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Nikolaj Frost, Antje Tessmer, Alexander Schmittel, Vincent van Laak, Matthias Raspe, Christoph Ruwwe-Glösenkamp, Matthias Brunn, Carolin Senger, Dirk Böhmer, Sebastian Ochsenreither, Bettina Temmesfeld-Wollbrück, Christian Furth, Bernd Schmidt, Jens Neudecker, Jens-Carsten Rückert, Norbert Suttorp, Martin Witzenrath, Christian Grohé
INTRODUCTION: Local ablative treatment (LAT) improves outcome in lung cancer with oligometastatic disease (OMD) and potentially leads to long term survival. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate and quantify the additional benefit of LAT in synchronous OMD and to further identify prognostic factors for survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A propensity score-matched pairs analysis was performed on a set of patient and disease variables in 180 patients, treated for synchronous single organ OMD including non small-cell and neuroendocrine lung cancer with ≤4 metastases between 2000 and 2016 in 3 lung cancer centers in Berlin, Germany...
November 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Xinzhu Wei, Jianzhi Zhang
Theory predicts that the fitness of an individual is maximized when the genetic distance between its parents (i.e., mating distance) is neither too small nor too large. However, decades of research have generally failed to validate this prediction or identify the optimal mating distance (OMD). Respectively analyzing large numbers of crosses of fungal, plant, and animal model organisms, we indeed find the hybrid phenotypic value a humped quadratic polynomial function of the mating distance for the vast majority of fitness-related traits examined, with different traits of the same species exhibiting similar OMDs...
November 2018: Science Advances
Takumi Tashima, Satoru Nagatoishi, Jose M M Caaveiro, Makoto Nakakido, Hiroshi Sagara, Osamu Kusano-Arai, Hiroko Iwanari, Hitomi Mimuro, Takao Hamakubo, Shin-Ichi Ohnuma, Kouhei Tsumoto
Small leucine-rich repeat proteoglycan (SLRP) proteins have an important role in the organization of the extracellular matrix, especially in the formation of collagen fibrils. However, the mechanism governing the shape of collagen fibrils is poorly understood. Here, we report that the protein Osteomodulin (OMD) of the SLRP family is a monomeric protein in solution that interacts with type-I collagen. This interaction is dominated by weak electrostatic forces employing negatively charged residues of OMD, in particular Glu284 and Glu303, and controlled by entropic factors...
2018: Communications biology
Zongyi Wu, Sheji Weng, Deyi Yan, Zhongjie Xie, Qiang Zhou, Hang Li, Bingli Bai, Viraj Boodhun, Zijian Shen, Jiahao Tang, Lingling Zhou, Zhoushan Tao, Lei Yang
To explore the effect of cinnamaldehyde on the distal femur in ovariectomized rats and its influence on osteoblast in vitro. Female Sprague-Dawley rats which underwent either bilateral ovariectomy or sham operation were divided into five groups randomly: group OVX (OVX, N = 10) and group sham (SHAM, N = 10) received normal saline (NS) by gavage at a dose of 50 ml/kg·d; group low dose, group middle dose and group high dose received cinnamaldehyde by gavage at a dose of 25 mg/kg·d (OLD, N = 10), 50 mg/kg·d (OMD, N = 10), and 75 mg/kg·d (OHD, N = 10) respectively...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Y C Zhou, H Y Zheng, H Z Liu, W N Pan, J Q Feng, X X Liu
Objective: To study the correlation of occupation musculoskeletal disease (OMD) and safety behavior in assembly line workers. Methods: Selected assembly line workers of 3 manufacturing factory in Pacity as the objects of this study by judgement sampling. Questionnaires were used for messages collection including the general sociodemographic characteristic, OMD condition, occupational safety behaviors. Results: This study shows that, 826 OMD workers were found that the annual prevalence was 38.03%. The scores of work posture, handling habits, health habit in OMD group was lower than non-OMD group ( P <0...
July 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Chenia Caldeira Martinez, Tássia Tonon, Tatiéle Nalin, Lilia Farret Refosco, Carolina Fischinger Moura de Souza, Ida Vanessa Doederlein Schwartz
Hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are inborn errors of metabolism whose dietary treatment involves uncooked cornstarch administration and restriction of simple carbohydrate intake. The prevalence of feeding difficulties (FDs) and orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMDs) in these patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of FDs and OMDs in GSD. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, prospective study of 36 patients (19 males; median age, 12...
