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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468259/palliative-care-in-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
K Zhou, Y Mao
BACKGROUND: Palliative care can play an important role in the management of heart failure. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of palliative care in patients with heart failure. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and the Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the impact of palliative care on heart failure were included. Two investigators independently searched the articles, extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies...
February 21, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468063/effects-of-metformin-on-survival-outcomes-of-pancreatic-cancer-patients-with-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#2
Wenxiu Xin, Luo Fang, Qilu Fang, Xiaowei Zheng, Ping Huang
Pancreatic cancer risk is reduced by metformin treatment in patients with diabetes. However, the effect of metformin on pancreatic cancer overall survival is unclear. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between metformin and clinical outcomes of pancreatic cancer patients with diabetes. An electronic and manual search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, Medline-Ovid and Cochrane Library databases between the beginning and March 31, 2017. A total of 8 studies consisting of 4,293 patients with pancreatic cancer with diabetes were included, comprising 2,033 patients who had received metformin and 2,260 patients who had not...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467030/drug-discontinuation-before-contrast-procedures-and-the-effect-on-acute-kidney-injury-and-other-clinical-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Swapnil Hiremath, Jeanne Françoise Kayibanda, Benjamin J W Chow, Dean Fergusson, Greg A Knoll, Wael Shabana, Brianna Lahey, Olivia McBride, Alexandra Davis, Ayub Akbari
BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is defined as worsening of renal function after the administration of iodinated contrast material. In patients with cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, and/or diabetes, renin-angiotensin system blockers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diuretics, and metformin can increase the risk of CI-AKI when undergoing contrast imaging. Despite CI-AKI being the leading iatrogenic cause of acute kidney injury, there is a lack of sufficient scientific evidence supporting which drugs should be stopped, when they should be stopped, and when they should be resumed...
February 21, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466093/efficacy-of-a-web-based-tailored-intervention-to-reduce-cannabis-use-among-young-people-attending-adult-education-centers-in-quebec
#4
José Côté, Sébastien Tessier, Hélène Gagnon, Nicole April, Geneviève Rouleau, Miguel Chagnon
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use is common among young adults. Web-based interventions are an increasingly popular way to reach this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Web-based tailored intervention, developed on theoretical and empirical grounds, to reduce cannabis use among young people by promoting a more positive intention to abstain. METHODS: An experimental design was employed to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention in reducing cannabis use (primary outcome) by bolstering intention (secondary outcome) to abstain from use...
February 21, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464093/impact-of-lmp7-rs2071543-gene-polymorphism-in-increasing-cancer-risk-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#5
Raju K Mandal, Sajad A Dar, Arshad Jawed, Mohd Wahid, Mohtashim Lohani, Aditya K Panda, Bhartendu N Mishra, Naseem Akhter, Mohammed Y Areeshi, Shafiul Haque
Genetic variant LMP7 (low molecular weight polypeptide 7) -145 C > A may influence the function of immune surveillance of an individual and lead to cancer development. Various studies have investigated the relevance of LMP7 -145 C > A gene polymorphism with cancer risk; but, their results are conflicting and inconsistent. To obtain a comprehensive conclusion, a meta-analysis was performed by including eight eligible published studies retrieved from PubMed (Medline), EMBASE and Google Scholar web search until December 2016...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462592/platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-acts-as-an-independent-predictor-of-prognosis-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Zhun Wang, Shuanghe Peng, Aixiang Wang, Hui Xie, Linpei Guo, Ning Jiang, Yuanjie Niu
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of plated-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in multiple malignancies had been investigated in previous studies; however, its prognostic value in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains controversial. This study was performed to assess the prognostic value of preoperative PLR in RCC patients. METHODS: Literature was searched from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane database, which evaluated the relationships between preoperative PLR and prognosis in RCC patients...
