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Exercise addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097034/-i-aspire-to-look-and-feel-healthy-like-the-posts-convey-engagement-with-fitness-inspiration-on-social-media-and-perceptions-of-its-influence-on-health-and-wellbeing
#1
Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J C Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew, Ivanka Prichard, Megan S C Lim
BACKGROUND: Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and how they engage with content, 2) investigate the disordered eating and exercise behaviours and psychological distress of individuals who access fitspiration, and 3) understand the perceived influence of fitspiration on health and wellbeing. METHODS: Participants who access fitspiration content were recruited via social media to complete a cross-sectional online survey...
August 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094889/food-addiction-and-other-addictive-behaviours-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates
#2
Astrid Müller, Crispin Leukefeld, Carolin Hase, Kerstin Gruner-Labitzke, Julian W Mall, Hinrich Köhler, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the association between food addiction (FA) and other addictive behaviours in 216 bariatric surgery candidates (91.7% class 3 obesity; 80.1% women; age Mdn = 44.00 years, range 18-73). METHOD: Assessment included the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) and standardized self-report questionnaires to measure symptoms of disorders related to substance use (alcohol and nicotine) and behavioural addictions (gambling, Internet-use, buying, hypersexual disorders, and exercise dependence)...
August 9, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059584/exploring-the-direct-or-inverse-association-of-physical-activity-with-behavioral-addictions-and-other-self-regulation-problems
#3
Cinderella K Cardol, Cristopher I Escamilla, Winifred A Gebhardt, José C Perales
This cross-sectional survey study had the aim of clarifying the relationships between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and non-drug-re-lated self-regulation problems (non-drug-related SRPs), including behavioral addictions, and the role of impulsive personality traits therein. Spanish university students (N = 329; Mage = 21.20) completed questionnaires for each of these constructs. Fitness and Bodybuilding LTPA was negatively associated with video gaming-related SRPs, r = -.13, p = .019, 95% CI (bootstrapped) [-...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059575/exercise-addiction-measure-through-the-exercise-addiction-inventory-eai-and-health-in-habitual-exercisers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Javier Simón Simón Grima, Nerea Estrada-Marcén, Jesús Montero-Marín
Research on physical exercise addiction is becoming more frequent due to the importance of excessive physical activity on health in general. Different studies have investigated the prevalence of risk of exercise addiction (REA) and its consequences. Furthermore, there exist a series of contradictions regarding the relationship between REA and other variables associated with physical training. One goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis consists of analysing possible differences in prevalence, age, general health (mental and physical quality of life, eating disorders) and physical training (hours/week) between groups with REA and non-addicted groups...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30036313/methamphetamine-and-the-risk-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#5
Ramon L Ramirez, Vinicio De Jesus Perez, Roham T Zamanian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Methamphetamine is a highly addictive drug originally developed for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. At present, the epidemic rise of illicit methamphetamine use has increased the number of patients living with medical complications. Our group has recently identified a definite association between methamphetamine use and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a life-threatening disease characterized by occlusive vasculopathy and progressive right heart failure...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016432/sports-interest-mediating-exercise-and-compulsive-internet-use-among-undergraduates
#6
J Ting, K P Chien, A Dhir, S Chen
With the massive growth in Internet technologies, people have become wary of excessive Internet usage, known as compulsive Internet usage or Internet addiction. This study looks into how exercise is related to compulsive Internet usage. Previous research showed varying results regarding the relationship between sports habit and Internet usage; this project clarifies the relationship by investigating mediating variables in terms of interest in different aspects of sports, such as physical education, mastering sport skills, sports participation, and watching sports...
July 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010409/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-addictions-substance-and-behavioral-prevalence-and-characteristics-in-a-multicenter-study-in-france
#7
Lucia Romo, Joel Ladner, Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Dalia Saleh, Marie Pierre Tavolacci, Laurence Kern
Aim The aim of this study is to determine the possible links between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the presence of concomitant addictions with or without substance use in a French student population. Measures A battery of questionnaire measuring socioeconomic characteristics, university curriculum, ADHD (Wender Utah Rating Scale and Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale), substance consumptions (alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis), and behavioral addictions [(eating disorders (SCOFF)], Internet addiction (Internet Addiction Test), food addiction (Yale Food Addiction Scale), compulsive buying (Echeburua's), and problem gambling (The Canadian Problem Gambling Index)] and measures of physical activity (Godin's Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire) was filled up by university students in Rouen and Nanterre in France...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008948/addiction-passion-or-confusion-new-theoretical-insights-on-exercise-addiction-research-from-the-case-study-of-a-female-body-builder
#8
Attila Szabo
Exercise addiction is widely studied in sport science and psychology, but at this time it is not recognized as an independently diagnosable mental or psychiatric disorder. Indeed, studies on exercise addiction assess a level of risk for disordered exercise behaviour, characterized by lack of control and negative personal consequences. It is argued that commitment and passion are two overlapping features of high exercise involvement which obscure the fine line between healthy and unhealthy exercise. The present case study examined a successful female body builder who initially claimed that she was addicted to exercise...
