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Exercise addiction

Abdullah Hussain, Rohina Khizer Mufti, Maryam Shahid
OBJECTIVE: To find the frequency and determinants of patients preferring complementary and alternative medicine over registered medical doctors.. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Services Hospital, Mayo Hospital and Jinnah Hospital in Lahore, Pakistan, from June 8 to August 20, 2017.A pre-tested self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. . RESULTS: Of the 385 subjects, 200(51...
June 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Bo Gong, Sadiq Naveed, Dawood M Hafeez, Khalid I Afzal, Salman Majeed, Jonathan Abele, Savvas Nicolaou, Faisal Khosa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Extensive research has been conducted to find neuroimaging biomarkers for psychiatric disorders. This study aimed at identifying trends of the 100 most highly cited articles on neuroimaging in primary psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The most highly cited original research articles were identified and analyzed, following searches of MEDLINE and Web of Science All Databases. RESULTS: The top 100 articles ranked by yearly citation (from 137...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
Maayan Levit, Ayelet Weinstein, Yitzhak Weinstein, Dana Tzur-Bitan, Aviv Weinstein
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between exercise addiction, abnormal eating attitudes, anxiety, and depression among competitive and amateur athletes. METHODS: Participants were 100 athletes of mean age 28.3 years (18-62), of which there were 67 males and 35 females. The sample consisted of competitive and amateur athletes who participated in individual and group sports. They filled in the Exercise Addiction Inventory, Body Shape Questionnaire, a questionnaire assessing Eating Attitudes Test, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Richard D Lennox, Marie Cecchini-Sternquist
Objective Protracted drug withdrawal symptoms can last months or years after drug cessation, often precipitating a return to substance misuse. We evaluated the safety and preliminary health benefits of a unique chemical exposure regimen based on exercise, sauna and therapeutic nutrients. Methods This was a prospective evaluation of 109 individuals sequentially enrolled into a sauna detoxification component of a multi-modal, long-term residential substance abuse treatment centre. Results Data from medical charts, client self-reports and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) responses indicated that the Hubbard sauna detoxification method was well tolerated, with a 99% completion rate, including one human immunodeficiency virus and nine hepatitis C positive clients...
September 13, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Jose A Piña, Mark D Namba, Jonna M Leyrer-Jackson, Gabriella Cabrera-Brown, Cassandra D Gipson
Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. The number of new smokers, specifically among adolescents, has risen rapidly in recent years. Thus, understanding the role of social influences on patterns of nicotine and tobacco use is important. Clinical studies have addressed the impact social relationships such as family members and peers have on smoking acquisition and susceptibility. As well, preclinical animal models have examined the impact of social factors on drug intake, acquisition, maintenance, and relapse...
2018: International Review of Neurobiology
So-Hyung Kang, Wi-Young So
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Abel Nogueira, Olga Molinero, Alfonso Salguero, Sara Márquez
Practice of endurance sports/activities has gained most devotees over recent decades, thanks to its capacity to maintain and improve health. However, their characteristics and accessibility have facilitated the emergence of addictive behaviors. Excessive practicing can lead to adverse physical and psychological effects seriously prejudicial to health, to the extent that individuals are unable to control this behavior. Recognizing that exercise addiction is still a controversial concept, the aim of the present review is to analyze the state of research into addictive exercise behaviors, specifically centering on running and endurance sports...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Julia Schüler, Beat Knechtle, Mirko Wegner
Initiating and maintaining sports and exercise behavior are usually discussed in terms of strategies for promoting health. In the present study, we analyzed a sample of extreme endurance sport athletes and set out to predict exercise addiction, which is a facet of a sport-related health risk. We therefore draw on self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2000), according to which low basic psychological need satisfaction can lead to excessive compensatory behavior. We aim to disentangle the effects of need satisfaction in the activity itself (exercising) and outside the activity (work/leisure) on exercise addiction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Menglong Li
To explore the influence of exercise motivation and basic psychological needs on exercise dependence among Chinese college students. 1689 college students engaged in long-term exercise were selected from three universities in Hunan province in China as the objects of the survey. 1601 valid copies of the questionnaire were collected. Exercise Addiction Inventory, Motivation for Physical Activity Measure-Revised, Psychological Need Satisfaction in Exercise Scale and other questionnaires were used in the correlation analysis and structural equation model to investigate the influence of psychological needs and exercise motivation on exercise dependence among Chinese college students...
August 16, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J C Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew, Ivanka Prichard, Megan S C Lim
BACKGROUND: Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and how they engage with content, 2) investigate the disordered eating and exercise behaviours and psychological distress of individuals who access fitspiration, and 3) understand the perceived influence of fitspiration on health and wellbeing. METHODS: Participants who access fitspiration content were recruited via social media to complete a cross-sectional online survey...
