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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116206/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-detention-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Stéphanie Baggio, Ana Fructuoso, Marta Guimaraes, Eveline Fois, Diane Golay, Patrick Heller, Nader Perroud, Candy Aubry, Susan Young, Didier Delessert, Laurent Gétaz, Nguyen T Tran, Hans Wolff
Background: Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among people living in detention (PLD) corresponding to a five- to ten-fold increase compared to the general population. Our main study objective was to provide an updated ADHD prevalence rate for PLD, including PLD in psychiatric units. Sub-objectives included (i) comparing different ways of assessing ADHD, including DSM-5 criteria and (ii) identifying which types of PLD are more likely to have ADHD...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111187/discoveries-on-the-genetics-of-adhd-in-the-21st-century-new-findings-and-their-implications
#2
Anita Thapar
The 21st century has witnessed the discovery of multiple rare and common gene variants associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and these discoveries have already provided a starting point for the investigation of the biology of the disorder and novel treatments. The purpose of this selective review is to examine genetic findings from the past 5 years and consider their implications for the conceptualization of ADHD and future clinical practice. Recent discoveries reveal the strong genetic overlaps between ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as intellectual disability...
August 16, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097390/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-medications-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#3
Samuele Cortese, Nicoletta Adamo, Cinzia Del Giovane, Christina Mohr-Jensen, Adrian J Hayes, Sara Carucci, Lauren Z Atkinson, Luca Tessari, Tobias Banaschewski, David Coghill, Chris Hollis, Emily Simonoff, Alessandro Zuddas, Corrado Barbui, Marianna Purgato, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Farhad Shokraneh, Jun Xia, Andrea Cipriani
BACKGROUND: The benefits and safety of medications for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remain controversial, and guidelines are inconsistent on which medications are preferred across different age groups. We aimed to estimate the comparative efficacy and tolerability of oral medications for ADHD in children, adolescents, and adults. METHODS: We did a literature search for published and unpublished double-blind randomised controlled trials comparing amphetamines (including lisdexamfetamine), atomoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, guanfacine, methylphenidate, and modafinil with each other or placebo...
August 7, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30080117/-%C3%AF-neuropsychiatric-manifestations-in-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-tsc-diagnostic-guidelines-tand-concept-and-therapy-with-mtor-inhibitors%C3%AF
#4
Robert Waltereit, Martha Feucht, Magdalena C de Vries, Julia Huemer, Veit Roessner, Petrus J de Vries
Neuropsychiatric manifestations in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC): diagnostic guidelines, TAND concept and therapy with mTOR inhibitors Abstract. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), albeit a rare autosomal-dominant multisystem disease with an incidence of 1:6,000, is one of the most important monogenetic disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry. In up to 90 % of patients, neurological disorders such as epilepsy and psychiatric disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, affective disorders, and intellectual disability are observed...
August 6, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064930/collaborative-care-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-innovative-partnership-to-serve-rural-pediatric-patients
#5
Annie D Imboden, Karla K Fehr
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral health disorder in childhood that causes significant impairments in quality of life, home relationships, and school success. Despite a substantial evidence base and corresponding practice guidelines established by the American Academy of Pediatrics that support use of behavioral therapy to treat ADHD, affected patients infrequently receive therapy. This article will review the causes of underuse of behavioral therapy and methods to overcome these barriers such as integrating behavioral health care, thereby creating a pediatric patient-centered medical home...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058447/the-implementation-of-extended-examination-duration-for-students-with-adhd-in-higher-education
#6
Dorien Jansen, Katja Petry, Steven W Evans, Ilse Noens, Dieter Baeyens
OBJECTIVE: Recently, research indicated that extended examination duration was perceived as effective by students with ADHD. However, the objective effectiveness of this accommodation has not been researched extensively. This study addresses this gap in literature. METHOD: A total of 30 students with ADHD and 30 matched typically developing controls (TDC) participated in a simulation of a real-life examination. They filled in three parallel versions of a paper-and-pencil test in three time conditions: 1 hr (+0%), 1 hr 20 min (+33%), and 1 hr 30 min (+50%)...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982921/what-stops-practitioners-discussing-medication-breaks-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-identifying-barriers-through-theory-driven-qualitative-research
#7
Kinda Ibrahim, Parastou Donyai
National and international guidelines on the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents call for annual reviews to assess continuing need for medication by considering brief periods without medication, referred to as 'Drug holidays'. However, drug holidays are reactively initiated by families, or recommended by practitioners if growth has been suppressed by medication rather than proactively to check the need. There is little evidence of planned, practitioner-initiated drug holidays from methylphenidate...
