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Injury AND Risk AND Sport*

Margot Putukian, Kaitlin Riegler, Stephanie Amalfe, Jared Bruce, Ruben Echemendia
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between preinjury risk factors (RFs) and subsequent occurrence of concussion and examine whether preinjury RFs or postinjury assessments predict clinical recovery in collegiate athletes. METHODS: Risk factors (sex, sport, and self-report history of concussion, migraine, attention-deficit disorder, learning disability, depression, and anxiety) and Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT), depression/anxiety screenings, and neuropsychological testing were obtained before the season...
December 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Liz de Rome, Julie Brown, Matthew Baldock, Michael Fitzharris
OBJECTIVE: Crash and injury surveillance studies have identified a range of rider-related factors, including age, sex, licensure, training and experience, as being associated with motorcycle crash risk. The aim of this study was to establish whether these previously identified factors were associated with crash involvement in an Australian-based population. METHODS: Data obtained from motorcyclists recruited from road authority licensing offices in a population-based survey design were analyzed...
December 12, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Emma L Millett, Mark P Moresi, Mark L Watsford, Paul G Taylor, David A Greene
The present study aimed to assess the differences in leg stiffness and the associated performance variables between athletes from various training backgrounds during tasks relevant to athletic training. Forty-seven female participants (20 nationally identified netballers, 13 high-level endurance athletes and 14 age-matched controls) completed a sprint, anticipated sidestep change of direction and unilateral repetitive hopping task to assess leg stiffness and the relationship of stiffness between the different tasks...
December 12, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
Arup Chakraborty, Arista Lahiri
Background: Unintentional injuries have become a major noncommunicable disease burden, especially among the adolescents. Objective: The current study was conducted to estimate the effect of different aspects of daily activities of adolescence for sustaining serious unintentional injuries in the past 1 year. Methods: A cross-sectional survey with multistage sampling with validated pretested questionnaire was done among the school-going adolescent boys in Kolkata...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Sylvain Blanchard, Jérôme Palestri, Jean-Luc Guer, Michel Behr
Soccer is the most popular sport in the world and generates great financial revenue. It is also a sport whose practice has evolved considerably in terms of intensity and commitment, and in which the intrinsic risk of injury (not directly related to an interaction with the environment) is particularly high. In this context, the cleated shoe as a major component of soccer equipment may play a key role in the overexposure to injury. Soccer shoe evolution is all the more challenging, because design and mechanical structure differ in many points compared to other modern shoes developed for sports such as running, tennis and basketball...
April 2018: Sports Med Int Open
Andrew M Busch, Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate
Background: Upper extremity injuries commonly occur in baseball players, and can often necessitate surgical interventions. Athletes recovering from previous surgeries may be at greater risk of a secondary injury due to potential residual deficits in global movement. Identifying individuals with residual movement dysfunction following surgery during a pre-participation examination may help health care professionals identify baseball players who may be at a greater risk of re-injury in their throwing arms so that appropriate interventions can be developed...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Jason Brumitt, Marcey Keefer Hutchison, Jeff Houck, Dale Isaak, Amy Engilis, Jeremy Loew, Duane Duey, Kyle Nelson, Kevin Arizo
Background: Male collegiate basketball (BB) players are at risk for musculoskeletal injury. The rate of time-loss injury in men's collegiate BB, for all levels of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition, ranges from 2.8 to 4.3 per 1000 athletic exposures (AE) during practices and 4.56 to 9.9 per 1000 AE during games. The aforementioned injury rates provide valuable information for sports medicine professionals and coaching staffs. However, many of the aforementioned studies do not provide injury rates based on injury mechanism, region of the body, or player demographics...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Camma Damsted, Simone Glad, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Henrik Sørensen, Laurent Malisoux
Background: Sudden changes (increases and decreases) in training load have been suggested to play a key role in the development of running-related injuries. However, the compiled evidence for an association between change in training load and running-related injury does not exist. Purpose: The purpose of the present systematic review was to compile the evidence from original articles examining the association between changes in training load and running-related injuries...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Neeraj M Patel, Christopher J DeFrancesco, Nakul S Talathi, Joshua T Bram, Theodore J Ganley
INTRODUCTION: Complication rates after physeal-sparing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are known to be high in the paediatric population compared with the adult population. However, the outcomes of these skeletally immature patients after all-epiphyseal reconstruction have not been compared with those after transphyseal reconstructions in a more similar age group. This study compares clinical outcomes and complications between all-epiphyseal and pediatric transphyseal ACLR...
December 10, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Annika B Kay, Emily L Wilson, Thomas W White, David S Morris, Sarah Majercik
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe elderly engagement in recreational activities, their injury patterns, preinjury risks and outcomes. METHODS: A 16-year retrospective trauma registry review. All trauma patients ≥65 years admitted after injury sustained during sport were evaluated, and compared to a non-sport cohort of elderly trauma patients. RESULTS: During the study period, 9697 admissions age ≥65 were identified. 526 (5%) were sport-related...
