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Josefina Bertoli, Juliano Dal Pupo, Marco A Vaz, Daniele Detanico, Grazieli M Biduski, Cíntia de la Rocha Freitas
This study aimed to analyze the effects of Mat Pilates on isokinetic torque of the lower limbs in elderly women. Fourteen elderly women (Age 62 ± 3 yr) participated in 12 weeks of Mat Pilates training (60-min sessions, 3 times per week). Repetitions increased every 4 weeks and the difficulty of exercises progressed from beginner to intermediate and advanced. Peak torque was assessed before (week -4 and week 0, considered as a control period) and after 6 and 12 weeks of a periodized Mat Pilates intervention...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Niko S Wasenius, Mika Simonen, Liisa Penttinen, Minna K Salonen, Samuel Sandboge, Johan G Eriksson
PURPOSE: Maternal obesity can unfavorably influence offspring body composition, muscle strength, and possibly muscle's adaptability to training, but the human studies are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of maternal obesity on offspring muscle strength responses to resistance training intervention in elderly frail women. MATERIALS/METHODS: Recruited participants were elderly frail women offspring of lean/normal weight mothers (n = 19, mean body mass index (BMI): 22...
August 9, 2018: Advances in Medical Sciences
M Dienst, L Goebel, S Birk, D Kohn
OBJECTIVE: Reorientation of the acetabulum to normalize load transfer or avert femoroacetabular pincer impingement to prevent osteoarthritis of the hip. INDICATIONS: Persisting acetabular dysplasia after closure of growth plates or acetabular malrotation. CONTRAINDICATIONS: High dislocation of hip, secondary acetabulum, increased misalignment on functional X‑ray, high-grade mobility restriction. Relative: degenerative changes, advanced age...
August 10, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Khemayanto Hidayat, Hui-Juan Li, Bi-Min Shi
The associations between anthropometric factors and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) risk remain inconclusive. A meta-analysis was performed to clarify these associations. PubMed and Web of Science were searched for relevant prospective observational studies. A random-effects model was used to generate the summary relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). A total of 22 prospective cohort studies, with over 20,000 NHL cases, were included in the present meta-analysis. The summary RRs of NHL risk were 1...
September 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Anne-Violette Bruyneel, Simone C Gafner, Serge Ferrari, Gabriel Gold, Dominique Monnin, Philippe Terrier, Caroline H Bastiaenen, Lara Allet
Background: Reduced hip muscle strength has been shown to be a major factor related to falls in older persons. However, comprehensive assessment of hip abduction strength in the clinical setting is challenging. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and intra-rater reliability of a quick and simple hip abductor strength test in a functional standing position. Methods: Individuals over 65 years of age were recruited from the geriatric department of a university hospital and an outpatient clinic...
2018: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
Sarah J J Adcock, Cassandra B Tucker, Gayani Weerasinghe, Eranda Rajapaksha
Hot-iron branding is illegal in Sri Lanka, but is still commonly used to identify dairy herds in extensive farming systems, which are primarily located in the country's Dry Zone. Despite the negative welfare implications of this practice, there is no written documentation of branding in this region. We observed branding on four smallholder farms in Kantale, Eastern Province to understand the welfare implications associated with the procedure and challenges limiting the uptake of more welfare-friendly alternatives, such as ear tagging...
August 7, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Takayoshi Oba, Yutaka Inaba, Izumi Saito, Takahiro Fujisawa, Tomoyuki Saito
BACKGROUND: The use of direct anterior approach (DAA) for hemiarthroplasty in femoral neck fracture patients has recently increased worldwide. However, no previous studies have elucidated or validated risk factors for prolonged operative time in hemiarthroplasty through DAA. Accurately predicting operative time would contribute to and the selection of the most appropriate surgical approach for each patient and the effective use of operating room. METHODS: Data from 151 femoral neck fracture patients who underwent hemiarthroplasty through DAA were evaluated...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Urban M Fietzek, Frauke E Schroeteler, Lisa Hahn, Kerstin Ziegler, Andres O Ceballos-Baumann
Axial deformities such as camptocormia or Pisa syndrome in people with Parkinson's disease (PwP) are poorly understood. The scarcity of information may result from the shortage of reliable and responsive evaluation instruments. We evaluated the body height loss (BHL) as a new measure for PwP with axial deformities. 50 PwP with axial deformity defined by an UPDRS item 28 value of at least 2 were included in this mono-center study. We measured body height while lying supine and after 1 min of standing, providing a percentage value of BHL, and compared this measure to other clinical variables...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
Thais R S de Paulo, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Juliana Viezel, Fabricio E Rossi, Regina R Simões, Giuliano Tosello, Ismael F Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of combined aerobic + resistance training on body composition and metabolic markers in older breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy. METHODS: Older breast cancer survivors were randomized to an exercise [resistance + aerobic training]: n = 18, or placebo control group: n = 18. Body composition (measured by DXA) and blood markers of lipid and glucose were measured at baseline, and at 12, 24, and 36 weeks...
August 3, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
William A Manning, Thomas Pandorf, David J Deehan, James Holland
Modular uncemented acetabular components are in common use. Fixation is dependent upon press-fit but the forces necessary to achieve initial stability of the construct at implantation may deform the shell and prevent optimal seating of the polyethylene liner insert. Previous work using single-time point measurements in uncontrolled ambient temperature poorly replicates the native state. A controlled study was performed to observe the time-dependent behaviour of an uncemented acetabular shell in the early phase after implantation into the human acetabulum at near physiological temperature...
