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Emotion regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156359/emotion-regulation-deficits-in-persons-with-body-focused-repetitive-behavior-disorders
#1
Jennifer R Alexander, David C Houghton, Christopher C Bauer, Heather C Lench, Douglas W Woods
BACKGROUND: Conceptualizations of emotion dysregulation (ED) and body-focused repetitive behavior disorders (BFRBDs) imply that ED may be a central component of BFRBDs as well as a factor that distinguishes BFRBDs from non-impairing, subclinical body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs). The current study empirically tested these observations. METHODS: One hundred thirty-eight undergraduates (of 1900 who completed a screening survey) completed self-report measures assessing four emotion regulation (ER) deficits hypothesized to underlie ED (alexithymia, maladaptive emotional reactivity, experiential avoidance, and response inhibition when distressed); 34 of these participants had BFRBDs, 64 had subclinical BFRBs, and 42 were unaffected by BFRBs...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155981/des-acyl-ghrelin-decreases-anxiety-like-behavior-in-male-mice
#2
Parinaz Mahbod, Eric P Smith, Maureen E Fitzgerald, Rachel L Morano, Benjamin A Packard, Sriparna Ghosal, Jessie R Scheimann, Diego Perez-Tilve, James P Herman, Jenny Tong
Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid polypeptide that regulates feeding, glucose metabolism and emotionality (stress, anxiety and depression). Plasma ghrelin circulates as desacyl ghrelin (DAG) or in an acylated form, acyl ghrelin (AG), through the actions of Ghrelin -O-Acyltransferase (GOAT), exhibiting low or high affinity, respectively, for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR1a). We investigated the role of endogenous AG, DAG and GHSR1a signaling on anxiety and stress responses using ghrelin knockout (Ghr KO), GOAT KO, and Ghsr-stop-floxed (Ghsr null) mice...
November 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154930/suicide-attempts-in-children-and-adolescents-the-place-of-clock-genes-and-early-rhythm-dysfunction
#3
Bertrand Olliac, Lisa Ouss, Annaëlle Charrier
Suicide remains one of the leading causes of death among young people, and suicidal ideation and behavior are relatively common in healthy and clinical populations. Suicide risk in childhood and adolescence is often approached from the perspective of nosographic categories to which predictive variables for suicidal acts are often linked. The cascading effects resulting from altered clock genes in a pediatric population could participate in biological rhythm abnormalities and the emergence of suicide attempts through impaired regulation of circadian rhythms and emotional states with neurodevelopmental effects...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154592/college-females-with-maltreatment-histories-have-atypical-autonomic-regulation-and-poor-psychological-wellbeing
#4
Lourdes P Dale, Samia K Shaikh, Laura C Fasciano, Vanessa D Watorek, Keri J Heilman, Stephen W Porges
OBJECTIVES: This study uniquely examined the impact of maltreatment (without a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) on physiological responses to a physical and an emotional stressor. The study sample was composed exclusively of women, because men may differ in maltreatment experience and neural regulation of physiological reactivity. METHOD: Participants were 60 female college students. A significant proportion of the participants reported experiencing childhood maltreatment without a history of PTSD...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154589/down-regulation-of-amygdala-response-to-infant-crying-a-role-for-distraction-in-maternal-emotion-regulation
#5
Christine Firk, Brigitte Dahmen, Christin Lehmann, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Kerstin Konrad
Infant crying elicits caregiving behaviors, which are indispensable for fulfilling the infant's needs. However, infant crying can also evoke negative and angry feelings in the caregiver. Therefore, parents need to regulate their own negative emotions to infant crying to sensitively respond to the distressed infant. Thus, the current study aims to examine the neural basis of emotional reactivity and emotional regulation in response to infant crying using functional MRI in primiparous mothers (N = 26). Amygdala activation in response to infant crying was negatively associated with maternal sensitivity and maternal nonhostility during mother-infant interaction...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154587/attentional-avoidance-of-emotional-stimuli-in-postpartum-women-with-childhood-history-of-maltreatment-and-difficulties-with-emotion-regulation
#6
Gillian England-Mason, Jennifer Khoury, Leslie Atkinson, Geoffrey B Hall, Andrea Gonzalez
Child abuse and neglect can lead to difficulties regulating responses to threatening and emotional situations. Exposure to childhood maltreatment has been linked to conflicting findings of both attention biases toward and away from threat-related information. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether emotion regulation moderated the association between history of childhood maltreatment and attention bias in a sample of postpartum women. One hundred forty women participated in the study at 7 months postpartum...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154585/cognitive-reappraisal-and-acceptance-effects-on-emotion-physiology-and-perceived-cognitive-costs
