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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088748/a-dna-probe-based-on-phosphorescent-resonance-energy-transfer-for-detection-of-transgenic-35s-promoter-dna
#1
Jinzhi Lv, Yanming Miao, Jiajia Yang, Jin Qin, Dongxia Li, Guiqin Yan
A QDs-DNA nano-probe was made by combining Mn-doped ZnS room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) quantum dots (QDs) and DNA. Then an RTP sensor for quantitative detection of genetically-modified mark sequence cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (Ca MV 35S) DNA was built on basis of phosphorescent resonance energy transfer (PRET). The underlying principles were that a QDs-DNA water-soluble nano-probe was built by connecting single-strand DNA to the surfaces of QDs via a ligand exchange method. This probe had good RTP performance and could well identify Ca MV 35S...
January 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088729/new-insights-into-aox2-transcriptional-regulation-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#2
Mariya Ostroukhova, Zhanneta Zalutskaya, Elena Ermilova
A feature of the mitochondrial electron transport chain in plants, some protists and many fungi is the presence of two terminal oxidases, the energy-conserving cytochrome oxidase and another termed alternative oxidase (AOX). AOX branches from the main respiratory chain, directly coupling the oxidation of ubiquinol with reduction of oxygen to water. The AOX genes can be divided into two discrete subfamilies, AOX1 and AOX2. Although AOX has been proposed to play essential roles in stress tolerance of organisms, the role of subfamily AOX2 is largely unknown...
December 13, 2016: European Journal of Protistology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088718/highly-efficient-inactivation-of-bacteria-found-in-drinking-water-using-chitosan-bentonite-composites-modelling-and-breakthrough-curve-analysis
#3
Sarah C Motshekga, Suprakas Sinha Ray
Disinfection of bacterially-contaminated drinking water requires a robust and effective technique and can be achieved by using an appropriate disinfectant material. The advanced use of nanomaterials is observed as an alternative and effective way for the disinfection process and water treatment as a whole. Hence, the inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) using chitosan-Bentonite (Cts-Bent) composites was studied in a fixed bed column. Cts-Bent composites were synthesized using in situ cross-linking method using Bent-supported silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles...
January 3, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088706/topological-imaging-in-bounded-elastic-media
#4
Emma Lubeigt, Serge Mensah, Sandrine Rakotonarivo, Jean-François Chaix, François Baqué, Gilles Gobillot
Detecting, imaging and sizing defects in a bounded elastic medium is still a difficult task, especially when access is complex. Adjoint methods simplify the task as they take advantage of prior information such as the geometry and material properties. However, they still reveal a number of important limitations. Artifacts observed on the conventional topological energy image result from wave interactions with the boundaries of the inspected medium. The paper describes a method for addressing these artifacts, which involves forward and adjoint fields specified in terms of the boundary conditions...
January 4, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088676/structure-of-o-specific-polysaccharide-of-oligotropha-carboxidovorans-om5-a-wastewater-bacterium
#5
Iwona Komaniecka, Adam Choma, Katarzyna Zamlynska, Anna Sroka-Bartnicka, Pawel Sowinski
Oligotropha carboxidovorans strain OM5 (previously known as Pseudomonas carboxydovorans OM5) is a rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium isolated from wastewater. This bacterium is able to live in aerobic and, facultatively, in autotrophic conditions. For autotrophic growth, the bacteria can utilize carbon monoxide or hydrogen as a source of energy. The O-specific polysaccharide isolated from O. carboxidovorans OM5 lipopolysaccharide was structurally characterized using chemical analyses, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry techniques...
January 3, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088669/micro-mechanical-properties-of-the-tendon-to-bone-attachment
#6
Alix C Deymier, Yiran An, John J Boyle, Andrea G Schwartz, Victor Birman, Guy M Genin, Stavros Thomopoulos, Asa H Barber
: The tendon-to-bone attachment (enthesis) is a complex hierarchical tissue that connects stiff bone to compliant tendon. The attachment site at the micrometer scale exhibits gradients in mineral content and collagen orientation, which likely act to minimize stress concentrations. The physiological micromechanics of the attachment thus define resultant performance, but difficulties in sample preparation and mechanical testing at this scale have restricted understanding of structure-mechanical function...
January 11, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088649/fumarate-reductase-superfamily-a-diverse-group-of-enzymes-whose-evolution-is-correlated-to-the-establishment-of-different-metabolic-pathways
#7
Douglas Jardim-Messeder, Caroline Cabreira-Cagliari, Rafael Rauber, Andreia Carina Turchetto-Zolet, Rogério Margis, Márcia Margis-Pinheiro
Fumarate and succinate are known to be present in prebiotic systems essential for the origin of life. The fumarate and succinate interconversion reactions have been conserved throughout evolution and are found in all living organisms. The fumarate and succinate interconversion is catalyzed by the enzymes succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and fumarate reductase (FRD). In this work we show that SDH and FRD are part of a group of enzymes that we propose to designate "fumarate reductase superfamily". Our results demonstrate that these enzymes emerged from a common ancestor and were essential in the development of metabolic pathways involved in energy transduction...
