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Optic glioma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202035/non-optic-glioma-in-adults-and-children-with-neurofibromatosis-1
#1
Laura Sellmer, Said Farschtschi, Marco Marangoni, Manraj K S Heran, Patricia Birch, Ralph Wenzel, Jan M Friedman, Victor-Felix Mautner
BACKGROUND: Non-optic gliomas occur in 5% of children with NF1, but little is known about these tumours in adults. We aimed to investigate progression, spontaneous regression and the natural history of non-optic gliomas in adults and compare these findings to the results found in children. RESULTS: One thousand seven hundred twenty-two brain MRI scans of 562 unselected individuals with NF1 were collected at the NF outpatient department of the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf between 2003 and 2015...
February 15, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156095/optimized-translocator-protein-ligand-for-optical-molecular-imaging-and-screening
#2
Jun Li, Jarrod A Smith, Eric S Dawson, Allie Fu, Michael L Nickels, Michael L Schulte, H Charles Manning
Translocator protein (TSPO) is a validated target for molecular imaging of a variety of human diseases and disorders. Given its involvement in cholesterol metabolism, TSPO expression is commonly elevated in solid tumors, including glioma, colorectal cancer, and breast cancer. TSPO ligands capable of detection by optical imaging are useful molecular tracers for a variety of purposes that range from quantitative biology to drug discovery. Leveraging our prior optimization of the pyrazolopyrimidine TSPO ligand scaffold for cancer imaging, we report herein a new generation of TSPO tracers with superior binding affinity and suitability for optical imaging and screening...
February 13, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150726/multimodal-optical-analysis-discriminates-freshly-extracted-human-sample-of-gliomas-metastases-and-meningiomas-from-their-appropriate-controls
#3
Marc Zanello, Fanny Poulon, Johan Pallud, Pascale Varlet, H Hamzeh, Georges Abi Lahoud, Felipe Andreiuolo, Ali Ibrahim, Mélanie Pages, Fabrice Chretien, Federico Di Rocco, Edouard Dezamis, François Nataf, Baris Turak, Bertrand Devaux, Darine Abi Haidar
Delineating tumor margins as accurately as possible is of primordial importance in surgical oncology: extent of resection is associated with survival but respect of healthy surrounding tissue is necessary for preserved quality of life. The real-time analysis of the endogeneous fluorescence signal of brain tissues is a promising tool for defining margins of brain tumors. The present study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of multimodal optical analysis to discriminate fresh samples of gliomas, metastases and meningiomas from their appropriate controls...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135565/dissecting-clinical-heterogeneity-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#4
Courtney L Monroe, Sonika Dahiya, David H Gutmann
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common neurogenetic disorder in which affected children and adults are predisposed to the development of benign and malignant nervous system tumors. Caused by a germline mutation in the NF1 tumor suppressor gene, individuals with NF1 are prone to optic gliomas, malignant gliomas, neurofibromas, and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, as well as behavioral, cognitive, motor, bone, cardiac, and pigmentary abnormalities. Although NF1 is a classic monogenic syndrome, the clinical features of the disorder and their impact on patient morbidity are variable, even within individuals who bear the same germline NF1 gene mutation...
January 24, 2017: Annual Review of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129859/investigating-microglia-brain-tumor-cell-interactions-in-vivo-in-the-larval-zebrafish-brain
#5
K R Astell, D Sieger
Glioblastoma is the most frequent and aggressive primary malignant brain tumor. Gliomas exhibit high genetic diversity in addition to complex and variable clinical features. Glioblastoma tumors are highly resistant to multimodal therapies and there is significant patient mortality within the first two years after prognosis. At present clinical treatments are palliative, not curative. Glioblastomas contain a high number of microglia and infiltrating macrophages, which are positively correlated with glioma grade and invasiveness...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110445/non-invasive-photodynamic-therapy-in-brain-cancer-by-use-of-tb-3-doped-laf3-nanoparticles-in-combination-with-photosensitizer-through-x-ray-irradiation-a-proof-of-concept-study
#6
Min-Hua Chen, Yi-Jhen Jenh, Sheng-Kai Wu, Yo-Shen Chen, Nobutaka Hanagata, Feng-Huei Lin
The use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of brain cancer has produced exciting results in clinical trials over the past decade. PDT is based on the concept that a photosensitizer exposed to a specific light wavelength produces the predominant cytotoxic agent, to destroy tumor cells. However, delivering an efficient light source to the brain tumor site is still a challenge. The light source should be delivered by placing external optical fibers into the brain at the time of surgical debulking of the tumor...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109958/optical-barcoding-for-single-clone-tracking-to-study-tumor-heterogeneity
#7
Malte Mohme, Cecile L Maire, Kristoffer Riecken, Svenja Zapf, Tim Aranyossy, Manfred Westphal, Katrin Lamszus, Boris Fehse
Intratumoral heterogeneity has been identified as one of the strongest drivers of treatment resistance and tumor recurrence. Therefore, investigating the complex clonal architecture of tumors over time has become a major challenge in cancer research. We developed a new fluorescent "optical barcoding" technique that allows fast tracking, identification, and quantification of live cell clones in vitro and in vivo using flow cytometry (FC). We optically barcoded two cell lines derived from malignant glioma, an exemplary heterogeneous brain tumor...
