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Seong Joon Ahn, Jooyoung Joung, Sang Hyup Lee, Byung Ro Lee
BACKGROUND: Cystoid macular oedema (CMO) is an uncommon complication associated with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy threatening central vision. We report a patient with HCQ retinopathy and CMO, for which an intravitreal dexamethasone implant was used, which led to complete resolution of oedema. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complaining of blurred vision in both eyes was diagnosed with bilateral HCQ retinopathy and CMO based on characteristic photoreceptor defects and cystoid spaces on optical coherence tomography, hypo-autofluorescence on fundus autofluorescence, and corresponding visual field defects...
December 6, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Sulagna Bandyopadhyay, Srishti Sinha, Sumithra Selvam, Anura V Kurpad, Rebecca Kuriyan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Some cereals, consumed at breakfast, have shown lower glycemic responses. Limited data exist in the Indian context, where the effect could be modified due to genetic or racial differences. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cereal and milk, with or without fruits/nuts, on the glycemic response in healthy Indian men. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A randomized cross-over study was carried out on 16 men (18 - 45 years), with 3 interventions providing equal amounts of glycemic carbohydrate: a glucose drink (Reference), cereal and milk (CM), and cereal, milk, fruits and nuts (CMO), on separate days...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ji Rak Kim, Jung Hwan Jo, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
BACKGROUND: To investigate the differences in clinical characteristics and long-term treatment outcomes according to antinuclear antibody(ANA) and rheumatoid factor(RF) positivity and the correlation between pain-related and hematological indices in temporomandibular disorders(TMD) patients. METHODS: Clinical examinations were done following the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD in 257 patients. Comprehensive screening along with psychological and hematological evaluations (ANA, RF, complete blood cell count, C-reactive protein[CRP] and erythrocyte sedimentation rate[ESR]) were conducted...
November 22, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Zijian Xu, Mengli Sun, Xuefei Jiang, Huapeng Sun, Xuanmin Dang, Hanqing Cong, Fei Qiao
Glycinebetaine is an important non-toxic osmoprotectant, which is accumulated in higher plants under various stresses. The biosynthesis of glycinebetaine achieved via is a two-step oxidation from choline and betaine aldehyde, catalyzed by choline monooxygenase (CMO) and betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH), respectively. Up-regulated gene expression of BADH and CMO induced by stress is clearly observed, but the signal transduction is poorly understood. Here, glycinebetaine accumulation in response to osmotic stress and growth recovery induced by exogenous glycinebetaine were observed in a watermelon cell line...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
B Lalić, A Firanj Sremac, L Dekić, J Eitzinger, D Perišić
A probabilistic crop forecast based on ensembles of crop model output (CMO) estimates offers a myriad of possible realizations and probabilistic forecasts of green water components (precipitation and evapotranspiration), crop yields and green water footprints (GWFs) on monthly or seasonal scales. The present paper presents part of the results of an ongoing study related to the application of ensemble forecasting concepts for agricultural production. The methodology used to produce the ensemble CMO using the ensemble seasonal weather forecasts as the crop model input meteorological data without the perturbation of initial soil or crop conditions is presented and tested for accuracy, as are its results...
July 2018: Journal of Agricultural Science
Joseph W Bennett, Diamond T Jones, Robert J Hamers, Sara E Mason
Compositional tuning of nanoscale complex metal oxides (CMOs) can lead to enhanced performance and favorable properties for a variety of energy-related applications. However, investigations of the nanoscale CMOs used in energy storage technologies demonstrate that these nanomaterials may have an adverse biological impact, highlighting a fundamental knowledge gap between nanomaterial design and the structure and properties at the end of life. CMO nanomaterials can enter the environment due to improper disposal, where they undergo subsequent (as of yet poorly understood) nanoscale transformations that may affect biological response and, ultimately, environmental fate...
