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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105495/analysis-of-water-sports-injuries-admitted-to-a-pediatric-trauma-center-a-13-year-experience
#1
Thomas A Boyle, Kittu A Rao, Davis B Horkan, Marguerite L Bandeian, Juan E Sola, Charles A Karcutskie, Casey Allen, Eduardo A Perez, Edward B Lineen, Anthony R Hogan, Holly L Neville
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in children and adolescents. Injuries occurring during boating and recreational water sports are poorly described in the literature. Herein, we compare injuries from water sports to those resulting from motor vehicle collisions, which are better described in existing literature. METHODS: A retrospective review of 1935 consecutive pediatric trauma patients, as defined by age < 18 years, admitted to a single level-1 pediatric trauma center between January 2000 and August 2013 was performed...
August 13, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105454/epidemiology-prevention-screening-diagnosis-and-evaluation-update-of-the-icud-siu-joint-consultation-on-bladder-cancer
#2
Mario I Fernández, Maurizio Brausi, Peter E Clark, Michael S Cookson, H Barton Grossman, Makarand Khochikar, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Bernard Malavaud, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Mark S Soloway, Robert S Svatek, Raghunandan Vikram, Alina Vrieling, Ashish M Kamat
PURPOSE: To update current recommendations on prevention, screening, diagnosis, and evaluation of bladder cancer (BC) based on a thorough assessment of the most recent literature on these topics. METHODS: A non-systematic review was performed, including articles until June 2017. A variety of original articles, reviews, and editorials were selected according to their epidemiologic, demographic, and clinical relevance. Assessment of the level of evidence and grade of recommendations was performed according to the International Consultation on Urological Diseases grading system...
August 13, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104416/routine-use-of-chest-x-ray-for-low-risk-patients-undergoing-a-periodic-health-examination-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Zachary Bouck, Graham Mecredy, Noah M Ivers, Ciara Pendrith, Ben Fine, Danielle Martin, Richard H Glazier, Joshua Tepper, Wendy Levinson, R Sacha Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Many evidence-based recommendations advocate against the use of routine chest x-rays for asymptomatic, low-risk outpatients; however, it is unclear how regularly chest x-rays are ordered in primary care. Our study aims to describe the frequency of, and variation in, routine chest x-ray use in low-risk outpatients among primary care physicians. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, Ontario residents aged 18 years and older with a periodic health examination (PHE) between Apr...
July 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104324/fifteen-minute-consultation-fever-in-children-being-treated-for-cancer
#4
Jessica E Morgan
Fever is a common symptom in children receiving treatment for cancer. Clinicians and families are most concerned about febrile neutropenia, though non-neutropenic fever often causes more challenging treatment dilemmas. This article provides a structured approach to the initial assessment, examination, investigation and risk assessment of children with fever during treatment for childhood cancer. Non-neutropenic fever in children with cancer is not well researched. There are no systematic reviews of its management and no National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (or other international) guidance about what to do...
August 13, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100706/care-pathways-and-treatment-patterns-for-patients-with-heart-failure-in-china-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
James Ds Jackson, Sarah E Cotton, Sara Bruce Wirta, Catia C Proenca, Milun Zhang, Raquel Lahoz, Bogdan Balas, Frederico J Calado
Purpose: The objective of this study was to describe the clinical care pathways, management and treatment patterns, and hospitalizations for patients with heart failure (HF) in China. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional survey of cardiologists and their patients with HF was conducted. Patient record forms were completed by 150 cardiologists for 10 consecutive patients. Patients for whom a patient record form was completed were invited to complete a patient self-completion questionnaire...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100333/on-demand-synchronous-audio-video-telemedicine-visits-are-cost-effective
#6
Garrison Nord, Kristin L Rising, Roger A Band, Brendan G Carr, Judd E Hollander
INTRODUCTION: Claims data raises the possibility that on demand telemedicine programs might increase new utilization, offsetting the cost benefits described in some retrospective analyses. We prospectively evaluated the cost of a synchronous audio-video on-demand telemedicine taking into account both what patients would have done instead of the telemedicine visit as well as the care patients received after the visit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of patients who received care from an on-demand telemedicine program...
August 7, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099664/pharmadhere-training-german-community-pharmacists-with-objective-structured-clinical-examinations
#7
Anna Laven, Maira Anna Deters, Olaf Rose, Holger Schwender, Alexandra Smaranda, Isabell Waltering, Stephanie Laeer
Background Pharmacists who engage in Pharmaceutical Care need skills to optimise responsible medication use and increase medication adherence. Objectives We developed and evaluated a blended-learning programme for German community pharmacists that focused on conducting consultations in chronic diseases. Setting Community pharmacists in Germany. Method Interventional study with pre-post design. We combined e-learning with Objective Standardised Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) for emergency situations, initiation/implementation of medication therapy and detection of symptoms of four chronic diseases...