July 7, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921155/supplementation-with-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-pufas-in-the-management-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#8
Tobias Banaschewski, Brendan Belsham, Michael H Bloch, Maite Ferrin, Mats Johnson, James Kustow, Sarah Robinson, Alessandro Zuddas
While pharmacotherapy and psychosocial interventions are recommended as the primary frontline treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), alternative approaches to managing ADHD are becoming increasingly popular among patients and their families. Supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is an example of this. PUFA supplementation is not recommended by guidelines for managing ADHD; however, patients may still decide to use it. To provide direction to healthcare professionals (HCPs) managing ADHD, eight international experts in the field of adult and child ADHD came together for the Continuum Education Board: Omega Supplements in ADHD meeting...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916032/-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-comorbid-mental-disorders-adhd-specific-self-rating-scales-in-differential-diagnostics
#9
M Paucke, T Stark, C Exner, C Kallweit, U Hegerl, M Strauß
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear how well the established attention deficit-hyperactive disorder (ADHD)-specific rating scales can differentiate between ADHD symptoms and symptoms of other mental disorders. METHODS: A total of 274 patients with suspected adult ADHD were extensively examined clinically and guideline-conform in an ADHD outpatient clinic. In 190 patients the diagnosis of ADHD could be made with certainty. The patients were also subsequently assessed according to the DSM IV criteria by self-rating scales on current (ADHS-SB, ASRS, CAARS) and retrospective (WURS-K) complaints...
June 18, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874359/association-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-with-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-offspring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Gillian M Maher, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Patricia M Kearney, Louise C Kenny, Timothy G Dinan, Molly Mattsson, Ali S Khashan
Importance: Although research suggests an association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and other neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring, consensus is lacking. Given the increasing prevalence of hypertension in pregnancy, it is important to examine the association of HDP with neurodevelopmental outcome. Objective: To synthesize the published literature on the association between HDP and risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring in a systematic review and meta-analysis...
August 1, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872928/increased-risk-of-developing-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-receiving-sensory-integration-therapy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Ruu-Fen Tzang, Yue-Cune Chang, Kai-Liang Kao, Yu-Hsin Huang, Hui-Chun Huang, Yu-Chiao Wang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Shu-I Wu, Fung-Chang Sung, Robert Stewart
Parents of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been found to prefer sensory integration (SI) training rather than guideline-recommended ADHD treatment. This study investigated whether SI intervention for children with ADHD was associated with a reduced risk of subsequent mental disorders. From children < 8-years-old newly diagnosed with ADHD in a nationwide population-based dataset, we established a SI cohort and a non-SI cohort (N =  1945) matched by propensity score...
June 5, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776429/assessing-adhd-symptoms-in-children-and-adults-evaluating-the-role-of-objective-measures
#12
Theresa S Emser, Blair A Johnston, J Douglas Steele, Sandra Kooij, Lisa Thorell, Hanna Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic guidelines recommend using a variety of methods to assess and diagnose ADHD. Applying subjective measures always incorporates risks such as informant biases or large differences between ratings obtained from diverse sources. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that ratings and tests seem to assess somewhat different constructs. The use of objective measures might thus yield valuable information for diagnosing ADHD. This study aims at evaluating the role of objective measures when trying to distinguish between individuals with ADHD and controls...
May 18, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776383/escalate-adaptive-treatment-approach-for-adolescents-and-adults-with-adhd-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Toivo Zinnow, Tobias Banaschewski, Andreas J Fallgatter, Carolin Jenkner, Florence Philipp-Wiegmann, Alexandra Philipsen, Wolfgang Retz, Esther Sobanski, Johannes Thome, Michael Rösler
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, a wide range of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment approaches for adults, including both pharmacological interventions and psychosocial treatments, have been proposed and observed to be efficient. In practice, individual treatment concepts are based on results of clinical studies as well as international guidelines (NICE Guidelines) that recommend a step-by-step treatment approach. Since the evidence supporting this approach is limited, the aim of the present study is to determine an optimal intervention regarding severity levels of ADHD symptomatology conducting a randomized controlled trial...