November 5, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Csaba Móczár, Imre Rurik
BACKGROUND: In Hungary, since 1990, each government has tried to transform and rationalize the structure of health care. One of the reforms was the Care Managing Organization (CMO) programme introduced in 1999. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the regional, environmental, structural and preliminary health related outcomes of the CMO in Bács-Kiskun County (Central-Eastern Hungary). METHODS: First, cardiovascular screening programmes were organized for pre-screened and randomly selected populations of a total of 4462 persons...
October 8, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Javier Carrillo-Campos, Héctor Riveros-Rosas, Rogelio Rodríguez-Sotres, Rosario A Muñoz-Clares
Few land plants can synthesize and accumulate the osmoprotectant glycine betaine (GB) even though this metabolic trait has major adaptive importance given the prevalence of drought, hypersaline soils or cold. GB is synthesized from choline in two reactions catalyzed by choline monooxygenases (CMOs) and enzymes of the family 10 of aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDH10s) that gained betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (BADH). Homolog genes encoding CMO and ALDH10 enzymes are present in all known land plant genomes, but since GB-non-accumulators plants lack the BADH-type ALDH10 isozyme, they would be expected to also lack the CMO activity to avoid accumulation of the toxic betaine aldehyde...
2018: PloS One
Adrian O'Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Paramasivam Balasubramanian, T S T Balamurugan, Shen-Ming Chen, Tse-Wei Chen
Design and fabrication of cost effective analytical tools to monitor toxic organic emissions in eco system is of a great necessity. Nitrophenols are a class of widespread toxic organic pollutant lead to serious adverse effects in biosphere on its consumption. This article reports a high sensitive, cost effective, robust electrochemical sensor for 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) in environmental water samples. A novel sheet like CoMnO3 (CMO Ns) nanocatalyst was synthesized via oxalic acid assisted co-precipitation technique and employed as electrocatalyst for the high sensitive detection of 4-NP...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Mahmut Kaya, Derya Kaya, Egemen Idiman, Nilufer Kocak, Taylan Ozturk, Ziya Ayhan, Zekiye Altun, Suleyman Kaynak
PURPOSE: To determine whether serum chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels correlate with serous retinal detachment (SRD) in diabetic macular edema (DME) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: In this cross-sectional case-control study, 394 patients (treatment-naive DME patients, n = 218; diabetic patients without DME, n = 96; nondiabetic controls, n = 80) were included in the study. Eyes were classified according to SD-OCT features of DME: SRD, cystoid macular edema (CMO), and diffuse retinal thickness (DRT)...
August 21, 2018: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
Aatif Alam, Linda Jiang, Gregory A Kittleson, Kenneth D Steadman, Somen Nandi, Joshua L Fuqua, Kenneth E Palmer, Daniel Tusé, Karen A McDonald
Griffithsin is a marine algal lectin that exhibits broad-spectrum antiviral activity by binding oligomannose glycans on viral envelope glycoproteins, including those found in HIV-1, HSV-2, SARS, HCV and other enveloped viruses. An efficient, scalable and cost-effective manufacturing process for Griffithsin is essential for the adoption of this drug in human antiviral prophylaxis and therapy, particularly in cost-sensitive indications such as topical microbicides for HIV-1 prevention. The production of certain classes of recombinant biologics in plants can offer scalability, cost and environmental impact advantages over traditional biomanufacturing platforms...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Abhijit Lele, Chong Cheever, Larry Healey, Kellie Hurley, Louis J Kim, Claire J Creutzfeldt
INTRODUCTION: Transition to comfort measures only (CMO) is common in the neurocritical care unit, and close communication between interdisciplinary health-care teams is vital to a smooth transition. We developed and implemented a CMO huddle in an effort to reduce inconsistencies during the process of CMO transition. METHODS: The CMO huddle was a multiphase quality improvement project in a neurocritical care unit of a level-1 trauma and comprehensive stroke center...
