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Exercise AND oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30512975/impact-of-supportive-therapy-modalities-on-heart-rate-variability-in-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#1
Stefano Palma, Mohammad Keilani, Timothy Hasenoehrl, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: To systematically review literature for interventional studies and their impact on autonomic dysfunction assessed by heart rate variability in cancer patients. METHODS: Research was conducted using the databases Medline/Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of science from their inception to October 2017. Original articles with an interventional design that reported changes in at least one heart rate variability parameter as outcome parameter were included and described...
December 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30473048/assessment-of-the-effects-of-walking-as-an-exercise-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-a-feasibility-study
#2
Hsiu-Lan Su, Li-Min Wu, Shyh-Shin Chiou, Pei-Chin Lin, Yu-Mei Liao
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of walking exercise on exercise tolerance, fatigue, sleep quality, and quality of life (QOL) for children and adolescents with cancer. METHODS: A 6-week walking exercise regimen was implemented in pediatric hematological and oncological wards and in clinics of a medical center in Taiwan. A 6-min walk test (6MWT), fatigue, sleep quality, and QOL were measured at baseline and for six subsequent weeks. RESULTS: Adherence to the walking exercise regimen was achieved by 72-89% of the participants in this study...
December 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30473046/an-exercise-program-to-improve-depression-and-sleep-disorders-in-oncology-patients-the-sad-study
#3
Teri M Kozik, Mary C Hickman, Sherri Schmidt, Therese F Connolly, Kim Paustenbach, Paul Vosti, Mouchumi Bhattacharyya
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if a structured supervised outpatient exercise program specifically for cancer patients would be associated with improvements in insomnia and depression after attending for 10-weeks. DESIGN: Descriptive observational study. SAMPLE AND SETTING: 75 adult subjects attended an outpatient hospital based exercise program specifically for cancer patients and coordinated by an exercise physiologist and a physical therapist...
December 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407222/emerging-role-for-kynurenines-in-metabolic-pathologies
#4
Jun-Jun Liu, Jamileh Movassat, Bernard Portha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: So far, the tryptophan catabolites generated in the kynurenine pathway have been mainly studied in relation to oncologic and mental health disorders. The current review provides an update on the emerging biomedical interest for kynurenine pathway activity in the field of energy homeostasis and metabolic diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Kynurenine pathway enzymes are expressed in tissues relevant for energy homeostasis such as fat, skeletal muscle, liver and endocrine pancreas, blood vessel and heart, and are regulated by nutritional and inflammatory signals...
November 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382392/sensorimotor-training-and-whole-body-vibration-training-have-the-potential-to-reduce-motor-and-sensory-symptoms-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#5
Fiona Streckmann, H C Lehmann, M Balke, A Schenk, M Oberste, A Heller, A Schürhörster, T Elter, W Bloch, F T Baumann
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a prevalent and clinically relevant side effect of chemotherapy. The symptoms diminish patients' quality of life and represent a decisive limiting factor for medical therapy. To date, effective treatment options are lacking. Specific exercise interventions have proven promising to target relevant symptoms. We conducted a prospective, four-armed, randomized, controlled trial, to evaluate the effects of sensorimotor training (SMT) and whole-body vibration training (WBV) on patients with CIPN...
October 31, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334228/moving-into-the-next-era-of-pet-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-introduction-of-novel-18-f-labeled-tracers
#6
REVIEW
Rudolf A Werner, Xinyu Chen, Steven P Rowe, Constantin Lapa, Mehrbod S Javadi, Takahiro Higuchi
The heart failure epidemic continues to rise with coronary artery disease as one of its main causes. Novel concepts for risk stratification to guide the referring cardiologist towards revascularization procedures are of significant value. Myocardial perfusion imaging using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) agents has demonstrated high accuracy for the detection of clinically relevant stenoses. With positron emission tomography (PET) becoming more widely available, mainly due to its diagnostic performance in oncology, perfusion imaging with that modality is more practical than in the past and overcomes existing limitations of SPECT MPI...
October 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300197/don-t-just-blame-it-on-the-veins-an-update-on-vascular-exertional-limb-pain
#7
Kevin T Dyer, Christopher P Hogrefe
Exertional limb pain is a common problem encountered in recreational and competitive athletes. Affecting both the upper and lower extremities, this broad entity can be musculoskeletal, vascular, neurologic, oncologic, or infectious in origin. This article focuses on the vascular causes of exercise-related extremity pain, which encompass a cadre of elusive diagnoses. Specifically, we examine arterial endofibrosis, popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, and chronic exertional compartment syndrome of both the upper and lower extremities...