February 17, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462222/cross-sectional-survey-of-the-burden-of-illness-of-rosacea-by-erythema-severity
#7
Julie Harper, James Q Del Rosso, Ilia L Ferrusi
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterized by persistent central facial erythema. To explore the burden of illness of rosacea in US adults, a cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted. Participants answered questions on sociodemographics, clinical characteristics, bothersome symptoms, coping and avoidance behaviors, self-perceptions, and health care resource utilization, and completed 2 quality of life instruments, the 21-item rosacea-specific quality of life questionnaire (RosaQoL) and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460686/anatomical-pathology-of-the-umbilical-cord-and-its-maternal-and-fetal-clinical-associations-in-434-newborns
#8
Mercedes Olaya-C, Fabian Gil, Juan D Salcedo, Ana J Salazar, Jaime L Silva, Jaime E Bernal
Introduction Umbilical cord (UC) abnormalities and their clinical relations in 434 newborns were analyzed. We had previously reported on clinical associations of long and short UCs with any kind of malformation. This study focuses on other UC features (insertion, vessels, entanglements, coiling, and knots) and their associations with clinical characteristics and neonatal prognosis. Methods An observational analytic study was performed on placentas from consecutive deliveries. Ordered logistic regression with bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between variables of interest concerning UC abnormalities...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459939/cognitive-outcomes-of-children-born-extremely-or-very-preterm-since-the-1990s-and-associated-risk-factors-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#9
E Sabrina Twilhaar, Rebecca M Wade, Jorrit F de Kieviet, Johannes B van Goudoever, Ruurd M van Elburg, Jaap Oosterlaan
Importance: Despite apparent progress in perinatal care, children born extremely or very preterm (EP/VP) remain at high risk for cognitive deficits. Insight into factors contributing to cognitive outcome is key to improve outcomes after EP/VP birth. Objective: To examine the cognitive abilities of children of EP/VP birth (EP/VP children) and the role of perinatal and demographic risk factors. Data Sources: PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO were searched without language restriction (last search March 2, 2017)...
February 19, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459356/three-factor-structure-of-the-ehealth-literacy-scale-among-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-computed-tomography-outpatients-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#10
Lisa L Hyde, Allison W Boyes, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Lisa J Mackenzie, Rob Sanson-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) literacy is needed to effectively engage with Web-based health resources. The 8-item eHealth literacy scale (eHEALS) is a commonly used self-report measure of eHealth literacy. Accumulated evidence has suggested that the eHEALS is unidimensional. However, a recent study by Sudbury-Riley and colleagues suggested that a theoretically-informed three-factor model fit better than a one-factor model. The 3 factors identified were awareness (2 items), skills (3 items), and evaluate (3 items)...
February 19, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458367/the-rs1024611-in-the-ccl2-gene-and-risk-of-gynecological-cancer-in-asians-a-meta-analysis
#11
Shuying He, Xiuzhen Zhang
BACKGROUND: The -2518A/G (rs1024611) polymorphism of the CCL2 (C-C motif chemokine ligand 2), also known as MCP-1 (monocyte chemotactic protein-1) gene, has been reported to be associated with increased gynecological cancer risk, but the results are conflicting. METHODS: In this analysis, 1089 cases and 1553 controls from six publications were used to investigate the association between CCL2-2518A/G (rs1024611) polymorphism and the risk of gynecological cancer with a meta-analytic approach...
