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Yuechun Wang, Prativa Sherchan, Lei Huang, Onat Akyol, Devin W McBride, John H Zhang
BACKGROUND: Intra-operative bleeding, post-operative brain edema and neuroinflammation are major complications in patients with surgical brain injury (SBI). Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is the upstream enzyme which initiates the PLA2, 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) inflammatory pathway. We hypothesized PLA2preconditioning (PPC) prior to SBI can activate endogenous anti-inflammatory responses to protect against SBI. This study evaluated if PPC can ameliorate neurosurgical complications and elucidated PPC-mediated possible protective mechanisms in a rat SBI model...
February 2018: Experimental Neurology
Yuechun Wang, Prativa Sherchan, Lei Huang, Onat Akyol, Devin W McBride, John H Zhang
Inflammatory preconditioning is a mechanism in which exposure to small doses of inflammatory stimuli prepares the body against future massive insult by activating endogenous protective responses. Phospholipase A2/5-lipoxygenase/leukotriene-B4 (PLA2/5-LOX/LTB4) axis is an important inflammatory signaling pathway. Naja sputatrix (Malayan spitting cobra) venom contains 15% secretory PLA2 of its dry weight. We investigated if Naja sputatrix venom preconditioning (VPC) reduces surgical brain injury (SBI)-induced neuroinflammation via activating PLA2/5-LOX/LTB4 cascade using a partial frontal lobe resection SBI rat model...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shin-Ichiro Kurimoto, Jian-Xin Pu, Han-Dong Sun, Yoshihisa Takaishi, Yoshiki Kashiwada
Coleifolides A and B (1 and 2), two new sesterterpenoids with a β-methyl-α,β-unsaturated-γ-lactone moiety, were isolated from the aerial parts of Scutellaria coleifolia H.Lév. (Lamiaceae), together with three known compounds. Their structures were elucidated by NMR and MS examinations. Coleifolides A and B were concluded to be partially racemic compounds by the HPLC analysis using a chiral column or introduction of chiral derivatizing agents. The absolute configuration of the major isomer was determined by analyses of the CD spectrum as well as NMR data of (R)- and (S)-2-NMA derivatives...
August 2015: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Toshiyuki Hamada, Daisuke Harada, Mitsunobu Hirata, Keisuke Yamashita, Kishneth Palaniveloo, Hiroaki Okamura, Tetsuo Iwagawa, Naomichi Arima, Toshiyuki Iriguchi, Nicole J de Voogd, Charles S Vairappan
A new manoalide-related sesterterpene, (4E,6E)-dehydro-25-O-methylmanoalide (1), was isolated from the organic extracts of the Bornean marine sponge Luffariella variabilis, together with the known compound (4E,6E)-dehydromanoalide (2). The structure of compound 1 was elucidated by interpretation of its spectroscopic data.
June 2015: Natural Product Communications
Mahesh S Majik, Dipika Shirodkar, Cheryl Rodrigues, Lisette D'Souza, Supriya Tilvi
The biochemical mechanisms that marine sponges have developed as a chemical defense to protect themselves against micro and subsequent macrobiofouling process might comprise a potential alternative for the preventing attack of biofilm forming bacteria. The present study investigated the antimicrobial activity of a series of major secondary metabolites isolated from the sponges Fasciospongia cavernosa and Axinella donnani against fouling bacteria. Secomanoalide (1), dehydromanoalide (2) and cavernosine (3) have been isolated from F...
July 1, 2014: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Kinrin Yamanaka, Dorjbal Dorjsuren, Robert L Eoff, Martin Egli, David J Maloney, Ajit Jadhav, Anton Simeonov, R Stephen Lloyd
Human DNA polymerase kappa (pol κ) is a translesion synthesis (TLS) polymerase that catalyzes TLS past various minor groove lesions including N(2)-dG linked acrolein- and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-derived adducts, as well as N(2)-dG DNA-DNA interstrand cross-links introduced by the chemotherapeutic agent mitomycin C. It also processes ultraviolet light-induced DNA lesions. Since pol κ TLS activity can reduce the cellular toxicity of chemotherapeutic agents and since gliomas overexpress pol κ, small molecule library screens targeting pol κ were conducted to initiate the first step in the development of new adjunct cancer therapeutics...
