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Scholarly method

Coraline Stormacq, Stephan Van den Broucke, Jacqueline Wosinski
While socioeconomic disparities are among the most fundamental causes of health disparities, socioeconomic status (SES) does not impact health directly. One of the potential mediating factors that link SES and health is health literacy (HL). Yet although HL can be considered a modifiable risk factor of socioeconomic disparities in health, the relationship between SES, HL and health disparities is not well understood. This study reviewed the evidence regarding the mediating role of HL in the relationship between socioeconomic and health disparities...
August 9, 2018: Health Promotion International
Amirhossein Sahebkar, Luis E Simental-Mendía, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Matteo Pirro, Maciej Banach, Cesare R Sirtori, Željko Reiner
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein C-III (apo C-III) is a key regulator of triglycerides metabolism. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of fish omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on apo C-III levels. METHODS: Randomized placebo-controlled trials investigating the impact of omega-3 on apo C-III levels were searched in PubMed-Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Science and Google Scholar. A random-effects model and generic inverse variance method were used for quantitative data synthesis...
August 13, 2018: Annals of Medicine
Brent A Kaplan, Rachel N S Foster, Derek D Reed, Michael Amlung, James G Murphy, James MacKillop
BACKGROUND: The Alcohol Purchase Task (APT) is a behavioral economic assessment of alcohol demand (i.e., motivation for consumption during escalating levels of response cost) using simulated marketplace survey techniques. While the APT is often used and widely cited, to date, there has yet to be a systematic review elucidating the variability in administering and analyzing the APT. The purpose of the current paper is to address this knowledge gap in the literature by cataloging the various purchase task methodologies and providing recommendations and future areas of inquiry...
August 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Adriana Sánchez-García, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Mario Simental-Mendía, Luis E Simental-Mendía
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is widely used to treat liver diseases; however, its potential effect on metabolic parameters has been poorly investigated. Additionally, owing to divergent data, the objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of UDCA on glycemic parameters in clinical trials. Clinical trials investigating the impact of UDCA treatment on glycemic markers were searched in PubMed-Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases (from inception to April 16, 2018). A random-effects model and generic inverse variance method were used for quantitative data synthesis...
August 9, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Jasmin Lampe, Bernhard Borgetto, David A Groneberg, Eileen M Wanke
Background and aims Pain is a highly complex bio-psychosocial phenomenon that may present a (potential) health risk and either occurs as a warning sign or a symptom of injury. It cannot be ruled out that these rising or changing requirements in dance of all styles, are reflected in health-related outcomes such as pain. The aim of this narrative review article is to outline an overview of prevalence and localization, concepts of performance pain and injury pain, pain perception and pain management in dance. At that consequences of pain and influencing factors focusing on different dance styles or forms of professionalism are discussed...
August 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Yuvaraj Krishnamoorthy, Vijayageetha M, Manikandanesan Sakthivel, Gokul Sarveswaran
Background Electrical and electronic waste or e-waste is emerging as a major public health threat worldwide because of rapid advances in technology leading to the generation of large amount of wastes and a lack of knowledge in handling of these wastes. Objective The current review discusses the current e-waste problem worldwide, as a public health concern, with a specific focus on India and recommendations to have effective e-waste management. Methods This is a traditional review study. The burden of e-waste, regulations and its impact on health and the environment at the global and country level were identified using various search engines such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and ScienceDirect...
August 11, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
Ana Díez-Izquierdo, Pia Cassanello-Peñarroya, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Albert Balaguer, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to perform a comprehensive review of the literature about thirdhand smoke (THS). METHODS: Systematic review of all aspects of THS. Standard methodological procedures were used to search the following databases through April 2018: MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Web of Science (WOS) in Indo-European languages. To identify published grey literature, the first 200 hits from Google Scholar™ were evaluated...
July 11, 2018: Environmental Research
Rahul Vaidya, Derrek Woodbury, Kerrelos Nasr
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to review the available literature on anterior subcutaneous internal pelvic fixation (ASIPF) to identify indications, clinical and radiographic outcomes, and compare these with alternative fixation methods. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines, a systematic search on PubMed and Google Scholar was performed. Articles included were in the English language or English translations and published between 2007 and 2018...
September 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Mathieu Albert, Maria Mylopoulos, Suzanne Laberge
The objective of scientific, or more broadly, academic knowledge is to provide an understanding of the social and natural world that lies beyond common sense and everyday thinking. Academics use an array of techniques, methods and conceptual apparatuses to achieve this goal. The question we explore in this essay is the following: Does the grounded theory approach, in the constructivist version developed by Kathy Charmaz, provide the necessary methodological tools for the creation of knowledge and theories beyond everyday thinking? To conduct our analysis, we have drawn on the rationalist epistemology originally developed by Gaston Bachelard and taken up a few decades later by Pierre Bourdieu and colleagues to look at the epistemological foundation of the CGT methods as defined by Charmaz...
August 9, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Aldona Kubica, Agata Kosobucka, Tomasz Fabiszak, Diana A Gorog, Jolanta M Siller-Matula
Non-adherence to medication regimen after myocardial infarction (MI) leads to increased morbidity and mortality and generates additional cost to the healthcare system. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to critically discuss assessment methods of adherence to medication in patients after myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention and the possible application of a new self-reported questionnaire. METHODS: A systematic investigation of all published literature was conducted to minimize the risk of bias...
August 9, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Axel Newe, Linda Becker
BACKGROUND: The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the standard file format for the communication of biomedical information via the internet and for electronic scholarly publishing. Although PDF allows for the embedding of three-dimensional (3D) objects and although this technology has great potential for the communication of such data, it is not broadly used by the scientific community or by clinicians. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to provide an overview of existing publications that apply 3D PDF technology and the protocols and tools for the creation of model files and 3D PDFs for scholarly purposes to demonstrate the possibilities and the ways to use this technology...
