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Intimate relationship

Cynthia M Dougherty, Elaine A Thompson, Peter J Kudenchuk
BACKGROUND: Interventions to improve physical and psychological outcomes in recipients with an initial implantable cardioverter (ICD) and their intimate partners are largely unstudied, though likely to have a major impact on adjustment to the ICD and general well-being. OBJECTIVE: To report the primary outcomes of the Patient Plus Partner randomized control trial. METHODS: In a two-group (N=301) prospective RCT, we compared two social-cognitive-based intervention programs [Patient Plus Partner (P+P) and Patient Only (P only)], implemented following initial ICD implant...
October 16, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Arielle Elkrief, Lisa Derosa, Laurence Zitvogel, Guido Kroemer, Bertrand Routy
Immunotherapy is widely used to treat a large variety of malignancies and has revolutionized the therapeutic approach to cancer. Major efforts are ongoing to identify biomarkers that predict response to immunotherapy as well as new strategies to improve ICI efficacy and clinical outcomes. Studies have shown that the gut microbiome determines the extent to which ICIs may invigorate the anticancer immune response. Here, the authors review recent studies that have described the effects of the gut microbiota on the efficacy of CTLA-4 and PD-1 inhibitors and outline potential future clinical directions of these findings...
October 19, 2018: Gut Microbes
Sarah Halpern-Meekin, Kristin Turney
It is essential to understand how desistance from intimate abuse occurs so it can be facilitated for those experiencing it. Recognizing the category of churning relationships-in which partners separate and reunite-gives us analytic leverage in identifying the relationship dynamics that predict abuse desistance. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal survey of parents in urban areas, we compare desistance among churners (who experience a breakup only) with those who repartner (who experience a breakup and a new partnership) and those who are stably together (who experience neither a breakup nor a new partnership)...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lucy Church Barker, Donna E Stewart, Simone N Vigod
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV) is a common but often overlooked form of intimate partner violence (IPV) that may have unique consequences for those who experience it. We aimed to explore how outcomes associated with IPSV differ from outcomes associated with other forms of intimate partner and sexual violence. METHODS: We conducted a narrative review of the English-language literature, including original research studies and reports that focused on outcomes associated with IPSV...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Eric Esteve, François Maccari, Dominique Delavierre, Catherine Vicariot, Bénédicte Charles, Marc Marty, Eric Lespessailles
Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis impact sexuality and intimate relationships in both men and women, and can be associated with sexual dysfunctions.The aim of this study was to develop and validate a specific questionnaire assessing the impact of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis on patients' sexuality. Two focus groups of patients, concerned by sexuality, were conducted in February 2015. Based on the verbatim transcripts, a content analysis was performed by a psychologist trained in qualitative procedures...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bushra Sabri
African immigrant women survivors of cumulative trauma are at high risk for HIV infection. This study aims to identify survivors' perceptions of (a) contextual (i.e., community, and relationship) and individual-level risk and protective factors for HIV among African immigrant women in the United States and (b) areas and strategies of HIV prevention intervention at contextual and individual levels. Qualitative data for this study were collected from African-born women (n = 39) in Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, DC, from February 2017 to March 2018...
October 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Marie A Brault, Stephen L Schensul
This paper draws on ethnographic data collected from two low-income communities in Mumbai India to explore types of risk and intimacy associated with marital practices. A rapidly globalising India offers access to media, social networks and changing gender norms that create opportunities for young women. Concurrently, enduring patriarchal norms impact marriage and the development of intimacy. Young women whose parents decide on early arranged marriages face inequity and difficulties in establishing emotional and physical intimacy with their husbands...
October 17, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Kathryn Graham, Sharon Bernards, Anne-Marie Laslett, Gerhard Gmel, Sandra Kuntsche, Sharon Wilsnack, Kim Bloomfield, Ulrike Grittner, Angela Taft, Ingrid Wilson, Samantha Wells
Both living with children and alcohol consumption are positively associated with intimate partner violence (IPV). We assessed their combined relationship with physical IPV (P-IPV) victimization and perpetration, and explored possible moderating roles of sex and culture. Data included 15 surveys of 13,716 men and 17,832 women in 14 countries from the GENACIS (Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study) collaboration. P-IPV was measured as victim of physical aggression by an intimate partner (Vic-Only), perpetrator of physical aggression toward a partner (Perp-Only), or both victim and perpetrator (i...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Elizabeth M Badley, Margot Shields, Siobhan O'Donnell, Wendy E Hovdestad, Lil Tonmyr
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether there is a relationship between the frequency and severity of different types of childhood maltreatment and adulthood arthritis. METHODS: Analysis of the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health (CCHS-MH): 21,889 respondents aged ≥18 years. Severity and frequency of childhood physical abuse (CPA), and childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and the frequency of childhood exposure to intimate partner violence (CEIPV) were assessed by asking about "things that may have happened to you before you were 16 in your school, in your neighborhood, or in your family"...
October 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Amy M Haddad
The first tenet of the Code of Ethics for Pharmacists of the American Pharmacists Association describes the relationship between the pharmacist and the patient as a covenant. The central argument of this commentary is that the symbolic language of covenant, the metaphor used to describe the pharmacist-patient relationship, should be formally acknowledged as an ideal theory or concept. However, before committing to this ideal, there should be resonance with the realities of pharmacy practice. This commentary argues that the intimate nature of a covenantal relationship is not a good fit with most contexts in which pharmacists practice...
September 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Jane Davies, Daniel Kelly, Ben Hannigan
PURPOSE: This paper presents findings from an in-depth study exploring agency in decision making when young people experience cancer. METHODS: Exploratory case studies were utilised to examine all aspects of decision making, beginning with the onset of symptoms followed by diagnosis and treatment. Interviews, observations and documentary analysis were used to generate data. Multiple sources were selected to generate further insights and these included family, partners, friends and healthcare professionals who were close to the young people during their experience...
