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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933436/smoking-cessation-and-risk-of-esophageal-cancer-by-histological-type-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Qiao-Li Wang, Shao-Hua Xie, Wen-Tao Li, Jesper Lagergren
Background: Tobacco smoking strongly increases risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and moderately increases risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. How smoking cessation influences esophageal cancer risk across histological subtypes, time latencies, and geographic regions is not clear. Methods: Studies were systematically searched on Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov. Pooled estimates of risk ratios (RRs) were derived using a random effects model...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932206/saline-irrigation-for-allergic-rhinitis
#2
REVIEW
Karen Head, Kornkiat Snidvongs, Simon Glew, Glenis Scadding, Anne Gm Schilder, Carl Philpott, Claire Hopkins
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a common condition affecting both adults and children. Patients experience symptoms of nasal obstruction, rhinorrhoea, sneezing and nasal itching, which may affect their quality of life.Nasal irrigation with saline (salty water), also known as nasal douching, washing or lavage, is a procedure that rinses the nasal cavity with isotonic or hypertonic saline solutions. It can be performed with low positive pressure from a spray, pump or squirt bottle, with a nebuliser or with gravity-based pressure in which the person instils saline into one nostril and allows it to drain out of the other...
June 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931169/association-of-vertigo-with-hearing-outcomes-in-patients-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Huiqian Yu, Huawei Li
Importance: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) accompanied by vertigo may portend a negative prognosis in the hearing outcome. Objective: To investigate the association of vertigo with prognosis of hearing variables in SSHL. Data Sources: A literature search of eligible studies was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase from September 26, 1973, through September 26, 2017. Studies published in English were retrieved with no restrictions on the date of publication...
June 21, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930810/efficacy-of-orlistat-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Hu Wang, Li Wang, Yujia Cheng, Zhiqing Xia, Yifeng Liao, Jiang Cao
In the present meta-analysis, the efficacy and safety of orlistat in the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) were evaluated. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Wan Fang data were searched for controlled trials of orlistat in patients with NAFLD or NASH, published before August 2017. Three randomized controlled trials and four single-arm trials were included. The involved participants with NAFLD or NASH (330 patients) were analyzed for clinical outcomes including alteration in hepatic histological variables and biomarkers of liver function...
July 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930690/the-effects-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-supplementation-on-inflammatory-markers-among-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-related-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Maryam Akbari, Vahidreza Ostadmohammadi, Reza Tabrizi, Moein Mobini, Kamran B Lankarani, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Maryam Chamani, Fariba Kolahdooz, Zatollah Asemi
Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to determine the effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) supplementation on the inflammatory markers among patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and related disorders. Methods: We searched the following databases until November 2017: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Three reviewers independently assessed study eligibility, extracted data, and evaluated risk of bias of included primary studies...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930374/one-billion-people-have-experienced-a-traumatic-dental-injury
#6
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Websites of scientific societies of dental traumatology, paediatric dentistry, endodontics, oral-maxillofacial surgery and World Health Organization and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention were searched. There were no language restrictions, but the search was limited to the years 1996-2016.Study selectionObservational studies reporting proportions of individuals with at least one TDI (prevalence) and who developed TDI (incidence rate) were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930372/oral-anticoagulant-therapy-and-tooth-extraction-does-the-evidence-support-drug-holidays
#7
Ed Madeley, Brett Duane
Data sourcesPubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane library, China Biology Medicine Disc (CBM), China National Knowledge infrastructure (CNKI).Study SelectionThis study included only human randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical controlled trials (CCTs). To be included studies had to include patients prescribed oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) requiring dental extraction(s). Comparison was made between patients discontinuing OAT for the dental extraction(s) and those continuing with their OAT. The outcome measured was post-operative bleeding identified by clinician or patient...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930362/botulinum-toxin-for-facial-neuralgia
#8
Debra K Fischoff, Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesMedline via PubMed, the Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched until April 2014.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A (BoTN-A) with placebo in patients with painful trigeminal (TN) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) reporting changes in pain intensity in patients aged 19 years and older available in English were included.Data extraction and synthesisThree authors independently assessed for inclusion, extracted standard data and assessed for risk of bias...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930360/surgical-treatments-for-nonsyndromic-odontogenic-keratocysts
#9
Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesPubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Web of Science, Scopus and the Cochrane Library were searched until October 2017.Study selectionClinical trials, controlled trials, retrospective studies and case series containing at least ten cases with a minimum follow-up of ten years of patients treated with marsupialisation or decompression with or without enucleation, and enucleation alone evaluating the recurrence rates.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently assessed for eligibility and extracted data...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930358/is-osteoporosis-a-risk-factor-for-implant-survival-or-failure
#10
Alessandro Grisa, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesAn electronic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library and SciELO databases up to September 2016. References of included studies were also searched. English language restriction was applied.Study selectionClinical monitoring studies with at least six months of follow-up, including retrospective studies, prospective studies, and controlled and randomised clinical trials. Clinical case studies were excluded from the sample and only studies with a minimum of five patients were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929736/malignancy-development-risk-in-psoriatic-arthritis-patients-undergoing-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Xuan Luo, Chuiwen Deng, Yunyun Fei, Wen Zhang, Yongzhe Li, Xuan Zhang, Yan Zhao, Xiaofeng Zeng, Fengchun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic and seronegative inflammatory arthritis occurring in patients with psoriasis. The current knowledge about the risk of malignancy associated with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients undergoing therapy is controversial. We focused on the relationship between malignancy and therapy and undertook a meta-analysis to address this issue. METHODS: A systematic literature search of the PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases was performed to identify relevant studies and trials...