June 2018: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003135/exercise-addiction-is-associated-with-emotional-distress-in-injured-and-non-injured-regular-exercisers
#9
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Claire Gudex, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Uffe Jørgensen
Introduction: Exercise addiction is characterized by the use of physical activity to cope with emotions and mood, while sports injuries can lead to psychological distress such as depression and anxiety. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between risk of exercise addiction and psychological distress, and whether this association was modified by injury status. Methods: A cross-sectional study with injured and non-injured recreational exercisers (n = 1083)...
December 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973179/-taking-away-the-chaos-a-health-needs-assessment-for-people-who-inject-drugs-in-public-places-in-glasgow-scotland
#10
Emily J Tweed, Mark Rodgers, Saket Priyadarshi, Emilia Crighton
BACKGROUND: Public injecting of recreational drugs has been documented in a number of cities worldwide and was a key risk factor in a HIV outbreak in Glasgow, Scotland during 2015. We investigated the characteristics and health needs of people involved in this practice and explored stakeholder attitudes to new harm reduction interventions. METHODS: We used a tripartite health needs assessment framework, comprising epidemiological, comparative, and corporate approaches...
July 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941854/acupuncture-and-neural-mechanism-in-the-management-of-low-back-pain-an-update
#11
REVIEW
Tiaw-Kee Lim, Yan Ma, Frederic Berger, Gerhard Litscher
Within the last 10 years, the percentage of low back pain (LBP) prevalence increased by 18%. The management and high cost of LBP put a tremendous burden on the healthcare system. Many risk factors have been identified, such as lifestyle, trauma, degeneration, postural impairment, and occupational related factors; however, as high as 95% of the cases of LBP are non-specific. Currently, LBP is treated pharmacologically. Approximately 25 to 30% of the patients develop serious side effects, such as drowsiness and drug addiction...
June 25, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887681/effect-of-add-on-yoga-on-cognitive-functions-among-substance-abusers-in-a-residential-therapeutic-center-randomized-comparative-study
#12
Ananda Gaihre, Sasidharan K Rajesh
Background: Chronic vulnerability characterizes substance abuse disorder with consequent relapse. The process of abstinence depends on cognitive recovery. Hence, behavioral intervention should account for cognitive dimension of substance abusers. Recent studies highlight yoga-based intervention as a promising add-on therapy for treating and preventing addictive behaviors. Purpose: The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a yoga-based intervention as an add-on in enhancing cognitive functions, compared with physical exercise to newly admitted substance abusers seeking an inpatient treatment program...
April 2018: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863438/aging-male-symptomatology-and-eating-behavior
#13
Kai K Kummer, Harrison G Pope, James I Hudson, Georg Kemmler, Germar-Michael Pinggera, Barbara Mangweth-Matzek
OBJECTIVE: The literature on eating disorders in older males is still very limited. We assessed the relationship between aging male symptomatology and eating behavior in middle-aged and older men. METHOD: We distributed anonymous questionnaires to men aged 40-75 years living in or near Innsbruck, Austria, covering demographic items, current eating disorder symptoms (as defined by DSM-5), and associated measures of eating pathology, body image, and sports activity (including exercise addiction)...
June 4, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859324/treadmill-exercise-attenuates-the-severity-of-physical-dependence-anxiety-depressive-like-behavior-and-voluntary-morphine-consumption-in-morphine-withdrawn-rats-receiving-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#14
Maryam Alizadeh, Mahdi Zahedi-Khorasani, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
This study was designed to examine whether treadmill exercise would attenuate the severity of physical dependence, methadone-induced anxiety, depression and voluntary morphine consumption in morphine withdrawn rats receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). The rats were chronically treated with bi-daily doses (10 mg/kg, at 12 h intervals) of morphine for 14 days. The exercising rats receiving MMT were forced to run on a motorized treadmill for 30 days during morphine withdrawal. Then, rats were tested for the severity of morphine dependence, the elevated plus-maze (EPM), sucrose preference test (SPT) and voluntary morphine consumption using a two-bottle choice (TBC) paradigm...
