Read by QxMD icon Read


Anna M Bardone-Cone, Katherine A Thompson, Alexandra J Miller
In our review, we focus on self-related constructs in the context of eating disorders with four aims. First, we examine a variety of self-related constructs that have been theoretically and empirically linked to the development and course of eating disorders. In addition to the more well-researched constructs of self-esteem and self-efficacy, we also report on findings related to selflessness, contingent self-worth, self-objectification, ego-syntonicity, self-concept clarity, self-compassion, social comparison, self-oriented perfectionism/self-criticism, and narcissism...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Personality
Rosemary Basson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Ayush Chawla, Raees Abdurahiman, Venkatakarthikeyan Chokkalingam
To evaluate the role of video head impulse test in the diagnosis of peripheral vestibular disorders, we performed an observational study in the outpatient department in a tertiary setup in which the clinical head impulse test and the video head impulse test were performed on 45 patients with clinically suspected peripheral vestibular disorders, and their results were correlated. To analyse our results, each ear was counted individually and hence, among 45 patients, 12 out of 90 ears showed abnormal clinical head impulse test for lateral semicircular canals and 27 out of 90 ears showed abnormal video head impulse test for lateral semicircular canals...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Paulina Krasnodębska, Wiktor Krasnodębski, Agata Szkiełkowska
The work assessed the clinical utility of open quotients measured during laryngovideostroboscopy and electroglottography. Values of the parameters were analyzed according to clinical diagnosis. An algorithm based on direct and indirect mucosal wave measurement is presented, which allows for differentiation of voice disorders. The method developed for the objectification of glottal functions in various voice pathologies is characterized by high sensitivity and specificity.
June 20, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Paulo H Das Neves Martins Pires, Abdoulaye Marega, José M Creagh
Contexte: L'épidémie du virus de l'immunodéficience humaine au Mozambique est un problème grave de santé publique et le Ministère de la Santé a étendu le traitement antirétroviral à tous les districts du pays. Cependant, on constate un nombre élevé d'abandon du traitement encore insuffisamment évalué. L'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé recommande que les tradipraticiens de santé collaborent avec les systèmes nationaux de santé dans les pays en développement, pour combattre cette épidémie, mais il existe peu d'actions dans ce domaine à ce jour...
October 31, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Naif Al-Mutawa, Susannah-Joy Schuillenberg, Rumia Justine, Sarah Kulsoom Taher
BACKGROUND: The common thread running through all forms of sexual objectification is the experience of being treated as a body (or collection of body parts) valued predominantly for its use to (or consumption by) others. Girls and women who adopt a peculiar view of self, an effect called self-objectification may contribute to women's depression, sexual dysfunction, and eating disorders. The objectives of the study are to investigate the impact of modesty (in terms of veiling, i.e. hijab) on objectification, by others and by the self, body image and behaviors indicative of eating disturbance of veiled and unveiled Muslim women in Kuwait...
November 19, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Boby Ho-Hong Ching, Jason Teng Xu
Based on objectification theory and the consumer culture impact model, this study examined psychological predictors of cosmetic surgery consideration in 314 Chinese adolescent girls. Path analyses revealed several findings. First, both interpersonal sexual objectification and materialism contributed to internalized appearance ideals, which in turn related to body surveillance, body shame, and facial appearance concerns. Second, the association between materialism and internalized appearance ideals was independent of the association between materialism and interpersonal sexual objectification...
November 14, 2018: Body Image
Qingqing Sun
Research reveals significant positive associations between materialism and cosmetic surgery consideration, yet little is known about why this relationship exists. To address this question, the present study examined potential mediators of the links between materialism and cosmetic surgery consideration. A sample of 336 Chinese undergraduate women completed measures of materialism, self-objectification, capitalization of sexual attractiveness, and cosmetic surgery consideration. Correlational analysis showed that materialism, self-objectification, and capitalization of sexual attractiveness were significantly positively correlated with cosmetic surgery consideration...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ciro Civile, Eamon Colvin, Hasan Siddiqui, Sukhvinder S Obhi
Does the belief that a face belongs to an individual with autism affect recognition of that face? To address this question, we used the inversion effect as a marker of face recognition. In Experiment 1, participants completed a recognition task involving upright and inverted faces labelled as either 'regular' or 'autistic'. In reality, the faces presented in both conditions were identical. Results revealed a smaller inversion effect for faces labelled as autistic. Thus, simply labelling a face as 'autistic' disrupts recognition...
November 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Jessica F Saunders, Asia A Eaton, Stacy L Frazier
This qualitative study draws on a photo-elicitation method ("PhotoVoice") and semi-structured interviews to examine the key areas stakeholders (30 young women between the ages of 18 and 35 in eating disorder recovery) identify as meaningful venues of policy-based change. Photography and the accompanying narratives capturing personally-meaningful social, cultural, and systemic influences on recovery were shared with the research team. Photographs and interviews were examined for policy implications using thematic analysis, and six areas of improvement emerged: media, healthcare practice and access, health insurance reform, education, objectification of the female body, and mental health stigma...
