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Umbilical cord clamping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917213/efficacy-of-early-skin-to-skin-contact-on-the-rate-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-term-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Amit Sharma
BACKGROUND: Despite multiple benefits of breast milk, the rates of exclusive breastfeeding in developing countries are low. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of early skin -to -skin contact (SSC) on the rate of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) at 6 weeks of age among term neonates born by vaginal delivery. METHODS: Term neonates born by vaginal delivery and did not require any resuscitation were randomized at birth to SSC (n=100) and control (n=100) group...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903919/novel-method-of-treating-movement-of-the-plastibell-ring-using-an-umbilical-cord-clamp-cutter
#2
Rachel Oshiro, Andrew Charles Oshiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878457/poorly-understood-and-often-miscategorized-congenital-umbilical-cord-hernia-an-alternative-repair-method
#3
E İnce, A Temiz, S S Ezer, H Ö Gezer, A Hiçsönmez
PURPOSE: Umbilical cord hernia is poorly understood and often miscategorized as "omphalocele minor". Careless clamping of the cord leads to iatrogenic gut injury in the situation of umbilical cord hernia. This study aimed to determine the characteristics and outcomes of umbilical cord hernias. We also highlight an alternative repair method for umbilical cord hernias. METHODS: We recorded 15 cases of umbilical cord hernias over 10 years. The patients' data were retrospectively reviewed, and preoperative preparation of the newborn, gestational age, birth weight, other associated malformations, surgical technique used, enteral nutrition, and length of hospitalization were recorded...
November 22, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876367/factors-contributing-to-postpartum-blood-loss-in-low-risk-mothers-through-expectant-management-in-japanese-birth-centres
#4
Hiromi Eto, Ayako Hasegawa, Yaeko Kataoka, Sarah E Porter
OBJECTIVE: To describe aspects of expectant midwifery care for low-risk women conducted in midwifery-managed birth centres during the first two critical hours after delivery and to compare differences between midwifery care, client factors and postpartum blood loss volume. METHOD: As a secondary analysis from a larger study, this descriptive retrospective study examined data from birth records of 4051 women who birthed from 2001 to 2006 at nine (21%) of the 43 midwifery centres in Tokyo...
November 19, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869402/stem-cell-transfer-in-newborn-infants-through-placental-transfusion-via-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping
#5
EDITORIAL
José M Ceriani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863273/effects-of-delayed-cord-clamping-on-the-third-stage-of-labour-maternal-haematological-parameters-and-acid-base-status-in-fetuses-at-term
#6
Catalina De Paco, Javier Herrera, Carolina Garcia, Shiana Corbalán, Alicia Arteaga, Miriam Pertegal, Rosario Checa, María Teresa Prieto, Aníbal Nieto, Juan Luis Delgado
OBJECTIVE: To compare the time in the third stage of labour, differences in maternal hematologic parameters 48h after birth and acid-base status in the umbilical cord between the early cord clamping (ECC) and delayed cord clamping (DCC). STUDY DESIGN: 97 healthy pregnancies at term and a spontaneous vertex delivery at Clinic University Hospital "Virgen de la Arrixaca" (Murcia, Spain), were randomized to ECC group (<10s post-delivery) or to DCC group (2min post-delivery)...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827796/effect-of-body-position-and-ventilation-on-umbilical-artery-and-venous-blood-flows-during-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-in-preterm-lambs
#7
Stuart B Hooper, Kelly J Crossley, Valerie A Zahra, Jeroen van Vonderen, Alison Moxham, Andrew W Gill, Martin Kluckow, Arjan B Te Pas, Euan M Wallace, Graeme R Polglase
OBJECTIVE: While delayed umbilical cord clamping (UCC) is thought to facilitate placental to infant blood transfusion, the physiological factors regulating flow in the umbilical arteries and veins during delayed UCC is unknown. We investigated the effects of gravity, by changing fetal height relative to the placenta, and ventilation on umbilical blood flows and the cardiovascular transition during delayed UCC at birth. METHODS: Catheters and flow probes were implanted into preterm lambs (128 days) prior to delivery to measure pulmonary, carotid, umbilical artery (UaBF) and umbilical venous (UvBF) blood flows...
