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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914221/-the-default-setting-of-memory-is-forgetting
#1
D Draaisma
From the age of about 60, many people begin to experience difficulties with tasks that require the use of prospective memory and begin to have trouble finding words and names. Worried that these symptoms may be indicative of the onset of Alzheimer's disease, many of them fill in online self-tests or consult their family doctor. In the vast majority of cases, symptoms like these indicate completely natural age-related forgetfulness. Physicians should encourage a socially active lifestyle to slow down further decline...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913494/the-public-perception-of-the-anaesthesiologist-in-romania-a-survey
#2
Adela Hilda Onutu, Cristina Rus, Iurie Acalovschi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the public perception of anaesthesiologists' duties regarding perioperative management lacks a good understanding. The aim of this study was to assess the public perception of the anaesthesiologist's role before, during and after surgery, in Romania. METHOD: The prospective cross-sectional study was undertaken between January 2015 and August 2016. A questionnaire that comprised 23 questions was uploaded on Google at https://docs...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901917/ensuring-proactive-regulatory-initiatives-align-with-the-public-interest
#4
Kathleen Leslie, Sioban Nelson
Regulation of health professions in Ontario has been under scrutiny in recent years with critical media attention and multiple legislative reform measures. The College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario's proactive regulatory initiative on steering professional culture, described by Wilkie and Tzountzouris (2017) in their discussion paper, is an example of a regulator evolving its role in the face of changing healthcare demands. In this response, we emphasize how regulators considering these types of initiatives need to ensure the focus remains on transparently carrying out their legislative duty of serving and protecting the public interest...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901912/enabling-evolving-practice-for-healthcare-professionals-a-regulator-s-journey
#5
Kathy Wilkie, John Tzountzouris
The inherent risk involved in the provision of healthcare services leads to the inevitable requirement of health human resource oversight to protect the public from harm (Bayne 2012). As healthcare systems evolve, so do theoretical models for, and practical applications of, health human resource oversight policy and processes. The College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario (CMLTO), as one of 26 health regulatory bodies in Ontario, implements programs or processes to enact and support changes in the knowledge, skill and judgment of their members...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901911/defining-health-profession-regulators-roles-in-the-canadian-healthcare-system
#6
Joshua Tepper, Humayun Ahmed, Adalsteinn D Brown
Health professions regulation today faces a myriad of challenges, due to both the perceived performance of regulatory colleges, how health systems have evolved, and even larger political and economic shifts such as the renegotiation of NAFTA. In this issue of Healthcare Papers, Wilkie and Tzountzouris (2017) describe the work of the College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario (CMLTO) to redefine professionalism in the context of these challenges. Their paper, and the comments of the responding authors in this issue highlight that there, is an overarching perception that health regulatory structures - across a range of professions - are not working as effectively as they should...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901869/the-expulsion-of-south-africa-and-rhodesia-from-the-commonwealth-medical-association-1947-70
#7
John Stewart
In 1970 the medical associations of South Africa and Rhodesia (now, Zimbabwe) were expelled from the Commonwealth Medical Association. The latter had been set up, as the British Medical Commonwealth Medical Conference, in the late 1940s by the British Medical Association (BMA). These expulsions, and the events leading up to them, are the central focus of this article. The BMA's original intention was to establish an organisation bringing together the medical associations of the constituent parts of the expanding Commonwealth...
October 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901645/measuring-achievement-goal-motivation-mindsets-and-cognitive-load-validation-of-three-instruments-scores
#8
David A Cook, Richmond M Castillo, Becca Gas, Anthony R Artino
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of motivation and cognitive load has potential value in health professions education. Our objective was to evaluate the validity of scores from Dweck's Implicit Theories of Intelligence Scale (ITIS), Elliot's Achievement Goal Questionnaire-Revised (AGQ-R) and Leppink's cognitive load index (CLI). METHODS: This was a validity study evaluating internal structure using reliability and factor analysis, and relationships with other variables using the multitrait-multimethod matrix...
October 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901341/-healthcare-services-citizen-s-right-and-healthcare-systems-safeguard-considerations-rising-from-the-charlie-gard-story
#9
Giuseppe R Gristina
The story of Charlie Gard, an 11-month-old boy suffering from a rare inherited mitochondrial disease called 'infantile encephalomyopathic mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome' and kept alive thanks to life supports, rises some issues regarding the provision of healthcare. Is there a right of an individual person to buy any healthcare benefits only because he has enough money to do so? If the answer is 'yes', in light of the distributive justice principle how do governments balance this right with the obligation to regulate health care systems ensuring that all treatments are useful and affordable for everybody? Many considerations of the best interest of patients can be found in this debate, but we cannot ignore neither the value of the scientific method as the cornerstone of the medical profession nor a commitment to support the moral integrity of clinical practice by refusing to provide treatments that do not meet a reasonable threshold of scientific justification evidence-based...
