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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517959/a-diver-with-immersion-pulmonary-oedema-and-prolonged-respiratory-symptoms
#1
Ryo Morishima, Kei Nakashima, Shinya Suzuki, Nobuo Yamami, Masahiro Aoshima
Immersion pulmonary oedema (IPE) is particularly associated with an excessive reaction to exercise and/or cold stress. IPE usually resolves without recompression therapy within a day or two. Herein we report a diver diagnosed with IPE, in whom symptoms persisted for five days. A 58-year-old man presented with sudden onset of dyspnoea, cough and haemoptysis after surfacing. He was an experienced diving instructor with a history of moderate mitral valve regurgitation. While IPE was diagnosed and oxygen administered, respiratory symptoms deteriorated, and serum C-reactive protein elevated...
December 24, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513020/irreversible-plasma-and-muscle-protein-oxidation-and-physical-exercise
#2
Giulia Gorini, Tania Gamberi, Tania Fiaschi, Michele Mannelli, Alessandra Modesti, Francesca Magherini
The imbalance between the reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species production and their handling by the antioxidant machinery (low molecular weight antioxidant molecules and antioxidant enzymes), also known as oxidative stress, is a condition caused by physiological and pathological processes. Moreover, oxidative stress may be due to an overproduction of free radicals during physical exercise. Excess of radical species leads to the modification of molecules, such as proteins - the most susceptible to oxidative modification - lipids and DNA...
December 4, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30510893/diagnostic-status-and-age-at-diagnosis-of-hypertension-on-adherence-to-lifestyle-recommendations
#3
Hyun Kim, Flavia C D Andrade
Regular physical activity, smoking cessation, and moderate alcohol consumption are important lifestyle behaviors that can be modified when managing hypertension. This study examined the associations of diagnostic status and age at hypertension diagnosis with lifestyle behaviors among individuals with hypertension. Data came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2007 to 2012 (N = 5231). Multinomial logistic regression models were used to estimate the relative risk (RR) of adopting lifestyle behaviors...
March 2019: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509698/left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-and-exertional-ventilatory-inefficiency-in-copd
#4
Paulo T Muller, Karina A M Utida, Tiago R L Augusto, Marcos V P Spreafico, Reiby C Mustafa, Ana W Xavier, Erlandson F Saraiva
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is highly prevalent in COPD and conflicting results have emerged regarding the consequences on exercise capacity in the 6MWT. We sought to examine the ventilatory efficiency and variability metrics as the primary endpoint and aerobic capacity (V'O2 ) as the secondary endpoint. METHODS: Forty subjects were included and submitted to comprehensive lung function tests, detailed pulsed-Doppler echocardiography, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing...
December 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509277/ast-to-alt-ratio-and-arterial-stiffness-in-non-fatty-liver-japanese-population-a-secondary-analysis-based-on-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
REVIEW
Yongmei Liu, Peiling Zhao, Mingliang Cheng, Lei Yu, Zhuo Cheng, Linda Fan, Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (henceforth TG/HDL-C) is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and metabolism syndrome. However, there are fewer investigations of the correlations between the aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio and brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between the AST to ALT ratio and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in a Japanese population...
December 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505444/compulsive-exercise-in-eating-disorders-proposal-for-a-definition-and-a-clinical-assessment
#6
Nina Dittmer, Corinna Jacobi, Ulrich Voderholzer
Background: Compulsive exercise has been recognized as a highly prevalent symptom in eating disorders (ED) for over 100 years and is associated with poor short-term and long-term treatment outcome. Progress in understanding and treatment of compulsive exercise will remain limited as long as no consensus framework for definition and assessment of compulsive exercise exists, as results cannot be compared across clinical studies.Based on existing literature, it was our aim to propose a transdiagnostic definition and a clinical assessment for compulsive exercise, that can be applied to adolescent and adult patients with ED...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498839/managing-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-primary-care
#7
Angelyn Chen Yin Lua, Choon How How, Thomas F J King
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) presents with a spectrum of conditions resulting from androgen excess, anovulation and metabolic syndrome. Patients with PCOS may see their primary care physicians for various presentations, including hirsutism, acne, menstrual irregularities, infertility, obesity, and psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Management of these patients should include screening for Type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Treatment should be targeted to each patient's phenotype and personal expectations such as desire for pregnancy...
