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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904856/primary-hepatic-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-successfully-treated-with-combination-therapy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Hae Il Jung, Hyoung Uk Lee, Tae Sung Ahn, Jong Eun Lee, Hyun Yong Lee, Hyon Doek Cho, Sang Cheol Lee, Sang Ho Bae
Primary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) in a young female patient, not associated with neurofibromatosis type-I is extremely rare in the liver. A 33-year-old female was admitted with a right flank pain for a weak. The CT scan showed 12.5-cm-sized mass located at the right hepatic lobe. At laparotomy, about 20.0-cm-sized mass was on the right hepatic lobe with attachment to right diaphragmatic pleura. Right hepatic lobe and adherent part of diaphragmatic pleura were resected. On histology and immunohistochemistry, it was diagnosed MPNST...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899783/-a-case-of-recurrent-breast-cancer-with-carcinomatous-pleurisy-successfully-treated-with-biweekly-paclitaxel-and-bevacizumab
#2
Takashi Yoshida, Yoshinari Goto, Kana Sakiyama, Morihiko Kimura
A 72-year-old woman underwent mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection for left breast cancer at the age of 43 years, and was diagnosed with breast cancer metastasis to the pleura at the age of 68 years. She had been sequentially treated with hormonal therapies, but complained of a cough and dyspnea after 4 years. Chest radiography showed right pleural effusion, and cytological examination of the pleural effusion revealed adenocarcinoma cells. Biweekly paclitaxel and bevacizumab therapy was administered...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899541/subinterlobular-pleural-location-is-a-risk-factor-for-pneumothorax-after-bronchoscopy
#3
Haruka Chino, Motoyasu Iikura, Nayuta Saito, Nahoko Sato, Manabu Suzuki, Satoru Ishii, Eriko Morino, Go Naka, Jin Takasaki, Shinyu Izumi, Masayuki Hojo, Yuichiro Takeda, Haruhito Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax is one of the most important complications after bronchoscopy. This study was conducted to determine the risk factors for post-bronchoscopy pneumothorax. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 23 consecutive subjects who were diagnosed with iatrogenic pneumothorax after bronchoscopy between August 2010 and February 2014. Forty-six control subjects who did not develop pneumothorax after bronchoscopy were randomly selected...
December 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896830/vagal-nerve-endings-in-visceral-pleura-and-triangular-ligaments-of-the-rat-lung
#4
Feng-Bin Wang, Yi-Han Liao, Yao-Chen Wang
The inner thoracic cavity is lined by the parietal pleura, and the lung lobes are covered by the visceral pleura. The parietal and visceral plurae form the pleural cavity that has negative pressure within to enable normal respiration. The lung tissues are bilaterally innervated by vagal and spinal nerves, including sensory and motor components. This complicated innervation pattern has made it difficult to discern the vagal vs. spinal processes in the pulmonary visceral pleura. With and without vagotomy, we identified vagal nerve fibres and endings distributed extensively in the visceral pleura ('P'-type nerve endings) and triangular ligaments ('L'-type nerve endings) by injecting wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase as a tracer into the nucleus of solitary tract or nodose ganglion of male Sprague-Dawley rats...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895882/primary-pleural-synovial-sarcoma-with-metastatic-cardiac-involvement-a-case-report
#5
Ji-Hye Won, Susie Chin, Jai Soung Park, Sang Hyun Paik, Heon Lee, Jang Gyu Cha, Hwa Kyoon Shin, Eun Suk Koh
Primary pleuropulmonary synovial sarcomas are rare soft tissue malignancies; combined metastatic involvement of the heart is extremely rare. In this case report, a 17-year-old female presented with a history of chest pain. Chest radiographs revealed a round mass in the left upper hemithorax, and computed tomography (CT) showed a well-defined heterogeneous enhancing mass abutting the pleura. A core needle biopsy revealed malignant spindle cells. Surgical resection was performed, and a final diagnosis of primary pleural synovial sarcoma, monophasic fibrous type, was made...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894300/pleural-inhibition-of-the-caspase-1-il-1%C3%AE-pathway-diminishes-profibrotic-lung-toxicity-of-bleomycin
#6
Olivier Burgy, Pierre-Simon Bellaye, Sebastien Causse, Guillaume Beltramo, Guillaume Wettstein, Pierre-Marie Boutanquoi, Françoise Goirand, Carmen Garrido, Philippe Bonniaud
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic and toxic pulmonary fibrosis are severe diseases starting classically in the subpleural area of the lung. It has recently been suggested that pleural mesothelial cells acquire a myofibroblast phenotype under fibrotic conditions induced by TGF-β1 or bleomycin. The importance and role of inflammation in fibrogenesis are still controversial. In this work, we explored the role of IL-1β/caspase-1 signaling in bleomycin lung toxicity and in pleural mesothelial cell transformation...
