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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054122/assessing-the-reporting-quality-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-the-community
#1
Calvin Lo, Dominik Mertz, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: High quality reporting of outbreak characteristics is fundamental to understand the behavior of various strains of influenza virus and the impact of outbreak management strategies. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the quality of outbreak reporting. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic analysis and assessment for reporting quality of influenza outbreaks based on a modified version of the STROBE statement, and to examine characteristics associated with reporting quality...
October 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053083/surgical-management-of-penetrating-spinal-cord-injury-primarily-due-to-shrapnel-and-its-effect-on-neurological-outcome-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Michael H Lawless, Evan J Lytle, Andrea F McGlynn, John A Engler
OBJECTIVE This study was performed to determine whether decompression of penetrating spinal cord injury (SCI) due to explosive shrapnel leads to greater neurological recovery than conservative management. METHODS In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a comprehensive literature search using PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and the Defense Technical Information Center public site was conducted on May 2, 2016. Studies that described penetrating SCI with shrapnel as an etiology, included surgical and/or conservative management, and demonstrated admission and follow-up neurological status were eligible for inclusion in this study...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050615/investigation-of-optimal-conditions-for-production-of-highly-crystalline-nanocellulose-with-increased-yield-via-novel-cr-iii-catalyzed-hydrolysis-response-surface-methodology
#3
You Wei Chen, Hwei Voon Lee, Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid
For the first time, a highly efficient Cr(NO3)3 catalysis system was proposed for optimization the yield and crystallinity of nanocellulose end product. A five-level three-factor central composite design coupled with response surface methodology was employed to elucidate parameters interactions between three design factors, namely reaction temperature (x1), reaction time (x2) and concentration of Cr(NO3)3 (x3) over a broad range of process conditions and determine the effect on crystallinity index and product yield...
December 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050347/efficacy-and-safety-of-dose-dense-chemotherapy-in-urothelial-carcinoma
#4
Chenjing Zhu, Jiaming Liu, Jing Zhang, Qingfang Li, Qisi Lian, Jing Xu, Xuelei Ma
We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of dose-dense chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with urothelial carcinoma. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Collaboration's Central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL) for relevant articles. Data was obtained from 10 trials with a total of 1093 patients. The pooled pathologic complete response (pCR) was 27.8% in the ten studies with a full cohort of 684 patients who received dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, adriamycin and cisplatin (dd-MVAC)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050328/prognostic-role-of-pretreatment-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-urologic-cancer
#5
Jianfeng Wang, Yang Liu, Naiwen Zhang, Xuejie Li, Peng Xin, Jianbin Bi, Chuize Kong
The prognostic value of platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in urologic cancer does not reach a consensus. Herein, we performed the meta-analysis to determine the prognostic role of PLR in patients with urologic cancer. A literature search was performed in the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Hazard ratios (HRs) were extracted to estimate the association between PLR and prognosis. A total of 20 articles comprising 6079 patients were included in this study. The pooled results showed that a high PLR was significantly associated with worse prognosis of overall survival (OS) in urologic cancer [HR=1...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050285/high-dose-atorvastatin-reduces-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Changqing Lu, Helei Jia, Zhentao Wang
We systematically searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from the inception to March 31, 2017, identified relevant trials about efficacy of high-does Atorvastatin for patients with percutaneous coronary intervention. Twelve studies with the number of 2801 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with control group, high-does Atorvastatin significantly reduced the risk of myocardial infarction in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (Relative risk =0...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050251/sf3b1-mutation-is-a-prognostic-factor-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-a-meta-analysis
#7
Zhenghao Zhang, Shu Chen, Shuang Chen, Gang Chen, Rui Zhang, Jinhua Li, Jianhua Qu
Recent studies suggest that SF3B1 might be related to poor prognosis in CLL, but the results remain controversial. This meta-analysis was performed to clarify the relationship between SF3B1 mutation and prognosis in patients with CLL. The relevant published reports were searched in PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. A total of 13 articles were included in this meta-analysis as they met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The hazard ratios (HRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) for progression free survival (PFS) and/or overall survival (OS) were extracted from each eligible study...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049971/food-addiction-prevalence-psychopathological-correlates-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-in-a-large-sample
