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Intimate relationship

Pamela J Burke, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Allegra Spalding, Lydia A Shrier
PURPOSE: To better understand links between depressive symptoms and high-risk sexual behavior in young women. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with young women from three primary care clinics who reported clinically significant depressive symptoms, had penile-vaginal sexual intercourse within the past 6 months, and met at least one sexual risk criterion (N = 16, age 16-23 years, racially/ethnically diverse). We transcribed the interview recordings, organized and coded the data, and conducted a directed content analysis...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Ling-Bing Meng, Ze-Mou Yu, Peng Guo, Qing-Qing Wang, Ruo-Mei Qi, Meng-Jie Shan, Jian Lv, Tao Gong
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac-cerebral vascular diseases (CCVDs) are global health problems due to the characteristic of high mortality. It is found that atherosclerosis (AS), a main cause of CCVDs, is significantly relevant to the change of intimal and media thickness. Neutrophil count (NEU) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (N/L) are recognized possible risk factors for atherosclerosis (AS). However, there are few studies on the separate relationship between carotid intimal thickness, media thickness and NEU, N/L...
August 3, 2018: Thrombosis Research
Amanda D Boyd, Chris M Furgal
Indigenous populations are recognized as a group who are potentially vulnerable to environmental health hazards due to their intimate relationship with and reliance on local environments for aspects of culture, health, and well-being. In many circumstances barriers to effective communication and health risk management are linked to cultural, economic, and geographic factors. A systematic literature review was conducted to consolidate peer-reviewed research on the communication of environmental health risks with Indigenous populations...
August 17, 2018: Health Communication
Alana J Gunn, Tina K Sacks, Alexis Jemal
Significant previous research has focused on how individuals experience stigma when interacting with the public sphere and service agencies; the purpose of this grounded theory study is to explore how formerly incarcerated mothers with histories of substance use experience stigmas from their intimate relationships with family and romantic partners. Using an intersectionality lens, this study reveals that the women perceived multiple stigmas due to their previous substance use, incarceration, and other addiction-related behaviors that challenged their roles as mothers and romantic partners...
July 2018: Qualitative Social Work: QSW: Research and Practice
Xiao-Ming Ai, Li-Chen Ho, Lu-Lu Han, Jin-Jing Lu, Xiong Yue, Nian-Yin Yang
The extensive performance of splenectomy worldwide for patients suffered from splenic trauma has given rise to high risks of postoperative complications, which has been attracting increasing attention in recent years. Nowadays the spleen is regarded as a versatile organ of the human body, invested with various excellent properties. The spleen has been recognized to take a great part in lipid metabolism. While removal of the spleen intends to alter lipid values, especially with an elevated LDL, splenic autotransplantation is able to normalize these lipid alterations...
August 16, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Guangmang Liu, Wei Cao, Gang Jia, Hua Zhao, Xiaoling Chen, Jing Wang
The animal gut effectively prevents the entry of hazardous substances and microbes while permitting the transfer of nutrients, such as water, electrolytes, vitamins, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals and microbial metabolites, which are intimately associated with intestinal homoeostasis. The gut maintains biological functions through its nutrient-sensing receptors, including the Ca-sensing receptor (CaSR), which activates a variety of signalling pathways, depending on cellular context. CaSR coordinates food digestion and nutrient absorption, promotes cell proliferation and differentiation, regulates energy metabolism and immune response, stimulates hormone secretion, mitigates secretory diarrhoea and enhances intestinal barrier function...
August 15, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Esther M Bauleni, Leesa Hooker, Hassan P Vally, Angela Taft
The reproductive years are a critical period where women experience greater risk of intimate-partner violence (IPV). Most studies investigating the association between IPV and reproductive health have been completed in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to examine the relationship between IPV and women's reproductive decision-making in Victoria, Australia. We analysed secondary data from a cluster-randomised trial of IPV screening that surveyed new mothers attending Maternal- and Child-Health centres in Melbourne...
August 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Daniel M Patton, Terry Li, Marie-France Hétu, Andrew G Day, Erika Preece, Murray F Matangi, Amer M Johri
PURPOSE: Circumferential speckle tracking carotid artery strain is a novel method of quantifying vessel wall stiffness. We hypothesized that carotid wall stiffness would be associated with carotid intimal medial thickening (a medial process associated with risk factors), but not coronary artery disease (an intimal process). METHODS: Bilateral carotid artery ultrasound was conducted on outpatients who had previously undergone elective coronary angiography. Mean carotid artery far wall circumferential strain (FWCS) was assessed for correlations with coronary angiographic stenosis, cardiac risk factors, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and carotid plaque...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
David C Buitenweg, Ilja L Bongers, Dike van de Mheen, Hans A M van Oers, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) is a broad outcome that is often used to assess the impact of treatment and care interventions in mental health services. QoL, however, is known to be influenced by individual values and preferences. To investigate this heterogeneity on the individual level, this study aimed to distinguish classes with distinct QoL profiles in a broad group of people with severe mental health problems and to identify the QoL domains that are most strongly related to the classes...
August 13, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Shubha Kamana Mandal, Leesa Hooker, Hassan Vally, Angela Taft
Intimate-partner violence and poor mental health are common, harmful issues for women of childbearing age. Although the prevalence and correlates of postpartum depression are well established, far less is known about postpartum anxiety. We aimed to investigate the association between postnatal depression and anxiety, and intimate-partner violence among women attending Victorian Maternal and Child Health services, using data from a randomised control trial: Improving Maternal and Child Health care for Vulnerable Mothers (MOVE)...