November 29, 2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886416/a-case-of-solitary-well-differentiated-papillary-mesothelioma-with-invasive-foci-in-the-pleura
#7
Shigeki Shimizu, Hyung-Eun Yoon, Norimasa Ito, Taisuke Tsuji, Yasunobu Funakoshi, Tomoki Utsumi, Masahiro Sakaguchi, Toru Tsujimura, Takahiko Kasai, Kenzo Hiroshima, Akihide Matsumura
Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma (WDPM) is a rare, distinct tumor consisting of mesothelial cells with a papillary architecture, bland cytological features, and a tendency toward superficial spread without invasion. Rare cases with superficial invasion are termed WDPM with invasive foci. We report a case of solitary WDPM with invasive foci in the pleura. A 61-year-old woman presented with a lung adenocarcinoma. A small papillary lesion measuring 29 × 10 × 8 mm was incidentally found in the parietal pleura during a lobectomy for the lung adenocarcinoma...
November 25, 2016: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885214/giant-leiomyoma-arising-from-the-mediastinal-pleura-a-case-report
#8
Naoki Haratake, Fumihiro Shoji, Yuka Kozuma, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
This report presents a rare case involving a patient with a giant leiomyoma originating from the mediastinal pleura. The patient underwent a medical examination, and chest radiography revealed a giant tumor. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a well demarcated, heterogeneous mass which seemed to originate from the posterior mediastinum. Positron emission tomography (PET) showed the uptake of this tumor with a standardized uptake value of 4.9. We suspected that this tumor was a solitary fibrous tumor, and the patient underwent a surgical resection...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882041/resolution-of-pleura-peritoneal-fistula-via-transient-daytime-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-regime-dapd-8-years-follow-up
#9
Thiam Seong Christopher Lim, Kah Mean Thong
Pleural effusion or hydrothorax is a relatively rare but well-recognized complication associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). We describe the successful long term resolution of a patient who developed pleural effusions after starting continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), by altering the PD prescription to normal volume daytime ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (DAPD) transiently before resuming the usual CAPD exchanges four months later. After 8 years of follow up, there is no sign of recurrence of the effusion...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876071/bilateral-single-port-thoracoscopic-extended-thymectomy-for-management-of-thymoma-and-myasthenia-gravis-case-report
#10
Francesco Paolo Caronia, Alfonso Fiorelli, Ettore Arrigo, Sebastiano Trovato, Mario Santini, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopy is become a widely accepted approach for the resection of anterior mediastinal masses, including thymoma. The current trend is to reduce the number of ports and minimize the length of incisions to further decrease postoperative pain, chest wall paresthesia, and length of hospitalization. Herein, we reported an extended resection of thymoma in a patient with myasthenia gravis through an uniportal bilateral thoracoscopic approach. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74 years old woman with myasthenia gravis was referred to our attention for management of a 3...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871519/intrapleural-placement-of-a-thoracic-epidural-catheter-in-a-patient-with-spinal-stenosis
#11
Kiran Belani, Mario Montealegre-Gallegos, Brian Ferla, Robina Matyal
Due to the close proximity of the thoracic epidural space and parietal pleura, pleural puncture with intrapleural catheter placement is a potential complication of thoracic epidural anesthesia. The authors present a case of an obese patient with a history of spinal stenosis that underwent thoracotomy. Repeated failed attempts at epidural anesthesia were complicated by intrapleural placement of the catheter. The patient subsequently developed clinical signs of pneumothorax and required urgent thoracostomy.
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867925/a-stable-secondary-gliosarcoma-with-extensive-systemic-metastases-a-case-report
#12
Tae-Min Choi, Young-Jun Cheon, Tae-Young Jung, Kyung-Hwa Lee
A 63-year-old man complained of intermittent motor weakness of his arm. The magnetic resonance image (MRI) of his brain displayed a high signal lesion in right cingulate gyrus on T2 weighted image. One year later, he showed a stuporous mental status with repeated seizures, and the follow-up brain MRI showed heterogeneously enhanced mass associated with bleeding. He was treated with surgery and radiotherapy for secondary glioblastomas in right cingulate gyrus. One year more later, a mass recurred on the left frontal base, and gliosarcoma was diagnosed...