October 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Georgia Zara, Sarah Gino
Violence against women is a disabler of dignity, liberty, and rights of the person, with murder being its extreme form for silencing the individual. Despite psycho-criminological research providing evidence that violence can happen across cultures, sexes, and societies, other findings show that some forms of violence i.e. Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), which involves more frequently women as victims, is not rare in contemporary society. The aim of this study is to analyze the violence against women, and how it escalates up to the point in which it aggravates into femicide...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Kotb Abbass Metwalley, Hekma Saad Farghaly, Abdelrahman Abdelhamid
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Homocysteine is an important and independent risk factor for atherosclerotic diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of homocysteine in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and their relation to carotid artery intima-media thickness (CA-IMT) and left ventricular (LV) function. METHODS: This study included 36 children with classic CAH and 36 healthy children. All underwent anthropometric evaluation. Measurement of serum levels of total homocysteine was carried out...
October 12, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Yuxiang Zhang, Jianping Wei, Yahong Yuan, Tianli Yue
In this work, psychrotrophs known to cause food spoilage were isolated from commercial food products. Further, temperature sensitivities and volatile organic compounds of the representative strains were characterized to evaluate the population heterogeneity. A total of 490 isolates belonging to 38 genera of 20 families were identified from 30 psychrotroph-positive samples, among which Gram-negative bacteria occurred frequently. The genus Pseudomonas exhibited a clear predominance, especially Pseudomonas fragi, followed by Psychrobacter, Brochothrix, Serratia, and Stenotrophomonas, with the dominant bacteria varying with origin...
October 2, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Kenan Karbeyaz, Yeşim Yeti Ş, Ayhan Güneş, Ümit Şi Mşek
INTRODUCTION: and Objective: Femicide can be defined as violence caused by gender discrimination which results in the death of a woman. In this study, the characteristics of the femicide cases of the last 25 years that have been encountered in Eskisehir, Turkey will be evaluated. It is intended for this article to make a valuable contribution to the existing literature on femicide by adding new data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Female subjects in Eskişehir who were killed by their partner (husband, boyfriend, ex-husband or ex-boyfriend) during the 25-year period between 1992 and 2016 were included in this study...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Zeev Winstok, Ronit Smadar-Dror
This study examined the relationship between gender, escalatory tendencies, and the use of verbal aggression among four types of heterosexual dyads: couples with no verbal aggression, man-only verbal aggression, woman-only verbal aggression, and both-partner verbal aggression. The study was based on a community sample of 65 couples (130 men and women). The findings show that while there is no gender difference in the prevalence and incidence of verbal aggression, there is a difference in the levels of motivation to put one's partner "in his or her place" and avoid a confrontation with one's partner...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Morgane S Thion, Florent Ginhoux, Sonia Garel
Cross-talk between the nervous and immune systems has been well described in the context of adult physiology and disease. Recent advances in our understanding of immune cell ontogeny have revealed a notable interplay between neurons and microglia during the prenatal and postnatal emergence of functional circuits. This Review focuses on the brain, where the early symbiotic relationship between microglia and neuronal cells critically regulates wiring, contributes to sex-specific differences in neural circuits, and relays crucial information from the periphery, including signals derived from the microbiota...
October 12, 2018: Science
Miriam Hartmann, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Shannon O'Rourke, Konyin Adewumi, Siyanda Tenza, Florence Mathebula, Danielle Wagner, Asha Ayub, Elizabeth T Montgomery
Despite being designed for autonomous use, research suggests partner approval is often in women's microbicide use. Microbicide study participants have described many ways product use affects relationships, from improving sexual pleasure to increasing harm, including exacerbating intimate partner violence (IPV). As the dapivirine ring proceeds closer to licensure, supporting women's agency to use microbicides safely is a priority. We conducted 42 in-depth interviews with former participants of the Microbicide Trials Network (MTN)-020 trial of the dapivirine vaginal ring and their male partners in Johannesburg, South Africa, to explore how ring use and partnership dynamics interacted...
October 11, 2018: AIDS Care
Kenji Suetsugu, Shintaro Tetsu, Masayoshi K Hiraiwa, Tadaaki Tsutsumi
The very high floral diversity of Orchidaceae has often been attributed to the intimate relationships between orchids and their pollinators, with 60-70% of all orchid species being dependent on discrete pollinator lineages or even single species (Cozzolino and Widmer 2005). Bees pollinate nearly 60% of orchid species and their secondary important pollinators include wasps (9.9%), flies (6.9%), birds (5.5%), settling moths (3.6%), and sphingid moths (3.1%) (Peter 2009). Despite the long history of orchid pollination studies, the identity and specificity of most orchid pollinators remain inadequately explored, and even recent studies have reported novel interactions in orchid pollination systems (Micheneau et al...
October 11, 2018: Ecology
Phillip L Marotta, Assel Terlikbayeva, Louisa Gilbert, Tim Hunt, Amar Mandavia, Elwin Wu, Nabila El-Bassel
BACKGROUND: Multiple drug and sexual risk behaviors among people who inject drugs (PWID) in intimate relationships increase the risk of HIV and HCV transmission. Using data on PWID in intimate partnerships in Almaty, Kazakhstan, this study performed latent class analysis (LCA) on drug and sexual risk behaviors and estimated associations between dyadic relationship factors and membership in latent classes. METHODS: LCA was performed on a sample of 510 PWID (181-females/FWID, 321-males/MWID) to identify levels of drug and sexual risk behaviors...
October 3, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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