#8
Paulo R Nunes-Neto, Cristiano A Köhler, Felipe B Schuch, Marco Solmi, João Quevedo, Michael Maes, Andrea Murru, Eduard Vieta, Roger S McIntyre, Susan L McElroy, Ashley N Gearhardt, Brendon Stubbs, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of food addiction in a large Brazilian non-clinical sample. Sociodemographic and psychopathological correlates of food addiction as well as associations with quality (QoL) domains were also investigated. METHODS: This cross-sectional study obtained data from a Brazilian anonymous web-based research platform (N = 7639; 71.3% females). Participants provided sociodemographic data and completed the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049539/mid-and-long-term-outcome-comparisons-of-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-scaffolds-versus-everolimus-eluting-metallic-stents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Xin-Lin Zhang, Qing-Qing Zhu, Li-Na Kang, Xue-Ling Li, Biao Xu
Background: Percutaneous coronary interventions to implant bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) were designed to reduce the late thrombotic events that occur with metallic stents. Purpose: To estimate the incidence of scaffold thrombosis after BVS implantation and compare everolimus-eluting BVSs with everolimus-eluting metallic stents (EESs) in terms of safety and efficacy at mid- and long-term follow-up in adults who had a percutaneous coronary intervention...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049490/association-of-rhinoplasty-with-perceived-attractiveness-success-and-overall-health
#10
Jason C Nellis, Masaru Ishii, Kristin L Bater, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Lisa E Ishii
Importance: To date, the impact of rhinoplasty surgery on social perceptions has not been quantified. Objective: To measure the association of rhinoplasty with observer-graded perceived attractiveness, success, and overall health. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a web-based survey, blinded casual observers viewed independent images of 13 unique patient faces before or after rhinoplasty. Delphi method was used to select standardized patient images, confirming appropriate patient candidacy and overall surgical effect...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049323/one-time-versus-repeated-abutment-connection-for-platform-switched-implant-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Qing-Qing Wang, Ruoxi Dai, Chris Ying Cao, Hui Fang, Min Han, Quan-Li Li
OBJECTIVE: This review aims to compare peri-implant tissue changes in terms of clinical and radiographic aspects of implant restoration protocol using one-time abutment to repeated abutment connection in platform switched implant. METHOD: A structured search strategy was applied to three electronic databases, namely, Pubmed, Embase and Web of Science. Eight eligible studies, including seven randomised controlled studies and one controlled clinical study, were identified in accordance with inclusion/exclusion criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049073/postoperative-outcomes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#12
Mahesh Nagappa, George Ho, Jayadeep Patra, Jean Wong, Mandeep Singh, Roop Kaw, Davy Cheng, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common comorbidity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and may predispose patients to postoperative complications. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to determine the evidence of postoperative complications associated with OSA patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A literature search of Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Medline, Medline In-process, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and CINAHL until October 2016 was performed...
October 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048965/the-effectiveness-of-hiv-prevention-interventions-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-ethnic-minority-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Isabel Ruiz-Perez, Matthew Murphy, Guadalupe Pastor-Moreno, Antonio Rojas-García, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco
BACKGROUND: Surveys in the United States and Europe have shown a plateau of new HIV cases, with certain regions and populations disproportionately affected by the disease. Ethnic minority women and socioeconomically disadvantaged groups are disproportionately affected by HIV. Previous reviews have focused on prevention interventions targeting ethnic minority men who have sex with men, have not accounted for socioeconomic status, or have included only interventions carried out in clinical settings...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046273/upright-versus-lying-down-position-in-second-stage-of-labour-in-nulliparous-women-with-low-dose-epidural-bumpes-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
(no author information available yet)
Objective To determine whether being upright in the second stage of labour in nulliparous women with a low dose epidural increases the chance of spontaneous vaginal birth compared with lying down.Design Multicentre pragmatic individually randomised controlled trial.Setting 41 UK hospital labour wards.Participants 3093 nulliparous women aged 16 or older, at term with a singleton cephalic presentation and in the second stage of labour with epidural analgesia.Interventions Women were allocated to an upright or lying down position, using a secure web based randomisation service, stratified by centre, with no masking of participants or clinicians to the trial interventions...
