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Intimate relationship

Sławomir Tobis, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Dorota Talarska, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Aleksandra Suwalska
Introduction: No comprehensive needs assessment is performed routinely in Poland. Purpose: The goal of the study was to investigate the patterns of needs in older individuals living in long-term care institutions (LTCIs) using the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly (CANE) questionnaire, based on a previously published study protocol. Participants and methods: The study included 306 LTCI residents (age: ≥75 years) with the a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of at least 10 points...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Barbara Poletti, Laura Carelli, Federica Solca, Rita Pezzati, Andrea Faini, Nicola Ticozzi, Hiroshi Mitsumoto, Vincenzo Silani
Several features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) impact on sexuality and intimate relationship; however, the issue has received poor attention so far. We performed a systematic literature review in order to provide an up-to-date account of sexuality in ALS. References were identified by searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO (1970-2017, English literature). The following were the key terms: 'sexual' OR 'sexuality' OR 'intimacy' OR 'marital' AND 'ALS' OR 'Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis' OR 'Motor Neuron Disease' OR 'MND'...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Fatemeh Nikparvar, Sandra Stith, Chelsea Spencer, Laily Panaghi
This study examined the relationship between sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration and other types of IPV among married men and women in Tehran, Iran. Data were collected from 116 males and 121 females who reported perpetrating or experiencing IPV at least once in the past year. Four path analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between different types of violence and sexual aggression. The model explained 57% of the variance in men's sexual aggression perpetration and 44% of the variance in women's sexual aggression perpetration...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sen Li, Fengqing Zhao, Guoliang Yu
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is a serious public health problem in the world. It is imperative to examine risk factors for IPV victimization. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to explore the relationship between childhood maltreatment (CM) and IPV victimization and investigate the moderating effects of gender and marital status. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Examination of the literature produced a sample of 56 effect sizes (N = 23,127) for review...
December 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Yonglin Gao, Kavita Lohano, Nicholas A Delamere, Zhenmin Lei, Rif S El-Mallakh
Alcohol use disorders are quite common in bipolar patients with a prevalence of comorbidity that exceeds all other primary psychiatric diagnoses other than other substance use disorders; over 60% of people with BD I have comorbid alcohol dependence at some point in their lives. This intimate relationship has served as the basis of the proposed idea of 'self-medication.' However, biological confirmation of 'self-medication,' specifically, the correction of an abnormal biologic marker with alcohol, has never been demonstrated...
December 9, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Richard E Heyman, Amy M Smith Slep, Michael F Lorber, Danielle M Mitnick, Shu Xu, Katherine J W Baucom, W Kim Halford, Phyllis Holditch Niolon
Effective, accessible prevention programs are needed for adults at heightened risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). This parallel group randomized controlled trial examines whether such couples receiving the American version of Couple CARE for Parents of Newborns (CCP; Halford et al. 2009) following the birth of a child, compared with controls, report fewer first occurrences of clinically significant IPV, less frequent physical and psychological IPV, and improved relationship functioning. Further, we test whether intervention effects are moderated by level of risk for IPV...
December 7, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Elena Corina Andriescu, Irina Draga Căruntu, Simona Eliza Giuşcă, Ludmila Lozneanu, Delia Gabriela Ciobanu Apostol
The molecular structure of E-cadherin and its function are intimately related to β-catenin, their interactions ensuring the cell morphology and stability. Alterations of E-cadherin-β-catenin complex facilitate the tumor growth and spreading in the carcinogenic mechanism. We aimed to assess the E-cadherin and β-catenin immunoexpressions in different variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and the relationship of these markers with the clinicopathological prognostic factors. Our study group included 70 cases of PTC divided into two risk groups...
2018: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Amanda M Stylianou, Elisabeth Counselman-Carpenter, Alex Redcay
While social support is critical in helping intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors heal and build hope, social isolation is a frequent experience for survivors. For survivors residing in domestic violence (DV) emergency shelters, the isolation from social supports is often exacerbated by shelter rules and policies. This study uses a 20th century feminist framework to understand the ways in which social support networks are maintained and/or strained when survivors reside in DV emergency shelters. Among this sample of 76 survivors, 40 participants identified family members as their support system, with siblings and mothers most frequently identified, and 14 participants identified friends as their social support...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Maruzzella Valdivia-Peralta, Mercedes Paino, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Luis González-Bravo
This study compares attitudes toward teen relationship (or dating) violence (TRV) between early and late adolescents in the province of Concepción, Chile. The sample consisted of 770 adolescents, aged between 11 and 19 with an average age of 14.8 years old, of which 389 were female (50.5%) and 381 were male (49.5%). An adapted version of the Scale of Attitudes Towards Intimate Violence was used. Results found greater justifying attitudes toward violence in early adolescents than in late adolescents, in 6 of 12 items of the scale, with a statistical significance of p ≤ ...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jinghua Li, Jie Zhao, John A Rogers
Recent advances in materials chemistry and composite materials design establish the foundations for classes of electronics with physical form factors that bridge the gap between soft biological organisms and rigid microsystems technologies. Skin-interfaced platforms of this type have broad utility in continuous clinical-grade monitoring of physiological status, with the potential to significantly lower the cost and increase the efficacy of modern health care. Development of materials and device designs for power supply systems in this context is critically important, and it represents a rapidly expanding focus of research in the chemical sciences...