November 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30487022/acute-normobaric-hypoxia-exposure-and-excess-post-exercise-oxygen-consumption
#8
James W Navalta, Elizabeth A Tanner, Nathaniel G Bodell
BACKGROUND: Excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) is an elevation in oxygen consumption (Vo₂) following exercise. Altitude decreases maximal oxygen uptake; however, studies are equivocal concerning the effect on resting metabolic rate. The EPOC response has not been studied with normobaric hypoxia. The purpose was to observe EPOC following constant-load cycling in normobaric hypoxia. METHODS: Subjects ( N = 7 women, 7 men) completed resting metabolic rate testing between 06:00 and 08:30. Constant workload cycle exercise was performed (10 min at 100 W) while breathing air from an altitude simulator under the following conditions: normoxic control (CON), 3353 m (11,001 ft; HI), and 6401 m (21,001 ft; EXT)...
December 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482367/neuromuscular-adaptations-in-shoulder-function-and-dysfunction
#9
W Ben Kibler, Todd Ellenbecker, Aaron Sciascia
Neuromuscular activity, organized in coordinated patterns, forms the basis of task-specific function in sports and exercise. The content and extent of these patterns may be variable, but include elements of activation/inhibition, co-activation, concentric/eccentric activation, proximal-to-distal activation, plyometric activation, and preactivation stiffness. They may be based on inherent neuromuscular architecture, but are commonly affected by positive or negative adaptations to imposed functional demands. Positive neuromuscular adaptations improve the efficiency of performing the task, which can result in less energy expenditure, maximum force delivered to the task, and protection of involved joints from excessive loads/motions, and improve the effectiveness of task performance...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477405/abiraterone-and-spironolactone-in-prostate-cancer-a-combination-to-avoid
#10
Bert Dhondt, Sarah Buelens, Jeroen Van Besien, Matthias Beysens, Elise De Bleser, Piet Ost, Nicolaas Lumen
OBJECTIVES:  Disease progression in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is dependent on androgen signaling. This case describes the complex adaptive androgen signaling mechanisms in mCRPC and illustrates that caution should be exercised when treating these patients with drugs influencing the androgen axis. METHODS:  Single case report and review of the literature. RESULTS:  We report the case of an 86-year-old man with mCRPC, treated with the secondary antihormonal agent abiraterone acetate...
November 26, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471385/exposure-to-high-solar-radiation-reduces-self-regulated-exercise-intensity-in-the-heat-outdoors
#11
Hidenori Otani, Mitsuharu Kaya, Akira Tamaki, Heita Goto, Ronald J Maughan
High radiant heat load reduces endurance exercise performance in the heat indoors, but this remains unconfirmed in outdoor exercise. The current study investigated the effects of variations in solar radiation on self-regulated exercise intensity and thermoregulatory responses in the heat outdoors at a fixed rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Ten male participants completed 45-min cycling exercise in hot outdoor environments (about 31 °C) at a freely chosen resistance and cadence at an RPE of 13 (somewhat hard)...
November 21, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30470666/exercise-during-pregnancy-has-a-preventative-effect-on-excessive-maternal-weight-gain-and-gestational-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ruben Barakat, Ignacio Refoyo, Javier Coteron, Evelia Franco
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain is associated with several adverse events and pathologies during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an exercise program throughout pregnancy on maternal weight gain and prevalence of gestational diabetes. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial was designed that included an exercise intervention group (EG) and standard care control group (CG). The exercise intervention included moderate aerobic exercise performed three days per week (50-55minutes per session) for 8-10 weeks to 38-39 weeks gestation...
November 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30467985/an-experimental-test-of-the-effects-of-a-target-person-s-body-weight-and-engagement-with-health-behaviours-on-perceptions-of-overall-health
#13
Clancy Black, Lenny R Vartanian, Kate Faasse
BACKGROUND: Public health campaigns commonly emphasise the association between excess weight and poor health. The present study aimed to examine the effect of information about weight and engagement with health behaviours on judgements of a person's health. METHOD: In two experimental studies, participants were asked to evaluate a target person's health and to make recommendations about that person's health-related behaviours. In Study 1 (n = 306), we manipulated the target's behaviours (healthy, unhealthy) and body weight (normal, overweight, obese); in Study 2 (n = 192), we manipulated the behaviour of an overweight target (healthy, unhealthy)...
November 22, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30459514/risk-factors-affecting-obesity-development-in-high-school-students-a-community-based-case-control-study
#14
Serdar Yıldırım, Ersin Uskun
Aim: Obesity which is described as a "global epidemics" and qualified as "excessive accumulation of fat impairing health" by the World Health Organization is an important public health problem affecting children and adolescents as well as adults. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that affected obesity in high school students in a city center. Material and Methods: A total of 386 students including 193 subjects and 193 controls were included in this case-control study...
