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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228134/the-impact-of-community-health-worker-led-home-delivery-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-virological-suppression-a-non-inferiority-cluster-randomized-health-systems-trial-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#1
Pascal Geldsetzer, Joel M Francis, Nzovu Ulenga, David Sando, Irene A Lema, Eric Mboggo, Maria Vaikath, Happiness Koda, Sharon Lwezaula, Janice Hu, Ramadhani A Noor, Ibironke Olofin, Elysia Larson, Wafaie Fawzi, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: Home delivery of antiretroviral therapy (ART) by community health workers (CHWs) may improve ART retention by reducing the time burden and out-of-pocket expenditures to regularly attend an ART clinic. In addition, ART home delivery may shorten waiting times and improve quality of care for those in facility-based care by decongesting ART clinics. This trial aims to determine whether ART home delivery for patients who are clinically stable on ART combined with facility-based care for those who are not stable on ART is non-inferior to the standard of care (facility-based care for all ART patients) in achieving and maintaining virological suppression...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226549/an-ict-and-mobile-health-integrated-approach-to-optimize-patients-education-on-hypertension-and-its-management-by-physicians-the-patients-optimal-strategy-of-treatment-post-pilot-study
#2
Fabio Albini, Xiaoqiu Liu, Camilla Torlasco, Davide Soranna, Andrea Faini, Renata Ciminaghi, Ada Celsi, Matteo Benedetti, Antonella Zambon, Marco di Rienzo, Gianfranco Parati, Fabio Albini, Xiaoqiu Liu, Camilla Torlasco, Davide Soranna, Andrea Faini, Renata Ciminaghi, Ada Celsi, Matteo Benedetti, Antonella Zambon, Marco di Rienzo, Gianfranco Parati, Renata Ciminaghi, Marco di Rienzo, Davide Soranna, Ada Celsi, Gianfranco Parati, Fabio Albini, Antonella Zambon, Xiaoqiu Liu, Andrea Faini, Camilla Torlasco, Matteo Benedetti
INTRODUCTION: Uncontrolled hypertension is largely attributed to unsatisfactory doctor's engagement in its optimal management and to poor patients' compliance to therapeutic interventions. ICT and mobile Health solutions might improve these conditions, being widely available and providing highly effective communication strategies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether ICT and mobile Health tools are able to improve hypertension control by improving doctors' engagement and by increasing patients' education and involvement, and their compliance to lifestyle modification and prescribed drug therapy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224946/exercise-adherence-in-the-elderly-experience-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-simple-treatment-and-prevention
#3
Mary McElrath, Jonathan Myers, Khin Chan, Holly Fonda
Poor adherence to health-related behaviors can have serious health consequences. Cardiac rehabilitation has been documented to have physiological and psychosocial benefits; however, optimizing adherence to exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease is a particular challenge. We recently completed a large, 6-year randomized trial of exercise training in elderly patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease (50-85 years), which provided an opportunity to describe adherence strategies in this unique group of elderly individuals...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218595/effect-of-home-modification-interventions-on-the-participation-of-community-dwelling-adults-with-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#4
Susan Stark, Marian Keglovits, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review investigated the role of home modification interventions to improve participation outcomes for community-living adults and older adults. METHOD: Thirty-six articles met the inclusion criteria. The majority of the studies investigated older adult populations and used occupational therapists as interventionists. RESULTS: Strong evidence was found for home modification interventions to improve function for people with a variety of health conditions and for both single and multicomponent interventions that included home modifications to reduce the rate and risk of falls among older adults...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217889/co-occurring-trajectory-of-mothers-substance-use-and-psychological-control-and-children-s-behavior-problems-the-effects-of-a-family-systems-intervention
#5
Jing Zhang, Natasha Slesnick, Xin Feng
This study examined the effects of a family systems therapy (Ecologically-Based Family Therapy [EBFT]) on the co-occurring trajectory of mothers' substance use and psychological control, and its association with children's problem behaviors. Participants included 183 mothers with a substance use disorder who had at least one biological child in their care. Mothers were randomly assigned to one of the three intervention conditions: EBFT-home, n = 62; EBFT-office, n = 61; or Women's Health Education, n = 60...
February 19, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212641/local-constraints-to-access-appropriate-malaria-treatment-in-the-context-of-parasite-resistance-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#6
Jesse Verschuere, Tom Decroo, Dara Lim, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Chea Nguon, Rekol Huy, Yasmine Alkourdi, Koen Peeters Grietens, Charlotte Gryseels
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging drug resistance in Cambodia, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is still the most efficacious therapy. ACT is available free of charge in the Cambodian public sector and at a subsidized rate in the private sector. However, un- and mistreated cases in combination with population movements may lead to the further spread of resistant parasites, stressing the importance of understanding how the perceived aetiology of malaria and associated health-seeking behaviour may delay access to appropriate treatment...