August 7, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
Dawon Baik, Erin Abu-Rish Blakeney, Mayumi Willgerodt, Nicole Woodard, Mia Vogel, Brenda Zierler
Effective interprofessional (IP) team-based care is critical to enhance the delivery of efficient care and improve nursing and IP team outcomes. This study aims to review the most recent IP team intervention studies that focused on outcomes related to nursing and IP teams. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Embase were searched for existing literature published between January 2011 and December 2016. The search strategy was developed through both literature review and consultation with a health sciences librarian...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Fiona Alice Miller, Sarah J Patton, Mark Dobrow, Whitney Berta
BACKGROUND: Growing interest in public involvement in health research has led to organisational and policy change. Additionally, an emerging body of policy-oriented scholarship has begun to identify the organisational and network arrangements that shape public involvement activity. Such developments suggest the need to clearly conceptualise and characterise public involvement in health research in terms of governance. METHODS: We drew on an established health research system framework to analyse governance functions related to public involvement, adapting scoping review methods to identify evidence from a corpus of journal papers and policy reports...
August 6, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Andrea Ancillao, Salvatore Tedesco, John Barton, Brendan O'Flynn
In the last few years, estimating ground reaction forces by means of wearable sensors has come to be a challenging research topic paving the way to kinetic analysis and sport performance testing outside of labs. One possible approach involves estimating the ground reaction forces from kinematic data obtained by inertial measurement units (IMUs) worn by the subject. As estimating kinetic quantities from kinematic data is not an easy task, several models and protocols have been developed over the years. Non-wearable sensors, such as optoelectronic systems along with force platforms, remain the most accurate systems to record motion...
August 5, 2018: Sensors
Bufan Xiao, Zhaohao Huang, Ruihao Zhou, Jingtao Zhang, Bentong Yu
BACKGROUND The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) is expressed in solid malignant tumors. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether expression of the lncRNA SNHG1 was associated with prognosis in patients with malignancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A literature review from Jan 1970 to July 2018 identified publications in the English language. Databases searched included: PubMed, OVID, Web of Science, the Cochrane Database, Embase, EBSCO, Google Scholar...
August 6, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Vera Joskova, Anna Patkova, Eduard Havel, Simona Najpaverova, Daniela Uramova, Miroslav Kovarik, Zdenek Zadak, Miloslav Hronek
OBJECTIVE: Loss of muscle mass in critically ill patients is associated with serious consequences, such as prolonged mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit confinement, and higher mortality. Thus, monitoring muscle mass, and especially its decline, should provide a useful indicator of morbidity and mortality. Performing evaluations according only to body mass index is imperfect, therefore the aim of this article was to evaluate appropriate methods for muscle mass loss determination in ICU patients...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Mahboubeh Taebi, Somayeh Abdolahian, Gity Ozgoli, Abas Ebadi, Nourossadat Kariman
BACKGROUND: Menopause and its complications could disturb the sense of well-being and health and affect the quality of life. The present study was performed to review the conducted interventional study related to the quality of life in menopausal women in Iran. METHODS: In the present systematic review, to achieve the intended studies, Iranian Registry for Clinical Trials and Magiran, SID, Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, Proquest, ScienceDirect, and Web of Science databases were searched using: menopause" and "quality of life" keywords without any time limitations...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Craig D Newgard, Cynthia D Morris, Lindsey Smith, Jennifer N B Cook, Donald M Yealy, Sean Collins, James F Holmes, Nathan Kuppermann, Lynne D Richardson, Stephen Kimmel, Lance B Becker, Jane D Scott, Robert A Lowe, Clifton W Callaway, L Kris Gowen, Jill Baren, Alan B Storrow, Nicole Vasilevsky, Marijane White, Adrienne Zell
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess the productivity, outcomes, and experiences of participants in the National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-funded K12 institutional research training programs in emergency care research. METHODS: We used a mixed-methods study design to evaluate the 6 K12 programs, including 2 surveys, participant interviews, scholar publications, grant submissions, and funded grants. The training program lasted from July 1, 2011, through June 30, 2017...
August 2, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Edoardo Virgilio, Enrico Giarnieri, Maria Rosaria Giovagnoli, Monica Montagnini, Antonella Proietti, Rosaria D'Urso, Paolo Mercantini, Genoveffa Balducci, Marco Cavallini
Differently from other digestive malignancies, gastric cancer (GC) carcinogenesis seems more heterogeneous and unclear. This entails failing in identification of reliable serum tumor markers for screening early GC (EGC) as well as persisting ominous prognosis of this disease. Recently, investigation of human noncoding genome, especially long noncoding molecules (lncRNAs), has provided promising data. As for GC, however, since the current information on GC-specific lncRNAs is still scarce and comes largely from analyses performed on tissue or serum of affected patients, we decided to review the current literature dealing with expression of such molecules in the gastric juice (GJ) of GC patients...
July 27, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Chun-Yan Guan, Yi-Lan Liu, Hui Huang, Xia Yang, Juan-Juan Xu, Xin-Qiao Fu, De-Ying Hu, Cai-Hong Lu, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Juan Xu, Peng Han
Based on the outpatient interview and literature review, the initial framework of the outpatient experience of human caring scale was formed with 9 dimensions of outpatient process. The research aim was to improve the scale by Delphi method. Sixteen experts in medical management, human caring or medical education were invited to evaluate the importance of the dimensions and items of the scale and provided some expertise via filling out the Delphi consultation questionnaires twice in the consulting round. In the first round, the recovery rate showing the experts' positivity was 80%; the coefficient of reliability (Cr) ascertaining the authority of the evaluation was 0...
April 2018: Current medical science
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