Read by QxMD icon Read


Chloe Q Wang, Thanh Tran, Beth Montera, Rachel Karlnoski, John Feldman, Michael H Albrink, Vic Velanovich
INTRODUCTION: Paraesophageal hernia repairs are prone to recurrence and mesh reinforcement is common. Both biologic and prosthetic meshes have been used. We report a comparison of a new type of biologically derived graft, Gentrix Surgical Urinary Bladder Matrix (UBM). METHODS: The medical records of 65 patients who underwent paraesophageal hernia repair (PEHR) were reviewed. Primary data points included demographics, first-time or recurrent hernia, operative approach, graft or primary repair, operative time, and postoperative complications...
December 3, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Beibei Zhu, Chunmei Liang, Xun Xia, Kun Huang, Shuangqin Yan, Jiahu Hao, Peng Zhu, Hui Gao, Fangbiao Tao
Iron is an essential micronutrient while its excessive load has been related to the etiology of diabetes. We used data of 3289 pregnant women from the Ma'anshan birth cohort (MABC) study in China to examine the associations of three iron-related factors (i.e., serum iron (SI) concentration, hemoglobin level, and use of iron supplements) with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Emphatically explore the potential non-linear relationship between SI concentration and risk of GDM. SI concentration was measured in fasting blood using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
December 5, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Susan Jerger, Markus F Damian, Cassandra Karl, Hervé Abdi
Purpose: Successful speech processing depends on our ability to detect and integrate multisensory cues, yet there is minimal research on multisensory speech detection and integration by children. To address this need, we studied the development of speech detection for auditory (A), visual (V), and audiovisual (AV) input. Method: Participants were 115 typically developing children clustered into age groups between 4 and 14 years. Speech detection (quantified by response times [RTs]) was determined for 1 stimulus, /buh/, presented in A, V, and AV modes (articulating vs...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Miao Liu, Jianhua Wang, Yao He
Aims: This study aimed at assessing the impact of baseline bilirubin (TBiL) on the incidence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) based on a five-year cohort study which consisted of 5323 Chinese male diabetic patients. Methods: A cohort study based on 5323 male diabetic patients was conducted in Beijing, from 2009 to 2013. Both baseline TBiL and follow-up changes were measured. Cox proportional risk model was used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR) of TBiL for DR risk...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
Ryoko Higuchi, Taizo Iwane, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
OBJECTIVES: Body mass index (BMI) is used to assess adiposity worldwide. However, additional adjustment for waist circumference (WC), a surrogate marker of abdominal fat, may be capable of revealing a latent relationship between low body weight and glycated hemoglobin (A1C) concentration. Here, we investigated the relationship between A1C and BMI in young adults, adjusting for WC. METHODS: We reviewed A1C, BMI, WC and other clinical data in a cross-sectional study of 26,475 apparently healthy Japanese people 20 to 39 years of age who were undergoing health check-ups...
September 21, 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Feng Liu, Zhen Lu, Huifeng Wu, Chenglong Ji
Cadmium is a known metal contaminant in the Bohai Sea. In this study, the dose-dependent responses induced by Cd were characterized in marine polychaete Perinereis aibuhitensis using the endpoints, including activities of enzymes, expression levels of stress-responsive genes and metabolic responses. Both enzyme activities and gene expression levels exhibited the hormetic effects induced by Cd in P. aibuhitensis, as shown by the typical U-shaped or inverted U-shaped response profiles. The highest concentration (1280 µg/L) of Cd exposure induced obvious oxidative stresses...
November 28, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Saiqa Naz, Rashida Sultan, Khalid Zaman, Abdullah Mohammed Aldakhil, Abdelmohsen A Nassani, Muhammad Moinuddin Qazi Abro
The relationship between renewable energy consumption (REC), foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, economic growth, and their resulting impact on CO2 emissions is widely discussed area in energy and environmental literature; however, there is an unseen literature on moderation and mediation effect of per capita income and FDI inflows with the renewable energy consumption on CO2 emissions in developing countries like Pakistan, which is being evaluated in this study by using a consistent time series data for a period of 1975-2016...