August 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
Astrid Müller, Crispin Leukefeld, Carolin Hase, Kerstin Gruner-Labitzke, Julian W Mall, Hinrich Köhler, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the association between food addiction (FA) and other addictive behaviours in 216 bariatric surgery candidates (91.7% class 3 obesity; 80.1% women; age Mdn = 44.00 years, range 18-73). METHOD: Assessment included the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) and standardized self-report questionnaires to measure symptoms of disorders related to substance use (alcohol and nicotine) and behavioural addictions (gambling, Internet-use, buying, hypersexual disorders, and exercise dependence)...
August 9, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Cinderella K Cardol, Cristopher I Escamilla, Winifred A Gebhardt, José C Perales
This cross-sectional survey study had the aim of clarifying the relationships between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and non-drug-re-lated self-regulation problems (non-drug-related SRPs), including behavioral addictions, and the role of impulsive personality traits therein. Spanish university students (N = 329; Mage = 21.20) completed questionnaires for each of these constructs. Fitness and Bodybuilding LTPA was negatively associated with video gaming-related SRPs, r = -.13, p = .019, 95% CI (bootstrapped) [-...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
Javier Simón Simón Grima, Nerea Estrada-Marcén, Jesús Montero-Marín
Research on physical exercise addiction is becoming more frequent due to the importance of excessive physical activity on health in general. Different studies have investigated the prevalence of risk of exercise addiction (REA) and its consequences. Furthermore, there exist a series of contradictions regarding the relationship between REA and other variables associated with physical training. One goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis consists of analysing possible differences in prevalence, age, general health (mental and physical quality of life, eating disorders) and physical training (hours/week) between groups with REA and non-addicted groups...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
Ramon L Ramirez, Vinicio De Jesus Perez, Roham T Zamanian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Methamphetamine is a highly addictive drug originally developed for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. At present, the epidemic rise of illicit methamphetamine use has increased the number of patients living with medical complications. Our group has recently identified a definite association between methamphetamine use and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a life-threatening disease characterized by occlusive vasculopathy and progressive right heart failure...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
J Ting, K P Chien, A Dhir, S Chen
With the massive growth in Internet technologies, people have become wary of excessive Internet usage, known as compulsive Internet usage or Internet addiction. This study looks into how exercise is related to compulsive Internet usage. Previous research showed varying results regarding the relationship between sports habit and Internet usage; this project clarifies the relationship by investigating mediating variables in terms of interest in different aspects of sports, such as physical education, mastering sport skills, sports participation, and watching sports...
July 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
Lucia Romo, Joel Ladner, Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Dalia Saleh, Marie Pierre Tavolacci, Laurence Kern
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the possible links between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the presence of concomitant addictions with or without substance use in a French student population. MEASURES: A battery of questionnaire measuring socioeconomic characteristics, university curriculum, ADHD (Wender Utah Rating Scale and Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale), substance consumptions (alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis), and behavioral addictions [(eating disorders (SCOFF)], Internet addiction (Internet Addiction Test), food addiction (Yale Food Addiction Scale), compulsive buying (Echeburua's), and problem gambling (The Canadian Problem Gambling Index)] and measures of physical activity (Godin's Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire) was filled up by university students in Rouen and Nanterre in France...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Attila Szabo
Exercise addiction is widely studied in sport science and psychology, but at this time it is not recognized as an independently diagnosable mental or psychiatric disorder. Indeed, studies on exercise addiction assess a level of risk for disordered exercise behaviour, characterized by lack of control and negative personal consequences. It is argued that commitment and passion are two overlapping features of high exercise involvement which obscure the fine line between healthy and unhealthy exercise. The present case study examined a successful female body builder who initially claimed that she was addicted to exercise...
June 2018: Europe's journal of psychology
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Claire Gudex, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Uffe Jørgensen
Introduction: Exercise addiction is characterized by the use of physical activity to cope with emotions and mood, while sports injuries can lead to psychological distress such as depression and anxiety. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between risk of exercise addiction and psychological distress, and whether this association was modified by injury status. Methods: A cross-sectional study with injured and non-injured recreational exercisers (n = 1083)...
December 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Emily J Tweed, Mark Rodgers, Saket Priyadarshi, Emilia Crighton
BACKGROUND: Public injecting of recreational drugs has been documented in a number of cities worldwide and was a key risk factor in a HIV outbreak in Glasgow, Scotland during 2015. We investigated the characteristics and health needs of people involved in this practice and explored stakeholder attitudes to new harm reduction interventions. METHODS: We used a tripartite health needs assessment framework, comprising epidemiological, comparative, and corporate approaches...
July 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
Tiaw-Kee Lim, Yan Ma, Frederic Berger, Gerhard Litscher
Within the last 10 years, the percentage of low back pain (LBP) prevalence increased by 18%. The management and high cost of LBP put a tremendous burden on the healthcare system. Many risk factors have been identified, such as lifestyle, trauma, degeneration, postural impairment, and occupational related factors; however, as high as 95% of the cases of LBP are non-specific. Currently, LBP is treated pharmacologically. Approximately 25 to 30% of the patients develop serious side effects, such as drowsiness and drug addiction...
June 25, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
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