May 18, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768038/use-and-characteristics-of-antipsychotic-methylphenidate-combination-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-a-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Oliver Scholle, Tobias Banaschewski, Dirk Enders, Edeltraut Garbe, Oliver Riedel
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently have comorbidities that are potential indications for antipsychotics (APs). Some studies have suggested that the combined use of methylphenidate (MPH) and APs is increasing in this population group. Longitudinal analyses and in-depth investigations on the substance level are lacking. This study aimed to estimate the cumulative proportion of concomitant AP/MPH use in children and adolescents with ADHD over a follow-up of up to 9 years and to describe patient characteristics stratified by specific AP drug...
July 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765117/risk-of-poisoning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Maite Ruiz-Goikoetxea, Samuele Cortese, Sara Magallón, Maite Aznárez-Sanado, Noelia Álvarez Zallo, Elkin O Luis, Pilar de Castro-Manglano, Cesar Soutullo, Gonzalo Arrondo
Poisoning, a subtype of physical injury, is an important hazard in children and youth. Individuals with ADHD may be at higher risk of poisoning. Here, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify this risk. Furthermore, since physical injuries, likely share causal mechanisms with those of poisoning, we compared the relative risk of poisoning and injuries pooling studies reporting both. As per our pre-registered protocol (PROSPERO ID CRD42017079911), we searched 114 databases through November 2017...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756071/improving-the-quality-of-physical-health-monitoring-in-camhs-for-children-and-adolescents-prescribed-medication-for-adhd
#16
Cristal Oxley, Omer S Moghraby, Rani Samuel, Dan W Joyce
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by a persistent, pervasive pattern of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Stimulant medication such as methylphenidate has an established evidence base in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD. However, it is also associated with a risk of side effects which may include decreased appetite, increased blood pressure and possible reduced growth. Monitoring physical health in children and adolescents prescribed medication for ADHD is a key clinical responsibility and includes a number of parameters as outlined in the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Guidelines...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698135/the-prevalence-of-adhd-patients-among-pediatric-dentists-in-israel-and-knowledge-of-dental-and-behavioral-aspects-of-treating-them
#17
Sigalit Blumer, Rula Shehadi Khoury, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVE: There are no clear guidelines for managing the dental treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The use of sedation in combination with chronic ADHD medication use is also not well defined. This study surveyed the prevalence of ADHD children, management techniques and knowledge of pharmacologic therapies of these children among Israeli dentists. STUDY DESIGN: A specially designed questionnaire was distributed to all Israeli dentists attending a national conference in 2016...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623286/shared-care-models-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-are-they-effective
#18
REVIEW
Meshal A Sultan, Carlos S Pastrana, Kathleen A Pajer
Objectives: The aim of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness of shared/collaborative care between mental health-care providers and primary care providers (PCPs) on the outcomes of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This evaluation will be very helpful in the allocation of ADHD resources for models with the strongest evidence. Methods: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis statement, we searched for randomized controlled trials, cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies on shared/collaborative care models in the treatment of ADHD...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604300/face-memory-and-face-recognition-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Maria Romani, Miriam Vigliante, Noemi Faedda, Serena Rossetti, Lina Pezzuti, Vincenzo Guidetti, Francesco Cardona
This review focuses on facial recognition abilities in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A systematic review, using PRISMA guidelines, was conducted to identify original articles published prior to May 2017 pertaining to memory, face recognition, affect recognition, facial expression recognition and recall of faces in children and adolescents with ADHD. The qualitative synthesis based on different studies shows a particular focus of the research on facial affect recognition without paying similar attention to the structural encoding of facial recognition...
June 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476416/longitudinal-impact-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-to-improve-family-function-reduce-maternal-stress-and-improve-child-outcomes-in-families-of-children-with-adhd
#20
Shervin S Churchill, Michael C Leo, Eileen M Brennan, Claudia Sellmaier, Judy Kendall, Gail M Houck
Objective Evaluate the efficacy of a 12 month nursing case-management intervention over a period of 18 months, 6 months after the end of intervention, for families of children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods Mother and child dyads were enrolled to participate in a randomized controlled clinical trial. Children were 4-18 years old. Data were collected at baseline, 6, 12, and 18 months or 6 months after the termination of direct intervention. Longitudinal analyses, using generalized estimating equations, were conducted to assess change in study outcomes relating to family function, maternal stress, and child behavior over the 18 month period...
August 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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