December 10, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Denise A Hines, Emily M Douglas
The goal of the current study is to test - among samples of men - some previous findings relative to Johnson's (2008) typology of partner violence (PV). Among samples of exclusively women, Johnson has found that the frequency and severity of PV - and victims' mental health - are worse for female victims of intimate terrorism (IT) than of situational couple violence (SCV). However, such findings have rarely been tested in male victims of PV. Furthermore, although Johnson posits that mutual violent control (MVC) is relatively rare, other research suggests that it is about as common as IT and may be associated with worse PV and health...
October 2018: Psychology of Men & Masculinity
William B Stallcup
Studies of pericytes have been retarded by the lack of appropriate markers for identification of these perivascular mural cells. Use of antibodies against the NG2 proteoglycan as a pericyte marker has greatly facilitated recent studies of pericytes, emphasizing the intimate spatial relationship between pericytes and endothelial cells, allowing more accurate quantification of pericyte/endothelial cell ratios in different vascular beds, and revealing the participation of pericytes throughout all stages of blood vessel formation...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Elizabeth Novack Wright, Alexandra Hanlon, Alicia Lozano, Anne M Teitelman
Intimate partner violence (IPV), the physical, sexual, psychological abuse or control by a former or current intimate partner, affects almost one third of women in the United States. IPV exposure can result in many negative outcomes including physical injury, increased stress, and depression. Currently, there is a growing body of literature examining the link between IPV victimization and poor heart health. However, there is little known on how IPV affects cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among young adult women and what outcomes associated with IPV victimization may be increasing this risk...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Suzanne Maman, Allison K Groves, Dhayendre Moodley, May S Chen
HIV-positive women who engage in postpartum unsafe sex are at risk for sexually transmitted infection (STI), unintended pregnancy, and secondary transmission of HIV to uninfected partners. One factor that may increase risk for postpartum unsafe sex among HIV-positive women is intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization; few studies, however, have examined this association. This longitudinal study examined whether patterns of psychological, physical, and sexual IPV, assessed during pregnancy, predicted unsafe sex at 14 weeks postpartum among South African women diagnosed as HIV-positive during pregnancy (n = 561)...
December 6, 2018: AIDS Care
Irena Yanushevskaya, Christer Gobl, Ailbhe Ní Chasaide
The relationship between prosody and perceived affect involves multiple variables. This paper explores the interplay of three: voice quality, f 0 contour, and the hearer's language background. Perception tests were conducted with speakers of Irish English, Russian, Spanish, and Japanese using three types of synthetic stimuli: (1) stimuli varied in voice quality, (2) stimuli of uniform (modal) voice quality incorporating affect-related f 0 contours, and (3) stimuli combining specific non-modal voice qualities with the affect-related f 0 contours of (2)...
November 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Girmay Tsegay, Kebede Deribe, Negussie Deyessa, Adamu Addissie, Gail Davey, Max Cooper, Mei L Trueba
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Research indicates that adults suffering from long term, disabling conditions are more likely to be victims of IPV due to the intersection of disease-associated stigma and discrimination. IPV in turn is known to worsen the overall health and wellbeing of those affected by it. Little research however explores the relationship between neglected tropical diseases such as podoconiosis and IPV...
2018: PloS One
Sae Hwang Han, Kyungmin Kim, Jeffrey A Burr
Background and Study Objectives: Intimate partners and close friends represent two major sources of social support that are central to one's health and health behaviors in later life. The aim of this study was to examine dyadic linkages between perceived social support (from spouses and friends) and preventive healthcare behaviors among coupled-individuals. Design and Methods: Prospective data from the Health and Retirement Study (2010, 2012) were used to analyze a sample of coupled-individuals (dyad N = 1,902)...
December 5, 2018: Gerontologist
Heather L Storer, Maria Rodriguez, Roxanne Franklin
One of the most frequent refrains heard in the public discourse on intimate partner violence (IPV) is why do they stay? The literature has demonstrated that IPV victims face multiple barriers to safely exiting their relationships. Currently, there has been a limited examination of the role social media can play in elucidating the lived experience of IPV. With 25% of the population using Twitter, there are opportunities to examine its utility for deepening understandings of IPV. Using data generated from the #WhyIStayed Twitter campaign, the purpose of this study is to examine Twitter users' reasons for staying in their abusive relationships...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lisa H Gou, Kari N Duerksen, Erica M Woodin
A key criticism of research on intimate partner violence (IPV) is that a sole focus on physical or psychological acts of aggression fails to account for other forms of manipulative behavior that may have serious consequences for partner and family functioning. The current study examines coercive control, or behavior designed to constrain or compel an intimate partner in some way, in a longitudinal community sample of 98 heterosexual couples assessed in the third trimester of pregnancy as well as at 1 and 2 years postpartum...
December 5, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
Aitak Farzi, Ahmed M Hassan, Geraldine Zenz, Peter Holzer
The global prevalence of diabesity is on the rise, and the clinical, social and economic health burden arising from this epidemic is aggravated by a significant co-morbidity of diabesity with neuropsychiatric disease, particularly depression. Importantly, not only is the prevalence of mood disorders elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes, depressed patients are also more prone to develop diabetes. This reciprocal relationship calls for a molecular and systemic analysis of diabesity-brain interactions to guide preventive and therapeutic strategies...
December 7, 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
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