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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731882/the-effect-on-bone-outcomes-of-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-prostate-cancer-survivors-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Soo Hyun Kim, Do Hwan Seong, Sang Min Yoon, Young Deuk Choi, Eunju Choi, Youngkyu Song, Hosook Song
BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss has important long-term effects in prostate cancer survivors (PCSs) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), but little is known about preventive interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a 6-month home-based exercise intervention in PCSs. METHODS: In this pilot, randomized controlled trial, 51 men (mean age, 70.8 years) were randomized to a 6-month home-based exercise intervention for preventing osteoporosis group (n = 26) or an exercise placebo intervention of stretching exercise group (n = 25)...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730068/stroke-survivors-levels-of-community-reintegration-quality-of-life-satisfaction-with-the-physiotherapy-services-and-the-level-of-caregiver-strain-at-community-health-centres-within-the-johannesburg-area
#2
Adrian Kusambiza-Kiingi, Douglas Maleka, Veronica Ntsiea
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors are discharged home before they are functionally independent and return home with activity limitations that would not be manageable without a caregiver. AIM: To determine stroke survivors' levels of community reintegration, quality of life (QOL), satisfaction with the physiotherapy services and the level of caregiver strain at community health centres within the Johannesburg area. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study using the following outcome measures: Maleka Stroke Community Reintegration Measure, Stroke-specific quality of life scale, Caregiver strain index and Physical therapy patient satisfaction questionnaire...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729234/mobile-phone-supported-physiotherapy-for-frozen-shoulder-feasibility-assessment-based-on-a-usability-study
#3
Thomas Stütz, Gerlinde Emsenhuber, Daniela Huber, Michael Domhardt, Martin Tiefengrabner, Gertie Janneke Oostingh, Ulrike Fötschl, Nicholas Matis, Simon Ginzinger
BACKGROUND: Patients with frozen shoulder show limited shoulder mobility often accompanied by pain. Common treatment methods include physiotherapy, pain medication, administration of corticosteroids, and surgical capsulotomy. Frozen shoulder often lasts from months to years and mostly affects persons in the age group of 40 to 70 years. It severely reduces the quality of life and the ability to work. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention that supports patients affected by "stage two" frozen shoulder...
July 20, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#4
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721691/occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-problems-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Lynn A Legg, Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Avril Drummond, Peter Langhorne
BACKGROUND: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717770/national-cancer-control-programme-in-india-proposal-for-organization-of-chemotherapy-and-systemic-therapy-services
#6
Seema Gulia, Manju Sengar, Rajendra Badwe, Sudeep Gupta
Cancer is a major health problem in India, with an estimated incidence of 1 million cases in 2012 that is likely to double in 2035 to approximately 1.7 million. The majority of cases are diagnosed in advanced stages, and approximately two thirds of patients die as a result of their disease. The mortality-to-incidence ratio is 0.68 in India, which is far higher than that in developed countries (approximately 0.38). One of the important reasons for this discrepancy is inequitable distribution and inaccessibility of health care resources in India...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716351/effect-of-provision-of-home-based-curative-health-services-by-public-sector-health-care-providers-on-neonatal-survival-a-community-based-cluster-randomised-trial-in-rural-pakistan
#7
Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Ariff, Zaid Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Although the effectiveness of community mobilisation and promotive care delivered by community health workers in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality is well established, evidence in support of home-based neonatal resuscitation and infection management is mixed. We assessed the effectiveness of adding training in neonatal bag and mask resuscitation and oral antibiotic therapy for suspected neonatal infections to a basic preventive and promotive interventions package delivered by public sector community-based lady health workers (LHWs) in rural Pakistan...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716141/the-german-day-care-study-multicomponent-non-drug-therapy-for-people-with-cognitive-impairment-in-day-care-centres-supplemented-with-caregiver-counselling-detamaks-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Elisa-Marie Behrndt, Melanie Straubmeier, Hildegard Seidl, Stephanie Book, Elmar Graessel, Katharina Luttenberger
BACKGROUND: It is the wish of both people with cognitive impairment and their informal caregivers for the impaired person to live at home for as long as possible. This is also in line with economic arguments about health. The existing structure of day-care services for the elderly can be used to achieve this. Due to the current lack of empirical evidence in this field, most day-care centres do not offer a scientifically evaluated, structured intervention, but instead offer a mixture of individual activities whose efficacy has not yet been established...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715903/parkinson-s-disease-and-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis-a-perspective-on-the-challenges-treatments-and-economic-burden
#9
Doral Fredericks, James C Norton, Carolyn Atchison, Robert Schoenhaus, Michael W Pill
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with a decrease in the neurotransmitter dopamine and characterized by the cardinal motor hallmarks of resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia/akinesia, and postural instability. Lesser-known features of PD revolve around nonmotor concerns including psychosis, dementia, sleep disturbances, autonomic dysfunction, and sensory abnormalities. Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP) contributes significantly to morbidity, mortality, nursing home placement, and quality of life (QOL)...