September 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893766/barriers-facilitators-and-survival-strategies-for-gps-seeking-treatment-for-distress-a-qualitative-study
#10
Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Clare Gerada, David Kessler, Nick Leggett, Chris Manning, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Ruth Riley
BACKGROUND: GPs are under increasing pressure due to a lack of resources, a diminishing workforce, and rising patient demand. As a result, they may feel stressed, burnt out, anxious, or depressed. AIM: To establish what might help or hinder GPs experiencing mental distress as they consider seeking help for their symptoms, and to explore potential survival strategies. DESIGN AND SETTING: The authors recruited 47 GP participants via e-mails to doctors attending a specialist service, adverts to local medical committees (LMCs) nationally and in GP publications, social media, and snowballing...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890927/analysis-of-six-reviews-on-the-quality-of-instruments-for-the-evaluation-of-interprofessional-education-in-german-speaking-countries
#11
Jan P Ehlers, Sylvia Kaap-Fröhlich, Cornelia Mahler, Theresa Scherer, Marion Huber
Background: More and more institutions worldwide and in German-speaking countries are developing and establishing interprofessional seminars in undergraduate education of health professions. In order to evaluate the different didactic approaches and different outcomes regarding the anticipated interprofessional competencies, it is necessary to apply appropriate instruments. Cross-cultural instruments are particularly helpful for international comparability. The Interprofessional Education working group of the German Medical Association (GMA) aims at identifying existing instruments for the evaluation of interprofessional education in order to make recommendations for German-speaking countries...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890091/-what-does-the-medical-physicist-expect-from-the-radiation-oncologist-and-vice-versa
#12
A Lisbona
The cooperation between radiation oncologist and medical physicist is essential to guarantee the quality and safety of the irradiation of our patients. It would be wrong to consider that the intervention of medical physicists in the patient management process is limited to the provision of calibrated and controlled equipment and to guarantee the validity of the dose distribution and the treatment time, while the radiation oncologist has the complete control of all clinical activities related to irradiation...
September 7, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889788/exploring-perspectives-on-restraint-during-medical-procedures-in-paediatric-care-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-nurses-and-physicians
#13
Edel Jannecke Svendsen, Reidar Pedersen, Anne Moen, Ida Torunn Bjørk
The aim of this study was to explore nurses' and physicians' perspectives on and reasoning about the use of restraint during medical procedures on newly admitted preschoolers in somatic hospital care. We analysed qualitative data from individual interviews with a video recall session at the end with seven physicians and eight nurses. They had earlier participated in video recorded peripheral vein cannulations on preschool children. The data were collected between May 2012 and May 2013 at a paediatric hospital unit in Norway...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883567/what-is-a-profession
#14
J W Aukett
Loss of autonomy should mean that dentistry may no longer be viewed as a profession. Relationships between medical professions, patients and politicians evolve as society disease patterns change. A new and more appropriately modern definition of what constitutes a profession may now be needed.
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882927/sharp-instrument-injuries-among-hospital-healthcare-workers-in-mainland-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Sheng-Li Huang, Qun Lu, Shan-Hong Fan, Zhi-Yong Zong, Tie-Ying Hou, Bai-Yi Chen, Jin-Ai Qin, Yao Suo, Xiao-Dong Gao, Ning-Ning Wang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sharp instrument injuries in hospital-based healthcare workers (HCWs) in mainland China and the contributing factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The data were derived from public hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 360 hospitals were recruited in the study, including 289 general hospitals and 71 specialised hospitals. Among them, 194 are tertiary-level hospitals and 166 are secondary level...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878419/l%C3%A2-euthanasie-de-convenance-des-animaux-de-compagnie-portrait-du-dilemme-au-sein-de-la-profession-v%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-rinaire-qu%C3%A3-b%C3%A3-coise
#16
Dominick Rathwell-Deault, Béatrice Godard, Diane Frank, André Ravel, Béatrice Doizé
Convenience euthanasia in companion animals: Dilemma among veterinarians in Quebec. Many veterinarians working in the field of companion animal medicine have to deal with requests for convenience euthanasia in their practices. As it is the case in other medical fields, veterinarians are trained to treat their patients. It is thus easy to understand that veterinarians consider convenience euthanasia as one of the most difficult ethical dilemmas they have to deal with in their practice. Regulatory boundaries concerning the practice of euthanasia are limited to the method use to induce the death of the animal but do not give any indication as to what should be the proper circumstances surrounding the request...
September 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877624/work-motivation-among-healthcare-professionals
#17
Sofia Kjellström, Gunilla Avby, Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Boel Andersson Gäre, Monica Andersson Bäck
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore work motivation among professionals at well-functioning primary healthcare centers subject to a national healthcare reform which include financial incentives. Design/methodology/approach Five primary healthcare centers in Sweden were purposively selected for being well-operated and representing public/private and small/large units. In total, 43 interviews were completed with different medical professions and qualitative deductive content analysis was conducted...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877363/establishing-an-ultrasound-curriculum-in-undergraduate-medical-education-how-much-time-does-it-take
#18
Yonaton Siegel-Richman, John Kendall
OBJECTIVES: Over the years, the use of ultrasound in the medical profession has become a common occurrence. As a result, many medical schools are considering an ultrasound curriculum for first- and second-year medical students. The question posed by many of these programs is how much time and effort are required to establish such a curriculum. We at the University of Colorado School of Medicine sought to quantify the resources and time required. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study that analyzed the time spent teaching, as well as the types of instructors (eg, faculty, resident, and peer student) that contributed to our ultrasound curriculum...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877123/care-autonomy-and-gender-in-nursing-practice-a-historical-study-of-nurses-experiences
#19
Paola Galbany-Estragués, Dolors Comas-d'Argemir
BACKGROUND: Care is the essence of the nursing role and is closely related to the concept of professional autonomy. Autonomy is implicated in power relations between doctors and nurses and between men and women. These relationships are closely linked to care practices and the inequality of nursing and medicine. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze nursing discourse regarding the concept of care and its relationship to the concept of autonomy and gender...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876987/a-novel-approach-to-simulation-based-education-for-veterinary-medical-communication-training-over-eight-consecutive-pre-clinical-quarters
#20
Ryane E Englar
Experiential learning through the use of standardized patients (SPs) is the primary way by which human medical schools teach clinical communication. The profession of veterinary medicine has followed suit in response to new graduates' and their employers' concerns that veterinary interpersonal skills are weak and unsatisfactory. As a result, standardized clients (SCs) are increasingly relied upon as invaluable teaching tools within veterinary curricula to advance relationship-centered care in the context of a clinical scenario...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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