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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110455/influence-of-environmental-and-anthropogenic-factors-at-the-bottom-sediments-in-a-doce-river-tributary-in-brazil
#1
Deyse Almeida Dos Reis, Aníbal da Fonseca Santiago, Laura Pereira Nascimento, Hubert Mathias Peter Roeser
In developing countries, it is uncommon to find watersheds that have been the object of detailed environmental studies. It makes the assessment of the magnitude of environmental impacts and pollution of these sites difficult. This research demonstrated ways to understand the dynamics of river bottom sediments contamination, even for watersheds with a lack of environmental data. Based on geochemical affinity, we conducted a comprehensive study on the concentration of metals and metalloids. Then, we discussed the probable origin of the concentration of these elements at the bottom sediment along the Matipó River...
January 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063184/biologically-agglutinated-eukaryotic-microfossil-from-cryogenian-cap-carbonates
#2
K R Moore, T Bosak, F A Macdonald, D J G Lahr, S Newman, C Settens, S B Pruss
Cryogenian cap carbonates that overlie Sturtian glacial deposits were formed during a post-glacial transgression. Here, we describe microfossils from the Kakontwe Formation of Zambia and the Taishir Formation of Mongolia-both Cryogenian age, post-Sturtian cap carbonates-and investigate processes involved in their formation and preservation. We compare microfossils from these two localities to an assemblage of well-documented microfossils previously described in the post-Sturtian Rasthof Formation of Namibia...
January 6, 2017: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052072/microbial-response-to-soil-liming-of-damaged-ecosystems-revealed-by-pyrosequencing-and-phospholipid-fatty-acid-analyses
#3
Ramya Narendrula-Kotha, Kabwe K Nkongolo
AIMS: To assess the effects of dolomitic limestone applications on soil microbial communities' dynamics and bacterial and fungal biomass, relative abundance, and diversity in metal reclaimed regions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study was conducted in reclaimed mining sites and metal uncontaminated areas. The limestone applications were performed over 35 years ago. Total microbial biomass was determined by Phospholipid fatty acids. Bacterial and fungal relative abundance and diversity were assessed using 454 pyrosequencing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034436/characteristics-of-change-in-water-quality-along-reclaimed-water-intake-area-of-the-chaobai-river-in-beijing-china
#4
Lei Yang, Jiangtao He, Yumei Liu, Jian Wang, Lie Jiang, Guangcai Wang
To reveal the basic characteristics and controlling factors of water quality change in the project Wenyu to Chaobai reclaimed water diversion, the water quality in the study area was monitored for one year at seven monitoring sites. Inverse geochemical models of the statistical groups were developed using PHREEQC to elucidate the hydrochemistry characteristics of reclaimed water and the factors. The monitoring results indicated that nitrogen and phosphorus contents were significantly reduced along the river mainly caused by seasonal and location variation...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960117/factors-controlling-groundwater-salinization-and-hydrogeochemical-processes-in-coastal-aquifers-from-southern-spain
#5
M Argamasilla, J A Barberá, B Andreo
In detrital coastal aquifers, seawater and surface water may interact with groundwater in multiple ways. Understanding the interference of water fluxes in this type of environment is essential to effectively manage the groundwater resources in water-stressed regions, such as the Mediterranean coastal fringe. In this research, the characterization of the main hydrogeochemical processes and the interaction between surface water and groundwater in the Marbella-Estepona coastal aquifers (southern Spain) have been carried out by means of the combined use of different hydrogeochemical indicators along with isotope data...
December 9, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960056/chemical-identification-at-the-solid-liquid-interface
#6
Hagen Söngen, Christoph Marutschke, Peter Spijker, Eric Holmgren, Ilka Hermes, Ralf Bechstein, Stefanie Klassen, John Tracey, Adam S Foster, Angelika Kühnle
Solid-liquid interfaces are decisive for a wide range of natural and technological processes, including fields as diverse as geochemistry and environmental science as well as catalysis and corrosion protection. Dynamic atomic force microscopy nowadays provides unparalleled structural insights into solid-liquid interfaces, including the solvation structure above the surface. In contrast, chemical identification of individual interfacial atoms still remains a considerable challenge. So far, an identification of chemically alike atoms in a surface alloy has only been demonstrated under well-controlled ultrahigh vacuum conditions...