January 11, 2017: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088576/lid-domain-plasticity-and-lipid-flexibility-modulate-enzyme-specificity-in-human-monoacylglycerol-lipase
#8
Laura Riccardi, Jose M Arencibia, Luca Bono, Andrea Armirotti, Stefania Girotto, Marco De Vivo
Human monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) is a membrane-interacting enzyme that generates pro-inflammatory signaling molecules. For this reason, MAGL inhibition is a promising strategy to treat pain, cancer, and neuroinflammatory diseases. MAGL can hydrolyze monoacylglycerols bearing an acyl chain of different lengths and degrees of unsaturation, cleaving primarily the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol. Importantly, the enzymatic binding site of MAGL is confined by a 75-amino-acid-long, flexible cap domain, named 'lid domain', which is structurally similar to that found in several other lipases...
January 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088570/achillea-millefolium-l-extract-mediated-green-synthesis-of-waste-peach-kernel-shell-supported-silver-nanoparticles-application-of-the-nanoparticles-for-catalytic-reduction-of-a-variety-of-dyes-in-water
#9
Bahar Khodadadi, Maryam Bordbar, Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
In this paper, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are synthesized using Achillea millefolium L. extract as reducing and stabilizing agents and peach kernel shell as an environmentally benign support. FT-IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), Thermo gravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) were used to characterize peach kernel shell, Ag NPs, and Ag NPs/peach kernel shell...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088565/rapid-microwave-assisted-growth-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-3d-graphene-networks-for-supercapacitor-application
#10
S Khamlich, T Khamliche, M S Dhlamini, M Khenfouch, B M Mothudi, M Maaza
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) grown on a three dimensional (3d) graphene networks (GNs) has been successfully prepared by an efficient and rapid microwave-assisted growth process to form GNs/AgNPs nanocomposite electrode materials for supercapacitor application. The 3d nature of the used GNs offers a unique architecture, which creates an efficient conduction networks and maximum utilization of space and interface, and acts as a conductive layer for the deposited AgNPs. The electrochemical performances of the fabricated electrode were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088468/hypothalamic-effects-of-thyroid-hormone
#11
Zhi Zhang, Anita Boelen, Peter H Bisschop, Andries Kalsbeek, Eric Fliers
Thyroid hormone (TH) is a key driver of metabolism in mammals. Plasma concentrations of TH are kept within a narrow range by negative feedback regulation in the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis. Plasma TH concentrations are an important determinant of metabolic processes in liver and brown adipose tissue (BAT). In addition to endocrine effects of TH derived from the circulation, recent studies have demonstrated additional neural routes for intrahypothalamic thyroid hormone to regulate metabolism in liver and BAT via the sympathetic and parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system (ANS)...
January 11, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088456/development-of-a-predictive-model-for-the-long-term-stability-assessment-of-drug-in-adhesive-transdermal-films-using-polar-pressure-sensitive-adhesives-as-carrier-matrix
#12
Clémence Chenevas-Paule, Hans-Michael Wolff, Mark Ashton, Martin Schubert, Kalliopi Dodou
Drug crystallization in transdermal drug delivery systems (TDDS) is a critical quality defect. The impact of drug load and hydration on the physical stability of polar (acrylic) drug-in-adhesive (DIA) films was investigated with the objective to identify predictive formulation parameters with respect to drug solubility and long-term stability. Medicated acrylic films were prepared over a range of drug concentrations below and above saturation solubility; and were characterized by FTIR, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized microscopy and Dynamic Vapor Sorption (DVS) analysis...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088409/genome-wide-association-analysis-and-pathways-enrichment-for-lactation-persistency-in-canadian-holstein-cattle
#13
D N Do, N Bissonnette, P Lacasse, F Miglior, M Sargolzaei, X Zhao, E M Ibeagha-Awemu
Lactation persistency (LP), defined as the rate of declining milk yield after milk peak, is an economically important trait for dairy cattle. Improving LP is considered a good alternative method for increasing overall milk production because it does not cause the negative energy balance and other health issues that cows experience during peak milk production. However, little is known about the biology of LP. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) and pathway enrichment were used to explore the genetic mechanisms underlying LP...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088408/the-effects-of-adding-fat-to-diets-of-lactating-dairy-cows-on-total-tract-neutral-detergent-fiber-digestibility-a-meta-analysis
#14
K A Weld, L E Armentano
