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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550382/same-principles-different-worlds-a-critical-discourse-analysis-of-medical-ethics-and-nursing-ethics-in-finnish-professional-texts
#1
Salla Saxén
This qualitative social scientific study explores professional texts of healthcare ethics to understand the ways in which ethical professionalism in medicine and nursing are culturally constructed in Finland. Two books in ethics, published by Finnish national professional organizations-one for nurses and one for physicians-were analyzed with the method of critical discourse analysis. Codes of ethics for each profession were also scrutinized. Analysis of the texts sought to reveal what is taken for granted in the texts as well as to speculate what appeared to be relegated to the margins of the texts or left entirely invisible...
May 26, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546983/efficacy-of-purposeful-educational-workshop-of-medical-and-nonmedical-interventions-based-on-needs-assessments-in-nurses
#2
Abbas Attari, Mahin Aminoroaia, Mohammd Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: The medical and nonmedical care of patients is the necessary skills in nursing profession. That it needs proper knowledge and attitude. Hence, it is important to promote nurses' knowledge and attitude by education based on need assessment. This study aimed to define the efficacy of a medical and nonmedical intervention educational workshop on nurses' knowledge and attitude until 3 months after holding the workshop in psychiatric wards of educational hospitals in Isfahan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a quasi-experimental study...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545431/structured-feedback-on-students-concept-maps-the-proverbial-path-to-learning
#3
Conran Joseph, David Conradsson, Lena Nilsson Wikmar, Michael Rowe
BACKGROUND: Good conceptual knowledge is an essential requirement for health professions students, in that they are required to apply concepts learned in the classroom to a variety of different contexts. However, the use of traditional methods of assessment limits the educator's ability to correct students' conceptual knowledge prior to altering the educational context. Concept mapping (CM) is an educational tool for evaluating conceptual knowledge, but little is known about its use in facilitating the development of richer knowledge frameworks...
May 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544334/corruption-or-professional-dignity-an-ethical-examination-of-the-phenomenon-of-red-envelopes-monetary-gifts-in-medical-practice-in-china
#4
Wei Zhu, Lijie Wang, Chengshang Yang
In the medical practice in China, giving and taking "red envelopes" (monetary gifts) is a common phenomenon although few openly admit it. This paper, based on our empirical study including data collected from interviews and questionnaires with medical professionals and patients, attempts to explore why "red envelopes" have become a serious problem in the physician-patient relationship and how the situation can be improved. Previous studies show that scholars tend to correlate the spread of "red envelopes" in health care sector to the commercialization trend, the general erosion of traditional values, and the lowering of the moral level in the medical field...
May 21, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543671/patient-centred-dietetic-care-from-the-perspectives-of-older-malnourished-patients
#5
E Hazzard, L Barone, M Mason, K Lambert, A McMahon
BACKGROUND: Governing organisations for health services currently recommend a patient-centred (PC) approach to practice for all health professions, including dietetics. For the vulnerable older malnourished patient, this approach needs to be prioritised to improve outcomes. The paucity of patient experience data likely limits evidence-based, patient-centred care (PCC) from being implemented effectively. The present study aimed to identify quality indicators of dietetic services from the perspectives of older malnourished patients to inform evidence-based PC dietetic care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542981/dental-providers-and-pharmacists-a-call-for-enhanced-interprofessional-collaboration
#6
Henning Lygre, Reidun Lisbet Skeide Kjome, Hailey Choi, Autumn L Stewart
Reports concerning medication discrepancies in dental records indicate that the concept of interprofessional collaboration between the dental team and pharmacists should be considered at all educational levels in dentistry and pharmacy. Inclusion of oral health as a therapeutic area in didactic pharmacy curricula is needed. Early exposure of dental students and student pharmacists to collaborative practices through interprofessional educational experiences may create a higher degree of awareness of the role of each profession and the potential to improve patient outcomes...