November 28, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Nicole K Horst, Bianca Jupp, Angela C Roberts, Trevor W Robbins
Behavioral flexibility, which allows organisms to adapt their actions in response to environmental changes, is impaired in a number of neuropsychiatric conditions, including obsessive-compulsive disorder and addiction. Studies in human subjects and monkeys have reported correlations between individual differences in dopamine D2-type receptor (D2R) levels in the caudate nucleus and performance in a discrimination reversal task, in which established contingent relationships between abstract stimuli and rewards (or punishments) are reversed...
November 15, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Mariko Nakamoto, Emi Shuto, Akiko Nakamoto, Akiko Hata, Nanako Aki, Yosuke Shikama, Yukiko Bando, Takako Ichihara, Takako Minagawa, Ayako Tamura, Yumi Kuwamura, Makoto Funaki, Tohru Sakai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of intake of soy products and isoflavones with allergic diseases. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 1437 participants (aged 20-64 years) who were living in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan during the period 2010- 2011. We obtained anthropometric data and information on life style characteristics including dietary intake and current medical histories of allergic diseases using a structural self-administered questionnaire...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tracey A Larson, Casey E O'Neill, Michaela P Palumbo, Ryan K Bachtell
BACKGROUND: Caffeine consumption by children and adolescents has risen dramatically in recent years, yet the lasting effects of caffeine consumption during adolescence remain poorly understood. AIM: These experiments explore the effects of adolescent caffeine consumption on cocaine self-administration and seeking using a rodent model. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats consumed caffeine for 28 days during the adolescent period. Following the caffeine consumption period, the caffeine solution was replaced with water for the remainder of the experiment...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Yiwen Wang, Wenchao Han, Caifeng Wang, Yijun Zhou, Rong Shi, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Qian Yao, Tao Yuan, Yu Gao, Jun Zhang, Ying Tian
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) can be transferred from a mother to her fetus during pregnancy and adversely affect fetal development. However, the efficiency and influencing factors of PFASs maternal-fetal transfer remain unclear. We measured the levels of six perfluoroalkylcarboxylates, three perfluoroalkylsulfonates, and one sulfonamide in 369 pairs of maternal and umbilical cord serum and examined the transplacental transfer efficiency (TTE) of PFASs by the functional group and carbon chain length in a prospective birth cohort in Shandong, China...
November 27, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Stefania A Barzeva, Wim H J Meeus, Albertine J Oldehinkel
Social withdrawal during adolescence and early adulthood is particularly problematic due to the increasing importance of social interactions during these ages. Yet little is known about the changes, trajectories, or correlates of being withdrawn during this transition to adulthood. The purpose of this study was to examine the normative change and distinct trajectories of withdrawal in order to identify adolescents and early adults at greatest risk for maladjustment. Participants were from a Dutch population-based cohort study (Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey), including 1917 adolescents who were assessed at four waves from the age of 16 to 25 years...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Q Wu, B Yang, S Gao, P Gong, L Xiang, Y Man, Y Qu
The aim of this study was to investigate a novel apical U-shape splitting technique for horizontal bone augmentation in undercut areas and to compare its efficacy with that of guided bone regeneration (GBR). This was a prospective non-randomized controlled clinical trial. A total of 36 patients, who presented with a labial undercut that was not able to house a normally inclined implant, underwent the new technique or GBR. Radiographic and clinical data were obtained preoperatively, immediately after surgery, and 12 months after surgery...
October 25, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Paulo Vale
The chain-forming dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella was grown with LED or fluorescent light. With LED light, the pool of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) with strong antioxidant properties, such as mycosporine-glycine and palythene, was reduced in comparison to fluorescent light. The conjugated MAAs M-320 and M-335/360 presented similar stability to light and oxidation than their respective more sensitive moiety: mycosporine-glycine and palythene, respectively. A. catenella was exposed to extracellular hydrogen peroxide under LED or fluorescent light...