January 18, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109698/microbubble-assisted-ultrasound-induced-transient-phosphatidylserine-translocation
#8
Jean-Michel Escoffre, Marc Derieppe, Bart Lammertink, Clemens Bos, Chrit Moonen
Microbubble-assisted ultrasound (sonopermeabilization) results in reversible permeabilization of the plasma membrane of cells. This method is increasingly used in vivo because of its potential to deliver therapeutic molecules with limited cell damage. Nevertheless, the effects of sonopermeabilization on the plasma membrane remain not fully understood. We investigated the influence of sonopermeabilization on the transverse mobility of phospholipids, especially on phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization. We performed studies using optical imaging with Annexin V and FM1-43 probes to monitor PS externalization of rat glioma C6 cells...
January 18, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050470/neurofibromatosis-type-1-presenting-with-ophthalmic-features-a-case-series
#9
Gunjan Jain, Vaibhav Kumar Jain, Indra Kumar Sharma, Reena Sharma, Neeraj Saraswat
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is an autosomal dominant disorder involving multiple systems and affects approximately 1 out of 3000 persons. Ocular manifestations are lisch nodules, plexiform neurofibroma, optic pathway gliomas. The proper diagnosis of NF-1 is a crucial task for a clinician due to the various clinical manifestations including vision and life threatening malignancies in few patients, which may arise in the different phases of life. The authors report three cases of NF-1, presenting with ophthalmic symptoms in teenager boys...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048352/th-ef-brb-01-best-in-physics-therapy-dosimetric-comparison-of-4%C3%AF-and-clinical-imrt-for-cortex-sparing-high-grade-glioma-treatment
#10
K Woods, R Karunamuni, A Tran, V Yu, D Nguyen, J Hattangadi-Gluth, K Sheng
PURPOSE: Thinning of the cerebral cortex has been observed in patients treated with fractionated partial brain radiation therapy and may contribute to cognitive decline following treatment. The extent of this thinning is dose-dependent, and was shown comparable to that of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease at one year post-therapy. This study investigates whether 4π radiotherapy can enable better sparing of the cortex and other critical structures when compared to conventional clinical IMRT plans...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047779/we-h-207a-08-characterization-of-a-broad-spectrum-cancer-targeted-mri-contrast-agent
#11
C Brunnquell, R Zhang, A Pinchuk, J Weichert
PURPOSE: To characterize the relaxation properties and tumor targeting capabilities of a novel alkylphosphocholine (APC) analog MR contrast agent, Gd-DO3A-404. METHODS: Relaxivities were measured via T1 and T2 mapping of Gd-DO3A-404 with inversion recovery and spin echo pulse sequences, respectively. Uptake was characterized in flank xenograft models of non-small cell lung cancer (A549) and glioma (U87) and compared with uptake of Dotarem. Mice (N=3 per model per agent) were delivered 2...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039362/defining-the-temporal-course-of-murine-neurofibromatosis-1-optic-gliomagenesis-reveals-a-therapeutic-window-to-attenuate-retinal-dysfunction
#12
Joseph A Toonen, Yu Ma, David H Gutmann
BACKGROUND: Optic gliomas arising in the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) cancer predisposition syndrome cause reduced visual acuity in 30%-50% of affected children. Since human specimens are rare, genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models have been successfully employed for preclinical therapeutic discovery and validation. However, the sequence of cellular and molecular events that culminate in retinal dysfunction and vision loss has not been fully defined relevant to potential neuroprotective treatment strategies...
December 29, 2016: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030597/enoblock-does-not-inhibit-the-activity-of-the-glycolytic-enzyme-enolase
#13
Nikunj Satani, Yu-Hsi Lin, Naima Hammoudi, Sudhir Raghavan, Dimitra K Georgiou, Florian L Muller
Inhibition of glycolysis is of great potential for the treatment of cancer. However, inhibitors of glycolytic enzymes with favorable pharmacological profiles have not been forthcoming. Due to the nature of their active sites, most high-affinity transition-state analogue inhibitors of glycolysis enzymes are highly polar with poor cell permeability. A recent publication reported a novel, non-active site inhibitor of the glycolytic enzyme Enolase, termed ENOblock (N-[2-[2-2-aminoethoxy)ethoxy]ethyl]4-4-cyclohexylmethyl)amino]6-4-fluorophenyl)methyl]amino]1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]benzeneacetamide)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009226/report-of-effective-trametinib-therapy-in-2-children-with-progressive-hypothalamic-optic-pathway-pilocytic-astrocytoma-documentation-of-volumetric-response
#14
Catherine Miller, Daniel Guillaume, Kathryn Dusenbery, H Brent Clark, Christopher Moertel
Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor in childhood, and astrocytomas account for the largest proportion of these tumors. Increasing sophistication in genetic testing has allowed for the detection of specific mutations within tumor subtypes that may represent targets for individualized tumor treatment. The mitogen-activating protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and, more specifically, BRAF mutations have been shown to be prevalent in pediatric pilocytic astrocytomas and may represent one such area to target...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001089/the-role-of-the-immune-system-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-associated-nervous-system-tumors
#15
Souvik Karmakar, Karlyne M Reilly
With the recent development of new anticancer therapies targeting the immune system, it is important to understand which immune cell types and cytokines play critical roles in suppressing or promoting tumorigenesis. The role of mast cells in promoting neurofibroma growth in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients was hypothesized decades ago. More recent experiments in mouse models have demonstrated the causal role of mast cells in neurofibroma development and of microglia in optic pathway glioma development...