May 23, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929586/digital-epidemiology-calibrating-readers-to-score-dental-images-remotely
#12
Bruce A Dye, Michaela Goodwin, Roger P Ellwood, Iain A Pretty
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest to use digital photographs in dental epidemiology. However, the reporting of procedures and metric-based performance outcomes from training to promote data quality prior to actual scoring of digital images has not been optimal. METHODS: A training study was undertaken to assess training methodology and to select a group of scorers to assess images for dental fluorosis captured during the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
July 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929198/differential-associations-of-walking-and-cycling-with-body-weight-body-fat-and-fat-distribution-the-acti-cit%C3%A3-s-project
#13
Mehdi Menai, Hélène Charreire, Pilar Galan, Chantal Simon, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Christiane Weber, Christophe Enaux, Serge Hercberg, Léopold Fezeu, Jean-Michel Oppert
BACKGROUND: Research on the associations between walking and cycling with obesity-related phenotypes is growing but relies mostly on the use of BMI. The purpose of this study was to analyze associations of walking and cycling behaviors assessed separately with various obesity markers in French adults. METHODS: In 12,776 adult participants (71.3% women) of the on-going NutriNet Santé web-cohort, we assessed by self-report past-month walking and cycling (for commuting, errands and leisure), and obesity measures were taken during a visit at a clinical center (weight, height, waist circumference, and percent body fat by bioimpedance)...
June 22, 2018: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929173/influence-of-tranexamic-acid-on-cerebral-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Beilei Huang, Qiusheng Xu, Ru Ye, Jun Xu
Tranexamic acid might be beneficial for cerebral hemorrhage. However, the results remained controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of tranexamic acid on cerebral hemorrhage. PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of tranexamic acid on cerebral hemorrhage were included. Two investigators independently searched articles, extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928607/risk-factors-for-poor-outcome-in-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Zheng Chen, Gang Zhang, Alexander Lerner, An-Hui Wang, Bo Gao, Jie Liu
Background: The roles of clinical etiology and symptoms, imaging findings and biochemical parameters in predicting the prognosis of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) have not been well-characterized. We perform a meta-analysis of all published studies to assess the value of various risk factors in predicting the prognosis of PRES. Methods: Searches of the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were performed to identify the eligible studies...
May 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927049/an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-clinical-outcome-of-single-incision-slings-excluding-tvt-secur-versus-standard-slings-in-surgical-management-of-stress-incontinence
#16
REVIEW
Aram Kim, Min Seo Kim, Young-Jin Park, Woo Suk Choi, Hyoung Keun Park, Sung Hyun Paick, Myung-Soo Choo, Hyeong Gon Kim
OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the long-term efficacy and safety of single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) except tension-free vaginal tape (TVT)-Secur with standard midurethral slings (SMUS) for female stress urinary incontinence through an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing these 2 surgical methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review of all RCTs comparing SIMS (Mini-Arc, Contasure-Needleless, Ophira, Tissue Fixation System, and Ajust) except TVT-Secur with SMUS was performed...
June 21, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926369/the-effectiveness-of-resisted-sled-training-rst-for-sprint-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Pedro E Alcaraz, Jorge Carlos-Vivas, Bruno O Oponjuru, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Sprinting is key in the development and final results of competitions in a range of sport disciplines, both individual (e.g., athletics) and team sports. Resisted sled training (RST) might provide an effective training method to improve sprinting, in both the acceleration and the maximum-velocity phases. However, substantial discrepancies exist in the literature regarding the influence of training status and sled load prescription in relation to the specific components of sprint performance to be developed and the phase of sprint...
June 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925515/change-in-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-adipose-tissue-in-brca1-2-breast-cancer-survivors-following-a-year-long-lifestyle-modification-program
#18
Kathleen M Sturgeon, Wayne Y Foo, Mariane L Heroux, Kathryn Schmitz
Breast cancer survivors who carry a genetic mutation for one of the BRCA genes often undergo surgically-induced menopause a decade or more before the usual age of natural menopause. These women are at elevated risk for multiple negative health outcomes, including metabolic diseases, heart disease, and cancer recurrence. Effects of a 12-month commercially available web-based lifestyle program (Precision Nutrition) were tested on body composition and markers of inflammation in a randomized controlled trial. Participants (N=35) were BRCA1/2+, breast cancer survivors, and had completed surgically-induced menopause at age <45 years...
June 20, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923984/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-significance-of-pd-l1-expression-in-sarcoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Chuanxi Zheng, Wei You, Peng Wan, Xiaochun Jiang, Jinquan Chen, Yuchen Zheng, Wei Li, Jifeng Tan, Shiquan Zhang
Programmed cell death-ligands 1 (PD-L1) is a key immune checkpoint protein and a promising therapeutic target for malignancy tumor immunotherapy. The prognostic value of PD-L1 in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma remains controversial. Therefore, this meta-analysis is conducted to evaluate the associations of PD-L1 expression with overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and clinicopathological characteristics of sarcomaA comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library was conducted for relevant studies...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923665/positive-and-negative-affect-in-cocaine-use-disorder-treatment-change-across-time-and-relevance-to-treatment-outcome
#20
Suzanne E Decker, Kristen P Morie, Bo Malin-Mayo, Charla Nich, Kathleen M Carroll
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for substance use disorder is empirically supported, and may be associated with change in affect over time. OBJECTIVES: Understanding the role of affect in cocaine use disorder could help to improve CBT outcomes. METHODS: This secondary analysis included 140 adults with cocaine use disorder, 57.9% female, drawn from two randomized controlled studies of web-based cognitive-behavior therapy who completed the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) before and during treatment...
June 20, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
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