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Education in diabetes

Oana A Tatucu-Babet, Emma J Ridley
Outpatients who receive hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) may represent a group at significant risk of malnutrition owing to the underlying conditions that are often treated with HBOT (e.g., non-healing diabetic wounds and radiation-induced skin injury). In this issue, See and colleagues provide new, preliminary evidence of the prevalence of malnutrition in a small group of HBOT outpatients treated in an Australian hospital, reporting that approximately one-third of patients receiving HBOT were at risk of malnutrition...
December 24, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Karen M Van de Velde-Kossmann
Renal failure patients have an increased risk of infection, including skin and soft tissue infections. This increased susceptibility is multifactorial, due to the conditions causing the renal failure as well as complications of treatment and renal failure's innate effects on patient health. These infections have a significant impact on patient morbidity, increased hospital and procedural demands, and the cost of health care. Many renal failure patients are seen regularly by their nephrology clinic caregivers due to the need for frequent dialysis and transplant monitoring...
December 5, 2018: Blood Purification
Eileen R Chasens, Charles W Atwood, Lora E Burke, Mary Korytkowski, Robert Stansbury, Patrick J Strollo, Susan M Sereika
The Diabetes Sleep Treatment Trial (DSTT) is a multi-site, double-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled trial. The study objective is to test whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment results in improved glycemic control and diabetes self-management behavior compared to participants on a sham-CPAP (sub-therapeutic) device in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and co-morbid OSA. The purpose of this paper is to describe the premise for the DSTT, the study design, and the methodology used in this on-going trial...
December 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Suzana Fiore Scain, Elenara Franzen, Vânia Naomi Hirakata
OBJECTIVES: Identify in patients with type 2 diabetes what changes in the feet would be associated with demographic, clinical, biochemical and treatment characteristics and which would increase the risk of mortality. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal study evaluating the alterations in feet of outpatients attended at a nursing visit. Data from the clinical history and foot exam were collected from 918 medical records of a convenience sample. RESULTS: At 10 years, the cumulative mortality attributable to peripheral polyneuropathy was 44...
November 29, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Claudete Moreschi, Claudete Rempel, Daiana Foggiato de Siqueira, Dirce Stein Backes, Luis Felipe Pissaia, Magali Teresinha Quevedo Grave
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life and to analyze the epidemiological profile of people with diabetes treated in Family Health Strategies. METHOD: A cross-sectional study carried out with 350 people with diabetes. RESULTS: Most people with diabetes are women, elderly, married, white, with low educational level, retired/pensioners, family income of up to two minimum wages. As the time of people with the disease increases, their quality of life decreases...
November 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Yukiyo Yamamoto, Toru Kikuchi, Tatsuhiko Urakami, Motohide Goto, Kohji Tsubouchi, Goro Sasaki, Haruo Mizuno, Yuki Abe, Kazuteru Kitsuda, Shin Amemiya, Shigetaka Sugihara
Background Treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has greatly changed by the general use of insulin analogs and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). To investigate whether these advances have been translated into continued improvement in glycemic control in Japanese children and adolescents, we analyzed the registration data of the two consecutive recent cohorts of Japanese childhood-onset T1DM patients. Methods The registration data including hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), hypoglycemia and insulin regimen were compared between the two cohorts (862 patients in the 2008 cohort and 1090 in the 2013 cohort)...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Seher Unver, Semra Eyi, Zeynep Kizilcik Ozkan
Pain during negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been reported in the literature. PURPOSE: The study was conducted to describe patients' pain experience, pain-coping skills, and the effect of NPWT-related pain on daily life activities following abdominal surgery. METHOD: Using a descriptive, qualitative design, semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted between April 3, 2016 and December 26, 2016, in the surgical ward of a university hospital in Edirne, Turkey...