December 21, 2016: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989983/optical-neuronavigation-without-rigid-head-fixation-during-awake-surgery
#16
Christian F Freyschlag, Johannes Kerschbaumer, Wilhelm Eisner, Daniel Pinggera, Konstantin R Brawanski, Ondra Petr, Marlies Bauer, Astrid E Grams, Thomas Bodner, Marcel Seiz, Claudius Thomé
OBJECTIVE: Optical neuronavigation without rigid pin fixation of the head may lead to inaccurate results because of the patient's movements during awake surgery. In this study, we report our results using a skull-mounted reference array for optical tracking in patients undergoing awake craniotomy for eloquent gliomas. METHODS: Between March 2013 and December 2014, 18 consecutive patients (10 men, 8 women) with frontotemporal (n = 16) or frontoparietal (perirolandic; n = 2) lesions underwent awake craniotomy without rigid pin fixation...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976555/are-the-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-1298-and-677-gene-polymorphisms-related-to-optic-glioma-and-hamartoma-risk-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-patients
#17
Hikmet Gülşah Tanyıldız, Şule Yeşil, Ceyhun Bozkurt, Mehmet Onur Çandır, Sibel Akpınar-Tekgündüz, Şule Toprak, Deniz Yüksel, Gürses Şahin
The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene plays a key role in carcinogenesis through its effects on DNA synthesis and methylation and also has a significant role in the etiology of many disorders, such as diabetes, migraine, and cardiovascular disease. Neurofibromatoses (NF) are autosomal dominant inherited diseases that can affect tissues such as bone and skin and predispose individuals to tumor development in various parts of the nervous system or body. Optic nerve glioma and brain tumors are common in children with NF, and leukemia and lymphoma incidence is also higher than normal...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934068/increased-gold-nanoparticle-retention-in-brain-tumors-by-in-situ-enzyme-induced-aggregation
#18
Shaobo Ruan, Chuan Hu, Xian Tang, Xingli Cun, Wei Xiao, Kairong Shi, Qin He, Huile Gao
The treatment of brain tumors remains a challenge due to the limited accumulation of drugs and nanoparticles. Here, we triggered the aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using legumain to enhance the retention of chemotherapeutics in brain tumors. This nanoplatform, AuNPs-A&C, is comprised of Ala-Ala-Asn-Cys-Lys modified AuNPs (AuNPs-AK) and 2-cyano-6-aminobenzothiazole modified AuNPs (AuNPs-CABT). AuNPs-AK could be hydrolyzed to expose the 1,2-thiolamino groups on AuNPs-AK in the presence of legumain, which occurs by a click cycloaddition with the contiguous cyano group on AuNPs-CABT, resulting in formation of AuNPs aggregates...
November 22, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923908/estrogen-activation-of-microglia-underlies-the-sexually-dimorphic-differences-in-nf1-optic-glioma-induced-retinal-pathology
#19
Joseph A Toonen, Anne C Solga, Yu Ma, David H Gutmann
Children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) develop low-grade brain tumors throughout the optic pathway. Nearly 50% of children with optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) experience visual impairment, and few regain their vision after chemotherapy. Recent studies have revealed that girls with optic nerve gliomas are five times more likely to lose vision and require treatment than boys. To determine the mechanism underlying this sexually dimorphic difference in clinical outcome, we leveraged Nf1 optic glioma (Nf1-OPG) mice...
January 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903182/single-session-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-optic-pathway-hypothalamic-gliomas
#20
Amr M N El-Shehaby, Wael A Reda, Khaled M Abdel Karim, Reem M Emad Eldin, Ahmed M Nabeel
OBJECTIVE Because of their critical and central location, it is deemed necessary to fractionate when considering irradiating optic pathway/hypothalamic gliomas. Stereotactic fractionated radiotherapy is considered safer when dealing with gliomas in this location. In this study, the safety and efficacy of single-session stereotactic radiosurgery for optic pathway/hypothalamic gliomas were reviewed. METHODS Between December 2004 and June 2014, 22 patients with optic pathway/hypothalamic gliomas were treated by single-session Gamma Knife radiosurgery...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
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