#7
Allison S Troy, Amanda J Shallcross, Anna Brunner, Rachel Friedman, Markera C Jones
Two emotion regulation strategies-cognitive reappraisal and acceptance-are both associated with beneficial psychological health outcomes over time. However, it remains unclear whether these 2 strategies are associated with differential consequences for emotion, physiology, or perceived cognitive costs in the short-term. The present study used a within-subjects design to examine the effects of reappraisal (reframing one's thoughts) and acceptance (accepting feelings without trying to control or judge them) on the subjective experience of negative emotions, positive emotions, and physiological responses during and following recovery from sad film clips shown in the laboratory...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154582/the-dimensions-and-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-in-regulating-aggressive-behaviors
#8
Lindie H Liang, Douglas J Brown, D Lance Ferris, Samuel Hanig, Huiwen Lian, Lisa M Keeping
On the basis of the notion that the ability to exert self-control is critical to the regulation of aggressive behaviors, we suggest that mindfulness, an aspect of the self-control process, plays a key role in curbing workplace aggression. In particular, we note the conceptual and empirical distinctions between dimensions of mindfulness (i.e., mindful awareness and mindful acceptance) and investigate their respective abilities to regulate workplace aggression. In an experimental study (Study 1), a multiwave field study (Study 2a), and a daily diary study (Study 2b), we established that the awareness dimension, rather than the acceptance dimension, of mindfulness plays a more critical role in attenuating the association between hostility and aggression...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154365/is-neural-processing-of-negative-stimuli-altered-in-addiction-independent-of-drug-effects-findings-from-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-youth-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#9
Sarah W Yip, James J Gross, Megha Chawla, Shan-Shan Ma, Xing-Hui Shi, Lu Liu, Yuan-Wei Yao, Lei Zhu, Patrick D Worhunsky, Jintao Zhang
Difficulties in emotion regulation are commonly reported among individuals with alcohol and drug addictions and contribute to the acquisition and maintenance of addictive behaviors. Alterations in neural processing of negative affective stimuli have further been demonstrated among individuals with addictions. However, it is unclear whether these alterations are a general feature of addictions or are a result of prolonged exposure to drugs-of-abuse. To test the hypothesis of altered negative affect processing independent of drug effects, this study assessed neural function among drug-naïve youth with a behavioral addiction-Internet gaming disorder (IGD)...
November 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154148/the-relationship-between-executive-functions-and-emotion-regulation-in-females-attending-therapeutic-community-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#10
Ely M Marceau, Peter J Kelly, Nadia Solowij
BACKGROUND: Difficulties in emotion regulation influence the development of substance use disorder (SUD), its severity, course, treatment outcomes, and relapse. Impaired executive functions (EFs) are common in SUD populations and may relate to emotion dysregulation. The current study tested whether performance on three basic EF tasks ('working memory', 'inhibition', and 'task-switching') and/or inventory-based assessment of EF were related to difficulties in emotion regulation in females attending residential SUD therapeutic community treatment...
November 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#11
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
November 16, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148830/age-differences-in-the-use-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-derived-from-the-process-model-of-emotion-regulation-a-systematic-review
#12
V C Allen, T D Windsor
OBJECTIVES: This review examines differences in the use of emotion regulation (ER) strategies among younger and older adults. METHOD: A systematic review using search terms related to ageing and ER identified 23 relevant studies. Narrative synthesis was adopted to analyse the findings. RESULTS: Generally, greater use of situation selection and attentional deployment was identified among older adults, although these relationships were dependent on contextual/moderator variables...
November 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148160/chronic-parenting-stress-and-mood-reactivity-the-role-of-sleep-quality
#13
Chelsea da Estrela, Erin T Barker, Sarah Lantagne, Jean-Philippe Gouin
Sleep is a basic biological process supporting emotion regulation. The emotion regulation function of sleep may be particularly important in the context of chronic stress. To better understand how chronic stress and sleep interact to predict mood, 66 parents of children with autism completed daily diaries assessing parenting stress, negative mood, and sleep quality for 6 consecutive days. Hierarchical linear modelling revealed that daily negative mood was predicted by between-person differences in parenting stress and between-person differences in sleep efficiency...