December 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Fatima Ghaddar, Pascale Salameh, Nadine Saleh, Firas Farhat, Ramez Chahine, Nathalie Lahoud, Mira Hleyhel, Rouba K Zeidan
Background: Noncommunicable diseases are the leading cause of death in Lebanon, with cardiovascular diseases accounting for almost half of the annual deaths. Purpose: We aimed to determine awareness of noncardiac Lebanese hospitalized patients for their coronary artery disease risk factors, their level of adherence to medications or lifestyle modifications, and assess factors associated with awareness. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 hospitals with a total of 382 patients...
2018: Vascular Health and Risk Management
Deborah A Galuska, Janelle P Gunn, Ann E O'Connor, Ruth Petersen
IN BRIEF Addressing the problem of childhood obesity is an important component of preventing type 2 diabetes. Although children and their families ultimately make decisions about diet, physical activity, and obesity management, many groups have a role in making these choices easier. They do this by providing families with tools and resources and by implementing policies and practices that support a healthy diet and physical activity in the places where children and their families spend their time. Diabetes educators are an important part of the solution...
November 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
Julia Yuncken, Cylie M Williams, Renerus J Stolwyk, Terry P Haines
The original version of this article unfortunately contained an mistake in country name in all the affiliations. The county name was inadvertently published as USA, it should be Australia instead. The affiliations are corrected in this erratum.
November 30, 2018: Endocrine
Saruna Ghimire, Prescott Cheong, Lawrence Sagadraca, Lung-Chang Chien, Francisco S Sy
Purpose: The number of Filipino Americans in Las Vegas, Nevada, is growing considerably, but no research to date has assessed the specific health needs of this burgeoning population. Thus, this study aims to assess health behaviors, perceived community health problems, and self-reported diseases/conditions among Filipino Americans in the Greater Las Vegas area and evaluate any difference by gender. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 Filipino American adults residing in the Greater Las Vegas area using a prevalidated instrument...
2018: Health Equity
Erin M Bergner, Robin Whittemore, Niral J Patel, Kimberly L Savin, Emily R Hamburger, Sarah S Jaser
Problems with adherence are common among adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D), who must follow a complex treatment regimen. Positive psychology interventions increase adherence and improve health outcomes in adults with chronic conditions; however, they have not been translated to pediatric populations. We evaluated the acceptability and feasibility of Check It!, a positive psychology intervention to improve adherence in adolescents with T1D. Adolescents with T1D and their parents were randomized to a positive psychology intervention (via phone or text message) or an attention control (education) group...
2018: Translational Issues in Psychological Science
Fei Gao, Yinan Zhang, Sheng Ge, Huijuan Lu, Ruihua Chen, Pingyan Fang, Yixie Shen, Congrong Wang, Weiping Jia
Background: It has been proved that coffee consumption was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. But the benefit effect of coffee on hyperglycemia in Chinese population was largely unknown. Besides, the relationship of coffee intake and diabetic pathogenesis was still unclear. Methods: The study population was selected from the Shanghai High-Risk Diabetic Screen (SHiDS) project. A total of 1328 individuals over 18 years of age who have the information of coffee intake were enrolled in the study from 2012 to 2016...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
Olubunmi Oniya, Karen Neves, Badreldeen Ahmed, Justin C Konje
BACKGROUND: Consanguinity is the close union, sexual relationship or marriage between persons who have common biological ancestors usually up to about 2nd cousins. Contrary to general opinion consanguinity is quite common and is practiced worldwide. It is an important topic as while rates of consanguineous unions in certain society have decreased over time, rates have remained stable or increased in other societies with rates as high as 80.6% in some communities. Our aim was to conduct a review looking at general aspects of consanguinity and any published reproductive outcomes in literature...
November 1, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Jennifer A Fearon-Lynch, Kristen A Sethares, Marilyn E Asselin, Kristine Batty, Caitlin M Stover
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of guided reflection on self-care behaviors, confidence scores, and diabetes knowledge among adults with diabetes. A randomized controlled trial with a pre/posttest design was used to generate data from a convenience sample of 62 adults with diabetes recruited from a single site. After viewing a 30-minute video on how to manage diabetes, participants were randomized to a control group (CG) (usual care) or an intervention group (IG). The IG further engaged in a reflection educational session...
