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Emotion regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778000/anxiety-moderates-the-effects-of-stressor-controllability-and-cognitive-reappraisal-on-distress-following-aversive-exposure-an-experimental-investigation
#1
Lillian Le, Michelle Moulds, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests that the effectiveness of cognitive reappraisal (CR) depends on different factors, including the individual's psychological wellbeing (e.g., level of anxiety) and the context in which the strategy is used (e.g., stressor controllability). The present study aimed to investigate the emotional (negative affect) and physiological (skin conductance levels) effects of emotion regulation following exposure to controllable versus uncontrollable stress...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777747/social-environment-as-a-factor-affecting-exploration-and-learning-in-pre-juvenile-rats
#2
Klaudia Modlinska, Rafał Stryjek, Anna Chrzanowska, Wojciech Pisula
Stress associated with social isolation in early life can lead to disturbances in the emotional regulation in adult rats. However, there are no reports on the impact of isolation from the mother while providing contact with peers. Under such conditions, young individuals have the opportunity to interact with others, are able to develop social behaviour, etc. Yet, there is no stimulation and care provided by the mother. We examined the relative impact of maternal contact and sibling contact in the rarely studied pre-juvenile (3rd and 4th week post birth) period on subsequent development...
May 16, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775874/emotion-regulation-as-a-predictor-of-the-endocrine-autonomic-affective-and-symptomatic-stress-response-and-recovery
#3
Katarina Krkovic, Annika Clamor, Tania M Lincoln
Stress is associated with the development of mental disorders such as depression and psychosis. The ability to regulate emotions is likely to influence how individuals respond to and recover from acute stress, and may thus be relevant to symptom development. To test this, we investigated whether self-reported emotion regulation predicts the endocrine, autonomic, affective, and symptomatic response to and recovery from a stressor. Social-evaluative stress was induced by the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in N = 67 healthy individuals (53...
April 30, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774962/maternal-regulation-of-the-infant-s-hpa-axis-stress-response-seymour-gig-levine-s-legacy-to-neuroendocrinology
#4
REVIEW
Deborah Suchecki
Thirty years ago, Seymour 'Gig' Levine published a serendipitous, yet, seminal finding on the regulatory role of maternal presence on the corticosterone stress response of neonatal rats, during the developmental period know as stress hyporesponsive period. At the same time, his group of students also studied the stress response of infant monkeys to maternal separation, as a means to understand the stressful nature of disruptions of attachment to the primary caregiver. Gig and his group of students and collaborators, mainly in the USA and the Netherlands, investigated how initial social relationships buffer the stress response of non-human primate and rodent infants...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773152/is-expressive-suppression-harmful-for-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Qian Lu, William Tsai, Qiao Chu, Jing Xie
Emotion regulation strategies are important for cancer survivors' adjustment. Expressive suppression, defined as the active effort of inhibiting the expressive component of an emotional response, has been found to be a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy. These studies, however, have been limited to cross-sectional designs and primarily European American samples. Chinese culture encourages emotion suppression to preserve interpersonal harmony and therefore it may be important to test these emotion regulation processes with this population...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771546/schadenfreude-as-social-functional-dominance-regulator
#6
Jens Lange, Lea Boecker
Schadenfreude follows from misfortunes happening to other individuals. It is therefore an essentially social emotion. However, previous research has mainly explored its intrapersonal functions. Complementing these findings, we propose a social-functional approach to schadenfreude. Seven studies (total N = 2,362) support that (a) schadenfreude is a reaction to a misfortune befalling an initially dominance-displaying individual and (b) the public expression of schadenfreude downregulates the dominance of the other person...
May 17, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768675/developing-self-regulation-in-a-dysregulating-world-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up-for-a-toddler-in-foster-care
#7
Steven D Imrisek, Katerina Castaño, Kristin Bernard
Toddlers in foster care have typically experienced histories of maltreatment and disruptions in relationships with primary caregivers. As a result, they are at increased risk for developing disorganized attachment and showing emotional, behavioral, and physiological dysregulation. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers in Foster Care (ABC-T) was developed to address the needs of these vulnerable children by supporting foster parents in responding with nurturance to children's distress, following children's lead, and helping children calm when they are becoming overwhelmed or dysregulated...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766519/lack-of-correspondence-between-the-reactive-proactive-questionnaire-and-the-impulsive-premeditated-aggression-scale-among-forensic-psychiatric-outpatients
#8
Danique Smeijers, Suzanne Brugman, Katinka von Borries, Robbert-Jan Verkes, Erik Bulten
The most studied bimodal classifications of aggressive behavior are the impulsive/premeditated distinction measured with the Impulsive Premeditated Aggression Scale and the reactive/proactive distinction measured with the Reactive Proactive Questionnaire. The terms of these classifications are often used interchangeably, assuming that reactive aggression is equivalent to impulsive aggression and that proactive aggressive behavior is the same as premeditated aggression. The correspondence or discrepancy between both aggression classifications/questionnaires, however, is understudied...
May 15, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765935/experiences-during-a-psychoeducational-intervention-program-run-in-a-pediatric-ward-a-qualitative-study
#9
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764217/chronotype-and-depressive-symptoms-in-students-an-investigation-of-possible-mechanisms
#10
Julia F Van den Berg, Liia Kivelä, Niki Antypa
Individuals with an evening chronotype are at increased risk of experiencing emotional problems, including depressive symptoms. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. The present study aimed to determine whether poor sleep quality, substance use and cognitive emotion regulation difficulties - which have been implicated in the etiology of depression - mediate the relationship between chronotype and depressive symptoms in a student sample, which was assessed cross-sectionally and after 1 year...
