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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692040/-the-continuous-trophic-spectrum-of-food-web-in-dalian-marine-area-china
#1
Jia Shen Tian, Jia Bo Han, Zhi Chuang Lu, Zhi Qiang Ma, Duo Hui Li, Bai Wang, Yi Bing Liu
This study analyzed the values of δ13 C and δ15 N by the application of stable isotope technique from the marine mammals (Phoca largha, Neophocaena asiaorientalis sunameri, Balaenoptera acutorostrata) and major biological species in Dalian marine area based on the animals collected due to stranding and death after bycatch from January, 2008 to June, 2017, and the fisheries resources investigation between autumn, 2016 and spring, 2017 in the same area. The trophic level was then calculated in order to establish the continuous trophic spectrum of the food web in Dalian marine area...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691594/response-rate-differences-between-web-and-alternative-data-collection-methods-for-public-health-research-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Cauane Blumenberg, Aluísio J D Barros
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature and compare response rates (RRs) of web surveys to alternative data collection methods in the context of epidemiologic and public health studies. METHODS: We reviewed the literature using PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, WebSM, and Google Scholar databases. We selected epidemiologic and public health studies that considered the general population and used two parallel data collection methods, being one web-based. RR differences were analyzed using two-sample test of proportions, and pooled using random effects...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690111/a-new-species-of-the-genus-megophrys-anura-megophryidae-from-yunnan-province-china
#3
Jian-Huan Yang, Jian Wang, Ying-Yong Wang
We describe a new horned toad species of the genus Megophrys from Yingjiang County of Yunnan Province, China. The new species, Megophrys feii sp. nov., can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: (1) body slender and small (SVL 24.3-25.1 mm in four males, 28.2-28.9 mm in two females); (2) head length about equal to head width (HDL/HDW 0.97-0.99); (3) tympanum circular and distinct; (4) maxillary teeth present; (5) vomerine ridges and vomerine teeth absent; (6) tongue round, slightly notched posteriorly; (7) tibia long (TIB/SVL 0...
April 23, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689545/urinary-and-blood-microrna-126-and-770-are-potential-noninvasive-biomarker-candidates-for-diabetic-nephropathy-a-meta-analysis
#4
Sungjin Park, SeongRyeol Moon, Kiyoung Lee, Ie Byung Park, Dae Ho Lee, Seungyoon Nam
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diabetic nephropathy (DN), a major diabetic microvascular complication, has a long and growing list of biomarkers, including microRNA biomarkers, which have not been consistent across preclinical and clinical studies. This meta-analysis aims to identify significant blood- and urine-incident microRNAs as diagnostic/prognostic biomarker candidates for DN. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched from their earliest records through 12th Dec 2016...
April 18, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688108/a-novel-workplace-based-assessment-for-competency-based-decisions-and-learner-feedback
#5
Patricia J Hicks, Melissa J Margolis, Carol L Carraccio, Brian E Clauser, Kathleen Donnelly, H Barrett Fromme, Kimberly A Gifford, Sue E Poynter, Daniel J Schumacher, Alan Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Increased recognition of the importance of competency-based education and assessment has led to the need for practical and reliable methods to assess relevant skills in the workplace. METHODS: A novel milestone-based workplace assessment system was implemented in 15 pediatrics residency programs. The system provided: (1) web-based multisource feedback (MSF) and structured clinical observation (SCO) instruments that could be completed on any computer or mobile device; and (2) monthly feedback reports that included competency-level scores and recommendations for improvement...
April 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686479/does-manual-therapy-improve-pain-and-function-in-patients-with-plantar-fasciitis-a-systematic-review
#6
John J Fraser, Revay Corbett, Chris Donner, Jay Hertel
Objective: To assess if manual therapy (MT) in the treatment of plantar fasciitis (PF) patients improves pain and function more effectively than other interventions. Methods: A systematic review of all randomized control trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of MT in the treatment of human patients with PF, plantar fasciosis, and heel pain published in English on PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases was conducted. Research quality was appraised utilizing the PEDro scale...
