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Scholarly method

Mario Fuiano, Massimiliano Mosca, Silvio Caravelli, Simone Massimi, Maria Grazia Benedetti, Francesco Di Caprio, Salvatore Mosca, Stefano Zaffagnini
BACKGROUND: Plantar fibromatosis, or Ledderhose disease, is a benign and hyperproliferative disease of the plantar aponeurosis. There have been described different therapeutic options regarding plantar fibromatosis, both conservative and surgical. The aim of this review is to systematically analyze conservative and operative treatments of plantar fibromatosis described in literature, evaluating which procedure shows the highest success rate and best functional outcome. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane reviews computerized database was performed focusing on the different types of treatments for plantar fibromatosis...
June 11, 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Neda Asadi, Robabeh Memarian, Zohreh Vanaki
BACKGROUND: The performance of nurses, which is rooted in personal motivation, determines the quality of care. Therefore, it is important that nurses are motivated to provide high-quality care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that affect caring motivation from the perspectives of nurses in Iran. METHODS: This was a qualitative study. Seventeen nurses were interviewed using a semistructured, in-depth interview method...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Wendell C Taylor, Richard R Suminski, Bhibha M Das, Raheem J Paxton, Derek W Craig
Background: Time spent in sedentary behaviors is an independent risk factor for several chronic diseases (e.g., cardiometabolic diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension). Recently, interventions to reduce sitting time at work (a prominent sedentary behavior) have been developed and tested. Organizational culture plays a critical role in the success of workplace interventions. However, there are a limited number of studies that have examined the role of organizational culture in reducing sitting time in the workplace...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Giti Ozgoli, Marzieh Saei Ghare Naz
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) is a common problem for pregnant women. Researchers have recently paid special attention to complementary medicine methods for the treatment of NVP. Regarding the high prevalence of NVP as well as maternal and fetal adverse effects of chemical drugs, the present study, focusing on clinical trials carried out in Iran, was conducted to assess safety and efficacy of different nonpharmacological methods in relieving NVP. This systematic review focused on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and assessed complementary medicine on NVP for which databases including MedLib, Magiran, Iran Medex, SID, PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar search engines from 2000 to 2015 were searched...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Miranda Buhler, Cathy M Chapple, Simon Stebbings, Bahram Sangelaji, G David Baxter
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of splinting for reducing pain and improving function and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in people with thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC OA). DESIGN: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar, 3 trial registries and 4 conference proceedings were systematically searched for randomised and non-randomised controlled trials up to March 17th , 2018. Two reviewers independently applied the inclusion criteria to select potential studies and assess risk of methodologic bias using the Cochrane Collaboration's Risk of Bias Tool...
October 11, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Saeed Ahmad, Samya Perveen, Muhammad Adeel Arshad, Tayyeba Rehman
Background Euphorbia granulata is herb of family Euphorbiaceae having several traditional uses. The aim of the study is to summarize reported nutritional and medicinal value along with ethnomedical records. Methods The papers on nutritional and medicinal value of E. granulata are collected from electronic search engines (Google Scholar, PubMed). Synonyms are confirmed from "The plant List." Results Pharmacological studies suggest that the extracts of E. granulata possess antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, diuretic, antiulcerative colitis and spasmolytic properties...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Shimona Prosad, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Elizabeth Ojewole
BACKGROUND: According to the United Nations Trends in Contraceptive Use 2015 report, at least one in ten married or in-union women in most regions of the world has an unmet need for family planning. Family Planning 2020 reports an estimate of almost 134 million married or in-union women of reproductive age who have an unmet need for modern methods of contraception in 2016 in participating countries. Family planning has therefore been highlighted as a global unmet need. Initiatives such as Family Planning 2020 aim to promote contraceptive use through Implanon® contraceptive implant...
October 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Lucija Ruzman, Ivana Mikolasevic, Kristina Baraba Dekanic, Sandra Milic, Goran Palcevski
BACKGROUND: Chronic liver diseases (CLD) present important clinical problem in children with various age-dependent causes. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with its increasing prevalence is a major problem with regard to its timely recognition and the need for long-term disease monitoring. At present, a perfect non-invasive method for the evaluation of liver fibrosis is not available. METHODS: A non-systematic literature search was performed to summarize the current knowledge about transient elastography (TE) with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) in children with CLD...
October 10, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Maulilio J Kipanyula, Alfred S Sife
Stereology is a quantitative and comparative method that utilizes planes, lines, and points for the estimation of three-dimensional parameters in morphological studies. It primarily focuses on geometrical features of objects such as number, density, length, area, and volume. A scientometric study was conducted to analyze global research trends in application of stereology in biomedical research. Stereology has gained wide application resulting into design-based stereological methods. Data for this study were retrieved from the SCOPUS database...
2018: BioMed Research International
Liang Wang, Xiaolong Xue, Yuanxin Zhang, Xiaowei Luo
: Numerous studies in urban resilience have been published in the past decade. However, only a few publications have tracked the evolution trends of urban resilience research, the findings of which can serve as a useful guide for scholars to foresee worth-effort research areas and make the best use of precious time and resources. In order to fill the research gap, this study performed a scientometric analysis on the evolution trends of urban resilience research using a versatile software package-CiteSpace. The scientomentric analysis focuses on distribution of lead authors and their institutions, high frequency categories and keywords, high influential journals, author contribution, and evolutionary trends based on co-author analysis, co-word analysis, co-citation analysis and cluster analysis of documents...
