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Exercise AND oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092052/exercise-training-improves-vascular-function-and-secondary-health-measures-in-survivors-of-pediatric-oncology-related-cerebral-insult
#1
Treya M Long, Shoshana R Rath, Karen E Wallman, Erin K Howie, Leon M Straker, Andrew Bullock, Thomas S Walwyn, Nicholas G Gottardo, Catherine H Cole, Catherine S Choong, Louise H Naylor
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of pediatric oncology related cerebral insult are vulnerable to numerous treatment-induced deficits that significantly enhance cardiovascular disease risk. Regular exercise improves endothelial function, fitness, body composition and musculoskeletal function which may reduce predisposition for cardiovascular disease. Here we assessed the feasibility and effectiveness of a 24-week exercise intervention on cardiovascular, physical and metabolic outcomes in this population...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085945/what-do-breast-cancer-survivors-expect-from-exercise
#2
Rachel Hirschey, Wei Pan, Marilyn Hockenberry, Gretchen Kimmick, Ryan Shaw, Isaac Lipkus
BACKGROUND: Exercise outcome expectations (OEs) (ie, what one expects to obtain or avoid by exercising) are influential to increase exercise among cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the accessibility (ie, frequency one thinks about exercise resulting in an outcome) and importance (ie, one's value of the outcome) of OEs among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Stage IA to IIB breast cancer survivors who were 1 to 5 years posttreatment completed OE questionnaires...
August 7, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084104/prevalence-characteristics-and-treatment-of-fatigue-in-oncological-cancer-patients-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-italian-network-for-supportive-care-in-cancer-nicso
#3
Fausto Roila, Guglielmo Fumi, Benedetta Ruggeri, Andrea Antonuzzo, Carla Ripamonti, Sonia Fatigoni, Luigi Cavanna, Stefania Gori, Alessandra Fabi, Nicola Marzano, Claudio Graiff, Vitaliana De Sanctis, Aurora Mirabile, Samantha Serpentini, Chiara Bocci, Maria Simona Pino, Giuseppina Cilenti, Claudio Verusio, Enzo Ballatori
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most distressing symptoms of cancer patients. Its characteristics and impact on quality of life have not been fully explored and treatment of cancer-related fatigue in Italian oncological centers has not been codified. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on all patients attending for any reason the 24 participating centers in two non-consecutive days. Patients with fatigue filled out the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) questionnaire and reported any pharmacological or non-pharmacological treatment for fatigue...
August 6, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30080311/exercise-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-pulmonary-artery-catheter-monitoring-in-carcinoid-heart-disease-a-shift-towards-early-intervention
#4
Philippe Timmermans, Filip Rega, Jan Bogaert, Marie-Christine Herregods
Neuroendocrine tumours are a rare malignancy, which can be complicated by a carcinoid syndrome and, in more rare cases, also valve destruction. The correct timing for surgical repair remains unknown. We report the first-in-men exercise cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with pulmonary artery catheter measurements in order to better understand the haemodynamic impact of isolated tricuspid valve insufficiency in a low symptomatic patient. Not pressure but volume overload is the key factor in the development of symptoms, as long as the right ventricular function is intact...
August 6, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30048023/modality-specific-exercise-guidelines-and-quality-of-life-in-kidney-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Linda Trinh, Dominick A Strom, Jaime N Wong, Kerry S Courneya
OBJECTIVES: Few exercise oncology trials have compared aerobic to strength exercise or compared combined exercise (i.e., aerobic and strength training) to aerobic only or strength only. It is unknown what single or combined exercise modality is optimal for quality of life (QoL) in cancer survivors. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of meeting the combined and independent aerobic and strength exercise guidelines in kidney cancer survivors (KCS) and determine any associations with QoL...
July 26, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024437/morning-fatigue-severity-profiles-in-oncology-outpatients-receiving-chemotherapy
#6
Fay Wright, Laura B Dunn, Steven M Paul, Yvette P Conley, Jon D Levine, Marilyn J Hammer, Bruce A Cooper, Christine Miaskowski, Kord M Kober
BACKGROUND: Morning fatigue is a distinct symptom experienced during chemotherapy that demonstrates significant interindividual variability. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify subgroups with distinct morning fatigue profiles and evaluate how these subgroups differed by demographic, clinical, and symptom characteristics. METHODS: Outpatients (N = 1332) with breast, gastrointestinal, gynecological, or lung cancer completed questionnaires 6 times over 2 cycles of chemotherapy...
