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Medical Profession

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725347/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-in-neck-pain-patients-depending-on-the-sex-of-the-chiropractor-a-prospective-outcome-study
#1
Janine Thöni, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The high percentage of female chiropractic students in Switzerland suggests a future sex shift in the chiropractic profession in Switzerland. Thus the purpose of this study is to determine if male and female chiropractors achieve the same treatment outcomes in neck pain patients. METHODS: Included in this prospective outcomes study were 849 patients with neck pain of any duration. Prior to the first treatment, baseline demographic data, the Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ) and the numerical rating scale (NRS) for neck and arm pain were completed...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724142/the-aging-physician-and-the-medical-profession-a-review
#2
E Patchen Dellinger, Carlos A Pellegrini, Thomas H Gallagher
Importance: The issue of the aging physician and when to cease practice has been controversial for many years. There are reports of prominent physicians who practiced after becoming dangerous in old age, but the profession has not demonstrated the ability to prevent this. A mandatory retirement age could be discriminatory and take many competent physicians out of practice and risk a physician shortage. An increasing body of evidence regarding the relationship between physicians' age and performance has led organizations, such as the American College of Surgeons, to revisit this challenge...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723811/the-afya-bora-fellowship-an-innovative-program-focused-on-creating-an-interprofessional-network-of-leaders-in-global-health
#3
Wendy M Green, Carey Farquhar, Yohana Mashalla
PROBLEM: Most current health professions education programs are focused on the development of clinical skills. As a result, they may not address the complex and interconnected nature of global health. Trainees require relevant clinical, programmatic, and leadership skills to meet the challenges of practicing in an increasingly globalized environment. APPROACH: To develop health care leaders within sub-Saharan Africa, the Afya Bora Consortium developed a one-year fellowship for medical doctors and nurses...
July 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721525/-epidemic-or-peripheral-phenomenon-a%C3%A2-medical-history-of-the-cocaine-wave-in-the-weimar-republic
#4
Hannes Walter
An empirical investigation refutes the popular conception that excessive drug usage was a widespread social phenomenon in the Weimar Republic. Although physicians warned the public and politicians of a "cocaine wave" that threatened the public health, there is no evidence that indicates a significant increase of cocaine use during the twenties. The decisive cause for this moral panic was caused instead by the disease pattern of "Cocainism". The addiction carried the imprint of an infectious disease and would destroy the body, the will, and the civic life of its victims...
July 18, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721021/addressing-the-elephant-in-the-room-a-possible-new-way-to-increase-patient-adherence-to-medical-advice
#5
Gudmund Grønhaug
Lack of patient adherence to medical advice (PAMA) is recognized as an area of interest. None of the previous initiatives to improve PAMA, such as patient centered care and shared decision making, have proved to be successful in terms of improving patient adherence. The aim of the present study is to assess beliefs about priorities in public health care, and adherence to medical advice, to establish a novel approach to increase PAMA. The present study is based on responses to two questions in an experimental survey from the Norwegian Citizen Panel, addressing people's attitudes to priorities in public health care and adherence to medical advice...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720923/a-narrative-review-of-medication-adherence-educational-interventions-for-health-professions-students
#6
REVIEW
Matthew J Witry, Michelle LaFever, Xiaomei Gu
Objective. To review published educational interventions focusing on medication non-adherence. Methods. A literature search was performed of educational articles on the topic of medication adherence. Data on interventions and learning assessments were abstracted for relevant studies meeting search criteria. Results. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria. Sixteen included pill-taking experiences with regimens of candies or placebos and varied in their inclusion of novel elements to highlight issues such as stigma, regimen complexity, and adherence measurement...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717899/the-effects-of-public-disclosure-of-industry-payments-to-physicians-on-patient-trust-a-randomized-experiment
#7
Alison R Hwong, Sunita Sah, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Financial ties between physicians and the pharmaceutical and medical device industry are common, but little is known about how patient trust is affected by these ties. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how viewing online public disclosure of industry payments affects patients' trust ratings for physicians, the medical profession, and the pharmaceutical and medical device industry. DESIGN: This was a randomized experimental evaluation...
