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Mobile Phone Applications

Nithya Sukumar, Helen Dallosso, Ponnusamy Saravanan, Tom Yates, Carol Telling, Karen Shorthose, Alison Northern, Sally Schreder, Christopher Brough, Laura J Gray, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM) is associated with an over sevenfold increase in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), while among parous women with T2D, up to 30% have a history of GDM. Lifestyle interventions have been shown to reduce the risk of incident T2D in adults with impaired glucose tolerance, including in women with a history of GDM. The aim of this study is to establish whether a group self-management education programme, supported by a mobile web application, can improve levels of physical activity at 12 months in women who have had GDM...
December 12, 2018: Trials
Anna Clebone, Kim M Strupp, Gina Whitney, Michael R Anderson, Jeffrey Hottle, James Fehr, Myron Yaster, Laura E Schleelein, Barbara K Burian, Jorge A Galvez, Justin L Lockman, David Polaner, Natalie R Barnett, Michael J Keane, Shashikanth Manikappa, Stephen Gleich, Robert S Greenberg, Ariel Vincent, Sarah L Oswald, Red Starks, Scott Licata
When life-threatening, critical events occur in the operating room, the fast-paced, high-distraction atmosphere often leaves little time to think or deliberate about management options. Success depends on applying a team approach to quickly implement well-rehearsed, systematic, evidence-based assessment and treatment protocols. Mobile devices offer resources for readily accessible, easily updatable information that can be invaluable during perioperative critical events. We developed a mobile device version of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia 26 Pediatric Crisis paper checklists-the Pedi Crisis 2...
December 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Mary D Adu, Usman H Malabu, Aduli E O Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S Malau-Aduli
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone applications (apps) offer motivation and support for self-management of diabetes mellitus (DM), but their use is limited by high attrition due to insufficient consideration of end-users perspectives and usability requirements. This study aimed to examine app usage and feature preferences among people with DM, and explore their recommendations for future inclusions to foster engagement with diabetes apps. METHODS: The study was conducted internationally on adults with type 1 or type 2 DM using online questionnaire (quantitative) to investigate usage and preferences for app features that support diabetes self-management and semi structured telephone interview (qualitative) to explore suggestions on fostering engagement and specific educational information for inclusion into diabetes apps...
2018: PloS One
Otis L Owens, Jenay M Beer, Ligia I Reyes, Tracey L Thomas
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer among all men and the second most common cause of death. To ameliorate the burden of prostate cancer, there is a critical need to identify strategies for providing men with information about prostate cancer screening and the importance of informed decision making. With mobile phones becoming more ubiquitous, many individuals are adopting their phones as sources for health information. The objective of this systematic review is to identify and evaluate commercially available apps for promoting informed prostate cancer screening decisions...
December 7, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Pietro Cipresso, Elisa Pedroli, Silvia Serino, Michelle Semonella, Cosimo Tuena, Desirée Colombo, Federica Pallavicini, Giuseppe Riva
Background: Unilateral Spatial Neglect (USN) is traditionally assessed with paper-and-pencil tests or computer-based tests. Thanks to the wide-spreading of mobile devices, and the extensive capabilities that they have in dealing complex elements, it is possible to provide clinicians with tools for cognitive assessment. Contemporary 3D engine is, in general generally, able to deploy complex 3D environments for iOS, Android and Windows mobile, i.e., most of the mobile phone and tablet operative systems. Results: This brand-new scenario and pressing requests from professionals, pushed us to build an application for the assessment of USN...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Naomi Chuchu, Yemisi Takwoingi, Jacqueline Dinnes, Rubeta N Matin, Oliver Bassett, Jacqueline F Moreau, Susan E Bayliss, Clare Davenport, Kathie Godfrey, Susan O'Connell, Abhilash Jain, Fiona M Walter, Jonathan J Deeks, Hywel C Williams
BACKGROUND: Melanoma accounts for a small proportion of all skin cancer cases but is responsible for most skin cancer-related deaths. Early detection and treatment can improve survival. Smartphone applications are readily accessible and potentially offer an instant risk assessment of the likelihood of malignancy so that the right people seek further medical attention from a clinician for more detailed assessment of the lesion. There is, however, a risk that melanomas will be missed and treatment delayed if the application reassures the user that their lesion is low risk...
