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Nanotechnology skin

Jian Yang, Zhuojun Meng, Qing Liu, Yasuhito Shimada, René C L Olsthoorn, Herman P Spaink, Andreas Herrmann, Alexander Kros
Nanoscale engineering of surfaces is becoming an indispensable technique to modify membranes and, thus cellular behaviour. Here, such membrane engineering related was explored on the surface of a living animal using DNA nanotechnology. We demonstrate the immobilization of oligonucleotides functionalized with a membrane anchor on 2 day old zebrafish. The protruding single-stranded DNA on the skin of zebrafish served as a handle for complementary DNAs, which allowed the attachment of small molecule cargo, liposomes and dynamic relabeling by DNA hybridization protocols...
September 28, 2018: Chemical Science
Solmaz Ghaffari, Faezeh Alihosseini, Seyed Mahdi Rezayat Sorkhabadi, Sepideh Arbabi Bidgoli, Seyyedeh Elaheh Mousavi, Setareh Haghighat, Ahoo Afshar Nasab, Nooshin Kianvash
Purpose: Wound healing is a natural biologic process, but the duration of it may take too long. Trying to shorten this process is one of the challenges for scientists. Many technologies were applied to achieve this goal as well as nanotechnology. In this study semi solid formulations containing curcumin and ampicillin solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) were prepared to evaluate as burn wound healing agent. Methods: Curcumin as an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agent and ampicillin as an antibiotic were applied...
August 2018: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Shivani Verma, Puneet Utreja, Lalit Kumar
BACKGROUND: Acne is a multifactorial skin disease associated with pilosebaceous unit and caused by bacteria Propionibacterium acnes and Acne vulgaris. Near about 95% people throughout the world suffer from acne at some point in their life span. This disease is more prominent in adults compared to neonates and prepubescent children. Conventionally it is treated with either creams or gels having large number of side effects on patients. METHODS: We searched about recent advancements in the use of nanotechnological carriers for effective treatment of acne...
September 18, 2018: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
Marziyeh Hajialyani, Devesh Tewari, Eduardo Sobarzo-Sánchez, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Mohammad Abdollahi
Wound healing process is an intricate sequence of well-orchestrated biochemical and cellular phenomena to restore the integrity of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Several plant extracts and their phytoconstituents are known as a promising alternative for wound healing agents due to the presence of diverse active components, ease of access, and their limited side effects. The development of nanotechnological methods can help to improve the efficacy of different therapeutics as well as herbal-based products...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Rikhav P Gala, Rokon Uz Zaman, Martin J D'Souza, Susu M Zughaier
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a strict human pathogen responsible for more than 100 million new sexually transmitted infections worldwide each year. Due to the global emergence of antibiotic resistance, the Center for Disease control (CDC) recently listed N. gonorrhoeae as an urgent threat to public health. No vaccine is available in spite of the huge disease burden and the possibility of untreatable gonorrhea. The aim of this study is to investigate the immunogenicity of a novel whole-cell-based inactivated gonococcal microparticle vaccine formulation loaded in dissolvable microneedles for transdermal administration...
September 4, 2018: Vaccines
Menglei Wang, Xuan Lai, Longquan Shao, Li Li
Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary science that has developed rapidly in recent years. Metallic nanoparticles (NPs) are increasingly utilized in dermatology and cosmetology, because of their unique properties. However, skin exposure to NPs raises concerns regarding their transdermal toxicity. The tight junctions of epithelial cells form the skin barrier, which protects the host against external substances. Recent studies have found that NPs can pass through the skin barrier into deeper layers, indicating that skin exposure is a means for NPs to enter the body...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Khadijeh Khezri, Majid Saeedi, Solmaz Maleki Dizaj
Developments in nanotechnology have expanded novel nanoparticles for several applications, including cosmetic topical preparation. The aim of this article was to review recent literature on percutaneous delivery of cosmetics active ingredient by nanoparticles. The main focus here, is on lipid based nanoparticles since they are of great importance in skin cargo delivery and have vast application in current cosmetic formulations. Data were collected via electronic databases using MeSH keywords, including nanoparticles, lipid particles, cosmetic, dermal delivery and combinations of these words...
