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Cardiorespiratory AND Physiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186525/cardiorespiratory-physiotherapy-training-and-practice-in-australia
#1
REVIEW
Christian R Osadnik
In 2018, Australia's population of approximately 25 million people is serviced by almost 32 000 registered physiotherapists [1]. Physiotherapists in Australia traditionally obtain their qualification via a 4-year, full-time equivalent undergraduate professional degree. This typically involves 2 or 3 years of full-time, university-based education followed by full-time clinical education, during which the student is immersed in real-world clinical training under the supervision of physiotherapy clinicians...
September 2018: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921004/small-effort-high-impact-focus-on-physical-activity-improves-oxygen-uptake-vo-2peak-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-after-pediatric-renal-transplantation
#2
Hjørdis Thorsteinsdottir, Trond H Diseth, Anine Lie, Trine Tangeraas, Iren Matthews, Anders Åsberg, Anna Bjerre
This study estimates the effects on peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak ), QoL, and mental health after the introduction of an adjusted post-transplant follow-up program, that is, early physiotherapy and focus on the importance of physical activity. VO2 peak was measured by a treadmill exercise test in 20 renal-transplanted children on the adjusted post-transplant follow-up and compared with a group of 22 patients investigated in a previously, before the implementation of our new follow-up routines. PedsQL and The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were used to assess QoL and mental health in 45 patients on the new as compared to 32 patients on the previous follow-up strategy...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913072/postgraduate-clinical-physiotherapy-education-in-acute-hospitals-a-cohort-study
#3
Emma K Bastick, David D O'Keeffe, Melanie K Farlie, Danielle T Ryan, Terry P Haines, Nikki Katz, Jessica L Knight, Laura K Keely, Kelly J Saber, Tamica R Sturgess, Elizabeth H Skinner
BACKGROUND: Junior physiotherapists require satisfactory clinical skills to work effectively within the acute hospital setting for service quality and consistency. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of stream-specific clinical training on junior physiotherapist self-efficacy, self-rated confidence, and self-rated ability to work independently during weekend shifts. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen junior physiotherapists...
June 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733736/cardiorespiratory-physiotherapy-as-a-career-choice-perspective-of-students-and-physiotherapists-in-portugal
#4
Alda Marques, Ana Oliveira, Ana Machado, Cristina Jácome, Joana Cruz, Tânia Pinho, Andreia Hall, Helena Alvelos, Dina Brooks
We investigated Portuguese physiotherapy students' and physiotherapists' (1) perceptions of cardiorespiratory physiotherapy (CRP); (2) factors that influenced their decision to pursue a career in CRP; and (3) suggestions to develop CRP. Online surveys were disseminated to final year students and physiotherapists. A number of 189 students (mean age 23 [SD 6] years; 78% ♀) and 375 physiotherapists (mean age 31 [SD 8] years; 78% ♀) participated. Students' opinions about CRP were positively influenced by lecturers (n = 112, 69%), clinical experiences (n = 110, 68%), and scientific evidence (n = 93, 57%)...
May 7, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588861/standing-practice-in-rehabilitation-early-after-stroke-spires-a-functional-standing-frame-programme-prolonged-standing-and-repeated-sit-to-stand-to-improve-function-and-quality-of-life-and-reduce-neuromuscular-impairment-in-people-with-severe-sub-acute-stroke
#5
Angie Logan, Jennifer Freeman, Bridie Kent, Jillian Pooler, Siobhan Creanor, Jane Vickery, Doyo Enki, Andrew Barton, Jonathan Marsden
Background: The most common physical deficit caused by a stroke is muscle weakness which limits a person's mobility. Mobility encompasses activities necessary for daily functioning: getting in and out bed, on/off toilet, sitting, standing and walking. These activities are significantly affected in people with severe stroke who typically spend most of their time in bed or a chair and are immobile. Immobility is primarily caused by neurological damage but exacerbated by secondary changes in musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory systems...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497889/influence-of-exercise-on-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#6
REVIEW
Sabrina Weiss Sties, Leonardo Vidal Andreato, Tales de Carvalho, Ana Inês Gonzáles, Vitor Giatte Angarten, Anderson Zampier Ulbrich, Lourenço Sampaio de Mara, Almir Schmitt Netto, Edson Luiz da Silva, Alexandro Andrade
Reactive oxygen species play an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). In contrast, regular physical exercise can promote adaptations to reactive oxygen species that are beneficial for patients with HF. We completed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials that evaluate the influence of exercise on oxidative stress in patients with HF. Articles were searched in the PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, and LILACS databases. The search was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
March 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#7
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382298/improving-physical-activity-after-stroke-via-treadmill-training-and-self-management-impact-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sandra G Brauer, Suzanne S Kuys, Jennifer D Paratz, Louise Ada
BACKGROUND: The level of physical activity undertaken by stroke survivors living in the community is generally low. The main objectives of the IMPACT trial are to determine, in individuals undergoing rehabilitation after stroke, if 8 weeks of high-intensity treadmill training embedded in self-management education (i) results in more physical activity than usual physiotherapy gait training and (ii) is more effective at increasing walking ability, cardiorespiratory fitness, self-efficacy, perception of physical activity, participation, and health-related quality of life as well as decreasing cardiovascular risk, and depression, at 8 and 26 weeks...