December 3, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
B Ambroise, H Benateau, R Garmi, K Hauchard, R Prevost, A Veyssière
New technologies have over the past forty years become widespread across all domains of basic and applied research particularly in health-related fields. Telemedicine is a form of remote medical practice using information and communication technologies. It connects one or more health professionals with other health professionals or with patients. Within the framework of emergencies in maxillofacial surgery, requests received for specialist advice often pertain to procedures to be followed for facial wounds, bites, burns, maxillofacial bone trauma or facial cellulitis...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Veerawat Phongtankuel, Ronald D Adelman, M C Reid
With the increasing use of mobile devices (e.g., smart phones, tablets) in our everyday lives, people have the ability to communicate and share information faster than ever before. This has led to the development of promising applications aimed at improving health and healthcare delivery for those with limited access. Hospice care, which is commonly provided at home, may particularly benefit from the use of this technology platform. This commentary outlines several potential benefits and pitfalls of incorporating mobile health (mHealth) applications into existing home hospice care while highlighting some of the relevant telemedicine work being done in the palliative and End-of-Life care fields...
2018: Progress in Palliative Care
Chien-Lin Kuo, Yeu-Hui Chuang
Stimulating learning motivation and enhancing learning effectiveness are particularly difficult challenges for nursing educators in educating Generation Z learners, who are part of the first generation of true "digital natives". In response, teachers are beginning to integrate gamification techniques into their classrooms in order to motivate classroom participation and to conduct learning evaluation. Kahoot is a free, online quiz platform and instant feedback system that helps teachers create a fun competitive-gaming environment...
December 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Tracy Petrie, Ravikant Samatham, Alexander M Witkowski, Andre Esteva, Sancy A Leachman
Innovative technologies, including novel communication and imaging tools, are affecting dermatology in profound ways. A burning question for the field is whether we will retrospectively react to innovations or proactively leverage them to benefit precision medicine. Early detection of melanoma is a dermatologic area particularly poised to benefit from such innovation. This session of the Montagna Symposium on Biology of Skin focused on provocative, potentially disruptive advances, including crowdsourcing of patient advocacy efforts, rigorous experimental design of public education campaigns, research with mobile phone applications, advanced skin imaging technologies, and the emergence of artificial intelligence as a diagnostic supplement...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Mehrdad Farzandipour, Ehsan Nabovati, Shima Anvari, Zahra Vahedpoor, Reihane Sharif
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize the evidence regarding the effects and the features of phone-based interventions to control gestational weight gain (GWG). METHODS: We included studies that evaluated the effects of phone-based interventions on controlling GWG. The characteristics of studies, effects, and features of interventions were extracted. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies met the inclusion criteria. Outcomes were categorized into three groups (GWG control, proportion of women returning to pre-pregnancy weight, and proportion of women who exceeded the Institute of Medicine recommendations for GWG)...
November 27, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Scott Weichenthal, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Michael Brauer
BACKGROUND: Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing our world, with applications ranging from medicine to engineering. OBJECTIVES: Here we discuss the promise, challenges, and probable data sources needed to apply AI in the fields of exposure science and environmental health. In particular, we focus on the use of deep convolutional neural networks to estimate environmental exposures using images and other complementary data sources such as cell phone mobility and social media information...
November 22, 2018: Environment International
Dalia G Mahran, Osama Farouk, Mervat A Ismail, Mohamed M Alaa, Amr Eisa, Islam I Ragab
PURPOSE: The study was done to investigate whether a postoperative intervention program is effective in reducing mortality and improving mobility in two comparative hip fracture patients over one year postoperatively. METHODS: A non-randomized controlled trial study with an intervention group of hip fracture patients and historical control group with 12 months follow up. One hundred twenty four admitted hip fracture patients to the Trauma Unit of Assiut University Hospitals, aged 50 years and older were included from 1st July to 31st December 2014...
