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Self-objectification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316021/skin-tone-surveillance-depression-and-life-satisfaction-in-indian-women-colour-blind-racial-ideology-as-a-moderator
#1
Elvira Prusaczyk, Becky L Choma
Consistent with objectification theory, many studies have shown that self-objectification (and body surveillance) is associated with depression and dissatisfaction with life. Critically, however, much of this research has been conducted with White women attending university in North America. To extend this literature, we investigated whether greater skin tone surveillance - a group-specific manifestation of self-objectification among women of colour - is linked to higher depression and lower life satisfaction among Indian women...
October 10, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248567/examining-the-unique-contribution-of-body-appreciation-to-heterosexual-women-s-sexual-agency
#2
Petal Grower, L Monique Ward
Although numerous studies demonstrate links between negative body image and sexual well-being, recent research has emphasized studying the positive aspects of these constructs. The current study built upon this prior research by examining the association between body appreciation and sexual agency among a US community sample of 355 heterosexual women aged 18-40. This study also examined whether body appreciation is uniquely associated with sexual agency above and beyond levels of self-objectification. Regression analyses demonstrated that women who reported greater body appreciation also reported greater condom use self-efficacy, sexual satisfaction, sexual assertiveness, and feelings of entitlement to sexual pleasure, and lower levels of body self-consciousness during intimacy...
September 21, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199771/a-preliminary-trial-of-an-online-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-intervention
#3
M A Green, A Kroska, A Herrick, B Bryant, E Sage, L Miles, M Ravet, M Powers, W Whitegoat, R Linkhart, B King
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a controlled randomized preliminary trial of an expanded online version of the Body Project (n = 46) compared to an assessment-only control condition (n = 36) via a longitudinal design (baseline, postintervention, 2-month follow-up) in a community sample of women (N = 82) with clinical (n = 53) and subclinical (n = 29) eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: The traditional content of the Body Project was modified to include verbal, written, and behavioral exercises designed to dissuade objectification and maladaptive social comparison and adapted to an online format...
September 4, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150946/experimental-studies-on-state-self-objectification-a-review-and-an-integrative-process-model
#4
REVIEW
Rotem Kahalon, Nurit Shnabel, Julia C Becker
This paper provides an organizing framework for the experimental research on the effects of state self-objectification on women. We explain why this body of work, which had grown rapidly in the last 20 years, departs from the original formulation of objectification theory (Fredrickson and Roberts, 1997). We compare the different operationalizations of state self-objectification and examine how they map onto its theoretical definition, concluding that the operationalizations have focused mostly on one component of this construct (concerns about one's physical appearance) while neglecting others (adopting a third-person perspective and treating oneself as a dehumanized object)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138768/-you-look-great-the-effect-of-viewing-appearance-related-instagram-comments-on-women-s-body-image
#5
Marika Tiggemann, Isabella Barbato
Instagram is an increasingly popular social networking site where users post and share photos. The aim of the present study was to experimentally investigate the effect of viewing appearance-related comments accompanying Instagram images on women's body image. Participants were 128 female undergraduate students who viewed a set of attractive images paired with a brief positive comment. For half the participants, comments were related to appearance; the other half viewed the same images with place-related comments...
August 20, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132695/representation-of-women-in-video-games-a-systematic-review-of-literature-in-consideration-of-adult-female-wellbeing
#6
Meghan Gestos, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Andrew Campbell
This study aims to provide a comprehensive systematic review of the literature relating to the representation of women within video games in consideration of adult female wellbeing. The research question of the study assessed whether the representation of women in video games leads to female self-objectification and negative body image in adult women. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) review method was used; comprising a thorough keyword database search, followed by literature screening and data extraction...
September 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005293/selfie-objectification-self-objectification-and-positive-feedback-likes-are-associated-with-frequency-of-posting-sexually-objectifying-self-images-on-social-media
#7
Beth T Bell, Jennifer A Cassarly, Lucy Dunbar
The present study is the first to examine the extent to which young adult women post objectifying self-images on social media, and whether the frequency of posting such content can be predicted by self-objectification and positive feedback (likes). Eighty-six young adult women from the UK (Age M = 19.88; SD = 1.34, Range = 18-24) completed self-report measures of self-objectification and social media use. The 20 most recent images they had posted on their personal Instagram accounts were downloaded (Image N = 1720) and content analysed for self-objectifying content...