January 30, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376559/physical-activity-for-women-with-breast-cancer-after-adjuvant-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Ian M Lahart, George S Metsios, Alan M Nevill, Amtul R Carmichael
BACKGROUND: Women with a diagnosis of breast cancer may experience short- and long-term disease and treatment-related adverse physiological and psychosocial outcomes. These outcomes can negatively impact prognosis, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychosocial and physical function. Physical activity may help to improve prognosis and may alleviate the adverse effects of adjuvant therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of physical activity interventions after adjuvant therapy for women with breast cancer...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376440/advances-in-cardiorespiratory-physiotherapy-and-their-clinical-impact
#10
Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger, Doa El-Ansary, Selina M Parry
Cardiorespiratory physiotherapy is an evidence-based practice that has evolved alongside changes in medical and surgical management, analgesia, the ageing society and increasing comorbidities of our patient populations. Continued research provides the profession with the ability to adapt to meet the changing patient and community needs. Areas covered: This review focuses on surgical, respiratory and critical care settings discussing the most significant changes over the past decade with an increased focus on rehabilitation across the care continuum and a shift away from providing predominately airway clearance in established disease populations but also providing this in emerging groups...
March 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369000/cardiorespiratory-repercussions-according-to-the-abdominal-circumference-measurement-of-men-with-obstructive-respiratory-disorder-submitted-to-respiratory-physiotherapy
#11
Bruno Martinelli, Valéria Amorim Pires Di Lorenzo, Robison José Quitério, Alexandre Ricardo Pepe Ambrozin, Eduardo Aguilar Arca, Maurício Jamami
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of respiratory physiotherapy among men with obstructive respiratory disorder, in relation to abdominal circumference (AC). METHODS: Quasi-experimental study including 26 men split into two groups according to AC(cm): 1) < 102 (ACrisk-free ); and 2) ≥ 102 (ACrisk ). Heart rate variability (HRV), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), oxygen saturation (SpO2 ), FEV1 /FVC, slow vital capacity (SVC), inspiratory capacity (IC), maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax ), thoracoabdominal amplitude (AI) were measured: before (M1 ); 5 min after the physiotherapy (i...
November 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319769/impact-of-an-early-physiotherapy-program-after-kidney-transplant-during-hospital-stay-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tatiana Onofre, Julio Flavio Fiore Junior, César Ferreira Amorim, Suzana Tanni Minamoto, Denise de Moraes Paisani, Luciana Dias Chiavegato
INTRODUCTION: Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal dysfunctions are common in the postoperative period of kidney transplant patients and are often accompanied by low exercise tolerance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of an early physiotherapy program during hospital stay on functional capacity and peripheral and respiratory muscle strength after kidney transplant. METHODS: An open, randomized clinical trial was conducted in patients undergoing living donor kidney transplant...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239677/effects-of-kinect-adventures-games-versus-conventional-physical-therapy-on-postural-control-in-elderly-people-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jéssica Maria Ribeiro Bacha, Gisele Cristine Vieira Gomes, Tatiana Beline de Freitas, Larissa Alamino Pereira Viveiro, Keyte Guedes da Silva, Géssika Costa Bueno, Eliana Maria Varise, Camila Torriani-Pasin, Angélica Castilho Alonso, Natalia Mariana Silva Luna, Júlia Maria D'Andrea Greve, José Eduardo Pompeu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of Kinect Adventures games versus conventional physiotherapy to improve postural control (PC), gait, cardiorespiratory fitness, and cognition of the elderly. In addition, we evaluated the safety, acceptability, and adherence to the interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized clinical trial in which 46 elderly individuals were selected, mean age 69.3 (5.34) years. Participants were allocated to the Kinect Adventures Training Group (KATG) or the Conventional Physical Therapy Group (CPTG), 23 individuals in each group...