September 22, 2018: JIMD Reports
F J W C Schaafstra, D A van Doorn, J T Schonewille, R van den Boom, M Verschuur, M C Blok, W H Hendriks
In equines, Cr2O3 is widely accepted as an indigestible marker, but there are health concerns regarding the carcinogenic properties of Cr2O3. Recently, TiO2 has been suggested to be an alternative digestibility marker in equines. However, a comparison between Cr2O3 and TiO2 has not been made in equines. Six Welsh pony geldings (initial BW: 254±3 kg; 7 years of age) fed chopped alfalfa hay were used to evaluate the use of TiO2 (Ti) and Cr2O3 (Cr) as markers for calculating apparent digestibility and to investigate the effect of frequency of marker administration on the measurement of digestibility values...
September 3, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Nandita M deSouza, Clare M Tempany
Recognition of <3 metastases in <2 organs, particularly in cancers with a known predisposition to oligometastatic disease (OMD) (colorectal, prostate, renal, sarcoma and lung), offers the opportunity to focally treat the lesions identified and confers a survival advantage. The reliability with which OMD is identified depends on the sensitivity of the imaging technique used for detection and may be predicted from phenotypic and genetic factors of the primary tumour, which determine metastatic risk. Whole-body or organ-specific imaging to identify oligometastases requires optimization to achieve maximal sensitivity...
August 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Sarah B Rockswold, Philip C Burton, Amy Chang, Nova McNally, Andrea Grant, Gaylan L Rockswold, Walter C Low, Lynn E Eberly, Essa Yacoub, Christophe Lenglet
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a significant cause of disability, especially when symptoms become chronic. This chronicity is often linked to oculomotor dysfunction (OMD). To our knowledge, this is the first prospective study to localize aberrations in brain function between mTBI cohorts, by comparing patients with mTBI with OMD with an mTBI control group without OMD, using task and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Ten subjects with mTBI who had OMD (OMD group) were compared with nine subjects with mTBI who had no findings of OMD (control group)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Ryo Iwamura, Masayuki Tanaka, Eiji Okanari, Tomoko Kirihara, Noriko Odani-Kawabata, Naveed Shams, Kenji Yoneda
EP2 receptor agonists are expected to be effective ocular hypotensive agents; however, it has been suggested that agonism to other EP receptor subtypes may lead to undesirable effects. Through medicinal chemistry efforts, we identified a scaffold bearing a (pyridin-2-ylamino)acetic acid moiety as a promising EP2-selective receptor agonist. (6-((4-(Pyrazol-1-yl)benzyl)(pyridin-3-ylsulfonyl)aminomethyl)pyridin-2-ylamino)acetic acid 13ax (omidenepag, OMD) exerted potent and selective activity toward the human EP2 receptor (h-EP2)...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Frank Schneider, Lavi Erisson, Hooman Beygi, Margaret Bradbury, Orit Cohen-Barak, Igor D Grachev, Serge Guzy, Pippa S Loupe, Micha Levi, Mirna McDonald, Juha-Matti Savola, Spyros Papapetropoulos, William G Tracewell, Maria Velinova, Ofer Spiegelstein
AIMS: SD-1077, a selectively deuterated precursor of dopamine (DA) structurally related to L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), is under development for treatment of motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Preclinical models have shown slower metabolism of central deuterated DA. The present study investigated the peripheral pharmacokinetics (PK), metabolism and safety of SD-1077. METHODS: Plasma and urine PK of drug and metabolites and safety after a single oral 150 mg SD-1077 dose were compared to 150 mg L-DOPA, each in combination with 37...
October 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
M Abbasi, Y Rouzbehan, J Rezaei, S E Jacobsen
This study assessed the influence of wilting, lactobacillus (LAB) and / or molasses on the chemical composition, phenolic compounds, in situ degradability and in vitro ruminal fermentation parameters of amaranth (var. Maria) silage using a randomized complete block design with 6 replicates. Treatments were fresh amaranth forage (FAF), ensiled amaranth without additive (EA), EA inoculated with LAB (EAB), EA + 5% of molasses (EAM), EA inoculated with LAB + 5% of molasses (EABM) and 24-h wilted EA (WEA). The ensiled materials were stored anaerobically for a period of 45 d...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Linda Slaim, Myriam Cohen, Patrick Klap, Marie Vidailhet, Alain Perrin, Daniel Brasnu, Denis Ayache, Marie Mailly
OBJECTIVE: To report demographic data from a large cohort of patients with oromandibular dystonia (OMD). METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with OMD referred to our institution between 1989 and 2015. Demographic (age of onset, gender, and familial history of dystonia) and clinical (type of OMD, associated dystonia, and etiology of dystonia) data were collected from a cohort of 240 individuals. RESULTS: The mean age of onset of OMD was 51...
