence immediately before and after participation in a required summative family medicine clerkship objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). DESIGN: Learners rated their competence (on a 7-point Likert scale) before and after an OSCE along 3 dimensions: general, specific, and professional competencies relevant to family medicine. SETTING: McGill University in Montreal, Que...
April 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379934/electronic-medical-records-medical-students-and-ambulatory-family-physicians-a-multi-institution-study
#9
Jordan White, David Anthony, Vince WinklerPrins, Steven Roskos
PURPOSE: Medical students commonly encounter electronic medical records (EMRs) in their ambulatory family medicine clerkships, but how students interact with this technology varies tremendously and presents challenges to students and preceptors. Little research to date has evaluated the impact of EMRs on medical student education in the ambulatory setting; this three-institution study aimed to identify behaviors of ambulatory family medicine preceptors as they relate to EMRs and medical students...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351359/conveying-practical-clinical-skills-with-the-help-of-teaching-associates-a-randomised-trial-with-focus-on-the-long-term-learning-retention
#10
Sebastian H Hoefer, Jasmina Sterz, Bernd Bender, Maria-Christina Stefanescu, Marius Theis, Felix Walcher, Robert Sader, Miriam Ruesseler
BACKGROUND: Ensuring that all medical students achieve adequate clinical skills remains a challenge, yet the correct performance of clinical skills is critical for all fields of medicine. This study analyzes the influence of receiving feedback by teaching associates in the context of achieving and maintaining a level of expertise in complex head and skull examination. METHODS: All third year students at a German university who completed the obligatory surgical skills lab training and surgical clerkship participated in this study...
March 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346604/blended-learning-educational-format-for-third-year-pediatrics-clinical-rotation
#11
Erik E Langenau, Robert Lee, Marci Fults
CONTEXT: Traditional medical education is shifting to incorporate learning technologies and online educational activities with traditional face-to-face clinical instruction to engage students, especially at remote clinical training sites. OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the effectiveness of the blended learning format (combining online and face-to-face instruction) for third-year osteopathic medical students during their pediatric rotation. METHODS: Third-year medical students who completed the 4-week clerkship in pediatrics during the 2014-2015 academic year were divided into a standard learning group and a blended learning group with online activities (discussion boards, blogs, virtual patient encounters, narrated video presentations, and online training modules)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285556/comparing-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship-with-traditional-hospital-based-rotations-in-a-rural-setting
#12
Rebecca Caygill, Mia Peardon, Catherine Waite, Julian Wright
CONTEXT: Longitudinal integrated clerkships (LIC) are widely used as an educational method, particularly in rural areas. They are good for facilitating hands-on learning and deep relationships between student, patients, and supervisors. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine and compare learning experience of third-year rural medical students studying specialties (women's health, aged care, child and adolescent heath, mental health, general practice) by either a traditional hospital-based rotation or a LIC in a rural general practice setting...
March 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284014/interprofessional-education-in-the-internal-medicine-clerkship-post-lcme-standard-issuance-results-of-a-national-survey
#13
Irene Alexandraki, Caridad A Hernandez, Dario M Torre, Katherine C Chretien
BACKGROUND: Several decades of work have detailed the value and goals of interprofessional education (IPE) within the health professions, defining IPE competencies and best practices. In 2013, the Liaison Committee for Medical Education (LCME) elevated IPE to a U.S. medical school accreditation standard. OBJECTIVE: To examine the status of IPE within internal medicine (IM) clerkships including perspectives, curricular content, barriers, and assessment a year after the LCME standard issuance...
March 10, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281378/faculty-experience-and-engagement-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship
#14
Sarah C Snow, Jennifer Gong, Jennifer E Adams
The authors sought to understand rewards and challenges of teaching third-year medical students in the University of Colorado School of Medicine (CUSOM) Denver Health Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship (DH-LIC) compared to teaching in rotation-based clerkships (RBCs). The authors considered implications for the recruitment and retention of faculty in clinical educational programs. Preceptors completed surveys at baseline and year-end. Of eligible faculty, 28 of 40 completed both baseline and year-end surveys...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264552/medical-students-and-patients-perceptions-of-patient-centred-attitude
#15
Yera Hur, A Ra Cho, Chang Jin Choi
PURPOSE: Patient-centred care can increase patient satisfaction and lead to better clinical outcomes for them, such as improved physical status and higher health-related quality of life. However, doctors' and patients' views on patient-centred attitude might differ and could be affected by culture and the community environment. To clarify the differences in primary care patients' and senior medical students' perceptions of medical students' patient-centred attitude. METHODS: A total of 1,025 subjects-827 patients from primary care institutions and 198 fourth-year medical students from a medical college in South Korea-completed the Patient Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS)...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248695/graduates-perceptions-of-learning-affordances-in-longitudinal-integrated-clerkships-a-dual-institution-mixed-methods-study
#16
Robyn A Latessa, Robert A Swendiman, Anna Beth Parlier, Shelley L Galvin, David A Hirsh
PURPOSE: The authors explored affordances that contribute to participants' successful learning in longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). METHOD: This dual-institutional, mixed-methods study included electronic surveys and semistructured interviews of LIC graduates who completed their core clinical (third) year of medical school. These LIC graduates took part in LICs at Harvard Medical School from 2004 to 2013 and the University of North Carolina School of Medicine-Asheville campus from 2009 to 2013...
February 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237045/are-the-kids-alright-review-books-and-the-internet-as-the-most-common-study-resources-for-the-general-surgery-clerkship
#17
Janice A Taylor, Christiana M Shaw, Sanda A Tan, John L Falcone
BACKGROUND: To define resources deemed most important to medical students on their general surgery clerkship, we evaluated their material utilization. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted amongst third-year medical students using a 20-item survey. Descriptive statistics were performed on the demographics. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney analyses were performed on the Likert responses (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Survey response was 69.2%...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229478/students-experiences-of-role-relationships-and-learning-in-two-clerkship-models
#18
D Jill Konkin, Carol Suddards
CONTEXT: An increasing number of medical schools around the world are implementing longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). The University of Alberta's third-year LIC admits a small group of each class. Those not in the LIC undertake a rotation-based clerkship (RBC). All students have a fourth-year RBC. Meaningful participation in patient care and guidance have been identified as affordances for work-based learning. METHODS: This qualitative study is part of an ongoing research programme conducted in a hermeneutic phenomenological frame...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209501/comparing-surgical-clerkship-performance-of-medical-and-physician-assistant-students
#19
Nasser N Alamiri, Charles Miles Maliska, Heather Chancellor-McIntosh, Guido Sclabas
OBJECTIVE: Third-year medical students (MS-III) and second-year physician assistant students (PA-S) have similar core clinical rotations during their education. Uniquely at our institution, both groups rotate together and are assessed by the same evaluation and grading standards. This study compares the performance of MS-III and PA-S during their combined surgical clerkship rotation. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis on students' final clerkship grades, individual grades for clinical performance evaluation, objective structured clinical examination, faculty tutorials, and National Board of Medical Education (NBME) general surgery examination for academic years 2013 and 2014...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161006/choosing-surgery-as-a-career-early-results-of-a-longitudinal-study-of-medical-students
#20
Anthony P Berger, Joseph C Giacalone, Patrick Barlow, Muneera R Kapadia, Jerrod N Keith
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored the factors associated with the preference of medical students to pursue a specific specialty, and even fewer have observed how these preferences and factors change over time. METHODS: A longitudinal survey of medical students was administered at the beginning of first year, second year, and clerkships from 2013-2016. Surveys included demographics and factors associated with their choice of specialty. RESULTS: Response rates were 78-94%...
February 1, 2017: Surgery
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