September 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30455744/physical-and-mechanical-therapies-for-lower-limb-symptoms-in-children-with-hypermobility-spectrum-disorder-and-hypermobile-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Benjamin Peterson, Andrea Coda, Verity Pacey, Fiona Hawke
Background: Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder and Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome are two common heritable genetic disorders of connective tissue. Both conditions are characterised by excessive joint range of motion and the presence of musculoskeletal symptoms, and are associated with joint instability, motion incoordination, decreased joint position sense, and musculoskeletal pain. Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder is the new classification for what was previously known as Joint Hypermobility Syndrome...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452310/3-min-all-out-effort-on-cycle-ergometer-is-valid-to-estimate-the-anaerobic-capacity-by-measurement-of-blood-lactate-and-excess-post-exercise-oxygen-consumption
#16
Alessandro Moura Zagatto, Paulo Eduardo Redkva, Rodrigo Araújo Bonetti de Poli, Joel Abraham Martinez González, Jeniffer Zanetti Brandani, Thiago Penedo, Rômulo Cássio de Moraes Bertuzzi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of a single 3-min all-out maximal effort to estimate anaerobic capacity (AC) through the lactate and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) response methods (AC[La- ]+EPOCfast ) on a cycle ergometer. Eleven physically active men (age = 28.1 ± 4.0 yrs, height = 175.1 ± 4.2 cm, body mass = 74.8 ± 11.9 kg and ⩒O2max  = 40.7 ± 7.3 mL kg-1  min-1 ), participated in the study and performed: i) five submaximal efforts, ii) a supramaximal effort at 115% of intensity of ⩒O2max, and iii) a 3-min all-out maximal effort...
November 19, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30444914/muscle-dysmorphic-disorder-inventory-mddi-validation-of-a-german-version-with-a-focus-on-gender
#17
Almut Zeeck, Viola Welter, Hasan Alatas, Tom Hildebrandt, Claas Lahmann, Armin Hartmann
Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a condition that is characterized by body image disturbance, a drive for muscularity and excessive exercising. It leads to considerable functional impairment. Most previous studies focused on male samples. The study aimed to validate a German version of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI) in order to make the instrument available in German speaking countries. We further aimed to explore for gender differences in the MDDI factors (measurement invariance) and to assess the relationship between MD and positive dimensions of body experience as well as exercise dependence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30444457/does-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-result-in-greater-total-energy-expenditure-compared-to-high-intensity-interval-training
#18
Leonardo Vidal Andreato, Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco, João Victor Esteves
Recently in the Journal of Sports Sciences, Schaun et al. published a study on the comparison of energy expenditure between high-intensity interval training and moderate continuous training performed in water. With this Letter to the Editor, we would like to comment on the methodological aspects that should be considered to analyze the results presented, as well as the conclusions. Abbreviations: CONT, moderate-intensity continuous training; EPOC, excess post-exercise oxygen consumption; HIIT, high-intensity interval training; VO2max, maximal oxygen consumption...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30441661/robust-control-design-of-heart-rate-response-during-treadmill-exercise-under-parametric-uncertainty
#19
Yuncheng Du, Dongping Du
Rehabilitation (Rehab) exercise can benefit cardiac patients as it can promote the recovery and improve the heart wellness. However, heart failure (HF) patients can only take mild exercise, since excessive exercise may lead to fatal events. It is important to control the exercise intensity at a desired level to maximize exercise benefit. Heart Rate (HR) is an essential factor for measuring exercise intensity. Mathematical models of HR can be used to study exercise physiology. However, HR models involve model uncertainty, resulting from model calibration or variability in patients...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30439454/neuropeptide-receptors-as-potential-pharmacological-targets-for-obesity
#20
REVIEW
Beatriz T Meneguetti, Marlon H Cardoso, Camila F Acosta Ribeiro, Mário R Felício, Ingrid B Pinto, Nuno C Santos, Cristiano Marcelo E Carvalho, Octávio L Franco
Obesity is a chronic multifactorial disease, characterized by an excessive accumulation of adipose tissue. It is usually the result of excessive food intake and/or low energy expenditure. Obesity can be triggered by lifestyle, nutritional, genetic, environmental, hormonal and psychological factors. Several strategies are used to treat obesity, including dietary reeducation, with balanced food intake, increased physical exercise, in order to promote energy expenditure and to overcome the insufficiency in weight reduction by other strategies, and the administration of drugs to treat obesity...
November 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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