July 17, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009038/the-utility-of-patient-reported-data-in-a-gynecologic-oncology-clinic
#7
D Barnes, R Rivera, S Gibson, C Craig, J Cragun, B Monk, D Chase
Background: Measuring QoL is essential to the field of gynecologic oncology but there seems to be limited standardized data regarding collecting QoL assessments throughout a patient's cancer treatment especially in non-clinical trial patients. The aim of this study is to explore patient characteristics that may be associated with poor quality of life (QoL) in women with gynecologic cancers at two University of Arizona Cancer Center (UACC) sites. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among English speaking women with gynecologic malignancies at the University of Arizona Cancer Centers in Phoenix and Tucson from April 2012 to July 2015...
2018: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004035/a-rare-case-of-epithelioid-hemangiothelioma-of-the-quadriceps
#8
Rosario Vecchio, Marco Caputo, Saveria Spadola, Renato Catalano, Eva Intagliata
Hemangioendotelioma is a group of rare vascular tumors with border-line behavior. They may involve internal organs, limbs, bones and soft tissue. The histological variant epitheliod hemangiothelioma is locally aggressive and has metastatic potential. We present a case of a 41-years old woman affected by epitheliod hemangiothelioma of the right quadriceps. The patient complained of localized pain in the anterior region of the right thigh, which started about 3 months earlier during physical exercise. For the increasing size of the lesion, the patient was referred to our Department...
July 12, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975707/a-multi-centre-investigation-of-delivering-national-guidelines-on-exercise-training-for-men-with-advanced-prostate-cancer-undergoing-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-the-uk-nhs
#9
Liam Bourke, Rebecca Turner, Rosa Greasley, Eileen Sutton, Liz Steed, Dianna Smith, Janet Brown, Ben Kelly, Claire Hulme, Diana Greenfield, Raj Persad, Amanda Farrin, Jenny Hewison, Derek J Rosario
BACKGROUND: National guidelines (NICE-CG175) recommended 12 weeks of supervised exercise training for men treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer to counter debilitating adverse effects of castration. As with other chronic conditions where exercise is indicated, it is uncertain if these services are being delivered in the health services. The aim of this multi-centre investigation was to examine what exercise referral is currently available for men on ADT as provided by the NHS and if a supervised, individually-tailored exercise training package (as per the national NICE guidelines CG175) is embedded within prostate cancer care...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971575/cardiovascular-autonomic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Ben G T Coumbe, John D Groarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Elucidating the mechanisms that contribute to adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes and reduce quality of life among patients with cancer is paramount. Cancer, certain cancer drugs, radiation therapy, cancer-associated lifestyle disturbances, and cancer-independent comorbidities combine to predispose oncology patients to autonomic dysfunction (AD). This review will explore the assessment, etiology, and clinical implications of AD in cancer patients and will speculate on therapeutic and research opportunities...
July 3, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914436/treatment-in-the-stampede-era-for-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-in-the-uk-ongoing-challenges-and-underappreciated-clinical-problems
#11
Rosa U Greasley, Rebecca Turner, Karen Collins, Janet Brown, Liam Bourke, Derek J Rosario
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the opinions of healthcare professionals regarding the management of men with advanced prostate cancer with particular emphasis on treatment timing and sequencing; treatment adverse-effects and exercise a supportive therapy. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with a purposively selected group of healthcare professionals involved in prostate cancer care within the NHS, conducted over the phone or face to face. A total of 37 healthcare professionals participated in the interviews including urologists, clinical oncologists, medical oncologists, clinical nurse specialists, general practitioners, physiotherapists, exercise specialists, service managers, clinical commissioners and primary care physicians...
June 19, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893247/exercise-and-cancer-treatment-balancing-patient-needs
#12
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Oncology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862453/prehabilitation-for-surgical-oncology-patients-empowering-patient-volition
#13
Rahul Jain, Leslie Gibson, Natalie Coburn
Prehabilitation is the improvement of patient health in anticipation of a physiological stressor, such as major surgery. Prehabilitation optimizes health by taking a proactive approach to promoting exercise, nutrition, and lifestyle modifications. Engaging patients in the pre-operative phase provides an opportunity to positively impact their recovery and return to functional baseline by reducing post-operative deconditioning. At the Odette Cancer Centre at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, Canada, the Interprofessional Multidisciplinary Prehabilitation Assessment Consultation Team (IMPACT-Surgical Oncology) was developed...
