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Philipp Aichinger, Jean Schoentgen
OBJECTIVES: Diplophonia is a common symptom of voice disorder that is in need of objectification. We investigated whether diplophonia can be detected from audio recordings of text readings by means of dedicated audio signal processing, ie, a descendant of a formerly published "Diplophonia Diagram." STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic study. METHODS: Forty subjects were included who had been clinically rated in the past as diplophonic. For each subject, the audio signal of the German standard text "Der Nordwind und die Sonne" was recorded...
August 5, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Geneviève Rail, Luisa Molino, Caroline Fusco, Moss Edward Norman, LeAnne Petherick, Jessica Polzer, Fiona Moola, Mary Bryson
RéSUMé: OBJECTIF: L'objectif était d'étudier le déploiement des discours sur la vaccination contre les VPH (VVPH) et leur impact sur les filles, les parents, les infirmiers/infirmières et les médecins canadiens. MéTHODES: Des entrevues ont été réalisées avec des participant(e)s (n = 146) de quatre provinces canadiennes. Une analyse poststructuraliste du discours a permis d'examiner les campagnes de VVPH et les transcriptions d'entrevues pour documenter la façon dont les participant(e)s interprètent les VVPH et se positionnent comme sujets au sein des discours de l'industrie ou des agences de santé publique...
August 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Tetsuya Asakawa, Kenji Sugiyama, Takao Nozaki, Tetsuro Sameshima, Susumu Kobayashi, Liang Wang, Zhen Hong, Shu-Jiao Chen, Can-Dong Li, Ding Ding, Hiroki Namba
Pediatric movement disorders (PMDs) are common and have recently received increasing attention. As these disorders have special clinical features, the selection of appropriate behavioral assessment tools that can clearly distinguish movement disorders from other diseases (eg, epilepsy and neuromuscular disorders) is crucial for achieving an accurate diagnosis and treatment. However, few studies have focused on behavioral assessments in children. The present report attempts to provide a critical review of the available subjective and objective assessment tests for common PMDs...
July 24, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Michelle Haikalis, Ruschelle M Leone, Dominic J Parrott, David DiLillo
Examination of situations in which bystanders missed intervention opportunities to prevent sexual assault can advance our understanding of how bystanders can prevent sexual assault. The present study utilized an incident-specific approach based on reports from 427 female sexual assault victims (ages 18-25 years) recruited via Mechanical Turk. Results indicate that bystanders had an opportunity to intervene before 23% of sexual assaults, alcohol use in settings with bystanders was widespread (by perpetrators, victims, and bystanders), and several factors were more common in situations involving missed intervention opportunity...
August 2018: Violence Against Women
Beth T Bell, Jennifer A Cassarly, Lucy Dunbar
The present study is the first to examine the extent to which young adult women post objectifying self-images on social media, and whether the frequency of posting such content can be predicted by self-objectification and positive feedback (likes). Eighty-six young adult women from the UK (Age M = 19.88; SD = 1.34, Range = 18-24) completed self-report measures of self-objectification and social media use. The 20 most recent images they had posted on their personal Instagram accounts were downloaded (Image N = 1720) and content analysed for self-objectifying content...
July 10, 2018: Body Image
James Rupert Fletcher
The dyad is increasingly recognised as a key site of experiences of dementia, yet theoretical accounts of the dyad remain poor; 21st-century political developments regarding dementia have changed the ways in which the dyad is perceived, from the carer as victim to the person with dementia as victim. Across both approaches, a problematic dichotomy of two individuals remains. The concept of 'joint career', developed from Goffman's 'moral career', offers an alternative approach to shared dyadic experiences of dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Jay Sibara
I argue that Ann Petry in her novel The Street (1946) portrays chronic illness, disfigurement, and disability as embodied effects of racism resulting from labor exploitation, crowded and unsafe housing conditions, and lack of access to nourishing food and respectful, thorough, and effective health care. Further, Petry conveys that Western medicine (as practiced in the United States) reproduces and maintains white supremacy through mechanisms including how treatment resources are allocated, how medical institutions collaborate with law enforcement officials and institutions, and how medical professionals and spaces authorize the objectification of Black bodies...
2018: Literature and Medicine
Casey L Bevens, Amy L Brown, Steve Loughnan
Sexual aggression is prevalent and damaging in our culture, and sources of support or blame following an attack of this kind can be important influences on the recovery process. This pair of studies investigate the nature of women's blame reactions towards survivors of sexual aggression, as well as the potential for provision of sympathy and support. Specifically, we focused on the previously neglected role of female self-objectification. It was expected that increased self-objectification would lead to decreased sympathy and support, and more rape victim blame...
2018: PloS One
Qing Zhang, Ling-Ling Yu, Shi-Qin Liu, Guang-Ying Huang, Sha-Bei Xu, Wei Wang
The objectification of " Deqi " of acupuncture is a hot topic in acupuncture research at present, and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is one of the most frequently-used techniques for revealing its brain responses. We searched literature about " Deqi " from PubMed in recent 10 years by using key words " Deqi "acupuncture sensation"needling sensation" and fMRI, trying to expound the central mechanism of " Deqi " and to put forward our understandings...
May 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Laurens Vangeel, Laura Vandenbosch, Steven Eggermont
This longitudinal study (N = 400, 54.5% female) explores the relationships between three components of self-objectification: the internalization of the media's appearance ideals, the valuing of appearance over competence, and body surveillance. The study adds to the self-objectification literature by taking a long-term, developmental approach. The relationships are examined over 6-month intervals during adolescence and a 5-year interval from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Furthermore, this study is the first to examine relationships between different components of self-objectification at the within-person level and, thus, study personal changes over time...