The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the effects of supplemental fat on fiber digestibility in lactating dairy cattle. Published papers that evaluated the effects of adding fat to the diets of lactating dairy cattle on total-tract neutral detergent fiber digestibility (ttNDFd) and dry matter intake (DMI) were compiled. The final data set included 108 fat-supplemented treatment means, not including low-fat controls, from 38 publications. The fat-supplemented treatment means exhibited a wide range of ttNDFd (49...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088407/far-off-and-close-up-dry-matter-intake-modulate-indicators-of-immunometabolic-adaptations-to-lactation-in-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-pasture-based-transition-dairy-cows
#15
M Vailati-Riboni, G Farina, F Batistel, A Heiser, M D Mitchell, M A Crookenden, C G Walker, J K Kay, S Meier, J R Roche, J J Loor
The common practice of increasing dietary energy density during the close-up dry period (last ∼3 wk prepartum) has been recently associated with a higher incidence of metabolic disorders after calving. Despite these reports, over-feeding of metabolizable energy (ME) during the far-off, nonlactating period is a common management policy aimed at achieving optimum calving body condition score (BCS) in pasture-based systems, as cows are generally thinner than total mixed ration cows at the end of lactation. Our hypothesis was that both far-off and close-up overfeeding influence the peripartum adipose tissue changes associated with energy balance and inflammatory state...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088388/activation-of-gr-but-not-pxr-by-dexamethasone-attenuated-acetaminophen-hepatotoxicities-via-fgf21-induction
#16
Saurabh G Vispute, Pengli Bu, Yuan Le, Xingguo Cheng
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling is indispensable for cell growth and development, and plays important roles in drug metabolism. Fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) 21, an important regulator of glucose, lipid, and energy metabolism, plays a cytoprotective role by attenuating toxicities induced by chemicals such as dioxins, acetaminophen (APAP), and alcohols. The present study investigates the impact of dexamethasone (DEX)-activated GR on Fgf21 expression and how it affects the progression of APAP-induced hepatotoxicity...
January 11, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088333/mitochondrial-uncoupling-in-cancer-cells-liabilities-and-opportunities
#17
REVIEW
Gyorgy Baffy
Acquisition of the endosymbiotic ancestor of mitochondria was a critical event in eukaryote evolution. Mitochondria offered an unparalleled source of metabolic energy through oxidative phosphorylation and allowed the development of multicellular life. However, as molecular oxygen had become the terminal electron acceptor in most eukaryotic cells, the electron transport chain proved to be the largest intracellular source of superoxide, contributing to macromolecular injury, aging, and cancer. Hence, the 'contract of endosymbiosis' represents a compromise between the possibilities and perils of multicellular life...
January 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088164/photochemical-generation-of-h2ncnx-h2nncx-h2nc-nx-x-o-s-in-low-temperature-matrices
#18
Tamás Vörös, Győző György Lajgút, Gábor Magyarfalvi, György Tarczay
The [NH2, C, N, O] and the [NH2, C, N, S] molecular systems were investigated by computational and matrix-isolation spectroscopic methods. The determination of the equilibrium structures and relative energies by CCSD(T) method was followed by the computation of the harmonic and anharmonic vibrational wavenumbers, infrared intensities, relative Raman activities, and UV excitation energies. These computed data were used to assist the identification of products obtained by UV laser photolysis of 3,4-diaminofurazan and 3,4-diaminothiadiazole in low-temperature Ar and Kr matrices...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088161/efficient-free-energy-calculations-by-combining-two-complementary-tempering-sampling-methods
#19
Liangxu Xie, Lin Shen, Zhe-Ning Chen, Mingjun Yang
Although energy barriers can be efficiently crossed in the reaction coordinate (RC) guided sampling, this type of method suffers from identification of the correct RCs or requirements of high dimensionality of the defined RCs for a given system. If only the approximate RCs with significant barriers are used in the simulations, hidden energy barriers with small to medium height would exist in other degrees of freedom (DOFs) relevant to the target process and consequently cause the problem of insufficient sampling...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088160/photofragment-ion-imaging-from-mass-selected-mg-brch3-complex-dissociation-mechanism-following-photoinduced-charge-transfer
#20
Kenichi Okutsu, Kenichiro Yamazaki, Keijiro Ohshimo, Fuminori Misaizu
We have observed fragment ion images produced by ultraviolet photodissociation of Mg(+)BrCH3 complex ions using a reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer combined with an imaging detector. The BrCH3(+) fragment ion was produced after the 266-nm excitation of Mg(+)BrCH3. In the image of the BrCH3(+) ions, a split distribution was observed parallel to the polarization direction of the photolysis laser. In calculated potential energy curves, we found a repulsive potential correlated with a dissociation limit of Mg + BrCH3(+): The calculation results indicate that the dissociation and the charge transfer occurred via non-adiabatic process after the 5(2)A' ← 1(2)A' photoexcitation...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
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