May 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764211/assessing-emotional-reactivity-psychometric-properties-of-the-perth-emotional-reactivity-scale-and-the-development-of-a-short-form
#11
David Preece, Rodrigo Becerra, Guillermo Campitelli
The Perth Emotional Reactivity Scale (PERS) is a 30-item self-report measure of trait levels of emotional reactivity. In this article, we examine the psychometric properties of the PERS subscale and composite scores in an adult community sample (N = 428), and develop an 18-item short form of the measure (PERS-S). The PERS and PERS-S are designed to assess the typical ease of activation, intensity, and duration of one's emotional responses, and do so for positive and negative emotions separately. Our confirmatory factor analyses supported that the PERS and PERS-S both had the same theoretically congruent factor structure, and that all subscale and composite scores displayed high internal consistency reliability...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762862/stress-and-the-psyche-brain-immune-network-in-psychiatric-diseases-based-on-psychoneuroendocrineimmunology-a-concise-review
#12
REVIEW
Anna Giulia Bottaccioli, Francesco Bottaccioli, Andrea Minelli
In the last decades, psychoneuroendocrineimmunology research has made relevant contributions to the fields of neuroscience, psychobiology, epigenetics, molecular biology, and clinical research by studying the effect of stress on human health and highlighting the close interrelations between psyche, brain, and bodily systems. It is now well recognized that chronic stress can alter the physiological cross-talk between brain and biological systems, leading to long-lasting maladaptive effects (allostatic overload) on the nervous, immune, endocrine, and metabolic systems, which compromises stress resiliency and health...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#13
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760024/an-updated-analysis-of-direct-to-consumer-television-advertisements-for-prescription-drugs
#14
Janelle Applequist, Jennifer Gerard Ball
PURPOSE: In 2015, the American Medical Association called for a ban of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) for prescription drugs. Yet, the pharmaceutical industry spends more than ever on broadcast advertisements, with national health care costs largely driven by drug spending. An evaluation of these ads is critical, as these advertisements can impact the frequency which patients ask their doctors about medications. METHODS: A content analysis of prime-time direct-to-consumer ads was conducted across 4 major cable television networks...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#15
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758583/gender-role-conflict-emotional-approach-coping-self-compassion-and-distress-in-prostate-cancer-patients-a-model-of-direct-and-moderating-effects
#16
Jennifer Lennon, David Hevey, Louise Kinsella
OBJECTIVE: Gender role conflict or the negative consequences of male socialization may compromise men's adjustment to prostate cancer by shaping how patients perceive and cope with their illness. Given mixed findings regarding how gender role conflict interacts with emotional approach coping to regulate distress in prostate cancer patients, the present study examined the effects of emotional approach coping, when considered alongside self-compassion, the ability to be kind and understanding of oneself...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758318/proteome-and-behavioral-alternations-in-phosphorylation-deficient-mutant-collapsin-response-mediator-protein2-knock-in-mice
#17
Haruko Nakamura, Aoi Takahashi-Jitsuki, Hiroko Makihara, Tetsuya Asano, Yayoi Kimura, Jun Nakabayashi, Naoya Yamashita, Yuko Kawamoto, Fumio Nakamura, Toshio Ohshima, Hisashi Hirano, Fumiaki Tanaka, Yoshio Goshima
CRMP2, alternatively designated as DPYSL2, was the first CRMP family member to be identified as an intracellular molecule mediating the signaling of the axon guidance molecule Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A). In Sema3A signaling, cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) primarily phosphorylates CRMP2 at Ser522. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) subsequently phosphorylates the residues of Thr509 and Thr514 of CRMP2. Previous studies showed that CRMP2 is involved in pathogenesis of neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease...
May 11, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758252/depression-resistant-phenotype-in-mice-overexpressing-regulator-of-g-protein-signaling-8-rgs8
#18
Yuki Kobayashi, Risa Takemoto, Shogo Yamato, Tomoya Okada, Michihiko Iijima, Yoshikatsu Uematsu, Shigeyuki Chaki, Yumiko Saito
Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins are negative regulators of heterotrimeric G proteins that act by accelerating Gα-mediated GTPase activity to terminate G protein-coupled receptor-associated signaling. RGS8 is expressed in several brain regions involved with movement and mood. To investigate the role of RGS8 in vivo, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing brain RGS8 (RGS8tg). RGS8 gene and protein expressions were examined by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively, and a significant increase in RGS8 protein was detected in the hippocampal CA1 region compared with wild-type mice (WT)...
May 11, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756797/age-differences-in-regulating-negative-emotions-via-attentional-deployment
#19
Maria Wirth, Ute Kunzmann
Although past theoretical work has proposed age-related gains in emotion regulation, the empirical evidence is not entirely consistent. In two laboratory studies, we investigated age differences in regulating negative emotions through attentional deployment by instructing participants to direct their attention either toward negative (up-regulation) or neutral (down-regulation) pictorial content. The regulation process (visual attention) was measured via eye-tracking and the regulation outcome (emotional experience) was assessed via self-report...
May 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756796/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-scale-ders-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity
#20
Jian Li, Zhuo Rachel Han, Mengyu M Gao, Xin Sun, Nigela Ahemaitijiang
Numerous studies have identified the significant role of emotion regulation in an individual's psychological and social functioning. Ever since its development, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) has been widely adopted as a comprehensive measure to assess emotion regulation problems among English-speaking adults. To assess emotion regulation in adults from Chinese-speaking societies and to promote future cross-cultural examination of the emotion regulation processes, the authors aimed to develop a Chinese version of the DERS and provide an initial validation of this instrument...
May 2018: Psychological Assessment
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