April 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714268/nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#10
Ben Spears, Helen Tyrer, Peter Tyrer
Nidotherapy is a new form of psychological therapy that aims to improve mental health by a systematic and collaborative manipulation of the environment in all its forms without focusing on alleviation of symptoms. Following treatment with nidotherapy, we describe a dramatic, and continuing, improvement in a woman with comorbid severe depressive illness and borderline personality disorder. She had made repeated serious suicide attempts over the previous 25 years and had received many drug and psychological treatments without success...
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700266/resources-for-the-provision-of-nutrition-support-to-children-in-educational-environments
#11
Mandy L Corrigan, Shirley Huang, Ann Weaver, David Keeler, Katina Rahe, Jane Balint, Michelle Marti, Brandis Goodman, Traci Nagy, Victoria DeLano, Betty Bond
The use of nutrition support outside of institutional settings has contributed to maintaining the health, well-being, and nutrition status of many medically complex children. As these children grow and enter educational settings, there is a need for awareness of the care that these children require for nutrition support therapy. This document is designed to raise awareness to these needs, provide best practice educational resources for those involved in the supervision or provision of nutrition support to children in an educational environment, and promote safe and effective care...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698181/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-following-cesarean-delivery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Felicia Ketcheson, Christy Woolcott, Victoria Allen, Joanne M Langley
BACKGROUND: The rate of cesarean delivery is increasing in North America. Surgical site infection following this operation can make it difficult to recover, care for a baby and return home. We aimed to determine the incidence of surgical site infection to 30 days following cesarean delivery, associated risk factors and whether risk factors differed for predischarge versus postdischarge infection. METHODS: We identified a retrospective cohort in Nova Scotia by linking the provincial perinatal database to hospital admissions and physician billings databases to follow women for 30 days after they had given birth by cesarean delivery between Jan...
July 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694266/comparing-medical-ecology-utilization-and-expenditures-between-1996-1997-and-2011-2012
#13
Michael E Johansen
PURPOSE: This study compared ecology (number of individuals using a service), utilization (number of services used), and expenditures (dollars spent) for various categories of medical services between primarily 1996-1997 and 2011-2012. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional study was performed using nationally representative data mainly from the 1996, 1997, 2011, and 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). These data were augmented with the 2002-2003 MEPS as well as the 1999-2000 and 2011-2012 National Heath and Nutrition Examination Survey...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693538/patient-benefit-of-dog-assisted-interventions-in-health-care-a-systematic-review
#14
Martina Lundqvist, Per Carlsson, Rune Sjödahl, Elvar Theodorsson, Lars-Åke Levin
BACKGROUND: Dogs are the most common companion animal, and therefore not surprisingly a popular choice for animal-assisted interventions. Dog-assisted interventions are increasingly used in healthcare. The aim of the review was to conduct a systematic literature review of quantitative studies on dog-assisted interventions in healthcare, with the intention of assessing the effects and cost-effectiveness of the interventions for different categories of patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature reporting results of studies in healthcare, nursing home or home care settings, was conducted...