February 20, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457492/the-risk-of-community-acquired-enteric-infection-in-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Radwan A Hafiz, Chia Wong, Stuart Paynter, Michael David, Geeske Peeters
BACKGROUND: Previous meta-analyses suggest that users of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have a higher risk of developing enteric infections compared with nonusers. These previous meta-analyses have considerable heterogeneity, and it is not clear whether the effect of PPIs is different for different types of microorganisms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to update previous meta-analyses, concentrating on enteric infection in community settings and exploring potential sources of heterogeneity...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457434/-minimally-invasive-sinus-tarsal-approach-versus-conventional-l-shaped-lateral-approach-in-treating-calcaneal-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#13
Min-Hao Wu, Wen-Chao Sun, Fei-Fei Yan, Zhi-Qiang Hou, Fan Feng, Lin Cai
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy and safety of minimally invasive sinus tarsal approach versus conventional L-shaped lateral approach in treating calcaneal fractures. METHODS: The studies concerning about randomized controlled trial and non-randomized controlled trial of minimally invasive sinus tarsal approach versus conventional L-shaped lateral approach in treating calcaneal fractures from the time of creating database to March, 2017 were searched from PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMbase, ISI Web of Knowledge databases, VIP, CNKI, CBM and Wan Fang...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456025/effectiveness-of-user-and-expert-driven-web-based-hypertension-programs-an-rct
#14
Sam Liu, Dina Brooks, Scott G Thomas, Gunther Eysenbach, Robert P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of self-guided Internet-based lifestyle counseling (e-counseling) varies, depending on treatment protocol. Two dominant procedures in e-counseling are expert- and user-driven. The influence of these procedures on hypertension management remains unclear. The objective was to assess whether blood pressure improved with expert-driven or user-driven e-counseling over control intervention in patients with hypertension over a 4-month period. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a three-parallel group, double-blind randomized controlled design...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455227/the-clinical-features-of-patients-concurrent-with-guillain-barre-syndrome-and-myasthenia-gravis
#15
Junliang Yuan, Juan Zhang, Bingwei Zhang, Wenli Hu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate all the coincidence cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: We performed web-based research of the overlapping incidence of GBS and MG in studies occurring from 1982 to 2016 and restricted to the English language. RESULTS: Among 15 cases, an elevated CSF protein level without pleocytosis was found in 10 cases (66.7%); reduced nerve conduction was found in 13 cases (86.6%); a positive repetitive nerve stimulation test occurred in 11 cases (73...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455092/internet-pseudoscience-testing-opioid-containing-formulations-with-tampering-potential
#16
Jennifer P Pascali, Paolo Fais, Fabio Vaiano, Nicola Pigaiani, Stefano D'Errico, Sandra Furlanetto, Diego Palumbo, Elisabetta Bertol
Drug tampering practices, with the aim to increase availability of drug delivery and/or enhance drug effects, are accessible on Internet and are practiced by some portion of recreational drug users. Not rarely, recreational misuse may result in toxic and even fatal results. The aim of the present study was to assess the tampering risk of medicaments containing different formulations of an opioid in combination with paracetamol or dexketoprofen, following the procedures reported in dedicated forums on the web...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454871/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-do-the-benefits-outweigh-the-risks
#17
REVIEW
Wilson Kwong, George Tomlinson, Denice S Feig
OBJECTIVE: Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a number of adverse obstetrical outcomes, including gestational diabetes, macrosomia and preeclampsia. There is increasing evidence that bariatric surgery may decrease the risk of these outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the benefits and risks of bariatric surgery in obese women on obstetrical outcomes. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search using MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science and PubMed from inception up to December 12, 2016...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454761/diagnostic-accuracy-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-in-acute-myocarditis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Christos P Kotanidis, Maria-Anna Bazmpani, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Charalambos Karvounis, Charalambos Antoniades, Theodoros D Karamitsos
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to explore the diagnostic accuracy of various cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) index tests for the diagnosis of acute myocarditis in adult patients. BACKGROUND: Acute myocarditis remains one of the most challenging diagnoses in cardiology. CMR has emerged as the diagnostic tool of choice to detect acute myocardial injury and necrosis in patients with suspected myocarditis. METHODS: We considered all diagnostic cohort and case-control studies...
February 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454220/early-life-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-suicide-attempts-an-update-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Collin Yin Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
Suicide is an emerging, yet preventable global health issue associated with significant mortality. Identification of underlying risk factors and antecedents may inform preventive strategies and interventions. This study serves to provide an updated meta-analysis examining the extent of association of early life sexual abuse with suicide attempts. Using the keywords [early abuse OR childhood abuse OR sexual OR rape OR molest* OR violence OR trauma OR PTSD] AND [suicid* OR premature OR unnatural OR deceased OR died OR mortality], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases yielded 12,874 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1988 and 1-June-2017...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453799/impact-of-post-diagnostic-statin-use-on-ovarian-cancer-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#20
Xia Li, Jing Zhou
AIM: To comprehensively evaluate the association between post-diagnostic statin use and mortality of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. METHODS: Using a comprehensive strategy, multiple databases (Medline, Embase, and Web of Science) were systematically searched to identify observational studies that examined the correlation between statin use and OC mortality up to December 31, 2017. The studies were independently reviewed and selected based on predetermined selection criteria...
February 17, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
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