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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240960/variant-rs2200733-and-rs10033464-on-chromosome-4q25-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-catheter-ablation-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis
#1
Jiake He, Wengen Zhu, Yang Yu, Jinzhu Hu, Kui Hong
BACKGROUND: Common genetic polymorphisms at chromosome 4q25 were associated with increased susceptibility to atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it remained controversial whether these variants could be used as risk predictors for AF recurrence after catheter ablation. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to quantify the association between rs2200733 C>T/rs10033464 G>T and AF recurrence. METHODS: Relevant studies were systematically retrieved from PubMed, Web of science, Elsevier database and Cochrane library through November 2016...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240636/the-etiology-of-genital-ulcer-disease-and-coinfections-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-zimbabwe-results-from-the-zimbabwe-sti-etiology-study
#2
More Mungati, Anna Machiha, Owen Mugurungi, Mufuta Tshimanga, Peter H Kilmarx, Justice Nyakura, Gerald Shambira, Vitalis Kupara, David A Lewis, Elizabeth Gonese, Beth A Tippett Barr, H Hunter Handsfield, Cornelis A Rietmeijer
BACKGROUND: In many countries, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are treated syndromically. Thus, patients diagnosed as having genital ulcer disease (GUD) in Zimbabwe receive a combination of antimicrobials to treat syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and genital herpes. Periodic studies are necessary to assess the current etiology of GUD and assure the appropriateness of current treatment guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 6 geographically diverse clinics in Zimbabwe serving high numbers of STI cases to enroll men and women with STI syndromes, including GUD...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238875/pepsin-in-saliva-as-a-diagnostic-biomarker-in-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jing Wang, Yu Zhao, Jianjun Ren, Yang Xu
OBJECTIVE: Pepsin in saliva has been proposed as a biomarker for the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), but the results remain controversial. We assessed the diagnostic value of pepsin in saliva for LPR. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for studies in English that evaluated the utility of pepsin in saliva in the diagnosis of LPR, published up to 15 March 2017. We used Stata 12.0 to summarize the diagnostic indexes for the meta-analysis...
December 13, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238477/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-iran-a-meta-analysis
#4
Rahim Ostovar, Faezeh Kiani, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Masood Yasemi, Yazdan Mohsenzadeh, Yousof Mohsenzadeh
Background: Metabolic syndrome) MetS( is a complex risk factor which increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. There are many studies with various populations and results about the prevalence of MetS in Iran; in order to authenticate these studies and have an overall estimation of its prevalence in Iran, performing a meta-analysis seems to be necessary. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of MetS and its components in Iran via meta-analysis method...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238362/combined-thrombectomy-and-intracoronary-administration-of-glycoprotein-iib-iiia-inhibitors-improves-myocardial-reperfusion-in-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis
#5
Xiao-Wei Niu, Jing-Jing Zhang, Ming Bai, Yu Peng, Zheng Zhang
Background: Suboptimal myocardial reperfusion is common in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Furthermore, it results in increased infarct size and mortality rates. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the role of aspiration thrombectomy (AT) combined with intracoronary administration of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) in the improvement of myocardial reperfusion and clinical outcomes...