August 11, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099267/child-maltreatment-psychopathological-symptoms-and-onset-of-diabetes-mellitus-hypothyroidism-and-copd-in-adulthood
#8
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the associations between child maltreatment (CM), psychopathological symptoms, and onset of diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism (i.e., low metabolism), and chronic bronchitis/emphysema/COPD in adulthood. METHODS: The present analysis used cross-sectional data collected in 2007-2008 within the Tromsø Study, Norway (N = 12,981). CM was measured with a single item, and self-reported information on psychopathological symptoms and physical health outcomes was used...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098814/efficiency-of-care-and-cost-for-common-emergency-general-surgery-conditions-comparison-by-surgeon-training-and-practice
#9
Husayn A Ladhani, Sarah E Posillico, Brenda M Zosa, Emily A Verbus, Christopher P Brandt, Jeffrey A Claridge
BACKGROUND: Our institutional emergency general surgery service is staffed by both trauma and critical care-trained surgeons and other boarded general surgeons and subspecialists. We compared efficiency of care for common emergency general surgery conditions between trauma and critical care-trained surgeons and boarded general surgeons and subspecialists. METHODS: Adults admitted between February 2014 and May 2017 with acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, intestinal obstruction, incarcerated hernia, or other acute abdominal diagnoses seen by emergency general surgery service were included...
August 8, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098677/initial-development-and-content-validation-of-a-health-related-symptom-index-for-persons-either-treated-or-monitored-for-anal-high-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesions
#10
Jack E Burkhalter, Thomas M Atkinson, J Berry-Lawhorn, Stephen Goldstone, Mark H Einstein, Timothy J Wilkin, Jeannette Lee, David Cella, Joel M Palefsky
BACKGROUND: Anal cancer, caused by oncogenic types of human papillomavirus, is a growing problem in the United States. A key focus of anal cancer prevention has been screening for and treating precancerous high-grade squamous intraepithelial anal lesions (HSILs). OBJECTIVES: To develop a health-related symptom index for HSIL using qualitative techniques because anal HSIL and its treatment may have a negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and no HRQOL measure specific to this condition and treatment currently exists...
August 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098639/comparative-usability-evaluation-of-consultation-order-templates-in-a-simulated-primary-care-environment
#11
April Savoy, Himalaya Patel, Mindy E Flanagan, Joanne K Daggy, Alissa L Russ, Michael Weiner
Communication breakdowns in the referral process negatively impact clinical workflow and patient safety. There is a lack of evidence demonstrating the impact of published design recommendations addressing contributing issues with consultation order templates. This study translated the recommendations into a computer-based prototype and conducted a comparative usability evaluation. With a scenario-based simulation, 30 clinicians (referrers) participated in a within-group, counterbalanced experiment comparing the prototype with their present electronic order entry system...
November 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097210/-dermatofibroma-with-sebaceous-induction
#12
E Lorier Roy, M-H Jégou, A Osio
BACKGROUND: Histiocytoma or dermatofibroma (DF) is a common benign skin tumour with several clinical and histopathological variants. Sebaceous induction overlying a dermatofibroma is rare and infrequently reported. Using a detailed clinical case, herein the semiological and dermoscopic features of this lesion are described and illustrated, and the differential diagnoses presented. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 52-year-old man consulted for a physical examination, which revealed a firm papular lesion of the upper middle back...
August 7, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095478/research-ethics-dilemmas-in-thyroid-disease
#13
M Sara Rosenthal, Peter Angelos, Rebecca E Schweppe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since research ethics dilemmas frequently fall outside the purview of the Institutional Review Board (IRB), we present three unique recent research ethics cases in thyroidology that demonstrate research ethics dilemmas. RECENT FINDINGS: The cases presented raise questions surrounding epistemic/scientific integrity, publication ethics, and professional, and personal integrity. SUMMARY: Research ethics dilemmas that fall outside the purview of the IRB are appropriate for a Research Ethics Consultation, a common service in many large academic medical centers...
August 7, 2018: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095360/cardioplegia-practice-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-uk-ireland-survey
#14
Nigel E Drury, Angela Horsburgh, Rehana Bi, Robert G Willetts, Timothy J Jones
INTRODUCTION: Many techniques are available for cardioplegic arrest in children, but there is a lack of late phase clinical trials to guide practice. We surveyed paediatric cardiac surgeons and perfusionists to establish current practice and willingness to change within a clinical trial. METHODS: An online survey was sent to all consultant paediatric cardiac surgeons and chief perfusionists in paediatric centres in the UK and Ireland. Information was sought on cardioplegia type, composition, temperature, topical cooling, dosing for induction and maintenance, interval between doses, whether practice changed with patient age or complexity and whether respondents would be willing and able to use different cardioplegia solutions within a randomised trial...