July 10, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683000/safety-risks-among-home-infusion-nurses-and-other-home-health-care-providers
#15
Pia Markkanen, Catherine Galligan, Margaret Quinn
In the United States, home health care (HHC) is a rapidly growing industry and home infusion therapy is a rapidly growing market. HHC can present substantial occupational safety and health (OSH) risks. This article summarizes major OSH risks relevant to home infusion therapy by illustrating them through real-life scenarios collected systematically using qualitative research methods by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health-funded research projects at the University of Massachusetts Lowell...
July 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681631/severe-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-overweight-and-increased-body-fat-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic
#16
Kathryn P Derose, Israel Ríos-Castillo, María Altagracia Fulcar, Denise D Payán, Kartika Palar, Lisbeth Escala, Hugo Farías, Homero Martínez
Food insecurity is an important risk factor for overweight and obesity among low-income populations in high income countries, but has not been well-studied among people living with HIV (PLHIV), particularly in resource-poor settings. To explore the association between food insecurity and overweight and obesity among PLHIV in the Dominican Republic, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 160 HIV-infected adults between March-December 2012 in four geographically-dispersed health centers (Santo Domingo, Puerto Plata, San Juan, and Higuey)...
July 6, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679895/residence-as-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-area-a-smart-home-approach
#17
Corinna Mielke, Thorsten Voss, Reinhold Haux
The "research apartment Halberstadtstraße" (HSS) in Braunschweig, Germany, is the attempt to realize a personal living environment as a room for diagnostics and therapy with the support of health-enabling and ambient assistive technologies (HEAAT). As a research tool, the HSS will enable the efficient implementation of new HEAAT and help in evaluating these under controlled real-life conditions. This new research tool will therefore be the missing link between artificial laboratory and complete real-life conditions...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678166/access-to-hiv-care-and-resilience-in-a-long-term-conflict-setting-a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-experiences-of-living-with-diagnosed-hiv-in-mogadishu-somali
#18
Asli Kulane, John O A Owuor, Douglas Sematimba, Sacdia Abdisamad Abdulahi, Hamdi Moalim Yusuf, Lul M Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) continues to take a heavy toll on the lives of many people, with the worst impact on health and wellbeing for the affected individuals in fragile states. The HIV situation in Somalia is not clearly known and experiences of the people living with HIV in this war-torn region are often unexpressed. This pilot qualitative study sought to explore the experiences of people diagnosed with HIV living in Mogadishu, and their resilience in access to care and social support...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677631/macromolecular-conjugate-and-biological-carrier-approaches-for-the-targeted-delivery-of-antibiotics
#19
REVIEW
Nhan Dai Thien Tram, Pui Lai Rachel Ee
For the past few decades, the rapid rise of antibiotic multidrug-resistance has presented a palpable threat to human health worldwide. Meanwhile, the number of novel antibiotics released to the market has been steadily declining. Therefore, it is imperative that we utilize innovative approaches for the development of antimicrobial therapies. This article will explore alternative strategies, namely drug conjugates and biological carriers for the targeted delivery of antibiotics, which are often eclipsed by their nanomedicine-based counterparts...
July 4, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673796/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-enuretic-children-and-controls
#20
Ingrid Jönson Ring, Agneta Markström, Farhan Bazargani, Tryggve Nevéus
INTRODUCTION: Nocturnal enuresis and sleep disordered breathing are common childhood problems that are reported to be associated with each other. Sleep disordered breathing is often found in children with upper airway obstruction and, according to some studies, its presence is associated with an increased risk of nocturnal enuresis. Respiration during sleep in children with therapy-resistant enuresis, but no history of snoring or sleep apneas, has previously been investigated, and subclinical signs of disordered respiration were found in this group...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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