May 2018: Journal of Movement Disorders
Letizia Scarponi, Claudia Maria de Felicio, Chiarella Sforza, Claudia Lucia Pimenta Ferreira, Daniela Ginocchio, Nicole Pizzorni, Stefania Barozzi, Francesco Mozzanica, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Italian OMES (I-OMES). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 3 phases: (1) internal consistency and reliability, (2) validity, and (3) responsiveness analysis. The recruited population included 27 patients with orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMD) and 174 healthy volunteers. Forty-seven subjects, 18 healthy and all recruited patients with OMD were assessed for inter-rater and test-retest reliability analysis...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Umberto Raucci, Pasquale Parisi, Nicola Vanacore, Valentina Ferro, Giacomo Garone, Federica Sancetta, Sergio Petroni, Stefano Pro, Rossella Rossi, Antonino Reale, Nicola Pirozzi
BACKGROUND: Acute ocular motility disorders (OMDs) in children admitted to Emergency Department (ED) represents a not so rare condition with a wide spectrum of different etiologies. The emergency physician must be skilled in rapidly identifying patients with potentially life threatening (LT) forms, requiring further diagnostic procedures. The aim of the study was to assess characteristics of children with acute Ocular Motility Disorders (OMDs), and to identify "red flags" for recognition of underlying life-threatening (LT) conditions...
May 29, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Shinpei Matsuda, Hitoshi Yoshimura, Kazuo Sano
Dystonia affecting the perioral and pharyngeal regions is called oromandibular dystonia (OMD). OMD can affect the jaw muscles and may cause trismus, mouth-closing disturbance, tooth wear/loss, and damage to the oral soft tissues and temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This case history reports a case of jaw-closing OMD accompanied by trismus-related TMJ osteoarthritis (OA). In the present case history, treatment for OMD was started as soon as the diagnosis of jaw-closing OMD was established, and dental treatment intervention for preventing its development or progression was considered at the same time...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Marie Christou-Kent, Zine-Eddine Kherraf, Amir Amiri-Yekta, Emilie Le Blévec, Thomas Karaouzène, Béatrice Conne, Jessica Escoffier, Said Assou, Audrey Guttin, Emeline Lambert, Guillaume Martinez, Magalie Boguenet, Selima Fourati Ben Mustapha, Isabelle Cedrin Durnerin, Lazhar Halouani, Ouafi Marrakchi, Mounir Makni, Habib Latrous, Mahmoud Kharouf, Charles Coutton, Nicolas Thierry-Mieg, Serge Nef, Serge P Bottari, Raoudha Zouari, Jean Paul Issartel, Pierre F Ray, Christophe Arnoult
The genetic causes of oocyte meiotic deficiency (OMD), a form of primary infertility characterised by the production of immature oocytes, remain largely unexplored. Using whole exome sequencing, we found that 26% of a cohort of 23 subjects with OMD harboured the same homozygous nonsense pathogenic mutation in PATL2 , a gene encoding a putative RNA-binding protein. Using Patl2 knockout mice, we confirmed that PATL2 deficiency disturbs oocyte maturation, since oocytes and zygotes exhibit morphological and developmental defects, respectively...
May 2018: EMBO Molecular Medicine
N Musco, S Calabrò, F Roberti, R Grazioli, R Tudisco, P Lombardi, M I Cutrignelli
Six Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall samples were tested by the in vitro gas production technique using dog faeces as inoculum. In particular, the substrates resulted from three different production processes (alcoholic_A, bakers_BA and brewers_BR) and were characterized by two different carbohydrates (mannans + glucans) concentrations nitrogen-free extract (NFE high and low). Gas production of fermenting cultures was recorded for 72 hr to estimate the fermentation profiles. The organic matter degradability (OMD), fermentation liquor pH, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) and ammonia (NH3 ) productions were also measured...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Laura M Scorr, Michael R Silver, John Hanfelt, Elaine Sperin, Alan Freeman, H A Jinnah, Stewart A Factor
Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) causes involuntary movements of masticatory and lingual muscles impairing eating, speaking, and swallowing. Treatment options are limited. The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of abobotulinumtoxinA (aboBoNTA) in OMD. A dose-finding study (phase 1) followed by a single session, prospective, single-blind trial (phase 2) was carried out. OMD subjects were evaluated at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Muscles injected were tailored to individual symptoms using EMG guidance, but the aboBoNTA dose for each muscle was pre-specified based on phase 1 results...
April 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
F J W C Schaafstra, D A van Doorn, J T Schonewille, E Roelfsema, C M Westermann, O Dansen, M Jacobs, J-Y Lee, E A Spronck, M C Blok, W H Hendriks
Exercise and physical training are known to affect gastrointestinal function and digestibility in horses and can lead to inaccurate estimates of nutrient and energy digestibility when markers are used. The effect of exercise on apparent nutrient digestibility and faecal recoveries of ADL and TiO2 was studied in six Welsh pony geldings subjected to either a low- (LI) or high-intensity (HI) exercise regime according to a cross-over design. Ponies performing LI exercise were walked once per day for 45 min in a horse walker (5 km/h) for 47 consecutive days...
March 7, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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