August 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Yoo Ra Lee, Hyun Jung Kim, Eun Ju Lee, Jang Wook Sohn, Min Ja Kim, Young Kyung Yoon
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of echinocandins in the treatment of Candida prosthetic joint infection (PJI) based on published literature and on patients we examined. A structured literature review of multiple databases was conducted to identify patients who received echinocandins for Candida PJIs. Additionally, we describe here the first cases of PJIs due to C. parapsilosis, successfully treated with prolonged anidulafungin therapy. Out of 17 patients, 12 were female and the mean age at diagnosis was 66...
July 26, 2018: Mycopathologia
Erin K Howie, Joanne A McVeigh, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Genevieve N Healy, Romola S Bucks, Peter R Eastwood, Leon M Straker
BACKGROUND: The socioecological model proposes a wide array of factors that influence behaviours. There is a need to understand salient correlates of these activity behaviours in a specific population. However, few studies identified socio-demographic, behavioural, physical, and psychological correlates of objectively-assessed physical activity and sedentary time in young adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of participants in the Raine Study (a pregnancy cohort started in 1989)...
July 25, 2018: BMC Public Health
Mark M Mañago, Jeffrey R Hebert, John Kittelson, Margaret Schenkman
This study aims to determine feasibility of strengthening muscles that are important contributors to gait for people with multiple sclerosis, yet are not routinely targeted in the literature. An 8-week strengthening intervention targeted ankle plantarflexion, hip abduction, and trunk muscles using a repeated-measures design. Outcomes included satisfaction, adherence, muscle strength, gait speed (timed 25-foot walk), gait endurance (6-min walk test), and self-reported gait-related participation (Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12)...
July 23, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
F Joao, V Bagao, S Cabral, A Veloso
The aim of this study was to initiate the development of a database with the normative gait fundamental biomechanical parameters of a healthy pediatric population for the Laboratório de Biomecânica e Morfologia Funcional. Twenty-seven children cleared for neurological and musculoskeletal impairments, aged between seven and nine years old joined this study. From those twenty-seven, eleven completed a test-retest study with a median interval of seven days. Anthropometric, time-distance and peak values for the lower limb kinematic parameters were computed...
July 21, 2018: Gait & Posture
Hye Jeong Yang, Min Jung Kim, Dae Young Kwon, Da Sol Kim, Ting Zhang, Chulgyu Ha, Sunmin Park
The combination of freeze-dried aronia, red ginseng, ultraviolet-irradiated shiitake mushroom and nattokinase (AGM; 3.4:4.1:2.4:0.1) was examined to evaluate its effects on insulin resistance, insulin secretion and the gut microbiome in a non-obese type 2 diabetic animal model. Pancreatectomized (Px) rats were provided high fat diets supplemented with either (1) 0.5 g AGM (AGM-L), (2) 1 g AGM (AGM-H), (3) 1 g dextrin (control), or (4) 1 g dextrin with 120 mg metformin (positive-control) per kg body weight for 12 weeks...
July 23, 2018: Nutrients
S-J Lim, I Yeo, P-W Yoon, J J Yoo, K-H Rhyu, S-B Han, W-S Lee, J-H Song, B-W Min, Y-S Park
The incidence of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) was 2.95% among 6644 hip and femoral fractures. Independent risk factors included the use of bisphosphonates (BPs), osteopenia or osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, increased femoral curvatures, and thicker femoral cortices. Patients with AFFs and BP treatment were more likely to have problematic healing than those with typical femoral fractures (TFFs) and no BP treatment. INTRODUCTION: To determine the incidence and risk factors of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs), we performed a multicenter case-control study...
July 23, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Paul Arauz, Yun Peng, John MacAuliffe, Young-Min Kwon
Although three-dimensional (3D) asymmetry has been reported in unilateral THA patients during gait, it is not well understood whether asymmetric hip kinematics during gait persist in bilaterally operated THA patients. The purpose of this study was to compare the in vivo 3D kinematics and component placement between bilateral and unilateral THA patients during gait. Eight bilateral and thirty-three unilateral THA patients were evaluated for both hips during treadmill gait using a validated combination of 3D computer tomography-based modeling and dual fluoroscopic imaging system (DFIS)...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Yun Peng, Paul Arauz, Shuai An, Young-Min Kwon
Metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) is the most commonly used bearing surface in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Polyethylene wear debris remains a major concern. Studies investigating the wear performance based on patient-specific in vivo kinematics and component orientation remains largely lacking. The primary goal of this study was to identify patterns of the distribution of sliding distance and cross-shear ratio among THA patients. A validated approach combining dual fluoroscopic imaging system and computed-tomography was utilized to quantify in vivo gait kinematics and component orientations in 48 total hips...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Enav Z Zusman, Martin Dawes, Lena Fleig, Megan M McAllister, Wendy L Cook, Pierre Guy, Penelope M A Brasher, Heather A McKay, Karim M Khan, Maureen C Ashe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prolonged sedentary time and limited physical activity can result in deleterious effects on health and mobility, especially for older adults with fall-related hip fracture. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a multidisciplinary clinic on sedentary behavior and physical activity (prespecified secondary outcomes) and provide descriptions of activity patterns over 1 year for men and women. METHODS: We conducted a parallel-group, single-blinded randomized controlled trial comparing a multidisciplinary clinic and usual care (intervention) with usual care (control)...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Osamu Yanagisawa, Hidenori Taniguchi
Compared to upper extremity function, the changes in lower extremity function with increasing numbers of pitches have not fully been investigated in baseball pitchers. In addition, little is known about the correlation between lower extremity function and pitching performance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of fatigue on lower extremity function and pitching performance in a simulated baseball game. Eighteen collegiate baseball pitchers threw 117 pitches in 9 innings (13 pitches per inning) with 5-min rest between innings at an official pitching distance in a simulated game...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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