October 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sasha E Knowlton, Sabrina Paganoni, William Niehaus, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez, Raman Sharma, Mary A Iaccarino, Todd Hayano, Jeffrey C Schneider, Julie K Silver
Bibliometrics utilize statistical methods to measure the scholarly impact of publications. Bibliometrics are categorized as conventional metrics (CM) or alternative metrics (AM). CM have often been considered the standard to measure the impact of publication-related scholarship. With the growing popularity of social media (SoMe) and ease of instantaneous distribution of information globally, AM have become an important complementary measure of scholarly activity. Bibliometrics may provide a standard performance measurement that may be used for tenure and/or promotion among academic institutions...
October 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Rachael M McLean, Victoria L Farmer, Alice Nettleton, Claire M Cameron, Nancy R Cook, Mark Woodward, Norman R C Campbell
This systematic literature review aimed to investigate whether 24 hour diet recall and diet records are reliable and valid ways to measure usual dietary sodium intake compared with 24 hour urinary assessment. We searched electronic databases Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Lilacs, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library using pre-defined terms Studies were eligible for inclusion if they assessed adult humans in free-living settings, and if they included dietary assessment and 24 hours urinary collection for assessment of sodium intake in the same participants...
October 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Sudeep Pradhan, Stephen B Duffull, Robert J Walker, Daniel F B Wright
PURPOSE: The intact nephron hypothesis (INH) states that impaired renal function results from a reduction in the number of complete (intact) nephrons. Under this model, renal drug clearance is assumed to be a linear function of glomerular filtration while tubular handling is ignored. The aims of this study were to systematically review published studies designed to test the INH and to assess the strength of the study designs used. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google Scholar...
October 8, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
F Marijn Stok, Britta Renner, Julia Allan, Heiner Boeing, Regina Ensenauer, Sylvie Issanchou, Eva Kiesswetter, Nanna Lien, Mario Mazzocchi, Pablo Monsivais, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Dorothee Volkert, Stefan Hoffmann
Background: Dietary behavior encompasses many aspects, terms for which are used inconsistently across different disciplines and research traditions. This hampers communication and comparison across disciplines and impedes the development of a cumulative science. We describe the conceptual analysis of the fuzzy umbrella concept "dietary behavior" and present the development of an interdisciplinary taxonomy of dietary behavior. Methods: A four-phase multi-method approach was employed. Input was provided by 76 scholars involved in an international research project focusing on the determinants of dietary behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Do Hyun Kim, Haram Kang, Se Hwan Hwang
Objectives The use of sphenopalatine ganglion block (SPGB) with a local anesthetic to decrease postoperative pain after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is controversial. We investigated the role of a perioperative SPB to minimize postoperative pain related to ESS in patients with chronic sinusitis through a systematic review of the relevant literature. Data Sources PubMed, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, Embase, and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials. Review Methods We screened the relevant literature published before June 2018...
October 9, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Lotta Sjögreen, Margareta Gonzalez Lindh, Madeleine Brodén, Corinna Krüssenberg, Irvina Ristic, Agneta Rubensson, Anita McAllister
OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia and impaired saliva control are common in children and adolescents with congenital and developmental disabilities. The aim of the present review was to investigate the evidence base for oral sensory-motor interventions in children and adolescents with dysphagia or impaired saliva control secondary to congenital or early-acquired disabilities and to make recommendations regarding methods for intervention. METHODS: A review of the literature from 2000 to 2016, including oral sensory-motor intervention studies for children and adolescents (3-18 years of age) with dysphagia or impaired saliva control secondary to congenital or early-acquired disabilities, was performed...
October 8, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Abdulsallam Bakdash, Sachil Kumar, Kirti Amresh Gautam, Vikash C Mishra
Several methodologies are being used on different biological, physical and chemical indicators to determine the postmortem interval (PMI); however, most of them are not completely accurate. Flow cytometry is an emerging technology widely used for single cell analysis in the field of clinical pathology. Studies on flow cytometry and its application in the field of forensic medicine were retrieved from systematic web searched of different databases including "MEDLINE", "ScienceDirect", "PubMed" and "Google Scholar" using keywords forensic science; forensic medicine; forensic investigation; flow cytometry; DNA; postmortem interval; vitreous humour with the last search performed in January 2018...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Alireza Khammar, Sahar Dalvand, Amir Hossein Hashemian, Mohsen Poursadeghiyan, Soudabeh Yarmohammadi, Jalal Babakhani, Hamed Yarmohammadi
The present dataset was carried out using meta-analysis method towards investigation of the prevalence of nurses׳ burnout in Iran. To this end, the keywords were searched in the Iranian databases such as Medlib, SID, Iranmedex, Magiran or even some international databases such as Cochrane, Science-Direct, Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar. The data were analysed using the STATA Software Version 12. In ten articles with a sample size of 1758 subjects, an average age of 30.73 (54%) and the confidence interval of 43-64, the prevalence of burnout was reported...
October 2018: Data in Brief
Vibhu Paudyal, Scott Cunningham, Kathrine Gibson Smith, Katie MacLure, Cristin Ryan, Maria Cordina
BACKGROUND: The accessibility of services within community pharmacies provides an ideal opportunity to manage minor ailments, yet over £1.1 billion is spent by the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom (UK) in managing minor ailments in high cost settings. There is a need to review the evidence base around clinical effectiveness of pharmacy-based management of minor ailments since the absence of such may lead to under-utilisation of pharmacy services and non-implementation of available pharmacy service models...
2018: PloS One
Solange Mianda, Anna Voce
BACKGROUND: The importance of clinical leadership in ensuring high quality patient care is emphasized in health systems worldwide. Of particular concern are the high costs to health systems related to clinical litigation settlements. To avoid further cost, healthcare systems particularly in High-Income Countries invest significantly in interventions to develop clinical leadership among frontline healthcare workers at the point of care. In Low-Income Countries however, clinical leadership development is not well established...
October 1, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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