October 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Harshita Mishra, Pawan K Mishra, Adam Ekielski, Manu Jaggi, Zeenat Iqbal, Sushama Talegaonkar
INTRODUCTION: Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer causing most of the skin cancer-related deaths. The incidence of melanoma has risen so dramatically over past few years that no other solid or blood malignancy comes close to it in terms of increased incidence. The main problem associated with the treatment of melanoma is low response rate to the existing treatment modalities, which in turn is due to the incomplete response by chemotherapeutic agents and inherent resistance of melanoma cells...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
T G Sahana, P D Rekha
Wound is a growing healthcare challenge affecting several million worldwide. Lifestyle disorders such as diabetes increases the risk of wound complications. Effective management of wound is often difficult due to the complexity in the healing process. Addition to the conventional wound care practices, the bioactive polymers are gaining increased importance in wound care. Biopolymers are naturally occurring biomolecules synthesized by microbes, plants and animals with highest degree of biocompatibility. The bioactive properties such as antimicrobial, immune-modulatory, cell proliferative and angiogenic of the polymers create a microenvironment favorable for the healing process...
August 9, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Maira N Pereira, Camila Y Ushirobira, Marcilio Ss Cunha-Filho, Guilherme M Gelfuso, Tais Gratieri
Alopecia is the partial or total reduction of hair in a specific area of the skin that affects millions of men and women worldwide. Most common approved treatments present inconvenient therapeutic regimes and serious adverse effects. In this scenario, nanoencapsulation has emerged as a relatively simple technology for improving the therapeutic outcome of this pathology, promoting a targeted drug delivery with enhanced local bioavailability, which could reduce the adverse effects. Herein, we present some recent studies involving the nanosystems developed for the pharmacological treatment of alopecia, highlighting how each system represents an improvement in relation to conventional drug products and the future perspectives of these new technologies in reaching the market...
August 2018: Therapeutic Delivery
Aoife Maria Rodgers, Ana Sara Cordeiro, Adrien Kissenpfennig, Ryan F Donnelly
Vaccination is one of the greatest breakthroughs of modern preventative medicine. Despite this, there remain problems surrounding delivery, efficacy and compliance. Thus, there is a pressing need to develop cost-effective vaccine delivery systems that could expand the use of vaccines, particularly within developing countries. Microneedle (MN) arrays, given their ease of use, painlessness and ability to target skin antigen presenting cells, provide an attractive platform for improved vaccine delivery and efficacy...
September 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Caroline B Costa-Orlandi, Breanne Mordorski, Ludmila M Baltazar, Maria José S Mendes-Giannini, Joel M Friedman, Joshua D Nosanchuk, Adam J Friedman
Topical antimicrobials are the ideal mode of onychomycosis treatment for efficient drug delivery and avoidance of sytemic effects associated with oral medications. However, high treatment costs, tissue penetration limitations, and low cure rates have continued to pose major challenges. To capitalize on the progress made by topical efinaconazole solution, efinaconazole was combined with inexpensive, previously-characterized nitric oxide releasing nanoparticles (NO-np), which have been shown to offer sustained nitric oxide release over time and enhanced barrier penetration, while exerting broad spectrum antimicrobial and immunomodulating properties...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Marco Pelin, Laura Fusco, Cristina Martín, Silvio Sosa, Javier Frontiñán-Rubio, Jose Miguel González-Domínguez, Mario Durán-Prado, Ester Vázquez, Maurizio Prato, Aurelia Tubaro
The extraordinary physicochemical properties of graphene-based nanomaterials (GBNs) make them promising tools in nanotechnology and biomedicine. Considering the skin contact as one of the most feasible exposure routes to GBNs, the mechanism of toxicity of two GBNs (few-layer-graphene, FLG, and graphene oxide, GO) towards human HaCaT skin keratinocytes was investigated. Both materials induced a significant mitochondrial membrane depolarization: 72 h cell exposure to 100 μg mL-1 FLG or GO increased mitochondrial depolarization by 44% and 56%, respectively, while the positive control valinomycin (0...