December 3, 2018: Diabetes Educator
Richard Ig Holt, Daniel Hind, Rebecca Gossage-Worrall, Michael J Bradburn, David Saxon, Paul McCrone, Tiyi A Morris, Angela Etherington, David Shiers, Katharine Barnard, Lizzie Swaby, Charlotte Edwardson, Marian E Carey, Melanie J Davies, Christopher M Dickens, Yvonne Doherty, Paul French, Kathryn E Greenwood, Sridevi Kalidindi, Kamlesh Khunti, Richard Laugharne, John Pendlebury, Shanaya Rathod, Najma Siddiqi, Stephen Wright, Glenn Waller, Fiona Gaughran, Janette Barnett, Alison Northern
BACKGROUND: Obesity is twice as common in people with schizophrenia as in the general population. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance recommends that people with psychosis or schizophrenia, especially those taking antipsychotics, be offered a healthy eating and physical activity programme by their mental health care provider. There is insufficient evidence to inform how these lifestyle services should be commissioned. OBJECTIVES: To develop a lifestyle intervention for people with first episode psychosis or schizophrenia and to evaluate its clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, delivery and acceptability...
November 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Danielle Petricone-Westwood, Georden Jones, Brittany Mutsaers, Caroline Séguin Leclair, Christina Tomei, Geneviève Trudel, Andreas Dinkel, Sophie Lebel
PURPOSE: Health anxiety (HA) is associated with reduced quality of life among individuals with chronic illnesses. However, little is known about effective interventions for reducing HA in this context. This study aimed to comprehensively review the literature on interventions for the treatment of HA in chronic illness. METHODS: This study was conducted as part of a larger systematic review on HA among individuals diagnosed with a chronic illness, using literature published between January 1996 and October 2017...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Luis Eduardo Calliari, Laura Cudizio, Balduino Tschiedel, Hermelinda C Pedrosa, Rosangela Rea, Augusto Pimazoni-Netto, Laurence Hirsch, Kenneth Strauss
Background: In 2014-2015, the largest international survey of insulin injection technique in patients with diabetes taking insulin was conducted in 42 countries, totaling 13,289 participants. In Brazil, patients from five public health centers were included. This study aims to evaluate insulin injection technique in Brazilian patients and compare results with Latin America (LatAm) and World data. Methods: The insulin Injection Technique Questionnaire (ITQ) survey consisted of an initial patient section (questions applied by an experienced nurse), followed by observation of injection technique and examination of the injection sites by the health care professional...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Omar Kujan, Emad Alshwaimi, Hayatham El-Sakka, Majdy Idrees, Zeina Berri
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional survey aimed to assess the knowledge of dentists and dental assistants practicing in Saudi Arabia, regarding diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontal diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We used a pre-tested, closed-ended, multiple-choice questionnaire covering two principal sections; the assessment of previous educational training and practice, and the knowledge and scientific background regarding the DM and periodontal diseases. The responses were grouped using the Likert-type scale...
November 29, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Joan Guàrdia-Olmos, Esteve Gudayol-Ferré, Geisa B Gallardo-Moreno, Mar Martínez-Ricart, Maribel Peró-Cebollero, Andrés A González-Garrido
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) affects the entire cellular network of the organism. Some patients develop cognitive disturbances due to the disease, but several authors have suggested that the brain develops compensatory mechanisms to minimize or prevent neuropsychological decline. The present study aimed to assess the effective connectivity underlying visuospatial working memory performance in young adults diagnosed with T1D using neuroimaging techniques (fMRI). METHODS: Fifteen T1D right-handed, young adults with sustained metabolic clinical stability and a control group matched by age, sex, and educational level voluntarily participated...
2018: PloS One
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