May 21, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540900/quality-of-life-of-hemodialysis-patients-in-togo-a-single-center-study-on-64-hemodialysis-patients-at-the-sylvanus-olympio-university-hospital-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#7
Kossi Akomola Sabi, Béfa Noto-Kadou-Kaza, Eyram Yoan Amekoudi, Jacques Vigan, Kokou Ayamekpe, Dégnon Amedegnato
This study aims at assessing patients' quality of life during hemodialysis (HD) and determining influencing factors. This prospective study was conducted over a three-month period (December 1, 2012-February 28, 2013) at the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital (CHU-SO) HD unit, the only center to provide such services in Togo. Respondents used the standard Medical Outcome Survey-Short Form 36 questionnaire. This study was conducted on 64 patients (44 males and 20 females = M/F ratio 2.2). Mean patient age was 45...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540315/invasive-listeria-monocytogenes-gastroenteritis-leading-to-stupor-bacteremia-fever-and-diarrhea-a-rare-life-threatening-condition
#8
Hassan Mehmood, Asghar Dil Jan Khan Marwat, Noman Ahmed Jang Khan
Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive, rod-shaped organism that can cause serious infections such as meningitis, invasive gastroenteritis, and endocarditis. Every year 1600 people in the United States are affected, with significant mortality of 260 people annually. Listeria gastroenteritis has the third highest mortality rate among all the food-borne infection. Invasive listeriosis most commonly affect pregnant women, those in extremes of ages, people with comorbid diseases, and people with weakened immune response...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535319/linking-the-heart-and-the-head-humanism-and-professionalism-in-medical-education-and-practice
#9
Lynda Montgomery, Sana Loue, Kurt C Stange
This paper articulates a practical interpretive framework for understanding humanism in medicine through the lens of how it is taught and learned. Beginning with a search for key tensions and relevant insights in the literature on humanism in health professions education, we synthesized a conceptual model designed to foster reflection and action to realize humanistic principles in medical education and practice. The resulting model centers on the interaction between the heart and the head. The heart represents the emotive domains of empathy, compassion, and connectedness...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532209/master-s-degrees-meeting-the-standards-for-medical-and-health-professions-education
#10
Ara S Tekian, David C M Taylor
Increasing numbers of educators are finding it necessary to obtain advanced training in medical and health professions education. This demand has been met by a wide variety of postgraduate courses. In this Guide, we present an international consensus statement of the standards to which Master's courses in medical and health professions education should aspire.
May 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529232/backwards-medicine-female-atavism-whiteness-and-the-medical-profession-in-the-pineal-eye
#11
Deanna Gross Scherger
This article examines atavism as a theory of racial science in the nineteenth-century United States that illuminates how the developing medical profession reinforced racial, class, and gender hierarchies to gain cultural authority. I use John S. Partridge's "The Pineal Eye," a little-known short story published in San Francisco's The Wave in 1894, as a case study that reveals how atavism was conceived as pathology within the purview of medical study. Partridge intertwines established atavistic discourse that asserted the Anglo-Saxon female body as paradoxically modern in terms of racial identity and primitive in terms of sex with scientific experimentation and male medical authority, resulting in evolutionary regression...
2017: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526512/privacy-trainee-rights-and-accountability-in-radiology-education
#12
REVIEW
Cory M Pfeifer
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Academic radiologists commonly hold multiple simultaneous roles within the landscape of physician training. This paper analyzes theoretical scenarios describing relationships between medical students, residents, and physician educators in radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The scenarios presented involve medical student supervision, radiology resident recruitment, and resident termination with respect to relevant ethical, regulatory, and legal considerations...
March 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526035/microblogging-violent-attacks-on-medical-staff%C3%A2-in-china-a-case-study-of-the-longmen-county-people-s-hospital-incident
#13
Jia Tian, Li Du
BACKGROUND: A violent attack on medical staff in Guangdong Province, in which a female doctor at Longmen County People's Hospital (LCPH) was severely injured by a knife-wielding patient, has drawn significant public attention to the phenomenon of hospital violence and initiated discussions on how to resolve violence in hospitals. Social networking sites, such as Sina Weibo, a Chinese version of Twitter, have played a role in this public debate. The incident at LCPH provides an opportunity to examine how Weibo has been used in the debate about violence against medical staff in China...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524891/how-can-i-promote-healing-outside-of-my-clinical-setting-for-patients-in-need-of-a-transplantation
#14
Adrienne Schleisman
Nurses are individuals called to both care for patients and families and facilitate the healing process. Our profession fills a unique role in health care as oncology nurses combine medical science with the art of interpersonal relationships to provide both physical and emotional support for patients. Promoting healing and facilitating adjustment draws individuals to become exceptional nurses and is an innate quality of oncology nurses (American Nurses Association, 2016). It is a characteristic not easily separated from one's personality...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521768/development-of-a-written-assessment-for-a-national-interprofessional-cardiotocography-education-program
#15
Line Thellesen, Thomas Bergholt, Morten Hedegaard, Nina Palmgren Colov, Karl Bang Christensen, Kristine Sylvan Andersen, Jette Led Sorensen
BACKGROUND: To reduce the incidence of hypoxic brain injuries among newborns a national cardiotocography (CTG) education program was implemented in Denmark. A multiple-choice question test was integrated as part of the program. The aim of this article was to describe and discuss the test development process and to introduce a feasible method for written test development in general. METHODS: The test development was based on the unitary approach to validity. The process involved national consensus on learning objectives, standardized item writing, pilot testing, sensitivity analyses, standard setting and evaluation of psychometric properties using Item Response Theory models...