July 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714187/a-critique-of-utilitarian-and-instrumentalist-concepts-for-the-teaching-of-gross-anatomy-to-medical-and-dental-students-an-opinion-piece
#8
Bernard J Moxham, Diogo Pais
Medical and dental curricula, together with anatomical sciences courses, are increasingly having to change, mainly because there is a drive to being what is termed, without adequate definition, 'clinically relevant'. The concept of 'clinical anatomy' has accordingly been invented and it is expected that, at all times, the teaching of anatomy is directly focussed on clinical scenarios, meaning almost invariably the 'disease-based model of medicine and dentistry'. Furthermore, students are not expected to have a detailed knowledge of gross anatomy and the time devoted to teaching and learning the subject has decreased significantly...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714151/resilience-as-a-moderator-of-the-indirect-effects-of-conflict-and-workload-on-job-outcomes-among-nurses
#9
Julie Jean Lanz, Valentina Bruk-Lee
AIM: To examine the relative effects of interpersonal conflict and workload on job outcomes (turnover intentions, burnout, injuries) and examine if resilience moderates the indirect effects of conflict and workload on job outcomes via job-related negative affect. BACKGROUND: There is interest in understanding resilience in the nursing profession. Placing resilience in the context of the Emotion-Centered Model of Occupational Stress (Spector, 1998) is a novel approach to understanding how resilience ameliorates the negative effects of workplace stressors...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712435/are-modern-health-worries-associated-with-medical-conspiracy-theories
#10
Y Lahrach, A Furnham
This study was concerned with whether Medical Conspiracy Theories (MCTs), along with other variables (demographics, ideology and health perceptions) are associated with Modern Health Worries (MHWs). MCTs were significantly associated with MHWs over and above all other variables. Older individuals, with more religious and right-wing beliefs had higher MHWs. In addition, those who used Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and individuals who perceived their mental health as worse than their peers were also more likely to display higher MHWs...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709862/1st-european-congress-of-medical-physics-september-1-4-2016-medical-physics-innovation-and-vision-within-europe-and-beyond
#11
EDITORIAL
Virginia Tsapaki, George C Kagadis, Marco Brambilla, Mario Ciocca, Catharine H Clark, Harry Delis, Giovanni Mettivier
Medical Physics is the scientific healthcare profession concerned with the application of the concepts and methods of physics in medicine. The European Federation of Organisations for Medical Physics (EFOMP) acts as the umbrella organization for European Medical Physics societies. Due to the rapid advancements in related scientific fields, medical physicists must have continuous education through workshops, training courses, conferences, and congresses during their professional life. The latest developments related to this increasingly significant medical speciality were presented during the 1st European Congress of Medical Physics 2016, held in Athens, September 1-4, 2016, organized by EFOMP, hosted by the Hellenic Association of Medical Physicists (HAMP), and summarized in the current volume...
July 11, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707710/perception-and-image-of-dermatology-in-the-german-general-population-2002-2014
#12
M Augustin, L Eissing, P Elsner, K Strömer, I Schäfer, A Enk, M Reusch, R Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: In contrast to other European countries, dermatologists in Germany provide healthcare for a broad spectrum of diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. Current population-based data on the perception of dermatology were lacking to date. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the perception of dermatology from the general population's perspective with regard to utilization, satisfaction, and responsibility. METHODS: Nation-wide survey on awareness, utilization, rating, and image of dermatology in Oct/2014 through computer-assisted telephone interviews on a representative sample of the adult general population (n = 1,015), performed by the FORSA institute...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705158/-no-patient-should-die-of-pph-just-for-the-lack-of-training-experiences-from-multi-professional-simulation-training-on-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-northern-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#13
Signe Egenberg, Bjørg Karlsen, Deodatus Massay, Happiness Kimaro, Lars Edvin Bru
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. In Tanzania, PPH causes 25% of maternal deaths. Skilled attendance is crucial to saving the lives of mothers and their newborns during childbirth. This study is a follow-up after multi-professional simulation training on PPH in northern Tanzania. The purpose was to enhance understanding and gain knowledge of important learning features and outcomes related to multi-professional simulation training on PPH...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704628/positive-affect-is-associated-with-reduced-fixation-in-a-realistic-medical-simulation
#14
Monique F Crane, Sue Brouwers, Kirsty Forrest, Suyin Tan, Thomas Loveday, Mark W Wiggins, Chris Munday, Leila David
OBJECTIVE: This study extends previous research by exploring the association between mood states (i.e., positive and negative affect) and fixation in practicing anesthetists using a realistic medical simulation. BACKGROUND: The impact of practitioner emotional states on fixation is a neglected area of research. Emerging evidence is demonstrating the role of positive affect in facilitating problem solving and innovation, with demonstrated implications for practitioner fixation...