2012: PloS One
Kazi Abdus Salam, Atsushi Furuta, Naohiro Noda, Satoshi Tsuneda, Yuji Sekiguchi, Atsuya Yamashita, Kohji Moriishi, Masamichi Nakakoshi, Masayoshi Tsubuki, Hidenori Tani, Junichi Tanaka, Nobuyoshi Akimitsu
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes one of the most prevalent chronic infectious diseases in the world, hepatitis C, which ultimately develops into liver cancer through cirrhosis. The NS3 protein of HCV possesses nucleoside triphosphatase (NTPase) and RNA helicase activities. As both activities are essential for viral replication, NS3 is proposed as an ideal target for antiviral drug development. In this study, we identified manoalide (1) from marine sponge extracts as an RNA helicase inhibitor using a high-throughput screening photoinduced electron transfer (PET) system that we previously developed...
April 27, 2012: Journal of Natural Products
Ramar Perumal Samy, Ponnampalam Gopalakrishnakone, Vincent Tk Chow
Natural inhibitors occupy an important place in the potential to neutralize the toxic effects caused by snake venom proteins and enzymes. It has been well recognized for several years that animal sera, some of the plant and marine extracts are the most potent in neutralizing snake venom phospholipase A(2) (svPLA(2)). The implication of this review to update the latest research work which has been accomplished with svPLA(2) inhibitors from various natural sources like animal, marine organisms presents a compilation of research in this field over the past decade and revisiting the previous research report including those found in plants...
2012: Bioinformation
Xu Ji, Aimin Wang, Cristina C Trandafir, Kazuyoshi Kurahashi
BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for cerebral circulatory disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on nicotine-induced contraction (arachidonic acid metabolites) in the basilar arteries of rats. METHODS: Rats were killed at 1 hour and 1 week after blood injection, and the basilar artery was isolated and cut into a spiral strip. RESULTS: Testing of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibitors revealed no significant differences in their effects on normal and SAH (1 hour and 1 week)...
October 2013: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Shu-Juan Piao, Hong-Jun Zhang, Hai-Yan Lu, Fan Yang, Wei-Hua Jiao, Yang-Hua Yi, Wan-Sheng Chen, Hou-Wen Lin
Eight new acyclic manoalide-related sesterterpenes, hippolides A-H (1-8), together with two known manoalide derivatives, (6E)-neomanoalide (9) and (6Z)-neomanoalide (10), were isolated from the South China Sea sponge Hippospongia lachne. The absolute configurations of 1-8 were established by the modified Mosher's method and CD data. Compound 1 exhibited cytotoxicity against A549, HeLa, and HCT-116 cell lines with IC50 values of 5.22×10(-2), 4.80×10(-2), and 9.78 μM, respectively. Compound 1 also showed moderate PTP1B inhibitory activitiy with an IC50 value of 23...
May 27, 2011: Journal of Natural Products
Abhilasha Tiwari, Smita Gupta, Shipra Srivastava, Rajeev Srivastava, Anil Kumar Rawat
ATP-dependent Clp protease (ClpP) is a core unit of a major bacterial protease complex employing as a new attractive drug target for that isolates, which are resistant to antibiotics. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a gram-positive bacterium, is one of the major causes of hospital acquired infections. ClpP in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is usually tightly regulated and strictly requires a member of the family of Clp-ATPase and often further accessory proteins for proteolytic activation. Inhibition of ClpP eliminates these safeguards and start proteolytic degradation...
2010: Bioinformation
Florence Folmer, Marcel Jaspars, Marc Schumacher, Mario Dicato, Marc Diederich
Phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)s) form a family of enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids into arachidonic acid, which is the major precursor of pro-inflammatory eicosanoids. As a result, PLA(2)s have been considered as potential targets in anti-inflammatory drug discovery. Marine natural products are a rich source of bioactive compounds, including PLA(2) inhibitors. Here, we review the properties of marine PLA(2) inhibitors identified since the first discovery of PLA(2) inhibitory activity in the marine natural product manoalide in the mid 1980s...
December 15, 2010: Biochemical Pharmacology
Cherie A Motti, Piers Ettinger-Epstein, Richard H Willis, Dianne M Tapiolas
The viviparous Great Barrier Reef sponge Luffariella variabilis (Poléjaeff 1884) contains a range of secondary metabolites, including manoalide (1) and manoalide monoacetate (3). ESI (+) FTICR-MS accurate mass determination has, for the first time, been used to detected the presence of 3 only in an organic extract of a single L. variabilis larva showing that the parentally produced 3 is sequestered in the larva. As 3 has previously been shown to have antibacterial and quorum sensing inhibition activity, and readily converts to 1, which also exhibits similar activity, it may provide a chemical defence against predation and microbial attack...