May 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514889/pain-perception-in-nicu-a-pilot-questionnaire
#16
C V Bellieni, M Tei, S Cornacchione, S Di Lucia, V Nardi, A Verrotti, G Buonocore
PURPOSE: Neonatal pain management has made a great step forward over the last several years. Despite the drafting of International guidelines, an under-treatment of neonatal pain is still reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical and paramedical personnel working in 5 Italian NICUs were asked to complete a questionnaire about pain management. The questionnaire was comprised of three sections: (i) brief explanation of the purpose; (ii) demographic information, including age, profession, religious beliefs, and hospital level; (iii) questionnaire about pain management and prevention...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514358/-ionizing-radiation-and-laryngeal-cancer
#17
V F Antoniv, V I Popaduyk, T V Antoniv
The cause behind the currently ever increasing number of patients presenting with laryngeal cancer lies not only in the lack of the apprehensive attitude toward oncological diseases among the medical profession but also in the changing conditions of human life and environment. As many as 165 patients suffering from laryngeal cancer of the 490 ones admitted to our clinic had undergone the influence of ionizing radiation before they were allocated to the main study group while the remaining 325 cases made up the control group...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514013/antimicrobial-prescribing-in-dogs-and-cats-in-australia-results-of-the-australasian-infectious-disease-advisory-panel-survey
#18
L Y Hardefeldt, S Holloway, D J Trott, M Shipstone, V R Barrs, R Malik, M Burrows, S Armstrong, G F Browning, M Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Investigations of antimicrobial use in companion animals are limited. With the growing recognition of the need for improved antimicrobial stewardship, there is urgent need for more detailed understanding of the patterns of antimicrobial use in this sector. OBJECTIVES: To investigate antimicrobial use for medical and surgical conditions in dogs and cats by Australian veterinarians. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed over 4 months in 2011...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513617/the-perceived-impact-of-the-european-registration-system-for-genetic-counsellors-and-nurses
#19
Milena Paneque, Ramona Moldovan, Christophe Cordier, Clara Serra-Juhé, Irene Feroce, Sara Pasalodos, Emmanuelle Haquet, Debby Lambert, Inga Bjørnevoll, Heather Skirton
The aim of the European Board of Medical Genetics has been to develop and promote academic and professional standards necessary in order to provide competent genetic counselling services. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of the European registration system for genetic nurses and counsellors from the perspectives of those professionals who have registered. Registration system was launched in 2013. A cross-sectional, online survey was used to explore the motivations and experiences of those applying for, and the effect of registration on their career...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513616/complementariness-between-medical-geneticists-and-genetic-counsellors-its-added-value-in-genetic-services-in-europe
#20
Milena Paneque, Clara Serra-Juhé, Rebecka Pestoff, Christophe Cordier, João Silva, Ramona Moldovan, Charlotta Ingvoldstad
Clinical genetic services have progressed significantly the last few decades. This has led to the need for non-medical health-care professionals working as genetic counsellors in Europe and worldwide. However, there is no unified approach to genetic counsellors' role in health-care services in Europe, as in most countries the profession is still emerging and the educational backgrounds diverge noticeably, within and between countries. This qualitative study aims to describe the potential added value of genetic counsellors in clinical genetics teams and to explore their tasks and responsibilities in different European countries...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
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