November 8, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807089/elective-caesarean-does-delay-in-cord-clamping-for-30%C3%A2-s-ensure-sufficient-iron-stores-at-4%C3%A2-months-of-age-a-historical-cohort-control-study
#8
Ola Andersson, Lena Hellström-Westas, Magnus Domellöf
OBJECTIVE: To compare iron stores in infants born after elective caesarean section (CS) and a 30 s delay of umbilical cord clamping with those born vaginally after early (≤10 s) or delayed (≥180 s) cord clamping. DESIGN: Prospective observational study with historical control. SETTING: Swedish county hospital. POPULATION: 64 infants born after elective CS were compared with a historical control of 166 early clamped and 168 delayed clamped after vaginal birth...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684833/use-of-the-glidescope-video-laryngoscope-for-intubation-during-ex-utero-intrapartum-treatment-in-a-fetus-with-a-giant-cyst-of-the-4th-branchial-cleft-a-case-report
#9
Sung Hye Byun, So Young Lee, Seong Yeon Hong, Taeha Ryu, Baek Jin Kim, Jin Yong Jung
INTRODUCTION: In fetuses who are predicted to be at risk of catastrophic airway obstruction at delivery, the ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is useful for securing the fetal airway while maintaining fetal oxygenation via placental circulation. Factors, including poor posture of the fetus and physician, narrow visual field, and issues of contamination in the aseptic surgical field, make fetal intubation during the EXIT procedure difficult. Herein, we report our experience of the usefulness of the GlideScope video laryngoscope (GVL) for intubation during the EXIT procedure...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623808/a-quality-improvement-initiative-for-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#10
Jeff Bolstridge, Tracy Bell, Barbara Dean, Amy Mackley, Gina Moore, Cheryl Swift, Dina Viscount, David A Paul, Stephen A Pearlman
BACKGROUND: Due to clinical benefits, delayed cord clamping (DCC) is recommended in infants born before 37 weeks gestational age. The objective was to institute a delayed cord clamping program and to evaluate clinical outcomes one year after initiation. METHODS: This study occured at Christiana Care Health System, a tertiary care facility with a 52 bed level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). A multidisciplinary team created a departmental policy, a DCC protocol and educational programs to support the development of a DCC program...
September 13, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603529/how-and-when-should-we-clamp-the-umbilical-cord-does-it-really-matter
#11
Nestor E Vain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565072/harvest-tissue-source-does-not-alter-the-protective-power-of-stromal-cell-therapy-after-intestinal-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#12
Amanda R Jensen, Morenci M Manning, Sina Khaneki, Natalie A Drucker, Troy A Markel
BACKGROUND: Transplantation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) may be a novel treatment for intestinal ischemia. The optimal stromal cell source that could yield maximal protection after injury, however, has not been identified. We hypothesized that (1) MSCs would increase survival and mesenteric perfusion, preserve intestinal histologic architecture, and limit inflammation after intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury, and (2) MSCs harvested from different sources of tissue would have equivalent protective properties to the intestine after I/R inury...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564579/randomised-control-trial-showed-that-delayed-cord-clamping-and-milking-resulted-in-no-significant-differences-in-iron-stores-and-physical-growth-parameters-at-one-year-of-age
#13
Shivam Agarwal, Vijay Jaiswal, Dharamveer Singh, Prateek Jaiswal, Amit Garg, Amit Upadhyay
AIM: Placental redistribution has been shown to improve haematological outcomes in the immediate neonatal period and early infancy. This study compared the effects of delayed cord clamping (DCC) and umbilical cord milking (UCM) on haematological and growth parameters at 12 months of age. METHODS: This was a follow-up study of a randomised control trial, conducted in a tertiary care paediatric centre from August 2013 to August 2014. We studied 200 apparently healthy Indian infants randomised at birth to receive DCC for 60-90 seconds or UCM...
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516657/caring-for-newborn-s-umbilical-cord-from-iranian-traditional-medicine-point-of-view
#14
Nayereh Vahedi Mazdabadi, Elahe Karimpour Razkenari, Mina Saeedi, Tahmineh Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Toushih
BACKGROUND: It is evident that infant's umbilical cord is essential for its survival and growth. In the past, it was not considered as a necessary tissue. However, nowadays, it has attracted lots of attention and its relation to different diseases has been demonstrated. In Iranian traditional medicine, caring for newborn's umbilical cord has been frequently recommended and it has been associated with different diseases. METHODS: Herein, Iranian traditional medicine resources such as "Qanun-fil-Tibb", "Exir-e-Azam", and "Tib-e-Akbari" were studied...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474088/-the-practice-of-neonatal-umbilical-blood-gas-analysis-in-the-alsace-regional-french-perinatal-network
#15
F Kellenberger, C Y Akladios, N Sananes, A Gaudineau, B Langer
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of neonatal well-being is paramount in delivery rooms. For that purpose, it is recommended in France to carry out a systematic neonatal umbilical cord blood gas analysis. The aim of this study is to evaluate how umbilical cord blood gas sampling is realised, analysed and interpreted by midwives in a French regional perinatal network. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a survey focused on randomly selected midwives partitioning in different maternities that constitute the "Alsace" regional perinatal network...