September 2018: Body Image
Philippe Bernard, Florence Hanoteau, Sarah Gervais, Lara Servais, Irene Bertolone, Paul Deltenre, Cécile Colin
Recent research found that sexualized bodies are visually processed similarly to objects. This article examines the effects of skin-to-clothing ratio and posture suggestiveness on cognitive objectification. Participants were presented images of upright versus inverted bodies while we recorded the N170. We used the N170 amplitude inversion effect (larger N170 amplitudes for inverted vs. upright stimuli) to assess cognitive objectification, with no N170 inversion effect indicating less configural processing and more cognitive objectification...
June 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Stephan Schleim
Increasing research efforts try to identify biological markers in order to support or eventually replace current practices of diagnosing mental disorders. Inasmuch as these disorders refer to subjective mental states, such efforts amount to their objectification. This gives rise to conceptual as well as empirical challenges: What kind of things are mental disorders? And how to deal with situations where subjective reports, clinical decisions, and brain scans contradict each other? The present paper starts out with a discussion of recent efforts to objectify beauty...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Debra Carroll-Beight, Markus Larsson
Purpose: Transgender persons experience a disproportionate representation in adverse mental health conditions globally. In Sweden, there are tangible efforts to improve mental healthcare overall, but transgender persons still struggle with meeting their mental healthcare needs and there is an absence of understanding the role of mental healthcare for this population and how services are being utilized. Thus, the aim of this study was to gain knowledge from transgender individuals in Sweden concerning their mental healthcare, their needs, expectations, and realities, regardless of transition status...
2018: Transgender Health
M Zellner, W Schöps, O P Jungmann, R Böthig, T Kadhum, K Golka
Convincing urological expert opinions require the objectification of medical history complaints of health and functional disorders in the legal sense of obtaining full proof. This means that there is such a high degree of likelihood, beyond any doubt of a reasonable person observing the condition (Bundessozialgericht Entscheidung [BSGE] 32, 203/207). This requires a comprehensive general and special medical history survey, as well as a series of urological examination procedures in the hands of experienced urologists...
July 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Jamil Hussain, Wajahat Ali Khan, Taeho Hur, Hafiz Syed Muhammad Bilal, Jaehun Bang, Anees Ul Hassan, Muhammad Afzal, Sungyoung Lee
The user experience (UX) is an emerging field in user research and design, and the development of UX evaluation methods presents a challenge for both researchers and practitioners. Different UX evaluation methods have been developed to extract accurate UX data. Among UX evaluation methods, the mixed-method approach of triangulation has gained importance. It provides more accurate and precise information about the user while interacting with the product. However, this approach requires skilled UX researchers and developers to integrate multiple devices, synchronize them, analyze the data, and ultimately produce an informed decision...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
Anahi Sy
This paper aims to analyze the process of medicalization in current societies, starting from the description of the way in which medicine gradually appropriated various aspects of everyday life that were once part of the life cycle of people. At the theoretical level, we are based on authors such as Descola and Latour, who problematize the dichotomy between Nature and Culture, and propose the need to think from a superior episteme. Methodologically, this theoretical proposal enables an analysis of the medicalization that can illuminate what is hidden in the discourse and biomedical practices: the sociocultural, political and economic processes that are part of these "objects" of Medicine...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jiwon Oh, Marie-Sarah Gagné-Brosseau, Melanie Guenette, Catherine Larochelle, François Lemieux, Suresh Menon, Sarah A Morrow, Laurence Poliquin-Lasnier, Chantal Roy-Hewitson, Carolina Rush, Anne-Marie Trudelle, Paul S Giacomini
The objective of this study was to develop a shared-care model to enable primary-care physicians to participate more fully in meeting the complex, multidisciplinary healthcare needs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: The design consisted of development of consensus recommendations and a shared-care algorithm. PARTICIPANTS: A working group of 11 Canadian neurologists involved in the management of patients with MS were included in this study. MAIN MESSAGE: The clinical management of patients with multiple sclerosis is increasing in complexity as new disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) become available, and ongoing safety monitoring is required...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Patrick Gogognon, Béatrice Godard
Résumé : Contexte : L'asymétrie de pouvoir dans les partenariats de recherche en santé mondiale constitue un enjeu de justice et d'équité pour les institutions de recherche, les chercheurs et les communautés, en particulier dans les pays en développement. Pour les chercheurs, l'asymétrie de pouvoir peut constituer un obstacle pour une recherche efficiente et équitable et ils sont à risque d'être en situation de vulnérabilité. Objectifs : Ces enjeux sont largement discutés dans la littérature mais ce phénomène reste encore étudié au plan théorique et peu de données empiriques sont disponibles, particulièrement dans les pays en développement...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
Stephanie L Grossman, Rachel A Annunziato
Background Body hair removal is a behaviour that has become normative among women in Westernised cultures, and is presented by the media as the feminine ideal, despite being painful and a potential cause of infection. Of concern, removal may be part of a more global pattern of appearance dissatisfaction and risky sexual behaviour. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships among pubic hair removal, body image and sexual health indicators. METHODS: Women (n=264; Mage=33...
June 2018: Sexual Health
Edmund Tan, Osama Loubani, Nelofar Kureshi, Robert S Green
RéSUMé: OBJECTIF: L'oxygénation apnéique (OA) par lunettes nasales est une méthode de prévention de la désaturation en oxygène au cours des intubations en urgence. L'objectif de cette revue systématique était de déterminer l'efficacité de l'OA sur la prévention de la désaturation en oxygène au cours des intubations en urgence. SOURCE: Des recherches systématiques ont été effectuées dans trois bases de données électroniques (MEDLINE, EMBASE et CINAHL) pour identifier les études portant sur la prévention de la désaturation en oxygène au moyen de l'OA par lunettes nasales...
August 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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