January 22, 2010: Marine Drugs
Mohammad Helal Uddin, Masahito Otsuka, Toshinobu Muroi, Atsushi Ono, Novriyandi Hanif, Seiko Matsuda, Tatsuo Higa, Junichi Tanaka
Two sesterterpenes, deoxymanoalide (1) and deoxysecomanoalide (2), were isolated from the nudibranch Chromodoris willani collected in Okinawa and their structures determined on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical conversions. The mollusk feeds on a sponge containing manoalide (3) and secomanoalide (4) and is likely to biotransform them into 1 and 2. Both 1 and 2 showed moderate antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis and inhibited snake venom phospholipase A2 at 0.2 to 0...
August 2009: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Emiliano Manzo, M Letizia Ciavatta, Dominique Melck, Peter Schupp, Nicole de Voogd, Margherita Gavagnin
Six unreported aromatic compounds, 1-6, were isolated, along with the known compounds dehydrocurcuphenol and manoalide, from a sample of Plakortis sp., which was the main component of a Pacific sponge consortium. The new molecules were chemically characterized by spectroscopic methods. Compounds 1-4 contain a six-membered cyclic peroxide, whereas 5 and 6 display a terminal methyl ketone. The new metabolites were tested for antifungal and antibacterial properties. Compounds 1 and 4 were weakly active against S...
August 2009: Journal of Natural Products
Violeta Ruipérez, Alma M Astudillo, María A Balboa, Jesús Balsinde
Macrophages can be activated through TLRs for a variety of innate immune responses. In contrast with the wealth of data existing on TLR-dependent gene expression and resultant cytokine production, very little is known on the mechanisms governing TLR-mediated arachidonic acid (AA) mobilization and subsequent eicosanoid production. We have previously reported the involvement of both cytosolic group IVA phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) and secreted group V phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-V) in regulating the AA mobilization response of macrophages exposed to bacterial LPS, a TLR4 agonist...
March 15, 2009: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Anne Gauvin-Bialecki, Maurice Aknin, Jacqueline Smadja
A new manoalide-related sesterterpene, 24-O-ethylmanoalide (3), was isolated from the Indian Ocean sponge Luffariella cf. variabilis, together with the known compounds manoalide (1), seco-manoalide, manoalide monoacetate and 24-O-methylmanoalide (2). The structure of compound 3 was elucidated by interpretation of its spectroscopic data.
December 15, 2008: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ram Singh, Mukul Sharma, Penny Joshi, Diwan S Rawat
The chemical, biological and ecological diversity of the marine ecosystem has contributed immensely in the discovery of extremely potent compounds that have shown potent activities in antitumor, analgesia, antiinflammatory, immunomodulation, allergy, anti-viral etc. The compounds of marine origin are diverse in structural class from simple linear peptides to complex macrocyclic polyethers. The recent advances in the sophisticated instruments for the isolation and characterization of marine natural products and development of high-throughput screening, have substantially increased the rate of discovery of various compounds of biomedical application...
August 2008: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Daniela D de Carvalho, Amine Sadok, Véronique Bourgarel-Rey, Florence Gattacceca, Claude Penel, Maxime Lehmann, Hervé Kovacic
The catalytic subunit of the NADPH oxidase complex, Nox1 (homologue of gp91phox/Nox2), expressed mainly in intestinal epithelial and vascular smooth muscle cells, functions in innate immune defense and cell proliferation. The molecular mechanisms underlying these functions, however, are not completely understood. We measured Nox1-dependent O2- production during cell spreading on Collagen IV (Coll IV) in colon carcinoma cell lines. Knocking down Nox1 by shRNA, we showed that Nox1-dependent O2- production is activated during cell spreading after 4 hr of adhesion on Collagen IV...
April 15, 2008: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Mette Elena Skindersoe, Piers Ettinger-Epstein, Thomas Bovbjerg Rasmussen, Thomas Bjarnsholt, Rocky de Nys, Michael Givskov
With the global emergence of multiresistant bacteria there is an increasing demand for development of new treatments to combat pathogens. Bacterial cell-cell communication [quorum sensing (QS)] regulates expression of virulence factors in a number of bacterial pathogens and is a new promising target for the control of infectious bacteria. We present the results of screening of 284 extracts of marine organisms from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, for their inhibition of QS. Of the 284 extracts, 64 (23%) were active in a general, LuxR-derived QS screen, and of these 36 (56%) were also active in a specific Pseudomonas aeruginosa QS screen...
January 2008: Marine Biotechnology
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