May 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685957/the-prognostic-significance-of-preoperative-serum-albumin-in-urothelial-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Jing Liu, Fang Wang, Shaohong Li, Wenhui Huang, Yanjuan Jia, Chaojun Wei
Preoperative serum albumin has been considered to be closely correlated with the prognosis of various cancers, including urothelial carcinoma (UC). However, to date,this conclusion remains controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis is to investigate the prognostic significance of preoperative serum albumin in UC. A literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library up to July 04, 2017. Herein, a total of 15,506 patients from 23 studies were enrolled in our meta-analysis...
April 23, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685870/effectiveness-of-an-internet-and-app-based-intervention-for-college-students-with-elevated-stress-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Mathias Harrer, Sophia Helen Adam, Rebecca Jessica Fleischmann, Harald Baumeister, Randy Auerbach, Ronny Bruffaerts, Pim Cuijpers, Ronald C Kessler, Matthias Berking, Dirk Lehr, David Daniel Ebert
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are highly prevalent among college students. Most students with poor mental health, however, do not receive professional help. Internet-based self-help formats may increase the utilization of treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based, app-supported stress management intervention for college students. METHODS: College students (n=150) with elevated levels of stress (Perceived Stress Scale 4-item version, PSS-4 ≥8) were randomly assigned to either an internet- and mobile-based stress intervention group with feedback on demand or a waitlist control group...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685823/the-benefits-of-yoga-practice-compared-to-physical-exercise-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Ranil Jayawardena, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Tharindu Chathuranga, Piyusha Milani Atapattu, Anoop Misra
Yoga is increasingly used as an adjunctive therapy in the management of Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The present study aims to systematically evaluate the literature and perform a meta-analysis on the effects of yoga practice compared to physical exercise in the management of T2DM. Data were obtained using a stepwise search process using keywords in the following online medical databases; PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. All controlled clinical trials involving patients with T2DM, comparing yoga as an intervention with physical exercise and evaluating glycaemic control and other outcomes between the intervention and control groups were included in the analysis...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682546/melatonin-for-atypical-antipsychotic-induced-metabolic-adverse-effects-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Ashwin Kamath, Zahoor Ahmad Rather
The objective of our study was to determine the effect of melatonin administration on atypical antipsychotic-induced metabolic adverse effects in patients with psychiatric disorders. A systematic search was performed in PUBMED, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, and EBSCOhost electronic databases. Randomized controlled trials studying the effect of melatonin on antipsychotic-induced metabolic adverse effects were identified and subjected to meta-analysis. Four studies were included in the meta-analysis, including 57 patients on melatonin and 61 patients on placebo...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681574/effect-of-palliative-care-for-patients-with-heart-failure
#11
Zhili Xu, Linglong Chen, Shuang Jin, Baohua Yang, Xinguo Chen, Zhang Wu
Palliative care might be beneficial to heart failure. However, the results remain controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the effect of palliative care on heart failure.PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of palliative care versus usual care on heart failure were included. Two investigators independently searched articles, extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies...
April 20, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680557/-210-po-concentration-in-selected-diatoms-and-dinoflagellates-in-the-northern-arabian-gulf
#12
S Uddin, M Behbehani, A N Al-Ghadban, S Sajid, V Vinod Kumar, L Al-Musallam, W Al-Zekri, M Ali, S Al-Julathi, M Al-Murad, F Alam
Marine phytoplankton is a primary producer in the ocean that forms the base of the marine food web and supports the pelagic food chain. The two dominant groups of phytoplankton observed in northern Gulf waters are diatoms and dinoflagellates. The diatoms outnumber dinoflagellates in the Gulf waters. This study presents baseline information on the concentration of 210 Po among selected phytoplankton in the northern Gulf. The concentration among diatoms varies between 6.99 and 11.4 Bq kg-1 wwt, whereas a higher concentration range of 8...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680229/zap-70-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Yini Liu, Yangfeng Wang, Jule Yang, Yongyi Bi, Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported that zeta-chain-associated protein kinase 70 (ZAP-70) expression plays a prognostic role in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, these results remain controversial. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to clarify the prognostic value of ZAP-70 expression in CLL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant studies were searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, and Web of Science up to January 2018. Clinicopathological features and prognostic data were extracted from the studies...