July 5, 2018: Nanoscale
Kanika Thakur, Gajanand Sharma, Bhupinder Singh, Sanjay Chhibber, Om Prakash Katare
BACKGROUND: Topical infections, involving a number of diseases such as impetigo, eczema, pustular acne, psoriasis and infected seborrheic dermatitis are one among the many challenges to health which stand out for their profound impact on human species. The treatment of topical infections has always been a difficult proposition because of the lack of efficacy of existing anti-infectives, longer period of treatment and yet incomplete recovery. The increasing emergence of antibiotic resistant bacterial strains like Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa undermine the need of development of new delivery systems to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of existing topical anti-infectives...
May 28, 2018: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
Shreya Kaul, Neha Gulati, Deepali Verma, Siddhartha Mukherjee, Upendra Nagaich
Nanotechnology manifests the progression in the arena of research and development, by increasing the efficacy of the product through delivery of innovative solutions. To overcome certain drawbacks associated with the traditional products, application of nanotechnology is escalating in the area of cosmeceuticals. Cosmeceuticals are regarded as the fastest growing segment of the personal care industry and the use has risen drastically over the years. Nanocosmeceuticals used for skin, hair, nail, and lip care, for conditions like wrinkles, photoaging, hyperpigmentation, dandruff, and hair damage, have come into widespread use...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutics
David C Yeo, Chenjie Xu
A new study published in the journal Nature Biomedical Engineering1 documents a novel diagnostic technology that exploits topically applied nanotechnology to detect skin tissue biomarkers for diagnosis. This concept is demonstrated by noninvasively imaging connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) mRNA in abnormal scar cells, whole tissue, and animal models. In this commentary, we highlight the main findings and discuss their implications. Successful implementation in the clinic could give rise to self-applied, biopsy-free diagnostic technology and significantly reduce healthcare burden...
August 2018: SLAS Technology
Usama Ahmad, Zeeshan Ahmad, Ahmed Abdullah Khan, Juber Akhtar, Satya Prakash Singh, Farhan Jalees Ahmad
The science of formulation involving cosmetic ingredients has always been a challenge since the release of active components greatly depends upon the carrier system involved and the selectivity of skin barrier. The principle obstacle of the skin resides in the epidermis and it's hard for many active components to cross it. The formulation related factors like size of particles, viscosity and lipophilicity of the components also play an important role in permeation of the dermal composition. Though widely used; conventional creams and gels still struggle in terms of success...
October 2018: Drug Research
Junko Yokota, Shojiro Kyotani
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the influence of nanoparticle size on the in vitro percutaneous penetration and retention and in vivo anti-inflammatory efficacy of percutaneously delivered non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. METHODS: Indomethacin, ketoprofen and piroxicam were incorporated into nanoparticles. The nanoparticles, or the bulk-drug equivalents, were suspended in a hydrophilic ointment and compared for their ability to facilitate percutaneous drug penetration and retention in vitro...
June 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Ana Claudia Pompeu Raminelli, Valeria Romero, Mohammad H Semreen, Gislaine Ricci Leonardi
The clinical efficacy of the topical tretinoin is widely studied and has been well established for many therapeutic interventions, among some, photoaging, acne, and melasma. However, the side effects, mainly cutaneous irritation, erythema, xerosis and peeling, remain major obstacle to the patient compliance. Besides, the insight regarding the drug delivery profile is essential to understand the therapeutic action of the drug. Herein we highlight further advances and an update on tretinoin delivery systems such as liposomes, niosomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, cyclodextrins, nanostructured polymers and other technological systems that reduce its side effects and improve the permeation profile to potentiate efficacy and drug safety on the skin...
March 12, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Viral Patel, Om Prakash Sharma, Tejal Mehta
Skin is an important route of drug delivery for the treatment of various dermatological conditions. The advent of nanotechnology is paving the roadmaps for topical drug delivery by providing sustained release as well as maintaining a localized effect, outweighing the toxicity concern. Area covered: This review highlighted the morphology of skin, its barrier nature as well as drug penetration pathways after topical application of formulations. The existing methods to improve topical drug delivery, by infringing or permeating the skin barriers, are discussed...
April 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
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