September 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953511/the-role-of-self-objectification-and-women-s-blame-sympathy-and-support-for-a-rape-victim
#8
Casey L Bevens, Amy L Brown, Steve Loughnan
Sexual aggression is prevalent and damaging in our culture, and sources of support or blame following an attack of this kind can be important influences on the recovery process. This pair of studies investigate the nature of women's blame reactions towards survivors of sexual aggression, as well as the potential for provision of sympathy and support. Specifically, we focused on the previously neglected role of female self-objectification. It was expected that increased self-objectification would lead to decreased sympathy and support, and more rape victim blame...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886264/the-multidimensional-self-objectification-process-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood
#9
Laurens Vangeel, Laura Vandenbosch, Steven Eggermont
This longitudinal study (N = 400, 54.5% female) explores the relationships between three components of self-objectification: the internalization of the media's appearance ideals, the valuing of appearance over competence, and body surveillance. The study adds to the self-objectification literature by taking a long-term, developmental approach. The relationships are examined over 6-month intervals during adolescence and a 5-year interval from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Furthermore, this study is the first to examine relationships between different components of self-objectification at the within-person level and, thus, study personal changes over time...
September 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706147/risky-business-is-pubic-hair-removal-by-women-associated-with-body-image-and-sexual-health
#10
Stephanie L Grossman, Rachel A Annunziato
Background Body hair removal is a behaviour that has become normative among women in Westernised cultures, and is presented by the media as the feminine ideal, despite being painful and a potential cause of infection. Of concern, removal may be part of a more global pattern of appearance dissatisfaction and risky sexual behaviour. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships among pubic hair removal, body image and sexual health indicators. METHODS: Women (n=264; Mage=33...
June 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672081/transgender-people-of-color-s-experiences-of-sexual-objectification-locating-sexual-objectification-within-a-matrix-of-domination
#11
Mirella J Flores, Laurel B Watson, Luke R Allen, Mudiwa Ford, Christine R Serpe, Ping Ying Choo, Michelle Farrell
The purpose of this grounded theory study was to investigate transgender people of color's (TPOC's) sexual objectification experiences (SOEs). Fifteen TPOC were interviewed about their experiences with sexual objectification. Using intersectionality and objectification theories as our research paradigms, results suggested that participants' SOEs were shaped by the intersections of cissexism, sexism, and racism, and that participants experienced various levels of privilege and oppression based on their specific identities...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527090/sexualizing-media-use-and-self-objectification-a-meta-analysis
#12
Kathrin Karsay, Johannes Knoll, Jörg Matthes
Objectification theorists suggest that exposure to sexualizing media increases self-objectification among individuals. Correlational and experimental research examining this relation has received growing attention. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the influence of sexualizing media use on self-objectification among women and men. For this purpose, we analyzed 54 papers yielding 50 independent studies and 261 effect sizes. The data revealed a positive, moderate effect of sexualizing media on self-objectification ( r = ...
March 2018: Psychology of Women Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517805/self-objectification-and-disordered-eating-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Lauren M Schaefer, J Kevin Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Objectification theory posits that self-objectification increases risk for disordered eating. METHOD: The current study sought to examine the relationship between self-objectification and disordered eating using meta-analytic techniques. RESULTS: Data from 53 cross-sectional studies (73 effect sizes) revealed a significant moderate positive overall effect (r = .39), which was moderated by gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and measurement of self-objectification...