October 2016: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866405/occupation-and-mesothelioma-in-sweden-updated-incidence-in-men-and-women-in-the-27-years-after-the-asbestos-ban
#13
Nils Plato, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Pär Sparén, Gunnar Hillerdal, Elisabete Weiderpass
OBJECTIVES: We updated the Swedish component of the Nordic Occupational Cancer (NOCCA) Study through 2009 in order to investigate the incidence of mesothelioma of the peritoneum and pleura in both genders, and explored occupational exposures that may be associated with mesothelioma. METHODS: The Swedish component of the NOCCA Study includes 6.78 million individuals. Data from this cohort were linked to the population-based Swedish Cancer Registry and Swedish Total Population Registry for three periods between 1961 and 2009, and then further linked to the Swedish NOCCA job-exposure matrix, which includes 25 carcinogenic substances and the corresponding exposure levels for 280 occupations...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865054/biodistribution-of-carbon-nanotubes-in-animal-models
#14
Nicklas Raun Jacobsen, Peter Møller, Per Axel Clausen, Anne Thoustrup Saber, Christian Micheletti, Keld Alstrup Jensen, Håkan Wallin, Ulla Vogel
The many physical and chemical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNT) make it one of the most commercially attractive materials in the era of nanotechnology. Here, we review the recent publications on in vivo biodistribution of pristine and functionalized forms of single-walled and multi-walled CNT. Pristine CNT remains in the lung for months or even years following pulmonary deposition. If cleared, the majority of CNT move to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract via the mucociliary escalator. However, there appears to be no uptake of CNT from the GI tract, with a possible exception of the smallest functionalized SWCNT...
November 16, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864182/pleuromediastinal-epithelial-myoepithelial-carcinomas-a-clinicopathologic-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-two-cases
#15
Annikka Weissferdt, Neda Kalhor, Cesar A Moran
OBJECTIVES: Two cases of epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma are presented, one arising in the pleura and the other in the anterior mediastinum. The cases represent a unique distribution of these tumors within the thoracic cavity. METHODS: Both patients were men aged 25 and 68 years, respectively, who had chest pain and dyspnea. Imaging revealed an anterior mediastinal mass in one patient and a pleural-based tumor in the other. Neither patient had any history of malignancy, and physical examination did not disclose any tumor elsewhere...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858910/image-quality-of-mixed-convolution-kernel-in-thoracic-computed-tomography
#16
Jakob Neubauer, Eva Maria Spira, Juliane Strube, Mathias Langer, Christian Voss, Elmar Kotter
The mixed convolution kernel alters his properties geographically according to the depicted organ structure, especially for the lung. Therefore, we compared the image quality of the mixed convolution kernel to standard soft and hard kernel reconstructions for different organ structures in thoracic computed tomography (CT) images.Our Ethics Committee approved this prospective study. In total, 31 patients who underwent contrast-enhanced thoracic CT studies were included after informed consent. Axial reconstructions were performed with hard, soft, and mixed convolution kernel...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856356/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pcnl-a-critical-review
#17
REVIEW
Arvind P Ganpule, Mohankumar Vijayakumar, Ankur Malpani, Mahesh R Desai
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the preferred treatment of choice for renal calculi. PCNL has evolved remarkably since the eighties when it was first described. APPROACH: Approach might be by either supine or prone and the access is made with the help of either fluoroscopy or ultrasound. Recently endoscopy and ipad guided puncture have also been described. MINIATURIZATION: The traditional PCNl were sung tracts upto 40 fr initially and the most common used was around 30 fr till recently...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851570/1936-a-rare-case-of-lipoma-involving-the-parietal-pleura
#18
Arber Kodra, Sanjeev Sharma, Maciej Walczyszyn, Bushra Mina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847663/extramedullary-plasmacytoma-mimicking-pancreatic-cancer-an-unusual-presentation
#19
Daniela Sciancalepore, Sergio Musci, Maria Rosaria Fracella, Grazia D'Alesio, Azzurra Sportelli, Giuseppe Ingravallo, Angelo Vacca, Roberto Ria
Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell tumor that homes to and expands in the bone marrow and that, despite the new available drugs, remains incurable. Extramedullary plasmacytoma is a not frequent manifestation during the natural history of multiple myeloma and is frequently associated with plasma cell bone marrow infiltration. The most common locations for an EMP include the gastrointestinal tract, pleura, testis, skin, peritoneum, liver, endocrine glands, and lymph nodes. Primary involvement of the gallbladder fossa is exceedingly rare...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847557/thoracic-ultrasound-a-complementary-diagnostic-tool-in-cardiology
#20
REVIEW
Guglielmo M Trovato
Clinical assessment and workup of patients referred to cardiologists may need an extension to chest disease. This requires more in-depth examination of respiratory co-morbidities due to uncertainty or severity of the clinical presentation. The filter and integration of ecg and echocardiographic information, addressing to the clues of right ventricular impairment, pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension, and other less frequent conditions, such as congenital, inherited and systemic disease, usually allow more timely diagnosis and therapeutic choice...
October 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
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