July 24, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Alastair C Graham, Sean McAleer
This article describes the key features of realist (realistic) evaluation and illustrates their application using, as an example, a simulation-based course for final year medical students. The use of simulation-based education (SBE) is increasing and so too is the evidence supporting its value as a powerful technique which can lead to substantial educational benefits. Accompanying these changes is a call for research into its use to be more theory-driven and to investigate both 'Did it work?' and as importantly 'Why did it work (or not)?' An evaluation methodology that is capable of answering both questions is realist evaluation...
2018: Advances in Simulation
Pratuyasha Dutta, Tulsidas G Shrivastav, Sonu Chand Thakur
In order to develop ELISA for medroxyprogesterone acetate, medroxyprogesterone acetate-3-carboxymethyloxime (MPA-3-CMO) was coupled to bovine serum albumin (BSA) for immunogen preparation and to horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for enzyme conjugate preparation by N-hydroxysuccinimide mediated carbodiimide reaction. The immunogen was used to raise the antiserum in New Zealand white rabbit. The immunoreactivity of MPA-3-CMO-BSA-antibody and MPA-3-CMO-HRP enzyme conjugate was checked by checkerboard assay. The MPA-3-CMO-HRP enzyme conjugate and MPA-3-CMO-BSA-antibody were used for further development, standardization and validation of the assay...
October 1, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Fadi Alfaqawi, Ambreen Sarmad, Kholoud Ayesh, Arijit Mitra, Ash Sharma
Cystoid macular oedema (CMO) is one of the most frequent postoperative macular complications to cause partial visual recovery after successful retinal detachment (RD) repair. Refractory CMO is difficult to treat and many strategies have been employed with varying degrees of success. We report for the first time the use of ILUVIEN implant to treat refractory CMO after successful RD repair. A 65-year-old female presented with right eye full-thickness macular hole and underwent pars plana vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane peeling and cryotherapy with gas tamponade with 12% C3F8...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
I E Ioshin, A I Tolchinskaya, A M Bagirov
Pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CMO) known to appear in 0.1-2.35% of patients after phacoemulsification is one of the common causes of vision decrease during postoperative period. The authors analyzed a case of CMO development in a pseudophakic patient diagnosed 7 months after uncomplicated phacoemulsification. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was suggested for patients with low vision and a sensation of shroud before the eye for early diagnosis of pathological process. Intravitreal injection of the 0...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Cora H Ormseth, Guido J Falcone, Sara D Jasak, David M Mampre, Audrey C Leasure, Laura C Miyares, David Y Hwang, Michael L James, Fernando D Testai, Kyra J Becker, David L Tirschwell, Carl D Langefeld, Daniel Woo, Kevin N Sheth
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of patients in the intensive care unit have suggested racial/ethnic variation in end-of-life decision making. We sought to evaluate whether race/ethnicity modifies the implementation of comfort measures only status (CMOs) in patients with spontaneous, non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: We analyzed data from the Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ERICH) study, a prospective cohort study specifically designed to enroll equal numbers of white, black, and Hispanic subjects...
June 8, 2018: Neurocritical Care
John A Ford, Andy Jones, Geoff Wong, Allan Clark, Tom Porter, Nick Steel
BACKGROUND: Realist approaches seek to answer questions such as 'how?', 'why?', 'for whom?', 'in what circumstances?' and 'to what extent?' interventions 'work' using context-mechanism-outcome (CMO) configurations. Quantitative methods are not well-established in realist approaches, but structural equation modelling (SEM) may be useful to explore CMO configurations. Our aim was to assess the feasibility and appropriateness of SEM to explore CMO configurations and, if appropriate, make recommendations based on our access to primary care research...
June 19, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Allison J Cox, Polly J Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the current advances in our understanding or the genetic basis of nonbacterial osteomyelitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a complex genetic disorder. Past discoveries identified several single gene defects (LPIN2, Pstpip2 and IL1RN) that cause IL-1-mediated sterile multifocal osteomyelitis. Recently Lorden et al.'s studies show that LIPIN2 deficiency can activate the NLRP3 inflammasome through alterations in the function of P2X7 receptor providing evidence that Majeed syndrome is an NLRP3 inflammasomopathy...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
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