October 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238205/predictive-value-of-interim-pet-ct-visual-interpretation-in-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-aggressive-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#6
Cheng-Cheng Liao, Yun-Ying Qin, Xiao-Hong Tan, Jia-Jie Hu, Qi Tang, Yan Rong, Hong Cen, Le-Qun Li
Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) visual interpretation in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) using a meta-analysis and systematic review. Methods: Using the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases, we performed a systematic review of the use of visual evaluation mid-chemotherapy to evaluate the prognosis of aggressive NHL in studies published up to May 2017...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237919/efficacy-and-safety-of-bevacizumab-in-elderly-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#7
Xiuxing Chen, Yanfeng Chen, Xiuyu Cai, Dongsheng Zhang, Lei Fan, Huijuan Qiu, Bei Zhang, Guifang Guo
AIMS: Bevacizumab plus chemotherapy (CT) has been the standard treatment for advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC) in the last decade. However, whether geriatric patients treated with this combination achieved more benefits or suffered severer toxicities than CT alone remained controversial. This meta-analysis was aimed to provide more convincing evidence. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Randomized control trials (RCTs) and retrospective comparative studies on the comparison between bevacizumab plus CT and CT for geriatric ACRC patients were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Ovid until June 2016...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237585/evaluating-the-dental-caries-related-information-on-brazilian-websites-qualitative-study
#8
Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Melina Martins Coelho, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common chronic oral disease, affecting 2.4 billion people worldwide who on average have 2.11 decayed, missing, or filled teeth. It impacts the quality of life of patients, socially and economically. However, the comprehension of dental caries may be difficult for most people, as it involves a multifactorial etiology with the interplay between the tooth surface, the dental biofilm, dietary fermentable carbohydrates, and genetic and behavioral factors...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237054/estimation-of-female-radiation-doses-and-breast-cancer-risk-from-chest-ct-examinations
#9
Adnan Lahham, Hussein ALMasri, Saleh Kameel
Breast organ doses, effective doses and lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of breast cancer from chest CT scans are presented for 200 female patients surveyed from 10 hospitals in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Palestine. Patient data were collected and organized in a database from May to November 2016. Data include age (15-80 years), weight, height, and calculated body mass index. Exposure data were also recorded for every examination. Exposure data includes milliampere-second (mAs), X-ray tube kilovoltage (kVp), computed tomography dose index, dose length product, manufacturer, name and type of operated CT scanner...
December 11, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237042/dual-antiplatelet-therapy-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-is-there-an-increase-in-bleeding-risk-a-meta-analysis
#10
Yejing Zhao, Hongyu Peng, Xiaonan Li, Yujun Qin, Fangying Cao, Ding Peng, Jinghua Liu
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence that dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) when compared with single antiplatelet therapy may improve venous graft patency after coronary artery bypass graft. However, it is not yet known whether postoperative administration of DAPT may increase the potential risk of bleeding, especially in the early postoperative period. METHODS: We searched studies on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
December 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235431/using-targeted-solution-tools-as-an-initiative-to-improve-hand-hygiene-challenges-and-lessons-learned
#11
J A Al-Tawfiq, M Treble, R Abdrabalnabi, C Okeahialam, S Khazindar, S Myers
The Joint Commission Centre for Transforming Healthcare's Web-based Targeted Solutions Tool (TST) for improving hand hygiene was implemented to elucidate contributing factors to low compliance rates of hand hygiene. Monitoring of compliance was done by trained unknown and known observers and rates of hospital-acquired infections were tracked and correlated against the changes in hand hygiene compliance. In total, 5669 of hand hygiene observations were recorded by the secret observers. The compliance rate increased from 75·4% at baseline (May-August 2014) to 88·6% during the intervention (13 months) and the control periods (P < 0·0001)...
December 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235189/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Felix Naughton, Michael Ussher
AIM: To identify factors found in the research literature to be associated with smoking cessation in pregnancy. METHODS: Electronic searches of the bibliographic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Elsevier, Scopus and ISI Web of Science were conducted to April 2017. All studies reporting factors associated with smoking cessation or continuing smoking during pregnancy were included and systematically reviewed, irrespective of study design. The Newcastle Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to assess the study quality...
December 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235186/improving-quit-rates-of-web-delivered-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-full-scale-randomized-trial-of-webquit-org-versus-smokefree-gov
#13
Jonathan B Bricker, Kristin E Mull, Jennifer B McClure, Noreen L Watson, Jaimee L Heffner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Millions of people worldwide use websites to help them quit smoking, but effectiveness trials have an average 34% follow-up data retention rate and an average 9% quit rate. We compared the quit rates of a website using a new behavioral approach called Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT; WebQuit.org) with the current standard of the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Smokefree.gov website. DESIGN: A two-arm stratified double-blind individually randomized trial (n = 1319 for WebQuit; n = 1318 for Smokefree...