April 19, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679430/is-mri-targeted-biopsy-a-useful-addition-to-systematic-confirmatory-biopsy-in-men-on-active-surveillance-for-low-risk-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Ivo G Schoots, Daan Nieboer, Francesco Giganti, Caroline M Moore, Chris H Bangma, Monique J Roobol
BACKGROUND: Active surveillance of prostate cancer is recommended for men with Gleason 3+3 on standard TRUS-guided biopsy. Confirmatory assessment can include repeat standard TRUS-guided biopsy, and/or MRI with targeted biopsy when indicated. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and meta-analyse evidence regarding the additional value of MRI and MRI-targeted biopsies to confirmatory systematic biopsies in identifying high-grade prostate cancer in men with low-risk disease on TRUS biopsy...
April 21, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678867/effect-of-the-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-liner-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-with-obesity-a-meta-analysis-with-secondary-analysis-on-weight-loss-and-hormonal-changes
#15
REVIEW
Pichamol Jirapinyo, Andrea V Haas, Christopher C Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) is an endoscopic device that may mimic small bowel mechanisms of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Previous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of DJBL at inducing weight loss. We assessed the effect of DJBL on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with obesity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data sources included MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science through 1 July 2017. Included were published studies that assessed DJBL outcomes in obese T2D patients...
May 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678631/platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-advanced-cancer-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Bo Li, Pingting Zhou, Yujie Liu, Haifeng Wei, Xinghai Yang, Tianrui Chen, Jianru Xiao
BACKGROUND: Inflammation biomarkers have been introduced into clinical practice for risk-rating in treatment of patients with cancer. We aimed to confirm the prognostic role of platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) as a powerful biomarker for patients with advanced cancer. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted through PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases for studies on advanced tumors. Research articles that analyzed the PLR and hazard ratios (HR) in patients with overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) data were involved...
April 17, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678459/impact-of-elementary-school-located-influenza-vaccinations-a-stepped-wedge-trial-across-a-community
#17
Peter G Szilagyi, Stanley Schaffer, Cynthia M Rand, Nicolas P N Goldstein, A Dirk Hightower, Mary Younge, Ashley Eagan, Aaron Blumkin, Christina S Albertin, Kristine DiBitetto, Cathleen Concannon, Phyllis Vincelli, Byung-Kwang Yoo, Sharon G Humiston
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination rates among children are low and novel strategies are needed to raise coverage. We measured the impact of school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) on coverage, examined whether SLIV substitutes for practice-based influenza vaccination ("substitution"), and estimated whether a second year of experience with SLIV increases its impact. METHODS: We implemented a stepped wedge study design with schools as clusters. In Year 1, we randomly allocated schools to SLIV or control...
May 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678450/effects-of-exercise-training-on-pulmonary-function-in-adults-with-chronic-lung-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Pablo A Salcedo, Jacob B Lindheimer, Jacquelyn C Klein-Adams, Anays M Sotolongo, Michael J Falvo
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of exercise training on indices of pulmonary function in adults with chronic lung disease using meta-analytic techniques. Whole body exercise training is well-known to confer favorable adaptations to multiple organ systems; however, exercise-induced adaptations to the respiratory system are assumed to be limited, if present at all, but have not been systematically reviewed. DATA SOURCES: Eligible trials were identified using a systematic search of Medline, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and GoogleScholar databases...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676540/effects-of-omega-3-supplementation-on-adipocytokines-in-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Tarik Becic, Christian Studenik
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effects of omega-3 supplementation on adipocytokine levels in adult prediabetic and diabetic individuals. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Cochrane Trial Register, World Health Organization Clinical Trial Registry Platform, and Clinicaltrial.gov Registry from inception to August 1, 2017 for randomized controlled trials. Pooled effects of interventions were assessed as mean difference using random effects model...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676306/spectacle-prescription-in-children-understanding-practical-approach-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#20
Sumit Monga, Paaraj Dave
Purpose: The aim of this study is to survey the management approach, regarding spectacle prescription in children, among Indian ophthalmologists. Methods: A web-based, anonymous questionnaire (multiple choice questions dealing with practical aspects of pediatric refraction), was sent to available database of Indian ophthalmologists. The survey responses (depicted in %) were compared using the amount of pediatric clientele in one's practice (Group A: <25%, Group B: 25% or more)...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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