November 2018: Life Sciences in Space Research
Festus Victor Bekun, Fırat Emir, Samuel Asumadu Sarkodie
This study explores the energy use and economic growth nexus from 1960 to 2016 in South Africa while accounting for capital, labour, and carbon dioxide emissions. We applied Bayer and Hanck (2013) combined co-integration approach, Pesaran et al. (2001) bounds test and Kripfganz and Schneider (2018) critical values and approximate p-values. The empirical evidence finds support for a long-run equilibrium relationship among investigated variables. The Granger causality test indicates one-way causality from energy use to economic growth, validating the energy-led growth hypothesis...
November 19, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Wei Wang, Weichun Yang, Ziyi Shen, Sixian Wen, Minyu Hu
To study the dose-response effect of lycopene on vessel and neuron damage in the brain against hyperlipidemia, rats were fed with hypercholesterolemic feed and treated with lycopene orally by gavage at the dose of 5, 25, 45, 65, 85, and 105, 125 mg/kg/bw-1/d-1. At the end of the fourth week, lycopene doses and serum lycopene concentration showed an inverse U-shape curve. Serum lycopene concentration was negatively correlated with the levels of serum TC, TG, LDL-C, as well as the cerebral LDL-C, VEGF, and VCAM-1; Serum lycopene concentration was positively correlated with the expression of Claudin-5 and the number of neurons in hippocampal CA1 and CA3...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Mai Utada, Pavel Chernyavskiy, Won Jin Lee, Silvia Franceschi, Catherine Sauvaget, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Diana R Withrow
In Japan, cervical cancer incidence has increased since the late 1990s especially among young women, despite a decreasing trend in most developed countries. Here, we examined age, period and birth cohort trends in cervical cancer incidence rates from 1985 to 2012. Incidence rates were ascertained using three population-based cancer registries and analyzed using Joinpoint regression and age-period-cohort models. We compared the findings in Japan to trends among Japanese-Americans in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Registries and among women in South Korea using the Korea Central Registry...
November 25, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Igor Dumic, Edson Severnini
Lyme disease (LD) is the most common tick-borne disease in North America. It is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and transmitted to humans by blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis. The life cycle of the LD vector, I. scapularis , usually takes two to three years to complete and goes through three stages, all of which are dependent on environmental factors. Increases in daily average temperatures, a manifestation of climate change, might have contributed to an increase in tick abundance via higher rates of tick survival...
2018: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Benedict T Costello, Andre La Gerche, Sandeep Prabhu, Geoff Wong, Michael D Flannery, Chrishan Nalliah, Hariharan Sugumar, Fabian Springer, Jonathan M Kalman, Andrew J Taylor, Peter M Kistler
Light-to-moderate regular alcohol consumption has been associated with reduced mortality, heart failure, and sudden death, with a well described "U-shaped" relationship. We sought to determine whether markers of diffuse ventricular fibrosis as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) T1 mapping differ between nondrinkers and regular drinkers. We prospectively recruited 165 participants to undergo 3T CMR ventricular T1 mapping which included 120 regular light-to-moderate drinkers (7 to 28 standard drinks per week for >12 months) and 45 age and gender-matched nondrinking controls (1 standard drink ∼12 g alcohol)...
November 6, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Stefan Kindler, Christian Schwahn, Jan Terock, Maria Mksoud, Olaf Bernhardt, Reiner Biffar, Henry Völzke, Hans Robert Metelmann, Hans Jörgen Grabe
BACKGROUND: Associations of alexithymia with temporomandibular pain disorders (TMD), facial pain, head pain and migraine have been described, but the role of the different dimensions of alexithymia in pain development remained incompletely understood. OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the associations of alexithymia and its subfactors with signs of TMD and with facial pain, head pain, and migraine in the general population. METHODS: 1,494 subjects from the general population completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20) and underwent a clinical functional examination with palpation of the temporomandibular joint and masticatory muscles...
November 25, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"