November 16, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Emily J Lam Po Tang, Amir HajiRassouliha, Martyn P Nash, Poul M F Nielsen, Andrew J Taberner, Yusuf O Cakmak
The jugular venous (JV) pressure waveform is a non-invasive, proven indicator of cardiovascular disease. Conventional clinical methods for assessing these waveforms are often overlooked because they require specialised expertise, and are invasive and expensive to implement. Recently, image-based methods have been used to quantify JV pulsation waveforms on the skin as an indirect way of estimating the pressure waveforms. However, these existing image-based methods cannot explicitly measure skin deformations and rely on the use of photoplethysmography (PPG) devices for identification of the pulsatile waveforms...
November 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Khalid M Khan, Sylvanna L Bielko, Marjorie C McCullagh
BACKGROUND: Many youth and young adults experience high noise exposure compounded by lack of access to hearing health education. Although the need for hearing health education programs is evident, the efficacy of these programs for youth is unclear. We evaluated the literature for efficacy of various hearing conservation programs aimed at youth and young adults, and analyzed their strengths and limitations. METHODS: Studies reporting results of hearing conservation or hearing loss prevention programs with youth or young adults, using randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental designs, experimental design, or qualitative research, and published in peer-reviewed journals in English between 2001 and 2018 were included...
November 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
Sadie Lawes-Wickwar, Hayley McBain, Kathleen Mulligan
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illness (SMI) must receive early interventions to prevent mental health deterioration or relapse. Telecommunications and other technologies are increasingly being used to assist in health care delivery using "telehealth," which includes telephones and mobile phones, computers, remote sensors, the internet, and other devices, to provide immediate real-time information to service users to improve the management of chronic health conditions...
November 21, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Eric Nsiah-Boateng, Moses Aikins
Background: In 2004, Ghana started experimenting a National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to reduce  out-of-pocket payment for healthcare. Like many other social health insurance schemes in Africa, the NHIS is striving for universal health coverage (UHC). This paper examines trends and characteristics of enrolment in the scheme to inform policy decisions on attainment of UHC. Methods: We conducted trend analysis of longitudinal enrolment data of the NHIS for the period, 2010-2017...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
Pietro Cipresso, Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Mariano Alcañiz Raya, Giuseppe Riva
The recent appearance of low cost virtual reality (VR) technologies - like the Oculus Rift, the HTC Vive and the Sony PlayStation VR - and Mixed Reality Interfaces (MRITF) - like the Hololens - is attracting the attention of users and researchers suggesting it may be the next largest stepping stone in technological innovation. However, the history of VR technology is longer than it may seem: the concept of VR was formulated in the 1960s and the first commercial VR tools appeared in the late 1980s. For this reason, during the last 20 years, 100s of researchers explored the processes, effects, and applications of this technology producing 1000s of scientific papers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Till Orlemann, Dejan Reljic, Björn Zenker, Julia Meyer, Bjoern Eskofier, Jana Thiemt, Hans Joachim Herrmann, Markus Friedrich Neurath, Yurdagül Zopf
BACKGROUND: Catabolism and tumor-specific therapy lead to reduced nutrient intake and weight loss in cancer patients. Maintaining a specific individualized diet can be challenging for the patient as the nutritional counseling options are limited. Monitoring of nutrient intake and frequent feedback are, however, vital for successful nutritional therapy because they support the patient's compliance and realization of dietary therapeutic goals. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating the feasibility and applicability of a novel mobile phone app to assess and evaluate dietary behaviors in oncologic patients...
November 20, 2018: JMIR Cancer
Johanna Gutenberg, Panagiotis Katrakazas, Lyubov Trenkova, Louisa Murdin, Dario Brdaric, Nina Koloutsou, Katherine Ploumidou, Niels Henrik Pontoppidan, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
Purpose: The scarcity of health care resources calls for their rational allocation, including within hearing health care. Policies define the course of action to reach specific goals such as optimal hearing health. The process of policy making can be divided into 4 steps: (a) problem identification and issue recognition, (b) policy formulation, (c) policy implementation, and (d) policy evaluation. Data and evidence, especially Big Data, can inform each of the steps of this process. Big Data can inform the macrolevel (policies that determine the general goals and actions), mesolevel (specific services and guidelines in organizations), and microlevel (clinical care) of hearing health care services...
November 19, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
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