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280204/-preconditioning-prior-to-visceral-oncological-surgery-a-paradigm-shift-in-visceral-surgery
#8
REVIEW
D Pfirrmann, P Simon, M Mehdorn, M Hänsig, S Stehr, L Selig, A Weimann, M Knödler, F Lordick, A Mehnert, I Gockel
BACKGROUND: Postoperative complications after complex visceral oncological surgery can lead to substantial impairment of patients. In addition, preoperative physical performance and the severity of postoperative complications determine the long-term recovery process of physical function. Therefore, preconditioning in the preoperative period should be an important part of the preoperative/neoadjuvant treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is a critical appraisal of current concepts of prehabilitation as well as their development potential and applicability in visceral surgery...
November 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275645/self-management-strategies-for-malignant-lymphedema-a-case-report-with-1-year-and-4-year-follow-up-data
#9
Shirin M Shallwani, Anna Towers
Purpose: Malignant lymphedema is an accumulation of interstitial fluid caused by tumour infiltration or compression of lymphatic vessels. Our objective is to describe self-management strategies for malignant lymphedema using a case report. Client Description: A 50-year-old woman with advanced breast cancer was referred to our centre with a 3-month history of unexplained left-arm edema, subsequently diagnosed as malignant lymphedema caused by tumour compression of the axillary lymph nodes. Intervention: She undertook a physiotherapist-guided, modified lymphedema treatment programme, with self-management interventions including self-bandaging and exercise...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261853/engaging-the-older-cancer-patient-patient-activation-through-counseling-exercise-and-mobilization-pancreatic-biliary-tract-and-lung-cancer-pace-mobil-pbl-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Marta Kramer Mikkelsen, Cecilia Margareta Lund, Anders Vinther, Anders Tolver, Anne-Mette Ragle, Julia Sidenius Johansen, Inna Chen, Lotte Engell-Noerregaard, Finn Ole Larsen, Bo Zerahn, Dorte Lisbet Nielsen, Mary Jarden
BACKGROUND: Several intervention studies have demonstrated that exercise training has beneficial effects among cancer patients. However, older cancer patients are underrepresented in clinical trials, and only few exercise-based studies have focused specifically on older patients with cancer. In particular, research investigating the effects of exercise training among older patients with advanced cancer is lacking. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the effect of a 12-week multimodal and exercise-based intervention among older patients (≥65 years) with advanced pancreatic, biliary tract or lung cancer, who are treated with first-line palliative chemotherapy, immunotherapy or targeted therapy...
September 27, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257888/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-association-of-clinical-indices-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-function-with-breast-cancer-treatment-and-exercise-training
#11
Amy A Kirkham, Matthew G Lloyd, Victoria E Claydon, Karen A Gelmon, Donald C McKenzie, Kristin L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction is an early marker for cardiovascular disease. Anthracycline chemotherapy and left-sided radiation for breast cancer are associated with negative autonomic function changes. This study's objectives were to characterize changes in, and the association of exercise training with, clinical indices of cardiovascular autonomic function across the trajectory of breast cancer therapy. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy participated to varying degrees in supervised aerobic and resistance exercise during chemotherapy ± radiation and for 20 weeks after...
September 26, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255558/interventions-for-prostate-cancer-survivorship-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#12
REVIEW
Fiona Crawford-Williams, Sonja March, Belinda C Goodwin, Nicholas Ralph, Daniel A Galvão, Robert U Newton, Suzanne K Chambers, Jeff Dunn
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence for interventions addressing key domains of the American Cancer Society (ACS) and American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Prostate Cancer Survivorship Care Guidelines: health promotion, surveillance, physical side effects, psychosocial management, and care coordination. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of interventions targeting ACS/ASCO guideline domains. All titles and abstracts were independently assessed for inclusion based on predetermined criteria...
October 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239528/clinical-trials-nursing-roles-during-the-approval-process-and-pharmacovigilance-of-biosimilars
#13
Jazel Sugay
BACKGROUND: The development of biosimilars is occurring more rapidly as patents on biologics expire. Oncology nurses will have an integral role in the new era of biosimilars regarding administration and education. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to review the role of the oncology nurse during biosimilar clinical trials, including regulatory guidelines, comparability exercise, clinical trial designs, and extrapolation of clinical trial data. This article also reviews pharmacovigilance...