December 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235101/aquatic-food-web-dynamics-following-incorporation-of-nutrients-derived-from-atlantic-anadromous-fishes
#14
K M Samways, D X Soto, R A Cunjak
Changes in the isotopic composition (δ13 C and δ15 N) in biofilm, macro-invertebrates and resident salmonids were used to characterize temporal dynamics of marine derived nutrients (MDNs) incorporation between stream reaches with and without MDN inputs. Five Atlantic rivers were chosen to represent contrasting MDN subsidies: four rivers with considerable numbers of anadromous fishes; one river with little MDN input. Rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax, alewife Alosa pseudoharengus, sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus and Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, were the primary anadromous species for the sampled rivers...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234886/recovery-after-intracorporeal-anastomosis-in-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Marco Milone, Ugo Elmore, Andrea Vignali, Nicola Gennarelli, Michele Manigrasso, Morena Burati, Francesco Milone, Giovanni Domenico De Palma, Paolo Delrio, Riccardo Rosati
PURPOSE: Although intracorporeal anastomosis (IA) appears to guarantee a faster recovery compared to extracorporeal anastomosis (EA), the data are still unclear. Thus, we performed a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis to evaluate the recovery benefits of intracorporeal anastomosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was performed in electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE) using the following search terms in all possible combinations: "laparoscopic," "right hemicolectomy," "right colectomy," "intracorporeal," "extracorporeal," and "anastomosis...
December 12, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233816/testosterone-level-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-men-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Qiuming Yao, Bin Wang, Xiaofei An, Jin-An Zhang, Liumei Ding
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a risk factor for testosterone deficiency and impaired sex steroid status. Some studies also investigated the association of testosterone level with diabetes risk in men, but reported controversial findings. To clarify this issue, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for eligible cohort or nested case-control studies published up to August 15, 2017. Meta-analysis was used to calculate the pooled relative risk (RR) of type 2 diabetes associated with higher testosterone level...
December 12, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233666/emg-amplitude-fatigue-threshold-and-time-to-task-failure-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
J Matt McCrary, Bronwen J Ackermann, Mark Halaki
OBJECTIVES: Electromyographic (EMG) fatigue threshold (EMGFT) is utilised as a correlate of critical power, torque, and force thresholds that establishes a theoretical exercise intensity-the power, torque, or force at which the rate of change of EMG amplitude (ΔEM¯G) is zero-below which neuromuscular fatigue is negligible and unpredictable. Recent studies demonstrating neuromuscular fatigue below critical thresholds raise questions about the construct validity of EMGFT. The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the construct validity of EMGFT by aggregating ΔEM¯G and time to task failure (Tlim) data...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233582/influence-of-involuntary-cigarette-smoke-inhalation-on-osseointegration-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-preclinical-studies
#18
REVIEW
F Javed, S V Kellesarian, T Abduljabbar, A T Abduljabbar, Z Akram, F Vohra, I Rahman, G E Romanos
There are no studies that have systematically reviewed the influence of involuntary cigarette smoke inhalation (ICSI) on the stability of implants. The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of preclinical studies that assessed the influence of involuntary cigarette smoke inhalation ICSI on osseointegration. Indexed databases (PubMed, Google-Scholar, Scopus, EMBASE, and Web of Knowledge) were searched till September 2017. Titles and abstracts of studies identified using the above-described protocol were independently screened by 2 authors...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232981/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-improves-walking-capacity-and-reduces-spasticity-in-stroke-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Patrick Wh Kwong, Gabriel Yf Ng, Raymond Ck Chung, Shamay Sm Ng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate (1) the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) at improving lower extremity motor recovery in stroke survivors and (2) the optimal stimulation parameters for TENS. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for studies published up to October 2017 using eight electronic databases (CINAHL, ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PEDro, PubMed and Web of Science)...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232280/accuracy-of-self-reported-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Vivian S S Gonçalves, Keitty R C Andrade, Kenia M B Carvalho, Marcus T Silva, Mauricio G Pereira, Tais F Galvao
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the sensitivity and specificity of self-reported hypertension (HTN) as compared with the clinical diagnosis in epidemiological studies. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, Google Scholar, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: Health & Medicine databases. In addition, we screened the references' lists of relevant reports to identify potentially eligible articles. There were no date or language restrictions...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
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