February 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187737/evaluation-of-a-web-based-registry-of-inherited-bleeding-disorders-a-descriptive-study-of-the-brazilian-experience-with-hemovidaweb-coagulopatias
#7
Suely Meireles Rezende, Silvia Helena Lacerda Rodrigues, Kelly Neves Pinheiro Brito, Diego Lima Quintino da Silva, Marcos Lázaro Santo, Bárbara de Jesus Simões, Guilherme Genovez, Helder Teixeira Melo, João Paulo Baccara Araújo, Danila Augusta Accioly Varella Barca
BACKGROUND: Inherited bleeding disorders (IBD) consist of a group of rare heterogeneous diseases, which require treatment for life. Management of these disorders is complex and costly. Therefore, good quality data of the affected population is crucial to guide policy planning. The aim of this manuscript is to describe the impact of a national, web-based registry - the Hemovidaweb Coagulopatias (HWC) - in the management of the IBD in Brazil. METHODS: The system was developed in PHP 5...
February 10, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183335/efficacy-of-vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-reducing-incidence-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-mortality-among-hiv-infected-tanzanian-adults-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Christopher R Sudfeld, Ferdinand Mugusi, Said Aboud, Tumaini J Nagu, Molin Wang, Wafaie W Fawzi
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected adults initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa continue to experience high rates of morbidity and mortality during the initial months of treatment. Observational studies in high-income and resource-limited settings indicate that HIV-infected adults with low vitamin D levels may be at increased risk of mortality, HIV disease progression, and incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). As a result, vitamin D3 supplementation may improve survival and treatment outcomes for HIV-infected adults initiating ART...
February 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171741/effectiveness-of-technologies-in-the-treatment-of-post-stroke-anomia-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Monica Lavoie, Joël Macoir, Nathalie Bier
BACKGROUND: Technologies are becoming increasingly popular in the treatment of language disorders and offer numerous possibilities, but little is known about their effectiveness and limitations. AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of treatments delivered by technology in the management of post-stroke anomia. METHODS: As a guideline for conducting this review, we used the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167746/randomised-controlled-trial-examining-the-effect-of-an-outpatient-exercise-training-programme-on-haemodynamics-and-cardiac-mr-parameters-of-right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-the-expah-study-protocol
#10
Karen S W Chia, Steven G Faux, Peter K K Wong, Cameron Holloway, Hassan Assareh, Craig S McLachlan, Eugene Kotlyar
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a potentially life-threatening condition characterised by elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Early stage PH patients are often asymptomatic. Disease progression is associated with impairment of right ventricular function and progressive dyspnoea. Current guidelines recommend exercise training (grade IIa, level B). However, many questions remain regarding the mechanisms of improvement, intensity of supervision and optimal frequency, duration and intensity of exercise...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164253/heart-failure-in-the-elderly-ten-peculiar-management-considerations
#11
Feras Bader, Bassam Atallah, Lisa F Brennan, Rola H Rimawi, Mohammed E Khalil
Chronic heart failure (HF) is a disease with significantly higher prevalence in the elderly or patients older than 65 years old. Typically, older patients have more risk factors for HF, more comorbidities, and are more likely to have recurrent admissions for acute decompensations. With HF burden on health care systems primarily related to hospital and nursing home costs, it is critical that elderly patients are approached with a clear understanding of certain unique clinical, laboratory, imaging, and pharmacokinetic differences that can alter their management and outcomes...
February 6, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164049/a-case-report-of-bisphosphonate-induced-bilateral-osteoporotic-subtrochanteric-fracture-femurii-review-of-literature
#12
Rajendra Uppin, Srinath Gupta, Shivank Prakash
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a significant health-care problem characterized by excessive skeletal fragility, susceptibility to low-trauma fractures in men as well as women. Any abnormality of the bone that reduces the strength of the bone predisposes it to mechanical failure during normal activity or with minimum trauma. The mechanical failure manifests itself as a fracture, and this fracture must be recognized as a pathological fracture if the patient is to be treated properly. Osteoporosis is one of the leading causes of such pathological fractures and accounts for 1...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160239/impact-of-site-of-care-on-infection-rates-among-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-receiving-intravenous-immunoglobulin-therapy
#13
Richard L Wasserman, Diane Ito, Yan Xiong, Xiaolan Ye, Patrick Bonnet, Josephine Li-McLeod
PURPOSE: Patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDD) are at increased risk of infection and may require lifelong immunoglobulin G (IgG) replacement. Infection incidence rates were determined for patients with PIDD receiving intravenously administered IgG (IGIV) in a home or hospital outpatient infusion center (HOIC). METHODS: Data were extracted from a large, US-based, employer-sponsored administrative database. Patients were eligible for analysis if they had ≥1 inpatient or emergency room claim or ≥2 outpatient claims with a PIDD diagnosis between January 2002 and March 2013, 12 months of continuous health plan enrollment prior to index date (i...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157776/translating-evidence-based-protocols-into-the-home-healthcare-setting
#14
Katherine L Beissner, Eileen Bach, Christopher M Murtaugh, MaryGrace Trifilio, Charles R Henderson, Yolanda Barrón, Melissa A Trachtenberg, Carrington Reid
Activity-limiting pain is common among older home care patients and pain management is complicated by the high prevalence of physical frailty and multimorbidity in the home care population. A comparative effectiveness study was undertaken at a large urban home care agency to examine an evidence-based pain self-management program delivered by physical therapists (PTs). This article focuses on PT training, methods implemented to reinforce content after training and to encourage uptake of the program with appropriate patients, and therapists' fidelity to the program...