December 3, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Ewelina Lulińska-Kuklik, Mary-Jessica Nancy Laguette, Waldemar Moska, Magdalena Weber-Rajek, Krzysztof Ficek, Ryszard Puchala, Paweł Cięszczyk, Marek Sawczuk, Alison Victoria September, Agnieszka Maciejewska-Skrendo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of inter-individual variations in a particular glycoprotein, TNC, and its potential contribution to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury susceptibility in Polish Caucasian participants. ACL rupture is one of the most prevalent and severe knee injury that predominantly occurs during sports participation, primarily via a non-contact mechanism. Several polymorphisms in genes encoding glycoproteins either independently or as allelic combinations, modulate the risk of musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Kimberley Jacobs, Diego Riveros, Heather K Vincent, Daniel C Herman
Different landing surfaces may affect lower extremity biomechanical performance during athletic tasks. The magnitude of this effect on clinical screening measures such as jump-landings is unknown. This study determined the effect of court (CS), grass (GS), and tile (TS) surfaces on Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) grades. A repeated-measures design was used. A total of 40 (21F, 19M; mean age = 23.8 ± 2.4 yr) recreational athletes performed a jump-landing task on three different landing surfaces. 2D videography recorded jump-landings in the frontal and sagittal planes...
December 10, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
Masha Jafari, Vahid Zolaktaf, Gholamali Ghasemi
PURPOSE: Firefighters require a high level of functional fitness to operate safely, effectively, and efficiently. We studied the distribution of FMS scores in firefighters and examined whether an 8-week corrective exercise program based on National Academy of Sport Medicine (NASM) guidelines could improve them. METHODS: All 524 active firefighters of a city completed the baseline FMS testing. Those who obtained a score of 14 or less, a sign of movement dysfunction, and volunteered to continue their participation were randomly assigned to either an experimental (n: 51) or a control (n: 45) group...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Takuma Hoshiba, Hiroki Nakata, Yasuaki Saho, Kazuyuki Kanosue, Toru Fukubayashi
CONTEXT: Deficits in knee position sense following reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can delay an athlete's return to sport participation and increase the risk of re-injury. Deficits in position sense post-reconstruction have been evaluated using either a position-reproducing or position-matching task. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to combine both to determine which assessment would be more effective to identify deficits in knee position sense...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Yi-Ju Tsai, Chieh-Chie Chia, Pei-Yun Lee, Li-Chuan Lin, Yi-Liang Kuo
CONTEXT: Core control and strength are important for reducing the risk of lower extremity injury. Current evidence on the effect of core training in male adolescent athletes is limited, and other investigations into the effects of core training often emphasized core strength only. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether core training emphasizing both control and strength of the trunk and hip would improve joint kinematics during landing, sports performance, and lower extremity muscle strength in adolescent male volleyball athletes...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Camma Damsted, Erik Thorlund Parner, Henrik Sørensen, Laurent Malisoux, Adam Hulme, Nielsen Rasmus Oestergaard
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study with a study period of 14-weeks. BACKGROUND: Sudden changes in training load have been suggested to play a key role in the development of running-related injury (RRI). Since the injury mechanism also depends on the runner's musculoskeletal load capacity, the running schedule undertaken prior to the sudden change may influence the amount of change a runner is able to tolerate before placing the runner at a high risk of RRI...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Sophia L Gonzalez, Aimee M Diaz, Hillary A Plummer, Lori A Michener
CONTEXT: Rowers are at risk for overuse injuries, including low back pain (LBP). Defining the utility of screening tests for identifying those at risk for LBP can aid in the development of guidelines for injury prevention. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and impairments can identify rowers at risk for developing LBP. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Athletic training room. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 31 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I, female, open-weight rowers (age = 19...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Garrett S Bullock, Mallory S Faherty, Leila Ledbetter, Charles A Thigpen, Timothy C Sell
OBJECTIVE: Arm injuries in baseball players are a common problem. The identification of modifiable risk factors, including range of motion (ROM), is essential for injury prevention. The purpose of this review was to assess the methodologic quality and level of evidence in the literature and to investigate the relationship between shoulder ROM and the risk of arm injuries in baseball players. DATA SOURCES: Relevant studies in PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and SPORTDiscus published from inception to August 1, 2017...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Avi D Goodman, Jeremy E Raducha, Steven F DeFroda, Joseph A Gil, Brett D Owens
BACKGROUND: Although football is one of the most popular collegiate sports, the epidemiology of and risk factors for shoulder and elbow injuries in this population not been recently described. We aimed to characterize this incidence in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players, determine risk factors, and establish outcomes after injury. METHODS: All shoulder and elbow injuries in men's football occurring during the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years were retrospectively identified in the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database...
December 4, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Gordana Krtinic, Predrag Duric
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of nonfatal injuries in age group 14-19 is sports injuries. Purpose of the study was to determine the association between intense physical activity and injury and to identify the circumstances and environment in which injuries are most likely to occur. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 698 high school students 15-19 years old, divided into those exposed and those unexposed to intense physical activity. The international standard questionnaire about physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire-IPAQ) and the metabolic equivalent task (MET) scores were used...
January 2019: Journal of School Health
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