August 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704203/nurturing-virtues-of-the-medical-profession-does-it-enhance-medical-students-empathy
#15
Marcelo Schweller, Diego Lima Ribeiro, Eloisa Valer Celeri, Marco Antonio de Carvalho-Filho
Objectives: To examine if the empathy levels of first-year medical students are amenable to didactic interventions idealized to promote values inherent to medical professional identity. Methods: This is a pretest-posttest study designed to assess the empathy levels of first-year medical students (n=166) comprising two consecutive classes of a Brazilian medical school, performed before and after a didactic intervention. Students attended a course based on values and virtues related to medical professional identity once a week over four months...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704084/the-impact-on-patients-of-a-nurse-led-clinical-service-in-gastroenterology
#16
Maria Tan, Shyam Menon, Doreen Black
Higher rates of chronic liver disease have resulted in a significant increase in the number of patients needing regular abdominal paracentesis for ascites. Waiting times for admission at the Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust had become longer and delays in intervention and treatment became inevitable. In 2014, the Trust developed a nurse-led abdominal paracentesis day-case service. A qualitative evaluation of the service was conducted using in-depth patient interviews and surveys to determine the impact of the service, including how the new nursing role affected the patient experience...
July 13, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702089/diabetes-educator-role-boundaries-in-australia-a-documentary-analysis
#17
Olivia King, Susan Nancarrow, Sandra Grace, Alan Borthwick
BACKGROUND: Diabetes educators provide self-management education for people living with diabetes to promote optimal health and wellbeing. Their national association is the Australian Diabetes Educators Association (ADEA), established in 1981. In Australia the diabetes educator workforce is a diverse, interdisciplinary entity, with nurses, podiatrists, dietitians and several other health professional groups recognised by ADEA as providers of diabetes education. Historically nurses have filled the diabetes educator role and anecdotally, nurses are perceived to have wider scope of practice when undertaking the diabetes educator role than the other professions eligible to practise diabetes education...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700461/student-hotspotting-teaching-the-interprofessional-care-of-complex-patients
#18
Pablo Bedoya, Katherine Neuhausen, Alan Dow, E Marshall Brooks, Dawn Mautner, Rebecca S Etz
PROBLEM: Individuals with complex health and social needs drive much of the total cost of care. Addressing these individuals' needs and decreasing costs requires interprofessional teams, called "hotspotters," who engage with communities with high utilization. Training health professions students to succeed in the hotspotting approach may benefit trainees, academic health centers (AHCs), and communities. APPROACH: The Camden Coalition of Healthcare Providers and the Association of American Medical Colleges launched the Interprofessional Student Hotspotting Learning Collaborative in 2014...
July 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700029/ethos-and-pathos-in-the-delivery-room
#19
Virgínia Junqueira Oliveira, Claudia Maria de Mattos Penna
Objective: To understand the ethos and pathos in the discourses of pregnant women and healthcare professionals in the context of the delivery room. Method: This is a qualitative and interpretative study. The research approach was discourse analysis. The study participants were 36 women and 24 health workers from seven maternity hospitals in midwestern Minas Gerais, Brazil. Results: The discourses indicate the notion the women have of childbirth, centered in the eyes of others and in their representations...
July 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699126/a-report-on-ten-asia-pacific-countries-on-current-status-and-future-directions-of-the-genetic-counseling-profession-the-establishment-of-the-professional-society-of-genetic-counselors-in-asia
#20
Mercy Y Laurino, Kathleen A Leppig, Peter James Abad, Breana Cham, Yoyo Wing Yiu Chu, Saahil Kejriwal, Juliana M H Lee, Darci L Sternen, Jennifer K Thompson, Matthew J Burgess, Shu Chien, Niby Elackatt, Jiin Ying Lim, Thanyachai Sura, Sultana Faradz, Carmencita Padilla, Eva Cutiongco de-la Paz, Donny Nauphar, Khanh Ngoc Nguyen, Olya Zayts, Dung Chi Vu, Meow-Keong Thong
The Professional Society of Genetic Counselors in Asia (PSGCA) was recently established as a special interest group of the Asia Pacific Society of Human Genetics. Fostering partnerships across the globe, the PSGCA's vision is to be the lead organization that advances and mainstreams the genetic counseling profession in Asia and ensures individuals have access to genetic counseling services. Its mission is to promote quality genetic counseling services in the region by enhancing practice and curricular standards, research and continuing education...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
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