December 22, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907043/thermodynamic-simulation-of-carbonate-cements-water-carbon-dioxide-equilibrium-in-sandstone-for-prediction-of-precipitation-dissolution-of-carbonate-cements
#7
Yiping Duan, Mingshi Feng, Xinyan Zhong, Ruishu Shang, Lihong Huang
Carbonate cements, such as calcite, dolomite, ferrocalcite and ankerite, play important roles in the formation of pores in sandstones: precipitation of carbonate cements modifies pores and inhibits compaction, while dissolution creates secondary pores. This work proposed a precipitation-dissolution model for carbonate cements-CO2-H2O system by means of ion equilibrium concentration ([M2+], M = Ca, Mg, Fe or Mn) with different factors, such as temperature, depth, pH, [Formula: see text], variable rock composition and overpressure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900721/effect-of-initial-ph-and-ph-adjusted-acid-on-nutrient-recovery-from-hydrolysis-urine-by-combining-acidification-with-evaporation-crystallization
#8
Shanqing Jiang, Xiaochang Wang, Shengjiong Yang, Honglei Shi
Nutrient recovery from human urine is a promising pretreatment of domestic wastewater and provides a sustainable recyclability of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). In this study, we present a method to recover all nutrients from hydrolysis urine (HU) in the form of solid products by combining acidification with evaporation-crystallization. The effect of initial pH (pHinit.) on N retention was investigated, and the optimal pHinit. was further determined by analysis of N retention efficiency. Additionally, crystallization process and product composition based on different pH-adjusted acids were also compared...
November 30, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898799/effects-of-dolomitic-limestone-application-on-zinc-speciation-in-boreal-forest-smelter-contaminated-soils
#9
Jordan G Hamilton, Richard E Farrell, Ning Chen, Joel Reid, Renfei Feng, Derek Peak
Anthropogenic activities at the HudBay Minerals, Inc., Flin Flon (Manitoba, Canada) mining and processing facility have severely affected the surrounding boreal forest ecosystem. Soil contamination occurred via a combination of metal and sulfuric acid deposition and has resulted in forest dieback and ineffective natural recovery. A community-led effort to revegetate areas of the landscape through the application of a dolomitic limestone has been met with varied success. Zinc (Zn) speciation has shown to be closely linked to the presence or absence of an invasive metal-tolerant grass species, with soils being broadly classed into two revegetation response groups...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889660/the-ph-dependent-leaching-behavior-of-slags-from-various-stages-of-a-copper-smelting-process-environmental-implications
#10
Alice Jarošíková, Vojtěch Ettler, Martin Mihaljevič, Bohdan Kříbek, Ben Mapani
The leaching behaviors of primary copper (Cu) slags originating from Ausmelt, reverbatory, and converter furnaces operating under a single technological process were compared to a residual slag tailing obtained by slag re-processing via flotation and metal recovery. The EN 12457-2 leaching test, used for assessment of the hazardous properties, was followed by the CEN/TS 14997 pH-static leaching test (pH range 3-12). Both leaching experiments were coupled with a mineralogical investigation of the primary and secondary phases as well as geochemical modeling...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829032/floral-assemblages-and-patterns-of-insect-herbivory-during-the-permian-to-triassic-of-northeastern-italy
#11
Conrad C Labandeira, Evelyn Kustatscher, Torsten Wappler
To discern the effect of the end-Permian (P-Tr) ecological crisis on land, interactions between plants and their insect herbivores were examined for four time intervals containing ten major floras from the Dolomites of northeastern Italy during a Permian-Triassic interval. These floras are: (i) the Kungurian Tregiovo Flora; (ii) the Wuchiapingian Bletterbach Flora; (iii) three Anisian floras; and (iv) five Ladinian floras. Derived plant-insect interactional data is based on 4242 plant specimens (1995 Permian, 2247 Triassic) allocated to 86 fossil taxa (32 Permian, 56 Triassic), representing lycophytes, sphenophytes, pteridophytes, pteridosperms, ginkgophytes, cycadophytes and coniferophytes from 37 million-year interval (23 m...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743859/ruins-of-a-wwi-hospital-falzarego-the-dolomites-italy
#12
Tom Edward Mallinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718318/local-paleoenvironmental-controls-on-the-carbon-isotope-record-defining-the-bitter-springs-anomaly
#13
R M Klaebe, M J Kennedy, A J M Jarrett, J J Brocks
Large magnitude (>10‰) carbon-isotope (δ(13) C) excursions recorded in carbonate-bearing sediments are increasingly used to monitor environmental change and constrain the chronology of the critical interval in the Neoproterozoic stratigraphic record that is timed with the first appearance and radiation of metazoan life. The ~10‰ Bitter Springs Anomaly preserved in Tonian-aged (1000-720 Ma) carbonate rocks in the Amadeus Basin of central Australia has been offered as one of the best preserved examples of a primary marine δ(13) C excursion because it is regionally reproducible and δ(13) C values covary in organic and carbonate carbon arguing against diagenetic exchange...