July 26, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366554/management-of-neuraxial-anaesthesia-for-emergent-caesarean-section-for-placenta-previa
#16
Berrin Günaydın, Mertihan Kurdoğlu, İsmail Güler, Mehrnoosh Bashiri, Fırat Büyüktaşkın, Mine Dağgez Keleşoğlu, Gözde İnan
Abnormal placental attachments, such as placenta accreta, increta or percrata, can result in increased morbidity and mortality because of the risk of severe postpartum haemorrhage. We aimed to present the management of spinal anaesthesia and surgical approach for emergent caesarean section because of vaginal bleeding in a multiparous pregnant woman with placenta previa at 36 weeks' gestation. Hyperbaric bupivacaine 12 mg, fentanyl 10 μg and morphine 150 μg were intrathecally administered for spinal anaesthesia...
February 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305177/ventilation-of-preterm-infants-during-delayed-cord-clamping-ventfirst-a-pilot-study-of-feasibility-and-safety
#17
Jameel Winter, John Kattwinkel, Christian Chisholm, Amy Blackman, Sarah Wilson, Karen Fairchild
Background Establishing lung inflation prior to umbilical cord clamping may improve the cardiovascular transition and reduce the risk of intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants. We developed a pilot feasibility and safety study in which infants < 33 weeks' gestation received assisted ventilation during delayed cord clamping (DCC). Methods Infants born between 24 0/7 and 32 6/7 weeks' gestation whose mothers consented were enrolled. All infants received continuous positive airway pressure or positive pressure ventilation during 90 seconds of DCC...
June 15, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298730/the-timing-of-umbilical-cord-clamping-at-birth-physiological-considerations
#18
REVIEW
Stuart B Hooper, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Graeme R Polglase, Andrew W Gill, Martin Kluckow, Euan M Wallace, Douglas Blank, Arjan B Te Pas
While it is now recognized that umbilical cord clamping (UCC) at birth is not necessarily an innocuous act, there is still much confusion concerning the potential benefits and harms of this common procedure. It is most commonly assumed that delaying UCC will automatically result in a time-dependent net placental-to-infant blood transfusion, irrespective of the infant's physiological state. Whether or not this occurs, will likely depend on the infant's physiological state and not on the amount of time that has elapsed between birth and umbilical cord clamping (UCC)...
2016: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212930/human-umbilical-cord-blood-derived-stem-cells-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-protect-injured-optic-nerve-viscoelasticity-characterization
#19
Xue-Man Lv, Yan Liu, Fei Wu, Yi Yuan, Min Luo
The optic nerve is a viscoelastic solid-like biomaterial. Its normal stress relaxation and creep properties enable the nerve to resist constant strain and protect it from injury. We hypothesized that stress relaxation and creep properties of the optic nerve change after injury. More-over, human brain-derived neurotrophic factor or umbilical cord blood-derived stem cells may restore these changes to normal. To validate this hypothesis, a rabbit model of optic nerve injury was established using a clamp approach...
April 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212612/-what-s-the-optimal-time-of-cesarean-section-antibiotic-prophylaxis-before-skin-incision-or-after-umbilical-cord-clamping-a-prospective-randomized-study
#20
A Khlifi, M Kouira, I Bannour, F Hachani, M Kehila, F Ferhi, A Bouslama, K Ben Jazia, M Fekih, H Khairi
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of antibiotics prophylaxis within 30 mins before skin incision (A) and after umbilical cord clamping (C) on the incidence of postoperative infections in patients undergoing elective caesarean section at Farhat Hached university teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomised clinical trial evaluating 279 patients undergoing elective caesarean section. Patients were randomly assigned a group number that allocated them to either arm of the study...
May 19, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
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