October 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30233121/home-based-yoga-program-for-the-patients-suffering-from-malignant-lymphoma-during-chemotherapy-a-feasibility-study
#14
Gurpreet Kaur, Gaurav Prakash, Pankaj Malhotra, Sandhya Ghai, Sukhpal Kaur, Mahender Singh, Kulbeer Kaur
Background: Yoga is proven beneficial in improving quality of life among breast cancer survivors receiving chemotherapy, but its effectiveness in lymphoma patients needs to be explored. As chemotherapy-induced neutropenia is very common among lymphoma patients, they are much prone to infections from the environment. Furthermore, trained yoga instructors are not available in every setting, so there is a need to develop home-based yoga program modules for lymphoma patients receiving chemotherapy...
September 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30225572/establishing-an-integrative-oncology-service-in-the-australian-healthcare-setting-the-chris-o-brien-lifehouse-hospital-experience
#15
Suzanne J Grant, Michael Marthick, Judith Lacey
Comprehensive cancer centres are on the rise as patients seek a more holistic approach to maintaining their wellbeing when living with a cancer diagnosis. Many cancer centres worldwide now incorporate a selection of evidence-based complementary therapies and qualified therapists into their offerings. The Chris O'Brien Lifehouse, a comprehensive cancer centre in Sydney, Australia, provides integrative oncology services including acupuncture, massage, reflexology, dietetics and exercise physiology for individual patients, along with group programmes, and an integrative and supportive care medical specialist...
September 17, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218787/exercise-training-in-childhood-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Javier S Morales, Pedro L Valenzuela, Cecilia Rincón-Castanedo, Tim Takken, Carmen Fiuza-Luces, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Alejandro Lucia
INTRODUCTION: Physical capacity and quality of life (QoL) are typically impaired in children/adolescents with cancer. Our primary objective was to examine the effects of exercise training performed after diagnosis of any type of pediatric cancer on physical capacity-related endpoints, survival, disease relapse and adverse effects. METHODS: (a) Search and selection criteria: Systematic review in Pubmed and Web of Science (until August 2018) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise interventions in children with cancer during treatment or within one year after its end...
November 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208857/effects-of-whole-body-electromyostimulation-combined-with-individualized-nutritional-support-on-body-composition-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-controlled-pilot-trial
#17
Kristin Schink, Hans J Herrmann, Raphaela Schwappacher, Julia Meyer, Till Orlemann, Elisabeth Waldmann, Bernd Wullich, Andreas Kahlmeyer, Rainer Fietkau, Dorota Lubgan, Matthias W Beckmann, Carolin Hack, Wolfgang Kemmler, Jürgen Siebler, Markus F Neurath, Yurdagül Zopf
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise and nutritional treatment are promising measures to prevent muscle wasting that is frequently observed in advanced-stage cancer patients. However, conventional exercise is not always suitable for these patients due to physical weakness and therapeutic side effects. In this pilot study, we examined the effect of a combined approach of the novel training method whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) and individualized nutritional support on body composition with primary focus on skeletal muscle mass in advanced cancer patients under oncological treatment...
September 12, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187281/controversies-in-surgical-oncology-does-the-minimally-invasive-approach-for-rectal-cancer-provide-equivalent-oncologic-outcomes-compared-with-the-open-approach
#18
Robert K Cleary, Arden M Morris, George J Chang, Amy L Halverson
BACKGROUND: Compared with open surgery, minimally invasive surgery for colon cancer has been shown to improve short-term outcomes and yield equivalent long-term oncologic results. It remains to be seen if oncologic outcomes for the minimally invasive approach for rectal cancer are equivalent to traditional open rectal resection. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of Medline, SCOPUS, and Cochrane databases. Relevant studies were selected using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
September 5, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175052/cardio-oncology-protecting-the-heart-from-curative-breast-cancer-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Jenica N Upshaw
Patients with breast cancer have higher rates of cardiovascular disease than age-matched controls. Anthracyclines and trastuzumab increase the risk of heart failure (HF) and radiation increases the risk of ischemic heart disease, valvular disease and HF. Older age, low normal ejection fraction, history of coronary artery disease (CAD), cardiac risk factors, higher cumulative anthracycline exposure, combination anthracycline and trastuzumab and/or radiation all increase the risk of cardiac events post treatment...
August 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159044/outbreak-column-22-how-to-manage-an-outbreak
#20
Evonne T Curran
This outbreak column uses the Health Protection Scotland (HPS) Outbreak Process and Algorithm to examine and reflect on a published outbreak report. The report involved an extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in an oncology unit. High-reliability theory is then used to reflect on how the outbreak was managed and consider how best to improve local outbreak prevention, preparedness, detection and management. The conclusion of this exercise is that if the possibility of an era of untreatable infections caused by antibiotic-resistant organisms is to be significantly postponed, Infection Prevention and Control Teams must improve their ability to get others to prevent cross-transmission in the absence of recognised risks...
September 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
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