May 30, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788750/exercise-motivational-regulations-and-exercise-addiction-the-mediating-role-of-passion
#15
Álvaro Sicilia, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, María-Jesús Lirola, Rafael Burgueño, Anthony Maher
Background and aims The study explored the mediating role of forms of passion in the relationship between motivational regulations in exercise and exercise addiction (EA). Methods A total of 485 university students (368 males and 117 females; Mage  = 20.43, SD = 3.21) completed a questionnaire measuring the frequency and intensity of exercise, motivational regulations in exercise, passion for exercise, and EA. Controlling the effects of age, frequency, and intensity of practice, the relationships between the study variables were examined though a path analysis...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755380/effects-of-physical-exercise-on-cognitive-functioning-and-wellbeing-biological-and-psychological-benefits
#16
REVIEW
Laura Mandolesi, Arianna Polverino, Simone Montuori, Francesca Foti, Giampaolo Ferraioli, Pierpaolo Sorrentino, Giuseppe Sorrentino
Much evidence shows that physical exercise (PE) is a strong gene modulator that induces structural and functional changes in the brain, determining enormous benefit on both cognitive functioning and wellbeing. PE is also a protective factor for neurodegeneration. However, it is unclear if such protection is granted through modifications to the biological mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration or through better compensation against attacks. This concise review addresses the biological and psychological positive effects of PE describing the results obtained on brain plasticity and epigenetic mechanisms in animal and human studies, in order to clarify how to maximize the positive effects of PE while avoiding negative consequences, as in the case of exercise addiction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734827/behavioral-addictions-as-mental-disorders-to-be-or-not-to-be
#17
Nancy M Petry, Kristyn Zajac, Meredith K Ginley
Should excessive and problematic engagement in nonsubstance use behaviors be mental disorders? The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) repositioned gambling disorder in the substance use disorders section and introduced Internet gaming disorder in the research appendix; the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is also considering it. This article outlines pros and cons of considering behavioral addictions as mental disorders and also reviews the DSM-5 decision-making processes...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734129/latent-profiles-of-family-background-personality-and-mental-health-factors-and-their-association-with-behavioural-addictions-and-substance-use-disorders-in-young-swiss-men
#18
Simon Marmet, Joseph Studer, Ansgar Rougemont-Bücking, Gerhard Gmel
BACKGROUND: Recent theories suggest that behavioural addictions and substance use disorders may be the result of the same underlying vulnerability. The present study investigates profiles of family background, personality and mental health factors and their associations with seven behavioural addictions (to the internet, gaming, smartphones, internet sex, gambling, exercise and work) and three substance use disorder scales (for alcohol, cannabis and tobacco). METHODS: The sample consisted of 5287 young Swiss men (mean age = 25...
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674240/the-impact-of-antipsychotics-as-a-risk-factor-for-thromboembolism
#19
REVIEW
Ewa A Ogłodek, Marek J Just, Anna D Grzesińska, Aleksander Araszkiewicz, Adam R Szromek
Patients with schizophrenia are predisposed toward developing cardiovascular disease. Although neuroleptics affect the cardiovascular system, it is also important to consider the consequences of the disease itself such as lower physical activity due to living on disability pension, inadequate nutrition, and/or nicotine addiction, being more common among patients with schizophrenia versus the general population. All these factors combined lead to an increased risk of death caused by cardiovascular conditions in schizophrenic patients...
June 2018: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664313/voluntary-wheel-running-induces-exercise-seeking-behavior-in-male-rats-a-behavioral-study
#20
Mojtaba Naghshvarian, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast, Seyedeh Fatemeh Sajjadi
BACKGROUND: Research evidence shows that exercise is associated with positive physical and mental health. Moreover, exercise and wheel running in rats activate overlapping neural systems and reward system. The most commonly used models for the study of rewarding and aversive effects of exercise involve using treadmill and wheel running paradigms in mice or rats. The purpose of our experiment was to study the influence of continuous voluntary exercise on exercise-seeking behavior. METHODS: In this experimental study, we used 24 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 275-300 g on average...
December 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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