January 2017: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684576/effect-of-liming-on-ni-bioavailability-and-toxicity-to-oat-and-soybean-grown-in-field-soils-containing-aged-emissions-from-a-ni-refinery
#14
Stephen Cioccio, Yamini Gopalapillai, Tereza Dan, Beverley Hale
Remediation of soils elevated in trace metals so that they may provide ecosystems services is typically achieved through pH adjustment or addition of sorbents. The present study aimed to generate higher-tier in situ toxicity data for elevated Ni in soils with and without lime addition, and explore the effect of liming on soil chemistry and bioavailability of Ni to plants. A multi-year study of agronomic yield of field-grown oat and soybean occurred in three adjacent fields that had received air emissions from a Ni refinery for 66 years...
September 29, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673699/static-adsorption-of-an-ethoxylated-nonionic-surfactant-on-carbonate-minerals
#15
Guoqing Jian, Maura C Puerto, Anna Wehowsky, Pengfei Dong, Keith P Johnston, George J Hirasaki, Sibani Lisa Biswal
The static adsorption of C12-14E22, which is a highly ethoxylated nonionic surfactant, was studied on different minerals using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with an evaporative light scattering detector (ELSD). Of particular interest is the surfactant adsorption in the presence of CO2 because it can be used for foam flooding in enhanced oil recovery applications. The effects of the mineral type, impurities, salinity, and temperature were investigated. The adsorption of C12-14E22 on pure calcite was as low as 0...
October 11, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671141/effects-of-particle-size-on-the-attenuated-total-reflection-spectrum-of-minerals
#16
Beatrix Udvardi, István J Kovács, Tamás Fancsik, Péter Kónya, Miklósné Bátori, Ferenc Stercel, György Falus, Zoltán Szalai
This study focuses on particle size effect on monomineralic powders recorded using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy. Six particle size fractions of quartz, feldspar, calcite, and dolomite were prepared (<2, 2-4, 4-8, 8-16, 16-32, and 32-63 µm). It is found that the width, intensity, and area of bands in the ATR FT-IR spectra of minerals have explicit dependence on the particle size. As particle size increases, the intensity and area of IR bands usually decrease while the width of bands increases...
September 26, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625177/oscillation-of-mineral-compositions-in-core-sg-1b-western-qaidam-basin-ne-tibetan-plateau
#17
Xiaomin Fang, Minghui Li, Zhengrong Wang, Jiuyi Wang, Jiao Li, Xiaoming Liu, Jinbo Zan
Uplift of the Tibetan Plateau since the Late Miocene has greatly affected the nature of sediments deposited in the Qaidam Basin. However, due to the scarcity of continuously dated sediment records, we know little about how minerals responded to this uplift. In order to understand this response, we here present results from the high-resolution mineral profile from a borehole (7.3-1.6 Ma) in the Basin, which shows systematic oscillations of various evaporite and clay minerals that can be linked to the variation of regional climate and tectonic history...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621088/using-3d-geological-modelling-and-geochemical-mixing-models-to-characterise-alluvial-aquifer-recharge-sources-in-the-upper-condamine-river-catchment-queensland-australia
#18
Jorge L Martinez, Matthias Raiber, Dioni I Cendón
The influence of mountain front recharge on the water balance of alluvial valley aquifers located in upland catchments of the Condamine River basin in Queensland, Australia, is investigated through the development of an integrated hydrogeological framework. A combination of three-dimensional (3D) geological modelling, hydraulic gradient maps, multivariate statistical analyses and hydrochemical mixing calculations is proposed for the identification of hydrochemical end-members and quantification of the relative contributions of each end-member to alluvial aquifer recharge...
September 9, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616807/evaluating-susceptibility-of-karst-dolines-sinkholes-for-collapse-in-sango-tennessee-usa
#19
Peter P Siska, Pierre Goovaerts, I-K Hung
Dolines or sinkholes are earth depressions that develop in soluble rocks complexes such as limestone, dolomite, gypsum, anhydrite, and halite; dolines appear in a variety of shapes from nearly circular to complex structures with highly curved perimeters. The occurrence of dolines in the studied karst area is not random; they are the results of geomorphic, hydrologic, and chemical processes that have caused partial subsidence, even the total collapse of the land surface when voids and caves are present in the bedrock and the regolith arch overbridging these voids is unstable...
August 2016: Progress in Physical Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591762/soil-fluoride-fractions-and-their-bioavailability-to-tea-plants-camellia-sinensis-l
#20
Xiaoyun Yi, Sha Qiao, Lifeng Ma, Jie Wang, Jianyun Ruan
Drinking teas containing high fluoride (F) imposes fluorosis risk. The soil F bioavailability is an important factor influencing its uptake and contents in teas. The present work was conducted to investigate F fractions in soil and their bioavailability to tea plants. Tea seedlings were cultivated on 6 typical soils treated with a mixture consisting of dolomite, lime, peat and KCl at variable rates in the pot experiment. Soils and young shoots were collected in pairs from 63 sites of 21 plantations in a field experiment...
September 3, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
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