August 10, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095074/chronic-leg-ulcers-in-hospitalized-patients-in-lom%C3%A3-togo-125-cases
#15
B Saka, A E Abilogoun-Chokki, S Akakpo, J Teclessou, G W Soga, G Mahamadou, W Gnassingbe, A Mouhari-Toure, K Kombate, E D Dosseh, V P Pitche
The aim of this study was to document the profile and causes of chronic leg ulcers (CLU) in patients hospitalized in Lomé, Togo. This retrospective study reviewed records from the dermatology departments (CHU Sylvanus Olympio and Campus, and the dermatology center of Gbossimé) from 2000 to 2017 and from the general surgery department of CHU Sylvanus Olympio from 2013 to 2017 to identify cases. In all, 125 cases of CLU were identified during the study period. The patients' mean age was 56.6 years and the sex ratio (M/F) was 0...
August 8, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094774/the-toxicology-investigators-consortium-case-registry-the-2017-annual-report
#16
Lynn A Farrugia, Sean H Rhyee, Sharan L Campleman, Bryan Judge, Louise Kao, Anthony Pizon, Lauren Porter, Anne M Riederer, Timothy Wiegand, Diane Calello, Paul M Wax, Jeffrey Brent
The Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC) Case Registry was established by the American College of Medical Toxicology in 2010. The Registry collects data from participating sites with the agreement that all bedside medical toxicology consultations will be entered. The objective of this eighth annual report is to summarize the Registry's 2017 data and activity with its additional 7577 cases. Cases were identified for inclusion in this report by a query of the ToxIC database for any case entered from 1 January to 31 December 2017...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093378/emergency-department-provider-perspectives-on-elder-abuse-and-development-of-a-novel-ed-based-multidisciplinary-intervention-team
#17
Tony Rosen, Michael E Stern, Mary R Mulcare, Alyssa Elman, Thomas J McCarthy, Veronica M LoFaso, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Sunday Clark, Rahul Sharma, Risa Breckman, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: An ED visit provides a unique opportunity to identify elder abuse, which is common and has serious medical consequences. Despite this, emergency providers rarely recognise or report it. We have begun the design of an ED-based multidisciplinary consultation service to improve identification and provide comprehensive medical and forensic assessment and treatment for potential victims. METHODS: We qualitatively explored provider perspectives to inform intervention development...
August 9, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092445/early-weight-gain-predicts-later-weight-gain-in-depressed-patients-treated-with-antidepressants-findings-from-the-metadap-cohort
#18
Khalil El Asmar, Bruno Fève, Romain Colle, Florence Gressier, Albane Vievard, Séverine Trabado, Céline Verstuyft, Emmanuel Haffen, Mircea Polosan, Florian Ferreri, Bruno Falissard, Philippe Chanson, Laurent Becquemont, Emmanuelle Corruble
BACKGROUND: Weight gain is a major side effect of antidepressant (AD) drugs. We assessed whether early weight gain is a predictor for long term weight gain in depressed patients treated with antidepressants. METHODS: In the six month prospective METADAP cohort, 260 non-overweight patients with a major depressive disorder (MDD), who have recently experienced a Major Depressive Episode (MDE) were assessed for early weight gain (>3%,>5%, and >7%) after one month of treatment, and for long term weight gain (>15% and >20%) after three and six months of treatment...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091493/-you-ll-have-to-be-my-eyes-and-ears-a-conversation-analytic-study-of-physical-examination-on-a-health-helpline
#19
Stefanie Lopriore, Amanda LeCouteur, Katie Ekberg, Stuart Ekberg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper explores the accomplishment of physical examination on a health helpline. By focusing on the ways in which callers are asked to examine themselves and report information to nurses, we aim to provide insight into how physical examination at a distance is achieved. BACKGROUND: Physical examination is a routine feature of healthcare encounters. In face-to-face settings, patients are subject to professional scrutiny through talk, touch and observation...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089495/adoption-and-use-of-guidelines-for-whiplash-an-audit-of-insurer-and-health-professional-practice-in-new-south-wales-australia
#20
Aila Nica Bandong, Andrew Leaver, Martin Mackey, Rodney Ingram, Samantha Shearman, Christen Chan, Ian D Cameron, Niamh Moloney, Rebecca Mitchell, Eoin Doyle, Emma Leyten, Trudy Rebbeck
BACKGROUND: In Australia, the New South Wales (NSW) State Insurance Regulatory Authority has been continuously developing and implementing clinical practice guidelines to address the health and economic burden from whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Despite this, it is uncertain the extent to which the guidelines are followed. This study aimed to determine insurer and health professional compliance with recommendations of the 2014 NSW clinical practice guidelines for the management of acute WAD; and explore factors related to adherence...
August 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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