June 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502511/stranger-harassment-piropo-and-women-s-self-objectification-the-role-of-anger-happiness-and-empowerment
#14
Alba Moya-Garófano, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón, Miguel Moya, Jesús L Megías
According to objectification theory, women's habitual exposure to sexually objectifying situations can lead them to internalize a third-person perspective of themselves in physical terms, leading women to adopt an observer's viewpoint of themselves as a body or collection of body parts that is valued principally for use or consumption by others (i.e., self-objectification). The frequency and/or intensity of situations of female objectification have generally been studied as precedents of self-objectification...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367074/self-objectification-weight-bias-internalization-and-binge-eating-in-young-women-testing-a-mediational-model
#15
Adrienne Mehak, Aliza Friedman, Stephanie E Cassin
Self-objectification and weight bias internalization are two internalization processes that are positively correlated with binge eating among young women. However, the mechanisms underlying these relationships are understudied. Consistent with objectification theory, this study examined appearance anxiety and body shame as mediators between self-objectification, weight bias internalization and binge eating. Female undergraduates (N=102) completed self-report measures of self-objectification, weight bias internalization, appearance anxiety, body shame, and binge eating...
March 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344359/group-schema-therapy-for-eating-disorders-study-protocol
#16
Fiona Calvert, Evelyn Smith, Rob Brockman, Susan Simpson
Background: The treatment of eating disorders is a difficult endeavor, with only a relatively small proportion of clients responding to and completing standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Given the prevalence of co-morbidity and complex personality traits in this population, Schema Therapy has been identified as a potentially viable treatment option. A case series of Group Schema Therapy for Eating Disorders (ST-E-g) yielded positive findings and the study protocol outlined in this article aims to extend upon these preliminary findings to evaluate group Schema Therapy for eating disorders in a larger sample ( n = 40)...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241116/-body-self-in-the-shadow-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-the-long-term-implications-of-sexual-abuse-for-male-and-female-adult-survivors
#17
Anat Talmon, Karni Ginzburg
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may have long-term negative outcomes for victims' body representations. In this study we examined a model in which the relation between CSA and an individual's discomfort when in close proximity to others is mediated by disrupted body boundaries, and the relation between CSA and body shame is mediated by body self-objectification. Since most of these variables were conceptualized and assessed primarily among women, gender differences regarding the proposed model were examined. Study participants were 843 college/university students (536 women and 307 men)...
February 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195515/the-role-of-objectification-in-the-victimization-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Melissa R Jonnson, Jennifer I Langille, Zach Walsh
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a substantial health concern and identifying risk factors for IPV is a research priority. We examined the relationship between severe IPV and objectification of the self and other sex across participant sex. A sample of 1,005 male and female university students completed a series of online questionnaires that measure levels of self-objectification, objectification of the other sex, and histories of severe IPV victimization and perpetration. Self-objectification was associated with severe psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion victimization in females, but not in males...
February 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172061/self-objectification-body-shame-and-disordered-eating-testing-a-core-mediational-model-of-objectification-theory-among-white-black-and-hispanic-women
#19
Lauren M Schaefer, Natasha L Burke, Rachel M Calogero, Jessie E Menzel, Ross Krawczyk, J Kevin Thompson
Objectification theory asserts that self-objectification, which manifests as self-surveillance, leads to increased body shame and subsequent eating pathology. Although evidence supports the core mediational model, the majority of this work utilizes primarily White samples, limiting generalizability to other ethnic groups. The current study examined whether the core tenets of objectification theory generalize to Black and Hispanic women. Participants were 880 college women from the United States (71.7% White, 15...
March 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171676/tween-television-and-peers-reinforcing-social-agents-in-early-adolescents-body-surveillance-and-self-objectification
#20
Ann Rousseau, Steven Eggermont
Sociocultural models of body image posit that the media and peers play a role in early adolescents' body dissatisfaction. Introducing a sociocultural perspective on youth sexualization, the present three-wave panel study (N = 968, Mage  = 11.30) sought to examine the role of tween television and peer appearance conversations in early adolescents' body surveillance and self-objectification over time. Special attention was given to the mediating role of media internalization in these relationships. The results showed evidence for a reciprocal interaction between media internalization and peer appearance conversations and identified this reciprocal interaction as the underlying mechanism linking tween television exposure to higher levels of body surveillance and self-objectification 1 year later...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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