November 17, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148060/gutsy-moves-the-amygdala-as-a-critical-node-in-microbiota-to-brain-signaling
#14
REVIEW
Caitlin S M Cowan, Alan E Hoban, Ana Paula Ventura-Silva, Timothy G Dinan, Gerard Clarke, John F Cryan
The amygdala is a key brain area regulating responses to stress and emotional stimuli, so improving our understanding of how it is regulated could offer novel strategies for treating disturbances in emotion regulation. As we review here, a growing body of evidence indicates that the gut microbiota may contribute to a range of amygdala-dependent brain functions from pain sensitivity to social behavior, emotion regulation, and therefore, psychiatric health. In addition, it appears that the microbiota is necessary for normal development of the amygdala at both the structural and functional levels...
November 17, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146473/estrogen-levels-emotion-regulation-and-emotional-symptoms-of-women-with-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-the-moderating-effect-of-estrogen-receptor-1%C3%AE-polymorphism
#15
Ju-Yu Yen, Peng-Wei Wang, Chen-Hsiang Su, Tai-Ling Liu, Cheng-Yu Long, Chih-Hung Ko
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the association between estrogen levels, emotion regulation, depression, anxiety, and stress of women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). We also evaluated the moderating effect of estrogen receptor (ESR) α-Xbal polymorphism on the aforementioned association. METHODS: A total of 100 women were diagnosed with PMDD based on psychiatric interviews and a prospective investigation of 3 menstrual cycles. A total of 96 normal individuals were recruited as controls...
November 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145910/brain-activation-during-emotion-regulation-in-women-with-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder
#16
Nicole Petersen, Dara G Ghahremani, Andrea J Rapkin, Steven M Berman, Letty Liang, Edythe D London
BACKGROUND: Difficulties in regulating emotions are linked to the core symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). We therefore investigated the neural substrates of emotion-regulation problems in women with PMDD. METHODS: On the basis of self-evaluations over 2 months on the Daily Record of Severity of Problems, eligible participants were assigned to two groups: PMDD and control (18 per group). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a well-validated task were used to assess brain function during emotion regulation...
November 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145753/the-neurodevelopmental-basis-of-early-childhood-disruptive-behavior-irritable-and-callous-phenotypes-as-exemplars
#17
Lauren S Wakschlag, Susan B Perlman, R James Blair, Ellen Leibenluft, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan, Daniel S Pine
The arrival of the Journal's 175th anniversary occurs at a time of recent advances in research, providing an ideal opportunity to present a neurodevelopmental roadmap for understanding, preventing, and treating psychiatric disorders. Such a roadmap is particularly relevant for early-childhood-onset neurodevelopmental conditions, which emerge when experience-dependent neuroplasticity is at its peak. Employing a novel developmental specification approach, this review places recent neurodevelopmental research on early childhood disruptive behavior within the historical context of the Journal...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145183/catastrophe-reaction-and-emotionalism
#18
Antonio Carota, Julien Bogousslavsky
The catastrophic reaction (CR; a disruptive and uncontrolled behavior triggered by anger, irritability, and hostility) and emotionalism (a condition of uncontrolled crying or laughing) are disorders of the emotional regulation and expression, the prevalence of which is underestimated in neurology. Their occurrence is an additional factor of poor outcome for neurologic patients. Although they have been recognized and completely described in their clinical manifestations more than a century ago, many issues remain unsolved regarding their pathogenesis and the respective role of the brain damage and psychological factors...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145178/minor-hemisphere-major-syndromes
#19
Antonio Carota, Julien Bogousslavsky
A right "minor hemisphere" does not exist as the right hemisphere is dominant for awareness (nosognosia), spatial attention, emotional regulation, facial and voice expressions, visual recognition, and topographical orientation. Without the right hemisphere, the world would be flat, deprived of general and spatial attentions, pointing preferentially to the right side of the space, lacking visual experiences and emotions, exhibiting diminished awareness of the self and environment. Clinical-related syndromes of the right hemisphere are unilateral spatial neglect, object and face visual agnosia, the anosognosia for hemiparesis and/or hemianopia, misidentification syndromes, mania, and other obsessions for the food and the body...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144535/a-health-economic-outcome-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-mobile-supported-stress-management-intervention-for-employees
#20
David Daniel Ebert, Fanny Kählke, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Elena Heber, Harald Baumeister, Burkhardt Funk, Heleen Riper, Dirk Lehr
Objective This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internet- and mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques and one booster session...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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