October 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046265/using-the-internet-to-train-therapists-randomized-comparison-of-two-scalable-methods
#15
Zafra Cooper, Suzanne Bailey-Straebler, Katy E Morgan, Marianne E O'Connor, Caroline Caddy, Layla Hamadi, Christopher G Fairburn
BACKGROUND: One of the major barriers to the dissemination and implementation of psychological treatments is the scarcity of suitably trained therapists. The currently accepted method of training is not scalable. Recently, a scalable form of training, Web-centered training, has been shown to have promise. OBJECTIVE: The goal of our research was to conduct a randomized comparison of the relative effects of independent and supported Web-centered training on therapist competence and investigate the persistence of the effects...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045959/-prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-children-aged-0-6-years-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#16
H F Shi, J X Zhang, R Zhang, X L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and trend of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children aged 0-6 years in China. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Wanfang and Weipu Database (VIP ), and the literatures published before February 25, 2017 were selected according to the same criteria. Prevalence Data of three periods were abstracted, then pooled using random effect model...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045191/the-efficacy-of-resistance-training-in-hypoxia-to-enhance-strength-and-muscle-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Brendan R Scott, Pedro E Alcaraz, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias
Recent studies have reported that resistance training in hypoxia (RTH) may augment muscle size and strength development. However, consensus on the effects of RTH via systematic review and meta-analysis is not yet available. This work aimed to systematically review studies which have investigated using RTH versus normoxic resistance training (NRT) to improve muscular size and strength, and to perform a meta-analysis to determine the effect of RTH on these adaptive parameters. Searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from database inception until 17 June 2017 for original articles assessing the effects of RTH on muscle size and strength versus NRT...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045045/mesenchymal-stromal-cell-therapy-in-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-preclinical-studies
#18
Sajit Augustine, Marc T Avey, Brittany Harrison, Tiffany Locke, Mona Ghannad, David Moher, Bernard Thébaud
Extreme prematurity is the leading cause of death among children under 5 years of age. Currently, there is no treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the most common complication of extreme prematurity. Experimental studies in animal models of BPD suggest that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are lung protective. To date, no systematic review and meta-analysis has evaluated the preclinical evidence of this promising therapy. Our protocol was registered with Collaborative Approach to Meta-Analysis and Review of Animal Data from Experimental Studies prior to searching MEDLINE (1946 to June 1, 2015), Embase (1947 to 2015 Week 22), Pubmed, Web of Science, and conference proceedings (1990 to present) for controlled comparative studies of neonatal animal models that received MSCs or cell free MSC-derived conditioned media (MSC-CM)...
October 17, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044734/association-of-androgen-receptor-gene-cag-and-ggn-repeat-polymorphism-with-cryptorchidism-a-meta-analysis
#19
Qi Wang, Xing Ge, Heng-Xue Wang, Qiao-Mei Shi, Zhen Ding, Li-Chun Xu
Researches on association between variations in the androgen receptor (AR) gene repeat polymorphisms and cryptorchidism (CO) had conflicting results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to analyse the potential effects of AR CAG and/or GGN repeat polymorphism on CO. Studies were independently appraised by two investigators on PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO databases and Foreign Medical Retrieval System. Case-control studies with measurement of CAG and/or GGN repeat length were included. Weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the CAG or GGN repeat polymorphism and CO were calculated...
October 18, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044702/risk-of-pre-eclampsia-in-women-taking-metformin-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
A Alqudah, M C McKinley, R McNally, U Graham, C J Watson, T J Lyons, L McClements
AIMS: To perform meta-analyses of studies evaluating the risk of pre-eclampsia in high-risk insulin-resistant women taking metformin prior to, or during, pregnancy. METHODS: A search was conducted of the Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Both randomized controlled trials and prospective observational cohort studies of metformin treatment vs placebo/control or insulin either prior to or during pregnancy were selected. The main outcome measure was the incidence of pre-eclampsia in each treatment group...
October 16, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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