February 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637578/clinical-activity-profile-of-preregistration-physiotherapy-students-during-clinical-placements
#14
Susan Stoikov, Kassie Shardlow, Mark Gooding, Suzanne Kuys
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical activity profile of preregistration physiotherapy students during clinical placements and their clinical activity contribution to health service delivery.Methods Clinical activity data for 2014 were obtained from five Queensland public sector hospitals providing preregistration physiotherapy students clinical education in three key clinical areas (cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal and neurological) over four 5-week placement blocks. Data regarding the number of student occasions of service (OOS) and the length of the OOS (LOOS) were collected to determine the average OOS and LOOS per student in each clinical area...
June 22, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909378/perspectives-of-canadian-final-year-physiotherapy-students-on-cardiorespiratory-physiotherapy-as-a-career-choice
#15
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Tamara Araujo, Julia Marie Romano, Pat G Camp, Mark Hall, Sunita Mathur, Dina Brooks
Purpose: To investigate the opinions of final-year Canadian physiotherapy students of cardiorespiratory physiotherapy (CRP) and the factors influencing their decision about whether to pursue a career in CRP. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was completed by final-year Master of Science of Physical Therapy students from three of the largest English-speaking physiotherapy schools in Canada. Results: A total of 120 students responded to the survey (overall response rate was 44%). Fifteen students (12.5%) responded that they were extremely or quite interested in specializing in CRP...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909374/cardiorespiratory-physiotherapy-around-the-clock-experience-at-a-university-hospital
#16
Marianne Devroey, Catherine Buyse, Michelle Norrenberg, Anne-Marie Ros, Jean-Louis Vincent
Purpose: To document and describe the use of a hospital-wide, 24-hour cardiorespiratory physiotherapy service run by an intensive care unit (ICU) team of physiotherapists. Methods: We prospectively collected data on all non-ICU hospital patients who used the 24-hours-per-day cardiorespiratory physiotherapy service over a 1-year period between July 2013 and June 2014. The ICU physiotherapists documented the reason, origin of referral, time of call, and type and frequency of treatment of each patient. Results: Over the 1-year period, the ICU physiotherapists administered 2,192 out-of-hours cardiorespiratory physiotherapy treatments ( n =685 patients) outside the ICU...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894028/exploring-the-clinical-decision-making-used-by-experienced-cardiorespiratory-physiotherapists-a-mixed-method-qualitative-design-of-simulation-video-recording-and-think-aloud-techniques
#17
Debbie Thackray, Lisa Roberts
BACKGROUND: The ability of physiotherapists to make clinical decisions is a vital component of being an autonomous practitioner, yet this complex phenomenon has been under-researched in cardiorespiratory physiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to explore clinical decision-making (CDM) by experienced physiotherapists in a scenario of a simulated patient experiencing acute deterioration of their respiratory function. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this observational study was to identify the actions, thoughts, and behaviours used by experienced cardiorespiratory physiotherapists in their clinical decision-making processes...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477555/outcomes-of-a-community-based-lifestyle-programme-for-adults-with-diabetes-or-pre-diabetes
#18
Chris Higgs, Margot Skinner, Leigh Hale
INTRODUCTION Diabetes, a long-term condition increasing in prevalence, requires ongoing healthcare management. Exercise alongside lifestyle education and support is effective for diabetes management. AIM To investigate clinical outcomes and acceptability of a community-based lifestyle programme for adults with diabetes/prediabetes at programme completion and 3-month follow-up. METHODS The 12-week community programme included twice-weekly sessions of self-management education and exercise, supervised by a physiotherapist, physiotherapy students and a nurse...
June 2016: Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459860/effects-of-self-directed-exercise-programmes-on-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-evaluating-their-effect-on-hba-1c-and-other-metabolic-outcomes-physical-characteristics-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-functional-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Hugh Byrne, Brian Caulfield, Giuseppe De Vito
BACKGROUND: Type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is caused and progressed by an individual's lifestyle and, therefore, its optimal day-to-day management may involve the patient taking responsibility for this, including fulfilling a planned and prescribed exercise regime used as part of the treatment. A prescription of exercise designed to meet a patient's individual needs with minimal supervision from healthcare practitioners would facilitate this. However, the optimal prescription of exercise in the population remains unclear...
April 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418905/effect-of-intercostal-stretch-on-pulmonary-function-parameters-among-healthy-males
#20
Vikram Mohan, Ku Badlisyah Ku Aziz, Kamaria Kamaruddin, Joseph H Leonard, Srijit Das, Madhana Gopal Jagannathan
The use of manual stretching procedures has become more prevalent in cardiorespiratory physiotherapy to improve pulmonary functions. However, limited evidence exists regarding evaluation of their effectiveness. The study aimed to determine the impact of Intercostal (IC) stretch in improving the dynamic pulmonary function parameters (Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second (FEV1), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC % and respiratory rate among healthy adults. Thirty healthy male subjects were recruited based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
2012: EXCLI Journal
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