June 3, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849727/evaluation-of-how-integrative-oncology-services-are-valued-between-hematology-oncology-patients-and-hematologists-oncologists-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#14
D M Hansra, K McIntyre, J Ramdial, S Sacks, C S Patrick, J Cutler, B McIntyre, K Feister, M Miller, A K Taylor, F Farooq, J Antunez de Mayolo, E Ahn
Evidence regarding opinions on integrative modalities by patients and physicians is lacking. Methods . A survey study was conducted assessing how integrative modalities were valued among hematology/oncology patients and hematologists and oncologists at a major tertiary medical center. Results. 1008 patients and 55 physicians were surveyed. With the exception of support groups, patients valued nutrition services, exercise therapy, spiritual/religious counseling, supplement/herbal advice, support groups, music therapy, and other complimentary medicine services significantly more than physicians ( P ≤ 0...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789277/applicability-of-a-web-based-individualized-exercise-intervention-in-patients-with-liver-disease-cystic-fibrosis-esophageal-cancer-and-psychiatric-disorders-process-evaluation-of-4-ongoing-clinical-trials
#15
Daniel Pfirrmann, Nils Haller, Yvonne Huber, Patrick Jung, Klaus Lieb, Ines Gockel, Krystyna Poplawska, Jörn Markus Schattenberg, Perikles Simon
BACKGROUND: In the primary and secondary prevention of civilization diseases, regular physical activity is recommended in international guidelines to improve disease-related symptoms, delay the progression of the disease, or to enhance postoperative outcomes. In the preoperative context, there has been a paradigm shift in favor of using preconditioning concepts before surgery. Web-based interventions seem an innovative and effective tool for delivering general information, individualized exercise recommendations, and peer support...
May 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745361/a-window-beneath-the-skin-how-computed-tomography-assessment-of-body-composition-can-assist-in-the-identification-of-hidden-wasting-conditions-in-oncology-that-profoundly-impact-outcomes
#16
L E Daly, C M Prado, A M Ryan
Advancements in image-based technologies and body composition research over the past decade has led to increased understanding of the importance of muscle abnormalities, such as low muscle mass (sarcopenia), and more recently low muscle attenuation (MA), as important prognostic indicators of unfavourable outcomes in patients with cancer. Muscle abnormalities can be highly prevalent in patients with cancer (ranging between 10 and 90 %), depending on the cohort under investigation and diagnostic criteria used...
May 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741571/struggling-with-nutrition-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-nutrition-and-nourishment-focusing-on-metabolism-and-supportive-care
#17
J Arends
Patients with advanced cancer are at high risk of losing vital body resources resulting in malnutrition, immunodeficiency, impaired quality of life and worse clinical outcome. Prominent among the diverse factors contributing to this complex condition are metabolic derangements characterized by systemic inflammation, catabolism and accumulating changes in body composition. Because cure in advanced cancer still remains elusive, optimal supportive and integrated palliative care are required to allow patients to tolerate aggressive or long-term anticancer treatments, to maintain an adequate quality of life or to stay the course of advancing disease...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741296/assessment-and-management-of-bone-health-in-women-with-oestrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-receiving-endocrine-therapy-position-statement-of-the-endocrine-society-of-australia-the-australian-and-new-zealand-bone-mineral-society-the-australasian-menopause
#18
REVIEW
Mathis Grossmann, Sabashini K Ramchand, Frances Milat, Amanda Vincent, Elgene Lim, Mark A Kotowicz, Jill Hicks, Helena Teede
To formulate clinical consensus recommendations on bone health assessment and management of women with oestrogen receptor-positive early breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy, representatives appointed by relevant Australian Medical Societies used a systematic approach for adaptation of guidelines (ADAPTE) to derive an evidence-informed position statement addressing 5 key questions. Women receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitors and the subset of premenopausal woman treated with tamoxifen have accelerated bone loss and increased fracture risk...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740694/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-of-oncologists-and-oncology-health-care-providers-in-promoting-physical-activity-to-cancer-survivors-an-international-survey
#19
Sarah J Hardcastle, Robert Kane, Paola Chivers, Dana Hince, Andrew Dean, Dominic Higgs, Paul A Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate knowledge, attitudes, and practices of oncologists towards physical activity (PA) in cancer survivors, and the association between oncologists' own PA behavior and PA promotion. METHODS: Oncologists (n = 123) completed a survey based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Participants reported PA promotion behavior, PA involvement, attitudes, intentions, social norm, perceived behavioral control (PBC), and confidence and knowledge of exercise prescription...
May 8, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719431/connecting-people-with-cancer-to-physical-activity-and-exercise-programs-a-pathway-to-create-accessibility-and-engagement
#20
D Santa Mina, C M Sabiston, D Au, A J Fong, L C Capozzi, D Langelier, M Chasen, J Chiarotto, J R Tomasone, J M Jones, E Chang, S N Culos-Reed
Recent guidelines concerning exercise for people with cancer provide evidence-based direction for exercise assessment and prescription for clinicians and their patients. Although the guidelines promote exercise integration into clinical care for people with cancer, they do not support strategies for bridging the guidelines with related resources or programs. Exercise program accessibility remains a challenge in implementing the guidelines, but that challenge might be mitigated with conceptual frameworks ("pathways") that connect patients with exercise-related resources...
April 2018: Current Oncology
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