August 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Dale Spencer, Laura M Funk, Rachel V Herron, Emily Gerbrandt, Lisette Dansereau
One topic rarely addressed in the literature on older adults and interpersonal violence is the violence that can be experienced by family carers in relationship with a person living with cognitive impairment. This violence tends to remain hidden and is rarely framed as intimate partner violence. We examine how situations of intimidation and violence invoked fear in family carers and how they interpreted and reacted to these circum- stances. Interview and diary data were collected from family members who had previously or were currently experiencing some form of aggression in caring for someone with cognitive impairment or dementia...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
M H G Kuijpers
This paper introduces the methodology of perceptive categories through which an empirical analysis of skill is achievable, taking European Bronze Age metalworking as a case study. Based on scientific data provided by the material sciences, in this case compositional and metallographic analyses of Late Copper Age and Early Bronze Age axes, the thresholds to categorise and interpret these data, and organise them in a chaîne opératoire , are centred on the human senses-and thus on metalworking as a craft. This is a pragmatic approach that appreciates scientific measurements of metal objects as essential empirical evidence whilst recognising that a considerable share of these archaeometric data are inapt or too detailed for an understanding of skill...
2018: Journal of archaeological method and theory
Heather Carmichael, Ethan Jamison, Kirk A Bol, Robert McIntyre, Catherine G Velopulos
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent but underrecognized; at least 25% of United States women experience IPV within their lifetime. We examined the most severe consequence of IPV by exploring the patterns of death from IPV in a statewide database of homicide victims. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the Colorado Violent Death Reporting System from 2004 to 2015. Deaths were coded as IPV if the primary relationship between the suspect and victim fell into the following categories: spouse, ex-spouse, girlfriend/boyfriend, and ex-girlfriend/ex-boyfriend...
October 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Arietta Slade, Jeremy Holmes
Attachment theory provides a model for understanding (1) development within the context of the child's primary, and formative relationships, and (2) an adult's orientation toward lifelong intimate connections, social relationships, and autonomous exploration. Psychotherapy researchers have linked measures of patient attachment with therapeutic alliance, process, and outcomes. Studies of ruptures and discourse analysis distinguish in-session behaviors associated with different patterns of insecure attachments, and identify distinct ways of working with them...
July 5, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
Francis Barchi, Samantha C Winter, Danielle Dougherty, Peggie Ramaphane, Phyllis L Solomon
Although links between mental health and intimate partner violence (IPV) have been discussed extensively in the scholarly literature, little empirical data exist about these phenomena in Botswana. This study addressed this gap by examining the nature, extent, and risk factors associated with symptoms of major depressive disorders (MDD) using cross-sectional data collected in 2009-2010 in northwestern Botswana. A random sample of 469 women participated in semistructured interviews about their lives, health, and experiences with violence...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Gina Troisi
In a global context where the percentage of women who are victim of violence is still high (World Health Organization, 2013), intimate partner violence (IPV) can be considered the most widespread form of violence against women: in such cases violent attacks are perpetuated or threatened by a partner or ex-partner within an intimate relationship, which makes its recognition more difficult. IPV requires specific tools and, although the literature has highlighted the specific role played by some emotions (such as shame, guilt, and fear) that keep women experiencing this violence in a state of passivity and confusion, to date too little attention has been given to the construction of sound instruments able to detect post-traumatic affectivity...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jannatul Ferdos, Mosfequr Rahman
This study explores the relationship between malnutrition and intimate partner violence (IPV) among 1,086 young adult Bangladeshi women aged 15-24 years using a cross-sectional data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS). About one-third (33.4%) young adult women experienced physical and/or sexual IPV, 14.5% experienced only sexual IPV and 29% experienced only physical IPV by husbands. About 32.6% young adult women were reported as being underweight (BMI < 18.5) and 6.2% were overweight (BMI ≥ 25)...
August 6, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Caron Zlotnick, Golfo Tzilos Wernette, Christina A Raker
Intimate partner victimization (IPV) during the perinatal period is associated with adverse outcomes for the woman, her developing fetus, and any children in her care. Maternal mental health concerns, including depression and anxiety, are prevalent during the perinatal period particularly among women experiencing IPV. Screening and interventions for IPV targeting women seeking mental health treatment are lacking. In the current study, we examine the feasibility, acceptability, and the preliminary efficacy of a brief, motivational computer-based intervention, SURE (Strength for U in Relationship Empowerment), for perinatal women with IPV seeking mental health treatment...
August 7, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Kun Tang, Xueqi Qu, Chunyan Li, Shihui Tan
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious public health problem worldwide. OBJECTIVES: We reported the prevalence of CSA and examined its association with risky sexual behaviors and adverse reproductive health outcomes among college students in China. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Participants were 17,966 college students from 130 colleges in Eastern, Central, and Western China, who completed the online questionnaire in January-August 2015...
August 4, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Florian Beck, Nina Lauterbrunner, Stefan Lettner, Andreas Stavropoulos, Christian Ulm, Kristina Bertl
BACKGROUND: Elevation of the schneiderian membrane, during maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) may theoretically result in devitalization of adjacent teeth, which are in a close spatial relationship to the sinus floor. PURPOSE: To assess retrospectively the probability of devitalization of teeth adjacent to the osteotomy site after MSFA in a relatively large number of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All MSFA procedures, performed at a university oral surgery clinic within a time period of 10 years, were assessed on the following eligibility criteria: (1) presence of vital teeth (ie, not root canal treated and no periapical radiolucency on a panoramic radiograph taken just after MSFA), (2) presence of a 3 to 12 months postoperative radiograph of the teeth adjacent to the osteotomy site displaying the root apices, and (3) complete medical records up to at least 12 months postoperatively...
August 7, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
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