February 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156625/clinical-and-health-care-setting-of-patients-admitted-at-pain-control-center-hospice-of-solofra-a-feasibility-model-of-end-of-life-care-in-the-avellino-province-of-italy
#15
Carmela Fasano, Luisa M Rizzo, A M Strollo, Elena De Vinco, Vincenzo Landolfi, Elena Altieri, Mario Nicola Vittorio Ferrante, Sergio Canzanella, Giuseppe Servillo, Lucia Genua, Maddalena Zampi, Gaetano D'Onofrio
: 59 Background: The Pain Control Center Hospice of Solofra (Italy) is managed with a mixed public / private, the first experience in the Campania region.We have evaluated the treatment procedures and the clinical outcome to make a comparison by between 123 evaluable patients in palliative care in 2015 and 232 evaluable patients in the biennium 2012-2014. METHODS: The following characteristics: patient gender, mean hospitalization time, differentiation between cancer and non cancer patients, medical weapon use, venous access type, enteral and parenteral feeding, pain killer use,Karnofsky scale...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154759/diarrhea-no-more-does-zinc-help-the-poor-evidence-on-the-effectiveness-of-programmatic-efforts-to-reach-poorest-in-delivering-zinc-and-ors-at-scale-in-up-and-gujarat-india
#16
Amnesty E LeFevre, Diwakar Mohan, Sarmila Mazumder, Laura L Lamberti, Sunita Taneja, Robert E Black, Christa L Fischer-Walker
BACKGROUND: India has the greatest burden of diarrhea in children under 5 years globally. The Diarrhea Alleviation through zinc and oral rehydration salts (ORS) Therapy program (2010-2014) sought to improve access to and utilization of zinc and ORS among children 2-59 months in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh (UP), India, through public and private sector delivery channels. In this analysis, we present findings on program's effect in reducing child-health inequities. METHODS: Data from cross-sectional baseline and endline surveys were used to assess disparities in key outcomes across six dimensions: socioeconomic strata, gender, caregiver education, ethnicity and geography...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154440/case-report-using-a-remote-presence-robot-to-improve-access-to-physical-therapy-for-people-with-chronic-back-disorders-in-an-underserved-community
#17
Stacey Lovo Grona, Brenna Bath, Luis Bustamante, Ivar Mendez
Purpose: The purpose of this case study was to evaluate the delivery of an inter-professional (IP) spinal triage management approach to chronic back disorders using remote presence robotic technology as an innovative form of telerehabilitation in a northern Saskatchewan community. Methods: The IP team, consisting of a local nurse practitioner (NP) and a physical therapist in an urban centre, completed a comprehensive neuromusculoskeletal assessment of, and one follow-up visit with, a post-surgical spinal patient...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152865/patient-surveys-for-cancer-populations-initial-experiences-with-cancer-cahps
#18
Mark W Friedberg, Shelley Fuld Nasso, Lindsey M Roth, Aaron Smith-McLallen, Ellen L Stovall, Sarah Hudson Scholle
: 281 Background: Patient experiences are an important component of quality, but information on how well oncology providers meet the specific needs of patients with cancer is limited. This study reports on the patient experiences among patients undergoing drug therapy treatment for cancer in diverse outpatient settings. METHODS: We assessed patient experiences using a modified version of the CAHPS Survey for Cancer Caredeveloped by the American Institutes for Research...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152860/using-information-technology-to-power-an-integrated-community-based-oncology-palliative-care-model
#19
Andrew Allan Hertler, Lianne Matthews, RaeLynn Carr
: 166 Background: There is a need to improve palliative care program access for patients with cancer. The identification of candidates for palliative care at the point of diagnose can improve care and reduce costs. This pilot program was launched in July 2015 by four stakeholders: Health plan; Regional palliative care provider; Community oncology practice; and Oncology quality management provider. METHODS: Objectives are to increase patient satisfaction, reduce unnecessary utilization and costs...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152289/cqi-proiect-every-other-day-nocturnal-hhd-an-alternative-approach-to-reduce-burden
#20
(no author information available yet)
More frequent dialysis, typically performed five to six times per week at home, has been associated with a num- ber of clinical, cardiovascular, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) benefits. Daily therapy often results in a burden for patients and care partners. A continuous qual- ity improvement (CQI) initiative was conducted to evaluate if an alternate day, longer duration therapy (3.5 treatments with six to 10 hour treatments per week) would provide a viable alternative for home hemodialysis (HHD)...
August 2016: Nephrology News & Issues
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