October 26, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
U Suchner, C Reudelsterz, C Gog
The approach in the clinical fluid management of the dying is still controversially discussed in specialist circles and also in the general population. In this article the importance of establishing the therapeutic indications is emphasized against the background of a lack of evidence. Options to achieve noninvasive objectification of assumed dehydration as well as assessment of the reversibility of the symptoms are shown and the importance of monitoring of all therapeutic actions is discussed. The pathophysiological foundation of reversible disorders of fluid homoeostasis are described and distinguished from the irreversible disorders leading to terminal dehydration...
November 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Chiara Valzolgher, Mara Mazzurega, Massimiliano Zampini, Francesco Pavani
In our study, we aimed to reduce bodily self-consciousness using a multisensory illusion (MI), and tested whether this manipulation increases Self-objectification (the psychological attitude to perceive one's own body as an object). Participants observed their own body from a first-person perspective, through a head-mounted display, while receiving incongruent (or congruent) visuo-tactile stimulation on their abdomen or arms. Results showed stronger feelings of disownership, loss of agency and sensation of being out of ones' own body during incongruent compare to congruent stimulation...
October 20, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Elvira Prusaczyk, Becky L Choma
Consistent with objectification theory, many studies have shown that self-objectification (and body surveillance) is associated with depression and dissatisfaction with life. Critically, however, much of this research has been conducted with White women attending university in North America. To extend this literature, we investigated whether greater skin tone surveillance - a group-specific manifestation of self-objectification among women of colour - is linked to higher depression and lower life satisfaction among Indian women...
October 10, 2018: Body Image
Richard L Wiener, Trace C Vardsveen
In Title VII sexual harassment jurisprudence, U.S. courts use a 2-prong subjective-objective test to determine the viability of a sexual harassment claim: The complainant must show that the employer's conduct was unwelcome and sufficiently severe or pervasive to alter the conditions of employment and create an abusive working environment because of the complainant's sex from both the complainant's perspective (subjective prong) and a reasonable person's perspective (objective prong). This online study used a diverse national sample (361 MTurk Community Members) to investigate whether people apply the objective prong in a uniform manner, as the law assumes, or show predictable differences...
October 1, 2018: Law and Human Behavior
Petal Grower, L Monique Ward
Although numerous studies demonstrate links between negative body image and sexual well-being, recent research has emphasized studying the positive aspects of these constructs. The current study built upon this prior research by examining the association between body appreciation and sexual agency among a US community sample of 355 heterosexual women aged 18-40. This study also examined whether body appreciation is uniquely associated with sexual agency above and beyond levels of self-objectification. Regression analyses demonstrated that women who reported greater body appreciation also reported greater condom use self-efficacy, sexual satisfaction, sexual assertiveness, and feelings of entitlement to sexual pleasure, and lower levels of body self-consciousness during intimacy...
September 21, 2018: Body Image
Caryn Du Plooy, Heleen Coetzee, Esmé van Rensburg
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review available literature pertaining to the psychological effects of multimedia-induced sexualisation of girls in middle childhood (between the ages of 6 and 12 years old). METHOD: A systematic review was conducted through a comprehensive electronic search. Nineteen studies were included in the review and the data was analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Two themes were identified, namely: 1) detrimental psychological effects of sexualisation; and 2) beneficial psychological effects of sexualisation...
August 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
M A Green, A Kroska, A Herrick, B Bryant, E Sage, L Miles, M Ravet, M Powers, W Whitegoat, R Linkhart, B King
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a controlled randomized preliminary trial of an expanded online version of the Body Project (n = 46) compared to an assessment-only control condition (n = 36) via a longitudinal design (baseline, postintervention, 2-month follow-up) in a community sample of women (N = 82) with clinical (n = 53) and subclinical (n = 29) eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: The traditional content of the Body Project was modified to include verbal, written, and behavioral exercises designed to dissuade objectification and maladaptive social comparison and adapted to an online format...
December 2018: Eating Behaviors
N E Manturova, V A Stupin, G O Smirnova, E V Silina
The main aim of the study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of lifting operations in women with varying degrees of involuntary changes of facial skin, in particular when applying pharmacological conditioning, with the objectification of the role of the latter. Materials and methods: A research and surgical treatment were conducted to eliminate involutional changes of various degrees in the facial skin of 461 women aged 35-75 years. Surface lifting was performed in 20.2% of patients, SMAS-lifting - 49...
August 2018: Heliyon
Rotem Kahalon, Nurit Shnabel, Julia C Becker
This paper provides an organizing framework for the experimental research on the effects of state self-objectification on women. We explain why this body of work, which had grown rapidly in the last 20 years, departs from the original formulation of objectification theory (Fredrickson and Roberts, 1997). We compare the different operationalizations of state self-objectification and examine how they map onto its theoretical definition, concluding that the operationalizations have focused mostly on one component of this construct (concerns about one's physical appearance) while neglecting others (adopting a third-person perspective and treating oneself as a dehumanized object)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sarah L Trinh, Sophia Choukas-Bradley
The current study provided an exploratory mixed methods investigation of the messages undergraduate men received about sex and relationships from their male and female friends. Participants included 310 undergraduate men who provided written responses regarding the specific messages they had received from male and female friends. Descriptive codes included: Just Do It, Meaningful Intimacy, Gentlemen, Postpone Sex, Women's Sexual Desire, and Objectification of Women. Reports of sexual communications were typically consistent with the Heterosexual Script and congruent with the friend's gender...
July 2018: Psychology of Men & Masculinity
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"